Newspaper Page Text
The Ceredo Advance.
T. T. McDOUGAL, Publisher. ^TORETDQ. . . WEST VIRGINIA, j Children and Stars. Nature study, which has been trans formed In a majority of cases into na ture recreation. Las extended to a great variety of subjects, but has treated, one important biancli with curious ueglccC Birds and butterflies, trees, flowers, mushrooms, ferns and aheil8 have their eutbuslas:ic admir ers everywhere; but a question as to the summer constellations, or the planets which are the morning and evening stais of the month, reveals the fact that 19 persons out of 20 aan barely recognize the Milky Way and the Great Dipper. Yet what a door here stands open to the thought ful mind! Night after night, over city roofs. the great procession passes; one need go but to the street or the window to watch. What child who haa been taken out Into the whisper ing darkness of a summer night or the splendid silver beauty of a win ter evening for a stur talk lias ever forgotten it? Tho names may slip away, perhaps, but something—a sense of beauty, of mystery, of the anspeakable wonder of the universe— remains unforgetably. There havo been children with other star memo ries One of the prettiest pictures in biography, remarks the Youth’s Com panion, is that of Lyman Beecher's children watching for the end of tho long Puritan Rabbath and the release from constraint "when three stars came out.’’ What friendly nspect the early stars must have worn to them all their lives, with the memory of their playtime signal! Nathaniel Bow Hitch, the mathematician, had other devices. llis son says that the fa ther's reward for good behavior was to draw one of the constellations, in dots of ink, upon the child’s hand Happy children, so to learn the stars In shining hours! Happy stars to he ao linked with radiant memories! Doubtless the stars may be learned from books or named from a pro lessor's chair, but the parent who teaches his boy or girl even a littlo of the beauty and the glory of the beavens—who puts the sky into his , childhood—gives him a memory be yond all price. Good-By to the Cowboy*. i-and office officials tell us that the young farmers of Iowa, Kansas, Ne braska, Missouri and Illinois are do ing most of the homeseeking these flays. Many of them have gone through hard apprenticeship as "hired men" and they are tired of working for wages. They want to get land of their own, and, what is more, they can tell good land when they see it. They know the value of land that^will three crops of alfalfa and that Sri ii tUrfi Out enormous crops of Rl most anjthing under the magic touch of water. In many cases the man who h*s lived for years in the far west doesn't realize sharply enough the remarkable capabilities of tlie land. He fs looking for a "snap”— something that can be watered with Uttlc expense. But the eastern farm er is quick to see that almost any of •uch productive land is a “snap,” even If the question of water is going to be troublesome for a year or two. Bo it is the man from the middle west who is settling up tlie Rocky Moun tain states. In a few years, says the Denver Republican, the care less cow punchers and sheep herders, who missed their opportunities, will I) working for the man from the mid dle west and wondering why Oppor tunity passed them by for some one •ise. Places for the Graduates. About 40,000 young men and women fust graduated from the universities Bod colleges of the country are now confronted with the question, “What Bre we to do in life? Quite apart from the three old-time "learned pro fessions" are new fields constantly be ing opened by science and Industrial developments. It will one day bo found that scientific farming has at tractions for the educated man and country boys who have received a col lege education will not all rush to tlie cities as they do now. Homely advice to the beginner, but advice approved by the test of time, says the New Tork Herald, Is: Choose the occupa tion for which you have a natural bent, or if you cannot discover this *n occupation that at any rate ia not distasteful, and be prepared to win four way by probity and hard work. There is no other aure road to genu ine success. An English periodical, the Bvstand «t, says New York's "Four Hundred'* la made up of people who lack refine r»ent and add* that there is no such thing as culture In America. Mow ouB English cousins do love us—when they can use us for their own profit. King Edward has declined with (banks an invitation to visit Canada Is Edw’ard to be numbered among flboae people who are afraid that 1/ (bey take vacations their Job* will no! •w there when tha* **t back bon**? MILLIONS OF PEOPLE STUDYING THE TRUSTS THOUSANDS OF NEWSPAPERS DECIDING TO PRINT THE TRUTH REGARDING THE GIGANTIC "SYSTEMS” THAT CONTROL THE PEOPLES FOOD, PRODUCTS AND PROSPERITY ALSO THE INSURANCE COMPANIES AND RAILROADS IN ORDER THAT THE PEOPLE MAY CONTROL THE TRUSTS HY THE POWER OF KNOWLEDGE .liousanda of newspapers are de ciding to print Hie truth about the trusts. '1 hey have concluded to give their readers the power of knowledge. Without knowledge people are help less. It is the basis of our self-govern ment. When we know what to do we can do It. It is a free country. The peo ple control everything. All Power is In the Hands of the People. No political party has power except through the people. No political party can act without popular support. It may do so. but that Is suicide —at the next election it loses its power. Political patties have hut to hear the verdict of the people to realize the people's power. Combinations of capital are equally helpless —they trust yield to the people or be crushed. In these matters of meat, railroads ami Insurance the power of reform is in the hands of the public. The people have but to decide what they want done and it will be done. The Power of the Press Belongs to the People. "Publicity is the cure for tbe trusts," the President has said, —because when the press gives the facts to the public the public will ex ercise its mighty power. The press belongs to the public. The people who read the news papers and magazines control them. Let the people cease to read any giv en publication and no matter how much money its publisher lias and how much advertiser* spend in it, its pow er is gone. The people are represented by the press. They delegate their power to Its columns when they undertake to j lave it solve public questions, for it just as much or more than when the public power is delegated to a mem ber of the legislature or of Congress. To secure the representation of the P"\*Uc is the aim of every ambitious publisher. !.* "^uliulve ol iue ! public just to the extent he has sub scribers. just to the extent people read his publication. Getting Subscribers is Almo3t Like Getting Votes It’s about the same as getting votes. A subscription is prac ically a vote for the policy of the publication. It furnishes the rush with which to pub lish. It furnishes the inoral support ' that lies in the fa< t that people read any given publication. So tlie struggle is for circulation. The great giants in publishing are tlie city ] ress. Millions In money backs the enterprises of the city publisher. He reaches out into the whole coun try for subscribers. lie makes his publication so Inter esting that e eryone wants to read it. He gets public si pport two ways— first he gets subscribers from distric ts where previously the people have supported tlie local press solely. Then he gets support from the city advertis ers who want the- country trade- tlie mail order houses, the whole long list J of advertisers who are sapping the country’s cash and paying tlie city publisher to help them do it. He waxes wealthy and litres the best writers in the country and de rides to make his publications so in ter* ting that everybody will have to read them He stirs up public c|uos tlonr g»after the meat trust, the iu-urance trust, the railroads, nil tlie va t * nte rpris. s which handle the | people's money and products and dis tribute and augment the people’s pros perity, or vice versa, whichever way you want to look at It. The City Versus The Country It’s the same old story creating central control, bringing the* people's money into the cities to |»e handled by the tn*n who publish the rnaga l Stines and daily newspapers and who aim to abolish tlie country store ar.d the country publisher by making It Impossible for them to compete just as the other trusts have centralized othe r things, sic h as insurance and cattle killing and management of rail roads. It's the city versus the country-— the non-proditrer v< rsu the producer, the middle man versus th* end man the fellows who take control of com modities and cash between the pro ducer and the consumer and adding nothing to either commodities or cash amass vast fortunes for themselves. T.a-t year the tountry’s products were over twelve billion dollar* In value hut the farmers #nd the other working people got only two billion dollars of this money. Who go’ the rest? Tt's the corrupt. Immoral, eenta tlonaJ, lawless, dirty and diseased ^rlty veraus the Incorruptible, moral, sober-minded, law-abiding, clean and hejjtby country—and the city Las th* best of it to date. And the city publisher is gloating over his millions of magazine and newspaper circulation with which lie is building up the city stores and hanks and wholesale houses unci in surance companies through bringing the countryman's money and trade into the city instead of letting it re main to prosper the countryman's own community. Aided and Abetted By the Government "Millions for postal service to dis tribute the city publications to the country people but not one dollar for one cent postage." is the policy of the government Democr&iic or Republi can, it makes no difference, for the city publisher lias b >en getting his little million dollar a week graft out of the postal department under both for years. "Help the city all you can,” Is the cry in Congress. "Crush the country man. Build up Chicago, St. Louis, New York as jobbing and manufactur ing and railroad and packing and brewery ami publishing centers. Don't let a single state have a wholesale center of its own unless it's located where it can help us politically. Regu late railroad rates to compel the whole country to buy everything from these great political centers and to semi everything there—wheat, cattle, cotton, cash. "Kill off the country merchant and the country store. They interfere with centralized control. Kill off the* country banker. He* keeps some of the people's money at home. Kill off Uie country publisher. He appeals to a free and intelligent people and has power we must curb. Drive all gen eral advertisers to use only the big city publications and Jet the mail order advertiser get all the local trade away from tlie country advertiser who supports the country newspaper. Hurray for centralization. The coun try people supply us with evervthinc we eat and wear and now let's make ’em supply ail our cash and buy noth ing except what's udvertised la our i puLV^UunB.” That's the Cry cf the City That’s the cry of the city—the hun . pry, sensual, wicked, selfish, lazy, cruel, cursed c ity that takes our young people and converts them into dis ciples of mammon, into non-religious, non-virtuous, non intelligent support ers of city systems of graft and greed and now wants to take till our other possessions, including our independ ence of thought. And the city publisher goes about it shrewdly. He publishes what looks at the first glance to be honest articles, setting fonth the facts about ‘‘Frenzied Finance" and meat methods and rail roading and private car system and Insurance scandals, but which are really Inspired by motives that will not bear analysis. The plausibility of these articles is their shrewdest point. They look exactly ns tf they were written "For the Common Good,” but they should all be labeled “Central ize Everything in the Cities." From rate legislation to packing house ex posures they nil aim to create condi tions that will compel all business to be done in great cities by great trusts The local butcher can't kill cattle un der government Inspection, the coun try store can't sell goods in compel!- j tion with the city mall order bonse and tlie ordinary Jobber In any s tate center can't compete with tho Jobber in Idg cities that are favored by the Interstate Commerce Commission ami rate legislation. But when the country newspapers band together and emloy men of t»t cut to write regarding great subjects, men who will give the facts and let iho people Judie for themselves Ji'\. the country publisher protects Mm s«!f and his patrons. Thir. Is exact/;* what thousands of them n:e doing They tire combining to have the truth brought out regarding the- trusts and thus putting their readers in position to enact legislation that will sate guard the country against the attacks of the. city and the city's p-ib!lshcps and politicians. Thus the country pu.dh.ur ts sn sertlng himsHf and will be- able to w'n In tbo struggle for Ids own existence land that of his patrons—the country storekeeper, farmer, cattleralser and hanker. The publication of the farts regard Ing cattle and rash, meat ancj wheat, railroad* and rates, private ears and frutt. vegetable and beef dis'ributlon j insurance and “Frenzied Finance" will place the great country people, the producing and prospering popula tion of the nation. In position to exer else Intelligent control over ttei* af fairs. -• WHEN YOU’RE CANNING BERRIES Proportion* to Use—Tne Cooking and Filling of the Bottles. Allow three pints of fruit for the filling of one *iuarte Jar. Look over the berries carefully, and if any im perfect ones appear, do not hesitate to throw them to one side. Into your porcelain kettle put one cupful of white sugar and Just enough water to start the berries cooking, and as soon as the sugar is melted, add your berries. Cover, and watch carefully, and as soon as they reach the boiling point remove the kettle from the fire, filling -the jar to within one-eighth ol an inch of the top, filling this spaed with berries dipped from the juice. Wipe all juice from the top of the can. adjust the rubber (it is well to put the rubber on before filling) and screw on the lid as tight as possible. Invert the can and lot remain thus for a few minuted; examine, and If any should he found leaking around the lid. take a small hammer or knife-handle and pound all around the edge of the lid, especially pounding down where the leak appears, taking pains to have the striking done on the lid and rubber alone. Repeat this, until no leak ap pears. then let the jars stand, inverted, until perfectly cool, advises a writer in the home department of The Com moner. If the jar continues to leak, open, empty the contents, reheat, and try another lid; or it may be the rub ber that is at fault, but generally, the lid is ill-fitting. Wrap the cans in thick paper when putting them away, as the light afreets the color of some fruits, and spoils the flavor of others. One of the very best helps in can ning time is a steam cooker; or an old-fashioned steamer is Just as good. The jars may lie filled with the un cooked fruit, the top put on loosely and.steamed until hot thjvmgh, filling part of the Jais with the content.! of j others, as the berries settle* down; when heated. The same care must be taken to have the fruit “boiling hot” in the jar as when canning by cook ing it in a kettle. It keeps its “looks” much better when canned by steam, and does not so much as lose its shape. When cooked thus, no water is added to the fruit when the jar is filled—the fruit, aided by the st i*m, will make its own juice. The water under the steamer fir In the cooker must be boiling briskly when the jars are sot in. and it must not lie allowed j to cease from boiling while the Jars are inside. It is the steam which cooks, and there must be plenty of it. ABOUT GLASS IN THE BATHROOM J Glass Appointments Are Not Neces sarily Expensive and Are Ideal. Many a bathroom is fitted out with glass appointments—shelves and racks (the long bars held in place by trim mings of nickel), soap cups and tho “little fixings." all of glass. Even tho wooden window sills in an occasional bathroom are removed aul a heavy glass shelf substituted, says the Chi cago Chronicle. Fortunately, glass of tho quality used for such purposes Is not neces sarily expensive, although, as in everything else, the question of how much It shall cost really depends upon the individual buyer. Howls and cooking spoons of glass— heavy, but almost unbreakable with ordinary handling—are so satisfactory, by virtue of their cleanliness, that tho woman who tries either or both in stantly becomes a convert to their use. Perhaps the most unusual glass-made piece of all is a rolling-pin, hollow, and so made that it can be opened and the hollow tilled with cracked ice, when working with pastry, which must be kept well chilled, even during the roll ing process. Croat slabs of glass make the best sort of pie and bread boards. To Clean Matting. To clean matting it should he first swept thoroughly with a stiff broom, following the grain of the straw, then swept across the grain with a soft broom that has been dipped in warm water in which a handful of j^lt has been dissolved. Nothing brightens colored matting so much as the salt and. moreover, It goes far to prevent It fading. 'Phe light-colored matting should be washed in water In which borax has been dissolved. If any grease spots are noticed before the matting is cleansed cover them with a mixtme of prepared chalk wet with turpentine, which, after being allowed to remain on for two days, should be removed with a stiff brush. In the event of the grease hnving sunk in about one eighth of washing soda added to the mixture will be effectual. Sweet milk is said to keep the matting in a good state of preservation and it is only necessary to use the application about once a year. To Shrink Linen. For shrinking linen the following In st nut ions have been found to he very satisfactory: First, after a bathtub l as been carefully dusted till it about quar ter full with clear cold water, it should bo first Altered if it (<4 „f a|j daik or cloudy. Tb'-n, leaving the linen in its folds, wrap it in a clean towel and allow it to remain in the water over night. When taken out In the morning do not wring the water from it. hut leaving It still folded hang it up dripping. It will take some time to dry. hut the material will be thor oughly shrunken and will not need to l>e pressed. So Rugs Won't Curl. Strips of stiff buckram sewed along the edges of rugs will prevent them curling tip. To Keep Away Rust. A good blacking will protect th# heating stoves from summer damp ness. which so quickly generates rust. ! / ' Our Pattern Department SIMPLE LITTLE FROCK. 6 6/ Pattern No. f,661.—This daJntr Httlo frock is charmingly simple and can be made with very little trouble, as the buck and front is all in one piece; Just a seam under the arm and a hem on the lower edge and the little gar ment is ready for the trimming. A feature that will make it a very popu lar mode for summer, is the laundering possibilities, as it can be laid out per fect.y flat and ironed as easily as a pocket handkerchief. White pique trimmed with insertion is shown in the illustration, but several materials are suggested such as gingham, linen, serge, mohair and any of the stylish plaids. For a child of five years, one and three-quarters of 36-inch material will be required. Sizes for 3, 5, 7 and 9 years. This pattern will be sent to you on receipt of 10 cents. Address all orders tothe Pattern Departmei t of this paper. He sure to give size and number of pat tern wanted. For convenience, write your order on the following coupon: Nq 7)661. SIZE. NAME. ADDRESS. STYLISH COSTUME OF C=tAY AND WHITE CHECK. £ Pattern Nos. F.3G2 and 5632.—Many attractive designs are shown for shirt waist costumes, but no style Is quite so popular as those made to bo worn with a dainty chemisette or tucker. The mode here illustrated Is of checked suiting, and is made with square cut neck; the wide tucks in the upper part of the waist giving a becoming fullness at the bust. The skirt is a very practical five gored model, having the fashionable flare at the lower edge, which may he rut long, medium sweep, round or short round length. The design is excellent for cashmere, taffeta, mohair, pong'*e and linen. The medium size will lequire two and one-quarter yards of «H inch material for the waist and fire and one-quarter yards for the skirt. Ladies’ Shirt-waist No. 5362: Sizes for 32, 34, 36, .18. 10 and 42 inc hes bust measure. Ladles’ Plain Five Gored Skirt No. 5632, In long medium sweep, round and short round length: Sizes for 22, 24, 26. 28. 30 and 32 inches waist measure. The above Illustration calls for two separate patterns. The prlco in ten cents for the waist and ten cents for the skirt. This pattern will be sent to you on receipt of to cents. Address nil orders totbe Pattern Department of this paper. I'e «lire to give «;ize and number of pat tern wanted. For convenience, write four order on the following yupoiii No. 5362 and 5632. BIZK..... NAMB.. I ( AT>r>nr«« .... Examination Papers. A public school teacher the other fay was marking examination papers ti etymology. Among the definitions vhat she marked, the following caused ter to sutllo: Omen—A hymn sung In church. Laity—Soberness, tne opposite of fuvety. Pedantic—Running about on foot. Fnivei*e—Relating to number one. Acid—A powerful liquor; example, hydraulic acid. Dolphin—A prince; example, tht Dolphin of Frauca. ‘AN OLD PAINTER'S JDE A - 'v The autumn season Is coming mors •nd more to be recognized as a most suitable time for housepalnting. There Is no frost deep in the wood to make trouble for even the best Job of paint ing, and the general seasoning of the summer has put the wood into good condition In every way. The weather, moreover, is more likely to be settled for the necessary length of time to allow all the coats to thoroughly dry. a very important precaution. An old and successful painter said to tha writer the other day: ‘'House owner* would get more for their money if they would allow their painters to taka more time, especially between coats. Instead of allowing barely time for the surface to get dry enough not to be ‘tacky,* several days (week3 would not bo too much) should be allowed so that the cost might set through sod through. It •« Inconvenient, of course, but. If one would suffer this slight inconvenience. It would add two or three years to the life of the paint.’* All this is assuming, ot course, that' the paint used is the very best to be had. The purest of white lead and the piuest of linseed oil unmixed with any cheaper of the cheap mixtures, often known as “White I^ead,” and oil which has been doctored with llsh oil, benzine, corn oil or other of the adulterants known to the trade are used, all the precautions of the skilled painter are useless to prevent the cracking and peeling wliich make houses unsightly In a year or so and, therefore, make painting bills too fre quent and costly. House owner should have his painter bring the in gredients to the premises separately, white lead of some well known relia ble brand and linseed oil of equal qual ity and mix the paint just before ap plying It. Painting need not be ex pensive and unsatisfactory if the old painter’s suggestions are followed. NOTRE DAME ALWAYS CHARM* Visitors Never Tire of Beauty of Famous Cathedral. Often ns I have seen Notre Dame, the marvel of it never grows less. I go to Haris with no thought or time for it, busy about many other things; and then, on my way over one of the bridges across the river, perhaps, I see it again on its island, the beauti ful towers high above the high roof* of houses and palaces, and the view, now so familiar, strikes me afresh with all the wonder of my first impres sion. The wonder only seems greater If I turn, as 1 am always temp’ed *.o, p.nd walk down the quays on the left bank, the towers before me and with every step coming more and more completely together, by the Hont Neuf, to the island, p.nd at last to tb» great square where Yotre Dame front* me in its superb calm.—Elizabeth Ilobins Pennell, in 1 fee Century. He Hit the Bookmaker. Patrick Murphy had an afternoon off, so lie thought he would go out to eee the horse races. Pat had heard about the fortunes made at the race track. so he thought he would try his luck. lie went down stairs before every race, but didn't find any odds that suited him until the last race. It was a large gray horse. I don’t remember its name, hut it suited Pat all right, for it had DO-1 after It. Pat put up his dollar and went up stairs to see the race. His horse won by a neck. Pat hurried down-stairs with a lively step to cash In his check. It was the last race of the day and the bookmaker was anxious to pet rid of his silver, therefore Pat was paid with silver dollars. Pat stood there a few minutes fum bling over Ms handful of silver dol lars, when the bookmaker hollered: "What’s the matter. Irish? Don’t yon think they are good?” Pat said: "They look all right, but I am just trying to see if I can find the bad one I gave you among them.’* AN OLD TIMER. Has Had Experiences. A woman who has used Postum Food Coffee since it came upon the market S years ago knows from ex perience the necessity of usiug Pos tuin in place of coffee if one values health and a steady brain. She says: “At the time Postum was first put on the market I was suffer ing from nervous dyspepsia and my physician had repeatedly told me not to use tea or coffee. Finally I de cided to take ids advice and try Postum, and got a sample and had it carefully prepared, finding it deli cious to the taste. Ho I continued its us* and very soon its beneficial ef fects convinced me of its value, for J got well of my nervousness and dys pepsia. My husband had been drinking cof fee all his life until It bad affected Ids nerves terribly. 1 persuaded him to shift to Postum and it was easy to get him to make the change for the Postum is delicious. It certainly workc-d wonders for him. • We soon learned that Postum does not exhilarate or depress and does not stimulate, but steadily and honestly strengthens the nerves and the stom ach. lo tflake n long story short our entire family have now used Postum for eight years with completely sat isfying results, ns shown in our flue eondition of health and we have no ticed a rather n^expected improve ment in Main and nerve power.** Name given by Postum Co., Battle Creek, Mich. Increased brain and nerve power al ways follow Ibe use of Postum in place of coffee, sometimes in a very marked manner. IxK>k in pkgs. for “The Road t» WellvlJle.” /'