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THE CEREDO ADVANCE.
T. T. McDOUQAL, Publisher. CEREDO. - - WEST VIRGINIA. The Immigration Commission. A commission which recently sailed for Europe is now, and for a consider able part of the summer will be, en gaged in making the most exhaustive study of the whole matter of immigra tion that the United States has ever undertaken. The commission, author ized by the immigration bill passed by the last congress, consists of three senators, three members of the house of representatives, and three citizens appointed by the president. Begin ning with Italy, they will visit all the principal points of departure in Eu rope. Special study will be given to the emigration laws of all the Euro pean countries, the methods of exam ining emigrants tefore embarkation, the character and occupations of the regions from which the larger num ber of people come to America, and all the other matters which may serve . to improve the handling of the immi gration problem at the present time, and to furnish a basis for intelligent legislation in the future. In the mat ter of the admission of diseased or in digent aliens, there is even now little ground for complaint, says Youth’s Companion. The present laws are efficient, and on the whole well en forced. The great need is the devel opment of a system by which the steady and never-lessening stream may be directed, not to the crowded centers which it naturally seeks, but to those arid fields which it will fer tilize and fructify. For this, accurate first-hand knowledge, such as the com mission will attempt to gather, is in dispensable. What Japan May Teach. Japan, alone among nations, has given the world an example of how a people can throw off the shackles of an oppressive autoeraey and endow itself with ail the safeguards of liberty pnd justice under a constitutional form of government, without going.through the terrible struggles and devastation of bloody revolutions, by following along the paths of peaceful evolution. Japan is the land of liberty, civil and religious. Her religious liberty is even far in advance of nations who pride themselves upon this most pre cious of national virtues. Her people have no prejudices based upon reli gious or ecclesiastical grounds, and all men of every church and creed are free and equal to worship their God In accordance with the dictates of their own conscience in the fullest and widest acceptation of the meaning of religious liberty. Japan, which has learned much from the west, has even more to teach the west, declares Os car Straus, secretary of commerce and labor, in Leslie's. Persistency, self control and preparedness are among her national qualities: her officers ex emplify the highest skill united with the utmost patriotism: her soldiers, while reckless in their bravery in sac rificing their own lives, are uniformly humane even to their enemies, and no nation is served by a more competent diplomatic body—men of reliability Judgment and moderation. A tramp has beaten all known rec ords by swimming 27 miles in 30 min utes. He did not mean to do It. He merely tried to steal a ride from St Louis to Chicago on the rear of a loco motive tender. When the train start ed he fell over backward, through the open manhole. Into th-* water tank. The noise of the train drowned bis cries for help, and he was obliged to swim until the first stop was reached, at Alton. When taken out he was nearly dead, but the engineer wan so unfeeling as to call his attention to the fact that the water was only four feet deep, and he might have stood up. The conductor, also unfeeling, asked him for his ticket, but the tramp said h6 had not come by rail, but by water. Visitors to Japan are usually Im pressed with the many curious use? to which fans are put The umpire at wrestling and fencing matches uses a large fan. the various motions of which constitute a language that the combatants understand and promptly heed. Men and children, as w<-ll a* women, use fans at. all times. The servant has a flat fan, made of rough paper, to blow the Charcoal fires with, or use as a dustpan. The farmer has a stout fan to winnow his grain. 8tll) another variety is made of waterproof paper, which, dipped In water, creates h pleasant coolness hy evaporation without wetting the clothes. Although Columbus never saw the mainland of North America, he Is to be honored with a monument In Wash ington. Congress has appropriated a hundred thousand dollars for the pur pose, and the commission appointed to spend the money met the other day to select a site and a design. The New York Herald reports that there are 198,000 young widows in that city. What can be the matter? Are they unable to earn enough to f ipport husbands? REJECTION OF KING SAUL STORY BY THE "HIGHWAY AND BYWAY” PREACHER 8cripture Authority:—1. Sam., chap* tar 15. 8ERMONETTE. j There Is peril in desiring J what God has told us utterly to < destroy. J Saul’s war orders were to de- < stroy utterly the Amalekites and all they had, but in the pre sumption and pride of his will ful heart he modified these or ders to meet the desire of him self and the people with him. Th victorious kings of the na tions about brought back their captives of war as token of their valor, and why should not he? They took of the spoil of the enemy and made votive offer ings to their gods; why should not he? Why should not he? Be cause God’s orders were plain and explicit, and to disobey was soul madness. "The soul that doeth aught presumptuously (or, with an high hand, as the margin has it), the same reproacheth the Lord; and that soul shall be cut off from among his peo ple.” David cried, having In mind perhaps the shipwreck which Saul had made of his life, "Keep back thy servant aiso from pre sumptuous sins, let them not have dominion over me.” There is a tendency to-day, and a fatal one, too, of qualify ing God’s Word to the level of human standards. It is no long er. “thus saith the Lord,” and I must needs obey, nay, I dare not disobey. It is a getting away from the spirit and the letter of the law and the perform ance of such portion of the Di vine Word as is convenient and consistent with the other de mands of the life and heart. Peter, in the tenth verse of the second chapter of his sec ond epistle draws the picture of the presumptuous man of the Saul stripe. He says he walks "after the flesh in the lust of uncleanliness, and de spises government” other than that of hie own self will. "I have performed the com mandment of the Lord.”_"I have sinned.” It is hard to rec oncile these two statements of Saul. In the blindness of his willful heart he will not see his wrong-doing. He belongs to that class who "having eyes | sees not, and having ears, hear > not." The unrepentant sinner j ever seeks to justify himself. j But as Samuel presses home ) his accusation, and uncovers the ! enormity of his sin by throwing | the bright light of God’s word » upon it Saul hears and trem J bles, and falteringly admits: "I f have sinned.” It is a confession of guilt which brings with it no sense of repentance. It is that confession of guilt which comes from a dawning sense of loss of human friendship and material gain. It was not so much a concern with Saul as to how he stood In the sight of God as It was how he stood with the | prophet Samuel. His cry is i not one of forgiveness, but j “honor me now I pray thee, be > fore the elders of my people, | and before Israel, and turn i again with me, that I may wor \ ship the Lord.” ; Let us be watchful that we , fall not Into presumptuous sin, • and let us not be blind to sin i of heart and life, but let us free J *y "confess our sin, for he It , faithful and just to forgive us [ our sin and cleanse from all | unrighteousness." THE STORY. SAlTL. the king of Israel, returned to his home at Olbeah not like a con quering hero, but as one who has met some great rebuff and disap pointment. In sullen silence he re ceivec! the praise of the people as they shouted the triumphs of the battle with the Amalekltes and retold to one another how the enemy had been ut terly overthrown. King Aeag taken and the best of the spoil carried bark 1 for offering to their Ood. In fact, such was the depression of the king, i that the people asked one another: "What alleth Saul? Hath he not won a great victory for the lx>rd?" And while the king sought the seclu sion of his own house, denying himself i to even his closest friends, the peo ple discussed the situation. "They do say,” said one of a group, 1 "that Samuel, the prophet, hath re buked him." "Yes," responded another, with an air of superior knowledge, “one who was present at nilgai whe n Samuel ! 'ame there to find the king told me that the prophet was offended with Saul because he took King Agag alive and because- the soldiers took of the spoil. It seems that Samuel had given command that the Amalekltes were to he utterly destroyed, togetb «r with thejr foods." a "But did not tile people talk of »h# spoil to make offering to the Lord, and surely the bringing of Agag back was but the rightful trophy of a ten queror,” exclaimed another of the group. "Hut Samuel <hd not think so. evi dently, for in great anger he slew Agag. and would take no part in the offerings which King Saul had caused to be made to the Ixjrd.” Various exclamations followed this piece of news, and the speaker went on to say: “In fact, Samuel hath returned to his abode at Hamah in high dudgeon, refusing to hold converse with any upon the way, and it is said by those who have reason to know that ,;inoo his return home the prophet hath ceased not to mourn day nor night over this matter.*' "Well, well, to what a pass we have come,’’ exclaimed one of the group who up to this time had remained si lent and who was known as a close friend of the king. “Our king de spairs because of the rebuke of the prophet." "Thou wouldst not speak lightly of the word of the prophet Samuel.” came a reproving voice from the far side of the group, followed by several approving nods and exclamations. “Nay,” quickly responded the other, “far be It from me so to do, but should we not seek to cheer our .king in the hour of his trouble? Surely he hath wrought valiantly for hin people In the utter destruction of the Amale kites." There was instant response to this suggestion and steps were at onco taken to bring an offering to the king and to assure him of their continued loyalty. i hus It was that a few days later a deputation of. the people of GIbeah came to Saul who recelvod them gra ctousiy and seemed greatly refreshed by their kindly words and by their gifts, but the sting and kntart of Sain uel's words still remained, and after they had gone he lapsed into his sul len demeanor. One day Saul confided to one of bis friends that he was troubled because Samuel came not to see him. “What will the irution think If the prophet come no mor«* to see me as formerly?” asked Saul with troubled look. “Why do you not send an earnest entreaty to him that he come?” ques tioned his friend. “Hut how dare I w-hen no word has come to me from him since he turned fiom me in anger there at Gilgal?” “Let me go, and I will entreat for thee,” responded hig*’ friend, earn estly. “Go, then, and may thy way be prospered.” A week later Saul was sitting alone in his dwelling. The messenger to the prophet had not yet returned, for the prophet had refused to re ceive him or to send any word back to Saul. Anxiously day after day Saul had watched and waited, in the seclu sion of his home. “It is small matter to make such ado over,” ho muttered to himself. “What is that you say, father?” spoke up his son Jonathan, who at that moment entered the room. He had felt the dejection of his father, and had sought by every means in his power to cheer him. He did not have a clear understanding of his fa ther’s trouble, not having been at Gilgal at the time of the meeting w’ith the prophet and the common talk throughout the kingdom did not reach his ei.rs for the reason that the people feared to talk freely with him on account of his father. And. fur thermore, his father did not show any desire to enlighten him, and hence he was much pfizzled. and scarcely knew how to approach his father. However, he had lingered near him, with anxious, loving solicitude, and when he had heard his father speak ing he had entered the room and now stood at his father’s side waiting for him to reply. "I said." responded his father, petu lantly rising and shaking his great form as though he was casting from him some Irksome burden and would have no more of It, “I said, it is a small matter to make such ado over,” and then moved by some strange Im pulse, he told the whole story to his son, ending by repeating the words which he had Rpoken at the begin ning, only putting them in the form of a question: iio you not think It a small matte; to make so much ado over?” A troubled, pained look crept over the noble features of the handsome youth, and It was plain to see thnt he hesitated to speak what, was in his heart. ‘Well, hoy, speak,” savagely crkd the father, suddenly losing control < f himself, as though some evil spirit had seized him. Jonathan was startled by the sud den outburst, but rerovering himself, h<- turned appealingly to his father! saving: ‘ llut, father. Is It a small matter to disobey God? Surely, if thou wilt repent, the Ixird will forgive.” “Repent! Repent!! Repent!!!” shouted the now fairly "nraged rnarJt with rising voire. “What have I to repent of? Have not I fared danger and death In battle doing (he rom mand of the fg.rd? TUd I in saving Agag and In taking the spoil do more than is the right of a king and a ron queror? Get. thee from my sight, for thou hast also entered into league against thy father. 1 care not that the prophet comes not to see me. Is not Saul king'of Israel?" And from that day Saul was a changed man. and an evil spirit took possession of him. Chiefly the mold of a man’s for* tune is in his own buds.—Bare®. IS NOT FAIR PLAY NEW TARIFF DEAL WITH GER MANY SHARPLY CRITICIZED. | It Not Only Permits the Chesting of the Revenues by Undervaluation, but Also Enables Foreigners to Undermine American Producers in the American Market. It Is gratifying to find so influential a newspaper as the Chicago Tribune arrayed on the side of fair play and square play In connection with the new German agreement. Additionally | gratifying it is to have the view of I the American Economist regarding the mischief and the foliv of that agreement so thoroughly agreed with by the Tribune. Again It is gratify ing that the Cedar Rapids Republican has arrived at the truth through the Tribune, after having hesitated to ac cept Identically the same truth as promulgated through the Economist several weeks in advance of the Tribune. We are delighted to find that the truth, through whatsoever channel, has at last penetrated to Cedar Rapids. The main thing is that the truth has got there. The over zeal which insists upon a prompt procla mation of the truth Is surely no less pardonable than the under zeal which hesitates in accepting a truth when It is as plain as the nose on a mac's j face. The Chicago Tribune, albeit no fer vent friend of protectionism, and far from partial to the so-called "stand patters,” shows a clear comprehen sion of what is the true substance of our new dicker with Germany. The Tribune is not fooled by the peanut concessions authorized in section 3. It knows better than to suppose that this paltry consideration is all that Germany obtains in return for her generous condescension in marking down to normal rates a tariff schedule previously marked up for that very purpose. It knows that what Germany was after, and what Germany gets under the agreement, was such a nullification of our cus toms laws and methods of adminis tration as would permit the wholesale undervaluation of German exports consigned to German agents in the United States. Fully aware is the Tribune that there is no virtue in the clause requiring that the goods shall be for export only and not such as are sold in the home country except in limited quantities only. In order to defeat this restriction, says the Trib une: "All the German manufacturer has to do is to put up a staple article in an unusual form and refrain from selling It in that shape in the domes : tic market. It immediately becomes i an article for export only, and the manufacturer fixes his own price, which under the convention cannot be attacked either by our consuls or by ! customs appraisers at the port of ar j rival, no matter what may be its ac tual value.” Every competing country will claim and sooner or later be granted similar license to send to the United States special brands of goods manufactured for export only. In every compet ing country manufacturers will, as the 1 ribune says, fix tAHr own export prices on everything they export to the l nited States. Well may the C’edar Rapids Republican exclaim: ! ^ almost past comprehension how such a blunder could have oc curred. If what the Tribune has set forth be true, the United States has [ virtually said to Europe: Here i3 our tariff law; make your own reductions. ’ In other words, fix the schedules to i suit yourselves.” Yes; this is precisely what our gifted state department, backed up by our acquiescent treasury department, has said to the manufacturers of Eu j tope. 1 hey have said more than that and worse than that. They have said to the governments of the world: First mark up your tariffs on Ameri can exports, and we will then mark down our own tariff as an inducement for you to put your tariff back where they were before you marked them up on us. Evidently the era of Amerl ' an tariff making for Americans is past. Hereafter foreigners are t<, de termine what our tarifT shall he. The results, as affecting American labor and industry, of the universal under ! v*lualion of goods for export to the Fnlted States need not he speculated upon. Industrial disaster will go hand in hand with national humilia i ion. American Economist. Has Learned Nothing, • Mr. Cleveland thinks the tariff should he the great issue for the Democrats to bring to the front next year. The. ex-president Is 70 years , old. He lives in the past and has 1 learned nothing since he left the hite House. He imagines that the j ,MUe* That Interested him then ere | fiti!I alive and that people are think ing now pretty much as they thought then. That was long ago. A great deni lias happened since, but Mr Cleveland has had no hand in it and thinks the country should get iiack and take up the work where he left it Both Bryan and Hearst have come to the front since Mr. Cleve land s time, hut he scarcely recog nizes them, though they represent fen Democrats where he represents one. 0rover Is an excellent fisherman on a pond, where he can get a good seat, but not much In quick water, where he has to wade-Northampton (Mass.) Gazette. •TAB AT PROTECTIVE SYSTEM. What Recent Agreement with Ger many Amounts to. In declaring that "the arrangement with Germany Is a violation of the principles«of the protective tariff sys tem” the Washington Post states a fact of importance. It is true, as the Post avers, that the foundation stone of protectionism is that the United States shall treat afl countries alike, and that "tbe agreement just made^is not Justitied If the protective system is to be continued." The agreement with Germany con templates larger opportunities for the admission of competitive products in the United States. Either it means that, or it means nothing. We do not suppose that the shrewd diplomats of Germany have been putting in their time reaching an agreement whicl means to German producers no more than the petty an inconsequential con cession relating to argols. vermouth, sparkling wines, statuary, etc. Paltry dickers like this do not take so much time. It was the privilege of under valuing their exports that the Ger mans wanted and got. Just now our gifted state depart ment and our acquiescent treasury de partment are busily engaged in trying to show’ that the permission to fix their own values is not going to do the Germans any good or American Industry and labor any harm. Then why was the permission graoted? Was a law’ of congress distorted out of shape and nullified to no purpose? It is silly to suppose it. The Post is right. The German agreement is an underhanded stab at the protective tarlfT system. This agreement must of necessity be extended to all com peting nations—all except Great Britain, the nation that deserves most at our hands. So, If the agreement stands protection must fall. Nothing is plainer than that. STILL NEED OF PROTECTION. Outory of Chicago Journal Is Unsup ported by the Facts. “The Dingley tariff has been in ef fect for ten years. In that time our ‘infant' industries have had all the protection they need. In many cases too much protection for the good of the people.”—Chicago Journal. Is that so? And how about the Journal's subscription and advertis ing patronage? Both have been the beneficiaries of the era of prosperity that exists in this country on account of the Iflngley tarifT. Does the Jour nal think it has got to a point where it can get along without prosperity? Has it a notion that American indus tries can go on paying the highest wages ever known and employing full quotas of workmen in competition with the cheap labor of Europe? If it does, it is luboring under a delusion. The removal of the protective princi ples of the tarifT would instantly ex pose the industries of this country to the inroads of foreign goods made at starvation wages, and no matter how strong and prosperous an institution is, it cannot long withstand such a corroding influence on its business. Wages would have to be lowered, quality of articles cheapened and money withdrawn from investment in unprofitable concerns. Anyone with common sense can figufe out the ulti mate result of such a condition. With all due respect to the Journal for a most excclleqt but misguided news paper, the intelligent people of lfc<; country do not propose to do away with the protective tariff and let down the bars to panic and busine;* stagnation.—Burlington Hawbey<» PRACTICAL APPLICATION OF THE PERSONAE NON GRATAE PRINCIPLE. . y' 1L . _ it Is hereby understood.*’ says the new German agreement, "that the general principle as to persona: gratae fhall apply to special agents confidential agents and others sent by the treasury department to investi gate questions hearing upon customs administration.'* What will happen should these officials become personae non gratae because of overzeal In the matter of ascertaining true values ol Herman exports is graphically sug Rested In the above Illustration. Seeing a Light. In a fetter to the Philadelphia Rep. ord. \lr. A B. Farquhar. an uncom promising free trader, bears testi mony to the sincerity of the demand of the manufacturers for fnritT redue Mon at the earliest |w>ssil>Ie moment, and also for a general system of rec iprocity in competing products. "Our manufacturers have begun to see light,' says .Mr. Farquhrr. Perhaps they have. But (hey will see more light when tariff ripping and all round competition under so-called reciproc ity shall have been Established. In that light they will readily recognize themselves as having foolishly dug away the ground from under their own feet and landed In a hole. -- -)-: MADE >A NEW PABHION. deed Joke flayed In Old Days m Would-Be Fashionable. > _ Old Camden, In his “Remains,*’ tells a good story of a trick played by a knight udon a would-be fashionable shoemaker. Sir Philip Calthrop purged John Drakes, the shoemaker of Norwich In the time of King Henry VIII., of the proud humor which our people have to be of the gentlemen's cut. This knight bought as much Has French tawny cloth as should make him a gown, and sent it to the tailor's to be made. John Drakes, a shoe maker, coming to this tailor’s and see ing the knight’s gown cloth lying | there, bid the tailor buy cloth of the same price and pattern and make It of the same fashion as the knight’s. Not long after the knight, coming in to the tailor to be measured for his gown, and perceiving the like cloth lying there, asked whose it was. “John Drakes', the shoemaker, who • will have it made of the self-same fashion that yours is made of." “Then make mine as full of cuts as the shears will make it!" John Drakes had no time to go for his gown till Christmas day, when be meant to wear it. Perceiving the same to be full of cuts, he began to swear at the tailor. “I have done naught but wnat you bid me,” quoth the tailor, "for as Sir Philip Calthrop's garment is. even so have I made yours." “By my latehet!” quoth John Drakes, “I will never wear gentlemen's fashions again!"—Condon T. P.’s Weekly. The Psychological Moment. The fact that Priam was closeted with the adjuster did not prevent Cas sandra from dropping in to say that she had told him just how it would be. “She was all I saved,” murmured the burnt-out monarch, jerking his thumb at the retiring prophetess. “Say no more.” rejoined the other. "We’ll call the loss total, and if 1 could make It any more than that, old man. I’d do It, under the circumstances.” This incident shows the value of a word spoken at the right time.—Puck. Sad Disappointment. A verdant-looking old fellow recent ly entered the office of a down-town woman’s exchange, and after a mo ment’s hesitation inquired of the lady in charge: “Is this here the Woman’s Exchange?” “It Is,’’ replied the lady. “Well,” continued the countryman, somewhat sheepishly, “I’d like to swap off my old woman for ’most anybody you happen to have on band.’’—Lip pincott's Magazine. __ __ • Accounted For. Among the many stories told of the Scottish judge. Lord Young, Is one as sociated with an election in Edin burgh. when it was announced that Lord Wolmer had been returned by a majority of three votes. Later a cor rection made the majority 300. and gave the names of two lords of ses sion who had voted for the successful candidate. Lord Y’oung, thereupon re marked: “That accounts for the two ciphers.” Flow of Artesian Well. To calculate the rate of flow of an artesian well a simple plan is to lower a bottle of aniline fluid to a depth o! say 500 feet and then electrically ex plode a cap to burst the bottle. The time required for the fluid to appear at the surface gives an accurate gauge as to the velocity of flow. It is claimed that this method gives results as ac curate as a weir. The diameter of the pipe being known, the rate of flow readily follows. If a man is Incompetent he usually charges it to bad luck. i ne nest or absolutely water proof clothing for ail out door men—stock men. farm ers, teamsters, miners, etc. Jtoo'tbuyncarment with out it hears Hawyer'a Kictl slor nrand. , If your dealer does not have "H* wv gRa” semi to us ^ for catalogue and prices. ; H. M SAWYER & SON. East Cambridge. Msgs SICK HEADACHE [ Positively cured by these Little Pills. They ftNo roller* Dn irmafroni l)**pop«i,t, in* •Iliro^ilonaiiilToo fl*.<rt y V ttiiJt'- A perfect rt ni o>ly for T)./zincs, Nau* -on, Dn.-,vsin*s«, p,) Ta- teln lie Mouth, Cost* e l T. Us’i'O, Pain m ilm I s .rtf, TORPID LI VI R. I They rciftlirtiu the Dowels. Purely V*>tetnbie. SMALL Hit, SMALL DOSE, SMAll PRICE, Genuine Must Bear Fac-Simile Signature REFUSE SUBSTITUTES. HICKS’ lCAPUDINE fw IMMEDIATELT CU1E5 A Headaches and Indigestion m iiteiMUJtns iiiTtumw*