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P H. NAPIER, Attorney-at-Law, WAYNE, W. VA. Will practice in Wayne and adjoining eoantiea J. R GIESKE, A.rob.iteot, CEREDO, W. VA. Offica at Hoard Brick. J. C. Geiger, M. D., Practice Limited to Eye, Ear, Nose and Throat Cor. 9th St. and 4th Ave., HUNTINGTON, W. VA. Robert Wright, Jr., Contracting Painter CEREDO, W. VA ■A Work done In the beat *tyl® and at r«a*o» ! abie price*. Paint, afid Wall Paper for tale. W. H. ADKINS, THE BARBER, Guarantees His Work to Give Entire Satisfaction. Go to his shop ami g«t a clean shave and a alcts hair rut anti you trill look ten years youi •r Shop near Comer of ‘H" anti llsiu - tr.cn Ceredo, VV. V». T, T. McDougal, Fire and Life Insurance AGENT, CEREDO, W. VA. Represents Strong and Reliable Fire Companies and an old-line Life Corn* pany that gives large dividends and ••sues splendid policies. t aveats, and l rarte-.Man.-3 obtained, and all l’a. »ent business conducted for Moocnsu Fees. Jocn Orncc is Opposite U. 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Mclkuigal, CereUo, W Va 'inds Great ^Geologicae wPower, " bv GLOME FREDERICK WRIGHT £>y jcxsjS? A Mr*,*^* M sea are covered with such mor> teg drifts, but most attention has been attracted to them In the more thickly settled portions of Europe, where they have occasioned the population an im mense amount of trouble. The coast of Norfolk, in England is fringed with sand hills 50 or 60 feet In height, where in more than one Instance whole villages and ancient churehes have been buried by the material. In Ecclea the village church in 1835) was almost completely hid by the drift ing sand which enveloped it. while 30 years later the same wind which HOSE who live in the well watered portions of the world, where rich vegeta tion covers the surface and protects it from the denuding force of the wind, can have little reali zing sense of the effect iveness of this ever-actlve geological agency. ^Yet *'en some well-watered regions dunes are familiar phenomena. Dunes ure simply "drifts” of sand, closely re sembling the snowdrifts of winter and protection against them is secured by similar means. As in snowy regions one sees long lines of close board fences some distance from the wind ward side of the railroad to stop the drifting snow* on its onward career, so he may in many places see wind breaks to stop the drifting sand. Hut in many cases where tho windbreak is not sufficient a constant force of workmen is necessary to remove the sand from the track at stated inter vals or after every unusually severe storm. At such places the railroad companies, to their sorrow, learn the enormous power of ^his constantly acting geological force in transferring finely comminuted earthy material from one placo to another. One of the best known localities for observing dunes is found on the south eastern shore of Lake Michigan. Nearly all, if not all, the railroads ap proaching Chicago from the east pass through this series of dunes as they come around the southern end of the lake. Many of the dunes are very fresh, with no covering of vegetation, and rise, like snowdrifts. 50 feet or more above the general level. Others are of such age that they have been covered more or less with vegetation, trees of considerable size being found upon them. Rut in all cases the ac tion of the wind, in moving the sand southward from the lake, is evident. The wind blowing from the north keeps an exposure of bare sand upon that side and drifts it over into expo sures of equally hare sand upon the outer margin. The width of this belt of dunes around the south end of Lake Michigan averages a little more than one mile. The material, btdng clean washed sand, is unfit for agricultural purposes and the area is occupied by very few houses, and those mostly be longing to railway employees. ine source of the material or which these dunes are composed and the rate of its movement are subjects of great interest. The sand is de rived. In the first place, from the shores of the lake farther north, which are constantly being eaten Into by the waves and currents. All along the western shore, from Evans ton to Racine, the waves are wearing away the shore at an average rate of three or four feet per annum. The materia] that falls into the lake from the bluffs thus eroded is w’orked over by the waves until the very finest particles are washed out and floated Into deep water, while the sand re mains near the shore and Is gradually washed southward by the prevailing currents. Everyone in Chicago knows how land is forming on the shore, giving rise to legal contests as to Own ership. From observations of the United States engineers it was found that 129,000 cubic yards of sand were annually stopped by the two piers which were extended out into the lake to deep water. This vast amount rep resented, however, but a fraction of the whole amount of sand that was being carried by the currents past Chicago to the south end of the lake. On reaching the south end of the lake the sand is washed up by the waves during storms and left for a considerable portion of the year ex posed to the action of the winds, which have drifted it out into the belt of dunes, with which so large a por tion of the traveling public Is famil iar. Hut, owing to the fact that the prevailing winds of this region are westerly, the largest accumulation of dunes Is found upon the east shore. In Michigan. Travelers upon the Michigan Central railroad cannot fail to have noticed these great drifts of sand, nearly 100 feet high, at Michi gan City. This belt of dunes, about ft quarter of a mile wide, rising some times to more than 100 feet in height, extends northward all along the shore, being specially prominent at St. Jo seph and Grand Haven. In many places the; threaten to overwhelm whole villages and to compel the rail roads to remove their tracks to get out of the way of the drifting mate rial, while in sotns cases houses and forests havo been completely buried out of sight It has been profitable to dwell thus fully upon the dunes around the southeastern portion of Lake Michi gan, not because they are the largest or the most conspicuous 'n the world, but because they are tin most acces sible and the best known to the people of the United States. In some respects a still more Interesting belt of dunes occurs In western Nebraska, stretching nearly ecross the northern pert of the state, approximately par allel with the course of the North Platte river, but at a Ustiusoa of many t AASfD av/YEO cXXUT'rt or LAKE M/TSf/OA// ^2P miles from it. This consists of a belt of sand hills a half-mile or so In width, which is s'owly traveling east ward across the state. The prevail ing southwest winds are constantly blowing the material from that side and drifting it over onto the north eastern side, thiiH gradually shifting the line of the belt. So irregular are the drifts, however, that innumerable hollows are left between them, and so slow Is the movement that vegetation covers their slopes and water is pre served in ihem; hence they furnish favorite centers for ranchmen. The source of the material of this traveling embankment moving so ma jestically across the western plains of Nebraska and the manner of Its movement are even more interesting than the similar phenomena around Lake Michigan. The sand of which tills belt of dunes is composed Is prob ably derived from the trough of the Platte river, where during the great floods of a former period It had been brought down from the Rocky moun tains and deposited along the hanks, whence It was lifted by the winds and started upon its victorious career over the uplands of the interior. The whole movement Is exceedingly slow, but It Is easily perceptible, especially to those who have built their houses anti cultivated their gardens upon the eastern Bide. Rut when one considers the vast amount of material that is being transported by the wind along this entire belt the movement is ma jestic In the extreme. The arid lands of Utah and Arizona and other portions of the great west afiord Innumerable Illustrations of the activity of wind in drifting snnd into regions distant from its original source of supply. The desert of Saha ra. Arabia and the region about the had buried the church uncovered It and exposed it to view upon the other Fide of the dune. The churches of St. Plran and G with Ian in Cornwall passed through similar experiences, while in 1008 a part of Santon (Sand town), near Thetford, was over whelmed by sand which had been slowly blown in from five miles to tho west. In tho course of a century this dune had traveled four miles and I spread over 1.000 acres of land. The northwestern coast of Franco 1 Is specially exposed to the destructive movement of dunes. On the coast of ! Gascony "the sen for 100 miles is so | barred by sand dunes that. In all that | distance only two outlets exist for tho discharge of the drainage of tho Interior. As far.t ns one ridge Is driven away from a beach another forms In its place, so that a series of huge sandy billows, ns It were, is con stantly on the move from the sea mar gin toward the Interior.” The entire coast of Flanders and of Holland and northern Germany is girt . with those drifting sand hills. In Hoi- j land they sometimes rise to a height ! of 200 feet, but average only from 00 j to CO feet. Dunes of smaller extent also line the western shore of Ireland and Scotlanjl, but on the Dutch coast they are sometimes as much ns flvo miles wide. On tho exposed shores of the Ilay of Plseay. where vegetn* tlon has not lind time to protect them, they are traveling Inward nt the rate of 1C feet per annum, while in Den mark they are In some places moving as fast as 24 feet per annum. The only method of protection against them, which, happily, in partially suc cessful. Is to plant pine forests, whirl readily grow' In the sand and throng! tho production of turpentine become the source of considerable revenue. Where Our Dolls Are Made Some Factories In America, But About $2,000,000 Is Contributed Yearly to Foreign Makers. Dolls have amused the world for ages, and aeem to have been well known In the days of the Pharaohs, for, In the tombs of ancient Egypt, figures of painted wood, of terra cotta, of Ivory and of rags have been found whose limbs were made mov able for the delight of children. In the ruins of Etruria similar toys have been discovered, and In China, as well as in India, movable figures were made to act from time Immemo rial by hand and on strings, or as shadows behind a curtain. The ancient Oreeka were experts In the manufacture of puppets. In cluding wax dolls, and several of their poets allude to offerings of dolls to Artemis and Aphrodite, made by maidens before their marriage. Dol1, were evidently first Intended to amuse children, but the adults soon adopted them as n source of en tertainment. Puppet shows were all the rage in Europe In the sixteenth century, arriving af such perfection that the performance)* rivaled In at traction those of living actors. In Covington, Ky., Is the largest doll factory In the T nlted States, and there are many other establishments In the eastern states. But the most dolls, and we are sorry to have to say It, the best dolls, are imported, anti the American children contribute about $2,000,000 every year to Europe for dolls. There are aotro very fine dolls made In England; but the very finest come from France and Germany, »od they are made with a degree of per fection most surprising. Even cheap dolls can close their eyes and say ' papa" and "mamma." For a little more monay you can buy a creeping doll or a walking doll. Then there are dolls thnt sing—only the music, of course—and fhe very lateet doll is provided with a phonograph, and will recite prose and poetry. Germany Is famous for the minu facture of toys nnd dolls, nnd the small town of Sonneberg, In the Thurlnglan forest, alone produces ar ticles for the amusement of children to the value of $150,000 yearly. German ladles are expert doll dressers, and there Is a yearly Christ mas exhibition of dolls at Berlin. A great deal Is made of the Berlin doll exhibition, and society turns out in large numbers to patronize It. There are whole towns In Germany that do little else but make dolls for American children. They are mostly simple country folk. They get small pay for making even an excellent 'doll, but It must be remembered that their wants are few. Family Study Valuable. Speaking to the students In an Eng lish women's college, an educator said: "Gig out all your family skel etons. Your relatives will probably be annoyed, but dig them out and face them. Make out your pedigree, tra cing your family back to your great grandfathers nnd their brothers and sisters By this means you can learn what tralta to avoid and what dis eases to guard against. It takes time, tact nnd temper to hunt back to the record of one's fumlly, but It Is worth It. Two men may seem the same, yet one man may hand down disease and crime to his descendants, while the t.ther may hand down only those qual ities that are good.” What They Will Do. Tho members of the graduating class of Wellesley college are 288 |n number and of these only elgnt will 1 admit that they plnn to marry when school days are over. Eighty six of them except to become teachers, two will be professional farmers, nine will do religious and charitable work, six will adopt literary careers nnd three will travel, only one expecting to take tap domestic science. It is said that but few of the 86 expecting to teach really care for this kind of work Sev enty three of the class will sla\fll| •tivy at home. i 1 I - THERE are two Joys worth mark ing In a man's life; tho joy of passing from the confinement of the house into the space and freedom of the outside world, and the Joy of passing from tho bleakness of the world without Into the comfort and snfety of his dwelling. In tts open door between tho little and thi large world, in tho recurring transition from freedom to schlter and from shei ter to freedom, lie the movement an£ meaning of existence, writes O. W. Firkins, in Unity. Man builds for hltnuelf a cabin against tho rain nnd the wind, but he bns no sooner compacted its walls and stopped Its fissures than ho pierces It with a door that he may walk forth Into the air. and slits It with windows that, even while ho lies at rest under the thatch, his eyes may roam abroad nnd soar Into the heavens. Birth It self is his first grasp of freedom, and ft is only when life leaves him at the edge of the grxvo that he succumbs to complete and flhal enclosure. Nature has housed 1dm In a casing of flesh nnd bone; nnd not content with this he strips the fleece from tho sheep and the fiber from the pod to spin and weave a little tenement of his own which he takes about with him in Oal Journeys; but even thus he leaves his face bare to the sun nnd sends Ids eye and ear to travel abroad through space nnd bring him forage nnd booty even from the distant horizon.' ivinn s v^oruraaictions. He builds his chalet in the volley behind the shield of the mountainside, but he follows his goats upward to the peak that whiio they browse he may overlook the world. He buries hlTnsulf In the heart of tho primeval fOTest; but always. If he may, by the edge <1 a great stream by whose aid Ills raft or canoe may find Its way hack to tho cities he lias left or forward to the nn plercod wilderness. Ho frames his house of oak or of marble to bo a fast ness for hlmseif and his sons against tho destroying centuries; yet at the same moment he heats water In a sealed chest that the fierceness of Its rebellion may transport him to the «ds or the enrth. Ho fashions a jhtirch where he may ho alone with Ills Hod; and. to exclude the world from his precinct, ho makes its doors massive and tempers Its light and stains Its windows; hut straightway, to get hack to the freedom he has lost, he draws out Its nave Into columped aisles of noble amplitude, and rounds out a mighty dome Into tho very Image and semblance of tho sky he has ex cluded. Ho rims lilms^lf in the lit tin square of his bed at night, hut tho sleep which shackles his limbs more firmly than iron is the door through which his spirit escapes Into tho boundless and pathless kingdom of dreams. Confined In the body to a dot nf lime and often to a shard of space, he plays with the earth in his mind as a child with a toy balloon, and his Imagination makes tho centuries Its balls or marbles. Need of Rest and Security. Hut if he Ih horn to seek freedom, he is none the less filled with the need for rest nn«l security. Ho emerges from the mother's womb only to find himself with his own consent in the scarcely wider Inclosure of her arms. On the great prairie he pltchcB his tent or rears his house of logs, shut ting himself from the glory of the sky that he may shield himself likewise from its terrors. Adventure and youth are strong within him, and he leaves the land for the free, broad spaces of ‘he sea. but his first step thereto is to rim himself in a narrow boat, and if he stays aboard for a night he will roof himself in with a cabin that he may screen himself from the vastness he has longed for. He loves, and the world Is too little for his dilated heart; and his next step Is to stake out a plot and build walls and carve a roof-tree within which the great world, cosmic or public, shall have no license to In trude. ^ With the wings which love gives him ho flies only to the nest. He Is artist and poet; he will put the sky upon canvas, but always within a frame; he will let out his soul in music, but only In the palings of verse. The mercy of nature has made even the boundless heavens assume to his feeble eyes the aspect of the celling of a habitation. Space for his sake narrows itself Into a roof and the stars which are worlds for his un derstanding are only tapers for his senses, lb; is set in the narrow curb and frame of life, lest he should per ish from the mere weight of immor tality. Should we venture too far In saying Mint ns the instinct for freedom Is rooted In the soul of man, the instinct for repose nnd shelter Is no less deep ly imbedded In the body? The one urges him Into the lonely spaces* the other nestles or crouches beside th* Are. As long as man lives, the in stincts wrestle with Interchanging victory and death can end the strife only bv parting the combatants. The body finds In the grave the absolute and Anal goal of Its Instinct toward enclosure, and the soul teaches Its complete life or its total effacement In the attainment of that liberty which Its aspirations have preAgured. A happy nature in sometimes a gift b . It is also u grace, and can, there fore, he cultivated and acquired; and It should be a JeAnite p.tm with thos« who are training a child—luoy Honl** by. triment and none of the 1 impurities so often found in so-called fresh or raw milk. The use of Libby's in sures pure, rich, whole some, healthful milk that is superior in flavor and economical in cost. Libby's Evaporated 83k is the purest, freshest high grade milk, obtained from selected, carefully fed cows. It is pasteur ized and then evaporat ed (the water taken out), filled into bright, new tins, sterilized and sealed air tight until you need it. Use Libby's and tell . your friends how good it is. Libby, McNeill & Libby Chicago THEY KNEW. Jigson—When a man's young he s anxious to show his knowledge. Jugson—When ho gnta older he's Just as anxious to conceal his Ignore ance. Spreading the Nows. Postmaster Fuller of Ilocklund, Me., was the sparkling wit at the postm&o tors’ dinner. He announced with uiock solemnity that he had Just received word from his congressman that his name had been sent In somewhere In Washington for reappointment In recognition of his efficient service and the votes he could swing. “I have dashed the momentous news of my triumph to distant Rocklajid to my wife, and If I am acquainted with the lady, ns I believe that I arn, the glad tidings have ere now penetrated to the most remote section of that district,” wan a sally that brought down the house. HARD ON CHILDREN. When Teacher Has Coffee Habit. "nest Is best, and best will ever live." When a person feela this way about Postum they are glad to give testimony for the benefit of others. A school teacher down In Mias, lays: "I had been a coffee drinker since my childhood, and the last few years it bad injured me seriously. "One cup of coffee taken at break fast would cause me to become so nervous that I could scarcely go through with the days duties, and this nervousness was often accom panied by deep depression of spirits and heart palpitation. “I am a teacher by profession, and when under the Influence of coffee had to struggle against crosaness when In the school room. "When talking this over with my physician, he suggested that 1 try Postum, so I purchased a package and made It carefully according to direc tions; found It excellent of flavor, and nourishing. "In a short time I noticed very grati fying effects. My nervousness disap peared. I was not irritated by my pu pils. life seemed full of sunshine, and my heart, troubled me no longer. “I attribute my change In health and spirits to Postum alone.” Read the little book, "The Road to Wellvillo.’Mn pkgs. "There's a Reason.” Kver ro»«l the above letter? A new one iippenr* from time to time. They nre arnnlne, true, and fnU of hamaa la t treat.