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The new dominion. [volume] (Morgantown, W. Va.) 1876-1904, September 01, 1883, Image 1

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Tww little she knew of the sweet green grmss.
With its wonderful wealth of clover,
Which, far outside of the city’s walls.
Was spreading the broad Helds over.!
Yet blue her eyes as the summer skies.
Ami as sunny her tangled hair
Ihs the goldenest sunbe am ever sent
To lie on the earth so fair.
What wonder she opened her blue eyes wide
When she learned, one happy day.
That she and many a child beside
WTere to travel far away,
•‘To the fairy place where daisies grew.
And the streets were soft and green,”
And her little heart o'ertiowed for joy
Of the glad things yet unseen.
Old Farmer Jones on the platform stood
When the train came in at last.
And the little “waif* who was sent to him
He clasped In his strong arms fast.
••For it's never a chick nor a child have I/*
Said he to the agent then,
“An’ Just as true as the heavens are blue
I’ll be good to this gal. Amen!”
And he bore her home to the shady 'arm.
And he “turned her out to grasa, '
As he merrily said And the sun and broese
Made free with the little lass.
And kissed her cheeks til! they blushed as red
As the reddest rose that grew,
And innocent mischief peeped from out
The once sad eyes of blue.
“Dear friend,” says a letter from Farmer
“There s no two ways about it.
This farm’s got used to the wee gal’s laugh.
An’, in fact, can’t thrive without it.
Why, bless your soul! it would do ye good
To watch the chick each day
A-tlimin' the old place upside down
Along of her happy play.
••An’ me an’ my wife we don’t see how
There’s anything else to do
But just bold on the leetle gal,
If it’s all the same to you.
An’ 1 recItMt the blessed child that lives
With the angels in the skies
Won’t mind if the little new one stays
To wipe the tears from our eyes.
“An' the mother this gal has lost will find
My pet in the angel land.
An’make no doubt but they’ll l>oth be glad
As they watch us, hand in hand.
So, now, whatever there is to do.
Just write it fur me to sign,
An’ God's blessin’ rest on the ‘Fresh-Air
Your work as well as mine.”
—Mary D. Brine, in Harper's Young Patple,
' Cholera has undoubtedly become
epidemic in Egypt, and that unfortu
nate country is threatened with a fate
that recalls the result of other plagues
more or less famous in history, though
none of them exceeds in antiquity or
dramatic interest those of which an ac
count is given in the iirst portion of the
•book of Exodus, and that preceded the
deliverance of the chosen people from
the cruel oppression of Pharaoh. The
punishment visited upon the sacrilegious
men of Bethshemesh who opened the
ark of the covenant and were smitten
by a plague which killed 50,000 of
them, and the mysterious manifestation
of Divine wrath when Sennacherib's
mighty host of 185,000 men was slaugh
tered one night for the deliverance of
Israel and in answer to the prayers of
|)ious King Iiezekiah, may be included
in the Scriptural mention of plagues.
Plagues and pestilence have often
visited the East within the period
covered by authentic records, ami
doubtless they were familiar to the
■people of that section ages before their
ravages found a chronicler.
The plague itself has a recognized
place in pathology, and distinct pe
culiarities not found in other ailments,
though the general term plague is ap
plieilto various diseases that become
epidemic. True plague, which origi
nates in the hot eastern countries, is a
■high contagious fever accompanied by
.painful eruptions, and it has sometimes
raged with awful .effect over the whole
area of Europe. Perhaps the worst
visitation was in the fourteenth century,
when the oriental plague, known by the
ominous and terrifying name of “black
death,” swept over that continent,
carrying off the people by thousands.
At various times since it has reap
F.eared, though in less virulent form.
ts last appearance in England in
epidemic form was in 1065, and pre
vious to that year, according to relia
ble authority,’ it had visited the country
at regular periods of thirty to forty
years. But though England was freed
from it, the malady frequently scourged
other parts of Europe. Marseilles in
1720 lost 60,000 lives by it. In 1771
and 1772 Moscow suffered to a terrible
extent, and the latest authenticated
Sresence of the true plague was in
faples in 1815 and 1816, when great
numbers of the people died. Other
maladies, similar in their nature but
differing in various features, have been
pronounced plagues and have at times
worked dreadful havoc among the resi
dents of the East and portions of Eu
rope, and outbreaks of fatal and vio
lent pestilence in Russia, Poland, Hun
gary and other countries where there
arc large uiaoses ui liupuvermueu p»*o
pie living in poverty and filth are not
yet uncommon. As a rule, these dis
eases gain a foothold only where the
'habits of the people and disregard of
sanitary conditions are such as to en
courage them, and beyond question the
large degree to which England, France
and other countries have been exempt
from their visitations is due to advance
in personal and official ideas of cleanli
ness and sanitation, added to better
knowledge of the true nature of the
diseases and more intelligent action in
treating them by physicians.
To return to a recital of the more
noted of epidemics that have spread
suffering and death over the world, we
find brief mention by Petavius of a
“general plague” in 767 B. C. The
details seem to have been lost in the
mists of antiquity. One of the earliest
•of these plagues occurred in Carthage
B. C. 684, which was so terrible that
the pagan people sacrificed their chil
dren to the gods in the vain hope of ap
peasing the fierce wrath of the offended
deities. At Rome in 458 B. C., a “deso
lating plague” prevailed. Thucydides
describes a devastating plague that
originated in Athens 480 B. C., and
spread thence to Egypt and Ethiopia,
reversing the usual order of march.
Another plague raged in the Greek
islands, Egypt and Syria in 187 B. C,,
and destroyed 2,000 persons a day.
As we advance along the centuries of
the Christian era we find numerous
records of plagues and pestilence. At
Rome in 80 there was a “most awful
plague;” 10,000*persans perished every
aay. Similar epidemics ravaged, the
empire in the years 167, 169 and 189.
From 260 to 260 there were awful pes
tilences. For some time 5,000 persons
died daily in Rome alone, ana whole
towus in the empire were depopulated.
In Britain in 430 a plagne swept away
such multitudes that “the living were
hardly sufficient to bury the dead.” A
long-continued and dreadful plague be
gan in Europe in 658. and subsequently
extended all over Asia and what was
then knowu of Africa. 'luring the
years 746-9 Constantinople lost 200,000
of its population, and the pestilence
devastated Calabria, Sicily and Greece.
At Chichester, England, in 772, 34,000,
people died, and in 96i Scotland lost
40,(XX) people. There was a plague in
London in 962, and great mortality
from the same cause in 1094. Ireland,
was sorely visited in 1095; in 1172,
when King Henry II. was forced to
leave the country; in 1204, when a pro
digious number perished and in 1348-9.
In 1111 the plague in London extended
to cattle, fowls and other domestic
The “black death” ravaged Italy in'
1310, and the plague of 1348-9, general
in Europe, was one of the most mem
orable on record. Its effects in Flor
ence were described by Boccaccio in
what will live as a part of immortal
literature. Britain and Ireland suf
fered terribly, and in London alone 200
persons were buried daily in Charter
house yard. In London and Paris a
dreadful mortality prevailed in 1361-62,
in 1367 and 1369. In Ireland there was
pestilence in 1370, and a still worse
one, called the fourth groat plague, in
1383. In 1407 London lost 30,000 citi
zens. Another pest ilence, superinduced
by famine, visited Ireland in‘1460, when
great numbers died, and Dublin was
wasted by plague in 1470. An “awful
pestilence” ravaged Oxford in 1471,
and throughout England, in 1478, a
plague “destroyed more people than
the continual wars of the fifteen pre
ceding years.” The “sweating sick
ness” was very fatal in London m 1485,
dreadful that Henry VII. and his.court
tied to Calais for safety. The sweating
fxekness, which was fatal in three
hours, occurred In London in 1506 ami
again in 1517. In most of the towns
half the people died, and Oxford was
depopulated. In 1622 thousands were
swept away in Limerick. The sweat
ing sickness revisited England in 1528
and again in 1551. In 1603-4, 30,578
people perished of plague in London.
Constantinople again lost 200,000 peo
ple in 1611. In 1625 London lost 35,
417 inhabitants. In 1632 Lyons lost
IX),000. . In 1636, 400,000 people died at
Naples in six months. In 1664 Lon
don's great plague took off 68,596 in
habitants; some say ltXt.OOO. One of
the most awful plagues that ever raged
prevailed in Syria in 1760. In 1773,
80,000 inhabitants of Bossora. Persia,
died of plague. In 1792, 800,000 per
sons died of plague in Egypt. In Bar
bary 3,000 persons died daily, and in
1799, 217,0(>O people perished at Fez,
and epidemics called plagues raged in
various parts of the East in 1800, 1840
and 1873; there were many deaths in
Bagdad in 1876. There was an epi
demic fever of great fatality at Gibral
tar in 1828.
Cholera was described by Garcia del
Huento, a physician of Goa, Portugal,
about 1560, though comparatively little
was known of it until the present cen
tury. It became epidemic in Bengal in
1817, and gradually spread until it
reached Russia in 1830 and Germany in
1831, car lying off more than 900,000
persons in the meantime. Asiatic
cholera first appeared in England at
Sunderland. October 26, 1831, and in
North America at Quebec, June 8, 1832,
and in New York, June 22, 1832. It
revisited the United States in 1831,
slightly in 1849, severely in 1865, anil
again lightly in 1866-7. In 1818-9, 53,
293 people died of it in England and
Wales, and in 1854 those countries lost
20,097 and Naples 10,000 persons. In
1865, 50,000 people died of cholera at
Constantinople. As will he seen, the
United States has been relatively free
from pestilence and plague, and in no
case has it suffered from epidemics in
digenous to its soil. Yellow fever has
at times been a terrible visitor, and its
awful efieets in 1878 will not be forgot
ten. But in that case as in every pre
vious one, the contagion was introduced
from the West Indies. At its worst,
however, yellow fever never approached
the plagues of the old world in direful
power. The largest number of deaths
ever recorded in the United States from
this cause was 14.809, in 1878. Yellow
fever first appeared in this country at
Philadelphia in 1699, when it wrought
great havoc. It has frequently ap
peared in various cities since, and in
1793 carried off several thousand vic
tims in Philadelphia. It scourged New
York in 1791, Norfolk and Portsmouth,
Va., in 1855, Wilmington, N. C., in
1862, Savannah in 1876, and sporadic
cases on shipboard and shore are of
common occurrence in the heated sea
son, when persons come in contact with
the germs of the disease, transported
from its tropical birthplace. — Troy (N.
¥.) Times.
The Lion and the Convention.
A Lion who had long reigned with
supreme power over the Forest, one day
called a convention of all the beasts and
announced his intention of abdicating.
"I am growing old and feeble, and I
must soon pass away,” he argued. “All
tilings considered it is better that my
successor be nominated and installed
while I am living to give him the bene
fits of my experience and advice.”
There was general joy among the
Beasts, for the Lion had lorded it after
his own fashion. The Elephant was
squinting around, the Rhinosceros was
pushing his nose into the crowd, and
the Giraffe was doing a heap of think
ing way down his throat when the Lion
“After serious reflection and solemn
consideration I have decided that my
own son shtijl succeed me. The office'
will not only be kept in the family, but
the family will be kept in office. There
being no further business before the
meeting we will adjourn.”
“But why the need of this conven
tion?” protested the Rhinosceros.
“Well, there wasn’t any particular
need of it,” replied the Lion, “but it is
customary to call one in order to collect
the expenses of nomination. Brother
Giraffe, pass the hat!”
“Attend the primaries!”—Detroit Fret
Quaker fIty Cats.
Three little girls, none of them over
ten years of age, each clasping a half
grown kitten in her arms, stood on the
corner of Thirteenth and Lombard
Streets, yesterday afternoon, says the
Philadelphia Record and held a brief
“I think it’s real mean we have to
have ’em killed," said one, giving her
furry little charge a fond caress. “Let's
take ’em home again and bog some
“Iso; there s no use. Mamma says
they must be killed, and we had better
hurry up and pet home again. Como
on,” replied another; am) she led the
way to No. 1,242 Lombard Street,
where all three ascended the steps, and
one of the younpsters rang the bell.
It was promptly answered by a man.
“Is this where they kill eats?” said
the little girl who had spoken last
“Yes,” replied the man.
“Well, here’s three. Please kill
them, but don't hurt them a bit; now,
mind," and the trio ruefully handed
over the three kittens and trotted away.
Attracted by the scene, a Hi rord re
porter followed the man into the house
to learn the fate of the unfortunate
kittens. They were taken out, into a
side yard, tilled up with a number of
pens and cages, and thrust into one of
the latter, through the grating of which
could be seen about twenty-live other
felines of all sizes, conditions and
styles, from tiny motherless orphans,
like the new arrivals, to the hardeued
and utterly depraved masculine mon
sters that are wont to prowl about after
dark upon the streets and back-build
ings and make night hideous with their
brawls. “How many do you usually
get in a week?” asked the scribe, “<),
anywhere from 250 to 500,” was the
reply. “Last month I killed 1,180
cats and 159 dogs here, and I suppose
all the summer months will average
that high.” The speaker was Mr. John
<1. West, agent of the woman's branch
of the City Refuge for Lost and Suffer
ing Animals. Continuing, ho said :
“Very few people have any idea of the
work done here. The cats are brought
from all over the city, and, be
sides that, we get letters every
day asking us to call for cats, some
times way out in West Philadelphia
or up the Kensington and Richmond.
What’s more, we go after them, and,
would you believe it. some of the people
whosend for us all that distance refused
to pay even our car fare. Others give
us a quarter or lifty cents, but not
many. We give the cats all they want
to cat while they are alive, but they
don't have long to enjoy themselves,
for every Wednesday ana Saturday all
that are on hand are killed by being
suffocated with charcoal gas. After
they are killed they are carted away by
people who use their skins or sell them
to tliose who can use them.” The record
of the year 1552 shows that during that
time 7,151 cats were taken to the refuge,
most of them so sick or otherwise un
desirable that it was the truest kind
ness to put them to a merciful death.
Another department of the refuge,
and one that helps to support it is the
boarding of pet eats during the sum
mer months, while their owners aro
away. There were more than seventy
of these pampered pussies enjoying the
delights of the establishment. The
quarters provided for them include a
large pen in the yard, with a number
of wine shelves running around the
four sides, and a little grass plat in the
center. "Leading up from this lower
pen a covered box runs to the second
story porch of the house, which is so
fitted up with shelves and has plenty of
ventilation through large windows cov
ered with wire netting, while higher is
a third cage which can be used when
the number of boarders become unusu
ally large. To a lover of cats a visit to
this department will be a source of
much pleasure for the display of felines
is really very good and includes some
remarkably tine specimens. Most of
the boarders atSMjleek an,{ fat, and are
strong contrasts to their unfortunate
kindred in the adjoining pen, whose
general appearance speaks of a meagre
bill of faro and hard times. The
boarders live very amicably together
and indulge in but few fights, spending
most of their time asleep on the shelves.
They are fed three times a day, their
menu being made up of raw meat,
liver, milk and fish, and one handsome
tabby lives on an exclusive diet of raw
oysters and unskimmed milk, her
luxurious fare being paid for at an ad
vance over the regular rates of titty
cents a week.
Hands and Feet.
To make the finger-nails strong and
long, take the yelk of a hard boiled egg
and two drachms of pure white wax,
melt the wax and add a few drops of
almond oil to it, then mix in the yelk
of the egg until the paste is made. " Pot
the paste, and rub the nails every night
with it, of course wearing gloves. This
will make the nails strong and pliable
at the same time. To make them soft,
if they are too brittle, rub them with
cold cream and wear gloves. For chil
blains on the hands or feet, here is a
most excellent receipt from the pen of
a celebrated Parisian doctor, which will
be found to succeed ajler a few applica
tions: Take a piece of alum, about the
size of a nut, and melt it in enough hot
water to cover the hands. When the
alum is melted, soak your hands in the
liquid for nearly a quarter of an hour;
then cover your hands at once with
gloves, which you keep on all night,
and as long as you can during the day.
Repeat this morning and night. The
best soap for the hands is almond soap.
Always select a white soap, as colors
are sometimes dangerous. You may
make your own almond soap by meltiiSg
a piece of curd soap, adding the same
quantity of powdered almonds to it;
and if you also put a teaspoonful of bis
muth, mixing the whole well together,
you have a soap and cosmetic all in one.
Another excellent hand soap may be
made by melting a piece of white curd
soap, adding the same quantity of glycer
ine. Mix well together, then add a
similar quantity of powdered almonds,
honey and almond oil .-^Prairie Farmer.
—Round-up is the name of a new
post-office on theMuscleshell, Montana,
—Northern philanthropists have given
more than $25,000,000 to the South for
educational uses since the war.—.V, T.
—Ex-President Wright, of the North
ern Pacitio Kail road, has given $100,000
for the establishment of a boys' ami
girls' college at Tacoma. W. T. ’
—More than 176 pupils have entered
for the fall term of the Methodist Acad
emy at Montpelier, and it has received
another giftof $100,000.—Rutland (VI.)
—In all parts of India preaching in
the public squares has beeu practiced
largely by Christian missionaries, and
they aro now imitated by both Hindu
and Mohammedan priests.
—The Palestine Exploration fund is
reported to have recovered from a Be
douin tribe east of the Jordan pieces of
skin containing portions of Deuterono
my and the commandments, made about
eight hundred years before Christ.
—Archbishop Bourget, who,is now
completing his fortv-sixth vear in
charge of the see of Montreal, is ninety
years old and still strong and vigorous,
lie is the oldest wearer of the mitre in
America and has only' two seniors in
the world.— The Advance.
—General A. G. P. Dodge has given
$7,500 for the cause of education in
Breathitt County, Ky., $8,000 to be
used in building an Academy in Jack
son, the county seat, and $4,600 in aid
ing meritorious young men in obtaining
an education. Other citizens of the
town are to contribute to the building
—The statistics of the United Brethren
Church for the past year are given in
t he Year Jiook, just published, as fid
lows: Number of churches, 4,468, being
an increase of 63; members, 159,547,
being an increase of 1835; local preach
ers, 963; itinerants, 1,257; number of
meeting-houses, 8,322; parsonages, 889;
'Sunday-schools, 8,1st); Sunday-school
teachers, 25,690; scholars, 166,743; con
versions in the Sunday-schools, 4,465;
Sunday-school contributions, $53,247;
value of church property, $2,974,313.
Total contributions, $811,209.12.
—Rijutel, a Corean nobleman, has
.embraced Christianity. During the re
bellion in Corea a year ago lie saved
the Queen’s life, ami the King offered to
reward him with any rank or honor which
he might, aspire to. His reply was:' “I
only ask to tie permitted to go to Japan
in order that i may sec and study the
civilization of other lands.” While in
Japan lie called upon a Christian Jap
anese, to whom a former Coroan Am
bassador had recommended him, for
the purpose of acquainting himself with
thft claims and olyects of Christianity.
Ho was deeply impressed, his interest
ripened into conviction, and before long
lie was baptized into the Christian faith.
—Chicago News.
—There is too much brass on the full
naval uniform. Wit h no navy to speak
of, its officers should look modest.—
N. O. Picayune.
—“Just my luek,” moaned a Phila
delphia man. “Here I’ve been paying
heavy premiums on a life insurance
policy for twenty years aud I'm not
dead yet.”—Philadelphia Record.
—In passing sentence on two rogues,
Philip of Maeedon ordered one to
leave Macedonia with all speed, and the
other to try to catch him.
—“Stop trying to kiss me,” cried a
(pretty girl to her bashful beau. *“I ain’t
kissing you,” said he. “Well, ain’t
[you going too,” she askod. He ran
away like a frightened dear.—Pableb
of Anoient Greece.
—One of the sable philosophers of
the Detroit Free Press Lime Klin Club
isays: “Remember dat you can't judge
of de home happiness of man an’ wife
by seem’ dem at a Sunday-skule pic
—Theodore Hook, after having been
frightfully crammed at an Aldcrmanic
feed, being asked to be helped again,
replied, “No, thank you, I don’t want
any more, but I will take the rest in
money, if you please.”
—Prof. Scheie de Vere says that the
sherry cobbler was known in England
long before it was revived in this coun
try. Next thing we know John Bull
will be claiming priority of invention
in pumpkin pie, dyspepsia and tobacco
chewing—those three grandest achieve
ments of the Yankee nation.—Roston
—“See here, sir, exclaimed a grocer,
bristling up with righteous indignation
as the milkman made his morning call,
“I should just like you to explain how
the chalk and white clay that I found
in my coffee-cup this morning got
there.” “Don’t know, I’m sure, said
the milkman, “unless you sweetened
your coffee with the same sugar you
sold me yesterday.”—Chicago Tribune.
—Those Philadelphia juveniles who
are sad and disheartened because of the
prohibition of the fireworks features of
Independence Day, no doubt think civ
ilization is a failure; but the announce
ment that the revision of the Old Testa
ment will be completed this year will
go far toward toning down their disap
pointment and making them think life
is worth living.—Norristown Herald.
—“I assure you, gentleman,” said a
convict upon entering the prison, “the
Slace has sought me, and not I the place.
[y own affairs really demand all my
time and attention, and I may truly say
that my selection to fill this position was
an entire surprise. Had I consulted my
own interests I should have peremptor
ily declined to serve, but as I am in the
hands of my friends I see no other course
but to submit.” And he submitted.—
N. Y. Graphic.
—A Tombs lawyer, says the New York
World, has been endeavoring all the
week to get his client out of durance
vile. Saturday he walked into the
Tombs and sent for his client. His face
was as smiling as the historical basket
of chips. “Its all right!” said the law
yer, grasping his client’s hand. “YesP”
ejaculated the client, brightening up.,
“Yes, everything’s fixed.” “How?”
“I can get you out on a habeas corpus. ”
And then the client's face lengthened
as he replied: “Can’t be done. Wouldn’t!
dare to try it My cell’s on the third
tier and the darned thing might break.”
Milking Money at the New Orleans Mint.
If you go into the mint at New Or
leans, as you certainly will if you visit
the city, yon will fin'd a guard in tlui
rotunda to receive visitors. The .lames
Brothers might have penetrated that Car
easy enough, but they could not have
gone further. The barred gates rising
up between the visitor and Uncle Sam's
store of silver dollars havo a State prison
look, and one is put on his good be
havior at once.
When your credentials are pronounced
all right and the gates unlocked to you,
you are ushered into the receiving and
weighing room. Silver bullion is corded
up on all sides, and is being handled
with as much contempt as tho briok
carrier loads his hod. A bar of bullion
looks exactly like a bar of plumber’s
solder, and when von arc about to pick
up and walk off with one of the bars you
suddenly change your mind.
In this room are the most perfect pair
of large scales in America. They weigh
up to 10,000 ounces, Troy weight, and
arc so delicate that a crumb weighing
the five-hundredth part of an ounce will
drop the bar. Alt tho silver received is
weighed upon these scales, and they are
looked upon by the general visitor as
one of the sights of the institution.
All tho bullion first goes to the melt
ing department and is melted, alloyed
and run into ingots of standard fineness,
which means 900 parts of silver and 100
parts of copper. The copper is put in
to harden it, and without this alloy there
would be a great loss by natural “weal
and tear.” There is a new assay after
melting, and this assay must prove that
the composition is exact and correct.
Tho loss of even thfi three-hundredth
part of an ounce bet ween the weighing
and the melting rooms must bo ac
counted for.
After the assay the iinrots are turned
over t<> tho coiner, who rolls (hem into
strips by menus of powerful machinery.
These strips are about three font long,
and a little wider than a dollar. The
thickness is designated to be the same
as a dollar, but is sometimes too thick
or too thin. The stripa are then passed
to the puncher, who feeds them under
his punch as fast as you can count, and
the smooth, greasy blank dollars fall in
to the box below: To discover if the
blanks are of the standard weight, they
are wheeled into the adjusting room.
The demand is for 412J grains, but the
Government permits a slight shortage.
Jf the black is one grain short, it is cast
out to be melted. If it is one grain over
weight, a tile is used to secure oxact
weight. •
In the adjusting room arc about two
dozen women, each with a delicate pair
of scales before her and the blanks are
handled with surprising dext erity. Thoso
found of standard weight are sent on
their way through the mint and the light
ones will form parts of new ingots.
You think of a silver dollar as a per
fectly llut surface. Hold one to your
eye and you will see tiiat is concave. If
the letters and ornaments wore even
with the rim of the dollar they would
soon wear of!. Tho concave is to pro
tect thorn. From the adjusting room
blanks go to tho machine to be con
caved and then to the bath. The silver
is greasy and blackened, and the bath
is to remove this and restore the luster.
After being treated to an acid bath the
trays filled with blanks are placed in a
red-hot oven and subsequently placed
in a revolving cylinder, with saw-dust.
When they emerge from this they shine
like stars.
Here are tho smooth, foiind ptecesj
and to make dollars of them they are
sent to the stamp presses. These power
ful machines feed themselves at tic
rate of 28o per minute, and if you pick
up one of t|^coins you will find one
sido complete, and the other side still
blank. They are picked up and fed to
a second machine, and now your dollar
is complete except on the edges. A
smooth-edged coin would wear away
faster than one with a milled edge, and
hence the larger denominations are
milled. It is no use to try to guess how
it is done, for fbrtv-nine out of fifty
persons would mfss it. They are
dropped into a cavity in a powerful
machine arranged to fit them, and the
coins, lying Hat upon one side, are
squeezed the same as if a tube shut up
on all sides of your finger at once. This
mills the edges. The pressure on each
dollar in stamping and punching is
about eighty tons.
bullion the same as a private individual
does for his vegetables. He agrees to
take all the ore furnished by two large
Colorado mines, and any supply which
an individual may wish to dispose of
finds a ready sale. The mines ship by
express at their own expense, but in
sending away money the Government
pays all charges.
The NewOrlcans mint, makes about
800.000 silver dollars per month. This
is about the only coin n. ade there of
late years. The dollars are sacked up,
1.000 in a bag, and stored in the big
vault until wanted for shipment. Money
is handled as recklessly as if it had no
value. You meet men and boys earry
ing great trays loaded with it,"and you
see wheelbarrows containing a full
bushel going in several directions, but
you do not see the records kept by the
chiefs of each department. These re
cords follow every fraction of an ounce
of silver from the time' it is taken in
until it is sacked up in the vault. Let
one of the employes “cabbage” a coin
and detection would be as certain -as
There is a general idea that the Con
federacy made a big haul ‘when it capt
ured the mint at the beginning of the
war. There was scarcely anv bullion
on hand at that date, and probably the
loss to Uncle Sam was not over $200.
The Davis Government turned out a few
coins of no great value, and building
and machinery were preserved in good
order.—M. Quad, in Detroit Free Press.
—A Michigan cyclone swept through
a streak of timber, gathered up several
cords of wood, carried it six miles across
a prairie and deposited it on the prem
ises of a poor widow, who was too poor
to buy a stick and unable to carry it
from the timber. There were at least
ten cords deposited within easy reach
of her home. Clever cyclone.—Chicago
For Young Readers.
Baby la clad in his nightgown white.
Pussy-cat purrs n soft good night..
And somebody tells, for sotn«l>ody knows,
The terrible tale of ten little toes.
This big too took a small boy Sam
Into the cupboard after the Jam;
This little too said; "Oh. no! no!" .
This little toe was ankious to go;
This little toe said: “T!« n*t quite right;"
This little tiny to© curled out of sight .
This big foe got suddenly stubbed;
This little t<»© got ruefully rubbed;
This little frightened toe cried out: “Hears!"
This little timid toe: “ Hun up stairs!"
Down eame a jar with a loud slam! slam!
This little tiny toe got all the Jam!
—Clara G. IhilUver, in our Little Out*.
i nave a mono wnose reply generally
in. when you ask him to ao n thing:
"Oh, yes, that ean t e done any time.”
He is not, in the least unwilling to do
things. He 1s not obstinate aliout ad
mitting that the thing ought to bo done,
but liis first instinctive impulse in re
gard to almost everything in life is to
put it off a little.
If you remonstrate with him, ho has
a most exasperating proverb on his
tongue’s end. and he is never tired of
quoting it: “There is luck in leisure.”
l)o what you will, you can’t make
him see that this proverb is einied at
people who hurry unwisely; not in the
least at people who are simply prompt.
As if headlong haste and quiet, ener»
getlc promptitude were in the least
like each other.
We call Mr. Anv-Time the Spaniard,
because it is well known that the Span
iard's rule of life is: “Never do to-day
that which can bo put off till to-mor
row.” Even into the form of a histor
ical proverb, the record of this national
trait of the Spanish people had crys
tallized many years ago. Even the
Spanish people themselves say sarcasti
cally: “Succors of Spain: late or
Hut says Mr. Any-Timo: “What is
the use of' being in such a hurryP Oh,
do be quiet, can’t youP Let’s take a
little comfort;” and then lie settles buck
in Ids ohair and looks at you with such
a twinkle in Ids eyes that you half for
give him for liis laziness. That is one
tiling to be said for lazy people. They
are almost always good-natured.
Then we preach a lit,tie sermon to
him, and the sermon has four heads;
four good reasons why wo ought to do
things' promptly.
Firstly, we say to him: “How dost
thou know, <) lazy Spaniard, that thou
eanst do this thing at any other time
than this presentP Many things may
prevent — sickness, thine own or
thy friends' business, forgetfulness,
weather, climate; there is no counting
up all the things which happen and
which hinder our doing the things wo
have planned to do, but have put off'
Secondly: “There Is another truth, O
lazy Mr. Any-Time, each day, each
hour, each minute, has its own thing to
be done—its own duty. If one siuglo
tiling is put oil, that, tiling will have to
be crowded Into the day, or the hour, or
tho minute which belonged to something
else; and then neither tiling will be well
1 hirdly: “ If it ran ho done now; that
alone Is reason enough fordoiugit now;
that alone is enough lo prove that now
is the natural time, the proper time for
it. Everything has its own natural
time to be done, just its flowers have
their natural time to blossom, and fruits
have their natural time to ripe ami fall.
Just suppose for a minute that such
things should get into the way of say
ing, “Any time!” That the grains
should sav: “ Oh, we can get ripe any
day,” ano should go on, putting it off
all through July Hnd August, and Sep
tember, and October; for when people
once begin to put off, there is no know
ing what will stop them—until, all of a
sudden, some day a sharp frost should
come and kill every grass-made through
out the country. What would we do
for hay, then, I wonder! Why, half the
poor horses and cows would starve, and
all because the la/.y grains said they
could get ripe “ any time,”
Suppose strawberries or apples should
take it into their heads to say the same
thing. Wouldn’t we get out of patience
going day after day looking for some
ripe enough to eat? And wouldn’t the
summer be gone before they knew it?
and all the time be wasted that the
vines and the trees had spent putting
out their leaves and blossoms, widen
had not come to fruit? And wouldn’t
the whole world and everybody's plan
of living be thrown into confusion if
such things wore to happen?
Luckily no such thing is possible in
this orderly earth, which God has made
with a tixed time for everything; even
for the blogsomiug of the tiniest little
flower, and for the ripening of the
smallest berry that was ever seen. No
body ever heard the words “ any
time” from anything in this world ex
cept human beings.
■Fourthly, we say to our dear Span
iard: “’filings which are put off are
very likely never to lie done at ail. The
chances are that they will be at last
forgotten, overlooked, crowded out.
“ Any time is no time; just as “any
body’s work” is nobody’s work, and
never gets attended to, or if it is done
at all. Isn’t halt done.
And after we have preached through
our little sermon with its four heads,
then we sum it all up, and add that the
best of all reasons for never saying a
thing can be done “ any time” is that,
besides being a shiftless and lazy phrase,
it is a disgraceful one. It is the badge
of a thief; the name and badge of the
worst thief that there is in the world; a
thief that never has been caught yet,
and never will be; a thief that is older
than the Wandering Jew, and has been
robbing everybody since the world be
gan; a thief that scorns to steal money
or goods which money could buy; a
thief that steals only one thing, but that
the most precious thing that was ever
It is a custom to have photographs
taken of all the notorious thieves that
are caught; these photographs are kept
in books at the headquarters of the po
lice, in the great cities, and when any
suspicious ciiaracter is arrested the po
lice officers look in this book to see if
n is face is among the photographs
there. Many a thief is caught in this
way when ho supposed that he was
Notv most of you have had a sort of
photograph of this dangerous and
dreadlill thief I have been describing,
lint you will never guess till 1 tell you
where it is. It is in your writing-book,
under the letter 1’.
You had to write out the description
of him so many times that you all know
It, by heart.
“Procrastination is the thief of
time.” When you wrote that sentence
over and over, you did not think very
very much about it, did you? When we
are young it always seems to us as if
there were so much tune in the world,
it couid’the a very great matter if a
thief did steal some of it. But 1 wish
I could find any words strong enough
to make you believe that long before
}rou arc old you will feel quite different
y. You will see that there isn't going
to he half enough to do what yon want
to do; not half time enough to learn
what you want to learn; to see what you
want to see. No. not if you live to be
a hundred, not half time enough; most
of all, not half time enough to love all
the dear people you love. Long before
you are old, you will feel this; and
tlien, If you are wise, you will come to
have so great a hatred of this master
thief that you will never use or, if you
can help It, let any body you know use
—that favorite by-word of his, “any
time.”— IPnfc Awake.
A Lively Little Animal.
I once knew a hunter, living near a
mining town in Montana, who made a
business of selling wild game that ho
brought in from tho surrounding mount
ains. In his excursions, ho would often
happen upon the young of various wild
animals, and bring them homo to his
cabin as pots for his children. In fact,
ho had made oonsidorable money by
rearing soino of those young animals
ami afterward sending them to tho East
ern States to lio soul to menageries.
Ho captured young grizzlies, mountain
lions, panthers and lynxes, and many a
baby butlalo has ho brought, homo to
his children. Those, when they grew
large, were either sold or turned in with
the cattle, of which ho owned a largo
One day T was riding by his cabin,
and noticed that lie had built around it
an inclosure of common rough planks,
put close together, and sawed off at an
even height, making a board fence such
as you have often seen In towns or vil
lages. While looking at this fence, my
attention was attracted by a curious
little animal running along the top of
the fence. . At a little distance it looked
like a kid or lamb, yet no one ever saw
a lamb run along the top of a board
fence, skipping and dancing as freely as
when on the ground. It would sudden
ly slop and stand on Its hind legs, ami
shako its he ail us if at some enemy on
the other side of the inclosure or fence.
My curiosity being aroused, I drove
up to see what this curious creature was.
It did not appear to be afraid of me,
and came close up to where I stood,
now and then shaking its head ominous
ly, however, as if to say: “I should like
to try a light, with you, too.” At that
moment I heard a sudden bark, and a
small Newfoundland dog dashed around
tho fence. Away went the strange
creature, leaping down the fence and
dashing across the yard, the dog ufter
it, hut both in play, as I could see.
Their jumps and gambols would have
astonished you. Hut always, when
hard pressed, the queer animal would
wheel, and witii one spring land on the
very top of tho board fence again. Its
powers of leaping and balancing were
truly marvelous.
I shouted to the hunter whom I now
discovered unsaddling his horse at the
door of Ids stable near by, saying:
” What do you call this lively thingr’
‘‘That’s u. kind of a Chinese puzzle
on legs,” said he, in reply. “Did you
ever see any circus clown beat him at
jumping P”
I replied by asking: “ Well, what do
you call the creature when cookedP”
This question he did not evade, but
answered, promptly: “We call it mut
ton or iamb. These animals resemble
our sheep in many ways, but not in
their straight, coarse, yellowish-brown
hair. Hut beneath this rough coat they
have a tine, short wool covering tbeir
bodies. They used to be called goats;
but the wise men of tho country have
decided that they are really sheep.”
I had seen these strange sheep at a
distance, in little hands, but never any
so' young as the one now playing
about my friend's fence.
The older sheep have a dark brown
streak down the back of the hind legs,
and also the same kind of a mark down
the front of the fore leg. Their eves
are very large, resembling those of a
deer or antelope.
They feed on the bunch grass, lichens
and moss that grows on the rooks, on
sage, and on the barks of trees. They
are very difficult to approach in their
wild state, yet when captured young,
are easily tamed.
Hunters have very laborious sport
when hunting these animals, as they
seek the most elevated peaks of the
mountains, and very seldom descend to
the valleys. It is the object of the
hunter to get above his game, if pos
sible, when in pursuit of the mountain
sheep, for they are so quick of eye, ear
and foot that, if he meets them on the
same level with himself, he stands but
little chaDce of bagging his game. So
he strives to get above them. Then a
stone thrown down among them will
suffice to frighten them, and they will
immediately begin ascending the mount
ain; and as they can not scent the
hunter, who lies in wait above them,
they will then fall an easy prey to
quick and true shots from his ritle.—
IT. M. Cary, in St. Nicholas. .
—One of the practices peculiar to
Japan, and one that naturally excites
the curiosity of the stranger, is the sing
ing of men at work upop the foundation
and frame of any building that is being
erected. There' is no set song they sing,
but they give voice to their wishes for
the prosperity of the owner and builder,
coining their song as they proceed with
their labor, invoking the favor of the
gods for their employe and all having
any interest in the structure they are

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