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Ceredo advance. [volume] (Ceredo, W. Va.) 1885-1939, March 25, 1914, Image 3

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86092392/1914-03-25/ed-1/seq-3/

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For Handu Bosjs and
Girls to Make and Do
(Copyright by A. Neely HaU)
By A. NEELY HALL.
A TOY ELEVATOR.
If there is a kitchen porch to your
house, it will be. easiest to build the
toy elevator to run from the ground
up to that porch, as illustrated in Fig.
1; and if you live in an upper story
of an apartment building, your ele
vator can be made to run to a much
greater height, which, of course, will
be a great deal more fun.
Figure 2 shows a large detail of the
supports for the elevator cables and
guides. Cross strips A, B and C
should be 18 or 20 inches long, about
2 inches wide, and 1 inch thick. At a
distance of about 1 inch from one end
of strips A and B, screw a screw-eye
into one edge, and 8 inches from
these eyes screw a second Bcrew-eye
(D, Fig. 2). Screw-eyes with H-lnch
eyes are large enough. A dozen of
these can be bought at the h&rdwaro
store for 5 cents. The elevator guides
are fastened to them. Besides the
screw-eyes you must have two clothes
line pulleys. These will cost 5 cents
each. Screw ono pulley Into the edge
of strip B, half-way between the two
screw-eyes D (E, Pig. 2), the other
into an edge of strip C at the same
distance from the end that you have
placed the pulley tn strip 33 (P, Fig.
Nail strip A to the porch post as
close to the ground as you can get It,
strip B to the same face of the same
post, about 10 inches above the porch
railing, and strip C to tbe opposite
lace of the poet at the same height
a* strip B. Nail these strips securely
so they will be firm.
If you cannot find a small box In tbe
house out of which to make the ele
vator car. go to tbe grocery store and
you will bo able to find just what you
want among the grocer's empty boxes.
Figure 2 shows how the box ts made
into a car. Screw two screw-eyes
Into each side of the box, one over
the other, as shown at G, for tho ele
vator guides to run through, screw an
other into the exact center of the top
■of tho box (H), to tie tho hoisting
•cable to, and screw another into the
•exact cent or of the bottom of the box
•to tie the lowering cable to. Nail a
narrow strip across the open front
•f the car, at the bottom, to keep
things from falling out
Get a heavy wrapping twine or
nrr.no stovepipe wire, for the elevator
guides. Attach them to screw-eyes I)
in strip B, first, drop them to the
ground, slip them through screw-eyes
G in the sides of the car, and then
fasten to screw-eySs T) In strip A
The counterbalance is a one-pound
size baking-powder can filled with
earth, sand or small stones. Fasten
the lifting cable through holes punch
ed In opposite sides of the can, just
below where the edge of the can cov
er cornea (Fig. 4). Uae a strong
wrapping twine for the lifting cable.
After tying It to the counterbalance,
mn it over pulley guide F and tie to
pcrewrye If In the top pf the cur
By DOROTHY PERKINS.
CANDY BASKETS.
The three pretty little baskets '
Bhown In the Illustrations are splendid
receptacles for candy dainties for the
dinner table.
For llasket "A** cut a piece of paper
6 Inches square (Fig. 1). Fold the
I---x-1
Basket
/V
piece in half, with edges A together
(Fig. 2), fold it in half again with
edges B together (Fig. 3). and fold cor
ner C over to corner C (Fig. 4). Then
with a pair of scissors cut off corners
C as shown in Fig. 5. Unfold the pa
per and it will have the form shown
in Fig. 6. This is the basket bottom.
Turn up the edges all around, folding
along the dotted line shown in Fig. 6,
and to these upturned edges paste a
strip of paper 1V4 inches wide and 23
inches long for the Bides of the basket.
Basket “B” has a heart-shaped botr
tom cut out of a piece of paper 5
inches by inches in size (Fig 1).
Fold the paper in half with edges A.
Basket^
together (Fig. 2), then mark out one
half of a heart on one aide of the fold
ed piece, as indicated by the dotted
lino in Fig. 2, and rut out along the
line (Fig. 3). Unfold the piece (Fig.
4), and slash the e<lge all around with
a pair of scissors, making the slashes
14 inch long. Turn up the little pieces
between the slashes, and paste them to
a strip of paper 1 % inches wide and
1714 inches long, bent around the
heart-shaped piece to form the basket
Basket
~c L
Hldew. (Fig. 5). The handle ta of the
same size an that on basket "A."
Flasket "C” 1* made from a square of
paper measuring fl>4 Irrche*. Fold this
square In half diagonally, with corners
A together (Figs. 1 and 2), then In-*^
quarters by bringing corners II togeth
er (Figs. 2 and 3), aDd then fold over 1
Inch of edge C as shown in Fig. 4.
Open the piece of paper, and you will
find a great many creases in it. The
dotted lines In Fig. 5 show only the
creases that are needed. Turn up ths
edges along the creases that run parmJ<
lei to the edges. Then put some pasts
upon the Inside faces of the corner*
and pinch togotbag'.
ELECTRIC GEAR SHIFT
— - 1 1 ■ - _____
KEEP OUT OF RUTS
I
__
Advice Given by Writer to Those
Auto Drivers Who Make Use
of the Country Roads.
DO NOT FOLLOW OTHER CAR

Those Who Persist In Traveling Along
Exactly the Same Lines as the
Other Fellow Are Largely Re
sponsible for Spoiling the
Highways.
Have you ever stopped to think thut
you. Mr. Automobile Owner, can do a
lot to help along the good roads move
ment and preserve the surface of the
highways without so much as donating
a cent toward their upkeep?
1 do not mean that you are to be
exempt from doing your share toward
helping to solve the problem of good
roads, for the future great advantage
j of the gasolene-propelled vehicle will
lie in the pleasures and business ad
vantages gaiued in traveling from
town to town, city to city and state
to state, says a writer in the Chicago
Record-Herald.
i ii in UI unr 1 ilMVt* UtM»n IU
deal with tho touring motoriat who
knows not tho meaning of the word
• economy in using country roads. Or I
I might better put it by saying that I
have been asked to call tho attention
of tho automobile owner and truck
driver to their lack of appreciation of
good roads.
When an automobile owner or driv
er strikes a piece of bad road he sure
ly realises it, and either expresses or
feels dissatisfaction. Very often, how
ever, others of his kind are responsi
Ible for its condition.
For the year of 1914 why not make
a resolution that yon will do your Mt
! tie share toward preserving the good
i roads and helping the bad ones?
The first and most important les
son in preservation of tho highways
is found In the motto adopted by one
of the good roadH clubs in Texas,
j “Don't Drive in the Rut?”
Examples innumerable in nil parts
of the country might be recited In this
article where fine pieces of highway
or a transstate road In Its entirety
has been destroyed by automoblllsts
i who persist in traveling on exactly
the same lines as the other fellow.
How often have you seen a well
oiled country road in fairly good con
dition or a new section of highway
Just built become almost Impassably
by constant usage of a rut that was
first marked by the initial car to trav
el over it.
Almost without an exception every
piece of good road In the country is
sooner or later destroyed hy careless
ness on the part of the owner or his
chauffeur. Six Inches of a mad that Is
often twelve feet wide is called upon
to stand the strain of all the machines
that pass over It.
After these nits are started and
the surface has been broken through,
the chuck holes and dust holes come,
and In many seasons you havo the I
i water to contend with, which softens 1
the surface and decreases the effi
denev of the material used In making
tho road.
Don’t drive in the nit” would be a
splendid motto for all motorists to
adopt and then live up to It would
save millions of dollars annually In
tho building of roads. Increase the
pleasures of the tourist many fold and
In the end save the auto.
Importance of Standardization.
It is quite Important that a person
who frequently drives two or more
different cars should have controls on
all of them of similar action. Throt
tle and spark lever* should have simi
lar movement directions to advance
/»n. retard In all cars. The min’d be
comes automatic in regard to duties
that are done many times exactly
alike, and If changes have to be made
In motions of control of a car, mis
takes are llnblo to occur. What would
you think of having the wheel on one
car steer the car to the right, and on
another to the left with the same
movement, yet such is the way *rlth
control lexers of different cars
SUPERIOR GEAR SHIFT
ELECTRICITY 8AID TO MAKE ITS
OPERATION EASY.
Automobile Drivers Are Expected to
Be Quick to Take Up and Puah
the Idea.
The operation of tho electric gear
shift is extremely easy and the possi
bilities of trouble are eliminated by
its simple electrical and mechanical
construction. Tho “selector” switch
1h arranged with a mechanical Inter
lock, so that one button only may re
main in position at a time. These but
tons control tho operation of a set or
electro magnets, or solenoids as they
are more commonly called. In this con
nection. There Is one solenoid for
each speed forward and reverse. To
the clutch pedal is connected a me
chanical neutral device and a small
mechanical muster switch which com
pletes the circuit to the buttery for
energizing the solenoids or electro
magnets.
When the driver has selected tho
desired speed through his push but
ton or "selector” switch on the steer
ing wheel, the clutch pedal Is pushed
all the way down, fully releasing the
clutch, drawing tho gears from their
previous position to neutral, engaging
the mechanical master switch, closing
tiie electric circuit to the storage hat
tery, energizing tho solenoid selected
by the push button and drawing tho
gear to position Instantly with a pull
of 160 pounds, a far more powerful
pull than is possible to a driver, throw
ing the gears by hand The clutch Is
then engaged In tho ordinary man
ner by the pedal. When another speed
Is desired, tho shift is made Instantly
and tho clutch Is re-engaged as In cus
tomary practice.
The advantages claimed by the use
of this device are (1) it Is unnecessary
to remove the hands from tho wheel
while driving; (2) the driver may al
ways anticipate his speed change be
fore he throws out his clutch pedal;
(31 the clutch is always fully disen
gaged and the gears are always
drawn to neutral mechanically before
a shift Is made, thus rendering It Im
possible to strip a gear; (4) the rapid
ity with which gears may be shifted
in crowded traffic.
Pin* and Bolt* Important.
IMiih and bolts form Important ele
merits In motor car construction, be
Ing present In association with tbe
geur-box. cylinder heads, chassis frame
and flanged Joints. If a bolt has strip
ped its thread, place a pair of dies In !
the stock the sizes ar** all clearly1
marked and by means of the adjust j
able screw set them tightly. Running '
them down the bolt once may be suffi
cient; If not, tighten up a little and!
depeat the process. If an entirely new 1
pin 1s required, three or four such]
trips are necessary. With new nuts, ,
place the same In a vise or in a fixed |
position and Insert a taper tap, screw I
Ing It In by means of the wrench, re-!
move this one and select another the
same size, but of plug type, passing
through two or three times, and so
cutting a clean thread For clearing j
out a thread slightly damaged and
crossed, the plug tap only will general 1
ly effect all that is desired. A plentl I
ful rupply of oil should accompany nil!
screwing operations. The taps and j
dies should always be given a half i
turn forward and a quarter bnck, so i
that a slight advance only Is made i
each time.
Cars Registered In Britain.
The total number of motor cars reg j
istered In Kngland. Scotland, Ireland,!
and Wales until November, 1913. was!
245,912, as compared with over 1,000,
000 motor cars registered in the Uni-1
ted States. As the population of fJreat
Britain Is 45,000,000 and that of the
United States 90.000 000, It will be
seen that the British are using less
than half as many motor cars per unit
of population as Americans.
Expert Examination Necessary.
You will sidestep lots of trouble by
having an expert who understands
your make of car examine your car at
least once each month for beginning
faults. There are many little wrongs
that may quickly become big ones if
not discovered and checked.
i 1 . . •«.' <i
GASOUNE SUPPLY IS FAILING
Growing Necessity for Substitute Dem
onstrated by Big Increase in
Consumption of Fuel.
lip to the time of the introduction of
the motor car the distillation of crude
petroleum was conducted with the ob
ject mainly of getting kerosene or Il
luminating oil and tho lubricating oil
fractions, and tho lighter fractions
from the distillation coming over be
low 160 degrees C. were practically a
waste product. Wh«y). however, the
rapid rise of the motor car begau to
create a demand {or gasoline, the
lighter portion of this fraction proved
itself to be a perfect fuel, and from
being a distillate of almost no value
it haa become the refiner's most pay
ing product, remarks the lx>ndon
Times.
A study of the returns of the im
ports of gasoline Into this country for
the past eight years shows that the
consumption has Increased to a mar
velous extent. In 1905 18,000,000 gal
lons were Imported; In 1911, 70,000,000
gallons, and in 1912, 80,000.000 gallons
were needed to satisfy the demand,
which had more than quadrupled In
seven years. Tho figures for the first
first half of 1912 point to a still fur
ther Increase, and It Is probable that
the complete figures for the year will
show an importation of 100,000,000 gal
lons. The same enormous rate of con
sumption Is found in nenrly overy civ
ilised country, and in America, France
and several other countries tho in
crease has been oven greater.
The production of crude oil, how
ever, has not Increased In the same
ratio; tho 28,500,000 tons obtained In
1905 had grow n, to 50,000,000 tons In
1912, so that tho crude material has
been less than doubled In quantity.
Moreover, the most prolific of tho new
fields, such as those of California,
yielded an oil fnr poorer In the light
fractions than the older Bournes. There
Is every probability, therefore, that
the demand for gasoline will overrun
the supply, and with the price of the
crude oil at the oilfields touching un
precedented figures, there is little like
lihood that the cost of gasoline will
fall.
VACUUM PUMP IS VALVELESS
Water or Other Liquid Is Lifted by
Two Three-Lobe Propellers Which
Are Worked Together.
In the valveless vacuum pump water
or other liquid is lifted by two .three
lobe impellers, which work together
Valvelesa Vacuum Pump.
like tho parts of a gear, says thn Pop
ular Mechanics. These impellers, how
ever, are not In contact with each
other or with tho sides of tho cham
ber. the return water, lying on the
tops of the Impellers, acting as a suf
ficient seal. The course of the liquid
In passing through tho pump Is shown
by the arrows.
'
F*nlly one-third of the coal consumed
in Berlin is In briquet form.
• • •
r-ess quicksilver was produced In
i the United States last year than In
, any year since 1860.
• • •
Arizona Last year made new high
records for the production of gold, sil
ver, copper, lead and zinc.
• • •
Bolivia Is the world's second largest
producer of tin, the main supply com
■ Ing from the Malay straits.
• • •
Granulated glass Is being tried as a
preservative for the surface of wood In
England with much success.
• • •
Shafts sunk into a coil field In Ger
many. which has been oumlng several
years, revealed «« veins of blazing
coal.
• • •
TTlah, which had a record production
of copper in 1912, exceeded that year's
figures and made a still higher record
last year
• • •
Designing, etching nnd engraving of
fine hook plates Is a thriving profes
sion In Vienna. Some of the greenest
artists are engaged In the production
of these works.
SPIRAL HINGE CLOSES DOOlt
Law of Gravity Is Takan Advantage of
by Washington Man in Perfecting
Appliance for Building.
Hy taking advantage of the law or
gravity, a Washington (D. C.) man has
Invented a hinge which also acts as a
spring Spiral metal strips are screwed
at top and bottom and middle of tb»
door casing. Other metal strips, with
slots for the spiral to pass through,
are fastened to the door at corre
sponding distances and form the
hinges When door is opened it rides up
on the spirals, clearing rugs, carpets,
mats, or whatever else may be at
the bottom. Then, when the pressure
on the door Is released it settles of
Its own weight and closes slowly aud"
gently as the enclosing stripe slide
down the spiral. There Is no necea
Novel Door Spring. ,
•lty to have a pneumatic device at
tached to prevent the door from clow
lug with u bang, an is the case with
many other spring doors. These spiral
springs ore made or strong metal
that will not rust or break, und aw
they ure kept lubricuted automat
ically, there Is no squeaking or grat
lug noise.
COATING FOR STEEL SURFACE
Machine Oil Brushed Over Surface of
Plowshare, Saw Blade or Other
Tool, Will Keep It Bright.
Ordtnury machine oil is useful it*
another way than that of preventing
friction between the bearings of work
ing machinery. A coating of it quick
ly brushed over the bright Burface of
a plowshare, u Haw blade, or any steel
tool, will keep that surface bright for
many days when not in use. Thlw
practice will often prevent the begin*
ning of the rusting process.
When these tools and the farm ma
chinery are Htored away for several
weekB or months, a heavier and mom
lasting coating will bo needed to pro
tect such surfaces well. We give hem
an old tried recipe for a mixture of
this kind which will give the required
protection:
Melt together one pound of fresbr
lard and u lump of resin the ulze of w
walnut. The lard should bo first heat
ed the resin powdered and then add
ed. Any surface coated with this Mix
ture will be protected from moisture
and rusting for months to come, and It
Is so simple a preventive that a sup
ply ought to be on hand In the corner
of every tool shed.
NEW DRILL FOR EXCAVATING
Especially Adaptable for Use In Corv
nectlon With Rock and Earth For
mations—Cutters Detachable.
The Scientific American In deacrib
Ing a drill invented by F. H. Weather*
by of ifouRton, Tex., Hnya:
The invention relates to drills for
general use und more particularly to
drills especially adapted for use in
connection with rock and earth forma
lions. The more particular purpose Is
to provide a drill In which there are
a number of separate cutters detach
ably secured upon a head. The varl
oils cutters are removable and replace
able independently of one another.
In operation, the parts being arranged
and assembled, the ahank is connected
with the operating mechanism of the
drill and being forced against the
Excavating Drill.
earth is caused to rotate. The cuttert
are thus caused to revolve, the teeth
being brought Into operative engage
ment with the earth, rock or other ma
terlal to be cut.”
New Farm Tractor.
A new form of farm tractor, built'
to travel over the softest soils, con
sists of a pair of board spiked wheels
on a frame to be fastened under an
automobile's driving wheels and take
power from Its motor.
Iron Ore Deposits.
At the present rate of consumption
and with modern methods of produc
tion the world s known Iron ore de
posits are estimated by experts t®
supply the demand for WO years.

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