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THE SMALL GARDEN. Wow to Make a Back Yard Supply the Table Vegetable*. I Ha veyotm small garden? If not.-why? There is no reason why anyone with the slightest taste for the pursuit should not be successful in raising a garden with very small expense or effort. 1. nfortunately in most works on horticulture, and In all short art icles on the subject jt Is taken tor granted that the reader has some pre vious knowledge of the business, or at any rate has his garden already pre pared by an expert. This will not be ths case with many who intend to move into suburban homes this spring. »• it is for their benefit the following hints are given. Kven the circum scribed area available at the back of a twenty-live foot frontage, will. If prop erly handled, furnish enough green delicacies to materially reduce the grocery bills during the summer, and add murh to the health and comfort of the family, for a twenty-five foot lot of ordinary depth should permit the rear lif’y feet to be used for gardening purpose*. In aaanp Instances careless contract ors seaUec the subsoil removed when excavates basements all over the lot. Whe® this has been the case tho work of preparing the garden ground Is in creased as this unfertile soil must be removed, until not more than three inches are left on the plot It Is pro posed to cultivate. When this Is well leveled the ground can bo treated ths s ime way as If still covered with soil, the trenching being carried slightly deeper. The ground having been made reasonably level the best course to pursue Is to stretch a garden line three feet from the fence lengthwise of the plot, and parallel with it stretch an other. leaving a spare of two feet be tween them. Cut along both lines with a sharp spade, and a turf path clear to ths alley Is the result. Prob ably ths sod on this will not at first lookvery tempting, but constant travel over it. If not too frequent, will im prove it so that In time It will afford a smooth grreen walk. Now dig a trench a foot wide and a foot deep across tho end of the three foot space list ween tho fence and the p-ilh. plac ing the soil removed, lonwV re con venient for future use. Into his trench throw the sod removed from tucsecond foot, taking care to invert it when do ing so, and then add a thick layer of coarse manure, tramping it well down. On top of this throw a deep spadeful of the underlying soil, and repeat, the ffTjiL iil ni nf .ril JL . _ .. fU Market Ci«rd«nrr Cutting Asparjgu* Tips. process until the bed is all dug over. A* boom as the su4hce is dry rake in thoroughly a dressing of fine manure, mixed with a liberal amount of lime, and a little coarse salt. Then smooth and level the ground, giving a elope of about a foot from the fence to the edge of the path. Follow the same course on the other side of the lot, and at the rear end. j This mode of procedure furnishes two beds fifty feet long and one of fifteen which are available for climbing plants, with a permanent walk around the garden giving across to the- alley on both aides. The spare between the paths if treated in the same fashion, will be sufficient to provide five beds! # eight by fifteen feet leaving be eCn.__ IDCAk OHUWrn Of- TOMATOCS-A FfW I A fween them a shallow trenrh a foot wide to serve as a weeding path, and •a a drain for carrying off the surfa/f water. an outlet beinsc provided for tlii* alongside either or Iwith the Ion gitudinal walk** ns »drriim*t«neos rnnv require. These beds should he nfatly rounded up with soil taken from the Intervening spares and an noon a* dry, thoroughly raked and smoothed They will then furat«*i aa admirable need lad that ahw«M he alnww* free few —da. «he M4«rNll off whtah •dr wdhM ip met hartnf ^•n «PN«i t* larrarturlifa Tl PLANTS AI SO AT FORD A PICK! t SUPPIY. devoted to Japanese climbing eucum t' rp They do well in thin climate 'hi<1 their fruit In more symmetrical and ' “a,‘pr than that of the creeping variety, wh bh take tip too much room ,f> lx* available in a small warden. An to the five centre beda they should of course he mainly devoted to vegetable* that are at their host when | fresh frathered. !’.*» belon* to thin '•a e^ory, and beside* yielding well, are almost a sure crop for an amateur 1? T,1° feet wide beds Mould ba marked out In straight tbs first one a foot from the GUY ElllOTT MITCHELL. A garden so constructed •will stand great extremes of wet and drouth, for It is a mistake to suppose that plants on well laid up beds suffer In dry weather, on the contrary they will continue to thrive when those on the level are withering, so no one need he afraid of making high bods, though eighteen inches from the crown to the foot of the ditch is sufficient elevation unless the location Is very low. Some people might think that to devote bo much apace to paths with such a small area available la a useless waste. This Is not the case, for the frequent paths enable the gardener to till and gather his crops without the necessity of treading on the cultivated ground, an advantage that far offsets the loss of space. Tho same plan may be followed on property a lot and a half wide, though. If two full lots are available, an additional grass walk down the centre will be useful, and add much to the appearance of the garden, which, if all lines are kept perfectly ditch, the next two feet from It, and the same on the other side. The two middle rows of the first bed should be planted with a second early pea, such as Heroine or Dwarf Telephone and the outside two with an extra early, such as Motts Excelsior, as this ar rangement enables the peas first ready to bo picked without disturbing the others. Tho same course should be pursued In the second bed, a second early filling tho outside row's, while one of tho giant late varieties such as Stratagem or Duke of Albany oc cupies the other two. Nothing Is more vexatious to a gardener than to raise a patchy crop. To avoid this the drills should always be made four inches wide. For peas they should be three or four inches deep according to the heavy or light nature of the soil. The seeds may be planted some what thickly, say a dozen to each four inches of row of the width recommend ed. When six inches high, the soil should be drawn well against the outer stems in order to induce the plaaU to r A SMALL GARDEN WITH CAREFUL CULTIVATION WILL PRODUCE ADl'r JANT CROPS OF ICESII VEGETABLES. straight, will in any case ho attractive, even when tho beds are bare. It is obvious that to ensure sym metry, and fur uiauy other reasons, a plow is entirely out of place in gardens of this size. In order to achieve success the work must posi tively be done by hand and conscient iously done at that. The expense is really very small, and need only be incurred once, for a garden so con stucted will need very little work to prepare it tho second season. As to the use to be made of the beds when proporly prepared, much depends on the taste of the gardener, I but a very good way to utilize the fences on either side is to sow along them scarlet runners mixed with other beans. The runners with their gor geous flowers which bloom from June till October are very ornamental. They are also prolific croppers, and despite an absurd prejudice against them, the young pods, when cooked green, are delicious, while tho shelled beans are superior to limas. Scarlet runners may bo planted as soon as the ground is warm, even as early as mid April, for the bean Itself remains in the ground sending only Its shoot to the surface. They should he sown two at a time; about four inches deep, and a foot apart, bo that when all danger of frost is over, more delicate beans may he planted between them. The best for this purpose are Cranberry, Kentucky Wonder and Golden Clus ter, as their flowers and pods form a charming contrast with those of the runner. In order not to interfere with the early care of the climbers it would be well fr> leave the space between them and the grass walks va cant until tomatoes, cabbages and pep pers are ready lo plant out by which time, if the goll has been kept well pulverised, the beam* will he able to care for themselves. The little bed at the foot of the garden might b*1 lian towards the centro of the bod. The third bed may well he used foi crops suitable for salad. The twe centro rows being devoted to a late and early lettuce, the outside ones tc white Marietta onions, which are s sure crop and the best variety foi bunching or pickling. They will dc best in the outside rows, as then thej can more easily be weeded and thinned out, and may be sowrn quite thickly ac Inch deep in drills four inches wide To mark the rows radish seed should be sprinkled very lightly in them. The centre rows of the next bed should be sown with, early beaus tc MAILNER KRLN " Horseradish from Bohemia. An Improved and f « client Variety for Garden tse. luppljr pods. ^ ulontiD('n for a green variety and Wardwell'a Wax for a yellow one are probably tho best. The outside rows should tie reserved for beets, as they require thinning and weeding. The centre rows of the fifth bed should also he put in beans, late varieties being chosen that are suitable for shelling, just as they reach their full size. Yellow Swedish and Red Flageolets are far the best for this purpose. One outside row should he sown to Chard, a delicious and pro lific vegetable much neglected in this country, while the others will sup ply plenty of radishes if they arc sown broadcast. On a double lot a bed or two should he reserved for early jkv tatoes, as nothing is better than the young tubers when fresh dug, but they tmpin to deteriorate very rapidly is soon as exposed to the air. fur nothing equal in flavor to home grown product can tie obtained from a market man. With regard to culture, no matter how strong the temptation may tie, no nne should ever attempt to do any thing In a garden when tho foliage Is wet with dew or rain, or until the soil Is sufficiently dry to crumble between fhe finger* without adhering to them, md if it can he avoided no foot should »ver press the cultivated ground. The most efficacious tool In any garden is i sharp and narrow rake, which should •e constantly run between the rows whenever the ground Is dry. Kxcept n very wet seasons this Implement when frequently used will suffice to teep down all weeds tietween the rows, which It also keeps the soil sufficlent y pulverized to act as a watering pot is well. A a eipert gardener seldom leeds to use a hoe, eicept when pre paring his beds for a second crop, or when a spell at rmlay weathsr has rendered the um of a rake unadvls able for quite a long period. There are several varieties of hand planters , on the market, the best of which save ; much labor when planting the coarser seeds, but a drill or wheel hoe la un- ' necessary in a small garden. Many suburban gardeners have water available. This is not an unmixed blessing, for to spray plants in hot : dry weather is a fatal mistake. At ' such times the foliage is not prepared by nature to receive an artificial sup ply of moisture, while if the plants ; once become accustomed to it they must have it regularly. Constant rak ing is far better than watering for if no crust is allowed to form on the surface of the soil the plants will al ways find enough moisture, unless a very long drought sets In. Even when this is the case spraying should never be resorted to, the only safe course to pursue being to block the outlet drain and to place the hose so as to fill the , drainage system, but even this must never bo done until after sunset. Seed ! should always be sown in dry soil but I immediately after a bed has been seed ed quicker germination can be secured by giving the ground a moderate soak ing though after tbe young shoots ap I>ear tuey will not send their roots down deeply if constantly watered, and the rootlets that penetrate the soil in search of moisture not only And what they are after, but a good deal of useful plant food as well. As to fertilizers, a wagon load or ♦ wo or fairly coarse manure may be used to good advantage during the trenching process if it is carefully stamped down on top of the Bod thrown in the trenches, but afterwards nothing but flue well rotted manure should bo used which should bo at least two years old in order to avoid the danger of importing the seeds of noxious weeds. This should be thor oughly incorporated with the soil after the crops have been gathered in the fall. As to commercial fertilizers, outside lime and salt, though good In their place, I fancy amateur gardeners are better without them. Really the rake, besides being the best watering pot, is the best fertilizer I know of, for its constant use permits the air to reach the roots of the growing plants and the atmosphere carries more elements necessary for vegetable life than can be supplied by any chemical compound. With regard to second crops. No gardener worthy the name ever per mits any space to lie fallow, if it is possible to raise a second crop on it. The pea vines, as soon as picked over, should be cleared away, and the space they occupied sown with beans, quick growing varieties of which may be planted with good prospects of their yielding a crop as late as mid July. The only preparation the bed will need is loosening up. not turning over, with a four tlned stable fork, and then hoe ing in a barrowful of fine manure. The first beans ready should also be fol lowed by a second crop, early varieties being chosen, and any ground that be comes vacant between the end of Juiy and the middle of August should be lightly sprinkled with turnip seed, and well raked over. After that date radishes are the only safe crop to sow. If these simple directions are faith fully followed, especially those relat ing to the first preparations of the ground, any amateur gardener is bound to raise a succession of crops which will go far towards supplying the family with green delecacies, even If his energies are confined to a very limited area. Percy Taylor. LONG ISLASD'S BARRES LA\DS. Project to Make Them Productive — Railroad Making Experiment** Another railroad has essayed "the problem of reclaiming land. This time It Is the Long Island Railroad t'ompany. It has taken tinder Its con trol a plot of land containing about seventeen acres near the end of the north shore of the island. The land Is typical of much of that on Long Is land- It is known as pine-barrvus, Is considered sterile and Is in the full est sense of the word waste land. Tlie railroad company will establish an experimental fruit and vegetablo farm. The company also intends to establish an experimental farm near the middle of the Island and another on the south shore. Suffolk county has nu area of 730, 117 acres of which 40,000 have been esteerm-d of s<» little value that they have never been assessed for taxes, and the value of L’oo.noi) acres of the remainder is so alight that the taxes levied have l**en nominal. 'Hie des patches telling of this experiment of uie Long Island Railroad announce that several other railroad companies will be interested spectators of the re sults, which If satisfactory will be aoeeptc-d as examples worthy to be followed. ' American raldroads not only opmj trp new land to settlement, but exerl themselves to nttract settlers and al •o reclaim waste land. The railroads or the west have done effective work n promoting emigration to that section and the roads of the south and south ,are now Particularly active in •eliciting Immigration. Tho southed lines have perhaps done more than any other agency jn turning the tide of Italian Immigration into the cotton SSuth, flddB tLe of Enough is Enough, Quitting work with a million dollar* Raved In twenty-five years, the mana Ker of the Waldorf-Astoria in New ^ork sets an example that might well t»e followed by those men who tret the money-making craze and develop from “captains of industry” through plutocrats' to something worse Thomas H. Hillard camo from Ireland when he had attained his majority He is now forty-six and a millionaire, having made It all In hotel manage ment and a careful Investment of his savings. He is of the opinion that he has worked hard enough and long enough. Acfpmlntance with the range of hotel prices. In connection with ho tel tips, would Indicate that he had also worked people enough, although there has been nothing In Mr. Hil lard's career to show that he has ever made an overcharge. On the other hand, be has devised many of th# modem conveniences that add to the dolectablllty of hotel existence. But the best thing he has done has been to know when he had enough and to stop when be got It Sine Million Plows at Work* It’s plowing time. Two hundred Billion acres of land will be plowed his year in the United States and ibout 9.000,000 plows are on the farms :o do tho work- The capital invested n plows alone represents $80,000,000. 3uch a multitude of types of plows ind plowers can be found on this old continent that we can but name a 'ew. In the great southwest the Mo aave with his three or four squaws starts for the planting ground. Each woman carried her digging stick, the most primitive of fall plows, and the man stands guard all day while the 'original farmers’* of this country dig the land and plant their gourd seeds. In Canada but for tho interference of the government we might see the Doukhabor women drawing the plow In exactly the same way that they have done for centuries. In New England the oxen are being yoked, ami in the middle west the fourhorse teams are ready. In the south the negro sits on his plow hilt to watch tho train go by. In other parts of the country we And traction engines at work, plowing forty or more acres a day and requir ing but two or three men to do It. MISTAKES A HOL T MCOTISE Doesn’t Accumulate In Pipe Stems— Very Little Nicotine Poisoning. Thero are probably few subjects about which more people are misin formed than nicotine. Nearly everyone speaks of the dark brown substance which has about the consistency and color of molasses and accumulates in the stems of pipes as nicotine. According to a scientific ar ticle, it is not nicotine at all, and it has no nicotine in it. It is nothing but tar—tobacco tar, distilled from the smoke, just as coal tar is distilled from coal and pine tar from pine wood. One might swallow all the tobacco tar that a rank clay pipe contains without serious harm. If ho swallowed the same quantity ot nicotine he would probably bo dead inside of five minutes. It is tho tar that stains the pipe, and it is the same tar that stains the cigarette smoker's fingers. It is also found Inside tho nostrils or one who Inhales smoke, and it puts an indelible stain on mustaches. It is true that tobacco contains more nicotine than any other known plant, but nicotine is not a plentiful article in nature. The rankest Ken tucky tobacco contains less than 8 per cent of nicotine, and the finer grades of tobacco, such as Havana, have less than 2 per cent. One often hears cigarettes condemn ed because the smoker gets so much more nicotine through inhaling the smoke. The fact is that a cigarette smoker gets almost no nicotine, be cause the tobacco of which cigarettes are made contains next to no nice tine. Turkish and Egyptian tobaccos carry only a trace of nicotine, and some of them none at all. But no matter how much of this deadly element a tobacco contains, the smoker does not get it. Nicotine is not extracted by burning the tobac co. Burning destroys it entirely. One often hears of nicotine poison ing, but tt is very doubtful if there is any such thing. When one is poison ed with nicotine he dies, and he doesn’t get poisoned by smoking. There are plenty of good reasons why smoking should not be carried to ex cess, but nicotine poisoning hi not one of them. Ah Put.—Mrs. Slowe: “I am so glad your brother enjoyed his visit to us, Mr. Greene.’* Mr. Greene: ‘ Oh, he Is the sort of youngster who can enjoy himself any* where, you know.” By Finn, the Comedian. "tike a grate full of coals I bora. A amt full bouse to eee. And should I not trttrful prtra A amt fool I would be.” $ A report Issued at Simla give* the number of deaths last year in India, caused by serpents, tigers and wolves, as 2,1 S7. Sixty thousand elephants ars slaughtered annually to supply ths world with Ivory. So Flight or Fancy, A bird in the hand (a worth two la the bush—if it was on a hat, the mil liner’s bill would show it was worth about forty in the bush. PAINT WITHOUT J)IL. We mark able Discovery That Cut* Down the Coat of Paint Seventy-Are Per Cent. Free Trial Parkaf* and Bl|(Book Telling All AI>ont I’ainta and Paint-Making are Mailed Free to Everyone Who Writes. A. L. Rice, a prominent manufacturer of Adams N Y., has discovered a process of mak ing a new kind of paint without the use of oil. lie calls it Fowdrpamt. It comes to you a dry t powder and all tnat is required is cold water to make a paint weather-proof, fire-proof and as durable as oil paint. For many purposes it is much better than oil paint, and is indis pensable to every property owner. It adheres to any surface, wood, stone or brick, spreads and looks like oil paint yet costs only one fourth as much. Write to Mr. A. L. Rica, Manufr, 3fS6 Korth St., Adams. N. Y.. and he will send you a frea trial package together with color card and his valuable book on painting, all frea. This book is necessary to all who use paint. It lets you into the secret of paint making, exposes fake paints, tells you how to get the best results from paint for different purposes, and shows you how you can save and make a good many dollars. Write today and the book, free trial of paint, etc., will be sent you without any cost by return mail. I__ .ftan-fevtj-Lpt gf Warfcl -gin iJ-gt pf Mantrl Can Increase Your Comlorttl Can Increate Your Protltel f i and 1I1 -ELECTRIC If you are Interested In those things r we'dUka to Mud jou our u*w book about ELECTRIC ,T,Ew!r..'i. the " ^ Handy - --- Wagon w •! re then a million and a quarter of them are In use and sereral hundred thousand farmer! aar that they are the beet Investment they ever made. They’ll save you m- re money, more work, glee bet ter serrloe and (treater iatisfartlon than any other metal wheel made— t>er»wse They’re Made Better, hy every test they are the be ft. Spokes united to the hub. If they work loose, your money back. Imn’t buy wheels nor wtron until you reed our book. It mar sere you many dollars and It * free. ELECTRIC WHEEL 00., Box 263 Qulnoy, Mia. ELECTRIC Going to build? Oet heating plans right. Others save by reading our free furs see book. Tells about $49.00 Leader Puraaee. Hend for It today. Hta Warmin* * 1 Vsetilating Ce. ■744 Taeoaa. Bldg.7ChU«^e. 45c DISH PAN SAVED I By rein* Bt John'a Tin Mendar and a Mati-h. Don't pay the tinsmith 15 cent* erery time you hare a little leak In your pane, kettlee, pot*, •tc. Mend It yourtelf In half a initiate, and 100other menda for 1-4 cent. Der inend Read r for lnatan* u*c. Mend* all holes, from the — alia of a pin point to 1-* Inch la diameter. Oraetaat household convenience ever Invented Writ*to-day for at John’s Tin Header, Moenta. pre aid ; per docen, $1.41, prepaid. Bonanzafor amenta. E. N. CORNEAU A CO., Dept. 4» River Street. CHICAGO C will bring to you by mail a 8 oz. bo* of BVTLEH'S FLA VORING CRYSTALS super §ior to any Kc bottle of liquid (-attract (unchangeable in cook, log and non-alcohone). Vamlla, lemon, orange, almond, clove cinnamon, groger and nntmeg flavors. Indorsed by U. 8. com. miMibn at Paris Exposition. Your money back if you want it. Send 10c fo-day to t? But'cry Place N. T. City Jm%. Butler Co. (PHOTOGRAPHERS. BE WISE! Throw Away Your Bottles and Scales l and u«ethe N. P.C.C. photographic preparation* only. • We do the weighing and you add the water. y jm N. P. C. C. DEVELOPER Nonpoisonous and will not stain the fingers, 25 cents for six tubes, sufficient for 24 ounces developer for Velox, t'yko, Rotox and other developing papers, or 60 ounces plate or film developer. Pi. P. C. C. fEPIA TONER Black and white prints on developing paper may be re-developed at any time to a perfect sepia. 25 cents for six tubes. FREE SAMPLE of N. P. C. C. Developer and Sej Toner sent on receipt of ten cents stamps to cover postage and nackinr. S fi NATIONAL PHOTOSRAPHIC^CHEMICAL COMPANY 1 Ith Street and Pa. Ave., N. W. ~ Wa.hbi0toa, D. C. llillfflUliiili PAGE-WIRE why it is stronger and better” Sent'free'tyVetiirumai1™"wn te'for TZday Pane Woven Wire Fenct Co., Box 925, Adrian, Mich’ THE NATION’S BRfOE Portr,it* «» «>• PrnldMt’s mihmd, .uchom, Mta. rJI£_! “owe Wedding*. • tr **•» Mlling in New VotkrityfoVtloo'each* W34 :Dchf*‘ Either oanel acr h.* 0ur *Pec1lU off®f (•ditlon HmM. ^r« nTtiAtv * ?° , P*°*“ 4#c ■ po,(*«‘ NATIONAL PHOTO-SOUVENIR CO., * Boc 61, WASHINGTON. D. C.