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Monongalia mirror. [volume] (Morgantown, Va. [W. Va.]) 1849-1855, November 11, 1854, Image 1

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A WEEKLY FAMILY NEWSPAPER?Independent of Party Politics or Religious Sects.?Devoted to News, Literature, Morality, Agriculture, the Arts,&c
MORGANTOWN, (Ya.) SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 11, 1854. { Volume %?Whole M 273.
S. SIEGFRIED, Editor and PsorniETon,
S. SIEGFRIED, Jun., Assistant Editoh,
THE MONONGALIA MIRROR
Is published every Saturday morning, atthe
office on Front stroot, next door to N. Madera's
old Post otlice stand, at tho following terms:
51 50 a yeAh Cash in Advance;
52 00after six montjis have expired;
S2 50 ip never paid, without cocrsion.
ID* No paper will ho discontinued until all
arrearages arc paid up, except at the option of
the Publisher.
No subscription taken for a shorter period
than six months.
TERMS OF advertising !
For 1 square, 3 weeks, - - 81.00
each additional insertion, - 0.25
For one square, 3 months, - - 3.00.
do. b' months, ? - 0.00
<io. 1 year, - - 12.00
For ono column, minion type, 1 year, *10.00
For Announcing Candidates, each name, 2.00
For the Mon Jpgalia Mirror.
? V ?'}
"AMEIUCUS" REPLIED TO.
Mr. KniTon?I desire tho privilege^ttirough
your paper, of replying to tho communication
in your papor of tho 28th of October last, over'
tho signature "of "'Americas'.**' This favor I
ask, first, because I suppose yo^to bo an advo
cato of free discussion?and secondly bocauso
that your paper is to be ? Independent of party
politics and Religious sects." And in my re
marks I Khali claim the liberty of speaking plain
ly and pungently oftho principles and tendencies
of tho sceret oath-hound organization advocated
by 'Americus.' 1 shall forbear to use his real
name, not because I do not know it, but simply
because he has chosen to. himself a fictitious one
??one that sounds more patriotic, and appearan
ces you know are sometimes worth a good doal.
Therefore, lest I might seem to rob him of his
patriotiem by refusing. to recognize his assumed
name, I forbear. I can assure you I have no
desire to pluck a laurel from his brow; but sim
ply to vindicate the truth. And hero lot me as
sure 'Americus,' that I heartily concur with him
in every word as well as tho sentiment of his
first sentence, and only deny his application.?
And I am furthermora willing to admit that no
living mortal understands more in detail the
meaning, power and application of the first two
words of his communication, viz: 'sophism' and
'misrepresentation.' This lact his own fertile
effusions have more clearly demonstrated than
any thing 1 can sayj fori hesitate not to Say,
that never was an article more destitute of
sound argument or truth than his. He commen
ces by saying " sophism and misrepresentation
may for a time blind the oyes and lull to sleep
tHospiritof enquiry and investigation, even of
a free people;' but argumont willrdissipate the
ono and truth crush the'other." This sentiment
of his is is good as his application is bad, for it
must bo admitted on all hands that for this very
reason 'Know Nothingism' sprang up with Buch
a mushroom growth, being so ontiroly onvolop
cd in midnight secresy and conclave, that it for a
timudrjicd investigation, but now being exposed
it must wither before tho scorching rays of pop
ular investigation. Sophism and misrepresenta
tion are tho chief corner-stones of tho 'Know
Nothing'movement. These aretoitwhatoxi/^/i
is to respiration?in a word they sustain it, thoy
give it life and vigor. This is tho recorded ver
dict of enlightened patriotism ovory where.?
Even bigoted and intolerant England joins in
this verdict. Sound argument and truth will
verily dissipate Know Nothingism into tho thin
nest gas. American movement, indeed! Where
isthe proof? for ho has not adduced ono single
jot or ayllnble of evidence to sustain his decla
rations in his wholo articlo, nor indeed can he.
Yes, this American movement (as he wickedly
terms it) thathas suddenly burst forth with ?u ch
"moral power und political strength." O wicked
perversion! Moral potency, indeed, in waging
a crusade against the Constitution of our belov
ed country?against th# long cherished institu
tions of our country. A moral potency, ha! in
prescribing the wholesomo liberty ofconsclcnco,
and for uo other cause or purpose than to pro
moto themselves to ollico and power, but merit
might never place them there. Moral potency!
I suppose that induced tho secret oath-bound
ICnfnv-Notliing banditti,to ransack, pillage nnd
burn so many churclios rocoutly 1 tliat led tbcin
to furco open the door of the llev. Uapst, a j
Catholic minister, in tlicsilenthourof midnight,
aud tea* him from his peaceful slumber, and with
the zeal of an infuriated mob, inflict such acts of
personal violence aud disgrace upon him n? ,
would have consigned its pcrpotrators to tho I
dungeons of the Penitentiary, had not tho order i
given them such aid and comfort as oiiahled
them to'ovailc the officers of tho litwf Those j
nro some of tho many proofs ho mighthavo ad- j
duced in proof of tho immoral potency of this i
American organization. If there is really moral i
potency or principle in or about this movement, i
then unblushing falsehoods, disreputable mis
representations, crimes aud midnight rcvulry 1
must be accounted moral virtue*. But he en-!
<juirc? with a seeming air of triumph, " What is J
this American movement f Wlionco camo it 7
aad what aro its designs?" I answar it is an
unholy crusade against our Republican Institu- j
lions?at war with the teaching and admonition j
of the immortal Washington and Jefferson?an
avowed enemy to the American Constitution. It ;
camo from the Iruiizied brain of tho disreputable J
Ned Uuntline. It was begotten in fraud, con
ceived in iniquity, and spraxg from tho prosti
tiitn lap ot'hungry aud unprincipled demagogues !
aspirants for oilier, without merit to place them 1
there?not uu infant indeed ! but like the Irish i
man's Jack, 4 bigger than it will over bo a^tiit.' j
It designs through its Jivpocritical appeals to the '
worst passions of the human heart, to supplant
truth, morality mid virtue, by their antagonists, J
falsehood, immorality and vicu; and thus in tho i
end to destroy tho olficiuney and glory of our j
Jtopublican institutions. This is its brief, but
fearful history?this a nation's verdict.
Although 'Americas' accniB to boast so loudly
that truth is his weapon,! tell him, (and why
need 1, for ho must already know it) that no
weapon ho could name could bo as wholly sui
cidal to his cause, as truth. Truth in his hands,
m such a ciiiuc ai ha is now fighting in, would
Lb li?t the s'ord in the hind* of tho Kins'*
fool, it would bo round to cut the wrong way,
and most surely slay it? employer. Let him at
tempt its me, and with his power of eloquence,
ho may justly be recognised the " Arnold " of
Know Nothingism. Yes, sir, this order designs
how to accomplish by force, by sophism and mis
representation, what it, as the party which now
constitutes it, wholly failed to procurc in JS52,
when thoy offered General Scott for the Presi
dcncy with the view, ns avowed by them, of
conciliating tho Catholic and Foreign voto of j
this country. Because that Gen. Scott favored
tho Catholic Church, while his wife and daugh- !
tors wore in actual membership, some of whom
had even taken tho voil { and because that he
sang so melodiously, that 'rich Irish brogue and
tweet German accent,' they supposed that there- j
by thoy could hypocritically beguilo and soduco j
tho integrity and virtuo of these people, and thus
buy them over to their support. This was the
quid pro quo they thon offered Catholics and
Foreigners for principle and moral integri ty,
but they thon repulsed tho proffered insult, and j
the party with afirmno9s and patriotism becom
ing the character of American freomcn. Then
it was, after having tendered them in exchange |
for loyalty and patriotism the greatest boon that (
hypocrisy, falsehood, fraud and chicanery could :
devise, and meeting w'itfi tho same succoss that j
his Ssfanic majesty met when ho tempted the
Saviour; that they sworo in the deepest recess
es of their hearts, that-if they could-not cajole,
seduce, nor buy the Catholio)and Foreign vote
to their support, that Ihoy should noither voto
nor hold office in this government, so help them
God?and this, aljow mo & 's?y, was the first 1
Know Nothing oatjQever taKgn in this country. :
That occasion coHt^d tho monster Knqw ifo-.j
thing. If Catholics and%orei^ners could tucrW*;
have reconciled it to their feelings, as frenmdn', [
to have been bought ovor to the 'I great Chief," j
Know Nothingism would now be naVhere. But
'Americus' now complains and gives it as an ex
cuse for Know Nothingism, that " the American
peoplo saw politicians, not only truckling for
the votes of the united Jesuit body and pretna- I
turcly citizcniied Foreigners, (whose naturaliza
tion papers they hesitatod not to forge) but they I
saw a Cabinet appointment,' the Post Office Do- 1
partment given away to a Roman Catholic, to ?e- I
cure and conciliate Jesuit favor and support?
that they saw the Custom House and police |
trusts given away to Foroigners to tho exclusion
of native-born Americans, to conciliate Foreign
favor, and secure Foreign voles." Never wero
greater falsehoods and perversions uttered, by
man. 0! truth and justice, heaven-born attri
butes, come to thine own roscuo ! and suffer not
these base perversions and foul misrepresenta
tions to have their desired.effect,-,JCJjo.P.o.stpf
Hcc given away to buy Catholic vote* I. Ha!?
What sensible man does not know better ? Who
but a Know Nothing would daro utter such base
calumnies against the character of as puro a man
as President Pierce 1 Not one. Tho American
people will require some evidence at least to
support such a declaration, especially when com
ing from a Know Nothing, known to be hostilo !
to his administration, ere they sanction it, for* |
sooth, becauso Gun. Pierce appointed a native
born American citizen, Postmaster General, and
who by the way is as competent and trustworthy
a man as could be selected for that pout, and has
made an excellent officer, ho, Campbell, is not
only to be proscribed because he happens to bo
a Catholic, but President Pierce is also to bo
proscribed because hu will not proscribe, and
that too in the face of the Constitution which he
has sworn to support, and which forbids a reli
gious test. Yes, sir, tho President in politely
called upon to perjuro himself to gratify Know
Nothings. Gen. Picrcc 6uy Catholic and Foreign
votes! nobody has over attempted to buy or
truckle for those votes but tho Scott (now Kn?w
Nothing) party of 1852, and thoy met tho rebuke
their insult merited. But it inay be contondcd
that these have now turned State's evidence, un*
dcr the cognomen ot' Know Nothings. Well, if
tliey have, then there romains none for thorn to
testify against?none to convict. Thon 1 aver
there is not a singlo syllable of evidence to sus
tain either ono of the foregoing declarations, un
less it be from tho blackest recesses of Know
Nothingism. But lo any and all such evidence I
beg leave to except.
But again lie says, "The American people
saw the munslayer, und patriot butcher Bn
diui come to tins tree land ami organize the
sccret oath-bound society of Sanjedesti."'?
Here, again, in a black inuuildo, in the sliapo
ol a charge williou t uny proof to sustain it;
ivlnlii tint farts aie, as every one must liuo'V,
only sueh us uro ileterminoil lo " Know No
tiling," tlittt Bedim came here lo settle, in
nccoiilance with u rule of their churcli, a
dispute about certain church property to
which litis Government hail, nor pretended
in have, no more ritflti or interest than in
tin- Methodist church property in Moraati
town,?it tieiiifj a dispute between different
Catholic chinches alone ; while none but tile
highest nrder of Bishops eonld settle it, un
der their rule", jusUs.uiost Protestant chur
ches do in like cases. But let us suppose, for
iirumnent sakn alone, that it is true, us he
charges, thut iiedini did eome here for the
purpose of orauuizinu' the secret oath-hound
society ol Siinfedesli, in litis free country, for
political purposes?then it is self evident
that every honest man and true patriot should
condemn the project as anti-American, and
in opposition to the spirit und Renins of A
mei:can institutions. And tor this very rea
son, every well informed ami well disposed
man should at mice condemn tliix ?ccrcl
oath-bouiul Banditti nrguu'Zation of K?ow
Nothings, avowedly organised tor political
purposes But even llioii|;li thin cluirse n
guiu.-t Hedioi was in true as it i< false, the
cry of -secret oath-bound society of Situfc
lilesti, for political purposes,'1 would cotne
with a very poor grace from Americus and
his order, for it is kii old uduue, that the ket
tie should not call the pot bluck-faeu. | Bin
led to wonder if the secret oiilh-bnnml Sun
fedesti society.il snrli u tliint! should exist
In this country, hind themselves by an oath,
nt,det tin impious und fearful penalties of
having their memories anted by I heir chil
dren and children's children as perjured trai
tors to their cnnseience, their country nod
their God : in case tltey fail or refuse, in nil
e;is?s, tu at / n promoting its members to of.
lico and power; as the secret oath-bournl
Know Nothing do? It they do, then they
should be condemned. And again, I won
der if this manslayer and patriot butcher
Bediui, or his supposed secret outh-bound
Sauledesli, ever spilled as much human
blood? ever robbed, pillaged and burned us
many churches? ur dragged a respectable
minister of the Gospel, liom his midnight
repose into the public streets, and there,
with the venom ol an infuriated mob, inflic
ted the grossest and must inhuman acts of
persouul violence and disgracu on him ? and
for the only reason that he worshipped God
according to the dictates of his conscience;
as the secret oath-bound Know Nothings
have done? If so, then surely they deserve
the severest condemnation ut the hands of a
just and magnanimous people, Gut that
they have done this none dare assert. But1
Americuscondemns his imagined Sanfedes-1
ti because of its midnight conclave and sccrcl
caucuscs. For this very reason also, all
good men condemn the Know Nothing or- j
ganizalion, for as much as they do all their:
vvork under the covert and secrecy of mid-.
night darkness, thereby, as it were, acknowl
edging u consciousness of their evil designs,
because they love darkness rather than light,
secrecy rather than open fairness. Oh con
sistency ! reinstate thyself on thy throne,.
and ciaim thine own sovereignty over the
acis of frail and erring man. Tire " Know
Nothing movement has assumed a political.
cast because political profligacy and corrup
tion require it," says Americus, and h; is go
ing to curl it Jhmiopalhically, that is, upon
the principle that like will core like, corrup-:
lion cure corruption, dog eai dog,?a pretty ?
fair admission of the character of his oider, ,
aiu't it 1 As to the specific spoken of by him :
1 have only to predict that the American
people have ill stare a specific for Know No- |
thiiigisin, lar more excellent tliun any and all
the quack specifics ol the age. "ft is se- j
met (lie says) because the caucuses and con
daces of political huokstcis were secret.''
Wluft perversion? Who over heard of a
secret oath-buund Republican caucus in this
land? Sworn, ;es impiously sworn not to
name a delegate, the place nr object of meet- j
ill", under the no less and blasphemous pen
alty jof having his memory cursed by his
children jind children's children, us a traitor I
and perfopj to Ins conscience, his country
and his Goaf I answer, nobody.-While on I
the other hand il lias always been the policy j
ot the Republican party of this country to
give timely notice through ihe Journals of;
the day (not by posting in the ninlit time a j
small piece of blank paper, as the Know j
Nothings do,) specifying the lime uud place I
and object ol Ihe meeting,?and when over
the result of its deliberations are given tc
the public. Nothing is there done in u cor-1
nor, nor ill the darkness ol midnight, but |
they meet in open day to consult together
us freemen nre wont io do. But why should .
1 labor to refute what nil know to be false ?
But again he says, (and here lies the secret).
"Kuo'w Nothitijjism opposes the Cuthnlic!
claim to a division of the spoils of ollioa,
mi the ground that they aided the election of
the successjul candidate." Just as 1 stated i
before,?just because they voted for Pierce, I
(for he is the successful candidate alluded to) j
lor the Presidency, uud would not vote for
(ienrr.il Scott, that these horror-stricken 1
Know Nothings might have gotten the spoils
of office within his gift. Iu this, Americus
lias told the truth, uud allow me to say, it is;
the only forcible truth he is guilty of in his
entiie article. Now, what does all tliia prove?
Only that while Catholics love their church,
they at the same time love their country,and
to promote their country's weal they will el
evate principles rather than a personal friend
without principles; for recollect Gen. Scott
was presented to them us a personal friend,
and bow forcibly this incident refutes the
calumny that they have any desire or design
10 grasp at the reigns of civil Government,
else whv not have voted fur Scott?
'? Against the Catholic religion, as such, 1
Know" Nothinsism wanes no crusade; but
against Ihe political aspect it has assumed,''
says this qjax of Know Noiliingism. 0 no!
don't interfere with their religion indeed !?
Only that tliev sweur, '-So help llieni God"
tliut civil death, shall be the penalty for pro
fussing it, thai is all. Von may beCatholics,
but if you do, you shall not vole nor hold of
fice iu this free country, no matter what
your merits may be. The same consolation
could have been given, with equal force and
consistency, to every Martyr lhal has ever,
suffered at the slako oil account of his re ,
liaion. Their persecutors and mimlerers
could have said, we do not wish to interfere [
with your rrliuion, but all we exact is death
at the stake in cose you do not choose to re
nounce your religion, that is all, dear Mar
tyrs. Hut this i? not only u crusade naainst
the Catholic religion, as such, but alto a
gainst the spirit and very letter of the Amer
ican Constitution. And remember that sa
cred instrument and the immortal Washing? [
ion are one and inseparable. It was he that '
presided over the Convention that framed it,
to it, and in it, his sacred honor is pledged
lor its faithlnl execution ; and it declares in
words that need not be misunderstood by any:
41 but I hit no religions test shall ever be re
quired as a qualification lor any office or pub
lic trust in this Government.' That is to
say, it shall not be required that a man shall
or shull not be a Catholic, Methodist, Bap
tist, Episcopalian or a quuker, as such quali
fication, but feimply, is ho honest and is ho
capablc lor the trout. But the Know No.
dungs swear that ihe Constitution shall not
be supreme, and that a Catholic shall not hold
otiice bceutiso that he is a Catholic. But
they not only do this in violation of the Con
stitution, but in oneu and palpable hostility
t? a venerable and tiino-liouored statute of
our own native State,-?a statute panned by
iminortal Jefferson, iu 1?85. and now stands
in as lull force anil effect as any other en
actment of our Code. Sec pngu 3(30, Code of
V.i. That statute, nmonjr things almost e
qtially pertinent to the point ut iastie. de
clares, iu words pointed ami precise. *'That
all men shall be free 10 profess, ami by argu
ment to maintain, their opinions in matters
of religion, and that the came him 11 in no
wise diminish, enlarge, or oflect their civil
cupucities." This is the doctrine of Jeffer
son and of Washington on this point, whom
the Know Nothimis hypocritically profess to
serve. Thus it will be seen at a ulance that
according to Jefferson, and the laws of the
land, menV religious opinions aro not to af
ter t, In any way, their civil o?pn
cities, that they shall uot be disfranchised
I (hereby, nor disqualified from holding office.
! But this loyal, law-loving order of Know No
things, swear thev shuTl. Here, then, this
Order occupy one side of this question, and
Washington and Jefferson and (he Constitu
tion the other. Which is right, I leave to
true and enlightened patriotism to deter
mine. But why should I dwell here longer1?
Are the Americuu people, children or men,
that they should be deceived or seduced by
the flimsy sophisms, and cowardly and base
misrepresentations and perversion* of this
anti-American order of Know Nothings,
when both the law and the evidence is so
full and complete, 60 convincing and so pun
| gent, in a word so overwhelming against ii?
Truth and Justice, Heaven's dailing attri
! butes, are against it. True American policy,
is against it. And, in conclusion, Americus j
enquires, with an apparent air of triumph,
why ho should write thus much, on thin sub-1
jeci, at this time? Well, perhaps I can tell i
him why. It may be that he honed, or sup
posed, that his name might be broucht be
fore the celebrated Know Nothing Conven
tion that assembled at Wheeling a few days
since to nominate a candidate for Congress
for this district; and in order to secure suc
cess, it might be well to inform thai body of
hi* views, and loyalty to the order, inasmucn
as when he appeared before, under the same
signature, he denied belonging to the order.
Or it may be that the recent success of the
Order in the North, hasemboldened him and
made him believe it a better hobby than ho
at first thought, and therefore lie is now not
afraid to show hi* mark. Or it may be, a
gain, that he had by some means been in
formed that his name really was before that
body for nomination, and hoping well to him
self. ho chose to publish his views in advance.
Or, lastly, it may be, indeed, that he had re
ally and officially been notified of his nomi
nation by that body, upon condition that his
views weie all right," and that this patri
otic effusion of his was moulded by him to
suit the demand. If this latter hypothesis
should prove to be true, then we can readily
account for (he general meeting of the Know
Nothings on Friday night, after his offusion
came from the Press. It- wns to determine,
in midnight conclave, whether he, Ameriuus,
"was sound ori the Goose question,'' before
they rallied upon him {heir strength. With
?vhat success that extraordinary document
there met, time alone, as 1 suppose, must
tell,?Know Nothings will not. It is insin
uated, however, by outsiders, that his pro
bation was not yet out, and that under the
circumstances it might hot be prudent or
safe to trust him, inasmuch as it is well
known that within the last 30 months, he
has entertained, and indeed advocated, very
different sentiments on this subject.
Now in conclusion, why should I have writ
ten tlius much at this time, on this, subject, the
answer is evident. 1 did it simply to vindicate
the heaven-born attributes, truth and justico;
and to expose the flimsy Kophistry, corrupt mis
representation, unblushing falsehoods and garb
led statements of the article ailudod 1 o, lost tho
unwary might thereby have been ecduccd into
its meshes. In doing this, I have not designedly
assailed the private character of any, but inas
much as it is now admitted that the Know No
things are a political organization, the character
of its members in that respect arc as vulnerable
as other political organizations, and may there
fore always bo enquired into and scrutinized by
a free people. I iiave therefore spoken plainly
and pungently in relation thereto, but not more
plainly than theUw and the facts warrant?nor
more pungently than was called forth bv the oc
casion. ' KEPUBLICANUS.
A Jolly Priest in limbo.
Last evening, a short thick-set rosy
iheeked and well dressed man was seen
rolicking around in the streets at the
lorth pait of the city, in u state of the
nost blissful "balminess," evidently from
he eflVcis of some liquid exhileration
>vhich had overcome his sob?r (acidities.
Dflicer Reed at length took him into cus
ody whereupon the prisoner declared
hat he was a Catholic priest belonging 10
Cleveland, Ohio; and begged to be saved
he disgrace of being locked up. As his
ippearance gave credence to his statement
he officer obligingly lodged him at the
lefferson House, in North street, instead of |
:aking him to the police slutiou.
During the night the priest made hit
"scapo from the lintel, and was afterwards
found in the street in a more intoxicated
itate than before and having besides lost or
been robbeil ot a valuable L'old watch.?
He was taken by officer Hill to the 2d
police slntion, "but threatened that h<^
would recover from the city "a thousand
lollars for every moment'' he was im
prisoned; kwhich raterecnning lo the time
he was brought into the Police Court and
let off with a fine of 53 and costs, would
makf him "independent*' in wealth, as lie
certainly was of all proper deportment.
In the first instance he gave his name at
Bernard Carlian, and subsequently as
Benedict Sage, hut he claimed from first
to last to be a Catholic priest.?Bmtoii
Transr.rijil.
Rui.ioioos Linnitv in* N'inv Jiciiskv.?
The Eliziibii/ilom Journal says lliut it
has been informed, lliut in cnnsequetico
of I lie Uiimuniila thieutmiitig injury to
it Protestant Church in Woodhridgc, on
Sunday last, a la'ijge parly of Americans
went from Hull way f. n- ihu purpose of
protecting it urn! the congregation wor
shiping iu ii. The occasion of the dis
turbuuee was the renunciation of l'o
pery by a young man whose lather and
friends stationed themselves at I ho
church door, wilh the avowed intention
of taking his lifu if he entered ibo
church. They aliorwnrds waylaid him
and would probably have murdered liiin
but for the protection givun liira by tho
Amai'icuns.
An Indian meal poultice covered with
ynnng hyson lea softened in hot water,
will take ih? pain out of bums and scalds
and prevent blisters from raising, if applied
in
?
* ^
I POETRY. |
MY OLD STRAW HAT.
Farewell, old friend, wo part at last,
Fruits, flowers, and summer all are past
And when the bcncli leaves bid adieu,
| My old straw hat must vanish too.
j We've been together many an hour,
In grassy dell and garden bower,
And plait the ribbon, scorched and torn,
Proclaim how well thou host been worn,
We've had a time, gay, bright and long,
So let me sing u grateful song,
And if one bay-leaf laity to, me,
I'll stick it firm and fast in thee,
My old straw hat.
The flapping shade and flying strings,
Arc worth a thousand close.ticd things,
I love thy easy fitting crown,
Thrust lightly buck, or slouching down, .
1 cannot brook a muflled ear,
When lark and blackbirds whistle near,
And dearly like to meet and seek
Tlio fresh winds with unguarding check,
Tossld in a trco thou'lt hear no harm,
Flung on the sod thou'lt lose no charm,
Like many a real friend on carlli,
Hough usage only proves thy worth,
My old straw hat.
My old straw hat, my concienco tell*
Thou hast bct^hung with Folly's bells,
Yet Folly rings a pleasant chime,
If the roguo will but "mind his time,"
And not come jingling on the way
When sober minstrols out to play,
For oft when eyes and heart are light,
Old Wisdom should keep out of sight.
But now the rustic bcnch is left,
And trees of every Icof bereft,
And merry Voices all are still,
That welcomed to the well-known hill
My old straw hat.
Farewell, old friend! thy work is done,
The misty clouds shut out the sun;
The grapes arc pluck'd,the hop* aro off,
Tho woods ure starks and I must d ft"
My old straw hat?but "hide a wee,"
Fair skies we've seen, but we may see
Skies full as fair as those of yore,
And then we'll wander forth o'ncp more.
Farewell, till drooping harebells blow,
And violets stud tha warin hcdge.row?
Farewell, till daises deck the plain,
^ ' Farpwcll, till spring daj^comcjjgain-?.. ,u;
My old straw.hut.
"THF PRATER ON BUNKER KILL".
("During the battle of Bunker Hill, a venerable
clergyman knelt on tho field, with hands uprais
ed, and grey head uncovered, and, while the bul
let* whisteled around him, prayed for thu success
of his compatriots, and the deliverance of his
country.)
"It was an hour of fear and dread,?
High rose tho battle cry,
And round, in heavy volumes, spread
The war-cloud to the sky.
'Twas not, as when in rival strength
Contending nations meet,
Or love of conquest madly hurls
A monarch from his seat:
"Yet ono was there, unused to tread
Tho path of mortal strife,
Who but the Savior's flock had fed
Beside tho fount of lite
lie knelt him where the black smoke wrcath'd
His head was bowed and bare,
While forun infant land, he breathed
The agony of prayer.
"The column, red with early morn,
Muy tower o'er Bunker's height,
Ami proudly tell a race unborn
Their patriot fathers might;?
But thou, 0 patriarch, old and grey,
Thou prophet ol the free,
Who knelt nmong tho"clcad that day,
What fame shall rise to the?
L,
' "It is not meet that brass or stone
Which feel tho touch of time,
.Should keep tho record of a faith
That woke thy deed sublime:
We traco it on a tablet fair,
Which glows when stars wax pale
A promise that the good man's prayer \
Shall with his God prevail."
FIRST SABBATH-SCHOOL IN VIRGINIA.
It was our good fortuno while in
Richmond, not long since. to lionr a!
statement ?if tlio interesting circumstan- j
ces under which ibis school was. origi
nated. We deem ii a note-worthy event,!
highly honorable to its originator, and |
immensely beneficial to the neighbor
hood of iis location. If the acts of]
statesmen, and the fume'of warriors are
entitled to conspicuous plncos on the
pages of history, wo think the endeavor
of Major Shead to instruct the rising
generation around him, as well as un
taught adults in the elements of knowl
edge, should bo embalmed in the mem
ories of all lovers of education and
Bound morals.
The first Sabbath School in Virginia
was organized on the necbnd Sabbath
in April, 1S1G, in the county of Hano
ver, in the Baptist meeting-house, known
by the name of Ground Sqjiirrel, by
Major Jesse Snead, then a young man
'belonging to no church, but now the
senior donjon of the Second TJuprisi
church in Richmond, Virginia, of-winch
Dr. It. 1>. t\ Tl iwell ia the pifyldr. It
will bo remembered that the county of
Hanover was tho birll,-place of Patrick
Henry, Thomas Nelson anil Homy
Clny; and iliu place where the school
bad its origin, was within two miles of
the binli-place of the first limned of
those distinguished peraotiugoa.
I ho circumstances which led to tho
organization of this Sabbath school
wore as follows:
In tho early part of that year, IS16,
Mr. Snead came in possession of a tract
which gave an accrtuut of a Sabbath
school which bad boon founded in Lon
don by the philanthropic Robert IUkes.
1 hat tract, ho says, mad? a deep im
pression on his mind, and suggested the
idea that such an institutiiiii^might be
inrido very advantageous to the people
of his neighborhood, many of whom,
with their children, were unacquainted
with the Inters of tho English alphabet.
Mr. Snead being n young man, only in
hi? 22d year,and a school teacher in his
native county, naturally felt a desire for
the improvement and intellectual eleva
tion of his neighbors; and it occurred
to him that if Hakes' plan of instruc
tion could he put into., practice, there
need not, necessarily, ho a man or wo
man among them who might not learn
to read and write. He was at that time
teaching a school. nn the farm on which
1 at rick Henry was born and raised,
and in addition to his weekly duties, he
resolved on assuming new ones on tho
Sabbath, provided certain persons would
agree to his propositions, and second
his efforts- Accordingly at tho April
muster of tho militia company, com
manded by Captain (since Colonel)
Charles P. Goodall, Mr. Snead request
ed that tho mon be fi.rmed into a hol
low square, which having been done, he
informed iho company of what Rakes
was doing in London to promote popu
lar education, and then gave an invita
tion to as many as might fee! disposed)
to meet him on tho next morning, which i
would he tho Sabbath, at the "Ground !
Squirrel meeting-house, and bring their
children with them, with the design of I
organizing and conducting a Sabbath
school, stating also that adults, us well,
as minors, who wished to learn to repd
and wiitp, would be taught free of
charge. The proposal met with geiier-'
al favbi^ and on the next day, at the
timb ap'poiuted. the WlUih Kf Sati/rdaV
were busily 'engaged in devising'ways'
and means to establish and perpetuate'
the novel institution of a Sabbath school.'
All they did on that day was to adopt1
a constitution, appoint officers, consist-,
ing of n piosident, lour lico president,.,
a secietory and a treasurer, urn) s,ib
si-iibo funds for the purc;hase of hooks
and s'ajioiiery. Tho books, &c? were
loiihcumiiig on tlm next Suhbaih, and
the first Subhath school nj Virginia
went into operation.
Col. Charles I1. Goodall, then cap
tain of that militia company, who is
"'ill living, was made the President of
iluit school, and, doubtless, ran testify
to ilie facts above slated. The school
continued in successful operation till the
followingNovember, when it was sus
pended till tho opening of Spring, at
which time it was recommenced with
increased interest, and thus kept up lill
the year IS3C, a period of 20 years,
when all il/e original teachers had lelt
tho neighborhood. It is confidently as
sorted that there was not (in lS3(i) a
white child or young person wiihiii live
miles of that place, having availed ihcm
selves of the opportunity, iliat was un
able to read tho Bible. Two of tho
pupils having located in the far west,
subsequently wrote to Mr. Snead, ex
pressing their thanks and warmest grat
itude lor I be benefits of that Sabbath
school. They said it was the only ed
ucation they hail over received, and yet
it quulitieil them for business, and by
means ot' it they weio doing wull in the'
world.
Mr. Snead opened a second school of'
ilie kiwl^ ut the Deep Run (Baptist) j
church, ill the year ISIS, |? which he I
devoted half ot bis Sabbaths, givin,r|
iho-Other half to the Ground Squirreli
meeting-house. The average nlteiid
unco of this second school, iucludiu"
iitlulls and children was about fifty.?
This was n large attendance li.r the
?mntry, at that time. This school was
kept up far several years.
Thu liisfciry of these two Sabbath
schools is interestingly suggestive :
1. It shows what a train of moral,
ciluciilionul anil religious influences may
be originated by only nne man. For
example : llakos io London, and Snead
in Virginia.
2. Wo learn from them the effective
power of those little preachers, called
tracts.
iJ. That well disposeS moral young
men, though, not members of iho church
may yet do pood in the Sabbath school.
Mr. Snead did not embrace religion, nor
connect wiih the cVrurelMll
1 S31 ?
5. Tlint Siililnilli bclionla, us mere ml
ucatioiiiil ini'litutiiititi, iiio incalculably
Imtwlii'iul, Thin waa'cnnlVineil by ill'.
Siifliiil'j uvo pupils, wim wrvtu lu.liiro
tVom.lliowosi.
^Jhinr-wtJ Foreign Journal.
Editorial Life in Nebraska.
We would like to kbtfw what "Knight
of the quill" could r??d- the following
without envying the editor of t)ie "Om?.
ha Arrow," th? rural delights of his se
questered avocation among the turkeys
and the niits. ? *.f !
" Woodman ipire UnUtoe^i?
Aud let tlioio turkojri Q?,
Till we got tliore'to see,
The " Xttw"'lea<B i
? v" '
our sanctum'X&viN.
Again we write, in our sanctum,though
not us at first upon the stump of our fust
fallen tree. Our cabin in partially reared
and near it we have selected a shady tret)
from whole bough we hove inferwoven
a cnol, airy, and delightful bower. A
rustic seat formed ot poles with the green
sol'Ugrasa for a cushion and ar. umbiageous
limb as a table upon ,which our port lolio
rests. We have been out scrambling
through the bushes to gather some of thu
delicious and juicy plums that grow in
wild profusion around tis. Iho rcverlie
rating echoes of the axe of the. distant
squatter, mingled with the noontide an.
them of a wildWood warbler falls upon
our ear as the sound of merry music. In
the distance upon the river we see the ap
proach of the noisy steamer, disturbing
natures lovely seclusion: withfits clicking
machinery and cloudsof sleam and iihdk.!;
whilst in the background tmokes the.gjeut
camp fire over which broils a brare of
quails and a plump duck lor our mid day
meal. Our rude buffalo hijmnspct hangs
hi<rh over our head in the branches of the
tree, a safe retreat from the s^g bite of.
ihe musquitoes, which at evening stvprm
in great abundance. The tudb viiligeo;'
the Omaha, with a few acres of luxirrous'
maize and either vegetables siand'U?tlm'
skirt ol" the timber Tar away to the. west
ward, upon the banks ol a clear, pure
stream of nature's choicest beverage.?;
Those sturdy' sons ol the prairie for^t.
have just returned fr,orn,t|ie;sumnierh\itit,
to see what their Great Father at W ?sh
inl"(on has sent tlum. They look sorrow
ful and cast down, for they are soon to
leave the lands and the grav es of their
forefathers forever to sojourn and leave
their children upon the land selected for
them bv the pale faces, whilst the Saxijn.
race siiull; plough up the very graves df
their dearest kindred and leav* their bones
to bleach, upon the sur.loce oCvthe lertile,
soil,. Even'now the testjve .white man
has reared his claim c?oin.i upon rtlyi^ery^
site of the last village., of these pnort'lho'
noble and fast fading savages. They anx
iously iiwait the stipulated payments from
our government; soon after which they
will'bid adieu-to these plessant lands.?
All hour later. We have just returned
from a chase after a flock of wild tuikevs.
that had the impudence to invade our
sanctum, and we have cruelly punished ?
them by taking one ol their number lor a
quiet squatter supper. The other halt
score took wing and away to the thick fo
liage, choosing to take their turn upon
our rude wooden spit, at a future time, .
to which terms we manfully agreed, and'-'
returned with enough for the present.?
A fine hickory tree that is a near neigh
bor to our sanctum is bountifully loaded
down with the rich choice nut which that
tree produces. Nor is it alone, lor with
in the range of our eye we see many iol
the kind in like manner with drooping
houghs from the weight of fruit. Our
cook sounds the nlarm whistle lor dinnei,
and we hasten to devour the dainty tnor
sel for which our sharpened appetites aro
well prepared irom the labor and raiubleti
of the lore-part of the day.
Come forth from the eu?t and south, ye
dainty, idling dyspeptic?; like a blanket
and bed, and board with us, and by .de
grees accustom yourself to follow us in
labor, and in three months we will nun
you out a hale and healthy maqrwit|) a
good.claim in Nebraska, and,a cabin,|f|.r
the winter.
On Friday evening tiieSOih inst.,nfter
our. paper went to press, there yver?,Lwvi
deaths from cholera! Viz: Miss Robettca
Hutchinson; and Monti Lyle, colored.?
On Saturday, J()hii'Snowdoal'H child;
I and on Sunday, Mr?i Mnria Gonper.?
Since then we have not heard afa caso
of-cholera in the place, ami the-general
I health is improved?iityn
In Butler county, Ohio, two fneVeu
tered into a wager us to which could '
drink the largest quantity ol whiskey.
One of them drunk a gallon and hnljVu
pint of the raw liquor and died about,
fifteen, minutes after taking the lat>c
draught.
The Courier and Enquirer say* that
since the 1st of Januir-v last, eighty new
I.last furnace? has w&?' put into afiTatiou <
In Peniiiylv&ttia.
. '|r
?2?* If MJti'imjs'bo tlfo i'liiit'of all evif,
then matrimony ii^otidTorsoniHhing,
for it'sets tfifhy a nuW mail to woik.~*
WW.
TV mail winVwj.i'pictMw of impair'
ha? been nil^n a 's-rio'i^ Irvine of iniud
and hung?in lUe back parlor:
I . -. . '? ? ? 'V
I 1rlw*;jw<?,'in tflM) ? more\Nn 3S,000
|thurdiv-t m Ihctltiit'cil S't

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