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i ON THE TRAIL OF THE i
AMERICAN MISSIONARY By WILLIAM T. ELLIS ! This PisFngulshed American Journalist is Traveling Around the War'.d far pose of investigat r.g the American Foreign Missionary trom * ,r.f * Disinterested Secular and Non-Secta-ian Standpoint. i Mottrated with Drawings and from Photographs. AT PLAY IN JAPAN (Copyright, by Joseph B. Bowles.) i Karuizawa. Japan.—The first day I landed In Japan ! set out, hot foot. to find a missionary. I want ed to hear what he had to say for himself In answer to some of the criticisms that I had heard aboard ship. Rut hours of jinrikisha riding in Yokohama and Tokio failed to un cover one. "Karuizawa,*’ was the word I got from native servants In tenantless missionary homes; and Karuizawa, said the red guidebook, which is the tourist's badge of greenness, is a re sort in the mountains of interior Japan much frequented by mission aries and other foreigners. When 1 said “Karuizawa” to one of the polite officials at the railroad station— he straightway took my afTalrs In hand; attended to my baggage, requi sitioned the proper porters, and then | himself went wrlth me and ordered my ticket and saw that 1 got the right change: all without expectation of a fee, which he, like the Japanese po liceman, would consider an Insult. The ticket, by the way, was second class, I found; and later learned that It is thus that all missionaries travel In Japan. The Simple Life In Japan. In the light of what I see here In Faruizawa, the many tales I have heard « ■ 1 ———— i ing the first hymn many person* even to a little child in front of me. were affected to tears. I could not un derstand why anybody should weep over the hearty singing of a familiar hymn until it was explained that the sight and sound of so many Christians singing together was too much for the missionaries, who. for a*, least a year, had been shut off in the interior towns and villages, seeing only Japa nese faces and hearing only Japanese speech. Then I began to realize the loneliness which is often one of the heaviest taxes laid upon a mission ary. The Missionary's Worst Hardship. Even worse, as I may as well men tion at the outset, since !t is the con stant specter at every missionary farp lly board, is the enforced separation of parents from children. This strikes down to the deeps of human nature. The breaking of these ties that are as old as the race, and stronger than death, is the ever-recurring tragedy of missionary life. Children must he ed ucated in the homeland; It seems Im possible to raise a good American In an Asiatic atmosphere. Even In earli est years the children Imbibe with the native tongue more knowledge of evil than comes to the normal boy and girl at home lh 20 years. As they approach or enter their teens missionaries' chil* The Auditorium at Kamizawa, Japan. of the missionary’s opulence are rap idly being dissipated. The mission aries here are unquestionably repre sentative of those throughout the ori ent; they are of all ages, are of all denominational names, are engaged in every branch of mission work, and come from every part of Japan, as well as from three or four other countries. All alike dress most inexpensively, and one does not have to look closely to see the evidences of enforced eco nomy familiar in the case of the coun try parson in the homo land. The summer homes hereal>outs can boant little except fine views and plenty of fresh air; they arc not on a par with the cottages in the resorts I have named. The buildings are plain wood en structures, generally unpainted or else an ugly red color, and each dwelling seems to be crowded. In the approved summer resort fashion; for expenses diminish by division. There is always room for the hospitality which missionaries learn In the east, if they never knew it at home; and manifestly these are homes of real re finement, since four-fifths of the mis sionaries are college bred. The num ber of Phi Reta Kappa keys worn, stand ing as they do, for highest rank In the best. Ame*rican colleges. Impresses one Interested In such matters. Since coming here I have had no occasion to blush for my countrymen, which was not the case In Yokohama. The Easy Life of the Orient. There are more servants here ihan in any similar resort over seas. Each household has from two to five native servants, depending generally on the number of children in the family. This Is not quite so luxurious as It sounds, for servants are plentiful and cheap here Housekeeping in Japan does not entail the domestic drudrory com mon in tho west, and altogether life Is smoother and more comfortable. Al ready it has been made plain that the commonly entertained notion concern ing the hardships of missionary life. In Tapnn, at least, is erroneous. This is t civilized land. Most of tho conveni ences and comforts of life In America sre obtainable here, plus many not *nown to flie Occident. Ro far aa the material aspect* of regldence In Japan concerned, 1 see no reason for tho tearful pity and sympathy so frequent ly extended to the missionary. Life in the Sunrise kingdom may he a* en joyable as life anywhere else. One less pleasant aspect of the mis Nonary’s lot was brought to rnlnd at the first Sunday service I attended, in •he new Auditorium, which I* situated within HO yards ol an old Rhintc shrine. Tne seating rapacity ia about • SO. and the building was filled with Europeans (a* all white folk are railed aut here), interested brown face* peeping in at doors and windows. I)«r 1 dren must be surrendered, and fre quently they are not seen again by their parents until they have attained manhood or womanhood. Tragic tales are told of children who do not recog nize their own parents and of parents who do not recognize their own chil dren, after these long separations. This appears to me to be the worst of all the hardships that come to these uncomplaining missionaries. Whtle on the domestic aspect of the missionary’s life, it is worth recording that the second generation may fre quently be found on the field. I have met several instances of it here. A ‘‘children’s party” of second genera tion missionaries brought together a score of young men and women a few days since. Quite unusual was a service in the Auditorium last Sunday, when Margaret Hail, the infant dauglv ter of two young missionaries, was baptized by one grandfather, the other grandfather and an uncle assisting, and both grandmothers and an aunt being present, the entire group being missionaries. Mark you, this was not in a long settled New England com munity. but In an ancient village In the heart of Japan. The grandfather who officiated was a Cumberland Pres byterian. and he used the new Presby terian Book of Common Worship. Makers of an Empire. One is surprised to find In this sin gle European community of perhaps fiOO persons a dozen or more whose names have been for nearly a genera tion household words In thousands of American homes. Here are men whose careers are Inseparably in- I wrought with the making of the new Japan; not only are they among the founders of the Christian ehurch here, but they are also conspicuous figures in the civil history of the empire, the friends and counsellors of statesmen, j the pioneers of higher education, the makers of Japan s new literature, and the introducers of the dearly-prized "western learning.” Critical Daya In Japan. If they cannot preach the mission- I *rles can think. They have to do so If they are to work here. Japan is not big enou (h to hold that type of small man who is inhospitable to new I ideas. Confidentially. I understand that this Is the reason why not a few men who felt themselves called to be mlss'onaries have been recalled by the hoards after a few years on the field. The religious problems of Japan are tremendous; Just now they are acute: There is nothing like them in America, nor are they at all under stood there. Christianity in Japan is passing through an epoch that is also a crista. t It muat now suffice to sav that llv ing face to face with a r<««t and rttai question, which has had ao parallel tn BUskavy history. and n bound itself to become a precedent lot other cations, has made serious mind ed statesmen of many of these mis stonar'.es. They have not tiro* tc quibble over details that rex many American ministers, and. in conse quence, Christian union in Japan li far ahead of the same movement any where else In the world: and ihe mis Sionarfes are more catholic, cosnie politan and large-visioned than any similar body of clergyman of whom 1 have knowledge. Roosevelt and Bryan as Missionaries As illustrative of their byoad views fit the situation take their sentiments concerning Mr. William J. Bryan, whose recent visit is a vivid memory with the nation. The Japanese fell in lov-a with Mr. Bryan because of his smile and suavity; good uiauners go farther than a private car in this land. The missionaries, without re pect to creed or party, are enthusl astlc over the religious influence of Mr. Bryan’s tour of Japan; every where he commlttted himself unequi vocally to the Christian position, aud his addresses nud printed comments on missions were published in native newspapers throughout the empire, as his biography and speeches had been j printed upon his appearance. Now the missionaries are talking of a possible visit from President Roosevelt at the close of his term; he will be formally invited, and an emin ent missionary now en route to America Is charged with the mission of representing to the President the attitude of the Japanese towards him. For there is no man. outside of the emperor and a few war heroes, who is bo popular in this country to-day, with all classes of people, as Theo dore Roosevelt. Taking Advantage of this, the missionaries have circulated widely, in Japanese, the address on the Bible delivered at Oyster Bay. and other religious utterances of the Presi dent. His letter to the interchurch Conference on Federation In New York wan ImmoillAtAl v Drinteil by most of the Japanese dailies In these w-ays it may fairly be said that President Roosevelt and Mr. Rryan are more potent Influences in the religious evolution of Japan than many professional missionaries com bined. The Japanese Press and Religion. The use tho latter make of these men 1 cite as evidence of their alert ness and broad-mindedness. Anoth er progressive plan which waits only a special donation from America to put it into immediate execution is tho use of the advertising columns of the daily Japanese newspapers for pur pose's of religious propaganda. Pub lishers of leading journals have agreed to place from one to two t‘d j union a day at tho disposal of (ue missionaries for the insertion cf | Christian toacning iu popular form. ! The expense cf publication for a year in a newspaper of 20.000 daily circu lation. including the preparation of tho material, would be les3 than tho salary of an ordinary preacher in America. Only by this method, a leading missionary assured me to-day can the churches hope to rcacli grea‘ masses of people who will not attend Christian churches. Missionaries Not Grafters. Novel ideas in church work 1 found to be common in Japan. 1 heard con siderable here about the **P. and R. building association,” which Inquiry showed Is not a thrifty scheme for laying up money for a rainy day, as it is on the other side of tho Pacific, but a missionary enterprise by mis sionaries. Subscribers, chiefly mem bers of the missions, pay five dollars a year for each share; then, whenever a native congregation needs help In putting up a church building, It ap plies to the building association, which advances a sum equal to not more than one-third of the total coat of the structure. For each grant so made every shareholder is assessed ono dollar, the aggregate assessment for a year being limited to five dol lars. In return the shareholder gets the privilege of paying another ten dollars the next year! Considering the charge that the missionaries are "grafters,” I am in terested to find many evidences like this of the gifts by missionaries to their own work. I have met at least one wealthy man who supports him self and contributes to Ills mission besides. Another prominent mission ary Is maintain (1, and the expense* of hia work are paid by his brother, a well-known American manufacturer Facing the Facts. Most of the missionaries here are Arneri'-jns and Canadians, and It Is gratifying to find that they seem still to retain their level-headedness. They are not fanatics. Their attitude is one of a sober confronting of "the things as they are." They suffer no delusions concerning their work or concerning the Japanese. To cite an illustration: The day of my arrival, a young Ohioan (the persistence of American provincialisms and dialects over here, even among men who speak Japanese like natives. Is inter esting to an observer), a total strang er, helped me out of a linguistic snarl at the post office. Then he crossed the street with me and smilingly, since you must always bargain with a smile In thii polite land, helped me make a purchase 25 per cent, cheaper than the native's asking price. The duplicity and guilefulness of the Japanese tradesman are an open book to thrje missionaries who v.hilo Intensely loyal to the Japanese are not h»md to certain graver na tional shortcomings. The vaiicd djf Acuities which heset their own work «re frankly recognized; not all mis siooary meetings hear reports as tem perate and discriminating as m raado by th* ^workers haze. ---■----— A 8MA1T BLOUSE. Pattern No. 67S9.—The blouse waist hero Illustrated is in charming style, and is one of the newest and smart est of the season. It Is known as the “Marie Antoinette,” and promises to be very popular. A blouse of this kind can be prettily developed in any of the cotton or light weight woolen materials. As shown In the Illustra tion it was made of natural colored pongee trimmed with frills of brown taffeta. The sleeves may be full length or shorter, the short sleeves be ing finished by modish turned back cuffs while those in full length arc gathered Into straight bands. A turned-down collar over a standing band gives stylish neck completion. Madras, linen, pongee and silk are all appropriate for the making. For 3® Inches bust measure three yards of 36-ineh material will be required. Slz^ for 32. 34, 36, 38, 40 and 42 inches bust measure. Tills pattern will be sent to yon on receipt of 10 cents. Address all orders to the Pattern Department of this paper. He sure to give size and number of pnt ; tern wanted. For convenience, write your order on the following coupon: i Na 5789. SIZE.. NAME. ADDRESS. A SMART OVER-BLOUSE. 9 Pattern No. 8756.-—No more becom ing style has taken the popular fancy i than the pretty over-blouao here pic tured. It Is made of plaid tafTeta, and Is cut out in the upper part to show a dainty 1ace blouse underneath. The mode Is quite simple In construc tion, and may be easily and quickly made. Most of the seasonable wait ings are adaptable such as Henrietta, wool batiste, tafTeta and the novelty silks. For 36-inch bust measure one and one-eighth yards of 36-inch mate rial will be required. Sizes for 32, 34, 36, 38, 40 and 42 inches bust measure. This pattern will be sent to you on receipt of 10 cents. Address all orders to the Pattern Departmen t of this paper. He snre to give size and number of fiat tern wanted. For convenience, write your order on the following coupon; I -™™---*-“—* Ad Infinitum. "Now that you have perfected a projectile that no armor can resist, 1 what will your next step be?” "The next step,” answered the eml i nent inventor, "will be to perfect an armor that no projectile can pen<y trate.” Anchored. Papa was becoming impatient at the I lateness of the hour, wheu he re marked; “I can't see why that young ' fellow who Is calling on Minnie hasn’t i *enso enough to go home. It'* near midnight.” The dear little brother of the family i Just then came in, heard his father’s | remark, and ventured some light: "He can't go, father. Sister's sitting | on him.”—Young's Magazine. On pasture lands la Alaska graat grows six itet high. rwo WAYS TO NANQ PICTURES. "Regular” end “Symmetrical" Both Hava Good Points. Not only must tho size and shape of the room bo considered, but also tho stylo and dimensions of tho picture. An ordinary and s?.fe course to adopt is to hang tho pictures iu a line all around the room. This may be dono when tho pictures are all about tho sumo Their lower edges should be on a level with the eyes of the spectator. Another system Is the symmertrlal one. lu which “balanca" la preserved by tho pictures of large slie forming outstanding points of ob servation. so to speak, the smaller pic turos being hung evenly on either side of them and leading up to them. T he else of tho room must deter mine the else of the pictures which are to decorate It. Large pictures dwarf a small room, and the spectator Is not able to get far enough away from the picture to enjoy its charm. Remember, then, that spacious rooms require and do justice to pictures of lurgo proportions. The same remark applies to halls, staircases, and land ings, which. If small, should be hung with moderate sized engravings, sketches, or other examples of art. as circumstances may determine. Damp and dust are great enemies to pictures; therefore, every precan* tlon should he taken to protect them from both as much us possible. No extremely valuable picture ever. If possible, should be hung against an outside wall, nor even on a freshly papered wull until it is perfectly dry. Soda la a Kitchen Necessity. The average housewife looks askance at washing soda. It ruins both colors and hands; yet It is very useful. Very dirty or soiled linen may be cleaned by boiling in fnirly strong soda water. A little soda dissolved and added to the blueing water pre vents streaking. A good bleacher Is made by boiling one pound of soda in a quart of water. Add a packet of chloride of lime, strain and bottle, and discolored doorsteps and tables that are a bad color may be cleaned with the fluid. Brush over well and leave for the night, then wash off well in the morning. In making batter for paper hang ing, add a small lump of Boda after It is made. This adds greatly to Its adhesive qualities. Burnt saucepans are easily cleaned by filling with old water, adding u lump of sodu, and bringing to a boll. The tea tnstos hot* ter If the kettle gets an occasional soda-water bath. When the Fabric Is All Wool. If one takes up a piece of wool cloth and a piece in which cotton is pres ent the former will feel very soft und yielding to the touch, while the latter will be hard and rather smooth than otherwise. A wool surface when rubbed Is rough. In raveling out woolen mate rials. when the threads are untwisted, the wool will fray and the ends curl up, while cotton will break off evenly without any ends. A chemical test which can be em ployed at homo Is the application of inuriatuc or nitric acid to woolens. If a sample of goods is dipped Into one or the other of these chemicals It will turn a reddish yellow color If no for eign threads are present. If cotton is present the chemical eats It away Im mediately, leaving behind only the yol low warp or woof. _ Mock Bisque Soup. Meat-stock soups are a trifle heavy for spring. Here is a spring soup that Is easy to prepare, and, because of the acldB In the tomatoes, most palat able when spring fever begins to be felt. One-half can tomatoes, one and one-half tablespoonfulH butter, one and one-hajf teaspoonfuls flour, one quart milk, salt and pepper. Stew and drain tomatoes; scald milk In double boiler and thicken with the flour and butter; season tomatoes well and reheat. Take both from the fire and mix together; If tomatoes aw acid add pinch of soda. If mixed on Sre soup Is apt to curdle. Ideal Face Lotion. Glycerin and oatmeal, made into a paste with rose water, constitute an Ideal face lotion to remove the effects of cold winds. As an addition to the hath glycerin scented with rose per fume will impart a delightful fresh ness and delicacy to the skin, the pro portions being four ounces of glycerin to one gallon of water. For a cough or cold a tahlnspoouful of glycerin In a cup of hot milk gives In slant relief. Two parts of glycerin and one part of powdered willow char coal also is a help In case of severe cough. Vegetarian Pie. Feel and slice three large potatoes, two medium Spanish onions, and four tomatoes; place them In alternate lay ers In a pic dish with three ounces of butter divided between the layers, season rather highly with pepper salt; covei with a short crust made with butter, four ounces of butter to one-half pound of flour being about the right proportion. It should l«* baked at least two hours In a good, but not scorching hot oven. Warm Water fer Plant*. . If house plants droop from no appar ent cause and refuse to thrive, try watering them solely by pouring warm wafer Into the saucers every day. Planta love heat, and it will sometime# give them a new leas* of Uf*. When Housceleaning, Select bright days for cleaning, so that the sunlight may penetrate the daifc corners, but windows to he well ! aollshed should be washed on a gray 1 day or the glass will appear streaked ——■—rnmmmSSjgT wemtM mo Miftmmi om, J. H. MEEK, ATTORNEY AT LAW, iWAVNti W. VA* »*»*• — J. R. GIESEE, | Architect, ,.| Ckrkdo, W. ?4, Office at Hoar J Brick. W. W. MARCUM, Attornoy-at* Law, Crrrdo, W. Va. fM 1 ' .'•> —— <rin,ra«u«at*aii the Mbrtidf W. R, a°T« and Uwrtnn* o»«utjr. Kt . — -- .. ——*H J. c. GEIGER. M. Dw —practice limited to— Eye, Ear, Nose anti Throat* Cor. 9tb St. aud 4tk Avt., Huntington, • • W. Va, ---- DANIEL WRIGHT, Painter f Paper Hanga Ccredo, W. Va. •auWer* d«M In the bHIiOldMrtR dMonkbUrrioM. Palate eat Welt ter wl*. W. H. ADKINS, THE BARBER, GUARANTEES HIS WORK TOOIV* ENTIRE SATISFACTION* •otobti shop aaS |M a •Imb • air# hair ant aaS you will look -- . ■■ aedgj T. T. McDOUGAL, Fire and Life Insia ranee Agent, OfittKOO, W. VA. Represents Strong and Reliabkl Firs companies and an old*libg Life oornpany that gives larga dividends end issues splendid polt ioies. -^- --si Camden Tim Interstate | |||| Company Tawe— ror m4 lafafatllN •fmalm* aoly. K»i an adTsrilasmaat sf tbsllMsef aA*m Tka Corny*ay rmootooo ah* Hfkl to Otutm0§ •T ATIOMIk Iwurnw a, to ■aati«*toto, LV. inhaoni’a Lee* w 73 CmmI Clly * 3 Carads * 78 Oakland A**.. CM. ** 73 Mn« ball's * ra Clyffaalda hub, • ^3 Aabtasd, AS £*2 •AMwaam 4 m AtoUaS. LT, 42 INaaaai, 48 1/fa« l da Pan ** M fi< ball’a * 4.9 oak,and A«a Cab ** 48 fWado. •• , 4 Sira 1 Cltr, * aaaa'i Laaa. • daatlaftes * !J» 11 '■■"J-"-1 . totototoyoootoy,i„l| ! EX1RRQR0IRIIRT OfFEU 3 WK WILL BICNDTHI IGlNGINN/ttl Dmiy POST i ONE YEAR * (price $3 00) * AND THE ADVANGt (ftria* $1.00) \ BOTH FOR ONLY S2.50 IF THIS on»KR IS ACCRFTRD AT ORCR. <k *. tf ■ MXjiMn^smnooiMKinonitRNl Hre insurant* m tha shsapest and hast t mas CwO bay. It sun bim fron* worry, perhaps from raia and bis family from want. Tbs rata* srp not very high. I will ba pleased t* give them to any ona wbo will eoms in nn«l talk the met tar s«sr. On is mfe companies represented. T. jQ MnOciaib Osajuss W. Va.