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Sistersville oil review. [volume] (Sistersville, W. Va.) 1896-1901, October 05, 1898, Image 2

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METHODISM
History of the Growth [of That
Great Church.
Tb?? mnniuon, X?? ?"? Th"M
Were Very Few ? Very Few
Ye*n|Ax?.
jjf There are between 4 ,000,000 and
coo, 000 of Methodists. One hun
dred and seventy years ago there
were none. The history of Meth
odism begins in 1729 at Oxtord um
, versity in England. John Wesley,
Charles Wesley and George White
field were students at that univer
sity and they met regularly to study
the scriptures. The name of Meth
odists was originally applied to
these young men as a term of de
rision. It was not so many years
until the name was proudly borne
by many followers, for John Wes
ley and George Whitefield were
splendid speakers and soon begun
to swell their numbers. Charles
Wesley being a talented musician,
furnished the songs lor the new or
ganization, the greater number of
which are still sung in the Method
ist church, especially by the older
members of the church.
As their numbers increased the
converts were organized mto so
cieties, all under the personal di
rection of John Wesley who was
aided by a few clergymen. These
societies formed a conference and
held annual sessions. On accouut,
of the scarity of ministers four or
five societies constituted a circuit
under the charge of two preachers
and here originated the old fash
ioned circuit rider, who will be re
membered by many people now liv
ing and not so very old. .
Methodism made its advent in ,
the United States almost simul
taneously with the Declaration of
Independence. It was in 177
that the Wesley Methodist move
ment reached here, although no
church was organized until 1784.
when a Methodist Episcopal church
was formed at Baltimore. The
Episcopal portion of the name came
from the church of England, whose
doctrines were embodied in the
discipline of the new organization.
The Methodist Episcopal church
divided their territory into annual
conferences, which embraces all the
itinerant ministers within their
bounds and is presided over oy a
bishop who is the highest officer of
the church. The annual confer
ence is divided into districts each in
charge of a presiding elder, who
holds a quarterly conference four
times a year. The general confer
ence is the highest court of the
church and meets quadriennially.
With the exception of the Roman
church, the Methodist church is
the largest religious organization
in existence, having 4.585.062
members. This number includes
all branches of Methodism.? Man
nington Advocate.
Tarn on the Light.
Three week ago we felt it in
cumbent upon us to protest against
the wanton waste of life which was
taking place as the result of the
criminal incompetency of the War
Department. Events that have
transpired in the interim have
merely served to strengthen our
conviction that a shameful wrong
has been done in the wholesale and
altogether unnecessary sacrifice of
the lives of hundreds, if not thou
sands, of our soldiers. The dis
graceful inefficiency of Siboney and
Santiago has now been repeated at
Montauk; and the men who lought
so bravely, even if unfed and un
tendcd at the front, aie now com
ing home, many of them to die ? to
die, not of disease, but as the at
tendant physician of poor young
Tiffany said, of "starvation," "due
to the lact that they did not have
food that was suitable to the con
dition of a convalescent."
One of the most heartless and in
excusable blunders of the depart
ment has been that of permitting
so-called convelescents to set out
alone for their far distant homes,
when the veriest tyro in nursing
might know that they should have
been the subjects of careful nour
ishment in a sick ward. That this
has been done and is being done
the pe? pie of the United States
have painful evidence before their
eyes in the emaciated and pallid
forms, that may too easily and too
often be seen dragging their way to
the terminal stations of this and
other great cities. Many a young
life ta*t Spanish bullets and Cu-i
ban fevers could not quench has
I ' * ja-i
succumbed to neglect, due to the
shameful mismanagement of cer
tain branches of the department
over which Secretary Alger pre
sides.
And the pity of it all is that the
people of the United States, who
are only too eager to assist the re
turning troops, are helpless in the
matter. Where anxious relatives
and friends are only able to find
the particular subjects of tneir
search after disease or neglect has
done its fatal work, the public
stands in helpless indignation, and
asks itselt how much longer such
ghastly comedies as that which re
cently prevailed at Montauk Point
are going to last.
One thing is certain ? there is a
growing feeling throughout the
country that the time is ripe for an
official investigation. A great
wrong has been done, the responsi
bility for which rests directly upon
the shoulders of Secretary Alger, or
upon one or more of the heads of
departments, that serve under him.
If at the first, instead of showing
such feverish haste to whitewash
his department, the secretary had
issued a bona fide investigation, he
would have perhaps escaped the
public resentment which is now un
mistakably aroused.
The time is certainly ripe for our
President to order an investigation
of the whole conduct of the war as
far as it came under Mr. Alger's
Administration. Nothing short of
this will satisfy the country or
serve to vindicate those officials in
the war department who have per
formed their duties with zeal and
efficiency. The scandal has now
grown too big to be overlooked,
and the country is naturally await
ing some action on the part of the
President; looking to a searching
and exhaustive inquiry. ? Scientific
American.
The Horror* or Onr War.
The country has had its war and
its victory and is now horrified at
the consequences of army incom
petency and mismanagement.
We have had our glory and are
finding out the terrible cost of it.
The other day the remnant of
the Seventy-first regiment, which
was spared by war and disease, came
home to recover or die. The men
who rode could not have walked
from the Battery to their armory
without disastrous consequences.
The regiment went to the war
1043 strong. It lost 14 killed in
battle, and 64 wounded and 351
were in line or in the cars.
The rest were dead or on fur
lough or in the hospital in Cuba
and at Camp Wykoff, and those
who returned were, most of them,
gaunt and yellow images of the
men they had been, some of them
so weak that they wept because ol
the kindness of their reception,
while others stared at the cheering
crowds with the wild, strange look
j of men to whom the things of this
earth are of little moment.
A terrible episode has occurred
in the history of the country ? an
episode so criminal that the glory
of war and victory has been dimmed
by the wrath caused by the wrongs
and sufferings of the soldiers who
have fought the war and achieved
the glory.
We are seeing the other side of
the war, and it is even more terrible
than it ought to be.
Thirty-three years ago we saw
the soldiers coming home after war
that had endured for four years.
Many of them had lived in camps
and fought over fields from which
the skeletons ot today are carried
to the hospital.
? We saw the veterans of that
great conflict march home. Their
ranks were thin. Some companies
brought back a file or two led by a
non commissioned officer. Some
men rode in carriages, but they were
wounded men, not men sick with
fevers. The men who marched
moved with the vigorous stride of
health.
In that day we did not see such
ghastly reminders of the war as
we are seeing now in camp and on
the return of the men who enlisted
for the war, unless we saw the vic
tims of southern prisons.
Then we saw men starved be
cause their captors had nothing
for them.
Xow we see men starve and fe
\ er stricken because their govern
ment has not the capacity to take
care of them, and even seems in
different to their suffering.
The suffering of our soldiers
must not be forgotten. If the peo
j pie of the country permit this scan
dal to find a grave before some one
is punished, they will thereby
make themselves accomplices in
the crime.
What has happened? An army
of 250,000 men has been raised. A
successful campaign has been
lought in Cciba with one corps. A
triumphal progress has been made
in Porto Rico by General Miles.
Manila has been captured by Ad
miral Dewey with the aid of troops
under General Merritt.
The losses upon the field of bat
tle were almost nothing.
The ravage of disease and the
hardship of the men by reason of
neglect, of lack of food so great
that men have died of starvation,
of want of proper clothing, of in
sufficient tentage, are hideous, and
the evil is still existing; in some
quarters it is even spreading.
Moreover, it is not confined to
the troops who fought in Cuba.
The men who were encamped in
Florida and Chickamauga are the
victims of starvation and of disease
breeding conditions that were en
tirely preventable.
If we should say that the Gov
ernment is returning to the people
an army rotting with disease, we
should not greatly exaggerate.
And this is absolutely true, that
nothing that we have gained is
worth the sacrifice which our men
have suffered for it, for nothing
which we have gained would have
been lost if we had waited to take
it until the array in all its branches
was prepared for the adventure.
Without proper clothing or pro
per food for the troops, tne troops
were rushed into Cuba, under a
commander incompetent to do what
might have been done to remedy
the evils, and after a free fight
against a weak enemy, Santiago
was taken, and disease and famine
entered upon their perfect work.
The signs now are that this war
will bred more scandle than glory.
? Harper's Weekly.
Dffwey'n Remarks.
From the letter of a Manila cor
respondent we extract the follow
ing quotation from an utterance by
Admiral Dewey, the hero who has
accomplished so much and said so
little:
Standing on the quarter-deck of
the Baltimore, yesterday, and gaz
ing at the American flag over Fort
Santiago within the walled city,
Admiral Dewey said:
"I hope it floats there forever, for
ever. It is strange that we have
wrested an empire from those peo
ple and that with the loss ot only a
tew men. Our navy did most re
markable work. If I were a relig
ious man and I hope I am, I should
say that it was the hand of God. I
remember, when we engaged the
fleet, seeing shells fired directly at
us, and I do not understand under
heaven why we escaped.
"Then we came up here in the
Olympia and sent them an ultima
tum. In three letters that were
written by Consul Williams I told
them if they fired another shot I
would destroy their city. I de
manded the surrender of some
small vessels that scurried into
Pasig, and which, I believe, were
torpedo boats and I asked the joint
use of the cable. We were close
in and alone, but they did not fire,
and we never did.
"I am proud of these men under
me and proud to be their leader.
They are all efficient. I gave up
the Olympia and sent her to Hong
Kong and came on the Baltimore.
Here I find everything as efficient
as on the Olympia. . I am sending
all of the squadron up to be cleaned
and have asked for a battleship and
armored cruiser. I do not intend
to go home unless it is absolutely
necessary, for there is much work
still to be done here. I do not want
to go until it is all over."
AN ATTACK OF APOPLEXY
Nearly Cause** Frank Harris to Die on
(he Public Street.
Frank Harris, a leaser for the
South Penn Oil company, was taken
suddenly ill Wednesday night on
Spring street near Thirteenth, in
the village of Parkersburg.
His illness was of the nature of
an apopleptic stroke and almost re
sulted in his death. He fell on the
sidewalk in front of Mrs. Collins'
residence and was carried in there,
and Drs. W. J. Davidson and H. D.
Price, who had been hastily sum
moned, worked hard to save his
life.
Several times his heart action and
breathing apparently ceased, but
were revived by injecting nitro
glycerine.
The attack came upon Harris
about 9 p. m. as he was walking to
his home on Spring street.
He was revived sufficiently to be
taken to his home several hours
after the attack.
He was much better yesterday
and will soon be all right again, it
is thought, though he is still con
fined to bed.
The running team ot the J. T.
Jones Hose company are making
arrangements for a swell dance to
be given in the city building on the
evening of October 14.
BISHOP FOWLER
Leader in Methodism, a Man
of Extensive Experience.
Sketeh of the Chnrch Dignitary Who
Will Preside Over This
Conference.
The activities of Bishop Fowler,
who will preside over this, the fifty:
second session of the West Virginia
conference, have covered a wider
and more varied range than those
ot any other man of Methodism of
today. From college halls Charles
H. Fowler went forth to become a
leader in the denomination of his
choice. Pastor, university presi
dent, editor, missionary secretary,
and bishop ? these have been the
stepping stones in his great career.
The story of his lite ought to be
of interest to every citizen, and par
ticularly to every Methodist ? for
which reasons we append this
sketch of his work- filled life:
Charles Henry Fowler was born
in the province of Ontario, Canada,
August ii, 1837, a mingling of
English, Scotch and Yankee blood
giving tone and temper to his char
acter. His mother was the daugh
ter of Henry Ryan, a stalwart pio
neer itinerant of New England,
who helped to plant Methodism in
Vermont and in Canada, and who
out of the funds secured by mort
gaging the farm, helped to build
?he first Methodist church erected
in Toronto.
The childhood and youth of
Bishop Fowler were spent on a
farm in Illinois, where he developed
pluck and muscle and the skill
which enabled him to use both to
advantage, as was shown during
his school days at Evanston, when
as a gallant swimmer he helped to
rescue passengers from a wrecked
steamer, the L,ady Elgin. His
school training was received at
Rock River seminary, Genessee
Wesleyan College, now Syracuse
University, and Garrett Biblical
Institute. His homage, self denial
and fortitude were all shown dur
ing these years whicn he spent at
school, as he had to depend chiefly
on his own resources for his in
come. He made his pen pay many
of his bills, and worked his way
through his course taking the high
est rank as a student, his oratorical
powers, his mathematical ability
and his accomplishments as a
Greek student being especially
marked.
Before he undertook the course
at Garrett he commenced the study
of law in Chicago, but his convic
tions were too deep and clamorous
to permit him to follow his ambi
tions in that direction, and he was
graduated in due time ? in the class
of 1871 ? from the Biblical Insti
tute.
He spent eleven years in the
pastorate in Chicago, stepping to
the very front- as a preacher from
his entrance on his work. His la
bors were blessed with a great re
vival in one of his charges ? one
of the greatest the city ever wit
nessed, and the congregations that
attended his ministry were as large
usually as his auditorium would
hold.
Dr. Fowler, after the Chicago
fire, in 1871, was sent by his breth
ren to the east to secure help for
the prostrate city. He made a pro
found impression by his sermons
and appeals, and brought back from
Philadelphia alone the sum of $40,
000 contributed by generous men
and women in response to his rep
resentations.
In 1872 he was a delegate to the
General Conference in Brooklyn in
which body he had a large follow
ing of friends who believed that he
ought to be elected to the Episco
pacy; these plans for the time were
not consummated, but from that date
he became a foremost figure in
American Methodism.
From 1872 to 1876 he served as
president of Northwestern Univer
sity; into the duties of this post he
threw himself with great energy.
This work had been offered to him
in 1866, but at that time he relused
it, with the conviction that he was
not sufficiently mature for its re
sponsibilities. During his admin
istration of the University the
number of students increased and
the work of the institution broad
ened.
From 1876 to 1880 he served as
editor of the Christian Advocate, in
New York. In this field he made
no errors in the direction of undue
conservatism, and he ministered
to the largest number of readers
that paper ever had.
In 1880 he was elected one of
the corresponding secretaries of the
Missionary society, and in this
office he served the church with
great ability. His senior colleague
was R. John M. Reid, whose duties
were largely in the office' of an ad
ministrator, while Dr. Fowlers
time was divided between the office
and the field, which covered the
whole country. His addresses, his
appeals, and his sermons were ex
traordinary in their influence. The
contributions to the missionary
cause advanced during the quad
rinneum from $559>372 }^e
ending Oct. 31, 1880, to $735?225
for the year closing with the same
day in 1884.
In 1884 he was chosen one 01 the
general superintendents of the
Methodist Episcopal church; in his
aGministration of world-wide Meth
odism he has traveled through every
part of this country; he spent
several months to great advantage
in South America in 1S85 ^.plant
ing new missions and invigoratiug
our work by his personal contact
with it, and after his return awak
ening fresh interest in our work in
that part of the world. In July,
1S88, he started on a tour ot our
missions in the Orient, \isiting
Japan, Korea and China, and spend
ing several months in exploring
the resources and inspecting the
condition of our plant in those
countries. He then visited India,
and traveled awhile with Bishop
Thoburn, attending some ot his
conierences and making himseli
acquainted with some of the diih
cult problems connected with the
field in that region. The summer j
of 1&89 was given to our confer
ences In Europe, Bulgaria^ Italy,
Germany, Switzerland, Norway,
Sweden and Denmark. In January,
1892, he made an episcopal visita
tion of Mexico, thus completing his
studies and supervision of our mis
sions in every part of the world
where they have heen planted. His
opportunities in this regard have
been almost unexampled.
Bishop Fowler, as an orator, is
known all over the English-speak
ing world. He has an intellect 0
vigor, and of subtle powers, care
fully trained. In the pulpit or on
the platform he is, at his best, a
man of extraordinary abilities.
Those who have heard him preach
on some great occasion, or who
have listened to one of his lectures,
"Great Deeds of Great Men,"
"Abraham Lincoln," or "General
Grant," do not need be told this.
He has the courage of his convic
tions, and as an administrator in
the conference chair, or as a pre
siding officer in the General Con
ference, he is a master. #
The most special recognition
which Bishop Fowler has gained
has come trom his Episcopal col
leagues, by whom he was appoint
ed one of our fraternal representa
tives to the next British Wesleyan
Conference. ? Mannington Advo
cate.
UNCONSTITUTIONAL.
The Snpreme Court Pau?8 1'pon llie
EflTort of the Republicans to Redis
trlct the State.
Charles Town, Sept. 28. ? In the
matter of the petition of the board
of ballot commissioners of Jeffer
son county for a writ of error from
the decision of Judge Faulkner, of
the circuit court, rendered on Sep
tember 19th, granting a perempto
ry mandamus against them, requir
ing them to put the name of Frank
H. Harmison, of Morgan county, a
democratic candidate for the
House of Delegates, on the official
ballot, and deciding that the act of
the republican legislature of 1897,
changing the 7th delegate district
to consist of Berkley andj Jefferson
counties, instead of Berkeley, Jef
ferson and Morgan, is unconstitu
tional and void, the Supreme Court
refused the writ of error and sus
tained Judge Faulkner.
The opinion was handed down
by Judge Brannon, president of the
court, and concurred in by the
whole court. The syllabus con
tiins two points, viz: that the court
has the power to declare an act re
districting, in whole 01 in part, of
the State, unconstitutional and
void.
Second, That the act of 1897,
changing said delegate district is
unconstitutional and void, being in
contravention to the constitution,
which provides that redisricting
and apportionment of delegates
shall take place on'y after each suc
ceeding United States census, or
once in ten years; that this provi
sion is mandatory and merely not
directory, and that the legislature
must obey it.
The State having been arranged
into districts by the Legislature ot
1891, this must stand until after an
other census and the Legislature of
1897 had no power to change this
arrangement.
Gives a specialized Bread-winning Education,
FOR CIRCULARS ADDRESS,
P. DUFF & SONS. 244 Filth Aveimc,
PITTSBURG . PA
AN OFFICIAL REPORT.
Horses Must Be Killed ? Glan
ders Breaks Out in
A. C. RUBY'S STABLE.
Dr. O. C. Bradley, of HfannluK-ton,
and - W. H. Kerr, of 3istersvtlle,
Jlnke Report.
About ten days ago Dr. O. C.
Bradley, V. D. and V. S. , of this
city, was called to New Martins
ville, to consult with Dr. W. H.
Kerr, of Sistersville, who had been
called to the barn of A. C. Ruby to
diagnose a rare, but which turned
out to be an old and fatal disease
among horses.
Mr. Ruby has had trouble with
sick hdrses for about nine months
past and in that time had eighteen
head to die. The veterinary at
tending pronounced the disease
different in most all cases and final
I . 0
ly Ruby became suspicious. He
called Dr. Kerr, who would not at
the time say what was wrong.
Kerr called Dr. Bradley. They ex
amined eleven out of twelve head
which were sick and kept away
from the bam. The discovery was
made.
They asked Mr. Ruby if they
might kill the affected animal for a
definite examination and consent
was given. They proceeded at
once and found that the gland of
the nostrils was ulcerated, it being
the worst form of glanders. These
facts were made known to Mr.
Ruby at once. Not wanting to
take all of the responsibility on
themselves. Dr. Bradley forwarded
a specimen of the diseased member
to the department ol animal in
dustry, a branch of the Agricul
tural department for analysis. The
following letter was received from
there by Dr. Bradley this morning;
it is self explained:
Bureau of Animal Industry, )
Washington, D. C., Sept. 22. )
Dr. O. C. Bradley, Mannington,
W. Va.:
Dear Sir ? Replying to your letter
of the 15th inst. I have had the
septeum of the nose from the nose
of the horse examined at the labor
atorj , and have also considered the
statements in your letter. There
appears to be no reason for doubt
that the disease is glanders and
that the proper measures for eradi
ating this disease should be in
stituted.
Very Respt'y,
D. E. Salmon,
Cnief of Bureau.
The case of glanders thus found
and reported to the department at
Washington is now being investi
gated by the state department of
agriculture, they having visited
the infected stable last Monday.
Mr. Ruby is of the opinion that the
disease was spread from a horse
he brought from Chicago. Ruby
has over a hundred head of horses,
runs a livery stable and does all
kinds of hauling into the interior
oil fields, thus mingling his horses
with hundreds of others. A large
number ot horses are fed at MS
barn daily, thus giving the disease
all kinds of chances to spread.
Glanders is the oldest contagious
disease known to the horse and is
dangerous to man as well as beast.
Cattle, however, are immune. Cats,
dogs and mules are also the victims
and will spread the disease. The
characteristic symptom of the dis
ease is a very dirty gray discharge
from the nose. All cases of this
kind in the neighborhood should
be reported to Dr. Bradley or other
scientific veterinary.
Owners of teams having seen any
horses with the disease should re
port it lor their own protection, as
such horses as are used in this
field are valuable and can't be found
every day. ? Mannington News.
Death of D. G. Ankrom.
David G. Ankrom a, well known
and prominent merchant of Toll
Gate, died last Friday at his home
at 2 0. m. His remains were inter
red at Wick, Tyler county, on Sun
day, alter impressive services had
been conducted under the auspices
of the Masons and Odd Fellows, of
which secret orders Mr. Ankrom
was a member.
The deceased was thirty-six
years of age and is survived by a
wife and a son, Emerson, aged 12
years. The cause of his death was
diabetas. Mr. Ankrom was well
acquainted throughout the county,
and his death was learned with re
gret by his friends, though his con
dition for months has been such as
to warrant fears of a collapse. ?
Pennsboro News.
- * ? -r- M ./

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