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GEORGE P. SARGENT, PUBLISHER, & PROPRIETOR! Volcano West 77*. From Preston County. West Union-, ^ December 23d, 1S73.J Editor of the Lubricator Snugly ensconsed at the Homer House better than which none exists ? located within a genial clime, among people of hospitable hearts, open doors and happy homes, we stretch our hand across the space which divides us from the old county of Wood, which nestles herself down upon the sunny shores of the histrionic Ohio, and bid you and your readers, in all exuberance and honesty of heart, a merry Christmas and a happy New Year. Peace and prosperity, joy and happiness go with you, one and all, down to the edge of time. THE FREE PIPE BILL. We thank thee for a regular cofry of the Lubricator, and especially do we thank thee for a copy of the paper con taining the burlesque of our old friend ? Five Mile Johnson ? upon the free pipe bill. We are curious to know how Scott of Ritchie, and the snob, Caldwell, of Wirt, voted upon this all absorbing question to the oil men of West Virginia. Can you not give us more information upon the proceed ings of these gentlemen during.the adjourned session ? The people all over the itate are clamoring icr more light upon the public acts of their ser yants; and it is high time that Demo cratic papers, at least, as guardians of the public weal, should break the seal of silence, and speak to their constitu ency of the things whereof they do know which are contrary and in direct opposition to the best interests of the people of this State. We have been sending gentlemen to the legislaturei endowed with the law-making power, the most sacred trust within the gift of a people, who are either publicly or clandestinely engaged in subverting common justice by pressing bills upon the attention of that august body, and Irom it upon the attention of their constituency in the form of laws, which are, to draw it mild, yet bluntly, an insult to the understanding of any man who is capable of the manage ment of an ordinary stud-horse. We remember to have seen in the hands of one of your prominent oper ators, before the convening of the leg islature, the draft of a free pipe bill which was simple and just of itself to the oil men of the State, and asked no advantage not accorded to the rail roads, or any other corporation of like nature, only condemning so much land as was absolutely needed for the laying of pipes, and providing for the return of the land, free of cost, to the owner of adjoining lands, when the pipe line should be abandoned or removed. Its application was to be general all over the State, without any distinction in favor of this or that mo nopoly ? this or that railroad magnate. What became of the above bill ? Why was it not introduced in the lower House, or in the Senate, as an amendment to the bill introduced by Five Mile Joh/isor. ? WHERE IS OCR PET ? Where is Senator Camden, and what is he doing, that he does not pro test against this discrimination against the oil producers of the State, as to where they shall make their market, on whose railroad they shall ride, and where they shall buy their grub ? Is it possible, as it seems on the face, that Johnson and Caldwell and Scott are only the strumpets of the King in the person of our pet Senator, and di iector of the Baltimore & Ohio mo nopoly, and only wag their jaws at the bidding of a master behind the throne? We hope not. We do not like to be lieve ill of Mr. Camden ? we do not like to believe ill of any member of the State government whom the people have honored with their suffrages, until by negligence to the interests of the masses, they have forfeited their right to the respect which is the due of hon orable and just dealing men. We hope, for the sake of justice toward a deserv ing and enterprising set of men, as well as justice to himself, that the Honorable Senator from Parkersburg, will break the silence which has closed his Hps for so Ion-, upon a subject so important, and declare himself in favor of an unconditional free pipe bill ? in dependent of railroads or railroad offi cials. WHAT PENNSYLVANIA DOES FOR , HER OIL MEN. It has been the earnest labor of the Pennsylvania legislature, since the dis covery of o'l in that State, to open everv avenue, and give every facility within the power of the State govern I merit to give? to the oil producers lor t the transportation of their product to I the most distant markets of the world, j Supposing she had discriminated! against free pipe lines, the Allegheny | river and the Ohio river as in favor of the Pennsylvania railroad, where would Parkersburg refiners and Parkersburg prosperity be to day ? Vet, this is the very thing which the bill offered by Johnson aims at ? it robs us of cheap transportation, by keeping ?s away from the waters of the Ohio and its tributaries ? dictates to us in reality, where we may or may not sell our oil, and selects the railroad by which we must ship, if we would sell in Balti more, Philadelphia or New York ? and gives the Pennsylvania producers as against the producers of this State, the entire control of the river, with markets of Cincinnatti, Louisville, St, Louis and New Orleans, not to men tion an hundred others of little less magnitude, closed to us, IF HOT, M ITY NOT? Why arc we noi permitted to come within five miles of the centre of the river, and enjoy the benefits of these markets with our Pennsylvania friends? Is it to fill the coffers of the omnipo tent B. & O. road, or the pockets of a few individuals interested in tank cars at Parkersburg. Speak, Camden, speak ! For you must know of these things, and can answer. IS IT CONSTITUTIONAL ? ? BROTHER CHURCH. We were under the impression that no special legislation could be 1 ad in this State under the provisions of the new constitution. If such should be the case, the bill, as offered by John son, must be unconstutional, for it. is a special enactment, applying only to four counties of the State. After all, it may be only a dodge of Brother Church to defeat the measure during the present session. We can hardly bring ourselves to believe, that so un just a provision as is contained in the closing paragraph of the bill, could re ceive the approbation even of a gull like Caldwell. LEGISLATION WANTED. The counties of Preston. Tuckei' Barbour, and many others in this sec tion of the State, are suffering daily for the want of some law, which will enable settlers, after an occupation of. and improvement of land for a limited number of years, to hold in fee one hundred and fifty acres and receive a deed for the same from the authorities of the State. Such an act would be a blessing of incalcuable value, adding thousands upon thousands of acres to the cultivated area of the Common wealth, dotting it with bright homes, and filling the land with plenty.* Three years of unmolested occupation is the longest time that should be required of the settler before receiving his deed from the State. It would do away with an immense amount of litigation which now occupies the time of the Courts, and give a greater impulse to the flow of emmigration within our borders, than all the Commissioners that can be apointed between now and doomsday. We are in favor of State aid. if needs be, and the appointment of State Commissioners to assist and invite foreign artezans and foreign la borers to our shore, and make them heartilv welcome, but first let us pro vide a way for them to make homes with us, by doing away with the old land grants, issued by our forefathers, of one or two hundred years ago, to Tom, Dick and the devil, three or four deep, on the same track of land. Our attention was called, a few days since, to a tract of magnificent timber and farming land, in Tucker county, containing several thousand acres, to which it was claimed by our informant, there were seventeen different owners, from as many quarters of the globe all paying taxes, and all waiting the time when a railroad shall come, to nett them magnificent fortunes for their timber and coal and iron and lead. May we not prophecy a happy time in Israel, when they come to know one another ? have we a Simon Cameron among us t' When the great Simon, better known in davs gone by, as the " Win nebago chief," resigned his commis sion and withdrew from the fathership of, God knows how many half-breeds, for there are yet many who bear mark of kin to the honor.ible Senator, and relaxed his hold upon the purse of un cle Sam which opened to clothe and feed that dirty, squalid, nasty filthy race of red men known as the Winne bagoes, he retired to his home, situate on the banks of the beautiful Susqu hana, in Pennsylvania, with a snffi cient fortune to set himself and his brother up in the land business. Some people accused Simon of stealing ? even Uncle Sam intimated as much, but we don't believe it ? for his repub lican heart is of necessity virtuous, und he loves his friends, as witness his steadfastness toward the Oregon Sen ator who came into the Senate from that State with unclean hands. ]*e .hat as it may, however, after three 1 years as Indian a<j;ent, he was able to buy thousands of aeies of the best farming and coal lands in Pennsylva nia, extending from Milton to Louis burg, from Louisburg to Sunbury and Northumberland, no betrer than which either for farming or mineral pur poses, is there, even in that State of fabulous mineral and farming re sources. Him and his brother adopt ed the tenant system, and now you may travel mile after mile in I he coun ties of Union, Luserne, Northumber land and Wyoming, and meet not an owner of the soil ? they all belong to Simon & Brother, and the State is fast drifting into the hands of a landed aristocracy ? the existence of which is a curse to be deplored by the nation where it prevails, and is a curse to the State, and an evil and sore affliction upon any people. A PARALLEL. As a parallel case, except, perhaps, in the Winnebago matter, in our own State, we may mention the nftme of the Hon. Henry G. Davis, U. S. Sen ator elect from West Virginia. On what meat this, our Crcsar has fed of late, that he has grown so great, is more than your correspondent can di vine; but, certain it is, that he and his amiable brother, are fastening to all the valuable wild lands within reach, buying both large and small tracts, until, we are creditably informed, their acres now number one hundred thousand. These lands lay along the Black Fork of Cheat and its tributa taries, stretching across to and along the North Bank of the Potomac, con taining some of as fine farming lands os there is in the State, and as fine mineral and timber land as there is in the world. Coal, iron and other min erals are here without end. A THOUSAND HOMES ? HOW THE SET TLER CAN BUY THE LAND. Here is land enough to make a thousand homes of a hundred acres each, held by one bold and daring speculator for a future rise? and this man our national representative ? while the papers and people of the State are groaning and whining be cause emigrants and industrious men of other States do not come here to utilize and make fertile the uncultiva ted lands which are within the grasp of greedy speculators. Send one of your unsophisticated German settlers to the Senator to buy a fa:m. and 'he colloquy which would ensue would be | to this effect : " Senator, I under stand you have some land, and I wish to purchase me a small farm of a hun. dred and fifty or two hundred acres ; what do you ask for it ? I have land, sir, which I will sell you for three or five dollars per acre, according to lo cation, but I reserve the right to the timber and minerals. After they are I removed, the balance is yours." This don't enter into the German settlers notions of ownership; if he buys land, and understands his business, as most of them do, he buys from the centre of the earth up. He is not favorably im pressed with the tactics of West Vir ginia speculators, and turns his atten tion toward Illinois, Wisconsin, Iowa. Minnesota, Michigan, Missouri and Texas, where he can purchase of less greedy land-sharks, and goes on, add ing by his persevering industry and skill, to the strength, wealth and im portance of the land of his adoption THE BASIS OF TAXATION. Tlic esse of the Honorable Senator is no exception. There are thousands of acres of land in this scction of the State, owned by speculators, who re side in Pennsylvania and New York, and elsewhere, that would support a population of thousands, and who in turn, would add millions to the resour ces of the Commonwealth by the re sult of their industry, could these lands be thrown open to settlement. Take you the trouble to step into the Court House of Tucker county, and you will find these valuable lands ap praised at from twelve and a half to twenty-five ccnts per acre, which makes the taxes merely nothing; while the real settlers, who have spent years of toil in clearing up and settling up their lands, and makiug roads for the benefit of these nabobs, are made to dance to the full extent of their ability on the tax roll. THE REMEDY. There is a remedy for this evil ? one which we will warrant, in a few years, to throw every foot of available land in West Virginia open to the invasion of the woodman's axe and the plough share, and make the general din of in dustry ring from valley to hill-top, where now is to be found only the deep, dark, solemn old wilderness. Let the State, by a general enactment, authorize the proper authorities ol each county to levy a tax on all tracts of land, exceeding five hundred acres, whicn are unoccupied, of fifteen cents per acre, half to go toward the erection of more school houses in the scattered school districts of each coun ty where the tax is levied, and the other half to maintain and keep in or der the public roads. At this rate Mr. Davis & Brother would pay annually, fatten thousand dollars into the treas ury, which is much needed hereabout) and their peers, in the land businessi in the same proportion. Our word for it, such an enactment as the above will do more toward populating the State, and bringing out herimense resources, in a given time, than all the legislation and individual eflort that has been made since the landing of John Smith and the good old days of Miss I'oco hontas, when Injuns were virtuons. DEER PARK. The great summer resort, being built up in the interests of Senator Davis and the Baltimore & Ohio rail road, is situate on the highest point of the Allegheny mountains, over which the road alluded to passes. The grounds are beautifully laid out, and | the hotel large and commodious, and it I is realiy pleasant place to go to spend the heated tei'm, hut rather ex pensive for a poor cuss and his family with an income of less than twenty thousand per annum. THE EASY SENATOR. Here, during the summer months' with his broad acres of iron and coal and the finest masts and spars within all our knowledge, reaching out for miles to the right and left before him, sits our serene and complacent Sena tor fiddling his time, and, no doubt, maturing laws for the amelioration of the condition of the Hottentots, while school houses are two and three miles apart in his own State. TROUBLE IN* THE KITCHEN. We are not credibly informed who acts as mine host to this famous hotel, whether Mr. Davis, or the President of the B. & O. road, but, be that as it may, the head of the house concluded that it should be conducted upon high ly moral and intellectual principles, so an agent was forthwith dispatched to the Hub of the universe to secure the services of one hundred she blonds, to act in the capacity of famines de chambrc and waiters generally. They were secured, and all went as meriy as a marriage bell for nearly a month when, one lovely morning, without so much as a warning note from the loved ones, a hundred indignant and out raged females arrayed in hues the color of the rainbow, appeared at the captains office,' and demanded their co lateral, receiving which ? "Away thev flew on a buzzing- wing, And they did not stop Until they reached a groccri shop," where, we are told, they succeeded in securing their tickets giving them transportation back to Boston and the land of the pilgrim fathers. An in vestigation into the cause of this diffi culty with the fair daughters of '"Down East," we believe, has never been or dered, but next summer, it has been determined that no unnecessary petti coats shall hang in the loft of that es tablishment, and guests will be waited upon by kin as near unto the pure Congo as can be had in the Union. WEST VIRGINIA IMPROVEMENT COM" PANY. We will endeavor in our next letter, to give the readers of your paper some idea of the workings of the "West Virginia Improvement Company." Your readers, especially your oil pro ducing readers, will remember the rise and fall of the "South Improvement Company," of Pennsylvania, which had for its object the entire control of the petroleum oil interests of the Un ion, and who were to handle the pri vate fortunes of individuals and the interests of communities as their own unrestrained inclination and sublime will should dictate. Under tne delu sive plea of great public benefactors, they had even secured their charter, and all the legislation necessary to carry out their damnable programme was graciously extended by the legis latures of New York, Pennsylvania and Ohio. That legislation was only repealed, and the charter taken from the wouldrbe assassins of the oil inter ests of the nation after one of the most stormy up-risings of the people of Pennsylvania which has probably oc curred since the Buckshot war. The conspirators had taken into their part nership a portion, and securcd the co-operation of the balance of the great trunk lines of railroad which have been built to tap and receive the trade of the Pennsylvania oil regions, and it was only by superhuman effort that the people finally succeeded in releas ing their throats from the grip which the monster monopoly had succeeded in fastening upon them in so short a time. The question is ? have we a similar Institution among us, under the patronage of the States of West Virginia and Maryland, and manipu lated by Mr. Davis, the Baltimore & Ohio railroad officials, and other gen tlemen of this State, whom we do not care at present to mention ? We ask for light, and hope that you or your readers will be ab!e to indulge us to to something new on this subject. PRESTON OIL COMPANY. This company, we are led to believe, 'Continued on 3d page.) -2 "all SIS vi - O 'IS CO ? C O o GO TO R.J.A.Boreman's ^ B ;?+ CO 0 ? < | * ]B ^ la's a S 3 |C"? 5 I'D -C +? o y / o ,? ?? K > FOR BLANK, SCHOOL AND MISCELLANEOUS BOOKS! Stationery, Chromos, Gold Pens, & c. WHOLESALE & RETAIL. ORDERS SOLICITED. CORNER COURT SQUARE tfi MAJlKET ST, TARKERSBURG, WEST VA M. J. OBRIEN. W. S. O'BRIEN M. J. O'Brien & Bro., MANUFACTURERS AXD DEALERS IJ? PORTABLE AND STATIONARY ENGINES, Oil Well Tools , Fixtures , Working Baivels, Valves, Suchm Hods , Gum and Leather Belting, New Bedford Drilling Cables, and General Assortment llope, Packing Yams, tic., &c. Also, the largest and most complete Stock of Fittings in this sectiot #4 the country. Our facilities for Machine Work, style of finish, price. etc., are such that we defy competition in this line. C3T" We have recently added to our Blacksmith Shop a STEAM HAM. - MER, which enables us (on short notice) to fill all orders with promptness. We solicit an examination of our stock before purchasing elsewhere. M. J. O'BRIEN & BRO., Lode Box 10, VOLCANO, West Va. M. J. O'BRIEN & BRO. AGENTS FOR WEST VA. FOR TITUSVILLE MANUFACTURING CO MANUFACTURERS OF STEAM ENGINES, BOILERS, STEEL JAR^. OIL WELL TOOLS, RIG IRONS, &C. TITUSVILLE, PENNSYLVANIA. W. C. ALLISON & SONS. Junction Car Works and Flue Mill, 32 & WALNUT STS., PHILADELPHIA, PA. TUBING AND CASING. We call especial attention to Oil operators to our Patent Soclset Tub - illff which is now being used by operators throughout the country with great satisfaction. Best Manufacture of Well Fittings, etc., etc., M. J. O'BRIEN & BRO., Sole Agents for Ohio and West Va. JAMES M'CONAHY, C/5 <U CJ -t? > ? CD 2. Clocks and Musical Instruments. COURT ST. I'ARKERSBURG, W. VA.