OCR Interpretation


West Virginia walking beam. (Volcano, W. Va.) 1879-188?, December 04, 1880, Image 2

Image and text provided by West Virginia University

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86092476/1880-12-04/ed-1/seq-2/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for

M lirpia Walking hi
TAX A. ZETELT, I*ublUl?or.
PARKERSBURG. : : W. VA.
GENERAL NEWS SUMMARY.
?
Interesting Home and Foreign News.
Domestic.
The Detroit river was full of floating
Ice on the -M, averaging from four to tire
inches in thickness. Lake St. Clair was fro
zen over.
Ejoof.vi.lt Hiptata, a Bombay mer
chant prince, arrived at New York City on
the 21st, on a visit to this country. He has
with him four wives and many servants.
Governor James D. Williams, of
Indiana, died at Indianapolis on the 20th.
lie was taken sick on the day of the Presi
dential election. His disease was inflamma
tion of the bladder, with which he had been
afflicted for about lifteen years. Governor
Williams was born in 1S03.
At a meeting at Wichita, Kan., on
the 20th. of the parties interested In the Oklo
hama Colony scheme, it was arranged that
the colonv would move in a body from the
Kansas, "Texas and Arkansas lines on the 6th
of December. Thev have drawn up a letter
addressed to the Resident and Congress,
asking; that the army be prevented from inter
fering with them.
The official vote of Minnesota is as
follows: Gartield, 93,903; Hancock, 53,31(5;
Garfield's majority. 40,567.
The annual report of the Commis
sioner of Pensions shows that on June 30
there were over 250,000 pensioners on the
rolls, entailing an expenditure of $50,000,000
annually. There are over 300,000 unsettled
pensiou claims in the L* nited States, of which
?30,000 are the result of the recent Arrearages
act.
In a speech at the Lotus Club recep
tion to General Grant, at New York City on
the 20th, Whitelaw Reid, of the New York
Tribune, proposed a Captain-Generalship in
the army for General Grant, and that all re
tiring ex-Presidents be made life Senators.
General Grant replied: "Now in regard to
the future of myself, which has been
alluded to here, I am entirely satisfied
as I am to-day. I am not one of those
who cry out" against Republics, and
charge them with being ungrateful. I am
sure that as regards the American people as
a Nation, and as individuals, I have even
reason under the sun. if any person really has",
to be satisfied with their treatment of me. I
hope to have many years yet of life. I believe
that I am in quite vigorous health, forty-eight
years of age and have been for the last ten
years and if I can render mv coun
try any service iu any way I should
certainly be very happv to'do it. But as 1 am
of the aire of fortV-eight vears, as I say, I am
beyond the period of volunteering, and if I
am ever wanted in any way I shall have to be
pressed into service. But n<>t being obstinate
at all, I .-hall have to submit to those who
have experience in getting me anywhere that
will be entirely comfortable to myself."
TnE Alexander Hamilton statue was
unveiled in Central Park, New York, on the
The official vote of Michigan is as
follows: Gartfekl, 185.195; Hancoct, 131,301;
"Weaver. 34.893; Dow, 942.
There was a severe gale on Lake
Onfario on the 22d. Several vessels went
ashore, but as far as known no Jives were
lost.
W. C. Fish and Peter Schultz were
# severely injured by a boiler explosion at To
ledo, Ohio, ou the 22d.
At Napa, Cal., on the 22d, five chil
dren of Charles Bochriager were burned to
death while locked in a house during the ab
sence of their parents.
The horses attaehed to a lager beer
. wagon, at New York City, ran away on the
23d and dashed the wagon .against a street
car, entirely wrecking it and throwing It from
the track. Four men and three women were
in the car, and two of the former and two of
the latter were seriously injured.
Seven' hundred boats were ice
hound in the Erie canal, between Rochester
and Utica, on the 2M.
President Hayes says he is not a
candidate for the United States Senate, nor
lor any other position.
A new census is to be taken in South
Carolina to set at rest all doubts as to the cor
rectness of the official count.
Lieutenant-Governor Gray of In
diana was. on the 22d, installed in the va
cancy caused by Governor Williams' death.
Lake navigation was practically closed
<*V1
uu me ?au*
United States Treasurer Gil
fillax's annual report shows that the re
ceipts of the Government compare very fa
vorably with those of the previous year and
show an increase from customs, internal rev
enue an<l sales of public lands of $59,181,550.
The balance of public money on deposit
in the Treasury and subjeet to draft at
the close of "business June 30, 18S0,
was $417.223, 7(>7. Fifty-eight National banks
were organized during the year; five
failed and twenty-one went into voluntary
liquidation, leaving 2,102 doing business.
Hon. J. Floyd King, Congressman
from the Fifth Louisiana District, has written
a letter to the President In regard to the out
rage report of H. B. Lanier, in which he says
Lanier no more needs United States troops
than does Kaum in the Treasury, or than he
(King) does while attending the sessions
of Congress. King says Lanier is short in
his accounts in a large amount as State tax
collector and has more than once been en
gaged in desperate broils, not political, re
sulting in the death of his antagonists.
J. Hyatt Smith, member-elect of the
Third Sew York Congressional District, Justin
D. Fulton, Theodore L. Cuyler and others,
have petitioned the President to restore Cadet
Whittaker to his former place and position at
West Point.
The National Grange, Patrons of Hus
bandry, in convention at Washington, D. C.,
on the 23d, adopted a resolution advocating
that the office of Commissioner of Agricul
ture be changed to Secretary of Agriculture,
and the officer be made a" member of the
President's Cabinet.
A present from Queen Victoria to
the President of the United States was re
ceived at the White House ou the 23d, in the
shape of a massive desk from the timber of
Her Majesty's ship Resolute.
Five persons were fataEy poisoned
at a wedding reception at Kingston, Tenn.,
on the 23d, by arsenic used in the cake in
stead of soda. Thirty more guestc were dan
gerously ilL
Bex Hasselman, an inmate <*f the St.
Peter (Minn.) Asylum, was arrestad on the
23d on suspicion of having tired the iuilding.
He made a confession that he comm&ted the
deed. He savs he was badlv treated and
tried to bum the building down in revenge.
He was considered a mild case and ailowed
the run of the building.
Judge Robert J. Breckexridge, of
Louisville, Ky., has been appointed Supreme
Treasurer of th? Knights of Honor.
A bank in process of excavation an
the Hastings & Dakota Railroad, fell upon
the men working under it, on the 23d, killing :
instantiv Thomas Pitzpatriek, James Ward,
Prank Johnson and Perry Sommers, and in
juring Abe Parson so that he will probablv
die. 1
The official vote of New Jersey stands j
allows: Hancock, 122,365; Garfield, 120,- '
553; Weaver, 2.617; Dow, 195.
The printing department of Hostetter <
<fc Smith's stomach bitters manufactory at
Pittsburgh, was destroyed by lire on the 23d. i
Loss about $40,000. The main building was t
but slightly damaged. ..
The steamer Bradford City, from Bos
ton to Liverpool, lost 476 head of cattle on her i
last ; assage. j
Seven million bushels of grain was c
Ice-bound in the >'e*r York canals on the 23d. ^
Professor James C. Watson*, an
eminent scientist and astronomer, of the Wis
consin State University, at Madison, died on
the 23d.
The CJrand Jury at New York City,
on the 24th, presented an indictment against
James O'Brien, alias Robert Lindsey, for per
jury in testimony given before Justice Davis
in the Morey Chinese letter.
Bv reason of a mistake of some of
the election officers in Indiana the votes cast
for Benjamin G. Parker as Elector on the Re
publican ticket in several counties in the
State were returned for Thomas W. Bennett,
who was not a candidate. Tin- tickets for the
whole State were printed by the State Central J
Committee and were correct, but the poll
books and tally sheets, which were, under
the law, provided bv the local authorities, con
tained bv mistake the name of Bennett, who
had declined, and for whom Parker had been
substituted. The attention of the election
officers and local committee in every precinct
in the State was called to the change, and
every precaution urged to see that the proper
corrections were made in the tally sheets and
poll -books, and it is only by the care
lessness of the election officers that the votes
that were cast for Benjamin L. Parker should
be returned for Thomas W. Bennett. The
error alfects several thousand votes and un
der certain circumstances may lead to a cer
tificate being given to one of the Ilaucock
Electors, who has received a larger vote on
the face of the returns thau that counted for
Parker.
Twenty-five buildings at Coalville,
Pa., including the business part of the town,
were destroyed by fire on the night of the 24th.
The amount of National bank notes
outstanding on November 1, 1SSC, was $342,
0(53,457; legal-tender notes, S34C.CS1, 016: total, :
1888,744,467.
TnE military commander of the Ute
reservation has been instructed to repel any
and all intrusion by force.
The total estimates of appropriations
for the various departments of the Govern
ment for the official vear ending June 30,
1881, compiled by the Secretary of the Treas
ury from the estimates of the chiefs of the
departments in the Government service, and
to be presented to Congress when it convenes
was made public on the 24th. The grand total
asked for is $2i'8, 202, 722.28, as against *275,
097,3(34.39 in the estimates of the last year.
The dwelling of J. C. Lukcr, eight
miles from Bradford, Pa., burned on the
evening of the 24th, the family just having
time to escape in their night clothes. A little
boy was so badly burned that he died a few
hours after.
J. F. Di'XN was killed at Alma, Cal.,
on the 25th, by a snow slide which carried him
3,000 feet down the mountain side.
The Chinese treaty recently signed
at Peking secures to this country control and
regulation of the introduction of Chinese la
borers by our owu legislation.
One wing of the Western Pennsyl
vania Penitentiary at Allegheny City was de
stroyed by fire ou the 25th. The wing, which
was 200 feet long, contained about fifty cells,
occupied by uearly 100 convicts, who were
quietly removed to other quarters. None of
the prisoners attempted to escape.'
A syndicate of American and En
glish brokers has been formed to furnish $40.
000,000 to complete the Northern Pacific Rail
way.
The remains of Mrs. C. H. Noyes,
wife of a prominent lawyer of Warren, Pa.,
were cremated in the Le Moyne furnace at
Washington, Pa., on the 25th. This makes
the sixth person cremated since its erection.
Forelrn.
The Panama Star and ITcrald says
the American schooner May E. Hall, bound
for David with a general cargo, was stopped
by the Chilian steamer Amazonas on the 9th
of November. Two blank shots were fired
from the Amazonas as a signal for the
schooner to stop, which the Captain evident
ly did not understand and continued on his
course. This aroused suspicion and two
shells were fired at the schooner which was
then hove to. The cargo was examined and
found ?o be general merchandise. On learn
ing the nationality and character of the ves
sel the Chilian commander sent an apology to
the Captain.
A large number of Roumanian Jews
are preparing to emigrate to Pennsylvania.
War between Egypt and Abyssinia
Is imminent.
The Nihilists at St. Petersburg have
distributed among the workmgmen a violently
seditious address.
The steamer Ortiga came in collision,
on the morning of the 24th, with the French
steamer Oncle Joseph, near Spezzia, Greece.
The Oncle Joseph was so much injured that
she soon sank. She had 800 persons on board,
only about fiftj of whom were saved.
Dervish Pasha entered Dulcigno on
the 24th, after a slight engagement with the
Albanians.
The peace negotiations between
Peru, Bolivia and Chili fell through because
Chili demanded concessions of a large portion
of territory which Peru refused to give up.
LATE R.
A tarty of five miners going from
Georgetown, Col., to North Park, on the 20th
ult, were precipitated in an immense snow
slide in Continental Divide. C. H. Eaton
and Thomas Granz were killed and James
Frazer had a thigh broken in two places. The
lemaining two, Nelson and Sandler, escaped
with severe bruises. The party had been out
in the storm five (lavs ami were nearly fam
ished when the accident occurred.
The official vote of Maine is as fol
lows: Garfield Electors, 74,039; Hancock,
35,171; Weaver, straight, 4,4S0; Dow, 92;
scattering, 127; Garfield's majority overall,
4,167.
Marcus DeLa fayette Haxley was
handed at Salem, Va., ou the 2Gth ult., for the
murder of Zachariah Hayes in June, 1379.
The Independent Republican Associa
tion of New York having issued an address to
General Garfield, congratulating him upon
the result of the recent National election, and
calling upon him to establish rules for en
trance to all subordinate positions which shall
make ascertained merit the sole test of ap
pointment, discarding both partisan service
and party affiliation from the list of qualifi
cations, General Garfield replied that he
hoped to have the co-operation of Congress in
establishing a legal basis for all routine ap
pointments, so that it should not be in the
power of anybody, even the President, to re
move any capable and faithful appointee dur
ing his term of office, whether the term be
long or short.
As the family carriage of James John
son, of Lake wood, N. J., was crossing the
New Jersey Southern Railroad track on the
2lith ult. it was struck by a freiirht train.
The carriage ?ras com pletely demolished, both
horses killed, and Mr. Johnson, his daughter
in-law and her infant child were thrown into
a suow bank twenty feet distant. The in
juries of Mr. Jo&nson and his daughter will
probably prove fatal. The child was but.
slightly hurt.
Dclcigno was surrendered to the
Montenegrins by Dervlsch Pasha personally
on the 26th ult.
A Washixgtok dispatch says there
is about $$3,000,000 in gold bullion standing
to the credit of the United States Treasurer,
out of which it has been decided tocoin month
ly $10,0*10,000 of the denomination of $5 and '
f 10. The work will be performed at the Phil- I
adelphia Mint.
The annual report of the Register of ,
the Treasury stales that the total tonnage of i
Lhe country exhibits a decrease of 101,566 j
ions, the enrolled tonnage having increased i
J7.751 tons, while the registered tonnage de
ceased 133,723 tons. The arnouut of build
ng has ?-een less by 30,620 tons thin the pre
:eding year.
Two men were killed and three se
riously injured by the falling of a scaffold at
he Harlem, N. Y., Railway bridge on the
!6tti ult.
The schooner L. D. Fish, of Bath,
He., stranded on the outward Diamond Shoa^
it Cape Ilatteras on the 26th ult. The
rew consisted of seven men, all of whom were
Irowaeij, except G. TV. Suowman, the master.
The I'ost? Office Department*
Washington, November 23.
The annual report of the Postmaster-Gen
eral is made public. It begins with the re
mark by Mr. Maynard that as ho took charge
Of the Department only on the 20th of August
last ho speaks of it historically and as he finds
it, with little reference to his own administra
tion, which did not commence until after tho
expiration of tho fiscal year, with whose trans
actions the preseut report is chiefly con
cerned.
Mr. Maynard says he has carefully reviewed
tho estimates submitted by Assistant Post
master-General Brady for the next fiscal
year's mail transportation in all its branches,
and approves all of them, as being in accord
ance with the probable requirements of the
service. An appropriation is recommended
for the continuance of the special mail facili
ties on railroads, such as extra trains with
mails only, and acceleration of regular trains
carrying mails, etc.. which the people have en
joyed for several years past.
The report further says: " It is not doubted
that regular and frequent means of mail
steamship communication with Mexican, Cen
tral American, South American and trans
pacific ports would prove important auxilia
ries to American commerce, and I think it
would be a wise measure of public policy to
encourage by appropriate legislation the estab
lishment by our citizens of American Tncs of
steamers to such of said ports as will in the
judgment of Congress promote our commer
cial interests. I think it would bo a wise
measure to so amend the general law on the
subject as to authorize the payment by tho
Postmaster-General of just and reasonable
compensation, within tho prescribed maxi
mum limit, and commensurate with the im
portance of tho services performed, to such
lines of American steamers as may bo em
ployed under contract by this Department in
transporting mails of the United States to
Mexican, Central American, South American
and trans-Pacific ports.
"The money-order system continues to grow
in popular favor. Tho Superintendent of the
system suggests a plan for the reduction of
fees which seems to mo entirely feasible, and
which is commended to the attention of Con
gress. Briefly stated, his plan is to reduce tho
fee for money-orders not exceeding $."> to five
cents, aud to extend the maximum limit of an
order from $50 to $100, so that the increased
commissions received for large orders may
offset the loss resulting from the reduced fee
for small orders."
The foreign money-order business and oper
ations of the letter-carrier system are reported
in a highly satisfactory condition.
Mr. Maynard renews tho recommendations
of his predecessor for legislative authority to
accopt and to carry into effect the provisions
of an article of the Universal Postal Union
Convention, concluded at Paris Juncl, 1878,
respecting the payment of limited indemnity
for registered articles of tho Postal
Union, tho origin and address of
which maybe lost or stolen during the trans
mission through the mails; and also for such
modification of the provisions of the net of
March 1870, as will authorize the adoption
by the Secretary of the Treasury and I'ost
master-Genetal of regulations providing for
delivery by mail to addresses at offices ol' des
tination in the United States, subject to pay
ment of customs dutiesthercon,of any pnck< t
of dutiable mail matter received in the mails
from foreign countries. He is of the opinion
also that authority to transmit and deliver du
tiable articles of mail matter to addresses j
through the mail, subject to the payment of
customs duties thereon, should not be re- I
strictcd to such mail matter as is now ex
changeable in the Universal Postal Union
mails, but should embrace all articles of du- I
tiable matter received in the mails from other
The Postmaster-General suggests the estab
lishment of a "postal-savings" system, and
also of postal telegraphs, in this countrj in th
following terms: "One of my predecessors
some years sincc recommended the incorpo
ration into the Department of a system of
postal savings. The subject has from time to
time occupied the attention of Congress. For
several years the system has been in opera
tion in the United Kingdom of Great Britain
and Ireland and in Canada. When in London,
recently, her Majesty's Postmaster-Gcneral
kindly gave me facilities for observing the
management of his Department. I learned
that the postal-savings syBtem had been re
markably successful, and had constantly
grown in popular favor. As managed in that
country, it is the sour e of some profit to the
Government. In this countrj-, I incline to the
belief that the system would have advantages
even greater than in a compact population
like that of Great Britain. In by far the larger
portion of the United States there are no sav
ings depositories, and are not likely to be. J o
the people of those parts the use of the post
office for this purpose would be a great boon.
It would be an additional advantage that de
posits would be available at any depository
office in the United States-an important con
sideration with a people so migratory as ours.
It is believed the system would interfere little
with the business of savings-banks, but would
absorb funds not now deposited in them. Nor
would the patronage of the Government be
sensibly increased, sincc the system would be
operated by persons already in the public serv
ice with no considerable addition to the num
ber. Your attention and the attention of Con
gress is respectfully invited to it.
"During my visit to the British Post-Office I
examined with much interest the system of
telegraphy for several years past connected
with the postal service. This method of cor
respondence is thought to have made great
advance since it was changed from the man
agement of private corporations, responsible
to nobody? hardly to public opinion-and
placed under the control of the Government.
The busiuess has increased many fold, the
cost of Bcndiug messages has been largely re
duced, and the service is performed in locali
ties it would never have reached under the
pecuniary stimulus of private enterprise. At
the same time it yields a margin of profit to
the Royal Treasury. Is it not time for us to
renew the inquiry whether it is wise to leave
this important instrument of correspondence
in charge of corporations whose primary ob
ject is gain to the managers and stockholders,
uud the convenience of the public secondary
?n>lV Maynard renews for the consideration
of Congress the suggestion made by his prede
cessor that the word "fraudulent," as it oc
curs in Sections 3,029 and 4,W1, Revised Stat
utes, preceding the word "lottery," should be
strickcn out. He says: "That Congress,
while expressly forbidding the use of the ordi
nary mail to all lottery companies, whether
fraudulent or not, should intend to afford the
special security of the registry system and
convenience and safety of the money-order
system to persons engaged in employments
declared by the Supreme Court of the United
States to be 'demoralizing in their effects, no
matter how carefully regulated,' unless ex
press proof of fraud can be made against such
companies, Is not to bo assumed. Congress
will uot intentionally aid in demoralizing the
public by affording extraordinary postal facil
ities to persons or companies whoso business
accomplishes this result.
Ho further says that the legal positions
taken by his predecessor concerning tho pow
er of the Post-Office Department to exclude
lotteries from the use of the mails meet his ap
proval, and, under a recent decision of the
United States Supreme Court in the caso of
Stone vs. the State of Mississippi, ho has felt
it to be his official duty also to give full effect
to the action of any State Legislature in its
effort to relieve the public from the evil con
sequoncies of pernicious legislation in the
^Before leaving the subject Mr. Maynard re
news the recommendation of Pos t masters ien
eral Key that newspapers containing lottery
advertisements be deprived of the privileges
of the mail*.
Attention is again called to the suit brought
by Christopher C. Campbell against the post
master at New York, which is now pending
upon appeal before the Supremo Court.
Suit has been brought by the same person
u gainst several other postmasters upon the
same ground? viz.: Alleged infringement of
letters patent for improvement in post-office,
uost-marking and canceling stamps, which
stamps are furnished to postmasters by the
Department. It is again requested that, be
fore final judgment is had, postmasters should
bt- placed under tho same legal protection
riven to tho Treasury officials against the levy
ipon their private property under judgments
for acts done in official capacity and under
Orders of the Department.
?A Tarisienne on a recent birthday i
anniversary gave a dog dinner-party.
Report of the Secretary of War.
Washington, November 21.
The annunl report of the Secretary of War
(fives a perioral review of the various suburdi- j
nate reports, calls attention to their several j
recommendations, anil details at length the j
operations of the Department during the year.
Upon the subject of expenditures, appropria
tions and estimates, the Secretary says:
"The expenditures for all affairs under the
control of this Department for the fiscal year
ending June 30. 1880, were $39,934,77.5. Con
press appropriated for the service the cur reut
tiscal year 5=41,ii?fci,*K10. The estimates for the
service of the tiscal year end i up June SO,
1*82, are $4:S,f>27,0'i.r>. The estimates in detail
were originally submitted to mc for $(i2,-42".i,770,
but, on revisi"ii of the same, omissions or
reductions were made as follows: In the civil
establishment, Sl v">!?5: military establish
ment, S.ijO,(X?: public works, $18,514,12:'; and
in th<* miscellaneous class, $25,00;), making
the total of revisory reductions $18,802,714.
The same increase in the amounts of esti
mates for the year 1882 over t ho amounts ap
propriated for the year issi appears in the
civil establishment, the military establish
ment and the miscellaneous. For the public
work I have reduced the estimates to accord
with what I understand to be tne amount re
quired for the absolute necessities of the serv
ice in order to prevent a waste of property
and damage to commercial interests beyond
such necessities. It is submitted that tho wis
dom of Congress may perceive that, as valua
ble improvements surround the realty of the
Government, and as the commerce of the
country advances in growth and prosperity,
so should appropriations to cover expenses be
apportioned.
"The Mississippi River Commission, oper
ating in accordance with an act approved
June 28, 187Vsubmitted a report which was
duly transmitted to Congress last March, and
was published by order of the House of Rep
resentative!? The report exhibited for tho
lirst time estimates of the appropriation re
quired for \4?rk9 of improvement therein de
scribed amounting to $5,113,000, and it awaited
further consideration when the session closed.
The Commission has communicated to mc its
desire to renew those estimates, and this com
munication will bo transmitted to Congress as j
a matter of special importance, not included, j
however, in the annual estimates ami expendi
tures for tho service of this Department."
In retrard to the South l'ass of the Mississip
pi ltlver, the Secretary says: "Tho perma
nency of this important work seems to be as
sured from the fact that there has been no \
failure whatever in the maintenance of tho j
maximum channel during the six months end
ing August 0 last. This Improvement has
opened through sands and shoals a broad, deep '
highway to the ocean, and is one upon the per- j
mancnt success of which congratulations may [
be exchanged among people abroad and at
home, and especially among the communities !
of the Mississippi Valley, whose commercial |
exchanges lloat in an unobstructed channcl
safely to and from the sea."
Secretary Ramsey concurs in tho recom
mendation of General Sherman that Congress
be asked to give 2, '>,000 enlisted men specifically !
to the troops nj the line of the army, and fa
vors the abandonment of many small posts
and the concentration of larger forces at strat- j
egle points. The absence of a large number of ;
officers from their rciriments is alluded to, and
action is recommended looking to the relief of
the service in this respect.
The Secretary indorses the recommendation
of the Adjutant-General in relation to placing j
uniformed State militia upou the same foot- J
itig in respect to its rules and forms as the
regular forces, and calls attention to the ne
cessity of providing by legislation for the or
ganization, arming and discipline of the militia.
The affairs of tho Leavenworth Military
Prison, the Secretary says, have been capably
administered during the year. He suggests,
however, that, in order to be entirely success
ful und to carry out as far as possible the
original design of making the institution self
sustaining, one important measure of legisla
tion is necessary, which is the authority of
Congress to apply the earnings of the prison to
its maintenance.
Concerning const defenses the Secretary
says: "From personal inspection of many of
the fort i Mentions roforred to by the Chief of
Engineers, I ??'?? ? emphasize his recom
mendations, and t>eg to state that their incom
petent and defenseless condition is discredita
ble to the country. Judging from the history
of all other nations and the experience of our
own, the United States will, notwithstanding
our traditional paciilc policy, llnd itself
soonor or later at war with a maritime
power. When that war comes it will come
suddenly. There will be no time after its
declaration to construct defenses, either fixed
or llonting. Other Nations have been for some
years and are now constructing1 fast war
6teainers of enormous size, incased in iron
armor up to two feet in thickness, and armed
with rilled guns weighing1 up to 10U tons, carry
ing' shot of a ton's weight, llrcd with littlo
short of a quarter of a ton of powder. It is
feared that the country does not appreciate I
the fact that alter a declaration of war a lew !
days or even hours might bring these great i
engines of destruction to our coast. It may I
be to New York, or Boston, or Portland, or
Baltimore, or New Orleans, or San Francisco,
or any point the enemy may select. No one
can estimate the damage which may follow." \
The works of river and harbor improve- j
mcnts, and examinations, and surveys pro- I
vided for by the act of March 3, 1870. and pre- j
vious acts, wore carried on during the liscal I
year with satisfactory progress. The amount I
available therefor July 1, 18 TO, was $10,772,170. j
The amount expended to June U0, 18S0, was i
ffl,171.2.'l, leaving a balance of $i,5!i7,9.*?5 to bo
expended during the present fiscal year, to
which is to be added appropriations by the
River and Harbor act of June It, 18S0, amount
ing to $S,a-il,m The act of June 14, 1SS0,
makes provision for 3-18 works of improve
ment, in sums varying froin$50Jto $30,000, and
for surveys and examinations with a view to
the improvement of 114 localities.
In relation to the Whittaker case, the Secre
tary says: "I have refrained from comment
ing upon the unfortunate agitation which
flowed from an alleged assault upon a colored j
cadet at the West Point Academy in April last, |
for the reason that, in some of its legal as- j
pects, the subject is still under cousidcra- j
tiou."
In conclusion Secretary Kanisoy recom- I
mends that a provision be made by lawfor the 1
appointment of an Assistant Secretary of War. j
? ?
The Indian Bureau.
Washington, November 21. j
The annual report of the Indian Bureau for J
1880 has been completed. It exhibits a con- I
tlnued steady advancement toward civilize I
tion on the part of nearly all the Indian tribes, j
and a very remarkable projrrcss in many in
stances, especially ainomr the Ojralallns and'
Brtilo Sioux in Dakota, and the Pacific Coast !
Indians collected at tho Yakima Agency, j
The demands upon the Bureau by tho Indians '
of a large majority of tho agencies for imple* j
ments with which to enable them to perform j
manual labor are far beyond the means at the |
dlposal of the Department for that purpose.
The number of Indians in the United |
States, exclusive of Alaska, is reported at 255,- j
038, all of whom, except about 18,000, arc more j
or less under direct control of agencies of tho I
Government. The civilized Indians now in the
Territory number 80,5(10, and the uncivilized I
17,750. There are, in round numbers, 25,000 I
Indians in Dakota, 23,000 In Now Mexico, 21,000 j
in Montana, 17,000 in Arizona and 14,000 in I
Washington Territory. It appears there are
upwards of 5,000 Indians in New York State,
and more than 10,t 00 in the State of Michigan. J
The following shows the substantial results i
of Indian labor during the year by Indians j
exclusive of tho live civilized tribes
of Indian Territory: Number of acres
broken by Indians, 27,283; number cul
tivated, 170,817: number of bushels
of wheat raised, 415,777; of corn, 000.430; of oats
and barley, 222,439; of vegetables, 370,145;
number of tons of hay cut, 50,527; number of
cattle owned, 78,812; of sheep, 804,137. liy tho
live civilized tribes: Number of acres culti
vated, 314,398; number of bushels of wheat
raised, 330,424; of corn, 2,446,012; of oats and
barley, 124,5i>8; of vegetables, 595,000; num
ber of bales of cotton raised, 1,000; number
of tons of hay cut. 14.000: number of cat
tlo owned. 297,010; of swine, 403,280.
During the year sixty boarding and 110 day
6ohools have been in operation among the dif
ferent Indian tribes, exclusive of the live civ
ilized tribe in the Indian Territory, which
have boen attended by over 7,000 children, and
taught by 318 teachers.
What is the spot most dear to cat
tle? Their fodtlerland. '
Report of the Comptroller of the Cur
rency.
Washington, November 24.
The following- is a portion of the animal re
port of the Comptroller of the Currency. The
remainder, which consists of a review of the
operations of the National Hank system since
resumption, and the estimate of the amount
of currency and coin in the country, an<* the
amount in National, State and savings hanks,
and in the hands of the people on the date of
resumption by coin payments, and 011 Novem
ber 1, 1879, and November ], 1880, is not yet
completed, but will be ready for publication
"in the course of a few days:
The amount of National IJank and legal
tender notes outstanding November 1, 18i0,
and the aggregate amounts of both kinds of
notes for the same date in 1S78 and 1S79 were
as follows:
,, . Amount Amount
Denonuna- 0/ national Uyal-lcud
lions. Banknotes, tr note*. Auorrf/ate.
I* $21,954,900 $24,247, ira
r,? 1,2j7,200 21,829,318 23,<?0,o.8
"J Ol\liltl,70U 07,132,138 107,042,K98
.1".? Il3,820,5s0 75,fc3u,U08 189,055.588
?s 72,083,277 147,7IU,KI7
~l,4ls,;ioO 24,350,175 45,777,875
?i^.s 20,888,990 33,009,700 .r>9,a5s,uuo
?;"? 10,120," OJ 10,705, 50J
239, WO 14.40I.50J 14,O4U,5U0
5^8 fro, WO SHoVoj
Add "for 3J0'?00
fractions
of notes
not pre
sented or
destroyed 15,129 .......... 15,129
Dedua^r5342'0?3'451 ^744^407
legal-tcn
der notes
destroyed
in Chica
go lire 1,000,000 1,000,000
Totals. $."42, Off), 451 $!H0,O81,01tf $G88.74I,407
The aggregate amount of both kinds of
notes in 1879 was $0*1,816,5:20, and in 1878, $0t;0,.
333,137. The law provides that utter specie
payments uro resumed tho National Banks
shall not bo furnished with notes of less de
nomination than $5, and in accordance with
this provision no notes of denominations of
$1 and $2 have been issued since the 1st day of
January, 1879. The amount of ones outstand
ing that day was $4,793,817, and of twos, $2,
924,930. Total, $7,718,747. Since that date the
ones have been reduced $2,501,355, and iho
twos, $1,717,070, making a total reduction of
small bank notes of $4,219,025. The amount of
legal-tender notes of the deuom. nation of one
doVar outstanding at that date was $20,257,100,
and of twos, $20,0^5,525. Toial, $40,292,034. Tfte
increase since that date lo November 1, ISoO,
has been $3, 491, 584.
Thus it will be seen that while the small
notes of the National Hanks have been re
duced more than four tnil".ons ($4,219,(J25), in
compliance with the law, since the dale of
resumption, the legal-tender notes of fesnme
denominations have been increased $3,491,584.
The total amount of theso denominations of
both kinds outstanding November 1, 1880,
is $47,283,010. Tho total increase during tho
year is $3,305,575. The decrease during tho
year previous was $3,049,451. Of the entire
amount of Natioual-Bank and leKal-tendcr
notes now outstanding, nearly seven per cent,
consists of $1 and $2 notes, more than thtriy
onc per cent, of ones, twos and lives, and more
than lifty-eight per cont. is in notes of a less
denomination than $20, and eighty per cont.
is in nous of a lower denomination than $59.
Of the entire issue, about twenty per cent,
is in denominations of $50 and upwards. 1 he
amount of circulation or tho Hank of France
Januai, 30, 1879, was $458,191,100, showing un
increase between that time and January 29 of
$0,100,707. The Imperial Bank of Germany is
sues no notes of a less denomination th:in
$<.50, and tho Hank of France issues but about
$-,000,000 'n notes of a less denomination than
$5. The Bank of England issues no notes less
than $25, and the Banks of Ireland and Scot
land none less than $5. The amou'nt of clrcul
lation in this country in denominations of $5
and under was $214,320,838 Novcmocr 1, 1880.
In the foreign countries named a larsre amount
of silver and gold coin of the lower denomina
tions enters into sreneral circulation. It wil|
be impossible to keep in c'rculat.on any large
amount of small sold coins or silver dollars
unless the coinage of tho latter is restricted
and the small notes withdrawn.
Tho total amount of United States bonds
held as security for circulating notes on the
1st of November, 1880, was $159,748,059. On
October 1, 1805. tho total amount of bonds held
for this purpose was $270,250,550, of which $109, -
397,950 was in six por cents and $70,852,000 in flvo
per cents. On October 1, 1870, the banks held
$246,891,300 six per cents and $95,942,5.70 flvo
per cents. Since that time there has been to
November 1, 1870, a decrease of $185,211,550 in
six per cent, bonds and an increase of $51,137,
200 in live per cents.
The banks now hold $30,933,050 of four and a
half per cents which have been deposited since
September 1, 1870, and S119, 075,100 four per
cents which havo been deposited since July
1, 1877.
During the year, $19,243,303 four per cents
have been withdrawn, chlclly for the purpose
of realizing the largo premiums on these
bonds, and $22,370,750 flvc per cents deposited,
which will inaturoin a few months. The banks
still hold $8,000 six per cent. 5-20 bonds and
$520,903 flvc per cent. 10-40 bonds, upon which
interest has cea<od. They also hold $140,552,
850 of lives of 1881, which are redeemable tho
1st of next May, and $2,040,000 sixes of 1881,
payable the 1st of January next, and $50,432,
150 sixes of 1881, which are redeemable the 1st
of Julv next.
All of tho live and six-per-cent, bonds now
held by the National Banks, with the excep
tion of the Pacific ttailway bonds, will ma
ture on or before July 1, 1881, and will prob
ably be rcplaccd by bonds bearing interest at
four or 4>4 percent., or by new bonds hereaft
er to be Issued by authority of Congress bear
in? a less rate of interest.
The amount of bonds hold by the National
Hanks November 1, 1880, was $405,369,350, and
the amount held by other banks and bankers
of the country in the above table is $223,053, l(tt
Tho total amount held by all tho banks apd
bankers is shown approximately to be more
than one-third of the whole interest-bearing
funded debt of the United States, as follows:
State Banks and Trust Companies.. $24,498,004
Savings Banks lbl?,187,S!U
Private Banks 14,:t00,084
National Bunks 403,;;6J,:>50
Total $631,422,454
Tho increase in tho net deposits of National
Banks during the year was $187,385,075; of
savings banks, $34,508,295; of private bankers,
S12,749,0S4; and of State banks and trust com
panies, $Gl,713,7(il, making a total increase In
the bank deposits of the country of $326,356,
315. The total number of National Baiiks,
State banks, saving* banks, private bankers,
etc.. in the country June 11,1880, was 6,532,
with a total banking capital of $630,049,390,
and total deposits of $2,219, 883, 250.
The Comptroller recommends that the laws
now in force be so amended that National
Bank circulation shall be redeemed upon a
percentage of notes outstanding; that banks
in operation shall pay their proportion of the
expense, and the remainder bo bome by the
Sovernment, which alone receives the benefit,
ind should therefore pay its just share. The
Sovcrnmont has for tho past fifteen yoars an
nually received an average of more thun $3,
100,000 of taxes upon deposits upon a system
mknown elsewhere In any country, nnd it
s certainly but just that it should bear |
he expenses of the redemption of those notes !
;rom circulation of which it receives tho en
ire benefit. The total amount of National
Bank notes received for redemption by tho
Comptroller of tho Currency and at the re
lctnption agencies of the Treasury during tho
rear 1880 is shown to have been $00,098,940.
The number of bank notes which have been
ssued since the organteat ion of the system is ,
37.677,219, valued at $980,008, 985. Of theso 08,
136, 5!6, valued at $017.0J.">,5M, have been re
leetwd, and 38,710,653, valued at $:>I2.0&1,451, J
vere sf 111 outstanding on November 1, 1880.
The amount of National-Bank currency de
frayed during the year ending October 31, .
8S0, was $35,539,060.
The total losses charged off by tho banks 1
luring the current year were $14,706,400, and j
or the four years previous, $85,845,009. Tho |
oial losses charged off during the last flvo j
ears are more than 25 per cent, of the entire 1
:apital of tho banks. During the last live ,
?ears the average number of banks annually
>a?sing dividends on accouut of io-ses have ,
>icn279; the average amount of capital upon i
vhieh no dividends have been paid during
hat time was $42,266,244, l'roin which it follows |
hat for a continuous period of flvo years
ibout one-seventh of the whole number of
mnks in operation have paid no dividends, ]
and that nearly one-tenth of the total capital
has been uuremunerative.
Total estimated amount of coin and bullion
in the country November 1, $012,283,357, of
which ?454,012,030 was gold and $158,271,327
silver.
The amount of gold and silver and per cent*
of each held by the United States Treasury
November 1, 1M80, is as follows:
Standard dollars $47,084,459
Other coin and bullion :i0,t?72,857
Total silver $77,75,, 310
Gold coin ami bullion i40,7-.">,953
Total coin and bullion $218,483,288
I'er cent, of silver. IS5.U
Percent, of gold w-4
The amount of bullion in the Bank of En
gland in October, 1-fiO, was $i ll,i>oT,0v0, iind in
the Bank of France Octobers, 18S0, -"f il<?, 1 10,
000, The percentage of gold held was 3 i. 7, and
silver ?J8.:i. Statistics sbow u rapid reduction
during the last two years in the amount ol' the
outstanding' circulation of bunas wh.ch have
ceased to do business, and indicate that the
tlnai loss upon thenotesof the National Hanks
will not exceed one or per cent.
? m ?
Estimates for Fiscal Year Ending June
SO, 18b2.
Washington, Novembers*.
The book of estimates, containing the
amount of appropriations required for the
public servicc during the liseal year ending
June 30, lilt;, has been completed. The total
amount estimated for the Legislative expenses
is $3,0.i8,6l3. The amount appropriated for the
'liscal year ending June 30, Mil. was $.',071,81*7.
The estimate lor the Executive proper is $U8,
008, against $97,401 appropriated last year. The
following ate tho estimates for the several
EACCutive Departments during the tiseal year
eliding June 30, 1882, and the appropriations
made therefor for the llscal year ending June
30, 1561:
DEPARTMENTS.
mi. mi.
State $lta,440 $150,040
Treasury !<,:>.r>>i,:iil4 8,710,-40
War ],257,tS) l,?i4,MiO
Navy.... 105,420
Interior 2,:?5,aj4 2,t 45,'J?4
Postoilice (SJt*7:K! Gui,i80
Agriculture ;>)?,, 20 244, ;MJ
Justice 137,420 1? ),i8J
The total amount eetitnnte'l for all ifccTixuou
live Departments aggregate $14,530,405.23 for
1882. The appropriations made for the same
in 1881 were $13, 4J8, 008.50.
MISCELLANEOUS.
Total Judicial $399,300
Foreign iiuereourse 1,Uj7,u?>
Military establishment 30,-40, *.00
Naval 15,0.2, ..31
Indian alTairs 4,858,800
Pensions 50,000,000
Public works 13,050,633
Postal servicc 3,030,757
Estimated amount required for post
al sen ice lor 1882 42,475,932
Eestimaicd amount which will be
provided by tho Department from
its own revenue accruing lrom
postages and other sources 38,845,174
Leaving a deiiciency to be provided
for out of tho general Treasury of 3,030,757
Public printing, paper, binding and
lithographing 2,0n3.156
Payment of Judges' Court claims. .. 400, uoo
Lilt-saving stations 610, '.00
Kcvenue-eut'er service 1,10 J, iwO I
Engraving and printing. 425,000
Lign-bouse establishments 2,0.'!?,0j0
Coast and geodetic survey 550,900
Maintenance of iish-hatehing ves
sels, construction of standard
weights and measures, suppress
ing counterfeiting and other
crimes, and for other miscellane
ous objects under Treasury De
partment 1,493,2S0
Signal Service 450,003 J
Miscellaneous objects under War
Department 2,432,235
Miscellaneous objects under Inte
rior Department 2,217,175
Miscellaneous objects under De
partment of Justice 3,265,000
Grand total $298,202,722
The appropriations for 1881 were, in the ag
gregate, $298,050,097.
A Hunter's Exciting Struggle With a
Wounded Deer.
A Stroudsburg (I'a.) dispatch to the New
York Time ? tells tho following:
An Irishman named "Mike" Callighnn owns
a small and almost valueless farm in the
mountains, a few miles north of Porter's Lake
in Pike County, Penn. The land being too
stony to produce paying crops, Callighan
is obliged to turn his hand to anything:
at which he can earn a little money,
Ho is quite expert with tho riile,
and during the few years that he has
lived in the wilds of Pike County he has shot
a large number of deer, several bears and a
few wildcats. Ho has been so accustomed to
seeing bi ars in tho woods that he says ho has
no more fear of meeting them than he has of
a cow. He has had many hairbreadth escapes
with bears and catamounts within the past
five years, but always came out victorious.
He had an encounter? which, had it not been
for the timely arrival of his daughter, might
haye been his last? a few mornings ago.
Callighan arose earlier tlmn uaual, as ho de
sired to sturt early for Bushkill, about thirteen
miles distant. While hitch. n^ his horso to tho
wairon he discovered a large, four-pronged
buck deer grazing on a small clearing a few
rods from the house. He run to the house,
seized his ritlo, and crawled on his bands
and knees through the woods behind a
stone fence, until ho got within shoot
ing distance. Then, to mako sure of hitting
the deer, ho placed the barrel of his riile
in the crotch of a small chestnut, and, tak
ing deliberate aim, tired. The deer gave an
upward plunge and fell to the ground, appar
ently lifeless. The ball had penetrated tho
animal's breast, from which the blood tlowed
freely. Callighau laid down his gun. and,
climbing the fenco, walked up to the wounded
deer with the Intention of cutting its throat.
As he was about to draw his hunting-knife from
his belt, the deer gave a sudden and desperate
plunge, catching the hunter with Its antlers and
throwing him several feet in the air. When he
landed he struck upon his head and shoulders,
stunning him so that he lay several seconds
partially insensible. When he lully recovered
the deer was stiU lying on the ground a few
feet distant. Callighan thought the animal
had lost enough blood to warrant him to
make a second attack without danger of being
further injured. He seized the dying buck by
the antlers with his loft hand, and with his
right drew the blade of the knife across the
animal's throat with the intention of severing
the windpipe, but in this he only partially suc
ceeded.
This seemed to add to the fury of the wound
ed animal, for it srave another powerful lungef
throwing the hunter witn great violence to the
ground. The deer then begun pawing him with
ita- front feet and goring him with its horns.
In the struggle the hunter lost bis knife, and,
fenring that the deer would kill him, he shouted
to his daughter, who hastened to her father's
rescuc. She picked up the knife, seized the deer
by the antlers, and with one thrust of tho
knife nearly severed the head from the body.
It gave one or two kicks and died. Although
Callighan's injuries are not dangerous, ho will
be laid up for some time. His body was liter
ally covered with scratches, and his clothes
were torn into shreds. The deer was a very
large one, weighing nearly 200 pounds, and
was the third 0110 the brave young woman has
helped kill during the past few years.
?
A Bremen newspaper says that the
North German Lloyds have engaged to
coiivc)' three thousand Roumanian Jews
to New York before the end of the
present year. The emigrants are sick
of their own country, and have been
enabled to seek fresh homes across the
Atlantic by the liberality of their co-re
ligrionists in France and'Germany. Tho
North German Lloyds have undertaken
to find orthodox food for the emigrants
during the passage. The patrons pro
vide funds not only for the passage, but
also for the purchase of homes and
farms in America.
Edward Hannon, a locktender at
West Troy, having received a month's
wages, mistook a New York steamboat
for a local ferryboat and was carried
to that city before it occurred to him
that the Hudson lliver had grown very
ivide suddenly. The lucre dazzled
him.
After the death of Conrad Seitz, at
Monroe, Alabama, this telegram was
received from Ella Dor.sev. his allianced
wife: "Delay funeral "two days. I
will be ready for burial with him." She
kept her word by committing suicide.
Beport of the United States Treasurer,
Washington*, November 22. .
Prom the annua] report of United State*
Treasurer Gilttllan it appears that the receipts
of the Government compare very favorably
with those of the previous fiscal year, and
show an increase from customs, internal
revenue and sales of public lands of $59,811,
605, and a decrease in those from miscellane
ous sources of only $112,079. The expendi
tures show a slight increase of $695,074 in the
aggregate as compared with the previous fis
cal year, caused by an increase of $22,395,040
in payments on account of the Interior De
partment, but show a decrease of f-l??W,M65
in expenditures for interest and premium
on the public debt, on civil and miscellaneous
accounts, and for the War and Navy Depart
ments.
The balance of pubOc money ou deposit in
the Treasury, and subject to draft at the eloso
of business June :.'0, 1*79, was $417,~23,787. Th0
receipts during: the year from all sources
amounted to $11*1,578,241, and drafts paid $708-,
190, ft 0. After deducting receipts properly re
funded and outstanding drafts, there was sub
ject to draft at the close of business June 30,
1880, $20i,683,8.)8, which diiTers from the debt
statement balance by $1,595,213. which is ex
plained in the appendix. The business ot the
Government involved the transfer during: the
year of $11,053,357,082, the greater portion
through the medium of accounts of this oilice,
and the remainder by the actual transporta
tion of funds.
Fifty-eight National Banks wco organized
during the year, Ave failed, and twenty-one
went Into voluntary liquidation, loaving 2,102
doing business.
The amount collected from National Banks
by the Treasurer of the United States for
semi-annual duty accruing during the year
was $7,591,770. The total amount collected
during the existence of the National-Bank sys
tem is $100,301,309.
The report embodies n statement of the liar
bilities and assets of the Treasury for the years
1877, "78, '79 and '80, from which it appears that
tho gold and silver coin and bullion ranged
from $114,464,982 in 1877 to $163,9iJ9,444 In 1878,
to $222, 807,308 in 1*79, and to $214.30.5.215 in 1SS0.
The decrease of $8,500,0U0 betwoen 1879 nnd
1880 is represented by the reduction in tho
gold bulanccof $34, 000.000, ami an increase in
the silver coin and bullion on hand. The in
fluences tending to the decrease of the gold
balance havo been primarily tho scarcity of
notes, compelling payment of thedaily balance
to the New York Ciearing-IIouse in gold coin.
There has been but a small amount of United
States notes and gold certificates presented
for redemption in gold coin.
There has been during the year an increase
In the silver coin of $15,977,070 in standard
dollars, and of $7,819,991 in fractional 6iivcr
VUiU.
Note assets, including balances due from
depository banks, have decreased from $107,
664,287 in 1877 to $03,417,282 In 187*, to $63,920,653
in 1879, and to $42,402,314 in 1880. The steady
decrease, the Treasurer says, is due in great
measure to the withdrawal of notes caused by
the presentation of Clearing-lloiiscccrtificatea
for redemption, the amount of these certifi
cates outstanding: having been reduced from
$31,335,000 in 1879 to $9,075,000 in 1S80. Another
reason for the smallness of the note balance,
Mr. Gilfillan adds, may be found in the falling
off in the note receipts, the revenues of the
Government being now largely paid in coin
and silver ccrtitlcatcs.
From the tables of assets and liabilities of
the Government for November 1, 1879, and No
vember 1, 1S*0, it is shown that on November
1, 1879, there wore $151,047,044, and on Novem
ber 1, 1880, there were $141,597,0:11.01 availablo
for resumption. The amount of gold coin and
bullion in the Treasury January 1, 1879? the
date of the resumption of specie payments
was $135, 382, &i9, and at this date? November 1
?it Is $140,725,952, and in addition there have
accumulated in the Treasury $47,084,469 in
standard silver dollars. The redemption of
United States notes In gold since the resump
tion of specie payments has negreyated $11,
063,336. Since the order of the Depart mcnt of
January ], 1879, authorizing the receipt of
United States notes for customs duties, there
have been received on that account $142,323,601.
The total coinago of standard silver dollars
under the act of February 28, 1878, has been
$72,847,750. Of this amount $56,588,106 are Id
the Treasury and in the Mints, und $25,259,644,
being more than 34, per cent, of the coinage,
are in circulation.
The Treasurer, instances banks which have
reduced and forthwith increased their circular
tion to the former amount with the avowed
object of relieving themselves from the trouble
and expense of redeeming their notes through
the redemption agency, as requred by
law, and says: "It is plain that such
transactions as theso are not within the
spirit of the act of Juno 20, 1874. That act
authorizes the deposit of legal-tenders by
any National Bank desiring to withdraw its
circulation in whole or in part. A wish to sur
render circulation, with the reserved intention
of taking out more at once, or as soon as a fall
in the price of bonds shall make the transac
tion profitable, is not, it is submitted, such a
dosire to withdraw circulation as the law con
templates. It could neither have been Intend
ed nor expected that the law would become
the means of enabling banks to operate in
securities of the Government deposited to
secure the redemption of their notes, or to
throw upon the United States or other banks
of the country the expense of redeeming their
notes while maintaining and enjoying the full
circulation to which the law entitles them."
Pension Report.
Washington, November 22.
Thk annual report of the Commissioner of
Pensions shows that on the 30th of June last
there were 250,803 persons receiving pensions
from the Government. The annual pensions
average $10'J, an aggregate for nil of $25,917,
806. Exclusive of arrears the payments for
the year amounted to $37,048,185, of which
$12, 468.191 was accrued pension in new cases.
The total amount paid out for pensions during
the year was f57,028,9.*i. Commissioner Uent
ley estimates it will require upward of $50,
000,000 to pay tho pensions for the current
year. The number of cases in which arrears
of pensions have been allowed up to November
1? date of report? is A 917. The average in
each case is *560.
A table is given showing the number of
pensioners borne upon tho rolls at the end of
each fiscal year from 1861 to 18S0 and the
amount of money paid out for pensions each
year. Tho total amount for twenty years is
$455,718,505. , . ?
Some Tilings to Disbelieve.
When a man advertises for a part
ner, and wants a young man to put in
a small investment of $100 or $500, and
promises to pay him a realization of
tifty or ono hundred per cent, profit,
don't believe it. When a man offers to
give away knowledge of the utmost
value for the cure of consumption
and any and all other diseases, by mere
ly sending a three-cent postage-stamp
to prepay postage, don't believe it.
When a man proposes to make every
one else rich, ana looks to other peo
Sle's interest more than to his own,
on't believe it. When a man offers to
give you something of great value for
something of less value? in other words,
give something for nothing, don't be
lieve it. Many persons advertise on
purpose to filch men of money gained
by hard labor, and before entering into
any speculation which may be offered
to you, take advantage of the many
means at your command and ascertain
the facts with reference to the proposed
business before you invest, and thus
save your money as well as assist in
effectually breaking up all swindlino
establishments.
Relics of King Philip and his braves
are often unearthed near Fall River,
Mass. Elisha Anthony, of South Som
erset, Mass., while excavating for a
barn cellar on his farm, dusupthe skel
eton of a brave, and near him lay his
pipe and the utensils which Indians used
to bury with their dead.
?Petroleum was struck at Ponca,
Neb., at a depth of 550 leet, by work
men digging for coal.
? Philadelphia will produce 35, 000, *
000 yards of woolen goods in 1880.

xml | txt