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T. T. McDOUGAL, Publisher. OKREDO, - - WEST VIRGINIA. VV ' ■ » Construction of Cement Houses. Mr. Edison promises an ornate eon Crete house. 20x40 feet and three stories high, in the n“ar future for a thousand and fifty dollars. The house Is surh as commonly sells in the cities for from four to eight thousand do! lars. according to the locatim and value of the land. The thoiis.mil dol lars. of course, does not include tlie cost of the land. According to Mr. Edison, the house ran be built in 12 hours after the molds are set up, and it will take only 12 hours or so to put the molds in position. After six days the concrete will have set so that the molds can be removed, and in six days more Mr. Edison says that the walls will be so dry that the* house “will probably lie ready for occupancy " If he can make good these promises, re marks the Youth's Companion, a new record in house-building will be estab lished. After all. Mils is not the kind of house tor a poor man to build in tho country, for the molds will cost $25, 000, and the machinery for pumping the cement Into them will cost $lf».<)00 more, making an investment of $ 10. 000. Llut where houses are to be built In long rows, as in the large cities, a coinpHuv with sufficient capi tal might not only make money for Itself, but provide fire proof houses ■for those of moderate means at about half the cost of those now built of brick. An English writer, in discussing the smoke nuisance, declares that the la bor it entails through the spread of dust and soot, the darkening of tho aky and the injury of fabrics, furni ture and other property are not the chief evils. A smoky atmosphere, ho ~»ys, has a deleterious effect ou the human organism and shows its influ ence in nervous debility and a stunted life, vitally, mentally and morally. It is most especially productive of dis eases of the bronchial tubes. It is not tiecessary to wait Tor patent smoke ronsumui s. lie says, since almost complete combustion can be obtained by prop* r stoking. These statements are not new, but cannot be too often repeated Since so many authorities agree that smoke is Injurious to health It would seem that tlie enforce ment of tlie smoke ordinance right fully belongs to tho department of public health. ThiH same British writer estimates that 1n London 42 per cent, of the fuel used is wasted by careless firing. If owners of chim neys could once be convinced of the extent of this wastefulness reform would be more rapid as a matter of economy. Col. Goethals, bead of tlio Panama canal commission, has recommended and President Roosevelt has approved an important change of plan which will mean much in the way of econo my and improved efficiency. The al teration w’Jl consist of constructing the dams and locks on the Pacific side four miles further inland than was in contemplation. The advantages claimed as certain to accrue from this change are numerous. Among them may he mentioned the fact that tho work can be done at an estimated saving of $10,000,000. It is also as serted Hint much better foundations can be found at the new- Hite, where there will be no difficulty in getting down to lied rock; that the change jierniits better defense, and that the work can be done more expeditiously Than if the old plan had been carried out. The eiiange is on© which tho president reserved the right to make, and as it appears to b** unquestion ably in the public interest and in tho direction of better, more rapid and more economical work or, the canal there is no doubt it will have popular approval. N>w York Hiy Is afflicted with a plague of tramp*. the holmes having drifted In to f in h an extent that thf> accommodation* afforded by the- mu nIHpal fr*>• ' hotels'* have- been ?! x*-d beyond their capacity. The winter usually nee* an influx of the kind, and this year It is excejrt lonally hire mainly, it i* Intimated, because \.*w Yf»rk is recognized by the tramp fra ternity a* •easy/* \ plan to have the vagrants kept at work breaking stone or In fitlier says is under discussion It I* strange thM something of tin •ort has not be**n proposed before There is nothing that will Impel a tramp to move on more expeditiously than knowledge that a town will not permit hlrn to subsist at its expense la lazy Idleness A southern Judge go* * on r& r,T(\ u staying that the negro is a savage. In view of the custom of southern white men of hanging negroes first and In vestigating their guilt or fonoceno hater the black mao m.ght return the compliment. f’hlcago university authoritlee now 4glve out tb»f the institution is likely to become self-supporting In the near guture. Almost any one of us who had •S3,000,000 in taxable propei ty would Venture on the line daring assertion. h BRYAN HAS THE GRIP I Will the Tide Recede or Rise? ARMY’S GOOD WORK COUNTRY HAS REASON TO BE PROUD OF ITS SOLDIERS. Arduous Duties in the Philippines Per- I formed Faithfully and Well—De velopment of Filipino Force Has Turned Out Well. There Ik a touch of pride in that part df Secretary Taft's report on Philip pine conditions in which he recounts the work of tlie United States army. He has been one of the strongest advo cates of an effective fighting force. He has'urged plans of many kinds for keeping the nrnij in first-class condi tion. lie believes that tin* record of its achievements in the islands should not he minimized its the decade of oc cupation is reviewed. I'ite army seldom is brought to the attention of the ordinary American citizen. lie sees it on parade occa sions or at military posts if he ever gets near one. It is hard for him to appreciate its value or to understand «hy. in time of peace, there is need for such an organization. Hut when tlie transformation of the country into a world power with dependencies is recalled the possible service of sol fliers is better indicated. In the Phil ippines the secretary believes that the army lias been one of the most ef fective of the agencies which have brought order out of confusion. It has to contend with bands of guerrillas scattered through the islands. Sometimes there have been '.on distinct posts with a maximum of 1*5.000 men attached to them. The work lias been anything tun pleasant. Hut its success proclaims its effective ness. It is a notable feature of tills service, too. that the American sol diers exhibited toward the natives a Tar better reeling than might have been expected considering the charac ter of the warfare. The development of an American roice composed of Filipinos lias been encouraged. It lias appealed to the military instinct of the people and lias proved a helpful mechanism in the general scheme ol government. The suggestion of the secretary about West Point training for a few of the natives is a good one. i’nder govern ment encouragement a large number >f I- ilipino boys have been given the advantages of American schools. The colleges and universities have been generous in giving free tuition and o'liej- help to them, .lust why the gov ernment schools should not slia.e in this work does no* appear. Tt e Last Time They Reformed It. i i*r* last 11111#■ tin* DciniHTlilx r»* fniin«'(| the farifr is so riotnpurativrly x lint men 111 voting have a vhid recollection of it. anti these who w«rf not old * xio'iuh to realize the dis a-’i-is of »ht- Wii on bill as a personal | • ;|m i it ,it o haw learned of it a hit *'T tradition. Whatever sentiment I Mit r»- rna • it- for tariff reform, it b I v *r*' u' W there is not much demand ,,,!‘ it vi, ion at tin hands of the Itrinocrnlic |iart>. f!ov. lotmson argt.1** that because tht* Democracy has won twice in f,o on a tariPT reform platform. it tan do o .main thin yrar. Tho logic t>f the titiiatiori is ihe irlher way aiiotif ,\ i.nrnt child d-t-cd* Ihe flre Jersey Cits Journal. Advocate* Tar.ff Commission. If emigre** had an unimpeachable authority to provide it ^jf», iMf.tK roM. earning Industrial condition and tar Iff needs, anti if tho rt-ports of this authority were available to tin public generally, to ffirst every eVtlzcn could ha\»» a good test as to whether tho congressmen were doing tiller duty or descending to log-rolling. thfri If would l*t- much more* probable that we could K'*t a tariff law that would be Inher ently fair and consequently prtK>f atralrmt criticism ft in with thin ob Jt*ct tiiut Senator Heverldge has in troduced a blit for the creation of an expert commission to investigate facts an«i to certify farts to coogruffs,—Obi cafco Record-Herald. - JAPAN AND OUR FUTURE. French Writer Discusses the SmolOer ing Embers of Strife. Thai diplomacy has fulled to effect a cure and has brought merely tem porary relief to the strained relations between Japan and the 1’nited States is once more assertisl abroad. Andre I ardieu of France, student of interna tional politics, is the must recent to give voice to the belief that Japan and America are tending inevitably to an armed struggle. The present attitude of tbe two countries he characterizes as little more than a makeshift, a su perficial amity below which arc the unsettled issues of immigration and of dominance in the Pacific, smolder ing embers of strife which are inex tinguishable and must ever remuiu a barrier to permanent peace. Tardieu emphasizes the improb ability of speedy war—and dwells upon the probability of a future con flict. He looks into the future and declares that: As the Japanese have changed their industrial life so they may also change their political conditions, and the populace may sometime be able to carry the day against the counsels of the ‘elder statesmen.' When the population of Japan, progressing co lossally, has filled tip the outlets opened by the wars with China and Russia, may it not covet Hawaii ami the Philippines as it coveted Formosa and Korea?" ben such time comes—if come It does—the war which .VI. Tardicu fore sees will burst; but will that t ime come? Peace gains with every year. In the years which must elapse before tin* crisis which this French student predicts, may not the luwoeuces whl ’h lwi\e brought about The Hague moot ings have grown so powerful In all civilized nations as to force Japan to abide by the judgment of the world and hold its people as well as its armv and navy in check? So far as the American republic Is concerned, its diplomacy Is and will continue to be for peace, for adjust ment of difficulties by amicable com promise. Hut without cultivating that foolish alarm and resentments which burry peoples Into conflict, there should be as a vertebra of our peace ful statecraft a thoroughly adequate preparedness for the final arbltra meat of war. A Revival of Bourbonism. n,f* Hoston Transcript thinks that th'* willingness of southern members Of congress to hark hack to recon struction days during the debate on Ho penal laws shows a recrudescence of Rourbonism. It genoraMzes thus: * he discussion abounded in reve lations of the reason the south is of so little weight not only in the broad policies or the union, but In the policy o) lit*’ parly which It most affects Stall hern orators In the midst nf their mo-,t passionate pleas for a wide na Hnnalism still disco-> the needs of the unit.It from a purely sectional point of view. They do hot broaden with the Hiii'-s. and seem unable to realize that Ho y arc far apart from the human mind, or that they are speaking in Hie dosing years of ti,- first decade ot the twentieth crntiiry. Kven John Sh.-M-p Williams, their floor leader, a imin of hroadei culture than most of tiis followers, rails to rise to the many occasions offered hirn. and frequently is a representative of Mississippi rather than a member of the grand e.otincll of the nation.” Under Republican Control. Republicans assumed control of this | country March 4. IM»7. with the instal latioti of President McKinley, when tinkering With the tarifT left iti* tins) ness interests in a deplorable rondl tioti. the agricultural element |n in solvency and the industrial masse? dependent upon souphouscs and those Who had work with small ^ages and tlnv dinner buckets to carry then meals. The tariff was readjusted and out of chaos came .vder. Out of ad versify came prosperity. And from that day* to tip" present the cotin*rj continued to prosper.- Lincoln t.N’eli;1 t i lei aid. GOOD DINNER MENU EASILY PREPARED BY THE AVER. AGE COOK. Everything, from the Caviare Canapes to the Delicious Dessert, Well Within the Range of a Modest Kitchen. A delightful dinner for 12 person*, which whs largely prepared by the practical hands of the hostess, may interest our readers. The center piece was a very large epergne of cut glass heaped with fruits, and the n>eau was as follows. Canapes of Caviare. Oyster Cocktail. Cl»*ar Soup. Roast Turkey with Chestnut Stuffing, c.ii . 1 .i i. Mi n i! and Bti wed i*o uuoc*. Celery. Cranberry Sauce. Hni»i'U Sprouts. Cauliflower. Waldorf Salmi on Lettuce, Mayonnaise. Old f;islil<»n< il Suet Plum Pudding, Brandy Sauce. Neopolltun !«••• Cream. Orange Sponge Cake. Coffee. The caviare canapes were made from half slices of rye bread. These were buttered and spread in three Ktri| h with caviare, minced white onion and chopped hard-boiled egg yolks. The caviare was in the center and the onion one side, and the eggs on the other, with a little chopped parsley over all. The cocktails were made as usual, with oysters surrounded with tomato catsup and lemon, and served In tall glasses. The home-made spongecake was a great success and can be dupli cated by following this rule: Orange Cream Layer Cake. One and one-half cupfuls of sugar, which must be pulverized. Three eggs beaten entire with the sugar. It is wise to sift the sugar if at all lumpy. Sift I v. cups of flour Into the mixing howl with three teaspoonfuls of baking powder. Mix the beater eggs and sugar Into the flour. Beat all together until light, adding half a cup of hot water and the juice and rind of half an oiange. Have the water on to boil and the orange prepared before the cake is begun. The other half of the orange will lie needed for the filling. There fore, grate the rind entirely and squeeze out all the juice, then meas ure half the rind thus grated for the cake and half the juice. While the cake is baking in layer tins or a shal low pan, which will allow It to cut In squares larger, the Ailing must be made. Orange Cream Filling. One large cupful of milk put on the fire to scald. Take two tablespoonfuls of sugar, two teaspoonfuls of corn starch and a half teaspoonful of flour. Mix these dry and shake gradually Into the hot milk. After it thickens —meanwhile it must be well stirred - add a beaten egg. Beat this In thor oughly, then add the grated rind and juice of the half orange. Cool and fill the cake when if, too, is cool. It will keep for several days. Old-Fashioned Suet Pudding. One cupful of molasses, one cup ful of sugar, either white or brown; one cupful of chopped beef suet, one cupful of sour cream, one teaspoonful of soda dissolved in the cream, a pinch of salt, flour and spices. It must he made quite stiff with flour, noticeably so when dropped from the spoon. For spices use cloves, cinna mon and allspice, a teaspoonful each. For the fruit have ready a cupful of chopped raisins, of the seedless kind, a cupful of currants, a half cuprul of sliced citron, a cupful of chopped figs. Grease two lard pails of small size. Allow room for swelling. Steam for an hour and a half. Weight the pails down with iron. Keep one pudding and reheat it another day. For the sauce take one tablespoon ful of butter, one tablespoonful of flour, stirred together while melting. Add half a cupful of white sugar and two cupfuls of boiling water. Stir until this has thickened Then add the beaten yolks of two eggs after the sauce has been removed from tli i fire. Flavor with brandy or w'iue, or else lemon. For Sunday Dinner. This recipe makes a Sunday dinne r and a wholesome*, nourishing Monday luncheon. From the shoulder r.f lam!) have L’'.. pounds of meat cut in chop ehatie llrown theni nicely in a tablespoon or butter or dripping* in a largo kettle, preferably an Iron one. Add two uuarts of boiling water, one tablespoon of rice, one of flour, small ‘•nion. a little parsley, salt and pep. per to taste. Cook slowly one hour, then make dumplings of on<* large cup of flour, sifted with one heaping tea sp.w.n of baking powder, a pinch of salt, and one of sugar, milk to make a soft dough, softer rhnn biscuit dough, btir with a spoon: do not roil out or cut with knife, simply break orr little pieces of dough and drop in boiling kettle; cover closely and cook for 20 minutes. Parsnip Balls. Mash fine one pint of boiled pars nips add two tahlcspoonfuls of mel ;• d butter, a high seasoning of salt and two tablespoon fids of cream. Sttr over the fire until hot. take off and add one well beaten egg. When cold make up Into small balls, dip In egg, roll jn breal crumbs and fry golden brown in d< e| lai o; saute in a little fat, Mol isses and Cranberry Pie. Four cups cranberries, chopped or put through food cutter, two an I a half cups of sugar, one-half cup inolas •es. butter half the size of an egg, three tabjespoonful* corn starch wet with little cold water, one pint boil ing wafer poured over starch, stirring as It thickens. M'x all together anJ hake with two crustfl. THE OLDESTCHURCH HONOR CLAIMED FOR BUILDING AT SANTA FE, N. M. Foundation Laid in 1541, But Struc ture Has Undergone Many Changes Since Then—Has Historic Old Bell in Belfry. Kansas City.—The ancient Santa Ke church at Santa Ke, N. M.. is the old est house of worship in the 1'nited States, according to the claim of the ( hristlan Brothers, the Catholic order which has charge of the edifice. Brother David,” who looks after the spiritual wellaro of the parish, says the records of the Christian Brothers show that the foundation of the Santa Ke church was laid In 1541. The next oldest church building in this country is the mission of San Xavier, situate* near Tucson. Aria., in a Papago In dian settlement. There is a dispute as to whether the San Xavier mission whs started in 1 r*-|T, us is claimed hyr some, or at a later time. Coronado, who is said to have fetid the corner stone of the mission building, was in Spain in 1547, and it is believed by those who have investigated the facts bearing on the subject that the Santa Ke church is 10 or 15 years older than the San Xavier mission building. The construction of the Santa Ke ed Iflce was slow work. The more expert artisans had to be brought all the way from Spain. Indians were forced to perform much of the hard manual labor, such as making the adobe bricks or blocks which w»we used in the walls and carrying them to the places where they were laid. The walls of the building are from three to five feet thick. That the sun-dried clay blocks Ancient. Church at Santa Fe, N. M. wpre strong and serviceable is at test'd by the fact that they have with stood the ravages of the elements for nearly 100 years and still are in ap parently as good condition as v.ben they were first placed in position. The church has undergone many im provements since first it was built. It now bus little resemblance to the original structure. The adobe outside walls have been smoothed over with plaster and wherever evidence of de cay was shown repairs were made. I lie ancient belfry has been remodeled to such an extent tlint its appearance is entirely changed front that of the original structure. The old bell, which is said to have been placed in the church at the time of its completion, now occupies a position just inside tin entrance door of the church. The bell of itself is a relic that attracts the at tention of all who \isit the historic place. It was cast August 9. 1356. as is shown by the date which is molded upon it. The tone of the bell is mel low and musical and can be heard a great distance. The distinguished honor of ringing this ancient bell is accorded to hut few persons by ‘'Brother David.” Presi dent Roosevelt is one of those who was invited to sound for tin* tones of the bell. This was in l!*03, when the president visited Santa Fe. The chief executive of the nntlou pulled the rope with a vigor that caused the bell to give forth a tone that was heard far beyond the limits of the parish. Tills bell is said to have done service in Spain for nearly 200 years before it WPS brought to the ancient pueblo of Santa Fe and installed in this c hurch. In the times when the- church edifice was used as a fort to ward ofT attacks of tin- Indians the bell was used tr, sound the alarm to the- settlers of the Santa Fe district when the Indians swooped down upon the- pueblo. When the church was built and for a century or two afterwards the open Incs in its walls, now fitted with win (lows of glass, were covered with woven Indian blankets when slot ms cam**. Ordlnarly the opening.-, were left free of obstructions and the pm* air of the mesa swept through the building. The bare ground served for n floor until 1710, when a puncheon floor was put down. Hinee that date the Interior of the church has been ornamented with a gallery. The walls Of I he edifice* are adorned w ith a nurn b» r of paintings, some of which ar* the work or old masters and aio very valuable. Additions to Solar System. The known number of little mem bets of the solar system continues t* Increase every year. I p to .luoe last the number to which permanent desfg nations had been given was 635. \fan> reported dlsrove ie« turn out to be simply the reflodlng of asteroids al ready known. Fifteen instances of thi« kind occurred in 1906 and the first halt of 190 *. —Youth s Companion. I [ Women Not In Demand. Mr. Arnold Shanklln, Just returned from Panama, says that men who so to Panama seem to think a wife one of the first necessities, but generally they are provided with sweethearts, who either come to them properly chaperoned or they go back to the states for them. The government builds nice six-room houses for the married men. and there is & rery pleasant social set being formed, lie did not seem to agree with Helen Y’arick Boswell that old maids or bachelor girls are wanted there, the inference being that the right sort of men are either married or about to be when they go to Panama. Gloomy Outlook. Long Winded Orator (lowering hla voice to an impressive whisper) — “Have you ever, O, my friends, al lowed yourselves to wonder where you will be and what you will be doing when another century shall have rolied around?’’ Wearied Auditor (in an equally Im pressive whisper)—"Yes—we'll still be here waiting for you to finish your speech!” PURE FOOD. No Food Commissioner of Any Stata Has Ever Attacked the Absolute Purity of Grape-Nuts. Every analysis undertaken shows * this food to be made strictly of Wheat and Barley, treated by our processes to partially transform the starch parts into a form of Sugar, and there fore much easier to digest. Our claim that it is a “Food for Brain and Nerve Centres” is based upon the fact that certain parts of Wheat und Barley (which wc use) con tain Nature’s braiu and nerve-building Ingredients, viz.: Phosphate of Pot ash. and the way we prepare the food makes it easy to digest and assimilate. Dr. Geo. W. Carey in his book ou “The Blochemic System of Medicine'’ says: "When the medical profession fully understands the nature and range of the phosphate of potassium. Insane usylums will no longer be needed. "The gray matter of the brain le controlled entirely by the inorganic cell-salt, potassium phosphate. "This salt unites with albumen, and by tlie addition of oxygen creates nerv*» fluid, or the gray matter of the brain. "Of course, there is a trace of other salts and other organic matter iu nerve-fluid, but potassium phosphate is the chief factor, and has the power within itself to attract, by its own law of affinity, all things needed to manu facture the elixir of life. Therefore, when nervous symptoms arise, due to the fact that the nerve-fluid has been exhausted front any cause, the phos phate of potassium is the only true remedy, because nothing else can pit aibly supply the deficiency. "The ills arising from too rapidly consuming the gray matter of the brain cannot be overestimated. "Phosphate of Potash, is to my mind, the most wonderful curative agent ever discovered by man. and the blessings it has already conferred on the race are many. But ‘what shall the harvest be’ when physicians everywhere fully understand the part this wonderful salt plays in the processes of life? It will do as much as can be done through physiology to make a heaven on earth. "Let the overworked business man, take it and go home good-tempered. Let the weary wife, nerves unstrung from attending to sick children or en tertaining company, take it and note how quickly the equilibrium will he restored and calm and reason assert her throne. No ‘provings' are required here. We find tills potassium salt largely predominates in nerve-fluid, and that a deficiency produces well defined symptoms. The beginning and end of the matter is to supply the lacking principle, and in molecular f°rm. exactly as nature furnishes it in vegetables, fruit a and grain. To^sup ply deficiencies—this is tho only law of cure.” Please observe that Phosphate of Potash is not properly of the drug shop variety but is best prepared by “Old Mother Nature" and stored in tho grains ready for use by mankind. Those who have N*en helped to better health by the ur% of Grape-Nuts are legion. "There’s a Reason.” BRAIN POWER Increased by Proper Feeding. A lady wrlfor who not only has done Rood literary work, but reared a fam ily. found in Grape-Nuts the ideal fo&d, for brain work and to develop healthy children. She writes: "I am an enthusiastic proelaimor of Grape-Nuts as a regular diet. I for merly had no appetite in the morning and for 8 years while nursing my four children, had insufficient nourishment for them. "Unable to eat breakfast I felt faint later, and would go to the pantry and eat cold chops, sausage, cookies, doughnuts or anything I happened to find. Ibdng a writer, at times my bend felt heavy and my bra'n nsleep. "When I read of lirape-Nuts I began rating It every morning, also gave it to the children, including my 10 months old baity, who soon grew as fat as a little pig, good natured and contented. ‘ I wrote evenings and feeling the need of sustained brain power, began eating a small saucer of (»rape-Nuts with milk. Instead of my usual indi gestible hot pudding, pie, or cake for dessert at night. *1 grew plump, nerves strong. and when I wrote my brain was active and clear; indeed, the dull head pain never returned." i»OSTUM CEREAL CO.. Ltd Hattie Creek, Mich.