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West Virginia Argus.
1111 111 mtt ' ™' ^""W* 5 - *™“ ‘ »' l*S fat*. In. Merchant, 0, M aid W. Ik [....nil,, end the Side tall,. " mt.S II SHE VcH.l'ME XXXIV. mNCWOOD.PRBrroNOOUNTV.WESr[ VIII(;iNlt.THUBSDAtJi(Timi:il mb' NnMIlKll M 1HE RAMBLER Discourses on His Absence from the Meeting of tbe WEST VIRGINIA EDITORIAL ASSO CIATE AT WEBSTER SPRIRGS. Writes President Chas. D. Elliott Ex plaining Why He Could Mot be Pres ent and Address tho Association —Is Pleased With the Eeso lutions which were Pass ed by Association. I am just in rociept of the pro ceedings of the West Virginia Edi torial Association which was held at Webster Springs. I regret that my duties as Temporary Governor pre vented my attendance. i had a very pressing invitation from President Chas. I). Elliott,who 19 also the Tax Reform chronologist of the Parkersburg News, to be present and address the Association. In hit lettei of invitation, President Elliott says: “As the man who stands between the penitentiary and those carrying pistols in the rear pocket of the pan taloon to protect the sanctity of the Australion lnPot I feel that you should bj present and address the Association anil enlighten us on the best method of eliminating the pis tol front the hip pocket without les sening the good results on election day. “As Tax Reform will be the par amount wrangle before the Associa tion it is premincntly fitting that you should honor us with your presence and explain to the rural brethren that the Dawson tax la vs will in no wise lessen the flow ^ of eggs and pvultry to their sanctums, which is so necessary to mantain a subscrip tion list that will insure a first class rating with liradstreet, campaign committees and old line life insur ance companies. “Since you have mastered Ihe science of bm/olugy, which you have applied to ilie Machine with such satisfactory results to the Ma chine and those of us who are en joying the benefits thereof, we deem it just and proper that y»>u should make y mr secret known to the mem bers of the Association that they may profit by your discovery. “Senator Elkins has promised to l»e present and address the Associa tion on the 'Eliinfftatinn of Creden tial Committees in a Political Con vention.’ As you are aware the Senator is the father of this benevo lent discovery which permitted Col. Chas. F. Teter to gracefully retire from the Wheeling convention in his contest for the Governorship with our own beloved Dawson, which at one time threatened the peace and ropose of our Machine. Happily Senator Elkins took the credential committee by the horns in time to aave our tallow from melting. “Bros. Lamar C. I’owell, Deacon ttiown and Leader Shaw, three of Vur most prominent members, will form the advance guard to make a careful analysis of the Webster Springs water before any of the brethren are permitted to mix it with their mint julips, as it has been cur vrn«l* reported by the Prohibition ist^ that the war between the Web ster firings water and whiskey is as pronounced" air ftW war now raging bitween the Machine a\qd the Insur gents. So you need hav^ no fears for your abdominal interior. Be sure and come." \ After a careful perusal of i’resi dent Elliott's flattering i . itatioiy, I replied as follows, as I Could i>( >t leave Charleston on account of rfr ceiving a message of warning tbiji the Insurgents were about to niakt'e a raid on our pies : “I beg leave to acknowledge th«*,i receipt of your generous invitation ■ to attend the much deferred meeting i of the Editorial Association which j meets at Webster Springs. A bet- : ter selection could not have been ; made than Webster Springs. It is remote from civilization and the | strife and turmoil which is engaging ; the attention of the Machine and the.* Insurgents over the bone of conten tion—the pies. It is safe to say that the farmers, who are crowding our county court daily throughout the Slate, Wgging the commissioners to increase their assessment, that they may live in opulence 4nd com fort, will not disturb the tranquility of yottt flowing bowl. “Col. John T. McC.raw and Map Chas. P. Dorr, who have met the Machine and were routed, have on > more than one occasion found solace in taking refuge there, will no doubt entertain and instruct you on the futility of opposing the progress of the Machine. “You do the Editorial Associa tion a great honor to invite me to address the brethren on the subjects of Pistols, Tax Reform and Boozol ogy, which, in the past has so wide ly separated the brethren when more than one of them was reaching out and grasping for the pie they could not grab. “For forty long and dreary years I was a rain bow chaser after the pie 1 Just as I was about to give up in despair Gov. Dawson sprung his 1 ax Reform on an innocent and unsuspecting public, and the com mon people, in appreciation of the wealth producing era of prosperity and the full dinner pail poured forth into the lap of the Governor every specie of pies known to the pieolo gist. In recognition of a faithful follower of Machine supremacy the Govenor generally presented me with my first and only pie, which means a prolongation of my life. "It is the part of wisdom, which makes you a worthy successor of Solomon, who was wise to take un to himself so many ribs, to invite Senator Elkins to orate brfore the Association of perforators. No class of men can puncture the armor of a hungry pieologist with greater solemnity and malice aforethought than a quill driver when there is no pie in sight. “As the age of limitation is about to expire on the Senator’s present piece of pic it will be necessary for him to guarantee to every brother present at the meeting that there is a pie dangling in his sanctum ready to drop into his lap. If this is not done the Machine will have to vio late the constitution and by-laws of our Union and work over time to prepare the dough for the 1906 pie which he is grasping for. This would be a humiliating sight for me to witness. “I was gratified to learn that Bros. Lamar C. Powell, Deacon Brown and Leader Shaw have been appointed the advance guard in pen etrating the wilderness of the Inde pendent Slate of the departed Pat Duffy. There is nothing that I can precieve of at the preseat moment that can harm the exterior or inter ior of the trio of brethren, unless it would be too copious a draught of pure and sparkling mountain water. “(live my kindest regards to all the brethren and assure them that my absence is not due to a lack of orators to entertain and instruct them, but is caused by the vigilance that I must keep over our new tax laws and pies. Have some brother to offer a motion to have this letter spread on the minutes of the meet ing that it inay be preserved for the future generations of piemen and tax reformers." From one who was present I learn that my letter created a great sensa tion. Many and pungent were the regrets expressed by the brethren that I was unable to attend the meet ing. All agreed that I was the fore most journalist of the age and one whom the West Virginia Editorial Association felt justly proud of. From the proceedings before me I note that the brethren had a royal good time, and the numerous re solves and whereases which they spread upon the minutes indicates that they enjoyed themselves as hugely as I did on my first night visit to the Bowery and red light districts in Charleston. Here is one of the resolutions which the brethren passed which is a gem and worthy of circulation : “Resolved, That the West Virgin ia Editorial Association, which has met at Webstet Springs, to discuss Tax Reform, which was promtilgat ed and conglomerated by our dis tinguished Governor, Hon. William yMercer Owens Dawson, before he fvook his departure for Canaria and t)irned over the reins of the Govern tfnent to I he Rambler; and, whereas, it has been reported to this Associ •ation by eminent and scientific boozologitts that the Webster Springs water and high balls and cock-tails will not dwell in the same stomach without endangering the life and happiness of the members of the West Virginia Editorial Asso ciation of this great Commonwealth; therefore, be It resolved, that the memhera of the West Virginia Edi torial Association will refrain from imbibing the Webster Springs water; and that we further pledge anew our undying faith in the virtues and ex hilirating effects of a high ball or a cock-tail after four hours of lal>our> ious brain work on a 4 a\ Reform editorial to prove (hat the farm will grow more and better corn, oats, wheat, potatoes and pies after the Dawson tax laws arc put into full operation." I have just cabled Gov. Dawson the above resolution and asked that he read it to the Canadians as a guarantee of good faith on his part. He writes me that the Insurgents have sent an agent to Canada who is circulating the report that his l ax Reform agitation is a scheme of his to make hitnself King of Canada, They tell the Canadians with flagrant disregard to truth, that the Cover nor’s tax laws is not the cause of America’s prosperity ami full dinner pail.. I his is an outrageous libel on the Governor who has sacrificed his health and happiness that the American farmer should prosper un der in increased assessment. Hut I must produce a resolution possed by the Editorial Association which is full of boquets for myself and which I so richly deserve. 1 fancy it was introduced by Hro. het&cll, of the Old Family Journal, who has an abiding faith in my greatness and loyalty to the Machine and Ring. Here it is and it speaks for itself : “Resolved, That theWest Virgin ia Editorial Association has learned with great pleasure and satisfaction that it« most eminent and disting uished member, The Rambler, has been installed as Temporary Gover nor of our great and growing State, while Gov. Dawson is absent in Canada to plant hi* tax laws in that soil. Wo desire to say to the peo ple of West Virginia, who may not have the pleasure of his acquantance and the number oi years he waited patiently for his pie, that in The Rambler they have a Governor who will fight with bare knuckles and die in the harness before he will surren der one pie to the Insurgents which rightly belongs to the Machine. And as a Dawson tax reformer he stands out prominently as the great und good friend of the farmer—as long as his pic lasts. Should he lose his pic in the war between the Machine and the Insurgents this Association will not be responsible for any acts he may commit or any debts he may contract I” No one could have written rcso lution but Hro. Whetsell. It came from the heart and has the (listing dishing features of an appreciation of one who has stood by the Ma chine and Ring—fight or wrong ! The RA.MBi.Kk. Aim ITS DKFKAT. If evidence was lacking heretofore that the Insurgents have the Ma chine whipped, Gov. Dawson’s in terview of recent date furnishes a'.l the evidence that is required for thinking people to decide. Those of us who have known Gov. Dawson for the past twenty-five years know that Dawson spurned any overtures from those who opposed him, to compromise for “the good of the party” on any terms that might he suggested by his opponents. Daw son’s policy has always been to “whip the kickers back into the traces.” In fact it was his proud boast that those who opposed his Ring in I’reston “could never hold office as long as he could wield a pen.” In those days when he strut ed around* with a chip on his shoul der the only Republican paper pub lished in I’reston was the Journal which he owned. No “kicker” would i»e permitted the use of the columns of the Journal to present to the people their “tale of woe." In each issue of the Journal Editor Dawson would lampoon the “kick ers” fore and aft .?nd they would have to “grin and bear it," In this way the rank and file of the Kepub lican party in Preston were lead to believe that those men who opposed King rule from honest convictions, ami not because they were office seekers, were really “kicking" to oppose and disrupt the Republican party, as Editor Dawson represented them to be doing. The little band in those years who had the courage of their convictions to oppose Dawson and his Ring ru'e were like angels visits, “few and f.«r between." The most con i spicious of this little band was l.e roy Shaw. For twenty five years I^roy Shaw has kept up his fight against Hossism and Ring rule, prov ing to the honest rank and file of his party that he was not opposing Dawson for any personal grievances, but because he was opposed to Boss ism and Ring rule and in favor of a Idlest Wirginia. BY H. L. SNYDER Of the Shepherdst own Register. I oem tead before the West Virginia Editorial Association at Webster Springs. September 20. 1905. from where the rippling Shenandoah, fairest Daughter of the Stars, Hy the toil of countless ages has torn down her rocky bars_ From the vineyards of the Valley and its fields of wheat and coin, l rom the land of wine and honey, ruthless from its mother torn— l rom our splendid western borders, facing toward the setting sun, l hat with so great toil snd danger from their savage hosts were won, " here the mighty, broad Ohio, flowing on so strong and free, Hears the commerce of an empire from the mountains to the sea — I tom the stern and rugged counties stretched along our northern line, "here men grow tall and sturdy, like their hemlock and their pine, And the busy hum of industry from workshop and from mill fells of Oenius’s great triumphs and Labor's wondrous skill— And from our southern boundary, where lie the sunny fields, And the earth her richest treasures to the delving miner yields, Where the iron horse, shrilly shrieking, starts the eagle from his crag, And the axe of spoiling woodman sounds where roamed the bear and stag_ Aye 1 from every hill and valley, from mountain and from plain, Swells forth the splendid chorus, telling in its proud refrain I he grand achievements of a people who by divine decree Hive Progress as their watchword, their motto,“Mountaineers Are Free!” In the days of the beginning, ere mankind was given birth, The Creaur with His riches filled the breast of Mother Earth. In His wisdom and His goodness vastest treasures there were stored, Waiting silent through the ages human effort to reward. And of this great beneficence, so regally prepared, Our State above all other States the bounties rich has shared. Our valleys, fair and fertile, yield their products of the best, The cattle on our thousand hills find rich pastures to the crest. Our forests of primeval growth in great, unmeasured tracts, Still thickly stand and yet invite the cvcr-coiujuering axe. l'he giants of the centuries, the maple, oak and pine, Await the stroke that lays them low, each for its own design. /\u<i mrougn inc mils and mountains with certainty wc trace Great dusky veins of splendid coal, God's best gift to the race. The latent force and energy, a million years compressed, Hurst forth to move a universe, obeying man’s behest. I.ven from the bowels of the earth gush forth for human use 1 hick streams of oil, unfailing as the willow’s ancient cruse, While flames as strange as ever burned at Mystic’s altar fire I’res* up from Nature’s reservoirs and yield to man’s desire. Oh ! such blessings ne’er were given to a sovereign state before ! Opportunity ne’er opened half so wide her golden door ! hor the resolute and faithful, the industrious and strong, The harvest rich is waiting to reward the striving throng. Hut ’tig not our rich resources that shall make us truly great. Men of brains and strength and virtue still must constitute the stale. Noble aims and high endeavor, patriotic deeds and pure, Must bt woven in our building if the structure shall endure. Our ambitions must be tempered by desire to do the right_ Greed of gold and power our best efforts often blight. Neglectful of our duty to onr God and fellowmen, Our laurel wreathes shall wither and return to dust again. I.et our uplands lift us higher, till our very being thrill# With the sweetness and the grandeur of our West Virginia hills; And the privilege of living in earth's choicest dwelling place Shall make us blest through all the ages o’er the others of our race. So with our lovely women, as virtuous as fair, And our men of pure ideals, ready each his part to bear, We’ll form a grand dominion, patriotic, clean and strong, I hat shall stand for truth and justice and perpetuate no wrong. Then, all hail to West Virginia ! Forward march ! with steady stride ! In faith and hope and wisdom may our ship e’ver safely glide. And through the ages yet to erne let the world our progress see, And revere our stainless motto, “Mountaineers Are Always Free I” square deal for all Republicans. At last the rank and file of (he Republicans of I’reston have learn ed to know Lee Shaw as an honest and fearless man who would sacri fice his life rather than crinre and bow the knee to any political Boss or Ring. They have found out that when Dawgon left the county that I'C'* Shaw did not relax his vigilance in fighting the Boss and the Ring, which was transferred to the favorite henchmen of Dawson, What is the result ? Today we see the honest rank and file of the Repub'icans joining hands with leader Shaw in fighting the Boss and the Ring. At last they have, learned that Leader Shaw has been right in his opposition to Boss ism and Ring rule and that they have been decieved all these years by the Ring. The Dawson interview ac knowledge* this. Gov. Dawson is now willing to compromise with the Insurgent* (that’s what the Cubans were called by Spain when they were fighting for their freedom and Independence) on any terms they may offer. Why ? Because Gov. Dawson is one of the far seeing politicians of this State and he rea lize* that unless the Insurgents can be persuader) to "lay down their arms” that the Machine’s usefulness in this State is at an end. Will the Insurgents be caught in the Dawson trap? It remain* to I»e seen. If they are the Machine will show them no mercy once in it* coils. Insurgents, beware ! OUR NKW YORK LBTTKR. Iatte*l Wrinkles in l.ingerle Salt. Water llathlng—(Jp.to.date Fasti Inna. Copious rains have been our por tion lately, and our parks look as green as June. Some oppressive ! days, resembling those of August have also been our portion, and no one as yet has had to don Fall gar- I ments. But wc are corning to it, ! just the same. It is not advisable I to adhere to thin clothing after the ! Fall thill definitely asserts itself; wc need to husband our vigor for what lies before us. I have received word from a lady reader of this good paper that, j since she began putting Ditman’s sea salt into her bath water, she has vastly improved in health. People not strong should always have this helpful commodity to hand, for a briny scrub at any and all seasons will set them up amazingly. Those who are strong will find it a wonder ful factor in keeping them well. It is fine for weak ankles and aching backs, and the uncertain, trembling 1 limbs of babies just beginning to ! walk can be reinforced amazingly by daily bathing them with briny water, and bowleggedness prevented. Write to Mr. A. J. Ditman, of No. 2 Barclay street, New York, with a view to getting some. The smartest petticoats are of soft India silk instead of taffeto. Vat enclenncs and point d’esprit are used on high-class underwear; though real Cluiiy is more recherche than either. Petticoats must lit snugly about the waist, and for several inches below it. The newest cor set covers have a seam under each arm only. A little fullness appears at the waist-line in back, and the full fronts arc richly hand-ctnbroid ered. An exquisite fad is to have full sets of underwear in colors. A charming development of this nature occuis in baby blue India silk of finest quality, trimmed with real Val lace, ami run with blue satin ribbon matching the underwear in color. It has recently been asset ted dial men will eventually take to wearing corsets; but it is hardly likely. Meanwhile, representative ladies in all sections will continue to adorn themselves with the delightful R. \ (1., which feels so comfortable while it brings out all their pretty natural lilies and curves, and suppresses un desirable angles. Corsets were made for women, to be worn by women, just as trousers belong strictly with in the masculine province. A wo man in mannish garments would be a sorry sight; one which would per haps discount it would be the spec tacle of a man ultired in womanly habiliments. Fancy brother bor rowing sister's corset I Dog collars are to be in great de mand. Jet and beads will figure in their make-up. Some have chains and pendants; others have not. A brilliant dog collar is of red crystal beads clasped with rubies. There arc collars of coral and amber which arc very pretty, but have no claspi other than necessary ones of plain gold. (.ailing and reception gowns show graceful lines. The waist and skirl correspond as to material. Velvet will be in vogue, especially for street gowns. It is universally becoming—which fact will make for its popularity. 1 he smartest skirts show long lines, accentuated in many instances by bauds of trimming. Princessc gowns arc trimmed down the front and around the hem with embroid ery bands. Hlack costumes are lightened in effect by embroidered satin trimmings. Many of t h e handsomest gowns of black show rich black silk embroidery. (Jauze and cloth and lace and cloth are as frequently combined as as lace and gauze. Linens arc orn amented with silk frills, pinkings and killings. An attractive evening gown is of pale chiffon made up over taffeta of some deep shade which harmonizes. Hands of tins tafleta trim the chiffon. The bodice opens over a lace vest. Kvkj.yn Cahlk. TIIK KIMMVOOD AltCHJM Max Mot I ted the Whole Question of Cosmogony. Kfom the Morgantown Chronicle. A correspondent of the Kingwood Argus, whose signature is G, is run ning a continued story in that pa per. in an endeavor to prove that Moses and LeConte took exactly the same view of the creation of the world, their apparent differences be ing due to their inability to express their views of the same terms. In other words, the Bible account of the creation of the world does not conflict witli the geological story. This is the same old story. Glad stone and Huxley tried to settle it, but it refused to be settled. The Argus man is now proving that the six days of Genesis meant six periods of geological time. He seems well posted in Scripture, and it is to be regretted that the same cannot be said of his knowledge of geologly. But he uses geological terms without any definite idea of their meaning. fie proves h I s points ol Scripture by quotations, from the original Greek and He brew. The trouble with this is that the Greeks and Hebrews were very poor geologists. The controversy thus far in the Argus has been one-sided. No dis putant has arisen to take the other side. But it is only a question of time until one will arise, if Mr. G keeps up his licks, and fills a large part of the valuable space of the Ar gus each week with his proofs that Moses was the greatest geologist of the world, as well as the greatest law giver of ancient times, A New York man insists that the world has four corners. "He shouldn’t talk so loud. One of those billion dollar syndicates may corner all the corners." I MR mil KIIER. The State Department Has Trouble Over Some of Our Congressmen] TELLING TALES OUT OF SCHOOL. Our Labor Unions in Favor of Acting tho Fool Liko Thoy Do Abroad. Regular Correspondent o( I l»e Aigui. Washington, Oct. 3, 1905 — The State Department has alxnit the same trouble on Its hands re garding the American Congressmen who recently visited the Kaiser that the French Minister had with the I'renchman Richard who purported to have interviewed the President after the Portsmouth Conference. There is all sorts of trouble in the big building, and Second Assistant Secretary Adee, who is the cnoyclo* pedia of dillitonti diplomacy for the Department, is scratching his head to know how to square the Congress men with the Herman C.ov ernment in the person of Ambassa dor Spec von Sternberg when the latter next calls. It really appears from the dispatches that reached Washington both official and other wise, that the Kaiser, like the par rot in the fublc, talked too much. He was nailed on by Congressmen l.itllcficld of Maine, McNary of Massachusetts, Hartholdt of Miss ouri, Waldo of New York ami Harchfield of Pennsylvania. The Kaiser according to ihe story, tried to do a little missionary work and talked to the Congressmen nt some length about the “yellow peril,” of which spook by the way the Kaiser is the creator. Now in Germany there is the same unwritten law, tha? the Kaiser shall not be quoted any more than shall the President. Whether this was explained to the Congressmen before they were ad mitted to the audience^ is not known. It is to be hoped for the honor of the American Congress, which can not even keep the secrets of the ex ecutive sessions, that it was not. Anyhow when the Congressmen got through with their heart to heart talk, they told the story of the Kair.er’s remarks. This was cabled at once to the Japanese newspapers and the Japanese Government was incensed. The Kaiser’s missionary work was rendered of non effect ow ing to the publicity and to square himself, had to repudiate the whole interview. Consequently the Con gressional party is goin^ to cut short its stay in Germany and the State department will make what ever amends it can, unofficially of course, for this breach of internaj tional etiquette. i nc isurcau of l.abor has just is sued a report that is going to cause a lot of disturbance in labor circles. It is to the effect that the labor un ions of this country arc in favor of the restriction of individual output as practiced abroad, and that in the last two years, while wages in the meat packing business have ad vances per cent, the time taken to the work has increased from thirty to fifty per cent. This is bad hearing for the people who heretofore looked upon the Ameri can laborer as the swiftest and most skillful in the world and who boast ed that there was no such thing as restricted output in America, It was said that whatever else might be charged against them, the labor er unions here had never adopted the foolish foreign policy of scaling down the speed of an entire lot of men to the pace of the slowest in the parly. This has been the ac knowledged rule abroad for a years past and it has gotten so bad in England as to make the work of the building contractor almost im possible. There are even different scales of speed for the workmen on Government snd private jobs, and the system in London reached its logical conclusion on one piece of of Government work where the num ber of bricks laid by a man in a day were reduced to 400 on coarse brick work where the normal rate of speed was 1,800. It is claimed in the department report just issued that the restriction of output exists in the packing and glass making trades, the latter being very highly organized, i n the cigar making trade and in several others where in sp'te of the installation of im proved machinery and labor saving devices, the cost of production has increased out of all proportion to the increase in wages. Of course in these eases as in all others, the con sumer ultimately pays the bill cither in increased prices or inferior goods. I he charge is a very serious one which the union will of course deny as strenuously as they can. and which the manufactures will do their best to substantiate. But it is a foolish and short-sighted practice which it is to be hoped will never gain a real foothold in this country. "c were last gaining commercial ascendency in the world when this laborer blight struck us. I here is a great deal of talk in Department circles over the treaty between (Ireut Britain and Japan which has just been ollicially pub lished. The treaty is regarded fa vorably on the whole in diplomatic circles. It is classed as a very strong guarantee in diplomatic cir cles. It is classed as a very strong guarantee for peace in the far east, because no power would Ire likely to attack either Japan or Great Britain, knowing that each nation was pledged to come to the other's assistance. It is spoken of as a great victory algo for the open door policy as assuring the maintainance of the stntus quo in the far cast*. This, however, may be taken with as large an allowance as suits the taker. Everyone knows that Japnn has nothing to fear from the open door, being geographically and naturally the most, and in fact, only favored nation in that regard. It is quite likely that Great Britain, whose trade in China is already on the decline, may find in her ally a more powerful rival in the commer cial orient than either Germany or the United States. 1 he question of old age pension in the civil service lias again come to the front. There lias been formed an organization in the government departments to plead for legislation in that line, and the initial meeting has just been held, at which the principal address was made by W. K. Andrews, Auditor of the Treas ury. He urged that the clerks should combine to form a common ^pension fund, and said that with the rapid increase of the government service the question of superanuation pensions would force itself on the people in a few years. .He gave fig ures to show that this was true, and urged a compulsory retirement age as in the army. MIM.IONAIItKM ON KAltlll Ten 'I Iioiihiiii4 am! Hlghl jr-Soven, Hair of 0 ho hi Are in IJ. S John I). Rockefeller’s fortune is not less than $500,000,000, There are now 10087 known mil lionaires (more than one half of whom 5,027 arc1 in America,) their fortunes totaling $9,000,000, 000. Every State and Territory is represented in the list and one mil lionaire, an Indian. Melvin Demp sey, in Alaska. Nearly all of the remaining 5,060 millionaires are in Europe, though Asia has 900 and Africa and South America each have their share. In 1846 Moses Y. Beach printed a list of New York city's rich men. He gave the names of 1,024 possess ing 100,000 each, and of 23 men with $1,000,000 each. Now only millionaries are counted among the rich, and there are 1,300 of them in New York city alone. In Australia Sir Jervoisc Clarke has a sheep ranch worth $150,0*0 000; and in South Africa, Ab; Bent ley is so rich that he gave 80,000, 000 acres of valuable land as a con tribution to the Salvation Army, Among the millionaires of Tendon Sir Thomas Eipton’s $25,000,000 is small fry when compared with es tates such as that of the infant Earl Grotnevor, valued at $80,006,000, or that of the premier Duke of Nor folk, whose income is $7,500 a day. The United States government has officially awarded the contract for supplying the lo:omotivc engines of the Panama Canal Railroad and othrr engines used in the construc tion of the canal to the Fairmont Coal Company after a competitive test for steam producing features. The Fairmont company won out against all bidders, the Fairmont coal excelling very largely in this respect. The contract calls for 5o,ooo tons of Fairmont coal, and arrangements have been for ship ping the first cargo. The contract also calls for the fulfillment within a period of six months, and from the standpoint of recognition of the good steam <pialities of the coal in this field, is one of the most impor ant ever captured by the coal com pany.