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ON THE TRAIL OF THE
AMERICAN MISSIONARY By WILLIAM T. ELLIS ’I^U5 Dstngulshed American Journalist Is Traveling Around the World for the Purpose of investigating the American Foreign Missionary Irom a Purely Disinterested. Secular and Non-Sectarian Standpoint, laustrated with Drawings and from Photographs. “NO MORE MISSIONARIES WANTED.” SAY JAPANESE — ■ _U (Copyright, 19<X, by Joseph B. Bowles.) Tokio. Japan—That many or most Japanese Christians sav no more for eign missionaries are wanted in Japan, and that numbers of the strongest missionary leaders agree with them, at l«*ast to the extent of saying that no new forces should be sent out for the present, is the rather sensational conclusion to which I have been forced after six weeks’ study of the missionary situation here. A grave crisis confronts the mis sions in Japan. How serious It is the -church people In America have no conception. That an open rupture between the missions and the Jap anese churches has been narrowly averted, and is still a dangerous pos- , sibility. is freely admitted on all sides. The gravity of the situation is recog nized by everybody concerned. It affects present religious conditions in the empire, but, more important still, it has a bearing upon the future of Christian missions in almost every country in the world The questions that are up for settlement here and now will constitute a precedent for all other mission lands. The very magnitude of the crisis lias sobered ail parties concerned, so that the blt ternees and hostilities which marked the earlier stages of the controversy are passing away, and on every sldo the extreme views are being modified. Japanese Churches Assert Themselves. The present tense situation has its tap root in the spirit of Japanese na «* -— 'divisions of American Christendom cannot he perpetuated here. The present enrolled membership of the Protestant churches of Japan, by the way, is about 55,000. the past year showing an apparent decrease— through an error, it is claimed, in the statistics. Long before the churches of American got together in New York in the Interchuroh Confer ence on Federation, there existed a soundly established foderal organiza tion here, “the Standing Committee of Co-operating Missions.” which has ef fected several practical results, in cluding the production of a common hymn hook for all the Japanese churches. Where the Conflict Comes. The paradoxical statement Is true, broadly speaking, that while the rela tions between the individual mission ary and the individual Japanese Chris tian have been cordial, the relations between the missions and the native churches have been strained. The crux of the question has been the control of the forces and the funds. The missionary and hts per sonal heiiters have worked in and for the local congregations, but the latter have had no control over them. The missionary is entirely outside the Ju risdiction of the native'church, lie works when and where and how he pleases, or as his mission directs. So, too. the evangelists employed by the missionary are governed In the matter of salary and labor entirely by the Missionaries on a Holiday. xionaiism. This people is exceedingly sensitive and proud. It resents with bitterness and sarcasm being called a “heathen” nation, and thus being classed with the natives of Africa and the South Sea Islands. Equally is it averse to remaining under foreign control and tutelage in its religious life. The sentiment which caused the abolition of extra-territorial political rights to foreigners, and which to this day leads the Japanese prints to speak of the foreign communities as "former settlements.” is keenly alive to what is felt to be an attitude of superiority on the part of the mission aries. Underlying the problem, also, Is the ingrained and ineradicable Anglo-Sax on sense of superority to other races. I myself have seen enough to warrant the belief that there is ground for the Japanese sensitiveness on this sub ject. Not all missionaries conduct themselves toward the Japanese preachers and Christians as toward a man. a brother and an equal. Such men are few. but they should be called home. Their usefulness here is ended, if it ever existed. To this at titude on the part of certain foreign ers may be traced the ecclesiastical Inconslderateness, not to say hostil Ity, of the Japanese. Missionaries not a few know as well as the native ministry what it Is to have their feel lugs hurt. Church Union Ahead of Homeland. The upshot of the matter Iiuh been the growth of self-governing Japan esc denominations. The largest of these is "The Church of Jesus Christ in Japan." which includes all the Pros. t»y*erian and Reformed bodies; there are hero none of the Presbyterian sub divisions that exist in America. Next in size comes the “Kumiai.” or Con gregatlonal churches, with whom will shortly lx? included the United breth ren and Methodist Protestants. The Japanese Methodist bodies—North, South and Canadian—have been seek ing consolidation. At first the mis sion boards across the wafer which are interposed obstacles to this union, objected, but the Japanese Metho dists spoke out so promptly and loudly that all barriers to the creation of one Methodist churcb In Japan have been removed. 'Hie Protestant Episcopal church and the Church of England have likewise Joined forces here. There is little doubt that this union movement will ( continue, the Congregationalists and the Presbyterians coalescing at an early date. Many predict a speedy union of all native churches into one Japanese Christian church. Certainly 1t I* t’~- consensus of opinion that the min..tc denominational ana sectarian missionary. When it has chanced that one of these evangelists has received a larger salary than the regular pas tor of the church itself, there has nat urally been feeling. It must be remembered that the missionary in Japan is not a pastor. He has no congregational duties and responsibilities, such as ordinarily are borne by a preacher in America. Ev ery congregation has its own native pastor and officers. These may con sult with the missionary, but he can not boss them. The preaching mis sionary's work is evangelistic; he pioneers Christianity Into new places. In this he Is assisted by evangelists, who work under his personal super vision. i ne money, nowever. is in the mis slonary’s control. Not all the churches, h.v any means, are seif supporting. They must look to America and Eng land for help. With the control of the money has gone, to a greater or less degree, a voice In the direction of the work. Right here comes the rub. The Japanese want to control the money, and in some caffes the missionary, too. T he talk is all of "ooo|»eration,” hut It is not a cooperation in which the missionary plays almoner. In fact, since the Japanese churches have their own mission boards they fee]_ or. at least, an outspoken wing of them f**e|—that the latter should have the entire administration of mission methods and money, with, of course, the full counsel of the missionaries The CongregatJonallsts have gone practically thus far. The 'Kumlai” are practically independent. The American board makes to them an annual grant of money for a specific term of years, at the end of which time, it is presumed, the churches will have become seif supporting. The en tire independency movement faces to ward the day when the Japanese churches will be “self-governing, self supporting and self-propagating.” The missionaries of the American Board very generally yield fhemseiveg to the counsel of their Japanese associates. One man told me the other day that, In council with the native pastors, they had assigned him his work for the coming year. He says that he finds this relation perfectly satisfac tory and that the altitude of the Jap anese is in no wise dictatorial, but that all are together seeking the one end of the work’s welfare The Japanese Type of Christianity. All tills is no mere racial jealousy. It goes deep. Are the Japanese quali fied for ecclesiastical self-government, as they have proved their fitness for political self government? Akin to this is the consideration whether a mission land is forever to remain a mission land, ncrtwsd by matslda agentdea. Tbs natiws church In Japan covers the entire empire. It has many self-supporting congregations. and powerful leaders not a few. It is said that in remote go rernment schools where there was cot a single Chris tlan. the students are nevertheless divided into Ucnaura and Ebana campa —these latter t»eing the names of the preachers who are the leaders of two parties in the churches, whose vigor ous newspaper controversies are fa miliar to a wide constituency. The Japanese church has an established tereign mission work of its own in | Formosa and Korea. 1 have been at pains to inquire as to the character of Japanese Christians. On all sides I hear that the Intelligent devotion of Japanese Christians to the central truths of Christianity la unquestioned. Whatever the outcome of the present controversy, the native church will remain loyal to the teach- ! ings whltih it lies had from the mis sionaries. I personally have seen con- I gregations of Christians here, of ser- ! oral denomination*! names, whose de votion and sincerity was apparcut to I any observe-. A ri|>er or more saintly character it would be hard to find than one old blind niun with whom 1 talked, who has been through long persecution for the sake of his faith Undoubtedly, too. Christianity has come to have a recognized place in the life of the nation. It Is a factor in the present thought and develop ment of Japan which no Japanese leader pretends to Ignore. Broadly s|ieaklng. there is now no hostility to Christianity; yet 1 yesterday saw one of the old edict boards which 60 years ago decorated the highway?, threat ening with death any one Accepting Christianity or harboring a Christian. All of the many Japanese writers and teachers with whom I have thus far talked freely concede at least an Im portant place In Japan's future to Christianity; while Christian authors, like Matsumura. confidently declare that It is bound to swallow up lludd hlsm and Shintoism. Japanese Chris tians are beginning to have their own schools and orphanages, supported by themselves, as well as their own re Ilgious books and periodicals. Why No More Missionaries. The foregoing is nn endeavor to give a clear glimpse of a situation thut seems to bo understood very slightly in America. Hack here one hears echoes of fervid reports of "Japan's Religious Awakening," ami "Japan's plea for missionaries." Over these I have seen old missionaries shake their heads. At the recent meeting of the Council of Missions ol the Presbyterian and Reformed churches which struggled with the present burning issues it was declared openly that no more new missionaries should be sent here until the present problematic situation has been ad justed. It may be that some men al ready here will have to return homo. To a mere observer it appears reason able that a man who lias been ir Japan many years without having learned the language, or acquired tho Japanese viewpoint, or attained sym pathetic and fraternal relations with the native ChriBtians, should consider himself called to some more congenial field of labor. A recent issue of "Mis sion News," a monthly published in Kobe in the interests of the Ameri can Board Mission, contained these striking sentences: "The time for extra-territorial’ Christianity in Japan is rapidly drawing to an end, if it is not already passed. Missions and mis sionaries are being tested. They have accomplished a mighty work in the past and it. is in their power to do even greater work in the present and immediate future. Will they meet the lest and rise to the opportunity that is theirs?" On this last point the JapnncHO are quite insistent. They say the new day demands a new kind of help from America. Instead of men to do preach ing and teaching—for which some as Bert there are now sufficient qualified Japanese—they want men of the char acter and calibre of President Charles Cuthbert Hall, of T'nlon Seminary. New York, who made a pronounced impression during his recent viiit to Japan. They want statesmanlike leaders, men of large culture, great learning and broad sympathies. The I test that America has in the way of teachers and pastors may profitably be sent to Japan to lead her native leaders and Inspire her native Inspir ers in trie meantime the majority of missionaries, as well as many Japan ese, declare that Japan still needs the missionaries. The native church Is not strong enough, either In men or money, to go St alone. Japanese preachers from outlying parts of the empire say frankly that this whole uproar Is a Tokio product, and they hint at the ambition of certain Tokio leaders to control the Japanese church. An Knglish misslonaiy told me that the control of funds could not be turned over to Japanese until tbe lat ter. as a nation, have b-arned new Ideas of trusteeship. He el?ed the ease of a treasurer who used trust funds to pay his father's debts, saying naively that his obligations to his father took preeedence to all other ob ligations. On the othor hand, some missionaries assert that sueh charger, are the mere race prejudice of the white man. Out of the confusion of hundreds of conflieting opinions upon this all ab sorbing topic of Japanese ecclesiastic al independence, 1 have, gathered at least one conviction, namely, that so : long as the present state of uncer- ! I tatnty and turmoil exit's, the Amerl 1 i can missionary organ!..it Ions world j Jo well to send no more young preach : era to Japan, although the Qeld for i onordalned teachers Is large [purely feminine! PONGEE SILK WAIST MOST POPULAR AND DRESSY OF MATERIALS. Texture Ha* Many Advantages the Woman Who Knows How to Dress Will Be Quick to Recognize. Waists of pongee silk will bo very much in demand for various reasons. In the tirst place, the color is so well suited to tho prevailing gowns and tho natural straw hats, uud the mate WAYS OF WEARING VEIL. Several New Ones Are In Vogue at the Present Time. I hr box plaited topknot to the wed ding veil i« now the accepted fad of tnshion. Most often the upturning plaits are arranged in the form of u coronet, but agifin they are narrowed together into one square, upturning bunrli of plaits, which shall have the effe«-t almost of a Spanish comb. I hese plaits are held in place by either a wreath of flowers or a tiara. I he last, even of diamonds, is worn by the bride who is fortunate enough to possess one. Miss Florence Flower, now Mrs. Pierre I^orillard Harhey, married not long ago, had her veil of i mallnea, held by a gorgeous diamond iara. It was first box plaited at the crown of the head. Sometimes the hair is waved in the new. high stand- ( Ing Parisian waves, which build the ( coiflurc up high. The dainty flower wreath is laid around Mils, and then the mass of mallne box plaits is built up from the back to surmount tho crown of the head, like the number less heavy headdresses that are worn. One advantage about this style Is that It certainly gives the bride height should she need it. For tin* bride who prefers the wide pompadour the veil may be draped in a small bow or sort of double little puff or rosettes laid flat on the crown of the head and intertwined with her flowers. For the girl who wears the Greuzo coiffure, who wears already a ribbon of white tide or gauze inter threaded in her hair, with one or dou ble rosettes near her ears, the veil tnay be simply attached under this coiffure. Young women who affect tills coiffure—of course. It is only suit aide for the most girlish type—have a shell hairpin with a hole near the end like a needle for threading the gauze ' ribbon through. A HOMEMADE ROSETTE. Easily Made Affair That Will Help the Slipper. It Is the ambition of every girl and young woman to own some of the dainty satin suede slippers In white or gay colors that are now so much in vogue. But, unfortunately, to the av erage woman these slippers, especial ly where It. Is necessary to have a number of them to match different gowns, prove an expensive luxury far beyond the reach of a moderate al lowance. One thrifty young person, however, not to be daunted by obstacles, has hit upon a way of providing herself with the most up-to-date looking slip pers at a minimum cost. Hhc buys a perfectly plain pair of suede slippers of good f-hape, but destitute of bow or buckle, at less than half the cost of I he decorated ones, and then proceeds to trim them herself with the new knotted ribbon rosettes which are seen on all the high-class dancing slip pers. These rosettes are so easy to make lhat any girl can concoct them. Buy seven yarda of ribbon about half an Inch wide and the exact shade of the •Upper. Divide It In two parts, and rial washes and wears splendidly. Again, the cost is not prohibitive, and the silk Is always more dressy than niuslin and does not crush and soil as quickly. The pongee silk waist shown here is the-latest model, and one that Is just appearing In the shops. It shows the present popular pleated Jabot and pleated cuff effect. The collar is detachable and has an ample band to permit of the high turn down linen collar being worn with It, The cost Is about five dollars. The lingerie gown has become abso lutely necessary to the woman of taste who does not s|>end her sum mers in the urctlc regions. Certainly for the city, the seashore and the mountains, for street wear, for par ties, picnics nhd dances a lingerie gown Is an essential part of the ward robe. Mercerized batiste is the ma terial In favor at present. It comes in different shudes of white, cream and pale tints of blue, pink, yellow and lavendar. The styles are usually the one-piece or princess effect, becoming to most figures, and the gowns are so made as to bo easily altered if they do not tit exactly. The illustration has panels of tuck ed batiste edged with Valenciennes in sertion. The Valenciennes runs around the points of the tucking, and the skirt is finished with tucks of the material. The wnlst shows tucking and scroll effect In lace, with medal lions of filet lace. And the same Idoa Is carried out In the decoration of the sleeves. Another design has a yoke of filet lace, edged with beading and scroll work of Valenciennes, with small tucked insertions. There is a deep yoke of lace and beading over the hips and the drc‘ss is finished with al ternate bands of lace and tucks around tho edge of the skirt, reaching to the knees. rut each half Into two-inch pieces. Tie each of these short pieces in a loose knot directly In the middle and fold the piece over ho the two ends come together and the knot is on top. Then cut out a round piece of crino I’ne and sew the knotted pieces on it, beginning at the outer edge and working in toward the center until a full, pretty rosette is made. This should then be sewed securely to the top of the slipper. It Is surprlsi »g how such a simple little affair will Improve a cheap, new slipper, or freshen up an old pair, eVen one thut lias been discarded aa having seen ts best days. Roses on Blouses. Fashion now commands her de votees to wear flowe.'s in profusion, not only on hats but on lace. The newest Parisian lace hlouaes bear painted rambler roses, in color ap proaching a pure pink. The deeper carmine of the gurden frarlety also Is seen. Ruckles representing tiny garden flowers are novelties In millinery trim mings. They are placed straight across the front of a mushroom hnt, forget-me-nots, pinks and violets be ing used. Anothoi novelty consists of minute wreaths of flowers linked to gether to form a chain which encircles the crown of a wide brimmed hat. Yes, It Is clear the fashionable mil liners do not recognize anything ex cept youth In their customers. It is not of the slightest consequence If the marks of time are accentuated by the proximity of bright colors The edict of the milliner Is: "Taka what we give you, or leave It. And. leaving it, you are hopelessly out of fashion." Block Quilt. Here Is a pieced sample of a quilt which some of your readers have been asking for. I have not seen It in any paper as yet. Thought the ladle* would think It strange that I did not send It In after I had written about It. f have seen several inquiries about It lately.—Alberta. The High Sandal. The new footwear Is nothing lest than faHclnating. and not the least In terestlng Item is tho high sandal, which partakes of all the most charm ing characteristics of tho low shoe and the high boot. The hack and sides are like the ordinary boot, while the front Is cut In many little straps, each with Its own particular decorations of bows, buckles or beading. Tan and all shades of brown shoes are popular al nrmst to the exclusion of black and are worn with costumes of all oolore. ; ' ' -> 'Ty ■ • ,v '*•' T'' iuamtM wo moftroom caa J. H. MEEK, ATTORNEY AT LAW, iWAYNC, W. VA. — —■ . i . ———« I 4. B. OIESKE, Architect, Cbrrdo, W. ?4* Office at Hoard Brick. W. w. marcum; Attorney-at- Uw( Cbrrdo, W. Va, VtllprMtt«*u>n lb* •onrtaefW.kl ■•▼a and l.k*rtaM county. Hr . J. G. GEIGER. M. D» —practice limited to— Eye, Ear, Nose and Throat* I Cor. 9th St. and 4th At*., Huntington, • • W. Ta* DANIEL WRIGHT, Painter f Paper H angel Ceredo, W. Vr. a^Work dona In tba b««t ityllMd# •aaoaakla priaaa. Palata and Wall Pan# tor aala. W. H. ADKINS, THE BARBER, GUARANTEES HI8 WORK * TOOIVi ENTIRE SATISFACTION# Oo to bla rhop and tat a alaaa abaoe an# a atea hair ent and ron will look to* feed# ?ouu|«r. Ihop near oornar ar**#>'aad Mai# ■treats,OsrstJo, W. Va. T. T. McDOUGAL. Fire and Life India* ranee Agent, CBBKOO, W. VA. Represents Strong nod Rdllabl# Fir* oompauia* nod no old-lib# Life company that giv«s )arg# dividend* end ieauea splendid p£ ioiea. *1 ^^k MM Caveats, and Trade-Marts obtained, aad al hk ent business aaaducted for moocratc rata. Our Office »«OAfoerTt o. S. RavererOmaf snd we can aecurs patent la lees Usee thaaUkeea remote from Washington. i Send mo/el, drawing or phote., wtth deeeetfo ! Mon. Wo adrlse. if patentable or not, free ad charge. Our fee not due till peuntle Moored. ! A Ramamlct, "How to Obtain Patent*,” wtb ! coat of same In the U. S. end foreigneeeaufoe aent free. Addreae, C.A.SNOW&CO, • os* rstkwv Office, waeNiMovoR, u. O. | * ««*ed - - - . i.l Canulen Interstate Railway 'Company Tor (Of«^nm**t Ml laforMilloi «f Mptmd only. Not an Adrortiootnant of tho tlmoof cira Tho Company raaorvoo tho right to ateaagg vltkont ootloo. STATIONS. '.wurwin Haatlogtoo. LV. lohnaoo’a Lam “ Control Cliy * Corodo • Oakland A*#.. CM. • M ttiboll'o ** Clrffaalda Porta, » DUmond, “ A ah land, AS •AATtaana. A ah load, LV, DIavroo^i illy ffoaldo Pam ** Mltchoiro • Oakland AtaGtk “ Onrado, • Control City, * Johaaan’a Cana, • II ant lag ion Q1RR0RDIURT OFFER. ; WE WILL 8KND TH* CINCINNATI DAILY POST ONE YEAR ( pnc* $3 00) AND THE ADVANGe (prio* $1.00) BOTH FOR ONLY $2.50 -IF THIS OFFER 18 ACCEPTED AT OBOE. Fire Insurance to tho thMpMt and boat aocnrftp ft man oaa bay. It tarn* him fromi worrt, parbapa from rain aod bln family from want. Tba rataa arm ■ot vary high. I will bn plaaaad tm give tbam to any on* who wlU mat in aod talk tba mat war oaov. Onlm •afa ooinpanin* raprnano tod. T. tU UoDotttak QftUI^ W. Va.