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Weekly Oil Review!
FORMERLYntTYi-ER DEMOCRAT, * K H, McCOY, Editor and prop'r, SistersYille, V. Ya SUBSCRIPTION, ia months, in Advance, |i.oo <? 6 " 44 " 50 ? 3 .? ?? ?? a5 Entered at the P. O. at Sisteraville as Second class mail matter. WEDNESDAY MAY n, 1898, Each war brings with it its heroes. They are the men who have taken advantage of their op portunities, and have thereby written their names indelibly high upon the roll of their country's honored ones. In the last war, what a list of names that were be fore that time unknown, became household words from that time. The names of men both from the north and from the south, were levered, honored and respected be cause of deeds of valor, and hero ism and ability on the field of bat tle. So it will be with this war. Dewey is the first. Who of our readers ever heard of him before the battle of Manila? He had there the opportuuity, and as an Ameiican? and no better compli ment could be accorded him ? did he meet that opportunity, and through it write his name high among those whom the nation de lights to honor. And if the war is |^rolonged there will be others. ^They may now be in obscurity. But they have within them the qualities which await only the op portunity to startle the world and electrify their country with what they can do when this opportunity is theirs. Many names, if we have to fight for any length of time, will ?Q along with Porter and Farragut and .Grant and Sherman as worthy members of the succeeding gener ation. The world is troubled over what we will do with the Philippine is lands. They are conjecturing the result upon the diplomacy of the eastern question, and are fearful that the United States will become a factor therein. They need have no fear of that. We are not hunt ing after territorial aggrandizement. We simply desire to demonstrate to all civilized peoples that we are slew to anger, but when aroused, we are ready, willing, and able to cope with the best of [them. After having done that, and after having generated among the gov ernments of the world that fact, we ire perfectly willing to again take lp the work of developing the greatest civilization of modern Rimes. It is peculiar that it takes more talking and more rag chewing and more argument to get the West Virginia guards in condition to take the front than those of any other state. But then we have too many big men in this state, and each one of them must have the thing so arranged that they will be just as big at the end of the con test as they were in the beginning. No matter what the boys who go to the front do, there must be no belittling of the fellows who stay at home. If every state was as we have been so far, it would take a long time to go to an army that would take Cuba or any other is land or country that could offer any resistance at all. The old world is rapidly chang ing its opinion of us. From a na tion of shop keepers, the battle of Manila ha<? made us a nation of warriors, and the people across the ! pond are just now guessing as to whether it would be a wise and |jafe thing to have anything to do Easy to Take asy to Operate Are features peculiar to Hood's Pills. Small In size, tasteless, efficient, thorough. As one man Hood's said: " You never know you _ have taken a pill till it is all F& -.HE a over." 25c. C. I. Hood & Co., BIB 1% Proprietors, Lowell, Mass. ? ? ? ? The only pills to take with Hood's Sarsaparilla. with a nation so young and vigor ous as we have demonstrated our selves to be. We are looking for a Sampson's day that will equal if it does not exceed Dewey's day. We may not have tbe complete victory in the Atlantic that we had in the Pacific, but we can depend upon one thing, that our men in the Atlantic squad ron will acquit themselves fully as well as did those of the Pacific, and that cannot mean anything else than victory. The little torpedo boats did not do much good at Manila. The one thing to be tested in this war is their respective merit as fighting machines against the modern iron clads. If the battle at Manila is to be repeated, the confidence that their makers have had in these lit tle engines of destruction will be materially decreased. Wheeling is still thinking about celebratingDewey 's victory. Wheel ing was always about two weeks behind Sistersville, and always will be. We have done that and are wait ing for the time to come when we will paint the town red over Sampson's crushing defeat of the Cape Verde squadron, which we believe will come as soon as they meet. Notwithstanding the effort of the Wheeling papers to prevent the Review from securing the Associat ed Press reports, we are getting the best war news just the same. And as the Pittsburg papers come on an early train, it will be mighty little Wheeling literature that will circu late in this community. King William says that those Yankees can shoot as well as sell hogs. And while he is called the crazy king, he has some sense in this conclusion. We are of the opinion that the battle of Manila set the whole continent of Europe thinking as they never thought be fore. A bold attack upon Cuba is ex pected immediately after the meet ing of the two Atlantic squadrons. Then we will have some land fight ing that will show the world that the Yankees can fight as well on land as they did on the bay of Manila. Some practical jokers get an im mense amount of enjoyment out of circulating the latest bulletins, which have no existence except in their imagination. The war upon us is too serious for that sort of thing, and we trust that when a story is reported it will be one of fact, and not the product of some enthusiastic patriot who wants the things he says to be true, but who has not the courage to go to the front and help make them true. 50 YEARS' EXPERIENCE Patents I HAUL m?Hna Designs ... Copyrights Ac. Anvone sending a sketch and description may <ralckly ascertain our opinion free whether an Invention Is probably patentable. Communica tions strictly confidential. Handbook on Patenta sent free. Oldest agency for securing patents. Patents taken through Munn A Co. receive tpfcial notice, without charge. In the Scletitlfic American. A handsomely illustrated weekly. largest cir culation of any scientific Journal. Terms, ?3 a year ; four months, fL Sold by all newsdealers. MliNN & CO ^^roadway, New York Branch Office, G25 F St., Washington. D. U "REMEMBER THE MAINE!" When the vengeance wakes, when the battle breaks And the ships sweep out to sea, When the foe is neared, when the dc 2ks are cleared And the colors floating free, When the squadrons meet, when it's fleet to fleet And front to front with Spain, From ship to ship, from lip to lip, Pass on the quick refrain, "Remember, remember the Maine!" When the flag shall sign, "Advance in line; Train ships on an even keel," When the guns shall flash and the shot shall crash And bound on the ringing steel, When the rattling blasts from the armored masts Are hurling their deadliest rain, Let their voices loud, through the blinding cloud, Cry ever the fierce refrain, "Remember, remember the Maine!" God's sky and sea in that storm shall be Fate's chaos of smoke and flume, But across that hell every shot shall tell. Not a gun can miss its aim; Not a blow shall fail on the crumbling mail, And the waves that engulf the slain Shall sweep the decks of the blackened wrecks With the thundering, dread refrain, "Remember, remember the Maine!" ?Robert Burns Wilson in New York Herald. ANSWERING TO ROLL CALL. [Air, "Marching Through Georgia."] This one fought with Jackson and faced the flght with Lee, That one followed Sherman as he galloped to the sea, But they're marchin on together just as friendly as can be, And they'll answor to the roll call inthemorn in! They'll rally to the flght In the stormy day and night In bonds that no cruel fate shall sever, While the storm winds waft on high Their ringin battlecry, "Our country? our country forever!" The brave old ?ag above them is ripplin down its red. Each crimson stripe the emblem of the blood by heroes shed. It shall wave for them victorious or droop above them dead, For they'll answer to the roll call in the morn in! ?.df They'll rally to the flght In the stormy day and night In bonds that no cruel fate shall sever, While their far famed battlecry Shall go ringin to the sky, "Our country? our country forever!" ? F. L. Stanton in Chicago Times-Herald. A VETERAN'S LAMENT. Oh, for the boys of the old brigade Who fought in the ranks of Lee, Who charged the columns when Sherman made With his legions for the seal But the grasses of forest and field and glade Wave over the boys of the old brigade. Oh, for the boys of the old brigade Who fought by my side that day When we battled for victory, blado to blade, And the ranks at our rush gave way I But lone in the silence and shadow they're laid, And the grasses wave green o'er the old bri gade. Oh, for the boys of the old brigade 1 And the legions seem to come From a thousand graves, like breastworks made, And march to the rolling drum. Like shadows they march and like shadows they fade, The ghosts of the boys of the old brigade. And God rest the boys of the old brigade And hallow the turf that lies Flowering over each crimsoned blade And over their dreaming eyes! And the stars of God on tho heights arrayed Be sentinels over the old brigade! ?Atlanta Constitution. THE SUMMONSOFTHE DRUM Hark, I hear the tramp of thousands And of armed men the hum. Lo, a nation's hosts have gathered Round the quick, alarming drum, Saying, "Come, Freemen, come, Ere your heritage be wasted," said the quick, alarming drum. "But whett won the coming battle, What of profit springs therefrom? What if conquest, subjugation, Even greater ills become?" But the drum Answered: "Come! You must do the sum to prove it," said the Yankee answering drum. Thus they answered, hoping, fearing, Some in faith and doubting some, Till a trumpet voice proclaiming Said, "Sly chosen people, come!" , Then the drum, Lo, was dumb, For the great heart of the nation, throb bing, answered, "Lord, we come!" ?Bret Harte. Ibe Philippine Islands. During the last tew days atten tion has been directed toward ihe Philippine Islands, the objective point of the United States Asiatic squadron, which sailed from Hong Kong on April 27 to engage the Spanish fleet. The Philippine Islands are an archipelago south east of Asia. They extend almost due north and south from Formosa to Borneo, and they separate the South China Sea from the Pacific Ocean. The number of islands in the Philippines is variously estimat ed lrom 1 ,200 to 1 ,400, and it was not until the last few years that some of the larger islands were ex plored sufficiently to enable their area to be accurrately computed. According to Domann's map (1882) the area of the islands was 114.356 square miles. The two largest islands are Luzon (area, 40, 024) and Mindanao. Their aggregate area is 52,650 square miles. The inlands were discovered by Magellan in 152 1, and Manila, the the capital, was founded by Legaspi in 1 57 1, and since that time they have been und-r the dominion of Spain. Their conquest and reten tion was in marked contrast to the usual Spanish methods of dealing with conquered people, methods of which Cortez and Pizarro are the chief exponents. Legaspi with six Augustinians and a handful of soldiers accomplished the wonder ful work 01 conquest. Without greed for gold and without any ex hibition cruelty or persecution, these devoted men labored among the docile people until they won their confidence, so that the islands were seized with little bloodshed and no massacre or depopulation. The name "Islas Filipas" was given by Legaspi in 1567. Contests with frontier rebellious tribes, attacks by pirates, earthquakes and typhoons serve to break up the monotony of an otherwise uneventful history. Manila was captured by the Eng lish under Draper and Cornish in 1762. and ransomed for $5,000,000, but was restored in 1764. The pres ent insurrections in the islands were put down with an iron hand and many atrocities were commit ted, so that it is little wonder that many of the inhabitants look upon the arrival of oi the Americans as a deliverance. While none of the islands have very high mountains (the highest, Apo, in Mindanao, being over 9,000 feet), still all the islands may be de scribed in general as mountainous and hilly. Volcanic forces have had a large share in shaping the archipelago, but few of the peaks are now volcanic. In 1814 a ter rible eruption destroyed 12,000 oeople at Camalig. Budiao, Albay, Guinobatan and Daraga. In 1867 the same district was visited with another eruption. The Philippines are also notorious for terrible typhoons. In 4876 one of the storms burst over Luzon, pouring down the sides of the mountain Mayon, bringing destruction to a number of cities, completely ruining 6,000 houses. Typhoons on the coast are also common. The third great evil to which the islands are treated are the earthquakes, which visit them so frequently that they affect the style adopted in the erection of buildings. The most violent earth quake occurred in 1880, destroying an immense amount of property, including the cathedral. The Philippine Islands are pe culiar in having three seasons ? a cold, a boi and a wet. The first extends from November to Februa ry or March. The winds are north erly and woolen clothing and a fire are desirable, the sky is clear and the air bracing, and Europeans in this strange clime consider it the pleasantest time of the year. The hot season lasts from March to June and the heat becomes oppress ive and thunderstorms of terrific violence are frequent. During July, August, September and October, the rain comes down in torrents and large tracts of the lower coun try ar flooded. The population of the Philippines is 7,670,000, the] capital, Manila, having 154,062 in habitants. There is a small Span ish resident population and about 100,000 Chinese, in whose hands are the principal industries. The native inhabitants are mostly of the Malayan race. The government is administered by a governor general and a captain general, and the forty-three provinces are ruled by governors, alcades or commandants, according to their position or im portance. The estimated revenue of the islands in 1894 95 was $13, 500.000 and the expenditures $13, 200,000. There is an export duty on tobacco and nearly every article imported is taxed. The chief products are sugar, hemp, indigo and coffee, and there are large coal fields which are now being opened, so that it is expected that 5,000 tons of coal per month may be mined. The imports in 1896 were about $12,000,000 and the exports $20,500,000. There are 70 miles of railway on the islands and 720 miles of telegraph. Manila lies on the western side of the island of Luzon and is about 600 miles from Hong Kong. It has one of the most spacious and beautiful harbors in the world. The shores are low and inland can be seen and the outline of the moun tains. The city of Manila resem bles a dilapidated fortress sur rounded by stone walls 300 years old. There is a wide, shallow moat. The gates are never closed and it is doubtful if the city could make any defense. There is also an old fcrt. Several creeks branch off from the landlocked bay and afford a means of communication with the ? suburbs. These creeks are crossed by innumerable bridges, and ca noes thread their way through these narrow water- ways, which somewhat resemble a tropical Ven ice. Around the walls and the edge of the bay is a fashionable drive lined with almond trees. It is here that the well to do inhabit ants walk, drive and meet their friends. Of nearly 300,000 people in the province there are not more than 5,000 Spaniards. One of the most curious sights to the traveler who comes from China are the large two wheel drays drawn by so called water buffaloes. They are guided by a ring through their nose to which is attached a cord leading back to the driver, who either mounts on his back or rides on the shafts. The weight of the load is borne on the neck by means of a yoke. The beasts are docile and their chief delight seems to be to wallow in the mud and to sub merge themselves so that only the nose is out of the water. The water buffalo is particularly valu able to the inhabitants as a beast of burden, as it can drag a plow and can walk while knee deep in mud. The milk of the female is very gen erally used instead of cow's milk, but its meat is unfit for food. In the two best streets of Manila there are excellent stores in which goods of all kinds can be purchased at moderate prices, many of the merchants being Chinese. The churches must have been imposing buildings years before they were shaken and in some cases wrecked by earthquakes. The inhabitants are very faithiul to their church and the arch-bishop possesses al most unlimited influence with the inhabitants. It has often been said, it the priests were taken away, the natives would be ungovernable. The dwelling houses in Manila are constructed with a view of shutting out the intense heat of the sum mer. The houses are rarely more than two stories in height, owing to the ravages of earthquakes. Glass is of course unknown, as the earthquakes would shiver every pane. There is coal in abundance in the Philipoine Islands, as already stated, and the streets of Manila would undoubtedly be lighted with coal gas if it were not for the fact that gas pipes would be destroyed in the unstable soil. Of course, accidents are of frequent occurence with kerosene, but as the natives' houses are very inexpensive, their loss by fire is easily made good. Strange to say, life in the old city does not present many points of interest to the traveler, for the streets are narrow and the houses solid and gloomy. It is a marked contrast tc the business-like cities of South America. The Spaniards born in the Iberian Peninsula look down upon those born in the is lands, so that class distinctions are very closely drawn. This has re sulted in the failure to make polit ical combinations. Hatred and jealousy of the foreigner are carried to extreme limits, the Chinese coming in for a large share of their disfavor. The theaters Jare poor, concerts are rare and there is no library and their amusements are mostly limited to hearing the band play, attending balls on Sunday and cock fights. The cockpits are licensed by the government, and, though the betting is limited by law, the citizens will not hold to it. The revenues of the islands are furnished by direct taxes on every Indian, halt-breed and Chinese, and the exports and import duties have already been referred to. The dress of the natives is ex ceedingly picturesque and is never adopted by the Spanish. Cigar makers tn and around the city of Manila number 21,000 and they are all girls and women with the ex ception of 1,500 men. They pre sent a picturesque appearance with their native costumes and huge hats intended to protect them from the rays of the sun. They make their cigars squatting on their heels or sitting on bamboo stools two inches 1 h'gh. They frequently come from distances, going DacK atia lorttt in boats Tobacco has always been and probably will continue to be the most important product of the most important product ot the Philippines; and, according to the old laws, the Indians were com pelled to raise tobacco in certain regions which are not adapted to growing it, even to the exclusion of other crops, but in 1883 the laws were repealed and the result was the securing of finer tobacco and better cigars, for they are made at a higher rate. The wants ot the natives are few and are easily sup plied. They live along the banks ot the rivers in huts madt of bam boo and cane thatched with palm leaves. Some of the views in the suburbs of Manila are enchanting. A MAX WHO IS TIRED All the time, owing to impover ished blood, should take Hood's Sarsaparilla to purify ard enrich his blood and give him vitality and vigor, This condition of weakness and lack of energy is a natural conse quence of the coming of warmer weather, which finds the system debilitated and the blood impure. A good spring medicine is a ne cessity with almost everyone. Hood's Sarsaparilla is what the millions take in tbe sprin \ Its great power to purify and enrich the blood and build up health is one of the facts of common experience. None to Work With. "John," said a candidate to n col ored veteran, "can you conscien tiously vote for me this timet" "Ef you put it dat way, sub, 1 don't think I kin. I los' my con science in de las' election. "?Atlan ta Constitution. ^ ??? ? l'he True Sporting Instinct. "Don't, mum! Don't stop 'eml They'vo got a bet ont" ? Ally iSloDer. Don't Tobacco Spit and timoko Your Life Away. If you want to quit tobacco using easily and forever, be made well, strong, magnetic, lull of new life and vigor, tako No-To-Bae, tho wonder-worker that makes weak men strong. Many gain ten pounds in ten days. Over 400, OJO cored. Buy No -To-Bao from your own druggist, who will guarantee a cure. Booklet and sample mailed free. Ad. Sterling Remedy Co., Chicago or New York. It i8 a curious fact that the higher the civilization of a race the slower the action of the senses. At any rate, actual experiments bavo shown that, whereas the ear of a white man responds to a sound in ono hundred-and - forty- seven-one-thou eandtlis of a second, that of a nogro responds in one-hundred-and-thirty one-thousandths and that of a red Indian in one-hundred-and-sixteen one-thousandths. It All Seemed Clear. Softly ? Yes, I was b-b-orn with a t-8-s ilrer s-3-poon in my m-ra m -ootb. Kitty ? Oh, Mr. Koftly, ia that why I yon stutter?? Pane j. Tho hanging gardens of Babylon were terraces on columns. The gar dens were 400 feet square and over 400 feet hifjjh. The ascent from ter race to terraco was by flights of marble steps, aud on the highest was a large reservoir. The English Queen's guard con sists of 3 officers, 4 noncommission ed oliieors and about 45 men, with the regimental color. The guard presents arms to her majesty only and shoulders aims to any one of interior rank. The Spanieh armada, with which Philip of Spain attempted to con quer Britain, consisted of 130 ships, 3,165 cannon, 8,7fl6 sailors, 2,088 gal ley slaves, 21,855 soldiers, 1,355 vol unteers and 150 monks. It is said that a gallon of milk makes three pounds of thecondense*! article.