Newspaper Page Text
bird, the bird
buck an answer to imitate his “gob a noise like a with his dom. sti the other American back woods, iigura owned the land, turkey, stood on Ejnu iiKu.xin: uuuks. ” eq’ml footing, the one the the air and the other the me hirds. Roth were hunt IndiaT\ the eagle to furnish * his war bonnet, r.nd the course, for food, the .-agio seldom Is hunted ooro seldom ever killed or irtHW the turkey Is found s of thousands of farm the North American wild i beau'..ful and resplendent , with feathers of black, h a rich bronze and illumi a lustrous finish of coppery domesticated cousin, “while JAttfoved nothing fn appearance, has bred up to outweigh any other .-.-■pstie fowl, thirty or thirty-five |H^Hds l»eing not uncommon among . turkey flecks. «nj^Kcording to the Department of BBfculture the growing o' turkeys ^WwiKprov oVT within the last few yearp as a result of a determined effort on the part of producers of what is termed “standard bred or exhibition” stock to demonstrate that it is more profitable to use p re bred breeding I stock than the smaller and less vigor ous stock', of days gone by. Their efforts to introduce throughout the country the several standard varie ties of tnrkeys have greatly Improved our turkey growing industry. This effort has supplied rich, new, vigorous blood throughout the whole country, adding strength and TiriUty to in numerable flocks, many of which had become considerably deteriorated through inbreeding. Deterioration Through Inbreeding. The fact that one fecundation Is clent to lender fertile all the egg° I e laying has made possible the the health and vigor domestic turkey, of this, hundreds of upon their neighbors’ services of a male and to the matter of to keep one or Tills has reduced | throughout the condition of fm vigor in a large stock through- I THE NATIONAL BIR GUY EMJOTT MITCHELL lug, people have become so dlsheart ened In some localities with the mea ger results of their efforts to grov turkeys for market that they have de slsted from the attempt Mr. TjKcMcGrew. of New York, e woll-kndX* Judge of poultry and a writer on nroods nnd breeding, hai written a turkey bulletin for the De pajrtment of Agriculture which b known ns Farmers* Bulletin No. 200 and in tills lie says tlint there is n< other kind of livestock that will rcturr so large a profit to the successful pro ducer ns will poultry, nnd no kind ol poultry Is more profitable than turkey? when properly handled.' The fact that turkeys will, from the time they are six weeks old until winter sets in, gain tlie greater part of their entire living from hugs, g-asshoppers ami waste grain tlint they pick up In their wanderings over the range, assures their existence through tills period at little or no cost to tlie grower. In other words, they may be termed self sustaining foragers, where they have sufficient range. The Bronze Turkey* This turkey holds the post of honor, It is possibly a cross between the wild turkey and the tame turkey, which lat ter is generally believed to have de scended from either the North Ameri ecu wild turkey, the Mexican wild turkey or the Honduras or Ocellated turkey. Its beautiful rich plumage and its size have come from its wild progenitor. To maintain these desir able qualities, crosses are continually necessary. In this way the mammoth size has been gained, the standard weight ranging from sixteen to thirty six pounds, according to age and sex. The coloring of this variety is a ground of black blazoned .or shaded " bronze. This shading is rich and glowing, and when the sun’s rays are reflected from these colors, they shine like polished steel. The female is not as rich in color as the male, but both have the same color and shadings. Much of this richness of color is lost OROUP OF W] through Inbreeding, ns It Is improved by each cross with the wild specimens. Of nil our domestic fowls none suffer from inbreeding so much as turkeys. This should Ik* guarded against at all times, if it is hoped to gain the best results. Naturally tlie Bro^e turkey should be the largest in size, the most vigor ous in constitution, and the most prof A FORTY POUND BRONZE OOBBLER out the country has Jeopardized to a itable to grow This would be the sta certain extent the production of a tns of the variety at present were It sufficient number of market turkeys to not that too little attention has been supply the demand. Tn fact, not fully given to the selection of the females realizing that their failure was large for breeding stock. It should be fullv Iv due to undermining the vitality of understood that size and constitutional their breeding stock through Inbreed- vigor come largely through the female, -jl • and, to Imre this influence to the ■ fullest extent, well-proportioned, vij?or ' ous females In their second or third • year should be selected as breeders. THE NORTH AMER] Do not select the very large specimens for this purpose: those of a medium size are usually the best. Discard the undersized females at all times, as they are of but little value as pro ducers. Length of shank ami thigh, If out of proportion, should not be mis* IITE turkeys. I taken for size; full-rounded body and breast Indicate value most clearly; size and strength of lnme indicate constit^ tlonal vigor which should be maintain ed through the selection of the very best at nil times for producing stock. \\ ben special care is given to the se lection of the breeding stock, and the grower b'irs tn mind those profitable characteristics—compactness of form length of breast and body, and con stitutional vigor—the most satisfactory results may come from the growing of this variety. But no matter how innc-h care may he given these condi tions, only partial success will come if inbreeding is permitted. The use of oversized males with small females is of less advantage than the use of smaller males with well-matured medium-sized females. The Narragansett Turkey. This turkey Is a noble looking, full chested #blrd but is not so large ns the Bronze. His color Is a black back ground with a steel-gray edge to the feather which Imparts a metallic hlnck-nnd-hronze lust«*r. The cocks, or toms, weigh from 20 to 20 pounds, and some old ones have gone 40 pounds. The Nnrrngansett Is a desirable breed and some growers declare that they will reach market size and condition iu less time than the Bronze turkeys. The Ruff Turkey. As bred for mnrket these turkeys nre n reddish buff or light chestnut color mixed with white nnd some dnrk shndings. They nre highly valued In some localities for their quick growth nnd for their attnctiveness when dressed, although they do not run as the Naragansett or the Bronze. The White Turkey Tn America the white variety Is called the White TTolland turkey. In Knglnnd they nre known ns "Austrian Whites.” where they nre considered sports from odher turkeys. They -nnge from 10 pounds for young liens to 20 ! pounds for old cocks, although they I have run ns high ns 3." pounds at fairs. Mr. McCJrew stntes that white turkeys are quite ns easy to grow ns any other variety, nnd he stntes thnt one cannot select a lietter kind for nil uses than the’Whlte Holland. They grow to the most profitable sizes, dress beautifully for market, their light, plnklsh-whlte shanks add to their appearance; and with them, as with all white poultry, the pin feathers show less than in darker varltles. The very largest tur keys are not as profitable either to grow or to sell. The medium sizes— from 0 to 18 pounds dressed—are the most desirable for family use. Other turkeys are the Black turkey, similar to, If not much the same, lllSf||l|K Norfolk turkey, the Slate the red Bourbon turkey, ■■s is similar to the Buff turkey . In ■Pntlon to the North American wild j^urkey, the Mexican wild turkey still affords splendid sport, as does also the Honduras turkey, which is found in various parts of Central America, both birds being resplendent and of savory flesh. The turkey bulletin of the Depart ment of Agriculture above mentioned is a brief booklet which will certainly l»e n*ud with interest by anyone grow ing or caring for turkey a It describes | the different verities, and devotes fif teen or twenty pages to the selection and care of breeding stock, turkey houses, and ranges. Incubation, batch ing, growing and feeding the birds, imarketing and also the ailments to . 1 ——— CAN WILD TURKEY, which turkeys are subject I>rop a postal to your member of Congress or Senator, and he will send you one. Food Value of Eggs. Popular belief to the contrary, there is no difference In the nutritive quali ties of eggs with dark shells and those with light. Their flavor Is affected by the food of the fowl for good or for evil. Exhaustive experiments by well equipped investigators prove that the egg deserves its reputation as an easily assimilated and highly nutri tious food, if eaten raw or lightly cooked. Such experiments also show that eggs at twelve cents a dozen are a cheap source of nutrients; at six teen cents, somewhat expensive, and at twenty-five cents and over, highly extravagant. The basis of comparison was the market prices of standard flesh foods considered in relation to their nutri tive elements.* But there is a physia logical constituent of eggs which Is of great value, yet it defies the search of the scientist or the inquisition of the statistician, and that is their paya bility. Unless a food, however rich in proteins, is relished, it loses much of its value, while, per contra, a less chemically desirable food that is en joyed becomes valuable by reason of that fact. FAIR STUDENTS IN REVOLT. Object to the Measuring Methods of Their Gymnasium Instructor. The girls of the freshman and sopho more classes of the University of Cin cinnati have been going about with traces of tears on their cheeks, nnd asking enoh other, "Have vou been scheduled ?’’ At first the girls did not know what scheduling’’ meant when they re ceived confidential notes from Miss Edna Earl Hope, teacher of the girls’ gymnasium work at the 'varsity. 1 heir presence alone in her private room was requested at such and such a time. The "alone” looked mysteri ous and the girls held a consultation. Then the bravest faced Miss Hope When she went In to Miss Hope her face was eager, but when she came out it was scarlet. "And what do you think?” she whis pered: "You—huve to—take off all your clothes." "And after she gets your clothes off, what then?" chorused the girls. Then the first girl told, with tears nnd gasps, how the new gym teacher placed an adjustable rig about the hips nnd measured them—the hips—yes! And she measured the arms nnd the 'er—*er—legs. The bust expansion and the length of the fingers, and how big the chest Is when the girl takes a long breath, nnd how little it gets when the girl expels her breath. Then she subtracts the difference, divides it by two, nnd multiplies the result by three, nnd says; "There's where you ought to be, nnd maybe you’ll be that by the end of the year, when the second physical exami nation comes.” The girls held an indignation meet ing the latter part of the week, and a committee was secretly appointed to wait on President Dabney. “But," said the girls ou the commit tee, "we wonld rather take one of those scheduled things than to tell a mail nbout It.” Because of the excitement of those girls who were "scheduled” Miss Hope has now provided a garment In mak ing the "test”. Lacking In Education. Little Freddie, having loat a nickel was crying bitterly. An old gentleman who had stopped to Investigate said: "My boy you shouldn't cry that way.” "But," said the Mttle fellow, "T d don’t know how to c-cry any ©-other way." ”8ay not goodbye, bat In some brighter clime, bid me good morning.” It Costs Ten Cents lt*s Worth Ten Dollars t FOR A YEARS’ SUBSCRIPTION TO Maxwell’s Homemaker Magazine Because, for one reason, it is worth more than ten dollars for one year for the music page alone in every family where there are young children wh° are being taught music—or if they are not then they ought to be. Music in the Family is the surest way to interest the children and entertain the boys and girls where they will be under the uplifting influence of the Home Environment. The Music Department in Maxwell’s Homemaker Magazine isy conducted by a successful teacher of music of more than ten years’ experience, who has a re ; markable insight into the musical needs of child life and an unusual ly clear and concise way of explaining all things pertaining to the laying of a solid foundation for musical development. Keyboard Drill, Staff Drill, Note Drill and Ear Training have ' already been worked out. Scale Building begins in the December Number. Be sure and get it if you are interested in Teaching the Children Music. Other Departments in Maxwell’s Homemaker Magazine are Home Study, Home Cheer, Home Entertainment, Home Gardening, Health in the Home, besides a Story and Interesting Miscellany of special in terest to the Homemaker, And Everyone is or ought to be a Homemaker. Bear in mind that Maxwell’s Homemaker Magazine will be sent to you for One Whole Year for Ten Cents. Send a Dime or five two-cent stamps to Maxwell’s Homemaker Magazine, 1409 Fisher Building, Chicago, 111. He Was Incorruplahlc. ' In the opening days of the American Revolution, when France had recog nized the independence of the United States, and we had shown ourselves determined upon stubborn resistance, the English Parliament were driven to a final “conciliatory’ bill” for the re covery of their colonial possessions. Most everything was conceded by this act, but nowhere was allusion made to absolute independence. ’ Lord Car lisle, William Edsen and Gov. John stone, in the capacity of special com missioners, brough tue bill to America and lost little time submitting the plan of conciliation to Congress, together with on insolent letter. That body hardly gave it consideration, but forth with rejected the plan proposed by the ministry. Foiled in every attempt, but not dis mayed, the commissioners now re sorted to measures distinguished in infamy and baseness. They opened secret correspondence with members of Congress, and, through a female agent, Mr. Reed, a delegate from Pennsylvania, was offered $.">0,000 and the best office in the colonies that his majesty could bestow if he would use his influence in favor of the concilia tory bill. Mr Reed’s reply, as well as memory, should be enshrined in the hearts of every loyal Pennsylvanian. It was simply this: “I am not worth purchasing, but such ns I am. the King of England is not rich enough to do it.” Kirk’s AMERICAN CROWN *s a green soap, consistency of paste, a perfect cleanser for automobile machinery and al^ vehicles; will not injure the most highly polished surface. Made from pure vegetable oils. If your dealer docs not carry American Crown Soap in stock, send us his name and address am. Ve will see that your wants are supplied. Put up in 12J* 25 and 50 lb palls. James S. Kirk& Company CHICAGO. III. Foster’s Ideal Cribs Accident Proof. * The Alexandrian Library. Raid Omar, “Either those books are in comformity with the Koran, or they arp not. If they are. they are useless, and if not, they are evil; in either event, let them be destroyed.” Such was the logic that led to the destruction of seven hundred thousand manuscript volumes in Alexandria. Pliny tells us that Homer's Iliad, with its l.r».(KK> verses was written in a space as small as a walnut shell. In more remote times an account Is given of an ivory chariot constructed by Mermicides, so small that a fly could cover it with one of Its wings, and of a ship that could be concealed by the wing of a bee. -— IF YOU WANT A JACK Send for our Jack Cutalo^ue. Sure to coo tain the description of exactly what you wx_. c Hydraulic Jacks our Specialty Watson-Stillman Co., 40 Bey St., N. Y. City. BOOKS—BOOKS We have published some good ones spec* ially suited for farmers. Books that will help every farmer to make more out of his farm Write for our catalogue. WEBB PUBLISHING CO., St. Paul Minn. International Harvester Co. GASOLINE ENGINES Whenequippcfl with an I. II.C.^gasoline engine, the farm, the dairy, the mill, the threshing machine, or the husker and shredder can be operated more economically than with anv other power. Farmers who have water to pump wood to saw, feed to grind or corn to shell, can do this work at a minimum cost with 1. H. C, engines. I. H. C. HORIZONTAL ENGINE} P JArtw^V,faSO''?e*®n^neSiiro mado in the following sizes : 9, j and c H 8tat,ona7; Vs!°v« and *5 H. P., horizontal tyi*. Mat. •®®**y* *od 6, 8, io, la ana 15 H, P., horizontal typo, portable. . write for gasoline engine booklet. International Harvester Co. of America Unconnrtt«d> 7 Monroe Street_ Chicago, 11L, U. 3. A.