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ASHINGTON.—In wooden Arlington just across the
Potomac from the city of Washington 16,000 of the country’s dead are at rest. Arlington holds a sleeping army, and no soldier host ever camped upon a ground more nobly beau* tiful. Many of the great captains of the federal forces In the civil war are at rest here. Grant and Sherman sleep elsewhere, though their place is here Generals, colonels, sergeants, corporals and privates are side by side in this burial ground of the nation, for death, like love, levels all ranks. The tents of Unionists and Confederate are pitched not far apart, and no picket walks between. “All is quiet alone the Potomac.’* Soldiers of many wars are here. Revolutionary veterans lie not far removed from descendants who *net death in the Philippines. The victim of the Semi nole rests at Arlington, and with him is the man who fell before tho earthworks of Molino del Rey. Sailors |w o served on the Constitution and on the Maine are n port in Arlington. It is a camping ground of the United service. The troopers stationed at Fort Myer can look through the iron gateway at Arlington and see the Sra\e of a man who for 71 years was a commissioned officer of the United States army—the veteran Harney or the old Second Dragoons. He fought in the Black Hawk and Seminole wars, in Mexico, on the plains and in the war between the states. He was a soldier * er the soldier s own heart. Harney sleeps uuforgot ten of the armv. Near the Harney monument rises the shaft eneath which lie father and son, both of whom ga\e their lives for their country. A little re- Jt moved Is the grandson, killed while leading his . % 'J Tough rider company in Cuba. Three genera- - * tions of the Capron family are represented in the death rolls of the American army. Erastus E. Capron. the grandfather, was killed at Cherubusco; Allyn Capron, the son, died as the result of exposure and hardship >n the campaign before Santiago; Allyn K. Capron. the grandson, was killed while at the front with the Roosevelt command in the charge at Las Guasimas. l he younger Capron’s grave is in one of the Spanish ■war sections of the cemetery. Near him rest Col. A exander M. Wetherell of the Sixth infantry, and Mai. Albert G. Forse of the First cavalry, who went to their death together on the slopes of San Juan hill. Capron, etherell and Forse sleep under noble monuments. Scarce the length of a sentry's post from them lie the remains of Lieut. William H. Smith, killed at the head of his dismounted troop of the Tenth cavalry on San Juan hill. Smith was as gallant a soldier as the -uui save ror me government mark «?r and for the flowers which comrades place there. “■JE™ ‘a unmarked. Smith’s roommate at W’est Point was William npp. he two men as cadets and officers were inseparable. They were members of the same regiment and they died together in battle. in 18.J William E. Shipp, a country lad from North Carolina, re ported as a candidate for admission to the United States Military acade my. He was a quiet, stud fobs fellow, and made the most of his oppor I " his memory. Gen. Lawton was > fram Indiana. Other states have honored with shafts in Arling ,ton soldiers far less distin guished In tho services of their ; country. ' Gen. Sheridan is at rest on I the lawn in front of tho old l Lee mansion, which was the manor house of Arlington. A medallion of the general is on tho faco of the stone and hclow it is tho one word “Sheridan.” Nothing else is needed, for the knowledge of all men supplies the history of the sleeping soldier. Lieut.-Gon. John M. Schofield was buried two years ago in a gravo not far from that of tho Shenandoah raider. Schofield's gravo is on a knoll under a lordly oak that has stood for a century. Near the hero of Franklin lies the body of Gen. Joseph Wheeler, who died in February, 1308. At the time of his death ho wob u brigadier general, though during the four years of the civil war ho wore the gray of tho confederacy. 1 t Wheeler rests In close companionship with his one-time foes, I I Gibbon of the Iron brigade, and the sterling soldiers, Cook and fjM Sturgis. Wl There nre legions of dead in Arlington. Nature has made W the place beautiful and man wisely has left to her the greater part of the work. The flowers pud the trees aro the native i growth; the birdB are those of the wild places, the woodthrush a and the cardinal, who come back year after year, even though f In this soldiers’ camping ground they sing their reveilles vainly. Arlington house would be a sad place even if there were no miles of headstones stretching away from its doorsteps and marking the resting places of the dead. Time cannot kill the beauty of the old house. Its Doric columns were built to rival the stolidity of the Po tomac hills and the mansion itself had its foundations laid and its walls erected upon the faith of honest workmen. The building stands white, massive and Impressive and holds the mind with the mingling of the strength and beauty of its lines. The government has done much for Arlington and It has left much undone. It is nothing Bhort of n crime that a mind kindred to that of the master landscape gardener who saw to it that the natural beau ty of the grounds was preserved could not have been brought to bear _ ~*~**mmi—— wk f/V£L££Afms/Otf /7r /J/?L/£CrO// G£M£T££y """ tunitlM. On Saturday afternoon during "release from quarters," 8iilpp wont Into the room of a classmate and said: “I've done noth ing but bone’ mathematics and French for a year. I'd like to read a Dovel- the lighter the better. Have you anything stowed away?” No\els were contraband. Shipps classmate pried a board from the base of the pillar at the end of the alcove wall nnd took out a book and threw it on the table. The fact that Shipp came from North Carolina was forgotten and the classmate said: "There is a book that’s pretty good stuff! It’s Albion \V. Tourgee’s *A Fool’s Errand/" A day or two afterward Shipp brought the book hack. "The secene of that story is laid in my home." be said. "It’s a libel on every person and everything in the place. The man who wrote it wrote maliciously. It is possible that some day he will learn that * something good can come out of the town which he has maligned." Shipp, a southerner, sprung from the slave-holding class, and, Judged by the Tourgee standard, a negro hater. Joined, upon grauda tion, the Tenth Colored cavalry. He was leading his black troopers in the charge at San .Ivan when he was shot and killed. A patriot had come out of Tourgee’s North Carolina town. A massive granite block stands on the spot where John M Stot senburg lies buried. The men who hurled stones at Stotsenburg gath er* d them to build a monument to his memory. Stotsenburg was a captain of the Sixth Regular cavalry. He was appointed colonel of the First Nebraska volunteers and went with bis command to tho Philippine*. Col. Stotsenburg found that hi* militiamen were not accustomed to discipline. He made them drill and he taught them the duties of • soldier. They resented the process, railed him a martinet and were on the point of asking for hi* removal. The regiment went into bat tle and won its fight, in part at least, because of the tutelage of its ' colonel. He was killed while leading the Nebras ka volunteers In a charge that brought the regb rnent everlasting fame. The men of the command raised the money for the monument to their com mander. Near the “Temple of Fame” is the grave of MnJ. Liscum of the Ninth Infantry, who was killed at Tientsin during the invasion of China. The Liscum monument heyond all question is the handsomest memorial the National cemetery holds. This field officer of the Ninth in initiative and bravery upheld the best traditions of the American army and he was deserving of his memorial, but the shadow of it falls across the grave of Maj. Oen. Henry W. I>awton, unmarked save by the small stone hearing a number and a name which the government places at the resting-place of all who die in the service, major-general and private alike. Hen. Lawton was killed in the Philippines, and his funeral was a matter of pomp by his countrymen, but time seems to have dulled the edge of remembrance and his state has failed to honor him with a stone in Arlington, though it has remembered him in Indiana's chief city. In Justice to the family of the dead soldier it should be sabl on the best army authority possible that Oen. laiwton, before his death, put the wish virtually Into the form of a command that no part of the sum left irr given for the support of his wid ow and children should be used for a monument to upon the ordering of the interior of tho old southern home. The great fireplaces which at the Christinas Reason were once gorged with great logs which offered their substnnee to the flames for the cheering and the comfort of the guests, are now covered with rusty sheet Iron. Stoves made at Troy, N. Y., or Detroit, Mich., supply warmth and make the interior look a crossroads station. On the walls of the great, drawing room, where Robert E. Lee and Mary Custis plighted their troth, are some printed extracts from speeches made by fervid orators upon sundry patriotic occasionn. The frames nre pine, the papor is cheap, the printing is poor and in one or two instances at least the sentiments are tawdry. On a desk in one corner lies an open register where everyone visiting this shrine must write his name. In this matter of supplying a register and making compulsory tho tracing of autographs tho government has shown wisdom. If the hook wero not there to give the average tourist nn opportunity to spread his name and roa4 dence in big letters, he would take out his finger restlessness either in scrawling on the walls or In chipping pieces from tho monuments of heroes who lie without. Robert E. Lee lived at Arlington until 1861, at such times as he could absent himself from his army duties. The morning of tho 22d of April of that year he went to the porch of his home and standing between the two great central pillars he looked across the Potomac at the city of Washington. Then lie turned away and an hour later was on his way to Richmond to offer his sword to the south. He never returned to Arlington. BATTLE TAKES NAME FROM CHURCH • By HOWARD ENRIGHT SEXTON. Karly In the year 1802 the determination of the union command* erB to pierce the confederacy in the center led to a gunboat expedition up the Tennessee river. In military parlance this whh a wonting ex pedition of the river navy to ascertain tho chances of breaking the confederate ilnea by capturing a point on the Memphis & Charleston railroad. Kight miles above Savannah, Tenn., a cannon boomed from a high hill on the left hank of the river and a solid shot plunged Into the water among tlie boats. The leader returned the compliment with a few shells that tired a building at the foot of the bill. As the boats returned a small party landed and captured the hostile gun. They learned that the place was called Pittsburg Landing; that it was a shipping point for Corinth, Miss., and that two miles out was a little log church called Shiloh. At the suggestion of Sherman. Gen. Smith selected this as the point of concentration for the army to operate against Corinth, and so the great battle takes its name from the peace ful little church that sits demurely among its tall oaks on the Corinth road. In more than one respect the battle of Shiloh holds a unique po sition in the annals of great conflicts. For years the confederates, who failed in their attempt to crush the union forces and fled from the field on the second day. spoke of It exultIngly ns a “great victory;’’ the federal*, who, although roughly handled, repelled the attacks of the enemy, could not think of that long and bloody Sunday without humiliation. Albert Sydney Johnston, who failed signally In his design, wai exalted to a fame that shall live forever; Grant, who really won the battle against odds, wns in disgrace at its closo and but for Lincoln’s clear Judgment and the accident of Halleck’s recall to Washington would have passed Into obscurity. With Sherman, the Held of Shiloh marked the turn of the tide. He was 42 years old. but mentally and physically a much yet inger man. His career had been varied. A banker, a lawyer, a teacher, a president of a street, railroad in all of these, through no fault of his own, he had been unsuccessful. At Dull Hun he had commanded a regiment, whose retreat from the field he himself had reported as “disorderly in the extreme.” Hit judgment as to the magi.itude of the struggle was so much clearer than that of his superiors and associates that he had been considered insane. Years after those who bad relieved him from command denied that they had ever regarded him as "mentally unsound,” even while acting as they did. His unselfish support of Grant at Donelson won the star of a brigadier, arvi after Bhiloh no one ever tpoke of the man who, twice wounded, still animated his men as “Crazy Dill Shertnau.’’ 1 ! W. VA. j J- R GISSEE, ArotUteot, CEftCOO, W. VA. Q»i«. .» Ho«H Brick. m. Marcum Attorney-at-law * ®WllOO, W. VA * I gm Virginia J-O.Geige r, MD., J to far, Nose and” Throat j Robert WrShUrT ! Contracting Painter CERE°0. W. VA. '“■Xi?'Asia « Ly* H ADKINS^ ’ T?E barber, Sat,«factlon. — ‘^rmlo. \v ®*,ln ^trveu. T. T. McDougat Fire anjUife Insurance CEREDO, W. Va. ^#ruJ,r;;v^ R#,i*bu *•“7 that gjVe# . d Ufo Com. -u— »pUndid policij*" >v‘d<,nd* •»* BIB ! ('avests, and Trade-M arka obtained, end all Pat > ent business conducted for Moocnatc Fata. ! JOua Office la Opposite U. S. 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