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The new dominion. [volume] (Morgantown, W. Va.) 1876-1904, April 28, 1888, Image 1

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JULIAN E. FLEMING,
PUBLISHER and PROPRIETOR.
. TEItMH OF Sl'BSCKIPTION :
Single copy, one year. $1.60
Single copy, six months ... 75
Single copy, three month*. -10
The circulation of the New Dominion
steadily increases and is larger now than
ever before.
--——.—-—*
DEVOTED TO THE INTERESTS OF MONONGALIA COUNTY.
VOLUME XXIII.
MORGANTOWN, WEST VIRGINIA, SATURDAY, APRIL 28, 1888.
NUMBER 1
Job Printing
18 ONE OF THE W5ST
EQUIPPED IN THE STATE
esxmwos to
EXECUTED ON SHORT NOTICE
—IN THE—
BEST STYLE
ANI> AT THE
LOWEST RATES.
Democratic Meeting*.
The Democratic Executive Com
mittee of Monongalia county met in
. Morgantown on Saturday, April 14,
to fix the time and place for holding
district meetings throughout the
• county to appoint delegates to at
tend the Grafton convention on the
' 8th of May. Meetings in the several
districts were called for Saturday,
April 28, 1888, at 1 o'clock p. m., at
the following places:
Battelle district, Cross Roads.
Clay “ Rod Tennant’s store.
Clinton “ Smithtown.
Cass “ Maidsville.
Grant “ A. C. Barker’s.
Morgan “ Morgantown.
, Union “ Stewartstown.
Each district meeting is directed
to select four delegates and four al
ternates.
Each district meeting is also re
quested to appoint two members for j
the County Executive Committee.
Each district shall also appoint a
District Executive Committee, con
’sisting of five members, in addition |
toithe two members of the County
Committee, the latter to be ex officio
numbers of the District Committee.
Democrats ure especially refpiested
to attend these meetings and appoint
full delegations.
The secretary of each meeting is
expected to send his report to the
New Dominion as soon as the meet- j
1 ings are held that the list can be
published. R. S. Lantz, Cli’m.
Jos. Moreland, Sec’y.
There seems to be little doubt in
"Washington that Hon. Wm. L. Scott
j Js stated for the chairmanship of the
JWemocratic National Committee.
It is said that Col. Ben. Wilson
will be a candidate for Congress in
the First district. If that be so
General Goff’s successor will be-a
| Democrat.
The democratic majority in Louis
iana is only 75,000. This is an "off
I year”.election. In November next
we expect that State to roll up at
l leant 150,000.
I No enterprise that lias originated
I iin Morgantown for a long time has
attracted such wide attention as the
, State Normal Institute. It promises
to be a success.
The trans-Atlantic steamship
I companies are stopping the booking
of Irish emigrants, because the num
ber of applicants for passage is
greater than can be accommodated
Down in Virginia the Republicans
are warring among themselves, and
> each faction swears that it will never
let up until the other is annihilated.
That is the way the Republicans car
ry both Virginias.
There is a law in Ohio, which was
recently passed, prohibiting boys
under sixteen years of age buying
cigarettes, tobncco or cigars. That’s
all right, but it is safe to say that
the average Buckeye boy will still
continue in the habit of smoking and
chewing. The law would be all
right if it could be enforced.
Mr. Charles O. Scull has been ap
pointed General Passenger Agent of
the B. A O. Railroad Company. He
succeeds Mr. C. K. Lord, who was
promoted to a Vice Presidency. Mr.
I Scull is a thorough railroad man
and will manage the passenger de
partment with the same efficiency
that has characterized it so long.
Our favorite contemporary, the
Wheeling Intelligencer, says: “We
may not carry West Virginia this
year, but we are going to have a
great deal of fun.” Certainly; you
always .have a “great deal of fun,”
but you don’t elect anybody. We
are glad to learn that our neighbor
is so easily satisfied. The Demo
crats always want something more
substantial than fun.
An editor works 364^ days per
year to get out fifty-two issues of a
paper; that’s labor. Once in a while
somebody ' pays him for a year’s
subscription, that’s capital; and once
in a while some son of a gun of a
dead beat takes the paper for a year
or two and then vanishes, neglecting
to pay for it, that’s anarchy; but la
ter on justice will overtake the last
named creature, for there is a place
where he will get his deserts.-Aa;.
An exchange very tersely remarks
that the Democratic party is too
wise to renominate the President
upon any other grounds than that,
as he has earned the confidence of
the people, he is most likely to bring
victory to its banner, and if this be
its judgment in convention assem
bled, how can Mr. Cleveland with
hold his consent unless he is recre
ant to all sense of duty and grati
tude to the great party of which he
is the leader.
The New York Daily News, in
speaking of the possibility that Pres
ident Cleveland may not accept a re
nomination, and expressing the hope
that nothing in the convention may
prevent his nomination by aeelama
tion, says: “Mr. Cleveland would
not refuse a nomination tendered
him in conformity with the over
whelming sentiment and imperative
demand of his party. Hut something
more than his acceptance would be
insured by such a nomination. It
would arouse the Democracy to en
thusiasm and spur their partisanship
to the highest degree of exertion for
the success of the ticket. A stand
ard bearer who has known no faction
against him is strong not only in the
confidence that he feels, but in the
confidence with which he inspires
his followers. A sweeping Demo
cratic victory next November would
settle the party permanently upon
the foundations of its supremacy in
national polities. Let the delega
tions go to St. Louis predetermined
to compel Cleveland’s acceptance of
the nomination by the unanimity of
»tea,. and the party will go
with the sign of
Why Blaise Coaid Hot Carry Hew York.
Mr. Blaine’s renomination haa
been tbe one definite aim of most of
the party managers for fonr years.
Why abandon it now, even if the
candidate himself should be resigned
to such a course? Like Napoleon
the Little, he represents “a princi
ple, a cause, and a defeat,” as no
other candidate does or can, and be
side his claims those of all his com
petitors sink into insignificance.
Accept the Blaine premises, and
there can be but one conclusion—
that Blaine's nomination is indis
pensable to Republican success.
But arc the premises correct?
Can the Blaine advocates point to
such gains as to entitle them to ex
pect that, with a continuance of the
party management of the last four
years, they can elect the candidate
of their choice? Above all, is there
a better chance of carrying New
York for Mr. Blaise than there was
four years ago? The last question
goes to the heart of the political sit
uation, and, at the risk of seeming
to assume that the less includes tbe
greater, an answer to it must be
held to be decisive of the entire con
troversy. “They reckon ill who
leave me out” is a statement which
may be made this year more emphat
ically than ever by the voters of the
State of New York. There is no vis
ible chance for Mr. Blaine in Indi
ana, even if there be in New Jersey,
and it needs a change in the Presi
dential vote of both States to leave
the political complexion of New York
a matter of indifference.
By no ingenuity of figuring which
does not ignore the election returns
of the last four years can it be shown
that there is any likelihood of Mr.
Blaine carrying this State. The
claim that he can is very much of a
piece with that other assumption of
his friends, that, because he received
forty-eight per cent, of the votes of
his fellow citizens in 1884, the
charges made against his character
and public record may be regarded
as dismissed. The last Presidential
vote may be cited as a “vindication”
of the Republican party, with some
obvious qualifications, but it can
hardly be appealed to as a vindica
tion of Mr. Blaine. In this State
there was certainly a considerable
body of Republicans who voted for
Mr. Blaine under protest, and who
are not likely to vote for him again.
Timid men will be under no such
compulsion as they were in 1884 to
take counsel of their fears. Democ
racy does not spell “ruin” in the
sense that Mr. Blaine and his advo
cates on the stump said it did.
Scrupulous men will find it easier to
choose than they did in 1884 between
the present occupant of the White
House—who is the only conceivable
candidate of the Democracy—and
the author of the Mulligan letter.
Mr. Cleveland’s bachelor life will
furnish no more campaign material,
but Mr. Blaine has not ceased to be
the representative of certain degen
erate tendencies of American states
manship. In the last resort the Re
publican party in this State must
appeal to a resolute minority of vot
ers who regard Mr. Blaine with a
feeling compounded of suspicion and
dislike. And tn these the party will
be less than it was four years ago,
and tbe candidate more.
The Verdict Unanimous.
W. D. Suit, Druggist, Bippus, Ind.,
testifies: “I can recommend Elec
trie Bitters as the very best remedy.
Every bottle sold has given relief in
every case. One man took six bot
tles, and was cured of Rheumatism
of 10 years’ standing.” Abraham
Hare, druggist, Bellville, Ohio, af
firms: “The best selling medicine I
have ever handled in my 20 years’
experience, is Eleetric Bitters.”
Thousands of others have added
their testimony, so that the verdict
is unanimous that Electric Bitters
do cure all diseases of the Liver,
Kidneys or Blood. Only a half dol
lar a bottle at J. M. Reed & Co.’s
Drug Store.
Why They Have Sot Married.
We sent out a few days since a
note of inquiry to a number of bach
elors in the city, asking them to give
us, confidentially and briefly for pub
lication, the reason why they never
married. Over-half of them have
answered, and we give our readers
some of the causes assigned:
“Am only forty-five years old.
Consider myself too young.”
“Haven’t been properly urged.”
“Some other fellow married the
girl. I owe him a debt of gratitude.
She made it lively for him.”
“Heard that my financee snored,and
I broke off the engagement.”
“Came very near being married
once; I asked a girl and she said
‘no.’ ”
•‘The happiest man I ever saw was
one who had just been divorced.”
“I had a friend who was married.
He sent me a book called ‘Don’t-.’ ”
“I know a man who sent in his
resignation at the club the same day
the invitations to his wedding were
sent out. In three months he was
re elected in the club and now
spends his evenings from 8 until 12
o’clock with the boys. This makes
me wonder.”
“Am afraid to get married. I know
two or three young married men who
congratulate each other when their
wives go out of town. Think they
ought not to do so; but there must
lie some cause.”
“Find considerable difficulty in
bringing my diverge rays of affec
tion to focus, owing to the heautv
and charms of so many Richmond
girls.— Richmond. Stale.
The exhausted and drowsy feel
ings, common to spring time, indi
cate an impure and sluggish condi
tion of the blood, which may bo
remedied by the use of Ayer’s Sar
saparilla. It is the most powerful,
and, at the same time, most econom
TUi li Fnpm,
Less than a month ago the organa
of a tariff for protection were filled
with contemptuous sneers at the
Ways and Means Committee's bill;
now they are giving it the most seri
ous and weighty consideration.—
Then it was a monster of such fright
ful mien that, to be hated, it needed
but to be seen; now, after it has
been seen and studied by the coun
try, it is being discussed by those or
gans in a mannor that indicates the
gravest apprehensions. Then it was
spoken of as having been born dead;
now it is the most thoroughly inspir
ing of all live topics. Then it was
sure to be denied consideration by
the Democratic House of Represen
tatives; now it is almost certain to
pass the House of Representatives
and the organs are apparently in
despair of defeating it in the Senate.
This is progress, this is pushing
on at a brave pace towards the vic
tory that, sooner or later, must come
to the good cause of revenue reform.
Under such cheering circumstances
the friends of the bill can well afford
to smile at the foolish rage of the
disappointed organs. Some of these
are making themselves very ridicu
lous by abuse of President Cleveland
because of his influence in making
friends for the bill. Of course he
has made friends for it, but not by
any violation of the proprieties of
his office. It was his constitution
al duty to call the attention of Con
gress to the necessity of reducing
the revenue. The situation was seri
ous and he treated it as a serious
matter. We apprehend the high
protection brethren will readily ad
mit that the President did call the
attention of Congress and the coun
try to the subject, that the call was
a loud one and that its echoes are
still reverberating. Baxter’s “Call to
the Unconverted” has not been re
sponded to with anything like the
promptness and enthusiasm with
which the people have responded to
this call of President Cleveland.
It is charged that the President
has expressed a wish to Congress
men to have this bill passed. Well,
what if he has? Is it his duty to be
dumb as to the fate of a measure
that has been framed in response to
his official recommendation? Is he
to sit in solemn silence like a Stough
ton bottle or. a stone man when the
interests of the nation, the success
of his Administration and the future
of his party are at stake? He is not
that kind of a man. He will always
be duly mindful and conscientiously
careful as to the-line of demarcation
between the executive and legisla
tive departments, but he will not for
get that the President is, by virtue
of his office, the leader of his party.
But far greater than the influence
of the President, stronger than all
the influences emanating from offi
cial circles, js the tide of indorse
ment that is rolling in from the peo
ple. That is what is carrying the
bill along, and will continue to carry
it, and the anger of the organs of
war-tariff taxation should be di
rected to the men who lately were
their dupes and are now their oppo
nents.— Wash. Post.
Who to Yonr Best Friends.
Your stomach of course. Why?
Because if it is out of order you are
one of the most miserable creatures
living. Give it a fair, honorable
chaucc and sec if it is not the best
friend you have in the end. Don’t
smoke in the morning. Don’t drink
in the morning. If you must smoke
and drink wait until your stomach
is through with breakfast. You can
drink more and smoke more in the
evening and it well tell on you less.
If your food ferments and does not
digest right,—if you are troubled
with Heartburn, dizziness of the
head, coming up of food after eating,
Biliousness, Indigestion, or any oth
er trouble of the stomach, you had
best use Green’s August Flower, as
do person can use it without imme
niate relief.
What ts the Clearing House!
In reply to a correspondent’s in
quiry as to the object and business
of a clearing house an exchange
says: There are upward of sixty
banks in New York city. Without
a clearing house each of these would
be obliged to make a settlement with
all the rest. Suppose the A bank
has checks and drafts on 60 banks,
making a balance in its favor
amounting in the aggregate to $500,
000. but owes the 61st bank the sum
of $501,000, without the general
clearance it must send all over the
city to collect this half a million of
dollars, and then adding one thous
and dollars to it must pay its debt.
But with a clearing house all it has
to do is to find out whether it is
debtor or creditor on the whole and
pay that sum over. In the case
above described, after the exchange
had gone around the room, it would
be found that the A bank had noth
ing to collect, and only $1,000 to pay.
Instead of handling $1,001,000, by
receiving $500,000 and paying out
$501,000, it handles only one thous
and dollars. The representatives
(clerks) of all the banks meet in a
large room. Each has a little desk
with an outside ticket hole. The
managers then start on their rounds
and each exchanges slips with all
the others. When through, it is
found who is debtor and creditor in
relation to the whole body, and bow
much. Those who are debtors then
pay in what they owe, and the clear
ance house pays it out to the credi
tors, and not a cent is left on the
counter. The sum of three or four
millions as the resulting balance will
settle daily exchanges for uue hun
dred million dollars, as only those
who owe a balance on final settle
ment are called upon to pay any
thing, and only those who have a
credit on final settlement will receive
anything, and one must exactly bal
THE DEAD STATESMAN.
The Scene at the.. Death Bed of
Roecoe Conkling.
InutemiU Completed For the Fun
eral.
New York, April 18.—Mrs. Conk
ling and her daughter, Mrs. Oakman,
were kneeling at the bedside of Mr.
Conkling when he died. Mrs. Conk
ling had her hand clasped in his.
Mrs. ConkliDg left the room when
the face of the dead Senator was
covered, and went into her room and
fell exhausted on a lounge.
At 4 o’clock the undertaker called
at the house with two assistants.
They washed and laid out the
body on a cooling board, in which
condition it remained until 8 a. m^
when they returned and embalmed
the remains. The body was then
placed in a casket, which is a dupli
cate of that in which Senator Conk
ling’s brother-in-law, Gov. Horatio
Seymour, was buried.
Mr. Bevins was asked as to the
condition of the body of the Senator,
and he said: “I have frequently
seen Mr. Conkling in life and when
I looked on him he seemed to be
quite natural. I cannot understand
how he could have lost the amount
of flesh that has been reported. The
body must weigh 200 pounds.
FUNERAL ARRANGEMENTS.
Mr. S. L. M. Barlow, after consul
tation with Mr. Conkling’s relatives
and friends this morning, announc
ed to the members of the press that
funeral services will be held over the
Senator's remains on Friday morning
at 10 o’clock, in Trinity Chapel,
West Twenty-fifth street. The Rev.
Morgan 1. Dix will officiate, assisted
by other clergymen. On Friday
afternoon the remains will be taken
on special train to Utica, N. V.,
where funeral services will be held
in Calvary Chapel on Saturday after
noon, instead of in Mr. Conkling’s
late residence in that city, as first
decided upon.
The pallbearers selected are:
Judge Shipman, Abram S. Hewitt,
S. L. M. Barlow, Clarence A. Seward,
Manton Marble, Senator John C.
Jones, Senator Don Cameron, Wil
liam J. Wallace, Walter S. Church
and Isaac H. Bailey.
A HORRIBLE TRAGEDY.
Calhoun County Man Finds His
Family Murdeded.
({nick Justice is Meted Out to the
Guilty Parties.
Special dispatch to the Intelligencer.
Charleston, W. Va., April 18.—
A startling report reached here from
Calhoun county to-day. The story
goes that a leading cattle-drover of
that county was away from home
several days selling a drove of cattle.
On his return he was belated
Wednesday night and not being able
to reach his home, stopped for the
night at a neighbor’s. From some
unaccountable cause, however, he
became uneasy and decided to go on
home. A peddler who was stopping
at the house accompanied him.
When he reached his home, it was
rather late and he was surprised to
see a light shining from the window.
He approached the window and was
horrified to see his wife and three
children lying murdered on the floor,
and four strange men occupying the
room.
The peddler drew his revolver and
told the drover to go to the rear of
the house and make a noise so as to
attract attention in that direction.
The drover obeyed the instructions
and the plucky peddler hurried to
the front. When they heard the
noise at the back of the house, the
four men inside became alarmed and
rushed out. The peddler picked
them off rapidly, one at a time, as
they made their ezit, and when the
smoke from the revolver cleared
away three of the strangers were ly
ing dead upon the ground and the
fourth badly wounded. At this hour
it is impossible to give further de
tails of the terrible tragedy, or the
names of the actors. The gentleman
who brings the report is considered
thoroughly reliable, and vouches for
its truth.
Bncklen’s Arnica Salve.
The Best Salve in the world for
Cuts, Bruises, Sores, Ulcers, Salt
Rheum, Fever Sores, Tetter, Chapped
Hands, Chilblains, Corns, and all
Skin Eruptions, and positively cures
Piles, or no pay required. It is
guaranteed to give perfect satisfac
tion, or money refunded. Price 25
cents per box. For Sale by J. M.
Reed A Co.
Excursion to Mannington.
For the benefit of those desiring to
attend the Republican Convention at
Mannington, April 28th, the B. A O.
R. R. Co. will sell excursion tickets
to Mannington at one fare for the
round trip. Tickets will be sold at
Glover’s Gap, Valley Falls, and all
intermediate stations on Main Line,
also Opekiska and Houlttown on the
F., M. A P. Branch. Tickets will be
sold for all regular trains April 27th
and.28th and will be good for re
turn trip until April 30th inclusive.
He Knew It Wouldn’t.
Charles Augustus went to see bis
girl the other evening, and while he
was making himself agreeable her
six-year-old scapegrace of a brother
came into the parlor.
Tommy was not slow to get ac
quainted, and Charles Augustus
thought it was good policy to honor
the “enfant terrible.”
“Let me see you shake your head
this way,” said Tommy, giving his
own head a vigorous shake.
Charles Augustus complied good
humoredly with the request, and
shook his head anil his auburn
locks were disheveled.
“I knowed it wouldn't,” exclaimed
Tom my.
“What do you mean, Tommy?” in
quired his sister.
“Why, don’t you know pa said he
was a rattle-brained young man, 'n
his brain don’t rattle a bit, does it?”
Tableau.
Wanted at once 1000 bushels of
good wheat, at Victor Mills. Cash,
SO cents a bushel. K. C. e.I lender,
■ ' ■ -
AN EXCITING STORY
How ■ Gang of Oatlawii Attempted to
Bobo Minnesota Bank.
Fairbault, Mian., April 20.—
Hardly more than half a score of
years ago, one day in September,
1867, this community was roused to
a great pitch of excitement.
All who knew the names of the
famous James and YouDger brothers
•can readily understand the cause of
such feeling, when we say that they
were made by a raid of these same
modern princes of daring robbers.
Northfield, twelve miles north of
here, was where toe chief scene took
place. The boys having ascertained
that $75,000 had been deposited in
the Northfield bank, chose that place
for operations, and proceeded ac
cordingly. But on this occasion
they did not get along so easily, as
shall presently be seen.
The gang was composed of Jesse
and Frank James, Cole, Jim, and
Bob Younger, Bill Chadwell, Char
ley Pitts and Clell Miller.
They entered the town in broad day
light, and in a style quite common
with them—on horseback, shouting,
flourishing and firing revolvers, and
ordering people indoors.
There were three persons in the
bank, the cashier, J. L. Haywood, a
book-keeper and a boy. The latter
quickly made his escape through a
back door, while the two former were
covered by revolvers.
Only two or tbe gang had entered,
and what their names were is not
known. They forthwith knocked
down tbe cashier and began operat
ing on him to make him open the
safe. But all their threats were un
availing. They could not make the
brave man surrender his secret of
the combination of the safe lock.
Meanwhile things were getting
rather warm for the watcning rob
bers on tbe outside, and they began
to eall on those in tbe bank to hurry
up.
The citizens now began to awake
from their first stupor of surprise,
and to open fire on the gang from
various windows and doors. One
man named Wheeler shot Bill Chad
well dead with an old army rifle.
Then, according to our informant,
Clell Miller was served the the same
way.
The robbers in the bank, finding
that they could not compel the cash
ier to open the safe, and owing to
the warnings from the outside, turn
ed to leave, but ere they passed the
door, one paused, leveled his revolv
er, and shot Haywood through the
the head, killing him.
The six who were left now made
off, taking a south westerly direction.
Many men were soon in hot pursuit
of them; and it was a hard and long
chase. The James boys separated
from the others and disappeared.
Finally the three Yonngers and Pitts
were surrounded in a forest beyond
Mankato. The circle of men was
narrowed until the robbers were
brought to a clump of bushes. Then
seven of the pursuers agreed to
make a final advance upon them.
But their victory proved easy; for of
the four, only Bob Younger could
lift a hand, in which he still held a
revolver. He gave np without furth
er resistence.
Pitts was dead. The other two
Youngers were badly wounded. Be
sides other wounds,' Cole had a bul
let through his head, it having en
tered at the back, and lodged under
the cheek bone, where it has since
remained. Jim had one of his jaw
bones completely shattered by a bul
let, aud now wears a silver one as a
substitute.
The prisoners were brought to
Faribault to await trial. Great was
the excitement, and rumors ran wild,
of two hundred men coming from
Missouri to rescue the prisoners.
Guards were placed, and a small
cannon prepared to aid in defending
the jail, but no rescuers came.
In the interval before the trial,
many people went to see the prison
ers. The friend from whom we re
ceived these incidents, relates that
on one occasion when he went to
the jail, Coleman Younger was sit
ting up, and the day being warm, he
had thrown back the bosom of his
woollen shirt, thus exposing to view
many scars, evidence of old wounds
and many a desperate encounter.
At the same time, Bob, with one arm
in a sling, was holding a novel in
his other hand, reading. Now and
then he would lay it down so as to
turn to a new page. Jim was still
lying on his cot, too completely used
up to be about.
Hon. Gordon E. Cole, one of the
best lawyers in the state, was coun
sel for the prisoners. An exciting
trial was anticipated, but turned
out to the contrary. The lawyer
plainly told the men that there was
no chance for acquittal, and advised
them to plead guilty. This they did
and were sentenced to prison for life.
This verdict was given owing to the
law of Minnesota, at, that time being,
that if any man plead guilty of mur
der, he could not be hung.
A friend tells us of a visit made
to the prison at Stillwater, three
years ago. The Younger boys were
together in one cell. They did not
have the outcast appearance of other
convicts, but, tall and straight, they
would look any man right in the eye.
Yet, for all that, they were darning
socks. G. L.
A Woman’s Discovery.
“Another wonderful discovery has
been made and that too by a lady in
this county. Disease fastened its
clutches upon her and for seven
years she withstood its severest tests,
but her vital organs were undermin
ed and death seemed imminent. For
three months she coughed incessant
ly and could not sleep. She bought
of us a bottle of Dr. King’s New Dis
covery for Consumption and was so
much relieved on taking the first dose
she slept all night and with one bot
tle has been miraculously cured.
Her name is Mrs. Luther Lutz.”
Thus write W. C. Hamrick <fc Co., of
Shelby, N. C.—Get a free trial bot
tic at J. M. Reed A Co.’s Drug Store.
A c ah load of Dis. Bane Phosphate
and Calvert’s Guano received this
week at Hutchinson A Jacobs which
will be sold cheap for cash. Call on
or write them at Little Falls.
The Nnw
NO PHYSIC WITH OIK FOOD,
A Phowphatic Bakins Powder Tkeory
that la Dangeroaa if not Bldicaloaa.
That is rather a dangerous propo
sition, put forth by manufacturers
of the patented or proprietary arti
cles of food, that their products pos
sess a superior wholesomeness be
cause they contain a drug of some
particular medicinal property. Phos
phates, alum, lime, arsenic, calomel,
etc., have their places as specifics for
different diseases, and are invalua
ble medical remedies, each in its
place. But they are not cure-alls.
The physician who should prescribe
either calomel, or strychnine, or rhu
barb three times a day to man wom
an and child, sick or well, because
either of such drugs is a well known
remedy for some certain disease,
would receive but little honor from
the fraternity and less practice from
the community.
No one will controvert this state
ment; yet we find manufacturers of
baking powders claiming superior
hygienic virtue for their productions
and urging their continuous use be
cause they are alleged to carry the
phosphate used in making them (a
cheap substitute for cream of tartar,
procured from the bones of dead ani
mals) into the food, although well
aware, as they must be, of the fact
that with the constant use of such
article this drug must pass into our
systems daily, no matter what may
be our physical conditions or require
ments, or whether or not we may
be suffering from some ailment where
in the use of such drug would be
positively detrimental. Both alum
and phosphates are useful medica
ments in certain diseases; but they
should no more be taken indiscrim
inately day after day and without
the prescription of a physician, than
arsenic, aconite or calomel, indeed
there are conditions of the system,
particularly with women, when the
prudent physician would be loath
to permit the use of lime phosphates
even as a medicine.
1 he fallacy of this claim of the
manufacturers of phosphatic baking
powders will be apparent to all when
the fact, well known to physicians,
is stated, that in average health and
with ordinary food the body gets
more phosphates than are required
or can be assimilnted. as is evidenc
ed by the fact that they are constant
ly being expelled in the excretions,
both solid aud liquid; likewise the
statement that it is necessary to add
phosphate to the baking powder to
restore to the flour those which have
been lost in the milling, for it is true
that fine flour as at present made
actually contains a larger percent
age of phosphates than the grain
of wheat itself.
The object of baking powders is
not to provide the body with a medi
cine, but simply to vesiculate or
make light the mixture of flour, so
as to render when baked easy of
mastication and perfectly digestible.
The most celebrated expertB in the
business have worked for the perfec
tion of an article that should do this
mechanically, adding to or taking
from the flour nothing, nor in any
way effecting a change in its proper
ties or constituents. When this has
been done the perfect leavening
agent has been discovered. The
manufacturers of the Royal Raking
Powder have succeeded in this so
far as to make a leavening agent
that vesiculates and raises the loaf
most perfectly, and without chang
ing the properties of the flour, while
the residuum from it has been re
duced to a minimum. The acid em
ployed, however, to produce this re
sult is not phosphateic, but the acid
of highly' refined cream of tartar,
which, the health authorities agree,
renders it perfectly pure and more
reliable and healthful than any oth
er. The recent official tests show,
on the other hand, that the best the
phosphate baking powder makers
can do is to produce an article that
is one-third or more residuum or im
purity.
We want our food pure; especially
do we not wish to take alum,lime and
phosphates with it at the dictum of
manufacturers who may find it
cheaper to claim a virtue for the im
purities than to remove them.
The Novelist—A Novel Enterprise.
Novel in name, form, purpose and
method is the Novelist, Alden’s new
! weekly magazine of American fiction.
It undertakes to give the worthiest
fiction that American authors can be
tempted to produce. Foreign au
thors not admitted. It is not senti
mental talk about justice to Ameri
can authors, but is bold, practical
action.
It is certainly handy in form,
beautiful in dress, excellent in all
mechanical qualities, and low in
price; well Buited in all respects to
meet the wants of the intelligent mil
lions who are capable of apprecia
ting “the best”—it will not stoop to
compete with the “gutter-fiction” of
the sensational periodicals and li
braries.
Terms, $1.00 a year, at which rate
it will give over 2,500 pages, equal to
from eight to twelve ordinary
American novels.
The stories will follow successive
ly, one at a time, a novel of ordinary
length thus being completed in from
four to eight weeks. If one story
does not please, you will not have
long to wait for the next. For a ten
cent subscription (if you don’t wish
to enter for all at $1.00), you will re
ceive the first chapters of every story'
published during the year, which you
can then order separately, if you
wish. A specimen copy of the Nov
elist will be sent free on request.
Address, John B. Alden, Publisher,
393 Pearl St., New York; P. O. Box,
1227.
Literature, an illustrated Weekly
Magazine ($1.00 a year), has cer
tainly successfully taken the field as
the popular literary journal of Amer
ica. Its great variety of contents,
handy form, and choice illustrations,
moke it exceedingly- attractive.—
Foremost. American authors are
among its contributors. Mrs. Susan
E. Wallace, wife of the author of
“Ben Hur,” and quite as charming
a writer as her husband, has papers
in two current issues on “The Poetry
and Music of the Arabs.” For speci
men copies (free), address John B.
Alden, Publisher, 393 Pearl St., New
York; P. O. Box 1827.
As a hair dressing and renovator,
Ayer’s Hair Vigor is universally
commended, it eradicates dandruff;
invigor
ANN O’DELIA DINS DEBAR
IcnM of Mardertnir tkr Artist, Sam
Ml LMWMbtlf.
THE SPIRIT PAIYTINtt FRA I D.
Laid Bare bj Lawyer Hamael—The
Wife of a Fonaer West Ytrprta
Ian in (treat Trouble.
Niw York. April 18.—Mme. I)iss
Debar's alleged spirit paintings have
at last been traced. They were not
produced by the spirits, as she suc
ceeded in convincing Lawyer Luther
R. Marsh they were, but were owned
and perhaps painted by Samuel F.
Loewenberg, an artist, who died in
December, 1886, under very suspi
cious circumstances.
Mme. Dies Debar is likely to be
chargerl with having caused the
death of this artist. Lawyer Abe
Hummel, who was engaged to look
up Mme. Diss Debar’s past career,
is the authority for that statement.
He stated that the charge of murder
would be brought by the proper au
thorities after the charges now pend
ing against the medium had been
disposed of. When that time comes
he will hand over to the District At
torney whatever evidence he has al
ready obtained on the charge, of
homicide. In the meanwhile detec
tives will be put to work to secure
additional and corroborative testi
mony.
Samuel Loewenberg, a Hebrew ar
tist, died under circumstances that
indicated that murder had been
committed December 2, 1886, in the
basement of the building 49 Univer
sity place. His apartments were in
a condition of great uncleanliness,
and when the body was found it was
wrapped in old newspapers. He had
been ailing in his miserable quarters
for a week or more when the police
made the discovery, and he expired
an hour after having been taken to
the New York Hospital.
An autopsy was performed, but
the result of it could not be accu
rately stated. It is inferred, how
ever, from what Lawyer Hummel has
said, that the old artist was poison
ed, and that but little attention was
given to the case at the time, but it
is generally known that be was prac
tically a miser. He had but little
to do with the world, and lived the
life of a recluse.
Tbe artist was buried in Cypress
Hills Cemetery. Only two person*
stood by tbe grave. Mine. DiBsbe
baye, as sbe then called herself, and
Isador Cohnfield, an old-time school
mate of Locwenberg.
Mme. Dis Debar had become ac
quainted with the old artist in some
unknown manner several years pre
vious to his death, and kept up the
acquaintanceship by paying constant
visits to him in his squalid apart
ments. It is also stated thut for
three years before the artist’s death
the medium was about the only per
son who associated with him at all.
He lived surrounded by a large num
ber of paintings, which he always
claimed were valuable. In those
days Mme. Dissbebaye did not drive
up to bis residence in a carriage, but
walked from her home to Loewen
berg’s and would spend hours at a
time in his miserable studio.
It was the opinion of all who
knew the old miser that he left a
large amount of money behind him
at his death, and Mr. Hummel inti
mates that the treasure left by old
Loewenberg might even now be in
the coffers of the medium. In 1886
tbe artist had several relatives, but
they never visited him on account
of his eccentric habits. They were
Sigmond Cohn, of 59 Rivington
street, Samuel Cohn, of Grand and
Forsyth streets, Solomon, Levi and
Sigmond Cohn, of 121 East Eigh
teenth street, and David Van Valken
burgh.
When the latter gentleman learn
ed of the death of his relative he se
cured letters of administration on
the estate, although he informed the
other relatives that there was but
little property left. The other rela
tives at that time were by no means
pleased at this arrangement, as they
had learned that Mme. Dissbebaye
had taken away many pictures, sup
posed to be very valuable, and as
none of Loewcnberg’s supposed
wealth was found. Mme. Dissbe
baye said that the old painter had
given her all his pictures, and that
she could show the papers which
gave her the right to claim them.
Lawyer Hummel says that after
the medium possessed herself of the
miser’s paintings Bhe had them
stowed in a building on Broadway,
and General Diss Debar succeeded
by a chemical process in covering
the picture with a substance which
faded away when exposed to the
light.
Astonishln gKesources.
In speaking of the recently organ
ized effort to boom West Virginia,
the Irish World among other things
says: “Good must be borne as the
result, for we ourselves on close
examination have been more than
surprised at the marvelous array of
facts and figures oftbe State brought
out by' Mr. Elkins in bis address.
Aside from the personal energy
which Mr. Elkins has displayed in
opening up the State, that speech
setting forth the facts has certainly
given him a lasting claim on tho
gratitude of West Virginia. You
are a young country yet, is the re
minder which the critical Britisher
often gives us in his patronizing
way, meaning, of course, that we are
provincial and in the swee^by and
by may possibly grow up to the
intellectuality of what he considers
the paragon for the nations of the
earth. Yes, indeed, we are a young
country yet, but in a far different
sense from that. The surface, so to
speak, has not been more than
scratched. It is only since the war
that we have commenced in earnest
to organize and discipline our forces
for the development of that known
and unknown natural wealth possess
ed by every State and Territory to a
degree that would have been in
credulous to the generations that
have gene before us. And here with
in seven hours of the greatest mar
ket on the continent, is a State just
ALIVE IX THEIR COFFINS.
A Lad; who Dropped Apparently Dead
in a Ball-Room Escapes from the
Receiving Vanlt—Another Wo
man not so Fortunate team
Her Shroud to Piece*.
New York World.
George H. Hamilton, livery-Rtable
keei>er and undertaker, has had long
and varied experience in the business.
As an instance of his energy it may
be mentioned that on Tuesday, the
day after the blizzard, he was the
only undertaker in Brooklyn or New
York that succeeded in taking a
hearse to the cemetery. He got out
six sleighs and, notwithstanding nu
merous warnings given by well
meaning friends, set out on what was
deemed a hopeless undertaking and
reached Calvary Cemetery after en
countering numerous ditllculties.
To a World reporter who saw him
last night, Mr. Hamilton said:
"I never allow the weather to in
terfere with my business if I can
help it. I can not achieve the itn
possible, but 1 like to And out first
what really is impossible. It was
my opinion on Tuesday that Calvary
could be reached in sleighs."
“In your experience us an under
taker, Mr. Hamilton, have you ever
come across a well-authenticated
case of a person having been buried
while in a state of trance?”
“You mean, have I witnessed a res
urrection? No, not as an undertaker
directly; though strangely enough I
did know of two while, ns a young
man, 1 was in the baking business.
I can not give their name now, their
relatives and descendents are living,
and you can easily imagine they
would not like the raking up of such
events. About forty years ago a lgdy
living on Division street. New York
City, fell dead apparently, while in
the act of dancing at a ball. It was
a fashionable affair, and being able
to afford it, she wore cosly jewelry.
Her husband, a flour merchant, who
loved her devotedly, resolved that
she should be interred in her ball
dress, diamonds, pearls,and all; also
that there should be no autopsy. As
the weather was very inclement when
the funeral reached the cemetery,the
body was placed in the receiving
vault for burial next day. The un
dertaker was not a poor man, but ho
was avaricious, and he made up his
mind to possess the jewelry. He went
in the night and took the lady's
watch from the folds of her dress.—
He next began to draw a diamond
ring from her finger, and in doing so
he had to use violence enough to tear
the skin. Then the lady moved and
groaned, and the thief, terrified and
conscience stricken, fled the ceme
tery, and has never since been heard
from that I know of.”
“Why, Mr. Hamilton, that sounds
as if it were copied from Mr. Valen
tine’s romance of “Rosemary.’ ”
“No,” said Mr. Hamilton, “but
Rosemary, reads as if it were found
ed upon that episode in the life of one
of Brooklyn’s fairest daughters. But
wait; you have not heard the most
singular part of the story. The lady, |
after the first emotions of horror at
her unheard of position had passed
over, gathered her nerves together
and stepped out of the vault which
the thief had left open. How she got
home I cannot tell, but this I know
—she lived and had children, two at
least of whom are nlive to-day—and
made her husband happy, and I my
self during the absence of her hus
band, who, as I have said, was a
flour merchant, paid money into her
hands for goods received.”
“Did the story get into the pa
pers ?”
“No, but I shall tell you one that
did, still suppressing the names, for
though two New York papers thirty
five years ago were full of its ghast
ly details, it is no use in harrowing
up the feelings of certain people now
living. The daughter of a Court
street baker died. It was in winter,
and the father, knowing that a mar
ried sister of his dead child, who lived
in St. Louis, would like to see her
face before laid in the grave forever,
had the body placed in the vault
waiting her arrival. The sister came,
the vault was opened, the lid of the
coffin taken off when to the unuttera
ble horror of the friends assembled,
they found the grave clothes torn in
shreds and the fingers of both handB
eaten off. The girl had been buried
alive.”
“But,” continued Mr. Hamilton,
“take the still more recent Hemp
stead case. About fifteen years ago
a young Greenpoint doctor died, and
Lew Russell, the undertaker was
charged with his interment. I re
member that I supplied some of the
horses and coaches to parties going
to the funeral. The cortege passed
through Jamaica on its way to
Hempstead. When at Jamaica there
was a halt, and those immediately
behind the hearse thought they
heard a noise proceeding from the
coffin; they were laughed at,of course,
but having persisted in their asser
tions, the lid was raised, and the face
of the young man was seen to twitch
under the eye. The coffin was taken
into the house of a friend of Lew
Russell and Dr. North was sent for.
On examination the young man was
found to be alive, but in a very feeble
state. He lingered in that house for
five days in a semi-comatose slate,
but on the sixth day died beyond all
manner of doubt, and was buried.
A number of physicians from all
parts went to Jamaica to see
the singular spectacle, and the par
ticulars of the case were in the
newspapers at the time.”
Reduced Railroad Fare to the State
Normal Institute.
It seems that the boom of the
State Normal Institute has only just
begun. Last week it waB announced
that teachers attending it would not
be required to attend the usual five
day county institute. Now it is
announced that the B. <fe O. have
given a reduced rate of two cents
per mile each way to those attend
ing the institute, from nil points in
West Virginia and from Washing
ton and Baltimore. These round
trip tickets can only be purchased
by parties holding an order from the1
secietaty of the institute, and will
be good for going passage from June
12th to 20th and for return to July
16, inclusive. It is now assured that
there will be a large attendance both
from within and without the State.
Let her boom. We can take all that
come.
NICHOL’8 BIG MAJORITY.
He Carries Louisiana hjr 76,000—Kew
Orleans Redeemed From
Ring Rale.
New Ohi.eans. April 18.—Further
j returns from the interior of the State
.show unexpectedly heavy Democrat
ic gains. ami Nichol’s majority will
| probably reach 75,000 or ' 80,000.
1 Parishes that never failed to go He
' publican heretofore, are Democratic
for the first time. In this city there
| was considerable delay in the count,
| and at 6 o’clock to night, til hours
I after the closing of the polls, not
| half of the boxes had been counted.
I Enough were received, however, to
j show that the regular Democratic
ticket had been beaten clear out of
sight by that of the Young Men’s
Democratic Association by majori
ties ranging from 8,000 to 12,000.
Joseph A. Shakespeare, the candi
date for Mayor, and General E. T.
1 Heauroguard, for commissioner of
public works, both ran behind their
ticket, but were elected by more
than 8,000 majority. The young
men make a clean sweep of the city
and parish, electing all their mem
bers of the Legislature and the city
council. Those elected yesterday
hold office for the next four years,
and some of those defeated have been
in*office continuously since the re
construction elections that followed
the war.
It is conceded that tho young De
mocracy are indebted to the compart
made with the Republicans for this
great victory, the negroes voting
pretty generally and all supporting
the young men's ticket. The elec
tion of It. W. Guidhand (colored Re
publican) in the First Senatorial dis
trict is one of the fruits of tho com- j
pact.
The sweeping result in the State
carries with it a legislature that
will re elect Hon. Randall L. Gibson
to tho United States Senate, proba
I bly without opposition, while Ed
; ward 1). White, ex Associate Justice
i of the Supreme Court, and son of
the late Governor White, will proba
bly be chosen to succeed Mr. Eustis.
This will be Mr. Shakespeare’s
second term as Mayor, and he is the
only living man ever elected twice to *
the office. He was elected as an In
dependent in 1880 over the regular
Democratic candidate, and left tho
Shakespeare Almshouse, built by do
nations from the gamblers of the
city, as a monument of his economy
and sagacity.
TWO ESCAPE.
Inmates of the Penitentiary Take Leave
of the Institution.
About twelve o’clock Tuesday
night two prisoners confined in the
penitentiary at Moundsvillc succeed
ed in making their escape from that
institution, and up to a late hour
last night had not been recaptured.
The two men who thus took sum
maty leave of tho institution are a
man named Smith and Marion
Uocffier. The former is a native of
Buffalo, N. Y., but went to the pen
from Mineral county’, on a charge of
burglary, getting seven years.
Loefllcr was sent from Wayne county
for twenty years, the crime for which
he was incarcerated being rape,_
Each man bad been in the prison
about two years.
The escape was made from tho
prison hospital, which is in the sec
ond story of a brick building which
stands about the centre of the pris
on inclosure. Smith had been un
der treatment for a sore hand while
Loeffler had been a chronic sufferer
for a long time from a running sore
in his back. At times since his
confinement in the prison lie has
been very bad, but always pulled up
again. Tuesday he attempted to go
to work, but he only did half a day,
telling the guard over him that he
would have to go back to the hos
pital.
For the past year or two, and
probably longer, there has been a
ladder bolted to the wall of the paint
shop. Sometime about midnight
Tuesday night, the two men left
their beds in the hospital and de
scended to the prison yard. There
they tore away the ladder from its
position on the wall, carried it to the
prison wall, and mounting to the
top, were soon at liberty. What di
rection they took is not known, but
Superintendent Robertson is making
every effort recapture them.
•#!
-Sgg
Breaches of Etiquette.
It is a breach of etiquette to stare
around the room when you are mak
To take your dog calling withyoul"
To remove the gloves when making
a formal call.
To open the piano or to touch it if
found open, when waiting for your
hostess to enter.
To go to the room of an invalid
without an invitation.
To walk about the room examin
ing its appointments when waiting
for your hostess.
To open or shut a door, raise or
lower a curtain, or in any way to al
ter the arrangement of a room in the
house at which you are a caller.
To turn your chair so as to bring
your back to some one seated near
you.
To remain after you have discov
ered that your hostess is dressed to
go out.
To fidget with a hat, cane or para
sol during a call.
To preface your departure by re
marking: “Now 1 must go,” or. to
insinuate that your hostess may be
weary of you.
To resume your'seat aftet having
once risen to say adieu.
For a lady receiving several callers
to engage in a tete-a-tete conversa
tion with one.
To make remnrks on a caller who
has just left the room.
To call upon a friend in reduced
circumstances with any parade of
wealth in equipage or dress.
For the hostess to leave the room
when visitors are present.
To assume any ungraceful or un
couth position, such as standing
with arms akimbo, sitting astride a
chair, smoking in the presence of
ladies, wearing the hat within doors,
standing with the legs crossed or
feet on the chain, leaning forward
'.'-A
ing a call.
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