Newspaper Page Text
} Foreign Intelligence.
EtRlVAL OF THE PACIFIC,
pays lifer from Europe?a Great
ral Battle?21 ships of war des
'yed?Excitement In Europe, &c,
Niw Voae, December 26.
AfflWiean'miil itnmer Pacific tench
whnrf a bom noon to-day. She brings
ivs I me- advice* from Europe. Flour
riher advanced 6d. to U.
political advices by this ttetmer are
lhan usually important,
TURKEY AND RUSSIA.
engagement had taken place be
ll the Kua'iun am) Tuikish fleets in
[ilrmis near Hennpc, in which the
r were eniimy defeated. The lai
nf the Turki?h vessels were lint,
[tlier with ahnlit 800 soldiers; some
y ariiJleifT and a large amount of
ley. Twelve smaller Turkish uliips
he Turkish fleet sent forward to the
!ck Sea had been also defeated and
'hn Turks fought liko devils, and
lid not surrender. Willi most des
ato bravery limy fought until one
nfrer another ?vm sunk, blown np,
led, or destroyed. Seven Turkish
Stan, two corvettes, one steamer, and
>o transpoita, with several thousand
olally lost, the men all per
n'an Bev, the Turkish Vice
miral, wus token prisoner.
lacli of the' Turkish ships, besides
rcrow, had 800 troops un their way
"ircasfia. They 4l?n had money to
the fleet, all ot which was lost,
ho battle lasted only one hour. The
Binder of the Russian fleet was so
ttercd that it could scarcoly reach
II Europe was in a furore of excito
iii, and the opiniun is general tha'. n
runeun wurcun no longer he averted.
io Russians continued to gain ihe aj
utage, and their loss in the great iia
1 engagement?under the cii'cimistqji
s, is fully equal lo-ihot of the Tutjis.'
On the lino-of-the jDftuubo there was
i movement. ?
On the 3d Nov.,-six RussiqyMhins.
idei command of Admiral Maijijilyiff,
tacked the Turkish squadron^K Sen'
ib, end notwithstanding a brisk tire
urn luul batteries, completely destroy
I seven Turkish ships, or frigates, one
earn frigate, two schooners aud three
Omar Pacha has been taften prisoner
1 the Russians. Ho was ahourd the
(g-ship, which being greatly damaged
i, the conflict, was found to be rapidly
Inking. Himself and crew of the ves
b'. ware t?k?n ouixwuLa. .Russian ship
nd ther" made prisoners. This news
I confirmed by the very latest dispatch
>. Twelve Tut kish vessels in al I were
The Russians lost two ships of the
ine, three frigates and tiwo steamboats.
Treatment of Hrlirem by Avttria.
? The Hebrew citizens of Albsny, New
fork, have held a meeting to express
ptir indifrnalion si 11 the late atrocious
jrrannicnl and arbitrary acts ol Francis
oteph of Austria by which he ha? defin
ed 700,OoO of liia Jewish subjects ol the"
Mlienable rights ol man.'yThey adopted
i long series of resolutions in the preamble
0 which they say that in consequence of
hat cruel and despotic decree ol the Aui
rian tyrant, the Jewish bankers of Lon
Jnn, viz: Vlessrs. Adam Spielman & Co.,
Buum & Co., Montctu Brothers, and
.Ibraham Banner & Co., have agret d not
odeal in Austrian State stocks, ondaHe
irew member of the Stock Exchange has
ilso thrown a large quantity ol the Atis
ri?n Slocks on the market " as not worth
teeping" This example they urge all
riends of rejigious ard political liberty to
bllovr throughout the world.
A GOOD 0.\E.
A correspondent of the Alexandria
3azelte sends the following to that paper,
?itli appropriate evidences ol its truih.
At the breaking of ground the cntn
neijcement ol the Lynchburgh and Ten
less# Bailroad, at Lynchburgh, the He v.
F. E., by appointment, acted ns chaplain
in the occasion. At tin' limn appointed
'or prayer, the chaplain raisedTjii hands
ind laid,"Let us prsy." In an instant all
uti wer- doffed, and the chaplain com
nencpd slowly and solemnly to read a
reryappropriate manuscript prater, which
lie had pre\iously prepared. During the
reading olthe prayer, an old pegru man,
A'ho had been engaged with his spade,
was resting, with one font on the spade
and his arms on the handle, looking very
intently in the chaplain's lace. At the
conclusion of the prayer, the old negro,
straitening hiinseii up, remirkiM audibly,
?IVelml reckon dat'sde lust tiilie do Lord
has,ever been wrote to on the subject of
Right to lirtsk I.tHcri.t? In the
WaitliinijloM case, loceiftly on
lulumhua a question a'ose as tn
ail ufRvoi1 had a right, tyider
'eirfcnmstancos, in bleak tlio real ol'
l letter addressed to another person.
Judge McLean said that, "If any poisdii
spoiled a letter under aujr pretence
aU'vur, he was llablo to he prosecuted
terthe post office laws." lfauspiclnifl
otteif came, It would lis better for tli'e
ma.ter to send tn the Department!
" 'i?d no authnjuf tn open" tliein
id the narshn, polico, nor llml
Ity Council nf Wheeling has re
submit the liquor license qttM
Postmaster General's Report*
The whole number of Post-offices in
the United States at the close of the
last official your, June 30th, I?53, was
22,220 Of' number, mo hundred
and fifty-five ore of the liighc&i clufs.
the postmuaters of which are appointed j
by the President. At the present date, |
1st Dec., 1S53, the total number of
post-offices is 22,633. During the past!
year, commencing fuel of July, 1862, j
1,593 post-offices were established, j
lour hundred and seventy-nine were die- j
continued, and there were appointed to
office during the said year, besides the j
1,893 postmaster* to the newly estab* i
I is lied offices aforesaid, 3,858, upon res- |
ignation, 21?j upon death, 162 upon
change of sito, 91 where t'tu Postman- j
ter had moved, and 1,321 on removal
of prior incumbent*, being 8,.500 op- j
pointed during the year ending on the ;
30th June, 1865. At the close of the j
fiscal year, ending on the 30tli day of,
Juno last, there were in operation with- j
in the United States 0.092 mail routes;
their aggregate length was 217,743]
miles, and 5,583 contractors were em
ployed thereon. The annual transpor
tation of the mails on these routes was
61.545,5-12 miles; the annual cost there
of was $4,495,903.
The expenditures of thodepartment,
during the lato fiscal year, were $7,982,
757.?Tho gross revenue from till sour
ces was $5,940,724. It appears from
tho foregoing statement, that the gross
revenue of the year ending June 30th,
1853, falls shott of expendituies in the
sum of 32,012,531. Fifteen hundred I
and seventy-one thousand dollars of
this deficiency were supplied by bal-.
lanco, on tho Auditor's books, on July
1st, 1853 and appropriations to supply
deficiencies of upwards of one million
of dollars, leaving $516,000 to bo pro-J
vided by Congress for the service of the
year ending June 30, 1853.
Report of the Secretary of the Navy.
The first part of the Secretary of the
Navy's Report is taken up with dene ti
lling tho lotcc engaged in the several
Mention is made of the sailing of Dr.
Kane in search of Sir John Franklin,
and in connection with this, complaint
is made that certain new Clinttu of tho
British Admiralty give credit to officers
of ilie British Navy for discoveries made
by tho former American expedition, un
der Lieut. De Haven, in the Arctic Seas.
The operations of the Naval Observ*
atory, under Lieut. Maury, are spoken
Of in complimentaty torms, and the re
sult of his visit to Brussels, to meet the
representatives of various European
governments for scientific purposes, ore
spoken of us likefy to prove vastly ben
eficial to commerce and navigation.
An increase of the Navy is urgently
BtUisvd. It con?Uu nuW uf about sev
enty vessels of ull classes, many of
whichare unfit for service, and not worth
retailing. There arc not now forty
vessels that could be brought into ser
vice in ninety days, if needed, there is
no steamer in the Pacific, or African
squadron.!, only one or two guns in the
Brazil Squadron, and ive hivve no steam
er of m'lio than ten guns. The law
only aullmtizes the enlistment of 7000
men, which would not man a flwt. f
tyivessels. Our Xav; is ; ?
fifth of those of i'.:e several European
powers. The necessities for a larger
;t',irce nre pointed out in much detail.
The importance of steam in the Navy
is strongly dwelt upon, and the repoit
recommends the cuustiuction of at least
six first clnss steam frigate propellers,
which may bo built in our several yards
in addition to the work now going on in
them. Should these recommendations
be adopted, our naval force will bo ma
terially strengthened by the addition of
two first class sailing frigates, and of
soven first class steam frigates, capable
of mounting fifty guns each.
The repeated failures of our war
steamers ate referred to, and the result
of an investigation as to the cuuses is
suid to be on file, lteference is made
to the Bureau of Medicine and Surgery,
and to tho Marine Corps, and the re
ports from each are commended to Con
The present organization of the Na
vy is described as not only defective
and unwise, but mischievous in its op
eration. The gient evil is that neither
merit nor service, nor gallantry, nor ca
pacity, but mere seniority of commis
sion, regulates promotion and pay. The
discretionuty power ill the President or
tbe Secretary in regard to promotions
and furloughs is not sufficient, and their
offuits at discrimination nre continually
umbarrussed. A Retired List, on re
duced pay lor the infirm, the discharge
of the inefficient; promotion regulated
by capacity and merit and not mere sen
iority of commission, and pay to eoine
extent controlled by sea services, are
reforms urgently needed nud recom
mended to Congress.
A linaid of officers of various grades,
to be selected by the President, can In;
convened periodically to report to him
the names of those who, in thuir judg
ment, should bo made subjects uf the
rules prescribed, but their report to bo
binding on the Ptesideut only bo far as
he deems proper. A system of rewards
and punishments to tbe sailors, and
1 discharge, is suggested as a
means of encouraging more permanent
Secretary of the Interior's Report.
Of all the public documents given to
the cnuutiy within the last week, not
quo possesses more intorusts than the
Annual Report from the Depnrtmontof
tho interior. We glean from it ihefact
lliat during the year,'9,819,111 acres
have been surveyed, 10.363,891 acres
brought into market, and l,0S3,49.'> o
cres sold. The number of land war
rants issued iu> to the 30th September
la<t, wa?p<3<)? 12, of which there were
I then outstanding GG.947. The entire
area of the public domain is estimated
al 1,551 000,000 ??f acres. Its purchase
whs effected u? the rate t?! 14.41 cent#
pet acie, amounting to 307,909.700.
Add the Indian Reservation, valued al
$4,250 90G, and adding (he coBt of sell*
ititf lauds sold previous to Juue last, the
entire cost, excluding surveying, amounts
to $88,994,015. The whole amount
Deeming fiom salt's up to June 30. 1853,
was 8142.284.378, being $53,299 465
more than the cost of the whole. It is
estimated that the nett amount which
will have been realized for them, in the
sum of $331,lSl,3G9. The policy of'
bringing the lands into mittket at the i
eailiest possible day is urged. Eatlyi
attention is called to tho disposition of j
the mineral lands of California, the un? ,
settled business of tho Pension Oilice,!
and the frauds upon the same. The!
Indians have been unusually peaceful)
through the year. Their present num-:
her in the United States is estimated at
400,000?lS.OOOea&t of the Mississippi.
Legislature of Virginia.
Friday, Dec. 1G, IS53. j
The following resolutions of expo- j
diency were adopted:
By Mr. Regcr?of changing the Pub-1
lie Guard into a school for tho educa
tion of the indigent children of tho
13y Mr. Martin?reporting bill No.
139 of lust session, making provisions
for a general system of free banking.
HOUSE OF DELEGATES.
A communication from the Senate
was read, stating that that body had
pssned biilrt entitled "an act to amend j
the Gth secthm of chapter 158 of the j
Code, so as to extend the jurisdiction of
Circuit Coutts, at their special terms,:
and to repeal the act passed 10th Jan
uaty, 1553; and an act to amend the
44th section of chapter S5 of the Code, \
so as to authorize the committing of!
estates of lunatics to Sheriffs and Ser- j
geants, when committees appointed by:
i Courts fail to qualify.
Saturday, Dec. 17th, 1353.
: DILLS fABSCD. i
I To amend the nineteenth section of;
(the act concerning the salaries of cer-1
| tain officers of government, compensa- j
lion of members and officers of the
General Assembly, mileage and other
allowances, passed June 5th, 1S52. j
Requiring the Governor of the Com
monwealth to cause proclamation to be
made of the establishment of Banks,
based on State securities. I
A bill to amend the 5ih section of the
act concerning the registration of births,
marriages, and deaths, eo us to impose
a penalty on mimfttei'i and others. ?lull
ing to comply with the said section of
stud net. cutne up on iis passage, and
was ordered to an engrossment*
On motion of Mr. Bufford, it was
Unsolved, That tlio portion of the
Governor's Message relating to the pur
chase of Mount Vernon be referred to
a committee of five, and that tho com
mittee inquire into the pri'-e and terms,
v -1 na t-' what disposition would be
.. ?? of it it' purchased.
The committee will be reported on
Monday, Dec. 19, 1853.
Mr. Thomas proposed a resolution
providing lor the issue of sinull notes
by tho Virginia Banks to the amount
of one-filth of the specie in the vaults,
to bo based on Stuto securities. Jlnf
proposition was lost?ayes 10, noes 2j,I
Allestalion of Wills.
It has frequently occurred to us ni
irnportHttt tliut the newspapers shoal 5
publish the provision of the now Cod ?
in lefereticc to the execution of Willi0
Many Willsit is thought areinvnlid, anv
the title to prnporty by them thereforjj
unsound because witnesses to its execu.;
tion have not observed the requisites ol
the late enactment; tliut pi o vision is a
"Chapter 122, section 4. No Wi
shall be valid unless it bo in writing nn
signed by the testator, or by snmoothe
person, in his presence and by his dim
tion, in such manner us to make it mat
ifest that the name was intended as
signature; and moreover, unless it 1
wholly written by the testator, and si;
nature shall bo made or the Will n<
knowledged by him in the presence of
least two competent witnesses at. the son
and such witnusses shallsubscri
the Will in the presence of the fcstatvl^
but no form of uttesiution shull bo iiL
iNortliweslerii Virginia Railroad.'
About 8100,000 vvoi'o again ;iaiil out
(lining the poAt week, for work dune on
liie Nottliwesteta Virginia Railroad,du
ring the prtivi'pus month. The wotltman
have increased greatly in numbers, of
late and it iaexpected the next estimate
will l)ii by fur tlio largest which bus yet
i been made.
Onto law.?Tlio Wheeling Gazette
The C'iiicirinnti Price Current Btatcs
that under a recent enactment, which in
embraced in the new code of Ohio lutva
a debtor who in suspected of having din
posed of his property for the purpose of
defrauding hiacteditora, can be brought
before a I'robutv Judge and required to
teatify under null) with reference to the
matter. The firm cave tinder tlijs law,
that we have heard of, was brought in
this city during the last woek, and the
tosttlt was the defendants guvo security
for the payment of the debt, although
they failed snmo lime since, and were re
pot!,d to be wottli nothing.
pRAwr. where we caw ai*d cexscre vrur.Rt vrc
Satui-day, DcccmbcrSli 1853.
CTMr.C.PIERCE, No. 46,South Third at.,
Philadelphia, is one of our moat obliging and
E. W. CAKK, Third street, opposite tho Ex
change, Philadelphia, is also our Agent for that
Dr. E. PARSONS, Glndy Crsek, Harbour co.
has kindly consented lo ad ai Agent for tho
! D. M. AUVIL, Ncstorvillc,Harliour co., Va.
| G. CRESAP, Esq., Kingwood, Preston co., Va.
\Ve ore driven to the mortifying necessity
of issuing a hulf sheet this week, owing to
the failure of our I'tper-makera to supply
in* with paper nt the proper lime. When
the reccnt contract was made, we f?*lt sure
of having good paper, promptly delivered ;
through tho Winter,?ami nuiieipated u fur
ther regular supply from Live Oak Mill.? ;
Wo arc, however, badly disappointed for the |
present, und our prospective calculations are
buiied in the grave of poor 7'rcudley.
This is a world of disappointments, and .
we ore getting used to them?but paper we 1
will have, ?hough it be necessary to run a
41 one-horse" line to Brownsville or Pitts- j
On Saturday evening last. Mr. Kukderick
A. Trkudlev. l\iper-moker, of this vicinity, j
met with an accident which eventuated in
his death on Wednesday morning following
about four o'clock. On closing up the labois
of the week on Saturday evening, Mr. T.
went into the wheel-room after an oil-can.
The water had been shut oil', and the mill
stopped, so that no danger was apprehended;
but, some, ice bcij.c, in the way, a sufficiency
of water leaked through to fill several of the
buckets?the machinery suddenly started?
Mr. Treudley was thrown from his feet, and
caught between the wheels?his left leg was
broken in two or three places?his shoulder I
dislocated, collar-bone unci Eeveral ribs bro
ken, besides receiving severe internal inju
ries. He received prompt medical and sur
gical attendance?bore his fruflerimru with
great fortitude, and converged cheerfully with
visiters until Sunday evening, when he be
came speech lesB, and so remained.
Mr. Treudley had nearly completed his ;
01st year. He was a member of the ?? Disci
ples Church" for many years, and looked for- j
ward lo his dissolution with resignation to j
the Divine will, and hope of future blis*.?
He leave* a deeply afflicted widow, and sev
en children, some of whom aro too young to
Mr. Tretidley was a man of great energy '
of character, and commendable busincsa ha
bits. He rented the Live Oak Puper-mill;
j last Spring?spent the Summer and Fall in
making repairs and improvements?and had
just begun to do business in a satisfactory
way, when this overwhelming disaster took
place. He had made miuiy friends in this
vicinity?was uniformly courteous and com
panionable? and his death i< regauled as a 1
' public loss. His remains, in charge of the
j stricken family, left here for \Vht*i:!iti$ on
I Thursday morning. May He who is the wi
j dow's stay, and the Father of the fatherless,
alTord, in this season of ancuislt, that conso
lation which He alone can give!
FROZE TO DEATH.
j A man named John West attempted to
1 ride across the mouth of Pawpaw on the ico
j a few evenings since, when his horse broke
! 11rough and was drowned. West was thrown
^ ?T-' Un ??? (?.?? ^ j.*wv m
IJrotliers, I'uil'in'B last lines, from I'liil.ndolpliii
' and Baltimore, the Urgent stuck of ready Hindi
'T Clothing r'or iiieu and boy* rh.it was tier ullcrei
in this market.
n Wehavenltu purchased out Me?sr?. CAIIU
" SMITH ii CO.'s ready nmdy clothing, and uoulr
'' k npecUuliy *av to their customer*, when the}
l' I are done purchasing of them their other Goods"
" ' pleafrf i ul on tin tor their Jteady made Clothing
?i \rr We have also in our employ Mr. P. R,
M! IVMHLl., to make up clothing to order. Wi
a are therefore prepared to accommodate ever)
j To t!i<- l.niliew !
We hive a nice atooriiacnt of Good* for the
Aim's, Women s and Children's Boots
5 Mmi's nnd Women's Huts & Bonnets,
\ (iHCtuitware, lEai'dnnir,
; Groceries, Sail, &c.
i Plows mid Plow Points, a lingo stuck.
| Stores (irate*, IIol low-wire, ip.
I As we intend to sell as low ns any one elie,
1 and perhaps a little lowor, don't forget to culi
with your cash and approved trade.
LAX1KK ii FLEMING.
April 9, 1853.
FARMKRS RE! ATI TMJfiJ
| laws a * to require the merchants and tavern
? keepers, before they obtain their licenses, to
! make oath that they will neither receive nor
I pay out any note of less size than 85.
The West-Chester, IV Republican of are
cent date saysA farmer from the lower
part of this county lately look a load of pork
to the Philadelphia market, and after selling
it, went in the evening to the theatre, where
he became acquainted with a "pood fellow'
w ho wan bo agreeable that our Chester coun
ty man invited him to sleep with him at the
' tavern where he was stopping. In the morn
I ing when he awoke. Ins new friend was
J misting, and with him 880 of the fanner's
! money, ull he received for his pork, and also
| S20 of another person sleeping in the same
QjTWe learn that Ward and Gibson, who
were lately cotnicted in Westmoreland co?
Pa, of the murder of Mra. Secrest. have
been granted a new ttial, on the ground that
the husband of the decessed, who was the
principal wltneii "gainst them, if insane.
OUR WHEELING CORRESPONDENCE.
Wheeling, Vh , Dfcc.22,1853.
Editori vf the Mirror:
I arrived in this cltv yester
day afternoon about o'clock, tlie train
from tiio east b?ing behindhand as usual.
I found tiio usual hurtle and business nir
wldcli is incident to the " Bridge city."
The atmosphere was heavy, and the vol*
ume of smoko from the boats and nu
merous manufactories lay over the city
and along the river as though it was un
willing to quit the busy scone beneath.
The Ohio river was slowly rising yes
terday, and almost blocked up with ice.
1 seo by this morning's " Daily Times
and Gazette," that there is now 6ix feet
water, which will allow the floating pal
aces, which ply between this city and
the cities below, to turn out. On look
ing at some of these fine steamers yes
terday, the array of freight and crowds
of passengers, 1 was at a loss to express
my feelings, and all I could think or do
was to coino lo the wise conclusion that
truly " this is a great country," and that
Wheeling is destined to become a great
city. Hero is a commercial business of
which larger cities might be proud, and
manufactoiiustoo numerous to mention;
which, with the several Railroads com
pleted and completing to this city, will
make a trade almost unsurpassed in the
West. The weather is more mild this
morning, and it is now hoped that the
Ohio will not bo entirely closed with;
Ole Bull gave a concert at Washing-:
ton Hall lust evening. I was not thore,,
but 1 learn that the audience was (to ?
use a common phrase) largo and respec-!
table. lie has crcated an excitement
in this city almost equal to that which
Jenny Lind (that used to was) crcated
when tdio was here. It is said thkt fur
fiddle scraping he can beat the world.
About midnight (last night) I was a
roused from a fine 'snooze' by the alarm
of fire, ringing of bolls and the hurried
tramping of feet. The fire was in thfe
northern part ol'ibe city, and destroyed
two dwellings an?l a carpenter's shop.?
Another olai m was made this morning,
occasioned by a fire in a Clothing store
on Monroe street. It was put out with
out doing much damage. Tbo firemen
of this city arc very prompt and ener
getic, and do their paitso well that oth
ers are only in the way when they at
tempt to help fight the fiery element,
Gieat preparations aro making for
the approaching holidays. The show
windows and cases aro tastefully filled
with tho best, most beautiful, and most
attractive articles in the possession of
tho many merchants and venders of va
rious kinds, all holding out inducements
for the time honored custom of making
Christmas and New Year's Gifts. The
variety of pretty things, beggars ill des
cription, and I will not attempt it.
The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Do
pot '3 crowded with freight und ears,
loading nnd unloading. It is said thai
| the dispatch with which freight is for
I warded East, ia gratifying not only to
i those interested, but to all friends of
YVhereever we turn our eyes all is
industry und enterprise, and afa6t grow
-ujg and prosperous city is the result.
J Tho above lines have been scratched
1 i a hurry. Excuse haste, and look for
t jmuthing better by next week.
? Yours, ?cc. W. D. S.
! WHEELING, Bee. 28, 1853.
; Editors of the Mihbor:
f Since my last, nothing of im
mrtancc has occurred in this city, except the
)bfcervancH of Christmas. The Catholics
:ook the lead in there matters, of course, and
hrew open tho door* of their Cathedral to
.he public at & o'clock in the morning. 1
earn that a lnr?o congregation of citizen#
issembled to witnos* their performances.?
\s the day advanced the weather crew more
stormy and cold, putting a damper on row.
\vism, which, doubtless, would have pre*
ailed to a considerable extent. Notwith
landing the inclemency of the weather, a
reul part of tho population were on foot,
id tlie city presented a gay and lively as
jet. Parents and children, on tours of ob
nervation, thronged the streets. The des
truction of Turkeys, judging from the num
i ber sold in market, must have been enor
' inoiu. Tho b'hoys amused themselves by
burning fiie-crackers, &c., to the great an*
noyence of persons walking the streets. 1
! suppose tho Police pave them 'a little rope'
on Christmas, which they would not give at
any other time. Although the nights have
been cold, many serenading parties have
beeu out, nnd have discoursed some fine vo
cal and instrumental music.
I The River trade has nearly come to a halt
on account of the hard free&ing. It scorns
that the River is entirely eloeed up between
this city and Pittsburg, and boat officers are
alraid to risk It down stream, for fear of be
ing frozen up. Tho pa?t has been a hard
season for boats on account of low water?
j and the Winter seems as bad on aooount of
| ice. There has been a pretty good stage of
water since Thursday last.
i There are now 5 newspapers published in
.this place, oue of them German?but J don't
| Business of all kinds ii brisk, considering
: the r*ry cold wither. V. D. Si.
| OUR NEW YORK CORRESPONDENCE,
NEW YOKK, Dec. iU, 1W3.
Last night, wo }:;ul n alight
fnHiif snow?the first this winter. To
day, however, the weather is mild, ami
there nppcais to be little prospect ?-t
our being nlile to make nur New ?c$f**
calU in sleighs. A alight frost keeps
theifidpwRHcsin Broadwayorispand dry,
and they are crowded about iliia time
(2 P. M.,) with that portion of our fe
malo population, who, not compelled by
their necessities to labor, devotoalargo
portion of tho day to shopping, and a
much largor portion ot it to displaying
their charming foattirou and fucoa in the
j fashionable promenade of tho Western
| Tho Mitchol Banquet t^olc placo at
tho Broadway Thoatre, la&t evening.
Over COO gentlemen sat down to dinner,
| and the boxen wore filled with nearly as
many ladies. Charles O'Conor, Esq.,
presided; and speeches were made by
! Messrs. Mitchol, O'Gorman, and Smyth.
Mr. Robert Emmett made an explana
tion relative to tho funds of tho Irish
Directory. Premiums were freeiy off
ered during the afternoon and overling,
| for choice seata at tho tuble, and fur ad
mission into the dress circle. A dense
throng gathered about the door of the
Theatre, as early as 5 o'clock. The
doors were opened at G, and dinner was
served at 7. Tho arrangements weto
appropriate.?Tho stuge was considera
bly enlarged, and draped with cloth of
gold, in the form of a pavillion. in!
the tear was a drop sceno, from the
/'Banquet" in Machcth, though no ghost
issued forth to disturb tho festivities.
Across tho stage was placed the prin
cipal tuble, at which fat tho president
and invited guests. In front and rear
of tho table extended others, reaching)
I to the rear of tho Theatre in one oirec- (
; lion, and to the boxes in tho front. The j
! distribution of the guests cud their la- i
'dies in different pottionsof the house,'
fcorved to give the place an air of pecu-'
! liar gnyety und pleasantness. The as
sembly dispersed soon after midnight.
( I have seldom attended a more success
! ful demonstration.
Tho terrible fire, which in two hours,
at midday, laid in ashes the millions of
the Harpers, bus given a new impetus
.totwo branches of business?Insurance
und safes. The Harpers wore rich o
nough to insure themselves. They can
, lose a million of dollars, anil yet go
! on with their business, almost without
interruption ; but men of leas colossal
'fortunes must avail themselves of guar
antees, and especially of the absolute
i security now offered in tho safes which
are safe, of Steams, Marvin & Co., a
' house which combines in its manufac
| lures the patent of Wilder, with tho re
I markable improvements of Rich. This
j combination bid* absolute defianco to
! tho most destructive conflagration, be
; sides guarding property against the ut
most ingenuity of scoundrelism. These
safes are proof against the two crimes
of burglary and arson; and the entire
preservation of their contents, after
hours of exposure to our largest cos,flu*
' grations, with scarce the smell of lire,
is a m'wiclo of scientific invention. A
great many safes have been sold, which
are mere iron chests, and whose only
security is in their never being tested ;
! but Stearns, Marvin & Co., nro makers
? of safe safes, as the fires of New York
and ban Francisco, and many interme
diate places, can testify. Your leader*
who wish to sleep soundly will thank'
, mo. perhaps, for giving them this opi
Flour again advanced, yesterday,!
j from 6 1-4 to 12 1-2 cents per barrel,
' while grain wasaboutthesame. Freights
were firmer, and engagements were j
made so Liverpool at enhanced rates.
I The aggregate imports of lait week j
| show a decrease of about 8240.000, as,
compared with the samo week of last'
The Money Market continues with-1
out change. The supply on call is a-'
bundant at 6 and 7 per cent., and first- j
class paper goes at 9 and 10 per cent., j
with some choice signatures occasional-1
ly at lower figure?. The market is ea
sier than usual at this season of the year. j
, The Interior, I am informed, is still pay
ing up very promptly, excepting per
( haps, the South, where money is less |
plenty than at the West. There is a
! want of currency in some parts of the
South, so much so that in some towns
i it is almost impossible to soli cotton?
I the banks being unable to negotiate the
Exchange. This is one cause of tho
backwardness of Cotton (shipments.
Notwithstanding tho decline of Ex
change below tho specie point, gold con
tinues to bo shippcB',>and about six hun
dred thousand dollars will go out by the
Boston steamer, about live hundred dol
, lars of which will go from this city. It
| would appear from this fact, that tho
| rate of Exchange no longer governs
specie shipments, but that a sort of kit
j ing operation is going on?in effect, that,
parties are borrowing gold in this mar
? ket to strengthen foreign houses.
Every body doos not know where or
how all tho bank bills nro mado. hut a
i good many people do know that a large
' portion of those bills purporting to bo
| issued in Indiana and Illinois, are reul
! ly made, signed, and issued in Wall
I streot. Tho other day, one of thoissu
' era of these bills received a batch from
! tho engraver, which he intended to sign
and pay out at his convenience. It so
! happened that ho had received, signed,
and paid out several thousands of dol
. lars of the same stamp, and on the same
I bajtlc. It was, therefore, necessary that
this i*sue should be signed by the same
names as tho first lot. But lie had en
tirely forgotten what name ho had sign
ed as Cashier on tho bills already out;
j and as Sharp, Smith, Brown, Jones,
I Robinson, Ferguson, Thompson, John
son, &c., wore names already subscri*
! bod to various bills of vsrtaut Western
hnnl:?, if w aa nf s??rne imp::rtar.ce ::ir
}e: siioiild not twice wt: 0 dowr: I
I. a mo nf Oftv " wild cit." or $
n^n CapbitT-of fwa cIi?R?frrt '
Mt bank support two Caahitra. .1
lillj, consequently, had to wait fur the
Biiinnturcfl until an old bill could \
fwtin.l. und the light name ascertained
1 nrn credibly informed that the alxwr'
'circumstance is strictly true.
There is now n Leviathan in mir v
ters?the immense clipper drip, On
Republic, l>ing in the East river, is %
ited daily by hundreds of persons, af
admission prico of a shilling por b#
This gioat bhip has a gieat cargo. \
mong other articles engaged by
Great Republic, fur Liverpool, are-i
9,000 borrols of flour.
60.000 to 70,000 bushels of corn 1
! 1,000 bales nf cotton.
3.000 bushels of rnsin.
1,000 tierces of beef, &c., See.
Having token as much freight as
can lift over tho bar at Sandy H
hhe will, it is (aid, haul out into
' stream on Friday next. It is confident*
)v expected that our trans.Atlantic cous
ins will bo electrified hy the arrival of
lids monster of the deep, in the river
Mer#oy, within twelve days fiom her
departure from thin port.
To day, tho Naval Commit too of 'ho
House will report n bill appropriating
three millions of dollars to defray iho
expenss of constructing six first class
steam frigates, to bo built in accordance
with the recommendations of the Sec
retary of the Navy. I am happy to
learn that this measure will be followed
up with such provisions for a thorough
reorganization of tho whole naval sys
tem ns will place tho service in the most
complete order. Yours Trulv.
Of the "National Hotel" opposite tho
Brownsville Baat Landing, is by no
mouns to bo passed slightly by, when
speaking of good Hotels, because, a
more cleanly and comfort able apartments
hotter table, more attentive servants, u
more courteous, gentlemanly and ac
commodating proprietor, cannot bo
found, than is met with at this well
known and popular House, which should
bo greatly enlarged to keep pace with
its constantly increasing custom and
popularity under its present excel lent
management.?Put Reamer at the head
of the ?? Actor!*' and ho would not dimin
ish its reputation.
in many branches of iron manufdclL" :
our country has advanced with rar
strides, and now maintains a distinguished
: position; this is especially the case
the manufacture of iron wire. There
arc some packages ol wire on ejchibjlici",
at tin- Clirystal Palace, which dese^-'
more than a passing glance from "tver
visitor. They were manufactured r
Trenton, N. J. In quality they are'unEu';
. passed, and in variety thev show the per
lection of machinery used in th'ofr mm
facture, and the ductility of the met
employed. There are some apecimec;
we should judge, about half an inch
diameter, while there are others so fir.
and beautiful that they resemble eilvr
hair. In one package of two pouitc
there are six thousand yards; and in an
other package ol one pound twelve out.
crs, there are four thousand yards?c
one hundred and forty-three and a half
yards in a single ounce of iron.?Sci.-.
Bayard Taylm arrived rn New York
on Tuesday of last week, direct irnr
China, in the clipper Sea Seipent. K
left New York on the 2Sth of Augu;
1351, and has been gone twoyeats ati
four moths. In this time he has visile:
most of the cnuntrios of Europe, i-i
ascended the Nile further than any nth
er American or English traveller, join
neyed in Palomino, Asia Minor ami I:,
dia, visited China twice, and ink"'
! part in the American Expedition to J?
pan. Ho has travelled altogether sum
fifty thousand miles, anil in all his no
ventures and intercourse with men r,
every clime and race has been receive.'
with kindness and attended !>y uniforr
good fortune. From tho time of leav
ing til! his return he has met with n.
accident, hut has found ovary thing ti
i favor his purposes anil help him on
He returns to Amoiica in excellent
health and spirits, ready to apply to uso
tho varied experience ami information
gathered in this Ioiij tour.
Arthur's Home Gantlf.
A New Dessert.
At the recent Mitchel dinner in San
Francisco the wondering admiration of
the guests was excited by the beautiful
| appearance ol one of the many dish-s of
tempting delicacies which adorned'tisc
| tables, Th? dish seemed to consist of
j blanc mange, crowned with a surface and
superstructure of jelly. At the earliest
i opportunity a dozen spoons were plunged
j into it* inviting depths, a dozen plates
, loaded with the mysterious snbstanse and
a dozen tnoulln filied with the delicious
bonbon. And then a change came over
| the spirit of the scene. "Uchl" said one.
| "Bah!" said another. " Go 'way!'' said a
, third, as he spat out a mouthful* of the
1 article on the clean table cloth. ' I'll bo
j hanged if it isn't lard," said the fourth
i The roars of laughter which greeted this
last sally can be better imagined than des
j crihed. _ It really was lard. The cook,
[either/ailing short in his amounf of jelly
or being desirous lodothe dinner up in
fanciful style, had covered huge cakes ol
! solid lard with great pyramids ol jelly
The dishes, thus arranged, looketi be'auti.
ful. Prospecting is a very necessary
preliminary in California.
07" Our NEWSBOYS will bo round te?
day with their Annual Addresa, Let them
be rewarded "according to their works,1'