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The new dominion. [volume] (Morgantown, W. Va.) 1876-1904, September 08, 1883, Image 1

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unconscious childhood’s tiny grasp
Draws us from business books and art;
Mightier than all the world, the clasp
Of one small hand upon the heart. ,
Of late, with lids that mimicked death,
In fever flames our darling lay;
While we who watched her fluttering breath
Could only wait, and hope, and pray.
Pale gliding shapes and whispered words
Haunted the hushed and shadowy room.
Till the first twitter of the birds
▲woke, and daybreak edged the gloom.
On vacant chairs and silent walls.
Where lonely watches of the night
Grow old, how strange, how spectral, falls
The mockery of the morning light!
▲s in a trance of fear we moved;
Peril to one we cannot save, •
Peril and pain to one beloved.
Make trembling cowards of the brave.
The dawn rose, pitilessly bright;
The sunshine wore an alien hue;
There was not any more delight
In song of bird or spark of dew.
How idle seemed the task that claimed
A cold, accustomed service still!
Each worldly wish was quelled and shamed!
Alike were tidings good and ill.
Friendship itfelf small solace brought;
We came and went like dull machines;
How foreign to the harassed thought
The most familiar household scenes 1
The golden fields and azure skies
Were veiled in sorrowful eclipse.
Till beamed again those darkened eves.
Till smiled once more those childish lips.
Another night: all night she slept, . m
She woke; O Joy! was ever dawn
Bo heavenly sweet as that which swept
With drizzling showers the trees and lawn!
The hillside frowned, by lowering brows
Of gloomy thickets overhung;
But in the dripping chestnut boughs
A cheerful robin perched and sung.
Dear omen of her blest release
From pain and the Great Dread past byl
Peace filled our souls, the light of peace
Was over all the earth and sky.
O happiest day of all the year!
Each moment had its Joyous thrill;
Whatever came brought hope and cheer;
Alike were tidings good and ill.
How never more, O heart, be sad.
When cloud and tempest drench the pane,
But keep the day with thoughts as glad
As robins singing in the rain.
—J. T. Trowbridge, in Youth's Companion.
There are numerous instances on rec
ord of persons in “durance vile” mak
ing pets of the most unlikely of animals,
nay, even reptiles and flowers. The
instances considered noteworthy have
been generally those of persons of rank.
In reality, the passion is not more to be
wondered at in the Count Picciola of
school-book notoriety, who gained over
the good-feeling of his keeper to re
spect the pet flower which had sprung
up between the stones of the prison
yard, than is a similar feeling exhibited
by the deepest-dyed criminal of the
common jail. In fact, it has been no
ticed that the feeling, if anything, is
stronger in the man of few resources.
The present humanitarian system of
conducting prisons provides the edu
cated prisoner with many means of
killing, if not improving, his time,
which a bygone system ignored, Com
panionship is found in books of the very
best kind. In the case of the unedu
cated prisoner, it is very different. For
many hours of the day he is
shut oft from everything but in
tercourse with his own thoughts,
and these being, as a rule, not very
companionable, he casts about for
something to engage his attention other
than the four bare walls of his cell.
Suddenly he hears the chirp of some
impudent sparrow, enticed by a few
stray bread-crumbs which the poor
wretch has spared from his allowance
and pushed through the grating of his
window. Here is something which cer
tainly bears him no ill-will; something
which, to one given to suspect, is above
suspicion. There is not the slightest
doubt about this visitor. But the uu
suspicious feeling is not reciprocal. The
crumbs are all very well so long as they
can be reached from without the bars.
The dark within 'is an unexplored
region. But there comes a spell of
sharp frost, may be, which whets the
appetite of the feathered visitor, or
there is something in the manner of the
would-be host which reassures him, and
the inquisitive little head is cautiously
{lushed inside the bars, in order to fol
ow up a trail of crumbs judiciously
laid by the tempter. No harm follows;
and familiarity breeds boldness. The
little fellow is surprised to find himself
quite within, tail and all, and, as
though astonished at his own audacity,
beats a hasty retreat. The next visit
finds him less modest. He advances
aoross the fioor; then, with sidelong
glances, makes a backward movement,
then a forward one, till he feels quite
positive that the statue-like figure in
the corner has no bellicose intentions.
As a sorWof feeler, the figure moves a
foot or a hand. This is too much for
Mr. Sparrow. A fluttering retreat
to the bars, out, and away, leaves
the lonely inmate still more lonely.
The thought of the crumbs, how
ever, steels the little feathered breast,
and by-and-by he makes another
essay. At last he loses all fear, and
hops np quite close to the immured one
to snatch some crumbs sprinkled
from the hand in sight of the bird.
From this it is not far, as confidence is
gained, to hop on to the kn^t and
shoulder. What sort of bird-logic has
been going on in the breast of this little
sparrow ? In a week or two he learns
to come at a call, and to eat his meals
from the hand of a man who, very pos
sibly, is suffering imprisonment for
kicking his wife very nearly to death,
or for some kindred crime; but who
would take infinite pains to attach this
little soulless bird to himself, and resent,
with blows if necessary, any interfer
ence with his pet.
What is the philosophy of the mat
ter ? Is it the waking up of dormant
feelings P the softer, better memories of
happier days, when the love of witeeAd
children had not beoome estranged ?
Every man, even the lowest type of
criminal, loves something or somebody.
It may be a selfish, base love; but it is
a.love, nevertheless. Who can fully
understand the anomaly presented by
the wife-kicking “Black Country” pud
dler, who feasts his favorite bull dog
while his poor children go about uncarea
for P Most likely the prisoner who has
been so tender with the sparrow when
shut off from the world, rarely noticed
such an obscure creature in his days of
freedom. There existed, however, some
objector objects up>n which he lavished
his love ; and, refused access to these,
he turns to the sparrow or the mouse.
To whatever cause the passion may be
attributed, it is true that all are equally
ready to avenge any insult ottered,
and he would oe a rash man who,
of malice aforethought, would injure a
prison pet. We have seen men, per
fectly tractable and well-behaved on
other occasions, behave like demons
when the favorite sparrow or mouse
has suffered violence at the hands of a
warder, who* possessing more zeal than
discretion, has not been able to discover
anything in the affair save a breach of
prison rules.
Whether or not the domestic mouse
is more cognizant of the baseness of
human naturo than his relative the
field-mouse, we cannot say: but certain
it is that he rarely succumbs to the
blandishments of the tamer, is less
docile, and more apt to return to his
normal state on the first opportunity.
A pet domestic mouse is a rarity com
pared ‘with the more tractable field
mouse, and the tamer of the former is
looked at in the light of a professional.
His ability is requisitioned to assist the
amateur, and his proficiency in the
profession thus becomes a marketable
commodity. A “sixer” or an “eighter”
—prison slang for a six or an eight
ounce loaf—occasionally, is payment
rendered for assistance in bringing a
domestic mouse into a state of subjec
A free man, with hundreds of other
matters to engage his attention, could
not spare the time necessary to turn out
such marvels of the taming art as are
to be found among prison pets. At
work in the fields, haymaking or har
vesting, a mouse is seized, secreted in
the breast-pocket, and kept in there by
means of a'handkerchief which close's
the mouth of the pocket. Imagine with
what anxiety the man would go through
the customary ordeal of being searched
on his return from labor, fearful lest,
when the handkerchief is removed for
a thorough search, mousie’s bright eyes
should peep over the ridge of the
pocket, and thus discover liiipself to
the searcher, very possibly to be ruth
lessly dispatched. Should some more
than usually amiable warder be the
searcher, he may—seeing that a mouse
cannot aid the prisoner in an attempt to
escape—willfully pass over him, or, in
his hurry, fail to “feel” the little soft
creature. Mousie’s education has
already begun. After having been
taken out “to work” some two or three
days he learns to “lie close,” not, how
ever, before he has received sundry
tappings on the nose, as warnings, of
what to expect in case he should feel
disposed to wander. Then the experi
ment of leaving the little fellow at home
is tried. A nest of picked oakum has
been made in an out-of-the-way corner
of the cell; and into this nest he is put
with many injunctions not to stir while
the master is from home.
There is great perturbation of mind
on the convicts returning from labor,
for many things may have happened
during his absence. Everything is
eagerly scanned to see if it is in the
same condition as it was left. On being
satisfied that it is, the little quadruped
is taken out for a share of the meagre
meal; that over, he is put through a
course of training—taught to run up
the sleeve and come out at the shirt
collar ; to beg for crumbs, and on the
approach of the slightest danger to rush
pocket. Some unlucky day, the prisoner
returns to find his pet gone-; and real
are his secret lamentations over his loss
—far more real, possibly, than when in
his days of freedom, he lost his child
by death. The unsentimental prison
cat, seeking what she may devour, has
smelt out our little friend, and in a mo
ment this companion and solace is a
thing of the past. Or seeking “fresh
woods and pastures new,” but not
dreaming of forsaking his old home al
together, nrnisie shyly wanders off, and
is snapped up by some other represent
ative of the taming fraternity. In either
ease, he is lost to nis old master, who
is inconsolable at his disappearance.
Should he be able to fix the cause of his
loss on anything or anybody; it is easy
to see that he will become that thing or
that body’s implacable enemy. A case
in point occurred at a London local
prison a short time ago, and was re
ported in the public press. An order
had been issued for tne extermination
of prison pets. A warder attempted to
carry out this order in, perhaps, not
the kindest or most judicious manner
possible, and received a stab with a
shoemaker’s knife for his pains. A
fatal affray at a convict prison, in the
south of England was the cause of this
order being given. In a quarrel be
tween two prisoners as to which should
be the possessor of a certain mouse, a
blow was struck which resulted in the
death of one of the disputants.
Mice and sparrows are common
prison pets; but what will be said of
rats as things to be desired? We can
imagine the horror of the female por
tion of our readers, who would, doubt
lessly, consider pests a much more ap
propriate name than pets. A prisoner
given to pet-making will tell you that
the rat is almost unteachable, the most
that can be taught him being attach
ment to the person. He cannot be
trusted out of sight, but must be always
carried out to work. He evidently en
joys the warmth afforded by the tamer’s
body, and being neither an epicure nor
fastidious in regard to lodgings, finds
this kind of life preferable to days of
grubbing among foundations, fearful of
terriers, poison and gins, in a house of
his own making— in short, he prefers it
to working for his living. We fear that
this rat is too true a picture of the
habitual criminal in prison. The latter,
supplied with a good roof over his head,
a good and clean bed, fairly good food
in comparative abundance, congenial
companions, plenty of good literature,
and no terriers in the shape of police
men, prefers, or if he does not prefer,
is too easily contented with, his prison
life.—Chamber's Journal.
into the harbor
—Mrs. Ashly, a slightly insane At
lanta' lady, was found the other day
trying to swallow a kitten. She had it
about half way down her throat and it
was with difficulty that she could be in
duced to give it up. Her face was con
siderably scratched and her mouth
badly lacerated.—N. ¥. Sun.
—The odor from fresh whitewash is
apt to have a very bad effect upon
milk. For this reason great care should
be exercised in putting a fresh supply
upon the inside of a dairv-room. If
the miik cannot be removed for two or
three days while the whitewash is dry
ing, then put but little on at a time.
—The length of time that a young
heifer keeps in milk after her first calf
is likely to measure her staying quali
ties for all after life. For this reason
young heifers should have their first
calf in. the fall. By good care and
ensilaged food in winter an abundant
flow can be established, which can more
easily be kept up the next summer. If
heifers calve in the spring they are very
liable to go dry early in the next fall.
—Every farmer who expects his wife
to make good butter, after furnishing
her with ijorae good, well-fed milen
cows, should provide her with good
milk pans —large and shallow—so as
to present a large surface on winch the
cream may rise and allow it to remain
sufficiently long for all the cream
to rise. These pans should bo
well washed every time the milk is
emptied from them, and should be clean
amt bright when filled.
Leathery and Soft Cream.
Cream, as it rises upon milk, is some
times so tenacious, or adhesive, as to
suggest a similarity to leather, and
hence such cream is often spoken of as
“leathery.” Such cream nas a solid,
compact structure, and a dry anil
smooth-appearing surface. It is very
rich in fat, anif if skillfully treated
makes excellent butter, but if its pe
culiarities are not well understood, it is
liable to occasion waste and defective
butter. At other times it will be very
soft and fluid, and often appear to be
covered with a thin stratum of pure
water over its surface—exactly the re
verse of the “leathery” cream. The
thin cream is the more bulky of the
two. Not being so completely separa
ted from the milk as the other, it, has
the greater depth on tin; same depth of
milk. At other times, the same milk
set under other conditions will have its
cream neither leathery nor thin, but
between the two in fluidity, and even in
its consistency.
What makes these different condi
tions in cream has been a puzzle to
many a dairyman, and is just now
puzzling sumo of the dairy writers in
contemporary publications, who seem
to have w'hollv missed the causes pro
ducing them.
When a vessel containing ice-water is
placed in a warm atmosphere, dew
gathers upon its surface, because the
very cold surface of the vessel so con
denses the warm air touching it that
the air in its condensed state cannot
hold the water it was carrying in Its
warmer and rarer state. The water
which is thus squeezed out of the air by
its contraction, adheres to the surface
of the vessel in the form of dew.
The same process takes place on the
surface of the water in the vessel that
does on the surface of the vessel, except
that the condensations from the air
mingle with the water in the vessel and
escape observation.
When milk is set in very cold water,
and remains there until it becomes con
siderably colder than the surrounding
air, the cold milk acts as condenser the
same as the ice water in warm air, as
above described, and causes condensa
tions from the air to collect on the top
of the cream and remain there like a
thin sheet of water when the cream is
stiff enough to hold it. These conden
sations begin to collect as soon as the
surface of the cream becomes about ten
degrees colder than the surrounding at
The depositions of dew thus made
upon the surface of cream, keep it
moist and soft and in excellent condi
tion, and are thought by some creamery
managers to be very useful; but they
are a source of pollution. All that is
foul in the air, and whatever spores it
may contain, go with the dew and lodge
on the cream and contaminate it to its
injury, and, of course, to the injury ol
the butter in several ways, especially in
its keeping quality. This accounts for
the soft cream of the creameries in cold
open setting.
Now, as to the “leathery” cream.
To account for it we have only to re
verse the conditions and make the air
colder than the milk. When the cold
air touches the warmer milk, the air
expands instead of contracting, and as
it becomes rarified its capacity for hold
ing water becomes increased, and it
begins to absorb moisture instead of
parting with it, and it'at once com
mences to load itself by absorbing moist
ure from the surface of the milk (or
cream), thereby drying the cream and
making it become adhesive or “leath
ery.” When milk is submerged under
water there can be neither dew nordesi
cation, because the small quantity of
air ovey the milk can neither contract
nor expand.—National Live-Mock Jour
Advice to Dairymen.
Our advice to every dairyman is to
have just as little wood about the dairy
room as possible. It will get full of
grease from coming incontact with the
cream or butter, which will eventually
become stale and make tronble. Have
all the utensils possible made of tin,
even to th? milking pails. Paddles
may be made of cedar, but be sure that
they are well soaked in fresh water be
fore they are brought in contact with
the cream or butter, and this should be
done every* time they are used. A
wooden churn also is pardonable, for
metal will not do for this purpose; but
be sure and keep it well and thoroughly'
aired. Butter tubs and (irkins are bet
ter made of wood than of metal, but
they must be well soaked in fresh water
and then in a lime before using. With
hese exceptions, and perhaps one or
two others, there should be scrupulous
care to exclude wooden utensils from
the dairy, for no amount of scrubbing
can take the grease out of wood, while
very hot water will take it from tin
without the labor of scrubbing. There
is work enough to be done in the dairy
without wasting time in trying to keep
wooden utensils clean and sweet,—
American Dairyman.
How the Boys are Ruined.
In a late numl>or of Pnnrh, a prodighl
son who has pone to the bad !s repre
sented as savinp to his father in answer
to a stern rebuke: “Ah, it's all very
well for you to talk father. It's pre
oious easy to keep straiphton nothing a
year, and yon were thrown penniless on
the world at fourteen! I should like to
have seen you in my circumstances,
Rfter a public school and collepe educa
tion, and an allowance of £500 per an
num ever since." It must be admitted
that the young man's defence was un
answerable—a father who had been
guilty of such lack of wisdom in the
training ot his son had no right to blame
anybody but himself if the son turned
out badly. He had in fact tempted his
boy to dissipation and then chided him
for yielding.
This is a fair example of the way In
which scores of boys are ruined yearly,
especially in our largo cities. Parents
supply them liberally with money, per
mit them to spend their time as they
please, and are horrified some day by
the discovery that I heir darling boy is
a sot or a villain. Nothing can bo more
disastrous for a boy than too much
spending money and too much spare
time to spend it in. Of course we all
think that our boys are the best in the
world, that wo have so carefully in
stillod the principles of right living into
their minds that they will not fall vic
tims to the temptations that swallow up
other boys. And in this blind confi
dence many parents go on till some dis
graceful or criminal act opens their
eves to the real state of the case. Now
Vork is full of young men, the sons of
rich fathers who themselves began life
as poor boys, who have nothing to do
but to spend their largo allowances in
the way that will do them the most
harm. Their days and nights are passed
in the companionship of youths as
empty-headed as themselves, varied by
association with men of doubtful repu
tation and women whose reputation is
not in the least doubtful. What but
misery, degradation and crime can be
the ultimate result, of such a lifeP If
fathers will sow the wind they must not
complain when they reap the whirlwind.
Only less disastrous than rash indul
gence is the policy of stern repression.
Some rich fathers frightened by the
ruin of their neighbor's boys, bring up
their own in the most rigid way. Their
boys never have any speuding-nxmoy
that they do not have to account for to
the last cent, and not much even on
those terms. Their boys are kept under
strict surveillance, and are not allowed
to go anywhere without permission.
When their education is finished they
are put into the counting-room, or the
otiico, and compelled to work as hard
as any poor boy. No attempt is made
to interest them in tho business or pro
fession thus chosen tor them, and they
naturally feci for it only disgust, and
repugnance. Well, one day the father
dies, and a large fortune falls to tho
boys thus trained. They proceed to
make ducks and drakes of it after the
most approved fashion. Never having
been trained to the right use of money,
they spend it more profusely than the
boys who have always had it; and
having always been kept under special
restraint as to their habits, they plunge
into the wildest kind of dissipation.
The very anxiety of tho father to keep
his sons from evil has turned out to be
the chief instrument of their ruin.
These are the two extremes which aro
seen every day in such a city as New
York. It is of course true that in the
great majority of homes no such des
perate state of things exists, but the
cases we have typified are all too com
mon. The safe middle course between
over-indulgence and undue severity is
not perhaps easy to hit, yet it must be
attained approximately unless a boy’s
character is to be hopelessly spoiled.
On the whole, we suppose that over
indulgence is responsible for the ruin of
more boys than any other cause. The
tendency of American fathers and
mothers is too much to live for their
children only, to sacrifice themselves in
order to gratify their whims and ex
travagant notions, to efface themselves
socially for the sake of their advance
ment. When character is not utterly
ruined by such a system, there is great
danger that it u^ll be marred by selfish
ness, and by the lack of that consider
ation for others which marks tho Chris
tian gentleman.—N. Y. Examiner.
Something New in Snake Stories.
On last Thursday night, as the stage
was” coming from Markleville, the road
seemed to get very heavy near Wood
ford’s Canon. The nearest horses could
hardly drag the load, and they seemed
to have harder work at every step. Fi
lally they stopped to rest at the top of
the little knoll just this side of Wood
ford’s Station, and when the driver at
tempted to start the horses they could
not pull an inch. He dismounted and
took a lantern to examine the running
gear, when, to his astonishment, he
found, as he supposed, that a rope had
been tied between the two wheels. Lay
ing his hand on the rope, he started
back with a yell of horror on discover
ing that a live snake had twisted itself
between the hind and fore wheels, and
was holding the stage as securely as if
the wheels had been tied with an inch
rope. The reptile had evidently been
trying to block the stage for several
miles, and when the horses stopped for
a rest improved the opportunity to
tighten the coils so as to effectually pre
vent the stage from starting again.
The passengers got out ana tackled
the snake with clubs aad stones, and, as
the reptile thrashed about under the
wheels, tne horses were wild with ter
ror. He was finally killed by a blow
on the head, and it was after midnight
before they got him disentangled from
the wheels. He was the style of snake
known as the mountain runner, and
measured twelve feet four inches. When
stretched tightly between the wheels he
was much longer.—Carson (Nev.) Ap
peal. >
—A Massachusetts woman, after In
effectually warning trespassers oft her
huckleberry patch, sprinkled the bushes
with Paris green. When complaints
began to come in from a lot of sick
neighbors, she simply remarked that
she had found out what sort of huckle
berries they were, and went on with her
knitting.—Bouton Post,
“Shake’s Telephone.**
“I guess I haf n>v telephone took out
>fnty house," saii'l a resident of the
eastern part of the city as he took a
seat beside Manager Jackson the othor
day. __
“Anything wrong?”
"Yes, eafrytiugs is wrong,” was the
doleful answer.
“Perhaps the battery needs more
"Vhell, may be so, but I doan’ keep
no track of dot. You see, I vhas dowu
to ray peesness a good deal. In der
morning, after l vnas goue a leodle
while, somepody rings aboudt sixteen
hundred times and scares my old
vhoman half to death. Sho asks vho
vhas dere, und somepody answers:
‘Hello! Shake, vhas dot von? Say,
Shake, how aboudt dot lcedle gal dot
wrote you dot lotter? Hal hal hal’
Und dot makes my vhifo go mad dot
she shumps oop und down und pulls
her hair, and vhen I comes homo sho
goes for mo like some tigers. Vhas dot
der right vliay to put up sotno shobs ou
a man?”
“No, of course not.”
“Und pooty queek after dot some
body else rings oop my house two toil
sand times, and my vhifo almost faints
avhay. Vhen she asks who vhas dere
somebody answers: ‘Say, Shako, Isaw
you riding oudt tuit your vhifo on dor
Lake road last Sunday! Doan’ bo
afraidt — 1 doan' give him away 1’ Und
don my vhifo vhas madt enough to bust
in two, und vhen I comes homo she
slhrikes at me mit der toaoot. l)o you
call him telephone convenience?”
“I call it a shame, sir.”
‘‘Vhell, some odder times somepody
goes r-r-r-r-ring-ing-lng-ring liko tun
uer, und ray Vhifo vhas as pale ash a
bedquilt. Sho tinks dot vhas some Oc
cident to me, or some steampoat blowed
oop mit her sister. Her heart beats
like it would shump oudt on dor floor,
und vhen sho asks who vhas killed
somepody answers: ‘Ish dot Shake?
Sav, Shake, bow much you gif dot
policeman to keep sthill on you, eh!
Ah! dot vhas a line racket, Shako, but
if der oldt vhomans drops on it you
vhas gone oop like some GlMoroy’s
kite!’ Den my vhifo she vhas madt
some more, und qho packs oop her
trunks, und she vhas all ready to go
vhen I comes home. Vhas dot some
more convenience by electricity?”
“1 shall certainly look into tho mat
ter. Such things must be stopped.”
“Und sometimes sonjepouy rings
softly, shust like eats, und my vhtfe
wants to know who vhas dot. ‘Me!
Who vhas me?’ ‘Katie!’ ‘Who vhas
Katie?’ ‘Vhy, Shako, doan’ you know
dot viddor vhornana you met on der
boat. Say, Shako, now vhas der oldt
vhomans to-day?’ Und how vhas dot
on mo vhen I goes homo? Und how
can l make der oldt vhomans pelief I
vhas in my saloon all der time, und dot
I doan' know some vidder vhomans
from a load of hay? I toll you, Misser
Shaokson, dot telephone preaks oop my
family if I doan’ look oudt. Eafery
day it, is ‘Hello! Shake!’ und eafery
evening vhen I comes homo it is some
more crying und talking liko I vhas
der worst man in Detroit.”
He was prom wed speedy and per
manent relief, and as he hacked up
stairs to tlie sidewalk, lie said:
“Vhell, dot makes mo feel like I vhas
If somepody vhants to ‘Hello! Shako!’
on me let him come to my saloon. I
gif him some telephone convenience so
ho vtias lame for six months!"—Detroit
Free Press.
Ail Interesting Incident of Travel In
A letter to the Philadelphia Press thus
describes the recent stage robbery near
Helena, Montana: The stage was rhov
ing along at a walk, about noon, when
three masked ruIlians emerged from
their hiding-place, and, leveling their
shotguns at the driver and passengers,
shouted “Hands up,” The order was
promptly obeyed, without a murmur,
and, in obedience to the next command,
every man stepped from the stage with
his hands in the air, and formeain line
on the roadside. Then one of the
“posse’-’ stepped forward and helped
•himself to the contents of each pocket,
while the other two kept their guns
leveled so as to enfilade the line. There
were two ladies aboard -one on the box
and one inside—who cried bitterly, but
the gallant assurances of the Claude
Duvals that nobody would be killed un
less they resisted, allayed their fears;
for they knew too well that the terror
stricken nine with their hands in the
air hadn’t strength enough left to pull a
trigger. The valuables%eing secured,
the stage was allowed to pass on, and a
merchant with a two-horse team, who
followed, was next held up,, but was
victimized only to the extent of some
whisky and cigars. Though this is
quite a serious business, yet it has its
ludicrous side, which is worth telling.
One passenger in leaving the stage put
his pocket-book, containing $270, in
the folds of the curtain and did not
search for it again until the stage had
progressed eight miles, so great was
his demoralization, and’ then to his hor
ror it was gone; later, however, it was
found on the floor of the coach. A
Chicago gentleman who wore kid gloves,
was detected fumbling with his finger,
and upon being made to take off his
glove displayed what was apparently a
plain gold ring, which he desired to re
tain, “it being the gift of a dear friend.”
The wily highwayman, however, turned
over the finger and found to his delight
a supurb brilliant. “That is a shiner.”
he exclaimed; “a perfect daisy;”and he
transferred it from the finger to his own
boot. Among the wreck the next day
was found a government envelope ad
dressed to some official in the territory,
upon which was indorsed in pencil,
“Opened by mistake by a posse of three
highwaymen.” Last‘.night I listened
to the story of the robbery told by one
of the victims to a crowd of friends.
An “old-timer,” sitting by, inquired
how big the shotgun looked. “Well,”
replied the victim. “I could have driven
a six-mule team down the barrel.”
—The Bnrlihgton Hawk-Eye predicts
that by next season society will be so
artificial that the unrepresentable dam
sel will remain in her cottage and sen'
her photograph into the surZ
—A new secret society is to be formed,
»t Yale, a rival to the Skull and Cross-:
hones ami the Scroll and Keys. It is
•aid that a building for its use is to bo
at cnee erected.—Hartford Post.
—The B iptist Weekly says: "Tf a
ihuroh wants to secure a now pastor it
'an scarcely take a surer course to drive
iff desirable men than by maligning the
pastor who has loft them.
—Two well-known clergymen who
»ro brothers, Rev. Hugh O. Pentecost
and Rev. George F, Pentecost hap
pened to preach on a recent Sunday in
different churches in Hartford, Conn.
—The American Sunday-School Union
has recently received from the executors
jf the estate of the late Frederick Mar
quand $19,892. Also a legacy of $1,000
from the late George Nugent William
B. Dodge bequeathed $10,000 to this
society. — jV. ¥. Kxaminer.
—Christ Church, Philadelphia, in
which the Centennial Convention of
Protestant Episcopalians is to be held,
was the place of tie first convention of
tit at denomination in America, It was
built with brick from England and
money raised in a lottery under the
management of Uenjamin Franklin.—■
Chicago Mint's.
—According to a Western school
teacher the habit of chewing gum is
productive of myopia among the pupils,
being forbidden to oliow gum during
school hours, they seek to avoid detec
tion in the illicit, en joymenf, of the en
during morsel by holding their books
close to their faces, thus briuglng on
—The Reformed l)utoh Church at
Spotswood, N. J., was knocked to
pieces by i\,sudden thundergust. First
the steeple toppled over on the roof,
which if cut in two at the rldgo pole.
Then the walls fell apart, tumbling to
the ground in suohji condition of wreck
that the remains are nothing better than
kindling wood. The church cost $8,
000, and was considered as good as any
wooden sanctuary of similar style. The
members are possessed of considerable
moans, and aro able to rebuild. In a
few months they will have a better
building than the one which was
wrecked.—N. V. Sun.
—The United Presbyterian Church
has relegated the organ question to in
dividual churches. The committee ap
pointed by the recent General Assembly
on the subject lias issued a majority
and minority address. The first argues
in favor of the constitutionality of the
adoption of the overture upon music;
the other avoids arguing the question,
but reaches substantially the same re
sult as the majority lei ter in urging
each church to accept the action oi the
assembly as final, leaving each to de
cide whether it will admit the organ or
not. This agreement practically makes
the organ a local issuo in the church.—
N. Y. Herald.
—“Morey!” exclaimed Mrs. F., as
she caught sight of the oameleopard,
“just look at that beast! what a long
neck!” “Yes,” replied Fogg, “the
most remarkable case of soar throat I
ever saw.”—Boston Pont.
—Lynching* are becoming so com
mon in the West that housewives are
afraid to leavo their clothes-line out
over night. In the morning they might
And it a mile away witli a man hanging
to the end.—Troy (If. Y.) Times.
—Before the city directory man takas
a census of St. Louis, watermelons an
always sent there from Chioago to
double up the population. After that
an official count is made, showing how
unreliable St. Louis figures are.—N. 0.
—In modern Egypt a young man is
not permitted to see his wife’s face be
fare marriage. The Boston girls are
using every effort to have this custom
introduced into this country. It is the
only way they can hope to compete with
the Western'branch of the business.—
Lynn Bee.
—The High School girl says that
modern seismologists incline to the
opinion that the phenomena of the
earthquake is a vibratory motion, propa
gated through the solid molecules of the
earth after the similitude of the trans
mission of sound through the atmos
phere. We think so too.—Oil Oily
—When a Virginia ‘belle was once
nrprisod by her father in the parlor of
a hotel at the White Sulphur Springs,
supporting upon her shoulder tho head
of a middle aged admirer, she at once
disarmed the impending rebuke by ex
claiming: “Surely, fattier, this is not
the first time you have seen an old head
on young shoulders.”—N. Y. Graphic.
—A little girl and boy, who live In
Des Moines, Iowa, were discussing the
stars one evening recently. The little
boy argued that the stars were worlds
like ours, and he claimed that they are
peopled just like the earth. The little
girl, with all the disdain she could mus
ter, said: “They are not! They are
angels’ eyes; ’cause I saw ’em wink!"
—Golden Days.
— Adding injury to insult: A tall,
stylish-looking woman, leading a gray
hound, passed the balcony of a Saratoga
hotel, on which two gentlemen were
standing. “Whata beautiful creature,"
said one of them in a voice that proved
loud enough for the lady to hear. Turn
ing very red in the face she glanced
angrily at the speaker and said: “You
have no right to insult me, sir.” “Ex
cuse me, madam, but you flatter your
self. I was alluding to your dog.”—
N. Y. News.
—A Boston gentleman married a
musical and literary lady who was very
charming, but who was wholly ignorant
of and indifferent to housekeeping. He
was very proud of her and exceedingly
fond of displaying her talents to his
friends. One day his brother, a blunt,
keen-eyed country man, paid him a
visit. Leading him into the sitting
room, which was dusty, dirty and dis
orderly, he requested his wife to play
and sing for them. Her husband list
ened with great delight to her per
formance, and, turning to his brother,,
said: “Your wifo has no ear for music,
1 believe!” “No, but she has an eye
for dirt!” was the gruff reply.—Boston
—in Mexico nearly every one Is ft
smoker. The school children who have
done well in their studies an? rewarded
by being allowed to smoke a cigar as
they st tint! or ait at t heir lessons. The
schoolmaster is seldom without, a cigar
in his mouth. In the law courts all per
sons commonly enjoy their tobacco
freely, and even t he accused in a crim
»nftl trial is not denied this indulgence,
but is allowed, if his cigarette goes out
In the heat of the argument, to light it
again by borrowing that of the officer
who stands at his side to guard him.—
—Although Chicago won’t believe it,
St. Lou!.3, as a city, lies in an atmos
phere of poetic legend and story.
Within throe miles from the' busincaa
center, on the Illinois side, at tho old
French town of Cnhokin, generations
are born, live and die who do not speak
tho Knglish language. The people are
provincial in the extreme, and jealous
of thoir French origin, customs and lan
guage.—Bnfftllo (N. K) K.rjircas.
A Jlojr’s Despair.
There were nine rough-looking fel
low# ami a real bright, sensitive boy on
the ehain-gaug in an Alabama town.
The boy attracted a great deal of atten
tion on account of Ins youthfulness and
innocence. An Indiana lady, notiuing
him a# she passed along the etreet,
stopped and #)>uke to him. The guard,
in a very lough manner, ordered the
boy to go to work, lie looked up into
the lady'a face and his eyea filled with
tear# as he turned to obey. Just then
the express oame thundering along, and
without a word to anyone he threw him
self in front of it and* was crushed into a
ihapoles# mass.
—Mrs, Trank P. Carson, of Kvans
ville, Ky., ha# an apple which shows a
remarkable state of preservation. Five
year# ago Mrs. Carson tied the apple by
the stem and hung it up in her room.
It has remained there during this time,
and is now as sound as when pulled
from the tree. — Detroit Pott.
—A cool request ban rcaohod the
Treasurer of the United Staten from a
West Virginian, who asks tlmt $500 ire
sent him with whieh to redeem all the
trade dollars in his section of country,—
Washington Post,
—The eating of ]>art of a colored
wrapper from a bar of soap caused the
death of a little girl of West Liberty, Ky.
"Throw A wav Her Supporter."
Da. Pi meat—A neighbor of ours was
■uttering from “ female weakness" which
the doctors told her could not bn cured
without a supporter. After considerable
persuasion my wifn Induced her to try your
" Favorite Prescription,” After using one
bottle she threw away the supporter and
ilid a large washing, which she had not
done in two years befote.
Jamks Mll.l.v.n.
4240 Jacob Street. Wheeling, W. Va.
Mktikly nu outside mat ter—The handle
of a jug.—V. Y. Commercial Advertiser.
Hay-Frvkb. Since boyhood I have been
troubled with Catarrh and Hay-Fever, and
was unable to obtain relief until I used
Kly’s Cream llnlm. ft has cured mo. E.
L. Cliokknur, New Brunswick, N. J. •
If. A jailer known by the company he
keeps ?—Cincinnati Merchant anil Traveler.
Woman and Her DImpahdii
is the title of a large illustrate I treatise, by
Dr. R. V. Pierce, Buffalo, N. Y., sent, to
nny aiiilress for three stumps. It teaches
successful sell-treatment.
A paradox—Nearly nil our domestics
are of foreign production.
Hay-Fever. Iluvlng been nfflleted with
Hay-Fever for veers I gave Ely’s Cream
Balm a trial. I have had no attack since
using It. E. R. Rauch, Editor Carbon Co.
Demucral, Munch Chuuk, Fa. Price 53c.
A printer enn feel first-rate and still be
out of sorts.—Rochester Post-Express.
If your lungs are almost wasted by con
sumption Dr. Fierce’s “ Golden Medical
Discovery” will not cure you, yet os a rem
edy for severe coughs, and all curnbl#
bronchial, throat and lung affections, it is
unsurpassed. Bend two stamps for Dr.
Pierce’s large pamphlet treatise on Con
sumption and Kindred Affections. Address
World’s Dispensary Med.cal Associa
tion, Buffalo, N. Y.
Kafk BLOWINO—Tlio challenges of Ameri
can duelists.— Norristown llerald.
Marianna, Fla.—t>r. Then. West aaya:
“ I consider Brown’s Iron Bitters the beat
tonic that is sold.” _
A man -,vith water on the brain should
wear a plug hat.—Philadelphia Bulletin.
Enrich and revitalize the blood by using
Brown’s Iron Bitters. The best tonic.
Corrfct Boston people call a burglar**
“Jimmie” Mr. James.— N. 1. Journal.
Charlottrvili.k. Va.—Mr. C. H. Har
man, President of the People’s Bank, testi
fies to the value of Brown’s Iron Bitters for
relieving indigestion.
How mat every passenger make himself
of use to the ship carpenter? By merely
being aboard. __
Chrolithion Collars and CufTs, when
thoroughly waterproof, feel as soft as vel
vet around the neck and wrists.
The Preacher's Quiet Habits. *
Sedentary and studious men some
times become prostrated before they
know it. Those who spend much
time in close mental work and neg
lect to take enough exercise often
ftnd their stomachs unable to do the
work of digestion. The liver be
comes torpid. _ The bowels act ir
regularly. The brain refuses to
serve as it once did. Their preaching
becomes a failure, and there is a state
of general misery. So many minis
ters have been restored to health by
the use of Brown’s Iron Bitters that
the clergy generally are speaking to
their friends of this medicine as the
very best tonic and restorer they
know of It restores thin and watery
blood to its proper condition by ton
ing it up with the purest and most
invigorating preparation of iron that
science has ever made. It is pleas
ant to take, and acts immediately
with the happiest results, not only
on the parsons, but on other folia
as well, *

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