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West Virginia argus. [volume] (Kingwood, W. Va.) 1877-1946, January 20, 1887, Image 1

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The West
vol. xvi.
KING WOOD
Virginia Argus
w. VA.. THURSDAY. JANUARY20, 1887.
NO. II.
l/LUVERIUS HANGED.
OOVERJfOR HKFUSKD TO IN
TEKFIvRE.
A l>ay of excitement in Richmond—
History ol the Young At
torney’* Crime.
rh« executon of Cluv.-rins took place ai
lUcbmon I, ^ a., Friday. Ha had Itcen wn
sentenced to hang Dae. 10, lijstj but was re
•pita.1 until January 14 h. He died protest
,nI h*x innocenc*.
A.t 1- uS J p. m, Mr. Bjverly Crump returned
to the Jail from hia last visit to th > (iovernoi
•nd announce<t that the (brernor had re
fused to interfere. Ciurvnut had up to this
moment cherished the hope that he would tx
Rrautei another repriovs, and when the Gov
eruor s decision ,was announced be becunt
(greatly agitated. He wv allowed a few m>
uionts for preparation, after which he was
f akan to the scaffold, where he vehemently
protested that ho was innocent of the crime.
The drop fell at 12;j) p in., and twenty min
utes later the body was taken down.
^ *• ••tiiuate.i that tea thousand persons
■"ere aroun 1 the J nl at the tiinj of the exo
cataoo.
DISCOVERY or THE CHIME.
On the morutuj of March 14, 1885, L. Kw-,
keeper of the old city reservoir in the west
part of the orty, in mskiug his usual rounds
of faspeetbon, discovered the body of a
woman in the res jrvoir. H > at onre notified
• he Coroner, who had the ho ly taken from
•he water. It prove 1 to be that of a good
lotting woman of about 81 year*. The Cor
oner. after viewin’ the remains, prououuced
it a case of suicide and had the body removed
to the morgue at the city almshouse
for identification. Mr. Peter J. Burton, a
reporter of the Rlchtnonl Di^KifcA, subse
quently went to the reservoir and then to the
•morgue, and bis investigation re suite 1 in the
formulation of a munler theory on a chain of
*c rcumstantial evidenci which convinced
many minda. A further ex imination of the
body disclosed the fact that tho unfortunate
woman nr-- r.. _ i_■ .
During two days many people saw the
tn^y> it was finally reeogn zel by two
youQp^ ladies, the Misses Dunstan, as a friend
,,f theirs. Miss Fannie Lillian Msdism, of
K'.ng and Queen county, bul who bod for
•ome time post been teaching school in Bath
county. The Coroner’s iuqu->st resulted m a
verdict of probable murder. Detectives and
<x>iice were set to work and in a short time
*>rought to light circumstances that added
strength to the murder theory. A woman
who had registered at the American Hotel on
March IS under the name of Miss F. -L. Mer
ton was missing from the hotol, and her dis
appearance and the finding of the body
about the same time furnished the fatal clue,
hut for which the murder might never have
t-eso known. While the ao.ctllod "Miss Mor
ton" was at the hotel she wrote and received
several notes, but one directed by her* was
never delivered, and after her departure
from the hotel it was torn to pieces by the
;lerk and cast into the waste basket. The
•craps of this note and the envelope were
subsequently brought to light and when
pasted together it rorved as one of the
principal links in the chain which convicted
!fce murderer, it being addressed to "T. J.
-Auverius.” Further inquiry developed the
act that the man was a young lawyer of
King and Q teen county, and a c >usin of the
lecease l. The discovery of this note led to
the arrest of uluveriu*, who was known to
have been in R o'iraon 1 on Mirch 13. He
was found at the residence of his aunt, Mrs.
Tunstall, in King and Q ieen county, and
brought to this city. Ho waived a prellml
mary elimination and wn sent to the Grand
Jury of the Hustings Court.
Ciuverius was indicted in April for mur
der, and his trial began at the May term of
the court and continuod for 2-t days. Ow.ng
to the difficulty of obtaining competent
Jurors in Richmond, it was found necessary
to draw talesmon from Alexandria, and a Jury
was finally impanelled with seven cltlsons of
Richmond and five of Alexandria composing
it. The prisoner ple.vie 1 not gu ity and the
trial proceeded, N*<arly two hundred wlt«*
nesnes were examined and step by s‘ept the
•evidence fixe I upon the prisoner the
brand of reducer and murdcror,
and when the able counsel on both side* had
concluded their fff»rt* for and against the
accused, the jury after but a few minute*
consideration, rendered a verdict of murder
In the first d'gre*. The prisoner throughout
the trial was cool mi l undaunted, am! his
self posse sion was « frutful theme of com
ment. H:s c >m* .1 eg • tpte 1 at^evary posjl
t»le point n fhe evidence, ••nd naked for a
new' trial, which was raruisd, and Ciuverius
wae rentenood to be hanged on November
30, 1WVJ. An appeal was then token to the
Supreme court of the rftate, which, however,
availel the prisoner nothing except that it
stayed the execution fur or*r a yeir, as the
court with bu‘, one di*s«nling voice affirmed
tne Judgment of the lower court:
A II Ml NO l\ KAltNKST,
A nor r in Anri Belgium Patting Tliolt
Ferre** On n Footing for Hcrvler.
Th»* Belgian O .vemment have put a large
number of additional mm on the fortiflca.
tlom of Antwerp, In anticipation of a m Iden
outbreak of war between France and Ger
roany. The Andrian Government on tin
itea to hasten ita preparation* for war. In
atructfon* hare lieen Issued instructing the
Hrd Cmas Society to ralsj the staff of the
hosplta a under Ita management to their fob
strength, anlto quvlrupl > the number of
t»la In those institutions.
Ltrg« contracts have been made for pro
visions deliverable to the War Department
In March. The railway officials which were
recently summoned to Vienna to consult with
the Government respecting the tranaporta
tlon of troojw in the event of a mobilization
°f th* •r"’7 have Jnat. reported that the prep
aratlcune then deckled upon have been com
pleter),
A rumor Is current at Me s that all Impe
rial Governramt off! ■ ala there have Iwen
privately informer! they will have to sen I
their wives to Germany within three days
after the issuance of a decree ordering the
raobtllx itinn of the army. Heverel O wmans
In Knglan 1 have received telegrams from the
German Consulate In L union, requesting
them tobi prepare! to return to Gwisany
at 34 hours notice and report for duty at
tup'flirt military headquarters
GENERAL NEWS CONDENSED.
The trades union* of New York hare decided
to mpport the Rev. Dr. McGIynu In hit
trouble with Archbishop Corrigan.
A tenant named Keane, living in the county
of Kerry. »at tkei ud severely wounded
Runday n'ght for having paid hi* rent.
Surveyor General James A. Diwton, of
Colorado, died Sunday night form the effects
of a stroke of paralysis received on Thaukc
giving day.
Senator Stanford has purchased the Gregan
ranch, near Hollister, CaL, for the accouituo*
| nation of his stock, which be removed from
Palo Alto.
In the U.-eek elections all the memliers of
l the MtnUtery were returned. The Govern
i inent will hav<» a rusjori y of two-thirds in
the new Chamber.
At Troy, N. Y., on Runday Wtn. Collins
stablied Dennis KenueJy, probiby fatally
: The two were rivals for the favor of a pretty
1 girl named Tillie Perron.
Heavy snow rtorms prevail over the
western portion of Scotland. In »>me
the storms are so violent that outdoor lab jr
lias had to lie *us|>eiid <1.
The IXmiuioj Parliament has been dis
| 90 vhJ ani* n«w elections ordered. The nora
| inations will take plica on the O h of Feb
ruary and the polling on th i 22 1.
In a tit of j »ak u<y yestenliy morning
L-wis Paul shot and killed Mrs. He-kie
Stringer, a widow, rent ting at It >ck own
j P*. Paul then fl si and is atill at large,
The Supreme Court of tha United States
has confirm*! the decision of the lower court
! in the caw of John Hayes vs. the Htate cf
Missouri. Hays was O nvicted of murder at
| Ht. Louis aud scalene*! to be hanged. He
| will now hang.
The issue of standard silver dollars from
the m.nts during the werk ending January
15 amounted to 1364,130; corresp mdlog week
| in 1886, 195,493 dollars. The shipments of
fractional co o from J iuu iry 3 to January
j 15 araou ited to 113,373,
i nree person* were suit > -ate 1 by gas in a
Troy, N Y., tenement house on (Sunday
uiRtit Their names were Mrs. Carolina Ban
net, aged 73; her daughter, Mrs. William
Giiflllan, and Charlei Pratt, Th<v were
found deal, sitting abm . the roim a< they
haci been cenversing when the gas overcame
them. The gas company's building is near
by .ami a leak in the pipe which runs through
the d strict was probably the cause of tho ac
cident, the gas tieing odorless.
Asad outbreak of insanity is reported
from White Day, near Grafton, W. Va.
Washington Lake has live grown daughters.
Two weeks ago Tabitha got married, and the
yor.ing people of the neighborho xi, including
her four sisters, celebrated the event ity danc
ing all night and nearly all day. Oi the
evening of the second day Martha, one of tin
sinters, lost her reason and developed into a
raving maniac, and four day* later the bride
went stark mad. Smcj then tho three other
sisters hove exhibited evidences of iusanity
and the worst is foared.
ORGANIZING TIIK MINERS.
Details of the National Scheme Hii«
gCHtccl by Mr Hailey.
Wm. H. Holey, a member of the General
Executive Committee of the K lights of La
bor, who has laid c»u a sebemo for the gen
eral reorganizition of the miners of tho Uni
ted states into one b.xiy, ha* isiued another
circular, giving additional details of his
plan. The plan moets thi endorsemmt of
Powderly. Fourteen State* and live territo
ries are now embraced iu the organization,
and further developments may extend its
toope st 11 furtlior. All the mining sections
of Pennsylvania, both of anthracite and bi
tuminous coal, hive been thoroughly,
though quietly canvassed within the past
three months, ex cept the Coiinellsvill^ coke
region, and the men in that locality will be
organiz-d soon. Trie bituminous coal Raids
of Cumb-riand, Pocahontas ami E k Garden,
•n Maryland and Wed Virginiai a, have l»eeu
secretly visited by special committees, and
the work of organ./. iMon there is said to bo
nearly completed. The aggregated member
ship is now estimate I at 100,000 men. Divi
sions one to five embrace all the Pennsylvania
mines. They have already bean formed,
lhese divisions will all be suborlinate to
District Assembly No. l.Ti. They will be
officered and governed after the manner Of
local assemblies of the Knig >ts of Labor.
No. 3 embraces the miner* in the bitumin
ous regions of Sullivan, Bradford, Tioga, Ly
coming, Clinton, Cambria, Elk, Mt-K«an.
Mercer and Butler counties, of Pennsylvania
snd all the low grade divisions of Pennsyl
vania. No. 4, not yet organ!/*1, will inclule
the coke miner* of Connelisvills, Hcottdale
and other coke regions of Pennsylvania.
No. 5 embraces the minors of bituminous
•oal along tha Monongahola, Youghiogbeny,
Knaawha and Ohio rivers a* far down as
the mruth of the Kanawha. No. 0, embrace*
the miners of bituminous coal in the whole
of Ohio and a'l that portion of Western
Pennsylvania shipping coal westward by
Mr. Halley, who it to he the Mauler Work
tn in of th«* organization, rays by way 0f fX.
plainntion: '‘Thin i* pimply n gathering t< „
gather for the flrzt time under one head for
better government of all the minora and
mine lntK>r«*rs of the country who belong to
*he Knight* of I/iltor for mutual protection
»nd t<«n»'ir. It is the intention of the found
er* and the ofTl of all the *ub dividon* to
aholiaii atrlkea by having a pt rfe>-t organ iz .«
Mon. The m n twing under thorough disc -
pilne, wh*n grievance* arise we own present
them to the employer* in the region produc
ing that kind of coal and have them adjusted
readily. All Oomp'alnta, grievance an^
d;fT<*reiice« must he submitted to arbitrate
and not ended by tnr< « aa heretofore. 1 Vt
ex(irct that thi* organization will aupemde
all the present nnw."
He Was Not. n Wind Render.
Hngley— "I any. that dozen of egg*
you aold me were all a|.oiled.n
Cold< bee o (the grocer;—‘ Well, what
of itf”
“A gre't deal of it. How do you
suppoe I can eat. nurh eggs?”
"Mow did I know you wsntedto rat
th*ra? How did I know you wasn’t go
ing to a I cUirr?”—Call.
The Church of England Temp«r*ncf
Pociety hna a membership of ?58,150, an
lucroato of 75,000 over last year.
A SHIP BLOWN UP.
A POWDER VRS8KL DRIFTS
ASHORE.
A Hotel II<MI11< 0<I to Kindling Wood
—Several Residence* Wrecked.
An explosion took p’.xcs at the CHIT Houts,
Rtn Franeiaco, which shook the eolire city
lika an earthquake, destroying several build*
besides fatally injuring at least
two men. The schooner Ihrallel cleared from
port Thursday for Astoria with a general
cargo, including forty-two ton*of giant pow*
der. At »:80 Saturday evening the watch*
man of tho Merv'bant's Exchange at Point
Lobos *aw a schooner drifting in with all
sails set end a light burning. The sea was
cairn, and nil the light-hous* signals were
plainly visible for mi lea. To ere was enough j
breee* to have kept any vess*l <>iT ah >ra. The
observer watch d until s’<o slru k at the foot
of the cliff ab »ut ftJO yards north of the Cliff
H O'*. He gave the alarm an 1 the life*
saving e.-vw, uearly a tnile away, were noti
fied.
The life-saving crew di<l not board the vee.
*•1. but built a bonfire on the beach an<l kept
watch for the boat*. Su l lenly, at 1 o’clock,
there was a terrible explosion, followed *
fecund later by another wnich seemed to !
?hnn<* the very foundation of the earth.
W hen the smoke blew away not a stick of I
the vowel was to bo seen, while the debrie of
the rigging, timber*, places of iron, eto., was
scattered nUuit 1 he cun try for three quar
ters of a mile. ClifT House on the top of a
hill a hundred yard*oft, suffered most The
entire side toward the wreck w.»* crushed in
like cardboard. An immense wave, weigh
ing bins, was lifted into the air aixl carried
clear over tho top of tho house, which is
fu ly 1.V) feet above the sea level. Every
window and door in the house win smashed
iuto kindling, and the founlatious arc
"•mituiw so mat, mo building Is unsafe.
Two bunder, d feet from the main building
inn two story cottage of large *'*» occupied
*H * private residence. This wm blown b silly
oft its foundation.The occupants wcrt- thrown
from their lied*, and some sustained injuries,
wbile(the building was completely riddled
and loft a wreck. The mansion of Adolph
Hutro, one-third of a mile from the wreck
was hit by flying mlsdles an l pieces of Iron
and every window smashed, while the exten
sive cmservatory was entirely d<ynolished
Over half a mile up the beach hotel and
l>avilioii windows were smashed and the
wreckage strewn all about. Two of the
life saving crew, Henry Hmttli
«ni John Wilton ware fatally Injured be
sides being ladly cut and bruise 1 all ovjr
the body. The force of the explosion was
evidently upward and so tho» men luckily
escaped bdng blown to Atoms. The signal
station was blown to atoms. The CldT
House was riddled by flying miaailo*. Every
occupant was thrown from bis bed to the
floor and stunned, an i all thought tbb
building was being precipitated Into tb» sea
J he stables, ‘J00 feet long, adjacent, were ut
terly demolished. The cause of the ahan
douineut of the vessel is as much a mystery
as the origin of the explosion, it is reported
they have landed in Mariu oountv.
A PRETTY FIGHT.
Packer Armour Throws Down the
Guam let to the Ilrick layers’
Union.
The statement is made that Mr. I’. I). Ar
mour, after vanquishing the Knighte of La
bor in their battle over the eight hour day,
has brown down the guantlei to tho Briek
layers’ Union, and an interesting struggle is
now going 01 in c>nsequ*nce. The trouble
arose over Mr. Armour's action in regard to
the bricklayers on so ne of his stock yards
work. After engaging Cnri* Garry, a mem
l»er of the Uni mi,as his foreman by the year,
Mr. Armour insisted on th> men working
ten hour*. Garry o- d -avored to enforce the
order, wh»n thi rest of tho bricklayers
struck. Garry’s case cams before the Union
at one» and be wa< fl le i #703, which he has
refused to pay, at tho nami refusing to ap
pear and defend himself.
The bricklayers were then call** I ofT a’l tho
buildings in whose construction Mr. Armour
w as inUrested. except, the Armour Mission,
which the Union exrepte) on account of its
character. Hitlcj then a nuslwr of brick
layers—just how many is In question—have
leen linjK)rted from tho country and put to
work at ten h-ifs. These men aro kept se
cluded, and all efforts of tho Union to reach
them to call them off the j ih< have proven
fruitless. Th« wn'king delegate who made
the final attempt was r.-rested and taken tc
the Town Hall, but was immediately re'.easod,
as no charge would bold agnin*t him for
merely being In the budding. As the Union
has withdrawn from the Trades Assembly no
help can be gained from that source, and th<
Union finds itself powerless thus far.
I'our Tramp* Crfrnntrd.
VVh mi the sp^c n I fr**igli‘, train on the ( ’has*
Ohio and H>u*hwe*tern Railway
pulled info Paducah, Ky., • box oar loaded
with ootton was disc .voro l on fire. The
trn nmen si In-tracked tiie oar nod trial In
vein, with the aid of the iVidnoih fire de*
pirtmrnf, to put the film?* out.
I lie cars were rapidly consumed, and
in the ruins ware found the charred remains
of four trntniis, wh » had evidently secreted
(hem elves amongd the cotton hales while
the oar was fn the yard* at Memphis. After
being tramferre I to the Cbeeapeak-.Obo and
fdouth western, the car w/»i locked an I sealed,
ltis siippicvt the cotton Ignited from the
tramp-.'p p is. Tney were evidently suffo
cate-l. and their bod lea were so ha fly burned
that It was imp-nsiM* to tell whether they ;
were whites or blacks.
I’niaoned.
The body of the late Oliver Sleeper, who
to supposed to have been om of th« victims ;
of Mrs. Robinson, the alleged Somerville, I
Maw., prisoner was exhumed at Mount Au*
burn and the internal organs given to medical
experts f.»r examination. This Is the aeventh
Irody that has been disinterred for the same
purpose, and in the others x cases large quan
tities of arsenic have been found. If arsenic
m found In Mr. Hleeper’f body, the Investiga
tion will continue, and other bodies will tie
exhumed. It Is alleged that Mrs. Robinson
prisoned Sleeper in order to obtain r~irinmi
ion of some of bis property, and It Is sta'e I
that at the coming trial of the woman some
new and astounding revelations are ex
pected.
FORTYMSTTH CONOR!***
Jan. 11—In th* 8en«t*, on motion of Mr.
Wllroa, the Houw amendment to ths Senate
>111 for holdlug Urmi of Unitol St*tee O >urt»
n Bay City, Mich., substituting Rut Ragt
mw for Bty City wa« nnu-ooncurrsd in and
» conference asked.
Mr. llrown, from the Committee on the
l)»atriet of Columhi*. reports 1 back, f t vom
>!y. the House lull to incorporate Trustees
>f the Young Women's Chiristia > Horae of
Wuhlnitton, 1). 0. 1'aleudar.
Mr. 1 galli introduced a bill grantiug' ar.
vars in certain cases to those pensions I by
ipeclal note.
Mr. full >m male a motion to prooaad
with the consideration of the conference r«
,H>rt on tho Inter-Sinte Commerce bill. This
was agreed by a vote of 37 to 13. Those vot
ing in the negative were Messrs, Blair, Cam*
•ron. Chaos, Frye, Hawley, Hoar, Morrill,
lawyer, Sewell, Sherman, Cheney and
Spooner.
A conference rep>rt auhmitted by Mr.
Sewell reo >mm «n ling that the Senate adopt
he prop wition of the H >u«e to lucre'se the
tnnual appropriation for militia from *3)0,
K)0 to f4 U.lXk), instead of insisting upon the
proposition of the Senate which fixed tho
unount at 6M,f) 10. The report was agreed to«
Some nniinp irtaut routine budnoss wsi then
.ransaot'vl, after which Mr. Hoar preoeded
io oppose the adoption of the conferetun re.
port of th"* Intcr-Htate Commerce bill. |
A*. 2:3) p m , Mi. Hoar having concluded
a'.s ip «eoh. So inter Sherman took thi> fl nr
n opposition to the Inter-Stato Commerce
bill.
After the debate, the presiding officer hav
ing stated the question to tie on agreeing to
tho conference report, Mr. Frye moved to
recommit the r.qiort, with instructions to the
Senate conferees t > insist on striking out soo»
tion 4 and subatttutiag se<■! mti 4 of the Sen
a’s bill; also on striking ml section 5 an l
luos'iiuiing ror it section or the Senate
bill,which i« the clause authorising the Cum
nuaalonen to Investigate ih* subject of pool,
ing, mi I report ataoiue future day.
Mr, C'ulloin sai-1 he ahoulil regard the vote
on the motion to recommit a- n test vote on
the question. The vote wet taken on the
motion to recommit and the motion waa re
jected—yeaa 32, naya 30.
The vote waa taken nuu conference re>
I*ort agree 1 to—yeaa 43. naya 1ft.
The Senate thou at 11:40 adjourned till
Mou<lay
In the House, Mr. Morrison, of Illinois,
from the Committee on Hulea, reported a
resolution setting apart to day and next
Friday, after the morning hour, for the con
sideration of Senate Idlla upon the private
calendar, exc»pt pension bills. Adopted.
Mr. Caldwell, of Tennessee, submitted the
conference report on the Electorial Count
bill, ami It waa agroed to without debate or
division.
Mr. Dibble, of South Carolina, presented
the conference report oti the hill increasing
the appropriation for the public building at
Fort Scott, Ksa., and it was agreed to. [The
increase is fixed at f4<),OOOJ
After the recaption of a number of com
mittee rep rte the House went Into Commit
tee of the Whole, Mr. McMillan, of Tennes
see, in the chair, for the consideration of
Senate bills upou the private calendar.
Jani'aiiy 17, — Among the memorials pre*
"anted in the Senate to-day, were resolu
tions of the Maine I.-gislature In opposition
to the Free Ship bill,
Mr. Hoar, from the Select Committee on
the Centennial of the Constitution, reported
a resolution that it Is expedient that the con
tennlal anniversary of the ir.auguratton of
the Constitution be celebrated in April, ISNfl,
by an addresss to be delivered before tho
President of t h i United States and the two
II u-cs of Congresi by the Chief Justice of
the Unitcsl States, to which the repre«enta
tives of foreign governments shall be invited ;
and that the nesasion be further celebrated
by suitable civic or military observances,
the details thereof to be settle 1 hereafter.
Adopted.
Mr. E imunds called attention to a bill In
troduced and referred to thp Postofflcj Com
mittee providing for a Government Postal
Telegraph. He wisliel the Committee to re
port it either favorably or unfavorably so
that he might try to get the judgment of
the Senate upon it,
Tho Senntn then took up and pxaied the
Pension Appropriation bill, (It appropri*
ate* 175,0011,000,)
The Army Appropriation bill was then ta
ken up end posse 1.
The House proceedings th*s morning wers
opened with a motion by Mr. Kice, of Mas
sachusetts, to past the bill appropriating
$2-’iO,000 for the erection of a public building
at Worcester. Maas., which was carried.
Mr Crisp, of Georgia, • died up the Con
ference report on the Inter-State Commerce
Kill
Mr. Amkrwn raisod the question of con«
»l<lt*ration, and the y«w and nay* wore or
dered.
The House, hy a rote of 113 yea* to 137
nay* re: u«ed to take up the report to the ex
clusion of motions to suspend the rules*
Among the l»ilU introduced ami referred
to-day was one tiy Mr. levering, of Massa
cliuetta, grin lug a pension of fUo per
month to Walt Whitman. In introducing
the hill Mr. I, ivering said Mr, Whitman
bad made no aj p icotion for a pension, hut
that the bill wae introduced at the request of
Mr. Whitman’* family.
Mr. Kelly, of Pennsylvania, introduced a
In 1 appropriating t&KfiOO to promote the
colored people’s world’s exhibition to be held
at Hirminghain, Ala,, In Heptemtier next.
Kefsrrtd.
A motion to paw under sup melon of the
rules the bill limiting JurisJiction of United
Hiates Courts in [latent cases, etc., was lost.
A latter from lUpresmtatlve Or sen, of
the Thirl district of New Jersey to the’
Hpeaker, was presents'! by Mr. McAdoo stsh
ing that he ha I forwarded his resignation to
the Governor of New Jersey. Tabled,
Dt-Rr.ao the past year •l.'t.'d'M p*t; was ex
pend* i for educational pur[xmcs jn the Htato
or .New York Of tins amount t*.*,1(ri, jiis
was for b Xcherv’ wngcv. 1 herj are Hl.ifSft
r hool tern hers and 1,7.15,074 school children
in tta* HUit^
Tnx total f >rel jn commerce of the United '
mate-lad year was tl.494.<«1H,<#j, or ##»..
W7,Iim more than in the previous yi-ar. Of
the whole amount, thnt through the port of
New York was tKti.'iAi.illt.
Ftavens, who has been around the
world on a bicycle, has arrived in Spa
FfWlcisro.
FARMING INTERESTS.
1HSVK OK LAST VKAIl'g ('IU)IS OF
CX>HX, VV II !■: AT AM) OATS.
Doings of Tl»c Fur morn National
Conj{r»'tw in Washington.
The National Department of Agriculture
estimates of the area, product, and value of
corn, wheat ami cats for permanent record
are i'oiuj 1 *ted. Thu oillcirtl work «»f the year
has hceu thoroughly reviewed* with tho ai<l
of Stab* co-operation and all avadablo
data of crop production, and tho ag
gregate ate substantially thos« re
cently reported. Tho corn crop in
round minders aggregate* 1,CO."*,000,000
bushels grown on 75,001,000 acres, and hns a
farm value of ♦ 110,000,000. Thu yield is
twenty-two bushels per acre, four and one
half bu dial* less tiian last year. There is an
increase of area of over three per cent, and
Rile ri'Hw in product of fourteen |>cr cent.,
while the average price has increased twelve
i>er cent, or from ifc.*.* cents to cents per
inishoL
The aggro-ate product of wheat Is 4**7,
000,00) bushels from an area of nearly dJ,
001,000 acrej, having a farm value of
♦ill i,00>,000. The average value is
0s.7 cents l>er bushel, against 77.1
for tho previous crop and 01,.» cents
for the great crop of 1SS4 Tills Is
•*'* per cent, reduction from the average
value between 1070 and 1SX0. The yield or
4he spring wheat centres is 1 letter than was
e*|ie ted early in the season and on the
Pacillc Coast much worse. Tin* general av
erage for winter an l spring wheat is i on ly
1 2. I bushels | or aero.
The product of oats is 021,00),000 bushels,
\° less than last y< ar, from an area of
over tit,0 Kt OIX) acres, producing a value of
♦ I Hfl,000,000. The average yield is 20 * bush
els, against 27.0 last year. Thenvoiage value
is 2'de cents |M-r bushel, last year 2S..'> cents
|H»r bushel.
The I'jirmrt*' ('iingrrH
In tlio I'urmiMi' National Congri'M, hi<lil nt
NN n-diington, I’rvsldvnt lhjverly appoints I a
ronmiltiw ns follows to confer with the Son
nte in relation to the aocretnryahip of
agriculture: H. H. Duke, chairman, of
Virginia. J. W. Htryd.-r, of West Vir
ginia. H. I*. 1>. Lewis, of Virginia;
Sprinser liai bnngh. of Minnesota, and \V.
L. Parkinson, of Kan-as. L. \V. Corbin,
chairman, of Virginia; J. C. Walsh, of
Maryland. J. O. Saxton, of Pentisylvaiiia:
J. 'V. Miles, of Iowa, and I). M Kussoll, of
Mississippi, were appointed to confer mill
tho Senate and House* Committee on Agri
I culture airl tlio State Department Among
the resolutions rejiortol oy tho Cominitteo
ou Kesolutions ami jms-od was thu fol
lowing : "That tho clause in tho char
ters of tho National hanks which foibiils
their loaning money on real estate works a
groat hi jury to tho farniors of tho Unit'd
States fiy denying them haakiug priv
ileges and thus < uusiox them to
I «ty a h'ghor rate of Interest than
other class of citizens, and that we, tho far
mers of the United Htates in congress nssoin
hl* d, do most respectfully. but urgently, ask
the Congress of too United Suits* to re|ieal
the same.’’ The members of the Congress
calks! iu a body ii|ion the President. The
Con gross finally adjourned to meet In Chi
cago on tho Tuesday liefore tin* meeting of
the Fat Stock Show iu November,
>lltrt hOb UVH IIOMK.
Culuinct I’laoo vr('urcd to Her l'rc«
1’roni nil KnciiinhranocH.
The eit z ms of Chicago having cmlrdMited
fid,000 to n fund for the imjrnnnt of eneuin
l-raneei now renting on the boms of Mrs. |
I*'Kin, Col. M, M. Darker nailed on h ;t
ami ohtamlng from h"r a check on Higgs Ac
Ci. paid o(T Cio tiotoi. Liter in the day bn
prmsntad to Mrs. Logan the canceled notes,
ami she now owns tho houso known ns Cal
umet I’J ace, on Columbia Heights, free from
all encumbrances. Mrs. Logan’s gratitude
was * xpresse 1 ir» a letter b> William Penn
N x n, of Chicago, thanking him
for h!s »fT >r s nnd those who hail
contributed s > generously to her future com
.ort. 1 ho children nnd h sirs of (1 >n Logan,
JH«on. John A. Logan, Jr,, nnd his dnugh
tor. Mm, 'lucker, with her hiuhind, Msj.
ruz''c«r, united in a deed convoying all their
right and Interest ns heirs in the house to
Mrs. lyogan, s > that the house is her property
solely. AsfJoi Ligandlel intestate, this
on the part of the heirs was of course entire
ly voluntary.
It is expect el the rnoveniinl for a monu
ment to Ojn. Ligan will originats either
with the (fr.md Army Fust* or the Army of
the Ten no wee. The latter holy meets In
D trolt In D-cemiier n-xt, and It is probable
th if the movement will take definite sha|*
then.
The Weekly Crop deport.
The geriersl tenor of the r sports from the
winter-- wheat rttn os Continues to In fsvorahle
for the seeded grain. Fourteen Ohio counties
making returns this wrek all make favorable
report*. The Holds are well protect* I wi'h
snow and the plant looks very healthy
Hlraliar reports are made from thirteen
Indiana counties, with one exoaption—Pik —
which reports a numlmr of fl -Ids showing se
vere injury from freezing. Fight Michigan
counties make a uniformly favorable
snowing. import* were received thl* week
from f wmi ty-*« vcn ]| fnni* axiatlii, tmbnws
*nK one-third of tho*e growing winter wheat
All liftt. At* of thme report the w.nter-vi h -nt
out-look an favorable. Rp>rt* from Cl»y,
franklin, I.iwronce and Wavne c’untie*
•how that- the wheat but Iwrn fr( *-n end tha'
the fl *ld* are covered with frow i *lee‘. ]n
flffaan Kiniai counties the prospects for
growing grain la considered fair to v *y\
while Harjiar, Lyon And Pawnee o .notiea re
port the grain a* looking bidty. Nme Wis
consin COun tie* report the wheat mi .look a.
generally favorable. H ,g cholera i» prevail
Ing with considerable rlol.mct in Mia* url.
Indiana and Ohio. In J >hnaon county,
I *wa, the boga are dying < fT in v^ry lerg»
number*
Iiilcrcatcii In flic Job.
A burglar, who wm doing a neat job
on a large wale, wa* horrifird on looking
up to ace a roan standing nuietly be*ide
him. lie wua about to retire, when tho
\ gentleman raid :
"(to ahead. 1 am lntere»ted in that
job ”
"Why?'’ asked the astonished burglar,
"Berauae I hare f .rgotten the combi
aation, and no bring peraon knew It but
myself. If you enn get that safe open.
I’ll make it worth your while."—Hurling
'on Frto Pre*t.
At Middletown, Ohio, a policeman took
out hie revolver to show a neighl>or how he
would treat tramp* If they mol sted him. In
returning the weapon to hit rsy-ket it we* ac
cidentally diacharg-d and hia eis-vcarold
eon was instantly kill# I.
A Timirti. twelve mile* long I* t > b* run
In Nevada County, Cal , for the punmee of
draining certain mine* in that section A
company with $1,000,000 < apiial h** tw
I formed to do the work.
ItHVIKW OF I'llADK.
Itcport* front (Vntcr* Inil Irate an
l imsuitl Volume of IIiisIiu'm.
The peculiar scarcity of freah an>l exciting
♦▼•nlldurlmlS* put week la not a had
•ign. IVodu 'lion and distribution have gone
on ao qa o'Jjr that Mm mormoui magnituik
of tr inaactlona fa not by all apiireciato I, nor
l« attention As *d by ittrllliii; |i'!ianfni for
bettor or for w.irae But vTldtaw abiundi
of the unusual relume of butinm*; I
l>ai»k ta*h«nget throughout that
country and traftl.' returns bear taatlniny a* |
to d atribution, while agricultural and man*
iifactur.ug statistics ah >w that pro I notion
baa hardly ever bwni gre iter. Weatbotid 1
rail shipment* In l>c vinb'f ware novel
tqualle l except In lnM. Tili tlnal crop ra*
port of tho Agricultural Bureau, allowing a
yield last year of 457.OUI.OJO buthala of
wbcit, l.ikl >,0 > i OishoU of c iru an 1 OJl.OOJ,
tKKJ huih-V.a of oiti , states th it tho far nora,
while getting in re for their corn and oata
Ilian In 1 885, averag'd nn’y ft'tfo for wheat
agaiuat 77 Ic in 18B3, but tbo low prioe mi
•hi < to tbo enormous ailrplut Cilia si by rpec*
ulatlvc control of markets,
Iron production, by many deem"! tha beet
liaroni>ter, waa 1UU.S5I tons weekly January
1 against l‘4l,'J0l Pjceinlicr I, having In*
cren*el 31.fl per cent, during the year. In
ipite of an output cxv'ee Hug 8.1)78,000 tona lu
ax months, prices uivo rissen until (‘Jl It
drm in le I for No. I anthracite, fUJ la qu He l
for steel rails «i nulla, and Western nail*
niakcra on Welnesday ralstd Ikelr prlc*
from g'J 4 • to 'J tkl. M 'anwhile (hrinan pro*
dilution of Iron was lea* in October, 1885,
than In an I for lea unmtli* of the year
1->M par cent, leai Coke production la In*
creasing; 1,000 new ovens are to lie a<ldet in
lu tho Ml. I'.enaaut diatrict of reunayliiania
Tlie grmu markete have chan re 1 charncter
Ku 'opo bought heavily for some months, vlr*
tually controlling tins market In spits of
S|w>culatorA. Hinio N»w Y >ar’ii foreigner*
ars selling, in tbo belief tli it prions will go
Insvor, and InstTuvday Chicago helped to
hraak down the prieenceut. Hot suits/ /j'lent
reonvery prompts suspicion that largo
«]«'oulators are buying, mil tho markets
nro now in s|teculutive Imn In. Corn an<l
oata olis'tl a shade lowor, oil oont
lowor, cotton 1*10 lowor, pork 25 cent* lower
ami lard % cent lower than n week ago. The
cattle market is nls > deprc/Hod, and British
prints of American :U» >f are lower. CofTne
II >at* upward «a lly at present, having
gained % cent for the week; hut the spent
latora have work ahead when supplies come
forward largely. H lver advanoad nearly X
d in London. The dry goo la market is steady
as to prices, and fairly active for the Reason
though a waiting policy prevails ns to wool’
BUM.
Money Is abundant and cheap, heavy dis
bn.-iteinouts of corporate and firm proflta be
ing slowly ab*orbe I by investments. For
eign exchange haa rlstn rapidly toward the
|ioint at which gold may be exported, bank
ers l/ogln to remark that part of tho amount
recently imported could well he (pared.
Foreign sales of securities here
appear to have balanced aocounta for the
moment, hut tho scale does not yet turn n
far that geld g/tes out. Exports continue
large, though of wheat smaller of late in
December. Tho value of breadstuff* export
ed was thirteen million dollars against ten
million dollars in 18s5, and for six months
seventy-eight million, two hundred thousand
dollars against fifty-two million, nine hund
red thnuaind dollars in 18X5.
Tho Treasury took in nearly two millions
gold, iiaif a million silver and as much of le
gal tenders during the past week. But the
receipts of silver at the custom houses have
risen above 20 per cent of all receipts.
OKNKKAIi MAIIKKT8,
PlTTHBUKOn.
FLOUR—Fancy family
t'holce red winter
W HEAT—A No. I Rod
No. 2 Red
CQRN—Mixed, Hhelled
Yellow—Knr
RYK-No. 2
OATH — White
8EKI)S—Clover seed,
Timothy seed
HAY—No. 1, Timothy bale I
f'rairie
timothy from wagons
MILLFKKD- Bran
Heconds
M iddlirigs
Chop Fee I
BUTT E R—("reaniery
Choice roll
CURKHK -Fine Ohio Factory
New York Orphan
BOOS
vor atoeh
POULTRY— Ltve Chicken*
APPLEH
HAI.TI WORK.
FI/OUR Huperflne
WHEAT—No, 2 red
RYE
CORN
OATH—Western mixed
BUTTER -Htate
EOOH
4 2*> t o 4 ftO
4 00 4 2*.
HO 90
87 88
4,°. 44
40 47
62 o:i
8tl
4 75 5 00
2 Ift 2 21
14 <i0 14 V/
h oo h r,o
14 00 16 00
15 00 16 00
in oo
14 00 15 50
16 00 17 00
M 85
20 26
10 18
12 18
2) 8)
45 55
25 4»
1 75 3 00
2 50 8 0o
01
56
47
83 88
20 JM
2s
CifrnnrfiATf.
PJiOUIt Fanny
WHEAT
KYK
COHN
OATH
BUTTER
BOOK
PORK
AI log limy
8 80
20
Id vr~ Stock Yard
4 00
H4
r,u
8k
81

92
12 Ml
CATTUt
Number <m ail*, v.'Pt betd again*! 221 head
lhl« rl .jr »"*k; market fairly active; pen*
pr*»ttr we 1 early In the day. Of the
2::h on wile, lot h*nd were from Chicago and
IH7 from Ohio, all owned by Alex. Oreen
*2~*' Wh° *°l<1 *l r*rbC,nK ,r,,m * ^ to
anxrr aud Lavm.
*1 here were 2 M on wile Iron CMpi/o and
Ohio, agnlnat 384 iM* day week Market
arMreand price. mg. Hheep . id at ft to
ft 7ft, and lamia a 7ft tofl.Vi. Ojol land*
•old higher than tide day week
■OOC>
Numb*r on eale, 41 i agalnat SW this day
week; Alex. Oreenwaid, who ha/1 all on tale,
reported a fairly active market, and that he
retailed at an average of f6.
Ontral Live Slock Vania.
OATTl.lt.
Market dil'l; aupply large, about 100 nan;
prin * on all gradaa 1ft to 9ft’ per 100 llw. low,
er with quite a number left over nnaoM. Offer
erinza nonalderaMy larger than expert# i an I
buyer* had the advantage, and It l« nrarceiy
nenewary to wiy that they made the beat p<*,
*1 bla u*e of ft.
aiiRKP a tin UMM,
While the aupply w«* not exneaaire the
market waa alow amt price# % t> y., lower,
alih'-ugh the pen* we-e pretty well eieerel nt
J Hheep aold at 4 to 5 and lamia at
noon.
Market ateady and fairly active; PhUadeb
phi# b«f» 4 OT to ft. Yorker* 4 TO to 4 8ft
MR. AND MRS. BOWSER.
MRS BDWflKR S ACCOUNT OP SOM V
FAMILY DISCUSSIONS
>lr II. Nuddcnly Develop** n Poml<
iu*ii for Til lea—Where In '/. un/t
l»«*r?— What Wn* I.oinrtVIloW'
Mr. llowwr is a great man to “break
on! in spot*." Tho other evening, nfler
be buil lighten! a cigar and got liin feet
braced on the mantel ho suddenly ob
served :
“ Mm. Hawser, has it never occurred
to von to call me Judge?”
‘•Never!” 1 promptly replied, for ho
bad complained of the biscuit at supper.
“ Nor (’oloucl I”
“ No!”
While I could probably have gone
to the Supreme bench, or been coimnis
aione I Colonel,” ho softly continued, “l
did not care for |he honor, I am not
one, Mrs Dowser, (o clutch at titles in
order to lift myself up, but I didn't
know but it might please you to bo
known n>* Mrs. .lodge Dowser.”
“ I don’t want the title.”
“Very well, Mrs. Dowser. If you
have no care for social distinction i’m
sure I haven't. If your ambition is to
plunk yourself in the house with that
wall oyod baby and pay no attention to
the demands o<‘ society I might as woll
join another lodge.”
I felt a bit conscience slrickcn over
the wnv I had acted, and after nwhile 1
wont oat and told tho cook to c ill him
Judge when she canto in with the last
sruttle of coal. When she canto shn
managed to hump him to give her nn
cxcuso for saymg: “Excuse me, Con
stable excuse me 1”
There was a solemn silence for fivo
minutes alter she left the loom. Then
Mr. Dowser observed :
“Perhaps, on trio whole. Mrs. Dowser,
it would be iiH well not to attempt to cull
mo by nny titlo. Hired help is so stu
pid, you know?’’
tbi ii bite occasion, ns our fireside wm
n scene of pence and happiness, Mr/
bowser softly remarked:
“Mrs. Dowser, whenever it comes
handy you’d better throw out bints to
your la ly friends that you were educated
abroad.”
*'\V hyf”
“Well, It will increase their respect
for you.”
“Hut I wan educated in the little red
school house at l’erryville, you know,
and have never been out of the State.”
“Don't talk so loud, as Jnne may be
listening! I told a friend only tho
other day (hat I was educated abroad,
and had boon through all the art galler
ies of Kurono.”
“What place did you say you studiod
uti"
“Zanzibar.”
“Why, my dear, that’s in Africa:”
“It ih! Now thut shows what you
know! Zanzibaris in Germany. Mrs.
bowser, I don't want to crow over you ’*
on the subject of education, but when
you display Buch lamentable ignorance
of geography I have to foe) glad that iny
school days were not wasted.”
“I say it’s in Africa!”
“Mrs. Bowser!”
“And I’ll prove it by the atlas 1”
“If you do I’ll give you $50 in cash !’f
I got out the atlas, und there, over on
the east const of the Dnrk Continent wns
Zanzibar, as every school child knows.
“I ll tukc thut fifty,” I quietly re
marked.
“No, vou won’t! Home fool of a map
maker has gone and got drunk and
mixed things up, and I'm not going to
nay for it. When I know that Zanzibar
is in Germany I know It just as well ns
tho atlas or anybody else.”
“Did this friend of yours a k you what
o'd muster you preferred?”
“Yes, ma'am, and I was posted there,
too. You may think I go sloshing
around with both eyes shut and my
tongue hanging out. Mrs. Bowser, hut *
that s where you are dead lame. I told
him I ongfoller.”
“Mr. bowser!”
“What now! You don’t s’pose I said
Ham batch or buffalo bill, do you?”
“but Longfellow was not a painter at
all, he was a poet.”
lie drew In his breath until his face
was as red a* a beet, and ho jumped up
snd down and flourshod his arms like a
wind-mill, ami finally got voice to roar
out.
“I’ll bet you nino hundred thousand
million quadrillion dollars to that old
back comb in your hair! Mrs. Bowser,
such assumption and nssurnneo on your
part is unbearable!”
“Jano may hear you.”
“Jane be hanged, and you, too ! Mrs.
Bowser, I demand an apology for this
insuit!”
“Wnit till I prove that 1/ongfellow was
not an artist, but a poet.”
“I'll give you a million dollars if you
do it.”
i gnr oown mo volume or norms l>y
Longfellow whicli Mr Bowser nud given
me Ihe year before, and then I went to
the encyclopedia nnd made a tight caso
on him He was at first inclined to
(five in, but directly he struck the table
such a blow that baby screamed out,
ami then shouted:
“I s« e how it ist You are looking for
Longfellow all the time, nnd I distinctly
stated that it was Long/Vf/Vr.' If the
printers have got drunk and left the
mime out am I to blamcf ’
'•Mr. Dowser, I believe T will say T
was educated abroad I believe I will do
it to please you.”
‘•On! you will! Well, you needn’t do
anything of the kind! Folks would all
know by your freckles that you sat in
the sun in some country school foundry I
Mrs, Bowser, you’ve broken up tho
poaro of this fireside by yo-ir malicious
conduct, and you needn't set up for mo
to Dight' I may not rome home before
to morrow !’ —Detroit Free Pre$t.
A Race of Dwarfs.
Tho eiplorer, Ludwig Wolff, has re
cently returned from the Congo and was
interviewed by your rorresponpent. He
reports having mot in the Sankowron
region many tritiei of dwarfs generally
m< Muring loss than four feet, beardless,
with short and woolly hair. They live
by hunting, are wonderfully agile, go> d
tempered, ind many thousands are
d spersed over the wild region. They
are known tinder the name of I'atona*.
They ml* very little w th the full grown
population. Ihis, says Wolff, co firms
the ancient conjecture-* of Herodotus
and Aristotle m to th<- existence of a
rare of pigmies in Afrioi These Afri
can I.iliputian* received me very hospita
bly, saia Mr Wolff. —y<rte Y^k

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