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The new dominion. [volume] (Morgantown, W. Va.) 1876-1904, April 21, 1888, Image 1

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Mingle copy, one year.$1.50
• Mingle copy, six month**. 75
Mingle copy, three months . 40
The circulation of the New Dominion
steadily increases and is larger now than
ever before.
Job Printing
isxsrn jiswou
Tbe charming daughters of Col.
Bob Ingersoll are even stronger athe
ists than their father.
The New York Democratic con
vention will be held in that city,
May 6th, and the State is solid for
Cleveland. Governor Hill would like
to be President, but will not make
trouble in the family.
The Chicago police have the ad
dress of every Socialist and Anarch
ist in Cook county, and every one
of prominence is under surveillance.
When tbe next outbreak comes the
proofs to bang a half dozen will be
at hand.
Prom Wisconsin comes the mo
mentous news that “a hen, accident
ally imprisoned under a barn at Fon
du Lac, was discovered at ibe end of
26 days a little weak and groggy,
but still quite responsive to the re
storative effects of a square meal.”
Cleveland has been a singularly
fortunate man, says the Winchester
Timet, so fortunate that he seems a
veritable Man of Destiny. But his
luck is no longer as conspicuous as
his brave, honest, high character, his
fortitude of purpose and his great
ability for engineering results of
practical beneficence. His renomi
nation and re-election are as certain
as anything in the future can be,and
history will give him a place high up
in the stately throng of American
The Cincinnati Enquirer a few
days ago printed a purported inter
view with ex-Senator Camden, of
this State, in which that gentleman
was represented as speaking in dis
paraging terms of President Cleve
land’s administration, and ns taking
a gloomy view of Democratic pros
pects in tbe country generally, and
particularly in West Virginia. Mr.
Camden has published^ a letter in
which lie says the- publication mis
represents his views in every respect,
and further that “nothing intended
to be in the nature of an interview
occurred at all.”
Tbe Cleveland Plaindealer, in
commenting upon the recent munici
pal elections in Connecticut, speaks
encouragingly, as follows: “The
hopes of our Republican friends to
carry doubtful States in the coming
Presidential election are growing
beautifully less as the time for the
election draws near. Out of a total
vote of 6,472 cast for the Democratic
and Republican candidates for May
or of the city of Bridgeport, Conn.,
the Democratic candidate received
3,488, or a majority of 1,504 over his
Republican opponent. The large
Democratic gains place the wooden
nutmeg State firmly in the Demo
cratic column for 1888.”
President Cleveland has written a
letter to the Civil si rvice commisnion
suggesting that the classified de
partment service be extended so as
to practically embrace within the
civil service all employes not ap
pointed by the President. The ex
tension will include on the top all
government clerks, wherever employ
ed, who are not subject to Presiden
tial appointment and will include
messengers, watchmen, copyists,etc.,
and every one in the Department ser
vice except laborers. Disbursing
officers, custodians, chiefs of divis
ions and private secretaries nre ex
empt from competitive examination.
The President cautions the commis
sion not to allow promotions from
the unclassified into the classified
service. It is understood that the
President’s views are shared by the
members of the commission.
Ex-Gov. Alger, of Michigan, has
now come out squarely as a Presi
dential candidate. He is now in
New York, and, in an interview, an
nounces the fact of his Presidential
aspirations, bat says he is not look
ing after his boom himself. He adds:
“I abhor the personal methods, and
shall not go about from State to
State trying to influence this ward
and that district to send a delegate
to the convention for me. Such
means I consider disreputable. The
office of President is a high one, and
I believe should come to a man in a
way that does not require the loss of
his dignity and respectability. I
have several business engagements
in different states, but I shall have
to defer them, because I know if I
keep them it might be said I was
trying to work up a boom in those
localities for myself.” It seems that
Mr. Alger is giving a sly dig to Sen
ator Sherman in the above remarks.
Major General A. H. Terry has
been placed on the retired list of the
army, on account of disability. His
sense of honor would not permit him
to remain in the service, and not to be
able to discharge his duties, thus
standing in the wav of those entitled
to promotion. General Terry prob
ably is the most distinguished sol
dier of the late war, who came
up from the volunteer army,
and rendered very important servi
ces to the country. It is a cause of
general regret that he was obliged to
leave a service he so much honored.
The President has promoted Briga
dier General Crook, to the vacancy
caused by Terry’s retirement, and
Colonel John B. Brooke, has been
made Brigadier General to fill the
vacancy caused by Crook’s promo
tion. General Brooke is a native of
Montgomery county, Pa., and enter
ed the service with the 4th regiment,
in 1861, and served through the war,
ith* rank of Brevet Major
Uphold Tour Own Town.
An exchange gives tiie following
ten reasons why people should spend
their money at home. They are so
forcible and well put that we cannot
refrain from presenting them to our
readers, hoping tljey will give them
the consideration they deserve:
1st. It is your home; you cannot
improve it much by taking money
away to spend or invest.
2d. There is no way of improving
a place so much as by encouraging
good merchants, good schools and
good people settling among you; this
cannot be done unless you spend
your money at home.
3d. Spend your money at home
because there is where you generally
get it. It is your duty.
4th. Spend your money at home,
because when it is necessary for you
to get credit, it is of your town mer
chants that you generally get it; and
they must wait for the money.
Therefore when you ha\" the cash in
hand spend it at home.
5th. Spend your money at home.
It will make better merchants of
your merchants; they can and will
keep better assortments, and sell at
lower rates than if the only business
they can do is what is credited out
while the money goes to other places.
6th. Spend your money at home.
You may have sons growing up who
will some day be the best merchants
in town. Help to lay the foundation
for them now. It is a duty. It may
be your pride in after years to Bay:
“By my trading at the store I got
my son a position as a clerk,and now
he is a proprietor.” Then you will
think it hard ifyour neighbors spend
their money out of town. Set the ex
ample now.
7th. Spend your money at home.
Set the example now. Huy your dry
goods, groceries, meats and every
thing at home, and you will see a
great change in a short time in the
business outlook of the place, there
fore, deal with your home merchants.
8th. Spend your money at home.
What do you gain by going oft?
Count the costs; see what you could
have done at home, by letting your
merchant have the cash. Strike a
balance and see if you would not
have been just as well off, besides
helping your merchant.
9th. Spend your money at home.
Your merchants are your neighbors,
your friends, they stand by you in
sickness; are your asssociates, with
out your trade they cannot keep your
business. No store, then no banks,
no one waiting to buy property to
settle on and build up your place.
10th. Merchants should do their
advertising at home. They should
get their bill heads, circulars, cards,
letter-heads, envelopes and all other
printing at home, of their own news
papers, who aid them in many ways,
and advertise them hundreds of times
without any pay whatever.
The President’s Style of Chief Justice.
A dispatch from Washington of a
recent date says: The President to
day told a Democratic Senator what
kind of a man he intended to appoint
Chief Justice of the United States.
In the first place, he said he would
appoint a Chief Justice, and not pro
mote any of the present members of
the bench to that position. In the
second place, he would not appoint
any member of his Cabinet.
In the third place, he would not
appoint anyone from the South, but
would find his man north of Mason
and Dixon’s line.
In the fourth place, his appointee
would be a Democrat less than 55
years of age, of good physical as well
as intellectual powers, and, while
not necessarily a man of national
reputation, must show eminent qual
ifications for the place. He said he
would like to take a man from the
Northwest, although he was not so
determined on that point.
In thousands of households the
Youth’s Companion has been a con
stant vistor every week for sixty
years, and men who were boys when
it was established in 1827 call at the
office of Perry Mason & Co., of Bos
ton, now to renew their subscriptions
for their grandchildren. Its growth
has been marvellous, and the cause
of its success is attributed by the
publishers to the care with which it
is edited. It is pure and elevating,
and at the same time vigorous and
entertaining. Another reason of its
success is that every member of the
family linds something that exactly
suits his taste in its varied columns.
We are not surprised at the Com
panion having more than 400,000
subscribers, when we see how it pro
vides something of interest for every
member of the family. The Com
panion is published weekly, and ful
ly illustrated. Its subscription price
is $1.75 a year.
Mixed Relationship.
On Saturday last a double wed
ding occurred in Hagerstown, Md.,
the parties being Charles Higgs and
flora Hauson, aud .James Hanson and
Emma B. Higgs, all of Virginia. Mr.
Hauson and Miss Hauson bore the
relationship of father and daughter,
and Mr. Higgs and Miss Higgs the
relation of brother and sister. The
father Mr. Hauson married Mr.
Higgs’ sister and Miss Hauson mar
ried Mr. Higgs, the brother of her
father's wife, so that Hauson is fa
ther-in-law and brother-in-law to his
daughter, and father-in-law and bro
ther-in-law to Mr. Higgs. Mrs. Hau
son is a sister, step-motherand moth
er-in law to Higgs and sister-in
law and step-mother to Mrs. Higgs.
Mr. Higgs is a son-in-law and bro
ther-in-law to Mr. Hauson, and Mrs.
Higgs is the sister-in-law, step
daughter and daughter-in-law of
Mrs Hauson.—Ex.
A perfectly sound body and a mind
unimpaired are possible only with
pure blood. Lending medical au
thorities indorse Ayer’s Sarsaparilla
as the best blood purifying medicine
in existence. It vastly increases the
working and productive powers of
both hand and brain.
The Victory to Cwiag.
The Boiton Advertiser give* up
the fight in advance of the first skir
rpigh and concede*, “as is generally
done in Washington,” that the Ways
and Means Committee’s bill will pass
the House. “It grows more and
more doubtful,” says the the Adver
tiser, “whether Mr. Randall's follow
ing will oppose the bill.” The ex
planation of the disintegration of the
Randall contingent is “persuasion of
Federal patronage and threats of be
ing driven from the party.” As to
the use of patronage to influence leg
islation it is simply a fiction. The
Advertiser is respectfully invited to
give the name of a single Congress
man who has been persuaded in that
way or to name a single appoint
ment that has been made for such a
purpose. The President has attend
ed strictly to his own business. His
tariff message and the circumstances
under which it was delivered afford
an ample explanation of the falling
off of opposition to war tariff tax re
duction. As to “threats of being
driven from the party,” it is only
necessary to say that any Congress
man elected as a Democrat would
take himself out of the party, bag
and baggage, if he were to vote
against the Democracy on the lead
ing issue between the two parties—
the issue on which the Presidential
campaign is to be fought. It would
be as absurd for a Presbyterian di
vine, in a Presbyterian pulpit, to
preach universal salvation, or a Cal
vinist Baptist to preach sprinkling,
as for a Democratic Representative
in the Fiftieth Congress to vote
against the issue and the candidate
of his party. The High-Protection
Democrats see this point, and that is
quite sufficient to account for Mr.
Randall's comparative loneliness.”
But the Advertiser, in its forecast,
does not leave the bill when it passes
the House. “Granted,” says our Bos
ton contemporary, “that the bill will
go to the Senate, it is the purpose
in that branch to amend it by sub
stituting the Republican plan. That
includes the abolition of the sugar
duty and the granting of a small
bounty to our sugar producers, the
wiping out of the tobacco tax, and
that upon alcohol used in the manu
turcs and the arts, with the correc
tion of the worsted schedule, as rec
ommended by the Treasury Depart
ment.” How does the Advertiser
know that it is the purpose of the
Senate to do anything of the kind?
We arc well aware that this is the
programme of the Protection ex
tremists, the advocates of a tarifTfor
protection, but the adherents of that
doctrine are a minority in the Sen
ate, as Mr. Reid, of the New York
Tribune, Mr. Smith of the Philadel
phia Press, and Mr. Porter, of the
New York Press, are fully'convinced.
These gentlemen, in their respective
journals, urge that the bill must be
beaten in the house in order to make
sure of its defeat.
But we are not anxious, except on
financial grounds, that the commit
tee’s bill shall go through the Sen
ate. Let it pass the House and be
killed in the Senate, and the issue
will be in splendid shape—in such
shape that Republican voters by the
thousands will come over to the
Democratic side every day till elec
tion time. The Republican party
stands pledged for tariff revision.
The Protection organs and speakers
have attempted no denial of the
pledge, but have repeatedly and in
many ways conceded the necessity
for its fulfillment. In a number of
the strongest Republican States and
one or two of the doubtful States
the Republican masses are demand
ing tariff1 reduction. The farmers of
Minnesota rise up and denounce the
war tariff as robbery and indorse
the President’s tariff message. In
all the cities of the Northwest there
are veteran Republican leaders,
who are calling on the R3pub
licans in the House of Represen
tatives to formulate a tariff reduc
tion bill. But instead of such a
measure, the minority of the Ways
and Means Committee has nothing
to offer but a proposition to repeal
some of the internal revenue taxes!
The talk about free sugar and a
bounty is nonsense. If the Republi
can party could have its own way
the sugar duty would go, but no par
ty will vote a bounty to any indus
try. The day' for that sort of tolly
went by long ago.)
If we could feel sure that the ac
cumulation of surplus would notdis
turb the business of the country we
would ask nothing better than a
campaign on the issue presented by
the committee’s bill and the minor
ity’s proposition—a proposition that
offers a stone in lieu of bread, a ser
pent in lieu of fish; a proposition
that insults the intelligence of the
American pcopic and makes the
great Republican party look meaner
and more contemptible than even its
enemies like to see it. We frankly
confess that it is mortifying to a
Democrat who is proud of his coun
try and glories in its history to see
a great party, a pnrty with a record,
shrivel up with premature senility
and prove itself a silly dotard on an
occasion when it ought to rise to the
full stature, physical and intellect
ual, of vigorous manhood.
The minority report, written by
Mr. McKinley, is a string of as
sumptions and fallacies. For exam
ple, he wages war on the proposition
to put wool on the free list. Of
course he means to argue in favor of
protection for the young and tender
Industry of wool growing. But its
steadily fallen under the influence of
the high tariff—that in 1867 it was
flfty-one cents, in 1870, forty-six
cents, in 1875 only forty-three cents,
and now it is so low as to be unprof
itable. If protection does not pro
tect, if the price goes down under an
enormous (luty, what is the use of a
duty? The truth is, as Mr. McKin
ley knows, but lacks the courage to
confess, the wool tax decreases the
demand and destroys the market.
Give our manufacturers free wool
and the markets of the world will be
open to the products of their looms.
Then the demand for wool will be
active and flocks of sheep will not
vanish, as they have been doing un
der the present and former wool tar
iffs. The wool-growers of Wisconsin
wrote to Congressman Nelson, -‘For
God’s sake put wool on the free-list;
don’t be afraid of the bleating of
sheep or their owners; they need no
more protection than hogs or hens.”
The situation is extremely cheer
ful just now. for the high tariff army
is on the run. It is demoralized and
panic-stricken. Its old charms will
not work. The phrases with which
the apostles of high protection have
hitherto conjured are as worthless
and impotent as the idle wind. The
most gigantic system of robbery ever
planned by the brain of man is tum
bling from its foundation. Our
friends in the House have only to
continue faithful to duty and the
long-prayed-for victory will come.
Meanwhile we bespeak for Mr.
Randall something of indulgent
charity from his high tariff masters.
Why lay the lash so pitilessly on his
shoulders, gentlemen? He has serv
ed you with rare fidelity. He is not
responsible for the swindling of his
following. Fate is against him and
you. The right is coming upper
most; justice is going to be done.—
Let Mr. Randall alone and, going to
the other end of the Capitol, devote
your time to cultivating the friend
ship of the distinguished Protective
Demccratic Senator who occupies the
unique position of being at the same
time an eloquent advocate of protec
tion to labor and an extensive lessee
of convict labor.— Washington Post.
If tariff keeps up the price of la
bor, why are our farm laborers bet
ter paid than the farm laborers of
England?' No one contends thatour
farmer’s products are protected by
the tariff, for England is the market
for their surplus. If tariff keeps up
the price of labor, why are all kinds
of wages at least twenty per cent
lower in New York than in Chicago?
No one will say Chicago has more
tariff than New York. And what a
shallow pretense it is, that the war
taxes must continue to be levied in
order to protect American labor from
the “pauper labor” of Europe, when
our immigration laws allow this very
“pauper labor” to come to our shores
without restriction and compete with
American labor in the “home mar
The Condition.
Both the President and the Secre
tary of the Treasury estimated in
December last that the surplus next
July will be, from the income of the
present fiscal year, 113 millions.
They both said there would be an
additional accumulation from pre
vious years which would enlarge the
total surplus next July to 140 mil
lions. Since then the Secretary has
revised his estimate, and declared
that the total surplus next July will
be 155 millions. It is to be assum
ed that the increase of 15 millions
has come from an enlarged annual
income this year, which will carry
this year’s surplus to 128 millions.
What of the next fiscal year, on the
basis of present expenditures? The
value of imports for 1887 surpassed
those of 1886 by 9 3-10 per cent, and
the duties were greater in 1887 than
in 1886, by $23,653,637. It will be
safe to assume a corresponding in
crease in 1888.
The sum of internal taxes was
greater in 1887 than in 1886 by $3,
262,944, and a similar increase in
1888 over 1887 may be assumed. We
are thus to have 155 superfluous mil
lions in July next, and 128 plus 27
millions, or another 155 millions
more, in 1888. What must happen
if this colossal sum of currency re
mains in the Treasury? The Secre
tary of the Treasury has told the
country in these two sentences taken
from his last annual report:
The Government provides, at large
annual cost, mints and a Bureau of
Engraving and Printing to coin and
print the various forms of money
and representatives of money, that
there may be a sufficient circulating
medium in the hands of our people
to enable them to conveniently ex
change the products of their labor
among themselves and with the peo
ple of the world. If we take into
the Treasury large amounts of these
circulating media in excess of what
we pay out, there will soon not be
money enough in the hands of the
people for the purposes of business;
serious derangement and disaster
must follow, and a portion of labor
must cease until the very evils which
this wrong condition creates shall
have worked a temporary cure by so
diminishing the consumption of food,
clothing, fuel and luxuries, by the
taxation of which the revenues of
the Government are raised, that tax
es do not exceed the expenditures of
In the presence of such a portend
ing calamity, is it not silly and child
ish to wrangle and brawl over the
sort of taxes that should be stopped?
All taxes are evils, whether they be
seaport or domestic taxes, free trade
or protective. Congress can never
do amiss, whatever tax it destroys
that is not needed for revenue and
the guarding of our liberties and our
What is required now is dediion
by the House. Speeches not intend
shM tii In fKa fTntm
be worse than in vain. The Demo
cratic party wishes the surplus
straightway destroyed. The differ
ences and difficulties among Demo
crats of the House in the way of
obeying the mandate of their party
to extirpate the surplus of 155 mil
lions, do not come so much from
theories and speculations over “a
revenue only from a tariff,” or “a
tariff for revenue only,” or over the
problem whether articles not pro
duced in our country shall be free,
and only articles from abroad< simi
lar to those which we can produce,
shall be taxed. The vexation in the
House comes to-day over the rival
ries of States to safeguard their pe
culiar products. Pennsylvania is
fighting for its metals; Kentucky for
its whisky; Ohio for its wool; Mich
igan for its lumber; Louisiana for
its sugar; California for its fruits,
and New England for its interests.
It is that contentious rivalry which
prevents a reduction of taxes.—New
York Star.
A copy of a cloth bound book of
544 pages, entitled “Our Family
Physician,” containing a table of
symptoms of the various diseases
and ailments as well as the mode of
treatment thereof, sold in book stores
for $3.00, will be given free to each
yearly subscriber of the Charleston
Weekly Star, on receipt of $1.50, and
15 cents to pay postage. The Week
ly Star contains from 20 to 25 col
umns of reading matter each issue,
embracing general news, State hap-1
penings, local events, editorial com- j
ments, etc.
The Charleston Daily Star, the |
leading Democratic paper of the
Southern portion of West Virginia,
is complete in all its departments,
and is carefully edited for general
The capital of the State is now lo
cated at Charleston, and every citi
zen needs an enterprising and relia
ble newspaper from the seat of gov
ernment, to keep properly informed
of State affairs. This is a State and
National campaign year, and you
will want to keep posted on all the
Sample copies sent free, of either
our daily or weekly edition. Terms:
Weekly, with a copy of our Family
Physician, $1.50 per year; without
premium, $1.00 per 3'ear; 50 cents
for six months; three months on
trial for 25 cents. Daily, 50 cents
per month, $1.25 for three months,
or $5.00 per year, invariably in ad
vance. Send for our terms to agents.
Address, John L. Thornhill,
Farmers on Turlff Revision.
The Chicago Times recently ob
tained expressions of opinion from a
large number of farmers in the West
and Northwest and an analysis of
these is as follows: “First. The
Democratic farmers are practically
unanimous in support of President
Cleveland’s tariff reform policy or
favorable to a more radical measure
of reform. Not nine per cent, of
them can be classed as Randall dem
ocrats, and if the tariff were made
the issue with the President’s mes
sage for the Democratic platform,
not one per cent, of them would vote
for the Republican candidate. The
number of those who avow them
selves as out and out free traders or
as favorable to a tariff for revenue
only is almost equal to the number
of those who call themselves tariff
reformers, but there are very few who
Javor such a sudden transition from
one extreme to the opposite one as
would cripple any of the manufac
turing interests of the country.
“Second. There is surprising prev
alence of tariff reform opinion among
Republican farmers. And there are
not less surprising indications of a
growth and spread of such opinion
in the Republican ranks. A few of
the Republican farmers interviewed
avowed themselves radical free tra
ders, but their number was not for
The Times concludes an extended
review of these opinions thus: “Of
all the farmers interviewed over 60
per cent, declared for tariff reform—
enough to carry the State that way
overwhelmingly if they would all vote
together. It-is noticeable, however,
that a considerable number of Re
publicans declared unequivocally
that they would vote for Cleveland
next fall rather than submit longer
to the tariff robbery,and a still larger
number declined to say what they
would do. Others admitted that they
had recently been converted to tariff
reform. All these things are indica
tions of what is to be expected at no
very remote time, if not this year,
and the politicians may advantage
ously make a note of it”
How They Grew Htch.
The industrial States have not only
shaped the revenue policy of the
government for the benfit of their
manufacturing interests, but they
have been equally successful in sha
ping the financial policy of the gov
erment, also for the special benefit of
their monetary interests. There was
not a financial measure taken by the
government from 1862 to 1885 with
a single notable exception, that was
not dictated or suggested by them;
and it may be inferred that they
made no small amount of money by
To-day nine Eastern States hold
mortgages on Western and Southern
farm lands and improvements to the
value of over $350,000,000, bearing an
annual interest of $18,000,000. The
Hartford Insurance companies alone
hold $70,000,000 in Western farm
mortgages, and the loan companies
of Boston hold even a greater amount.
This unequal distribution of nation
al wealth is the direct result of in
iquitous revenue and financial poli
Thanks to a Democratic adminis
tration, the financial policy has been
changed. The revenue iniquity still
continues. Daily it takes from the
pockets of the poor to put into the
pockets of the rich. It taxes the con
sumer on every article of purchase,
the implemeyts of his toil, his cloth
ing his food, while the protected pro
ducer accumulates an unearned for
The record of twenty years’ expe
rience is plain. National wealth is
accumulated and concentrated in a
Ckmm m Treacadcu Seasa*
llOM la lew Yark.
Loleta Dim Debar, as “Princes*
Edith*,” the Spiritualist who
ha* Won Complete Control
orer a Prominent New
York Lawyer.
The newspapers have been teem
ing for several days with accounts of
a woman's strange career in New
York. There is some local interest
attached to the story for the reason
that Mmc. Diss Debar at one time
lived in Parkersburg, this State,
where she is still remembered by
many people. A New York letter of
recent date gives the subjoined his
tory of her:
‘•Not since the days of Blavatsky,
the seeress and Theosophist of occult
memory,and of Woodhull and C'laflin,
has New York had such a sensation
as that afforded by Edith Loleta Diss
Debar, whose fame, notoriety, like
the temple of Aladdin, has risen al
most in a night. Yesterday many
people walked blocks out of their
way to get a sight of the ‘Temple’ at
No. 166 Madison avenue, presented
to the Princess by her devoted wor
shiper, Lawyer Luther R. Marsh.
Another evidence of growing celeb
rity was alforded in three ‘cranks’
calling at the house, one of whom
wished to sing to the spirit paint
ings. She professes to be a spirit
ualist and her influence is startling.
She is the one topic of conversation
in certain circles.
*‘A former member of the English
diplomatic service, now residing in
this city, was seen by a reporter yes
terday. He said:
‘“In 1876 this Mmc. Diss Debar
came in a starving condition, with
one or two small children, to Mrs.
E. Gillespie, of Philadelphia, the
President of the Woman’s Depart
ment of the Centennial Exhibition,
stating that she was deserted
by her husband and absolutely with
out resources. She told Mrs. Gilles
pie a story about her being the nat
ural daughter of King Louis I, of
Bavaria, and Lola Montez. Mrs.
Gillespie is a very kind hearted wo
man, and took her at her word, and
for several months during the exhi
bition the stranger presided at the
catalogue stall in the woman’s pa
vilion. She was at the time a rather
coarse, stout looking woman and in
a perpetual state of perspiration.
Towards the end of the exhibition
she got into trouble and left. Her
pretentions as a daughter of King
Ixiuis I excited great derision among
the foreigners and diplomats in Phil
adelphia at the time.’
“A dispatch from Parkersburg, W.
Va., says: In 1871 J. II. Debar, then
a middle-aged man of French nativ
ity, was living in this city with his
second wife, who was, before Debar
married her, a country girl whom he
had found in Doddridge county, and
engaged her as his housekeeper.
Debar was of brilliant mind, specious
and plausible in manner. In 1872,
or thereabouts, there suddenly ap
peared in this city a voluptuous,
splendidly dressed woman, who
claimed to have come from Paris.
She put up at a hotel as Mine. Mes
sant, where she was visited by Mr.
Debar. Debar’s visits to Mme. Mes
sant, or ‘Countess Messant,’ as he
called her, became so frequent that
they caused considerable talk. Fin
ally he had her removed to his home
in the same house with his wife.
Countess Messant remained in the
Debar house for some time, appear
ing upon the street and in public
places with Debar. She finally dis
appeared, and shortly after, Debar
removed with his family to Philadel
phia. It is said he left them after
wards. His wife is now provided
for in that city by her children. He
then took up his residence in New
York, where he was joined by the
Countess. Diss Debar was formerly
West Virginia’s State Commissioner
of Immigration, and is well known
throughout the State.
‘‘Said a gentleman, last night, who
knows her from her infancy: ‘She is
one of the most audacious adventur
ers this country has ever produced,
and one of the most dangerous. Her
poor, old, honorable and respectable
mother is now living in Louisville,
Kentucky, and is well nigh heart
broken over hei daughter’s conduct.
Only three or four months ago the
mother was thought to be at the
point of death, and then I saw Mme.
Diss Debar crying and wringing her
hands in pretended grief, though at
that very time she was telling Mr.
Marsh that she was the daughter of
the wanton Lola Montez. Her hus
band, General Diss Debar, as he now
calls himself, is aiding and abetting
her in her trickery, for he was with
her at her home in Kentucky, and
knows her mother and her people,
and knows that she is lying when
she pretends to be King Ludwig’s
daughter. I have no doubt that she
is the author of the pictures which
she is palming off on her dupes as
spirit productions. The papers are
gradually getting track of her do
ings, but they won’t be able to get
hold of a tenth of them. Ever since
she started on her iniquitous career
she has procured money by hook or
by crook, but so far she has man
aged to escape arrest for her offenses.
She has imposed on many Catholic
clergyman; and, doubtless, Dr. Mc
Glynn, of this city, and Bishop Gil
mour, of Cleveland, Ohio, would be
able to add something to her story.’
“It is understood that a meeting
of the friends of Mr. Marsh will he
held early next week to try and de
vise ways and means of freeing him
from the influence of the woman,
Diss Debar.”
Wonderful Cures.
W. D. Hoyt & Co., Wholesale and
Retail Druggists, of Rome, Ga., say:
We have beeD selling Dr. King’s
New Discovery, Electric Bitters and
Bucklen’s Arnica Salve for four
years. Have never handled remedies
that sell as well, or give such uni
versal satisfaction. There have
been some wonderful cures effected
by these medicines in this city.
Several cases of pronounced Con
sumption have been entirely cured
by use of a few bottles of Dr. King's
New Discovery, taken in connection
with Electric Bitters. We guarantee
them always. Sold by J. M. Reed
A Co.
A Brief Sjrnopsls of Hap* and Mishaps
Oeearrlns in Oar State
Aut Scissors Aut Nihil.
There is some disposition in cer
I tain quarters to contest the legality
\ of the appropriation for the new asy
lum at Spencer. The argument
against it is that the appropriation
was made at the special session of
the Legislature, and that it was not
one of the subjects mentioned in the
proclamation of the Governor in as
sembling the Legislature in special
Dr. Byrd, of Tucker county, had
j rather a thrilling adventure in
Blackfork a few days ago. He was
crossing it when a wave, resulting
from the opening of a splash dam,
struck his horse, knocking' him
down and throwing the doctor into
the water. It was only by getting be
low a large rock which broke the
current that kept him from being
washed away. After about half an
hour's patient waiting he was res
cused, his only loss being his saddle
Deputy Collector G. A. Goshorn
sold two confiscated stills Friday
at public auction, at Charleston.
One was a 60 gallon affair, captured
in the wilds of Jackson county, and
its operator, the notorious Hev. W.
S. Kiser, is serving a term of eight
years in the penitentiary for “moon
shining." The capacity of the smaller
one is forty gallons. It was taken
in Lincoln county, and its owners,
two Kentuckians, named respective
ly Vance and Smith, are still at
large. They are reported to be des
perate characters, who care no more
for human life than they do for that
of a snake. The larger of the two
stills sold for #9 and the other
brought $7.25.
Messrs. Rockhold and Thorn, dep
utized officers from Wirt county, ar
rived here yesterday with an insane
prisoner whom they were taking to
Weston for confinement in the asy
lum. His name is Webb and be is
about thirty years of age. It is said
that he lost his mind under the in
fluences of C. T. Caldwell’s preach
ing at Klizabeth some weeks ago.
He became a fanatic on the subject
of religion nnd brooded over it until
his reason lost its throne. He has
turned preacher, and in his ravings
is constantly quoting Caldwell. Mr.
Caldwell was asked this morning if
he remembered seeing Webb at his
meetings at Elizabeth. He says that
he does not remember him. but add
ed that if an individual must go in
sane on any subject it is better that
it should be religion than any other.
—Parkersburg journal.
Bogus Baking Pow der Tests.
Bather ingenious but not less
fraudulent are the pretended tests of
baking powders being made in many
of onr kitchens by agents who are
trying to further the sale of the Chi
cago article. These BO-called tests
consist in mixing separately, with
water, a sample of tue baking pow
der found in the house and of that
carried by the agent. From that
found in the house, if a pure article,
the bubbles of gas will rise and burst
on top like those from a glass of
champagne. The Chicago baking
powder which they carry, when mix
ed with water, will show an extra
froth upon the top of the mixture
which is claimed as evidence of
superiority. On the contrary, how
ever, it is not only the exhibition of
a trick, but is absolute proof that
the baking powder which so acts is
adulterated. The cbemistz have as
certained that the adulterant used
is a chemical added for the express
purpose of producing this action and
deceiving housekeepers as to the
true value of the baking powder.
This is not only a dishonest trick,
but a dirty one, for the chemical is
the product of the filthy refuse of
the slaughter house, and if this bak
ing powder is used in the prepara
tion of food, passes into the biscuit
or cake without change. Of course,
any statements made in reference to
other baking powders, by parties
caught in practicing such tricks as
these for the purpose of deceiving
the public, will be entitled to no
It is probably wisest in the inter
est of our families, and to prevent
our food from being contaminated
by tramps of this kind, to turn all
persons who wish or attempt to
tamper with it uncerimoniously from
the door, and to use those articles
only which experience has proved
satisfactory', or the official tests have
established as pure and wholesome.
The Boy Who Wins.
Who wins in any undertaking?
He who starts in with a resolute de
termination to succeed and sticks to
it. Id everything there are discour
agements and obstacles to be over
come. A pretty illustration of this
is found in the following anecdote:
At one of the mills in the city of
Boston a boy was wanted, and a
piece of paper was tacked on one of
the posts:
“Boy wanted. Call at the office
to-morrow morning.”
At the time named there was a
host of boys at the gate. All were
admitted, but the overseer was a lit
tle perplexed as to the best way of
choosing one from so many, and he
said, “Now, boys, when I only want
one of vou how can 1 choose from so
After thinking a moment, he call
ed them into the yard, drove a nail
into a tree, and taking a short stick,
told them that th° boy who could
hit the nail with a stick n little dis
tance from the tree should have the
The boys each tried three times
and failed to hit the nail. They
were told to come again the next
morning. When the gate was open
ed there was but one boy, who, after
being admitted, picked up the stick,
and throwing it at the nail, hit it
every time.
“How is this?” said the overseer.
“What have you been doing?”
And the boy said: “You see, I
have a mother, and we are very poor.
I have no father, and I thought I
would like to get the place, and so
help all I can; and, after going home
yesterday, I drove a nail into the
barn and have been trying ever since,
and have come down this morning to
try again." •
The boy was admitted to the place.
Many years have passed, and this
The had Stery of the Fate of a
Haataat Voaac Lady.
Putinlira of the Self-Instruction oft
Ritchie t'ountv tJIrl. .
Middlebourne, W. Va., April 14.
—Additional particulars of the sen
sational suicide of Miss Adaline
Vore, of Ritchie county, have just
come to hand. It is one of the sad
dest stories of woman's misplaced
confidence and man's perfidy that
has occurred in the State. Miss Vore
was a beautiful young lady, and the
name of her lover is Oliver Hess
Her letter to him is one of the most
pathetic ever written. It is such a
letter as a woman ruined but still
pure minded would write. The par
ticulars of the suicide arc. in detail,
as follows:
She was living with Mrs. Perkins,
and about 8 o’clock in the morning
she went into a granary near the
house, mounted a barrel, made a rope
by tearing her apron in two and
twisting it, fastened it to a beam
overhead and then kicked the barrel
from under her feet. The barrel fell
against the window, making a noise
which attracted the attention of Mrs.
Perkins, who ran to the granary im
mediately. If she had had the pres
ence of mind to cut her down at
once her life might have been saved,
but she was frightened so badly that
she could do nothing but scream. D.
W. Hess was plowing in a field near
by, and was attracted by the loise,
but before he could get to the gran
ary the girl was dead. She had been
receiving the attentions of Ollie Hess,
and had loved not wisely but too
well. The following is a copy of a
letter she left, addressed to her false
Ollie: Why cannot you do ns
you have promised? Now I am go
ing to leave my troubles with you.
God will have you to answer for this.
Now, Ollie, I ask you, for God’s
sake, never to treat another girl ns
you have me. Remember as long as
you live that you caused my soul to
be lost forever. But I can no longer
bear this. O. may God forgive you;
I never can. I have plead with you
to do as you have promised, for the
sake of your credit, if not mine; but
it is too late now for you to make up
your mind. Never forget the trouble
you have caused ine. Farewell, Ollie,
forever and ever. Adaline Vore. •
The unfortunate girl also wrote
to her mother as delicately as in the
other instance. This letter is be
Mother: I nm going to leave this
world. I can no longer endure this. I
can’t get Ollie to do anything, lie
promised to marry me but his moth
er said she would kill herself it ho
did marry me. So as I have no place
to stay, I will leave you all. I would
like to see you all once more, but I
can’t come home. This is the best
I can do, for you will soon get over
this and if I live there will be no
trouble with us as long as I live for
1 would never marry another man if
I lived a hundred years.
•‘Mother, I don’t want you to grieve
for me.
“Tell John I want him to have my
trunk, and Ida to have my coat, and
Millie my ear rings, and give Mary
Perkins my quilt. She has been bet
ter to me than any one cIbc. Tell pa
I would like to sec him but I can not
come to see him. Tell him not to
grieve, for 1 am leaving my troubles
in this world.
“Tell Sissie to think of me as long
as she lives. Farewell, forever and
ever! Give this to mother.
Miss Vore informed Hess that un
less he married her immediately she
would kill herself. He saw her the
day before the suicide, but did not
return to comply with her request,
and she promptly kept her word.
Growth of a Big Book.
When Webster’s Unabridged was
first published in one volume, it was
a comparatively small book. Some
years after, an addition was made of
1,500 Pictorial Illustrations, A Table
of Synonyms, and an Appendix of
New Words that had come into use.
A few years later came an entirely
new revised edition of larger size,
with 3,000 Pictorial Illustrations,
then, after an interval of a few years,
a Biographical Dictionary of nearly
10,000 Names, and a Supplement of
nearly 5,000 New Words were added,
and now there has come a new and
most valuable addition, A Gazeteer
of the World, of over 25,000 Titles.
The work is now not only the Dic
tionary, par excellence, but a Bio
graphical Dictionary, a Gazetteer of
the World, and a great many other
good things in its many valuable
Sam Small is preparing for a tem
perance crusade in Georgia, and is
having a tent made in which he ex
pects to hold his meetings. It will
hold about ten thousand people,
there can be nothing small about it.
The interest excited by the move
ment will doubtless be in tents.
Ayer’s Cathartic Pills are suited
to every age. They are mild and
pleasant in action, thorough and
searching in effect, and, being sugar
coated, are easy to take. These pills
never fail to give satisfaction.
Praise Yonr Wife.
Praise your wife, man; for pity’s
sake, give her a little encourage
ment, it won’t hurt her. She doesn’t
expect it; it will make her eyes open
wider and wider than they have for
the last ten years; but it will do her
good for all that, and you too. There
are many women to-day thirsting for
a word of praise and encouragement.
You know that if the floor is clean,
labor has been performed to make it
so. You know that if you can take
from your drawer a clean shirt when
ever you want it, somebody’s lingers
have toiled. Why don’t you come
out with it heartily: “Why, how
pleasant you make things look, wife,"
or “I am obliged to you for taking
so much pains.’’ If you gave a hun
dred and sixteenth part of the com
pliments you utmost, choked them
with before they were married, if you
would stop the badinage of women
you are going to have when number
The Progress of Christlanltf Among tin
Enpms of India’s Snljeet*.
The first idea of our missionaries
was to make converts from the es
tablished religions of India. Dur
ing the last fifty years this idea has
been modified. In such a country
a religion must stand or fall by what
it docs for the well-being of its own
people. This principle applies to
the great religions of modern India
— Mohammedanism, Hindooism, and
Christianity. There is a dense and
dark mass of 50,000,000 of human
beings in India lying on the out
skirts or beyond the pale of orthodox
Hindooism and Islam. Within fifty
years these 50,000,000 will be ab
sorbed into one or other of the high
er faiths. Islam represents in Brit
ish ludia a compact and coherent
mass of 45,000,000, who, in spite
of internal divisions, are more close
ly united thun any equally large sec
tion of the people by a common re
ligious bond. Hindooism is a so
cial organization and religious con
federacy. As a social organization
it rests on caste. As a religious con
federacy it represents the coalition
of the cultured faith of the Brah
mans with the ruder rites and ma
terialistic beliefs of the more back
ward races. In both aspects Hin
dooism is a deliberate system of
compromise. It accepts the position
that the spiritual needs of races dif
fer in each stage of their develop
ment, that man most naturally wor
ships shat, for the lime being, he
most reverences or most fears. On
this foundation Hindooism has built
up the enduring but ever-changing
structure of Indian ritual and be
lief. No conversions to Islam on a
considerable scale have taken place
since 1872. Kven a solitary ease
might be sought for in vain of such
a change of religious belief from con
scientious conviction. But a small
amount of conveisions is going stead
ily on. It proceeds from social and
economical reasons, and is confined
to the lower orders, and occurs often
er among females than males. Hin
doos who have lost caste; women
who have fallen into an immoral
life; men who have abandoned their
family faith for the sake of a woman
of the other creed—these, and such
as these release themselves from the
restraints of caste rules by adopting
Islam. In such conversions relig
ious feeling has no place. Into this
ancient and powerful organization
a new religious force has thrust it
self; n force animated by a profound
ly different spirit. Christianity is
not a religion in India. Its history
dates from a period 700 years be
fore the mediu'val Hindooism, and a
1,000 years before any widespread
Indian settlement of Islam. The
new religious force now at work
amid Hindooism is neither the Nes
torianism of the patriarchs nor the
( atholicism of the popes. The
Catholic and Syrian churches still
go on calmly with their great task,
and claim over 1,000,000 of 2, 158,
227 Christains in India. The new
disruptive force is Protestant and
Anglican Christianity. English
missionary work began in the last
year of the lust century. The results
achieved by the three missionary
periods in India—the period of pri
vate effort, the period of great or
ganized societies, and the period at —
societics side by side with ascetic
brotherhoods—may be thus summar
ized. In 1801 the Protestant Mis
sions in India and Burmah had 222
stations; in 1881 their stations bad
increased nearly three fold, to 601.
The number of churches or congre
gations had during the thirty years
multiplied from 267 to 4,180, or over
fifteen-fold. There is not only a
vast increase in the number of sta
tions, but a still greater increase in
the work done by each station; while
the native Protestant Christians in
creased from 91,092 in 1851 to 492,
882 in 1881, and the communicants
increased from 14,661 to 138,254.
During the same thirty years the
pupils in mission schools multiplied
from 64,043 to 196,360. These enor
mous increments have been obtained
by1 making a larger use of native
energy. A native Protestant church
has, in truth, grown up in India,
capable of supplyiug, in a large
measure, its own staff. In 1851
there were twenty-one ordained min
isters; and in 1881 they had increas
ed to 575. The number of native
lay preachers had risen from 493 to
the vast total of 2,586. The wonder
ful growth of the native clergy in
recent years has brought Christiani
ty closer to native institutions. The
appointment of native bishops, for
which the time is at hand, will do
more. Indian Christianity, organ
ized on the Indian communal basis
and in part directed by native
itual leaders, would reproduce, as
far as divergent creeds of modern
times permit, Tertullian’s picture
of the early churches united by “the
communion of peace, the title of
brotherhood, the token of hospitali
ty and the tradition of one faith.”— ’
Sir W. AT. Hunter in the London
How Men Die.
The Best Salve in the
Cuts, Bruises, Sores, Ulcers,
Rheum, Fever Sores, Tetter, Chapped
Hands, Chilblains, Corns, and l
Skin Eruptions, and positively cures
Piles, or no pay required. It is
guaranteed to give perfect satisfac
tion, or money refunded,
cents per bo*.
Reed* Co.
If we know all the methods of ap
proach adopted by an enemy we are
the better enabled to ward off the
danger and postpone the moment
when surrender becomes inevitable.
In many instances the inherent
strength of the body suffices to en
able it to oppose the tendency to
ward death. Many however have
lost these forces to such an extent
that there is little or no help. In
other cases a little aid to the weak
ened Lungs will make all the differ
ence between suddeu death and
many years of useful life. Upon the
first symptoms of a Cough, Cold or
any trouble of the Throat or
give that old and well known reme
dy—Boshcee's German Syrup,
careful trial. It will prove
thousands say of it to be, the
factor of any home.”

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