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Temperature of the Bedroom.
Many persons have an idea that a ; alee ping- room must bo cold in order to j be health v, and the colder the better. J Tu;t |a -In entirely erroneous notion. | iinrpr^^^rn 1 1 1 1 I nbunl" pure air. It noxious gases. To sleep in such a rttSiL is exceedingly unwholesome, for the cold, dead air may be saturated with accumulated poisons, which will be drawn into the lungs and incorporated in the svstem. It would be far safer to sleep directly in the open air, or even In a draft, if" well wrapped up, than in such an atmosphere. But if the cold air is not confined and vitiated, it is still not a good plan to sleep in a cold room. In deep 3lumber the vital forces are less able than in waking hours to resist unfavorable sur rounding conditions, and the uncon scious sleeper may be exposed, in his helplessness, to a trial of his powers of endurance which would severely tax his strength when at his best. The clothing may be insufficient in case of a sudden fall of temperature, or it may be partly thrown off and the body be come chilled before the sleeper is aware of it. There can be no doubt, we think, that in these and similar ways many constitutions not over-stroug. and even those which are naturally robust, are ?seriously impaired, and the way opened for that'terrible malady, consumption, begin its deadly wore. But even worse than a cold sleeping room is a room that is warm in the early part of the night, and gradually becomes colder as the night advances. It is always, says a recent writer, a mat ter of great moment to maintain an equable temperature in the bedroom. Great changes of temperature, danger ous to the most vigorous persons, are , especially perilous to the aged and fee ble, ind "to children. It has been noted that when the great waves of winter cold come on, old people begin to drop off with startling rapiditv. It is like an epidemic of old age. With more pro- i priety it may be ^described as a mor tality induced by suddeu changes in the j temperature of the sleeping-room. The j sleep that should have been one of rest and refreshment becomes a sleep of death. The fatal process by which it becomes so is set forth by the writer referred to: 44 The room in which the enfeebled j person has been sitting before going to | bed has been warmed probably up to I summer heat; a light meal has been ! taken before retiring to rest, and then the bedroom is entered. The bedroom j perchance has no tire in it, or if a tire j be lighted, provision is not made to | keep it alight for more than an hour or . two. The result is that in the early ! part of the morning, from three to four .o'clock, when the temperature of the air in all parts is lowest, the glow from the tire or stove which should warm the room has ceased, aud the room is cold to an extreme decree. In country houses the water will often be found : frozen in the hand-basins or ewers un- i der these conditions. Meanwhile the j sleeper lies unconscious of the great change which is taking place in the air around him. Slowly and surely there is a decline of temperature to the ex tent, it may be, of forty degrees on the Fahrenheit scale: and though he may be faifly covered with bedclothes, he is receiving into his lungs this cold air, by which the circulation through the lungs is materially modified. The condition | of the body itself is at this very time unfavorable for meeting any emergency. In the period between midnight and six in the morning the animal vital processes are at their lowest ebb." The proper temperature to be main tained in a sleeping-room is between sixty and sixty-five degrees Fahrenheit. For persons in very feeble health it may be necessary to raise it to a somewhat higher point; but in ordinary cases there should be as little variation as possible from the limits namen. In order that this even temperature may be secured, it is extremely desira ble" that some method of ventilation should be employed which d oes not re quire the windows to be left open. Many persons cannot sleet > *u aa un_ ventilated room and as a cho ce of evils, much prefer the pure "night air" in troduced through open wind ?ws to that which has been charged wit\ bodily ex halations in a closed apartment. "?Night air." as Florence Nightingale puts it, "is the only p.Ir we have at night;" and it is bette:- to have it pure than impure. If windows must be de pended on for ventilation iu cold weath er it is advisable and necessary to open them only a very little way ? just a crack at the top and bottom ? so as to make the change of air gradual. A better way still is to plaice a board, j three inches wide and as long as the I width of the window, under the lower j sash. This leaves an opening between : the sashes, which is said to impart a rolling motion to the air in the room, effecting a change of air without mate rially lowering the temperature. But it is always best to provide for indirect ventilation, in such a way that while thare shall be a constant exchange of pure for impure air. the danger of drafts ? and chill shall be reduced to the miu- t iruum. There Is room for great improvement in these simple but far too little thought of precautions for the preservation of health and against the peril of sudden death. As the cold weather approach es, would it not be worth while to ??think on these things," and see if the sleeping apartments in our homes, in which so large a share of our lives is pissed, cannot be made more healthful and safe for ourselves and our loved -ones? ? Examiner awl Chronicle. Politeness at Home. There is no reason why a man should put his own wife to the "trouble of wip ing ud tracks when he takes great pains to" cleanse his feet before crossiug his neighbor's threshold: neither is it con- ' sisteut that we women should be too | severe ou our own husbands and sons ! for a little carelessness, while we assure j our caller with the most gracious of smiles that "it isn't of the slightest consequence." I would not have any one less con siderate of those abroad.* I hope we all "njoy seeing our husbands and wives ; polite to our neighbors, only let us be sure to practice bur good manners at home. There are husbands who would hasten 'to assure a neighbor's wife, who had, in j her haste burned her biscuits, that they j "greatly enjoyed them where they were so nice and brown," who would i never think their own wives needed the j same consideration. J*or my part, I think the laws of politeness are equally binding upon us at home, no unkind language or thought less behavior being allowable there that would not be proper in society. No man can be a gentleman, though ever so genial abroad, who is a tyrant or habit - vsl fault-tinder at home; and uo woman is a real lady who is not a lady at home in her morning wrapper as well as in silks in her neighbor's parlor. One member of the family who begins j the day with fretful words and harsh tones, is generally enough to spoil the happiness and temper of the whole for the day. Not all who hear the impa tient word give the angry answer, lor many choose to suffer in silence; but .every such word makes somebody s ? ^ewand, as a rule, it is some most llo al the unkind, sarcastic worTT ? The life of hurry and overwork many of us live has much to do with our im patience, and if we can do anything to j remove the cause we ought to do it as a , matter of duty. I know there are many fathers aud mothers upon, whom the | burden of life rests so heavily they can j hardly get needed sleep. But many times the tired housekeeper aud mother might " lighten the ship" a little. When God sends trouble and care let us bear it in His strength, but let us be very careful about the unnecessary burdens we take upon our own shoul ders. Plain, neat hems, with a chewy hearted mother are infinitely better for children than a multitude of tucks and ruffles, with a sad. disheartened mother who has no time to help her family to be wise and good. Don't let an ambition to outshine our neighbors, or even to have the best kept house and most glittering windows, blind us to the fact that sunshine and cheer are good for both body and soul. Then do not let us make ourselves miserable by borrowing trouble that may never come. We sometimes utterly unlit ourselves for the work of life by anticipating sorrows God never meant us to bear. " Don't cross a bridge till you come to it, Is a proverb old and of excellent wit." A little time spent judiciously in pre venting the causesof sickness in a fam ily. is better than years of wailing over " what might have been1' or what may be. ? Arthur's Magazine. Farming in France. The typical Frenchman can hardly be j said to be domestic in his instincts. As he has been represented to us in litera- j tnre and by the drama he does not find his supreme happiness in the borne cir cle. But when we look farther into the substance of French society and invest!- . gate the causes of French vitality and stability, the conclnsiou is forced upon us that, after all, France is a nation of homes. The rural life and the city life of that interesting country present a strong contrast. They may be alike in ! thinking that there is no place like j France, but totally unlike in methods ! employed by society for making the most of its opportunities. And it will probably surprise the casual reader to learn how much of that country is com prehended by rural France. The total population cf the rural portion is esti mated by a correspondent to be not less than -'5, 000, 000 and as many as 23,000, 000 are directly engaged in agriculture. The number and importance of the French middle class have been demon strated to the credit of the Nation, not once but many times. There are now 5,800.000 distinct estates or properties in France. Of these it is calculated that 50,000 average au acreage of U00, while there are 500.000 averaging sixty acres i and the remainder, of over 5,000,000, ! represent properties under six acres. Compare this with the divisions and i the regulation of lauded property in ; Great Britain, where a comparatively '? few baronial proprietors own more than half the land of the whole realm and it is easy to see the weakness in England's . armor and why France when seemingly crushed has within herself the recuper ative power to lift her from almost any disaster upon the solid ground of pros perity. There are 8,000,000 inhabited dwellings in France, 300,000 uninhabit ed and 57,000 in course of construction, As the entire population is about 37, 000,000 the average of only a little over four to a dwelling is not unreasonable and would till with contempt and a horror of such wastefulness of space the soul of a New York tenement house proprietor. We are told that " next to the educated English, the uneducated 1 French love their country more than i any other people in Europe," and it is certainly more than a blind aftection which they feel for it. The statistics that we have given show that they are blest beyond any other people of their class in Europe and they instinctively ! believe this even though they may not have education enough to prove it to themselves by comparison. ? Boston j Post. A Free anil Easy Prison. A Geneva correspondent writes that ! the looseness with which the custody of convicted criminals is administered in j the canton of Schwytz is simply appall- I ing. If the facts were not avouched by I a trustworthy paper published in the district, the Freie Sc/iweizcr, it would ' be difficult to believe that the state of | things it describes could exist in any i European country. The only prison in j Schwytz is an old farmhouse. In it are : con lined malefactors of both sexes and every class, if they can be said to be confined, for it would seem they only remain where they are because they find themselves better oft than they would be at their homes ? those of them who have any. The care of these crim inals is confined to a head-jailer, a ser geant of police aud a uun. As, howev er, the two men spend nearly all their evenings ami a good part of their days at the baths of Seewen, the duties "of tho establishment devolve principally on their lady colleague. The prisoners are permitted to go out aud come in at their pleasure, aud tho nun is in the habit of making occasional pilgrimages with repentant infanticides to a neigh boring shrine. Only one man, a creat ure named Maechler, who, eighteen mouths ago, wascoudemued to impris onment for life for a murder of unspeak able brutality, seems to have been kept under bolt and bar. But little by little he insinuated himself into his lady jail er's good graces, persuaded her by pro testations of repentance and a show of religious zeal to relax her vigilance, and in the end she actually allowed him to work outside the house like the others. Early one morning, a short time since, he was sent to fetcn water, but walked quietly in the direction of Seewen. When he did not return the sergeant of police ordered a strong detachment of jail-birds to follow and bring him back. Late in the eveuing they returned after an unsuccessful chase. The next day the head jailer himself, with four pris oners, went off on the quest; but they were not more successful than the oth ers, which, if the statement of the Freie Schweizcr that they came back far from sober be true, is, perhaps, not very j surprising. It is scarcely necessary to say that Maechler is still at large. ? The scientists say that shutting the eyes improves the hearing. This is probably the reason, says the Buffalo Express, why some men always wink at you when you talk politics to them. ?Sealskin sacques are worn short. A man is also short after he buys one. miscellaneous. ?There are 400,000 Scotch people in London. ?A Bucks County, Pennsylvania, man has just ended a lawsuit of forty two years' standing and recovered six cents damages. I ?A piece of snobbery which would I dis?Tace the smallest potato court in 1 Fnu ii. i.nJir "mtVi 'ti"1 rT^'j:iU'd at ousting of two respectabTu from a literary and musical societv wiffl a big name because they worked for a living and did domestic drudgery. ? Mr. Riley Ivittridge, of Belfast, Me., ! has a postal card upon one side of which j he lias written clearly 4,008 words, com I prising the entire books of Jonah and J Malachi and the fifth, sixth and a part of the seventh Psalm. Mr. Ivittridge re cently sent a postal card to each candi date for President and Vice-President, the six cards containing almost 15,000 words. ?So many tenants on tho Duke of Marlborough's Oxfordshire property have given up their farms that he has ; over 5,000 acres unoccupied and thrown I on his own hands. Many other large landlords in the country are in a similar predicament and in Warwickshire, Glou cestershire and Wiltshire things are even worse. In fact, tho number of acres now unoccupied in England is almost incredible. ? "Wiener wurst" is a common street cry in Cincinnati, being used by venders of Vienna sausage. These men have little stands at the street corners, provided with a vessel for keeping the sausage hot by means of steam, a box for German rye bread and a jar for horseradish. For five cents they sell a steaming link of sausage, resting ou a slice of bread, with horseradish sprin kled over it. The sausage is made of three parts of beef to one of pork. ?Few persons outside of England, where coursing is one of the national sports have any idea of the value of greyhounds. At a recent sale ten dogs brought 711 guineas, the highest being sold for 400 guineas and the lowest for teu guineas. This is not in excess of former sales. Bedlamite and Peasant Boy, two well-known hounds each having brought 500 guineas and for Master McGrath, probably the most famous dog ever bred in England his owner, Lord Lurgon, was offered the sum of ?4,000. ? In the city of Dublin there are 24, 000 families, averaging five members, who are each living in a single room. The death rate of the city is forty per 1,000, which is equivalent to sixty per 1,000 in the tenement-house districts. These two facts, the enormous number of families living in a siugle room and the high death rate, prove that the horrors and dangers of Irish distress have not been exaggerated. These families of five shut up each in a siugle room depend for support on wages of from ten to seventeen Euglish shillings a week. About Earning Money. If any one knows the value of money to the individual, it is a woman. A man may look at it in a wiser sense and think of the National debt and investments and mortgages, but in small sums it can not after all be of half the importance to him that it is to a woman, who wants yards of ribbon and pounds of beads, bits of velvet, silk and lace, gilt things, silvered things, combs, bracelets, bangles and little bags, which could be of no use to one of tne sex whose wear is cloth of various sad colors, and who having a watch, a scarf pin. a collar button, and a ring on his little linger, is provided with jewelry for life. And yet who ever heard of a rational poor man who did not desire to make money, and did not make some when ever it was possible? While horror seizes the soul of many an impecunious young woman at the thought of earning a cent. Happily, a broader view of the matter is taken by a great many young women, from the sweet girl graduate who hones to be a doctor or a lawyer, to the mechanic's daughter who early announces her intention of learning a trade. But still, in many a home where there is not half enough to provide for all, women draw themselves together and, even while they suffer privation, boast that they never earned anything. An old father comes wearily home, after a long day's toil; a youngbrother breaks down with cares that are too great for him, and still the superstition that it degrades a woman to earn her own living will prevail among half a dozen sisters forced to small economies as to sugar in their tea and butter on their bread, to shabbiness and the at tacks of infuriated tradesmen who nat urally desire to be paid their little bills. They will do anything but 44 work for mnnmr ' ' iUVIiW ? Every day, as they peep from their windows at the world, they see happy, well-dressed women in the professions and in many trades, going to and fro to their work, comfortable with the wages in their pockets. They hear the notes of the piano by which some woman no more accomplished than they earns a little fortune as a teacher. Opposite is a flower painter who has pupils and sells her pictures. But they say to each other and to their friends, " This would be impossi ble for us; we never earned a penny." And people are apt to say: 44 The Miss Hysons are so proud. They come of such a good family. They cannot con descend to work. But are they proud? As a rule, the ladies who scorn to earn money do not scorn to take it as a gift. Their natu ral protectors gone they will quarter themselves on any relative who will open his house for them? a cousin, a cousin's cousin? any small plea of re lationship is sufficient. They will actually go a begging in a delicate and dainty way amongst friends and receive anything any one chooses to give. And it is well known to every one that any offer of marriage to one of them which promises a comfortable home will be accepted. This is the best end to be hopod for, but if the girls are not attractive they pass from one long suffering relative to another, until they are "bought into" Old Ladies' Homes or placed in genteel Institutions, where they still boast with their latest breath of their gentility and are as proud of never having earned a penny as they should be ashamed of it. Certainly there are fewer such wom en in the world to-day than there were twenty years ago, but there arc still enough to idiame good, independent glvls out of efforts in which they should be encouraged, with the old bugaboo story that "ladies never work for a livelihood." Ladies do, ladies will, if there is any need for it; for a true lady woidd rather do anything honest thin be an object of charity; and in a wom anly way, quite consistent with all the gentler emotions and all feminine charms, rejoices in the possibility of in dependence. ? Alary Ki/le Dallas, in N, I'. Ledger, Prh.ce Sitka and Ills Patriarchal Court. There are a fpw customs and specta cles still lingering in tins ago to remind us that the world was not always pro saic, utilitarian and unbelieving a few survivals of the time when the super stition or the loyalty of all classesfo unoriticised expression in map--"?cent ceremonies. They are dyinc-iasr- J.ne cercmuuico. j- j s interesting simplest, hut ulsc . tho *9 of the of such quaint shoNvs j .n M()nten(l. Superior Court of An the ?ate ?^O'lim^a-e of very moderate size, surroumTctt'fty a b:ink of turf neatly ed^cd with Voulders. Hither towards ei^ht in thjjjiorning strolls the Prince, followed byfm officers and guard. At a certain disanee from it they halt and uncover, wiile llis Highness steps briskly forwrd and seats himself at a square nook eft hollow in the wall to accommodati his legs. If personages of distinctior are present they receive an invitatioa to take a place on either hand, and the court is open without more cercmny. Sometimes the whole space in f real is crowded with peasantry in silent inks, come to behold their chief and Mar his wisdom; but in this time of w,r, which makes such heavy demands oi the labor of the few who stay at hone, the audience is small. 1 have seldon beheld a tiner subject for a painter, At a distance of twenty yards or s>, 011 the right front of His Highness, stand the veterans of his body-guari ranged in line, tall fellows mostly, grni of aspect, wearing crosses and dccontions. heavily armed. The long fringe of their plaids sweeps the ground, <roue end is thrown across the shoulders:" in Spanish fashion. On the other side, at a little distance, stands a group of peasantry, cap in hand, wait ing to explain sucli complicated griev- j ances as neither the village Elders' 1 Court, northe district tribunal can ar- j range to tloir satisfaction. To the left | rear of the Prince aides-de-camp and at- j tendantsof the Waywodes present take j up station; they wear their caps, being j " out of court." by a legal fiction, I though neaier to the sovereign than the rest. Ever/ one being placed, in two minutes proceedings begin. The lirst complaint, which His Highness ex plained to me on one occasion, was that of a weazened veteran, very ragged iind dirty, but wearing two silver-mounted pistols and a vitaghan. In a sing song voice, without hesitating for an instant, his petition was made. He had answered the lawful summons of his chief and repaired in arms to the camp at Sutormans, whence General Bozo Petrovitch had dismissed him as too old and war-worn for service. "I am not old. Gospodar," lie lamented, "fori am strong And if I have bullets in my bod}*, is that a reason I should be in sulted? I pray you, Gospodar, to write to Bozo Petrovitch and order him to let me light." The anxiety of the poor man was painful to watch, as he turned his cap ceaselessly, awaiting the reply, which was not given in my presence. Of another suitor His Highness told me that in some light lie lost his com rades and was attacked, all alone, by live Turks. Four he killed and wound ed the lifth, but fell himself in the strug gle. Snow lay on the ground and the evening chill restored him to conscious ness. When his ejes opened he saw the Turk painfully crawling to gather wood and he proceeded to assist the in fidel. When arrived certain comrades at dawn they found these two sharing their last ration across the lire, and the Montenegrin would not be removed until he had seen his late foe placed in a litter. Together they were carried to the hospital at^eHinje. A brawny little man of the body-guard was point ed out to me as the hero who brought in a dozen and a half of heads after one battle. The Czar presented him with all the decorations possible? I saw them ? and the Russian ladies subscribed a pretty souvenir in the form of a head chopping knife, encrusted with precious stones, at the expense of ?1,200. This I did not see, for the owner leaves it with his parents, an example to the youth of that vicinity. In regard to this head-cutting. General Bozo Petrovitch told me that he would not try to stop it, in the hostilities daily expected when I was in his camp. He declared it a modern practice, taught within this century by the invading armies of the Porte. Nose-slicing is still more recent, for until late years prisoners were never made. In the last period of the war, however, when whole battalions sur rendered, the practice was dropped of necessity, and we may even hope that it will never be revived. The Prince himself told me that he made 11, GOO prisoners, whom he could not keep for want of means. The Turkish Govern ment had none to exchange, for several good reasons; it would not ransom them and he was obliged to send them back unconditionally ? one officer was capt ured three times. ? Cor. London Stand ard. The Mysteries of Vegetation. Scientific men often rejoice over the solution of problems that have proved stubborn, only to find, after a while, that new solutions are desirable. It is not lon<; sinee the)' have settled down to a belief that the}' knew all about the formation of starch in vegetation and connected it with the action of light on chlorophyl. At a recent meeting of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, a member exhibited some potatoes that had been formed in the dark chambers of a safe belonging to a Philadelphia merchant. He had pur chased a new novel kind to take homo to be cooked for trial; but they were placed in the safe anil forgotten". These sprouted, made new ones about one fourth the size of the pareuts and then wholly dried up. The question arose as to the meaus by which the starch was transferred from the old to the young potato in the total absence of light. One member said such instances were not unknown. The live oak sprouted at once when it fell from the tree and proceeded at once to push out the radicle and long cotylcdonary petioles, making a tuber underground before it pushed forth growth from the plumule, and transferred the starch from the seed cotyledons to the tuber; and some terrestrial orchids have beeu known to remain in the ground a whole season without makiug foliage, but make a new bulb, the old one which is always annual, dying, and a new one being formed by its side, as in the ordinary growth. "When, after those statements it was asked whether the starch gran ules in the parent seed or root was first dissolved during the transfer and be came granulated in its second deposit, or was transferred in its granulated condition, the only answer was that the starch had been transferred without the agency of light; but how it was done nobody knew. ? iV. Independent. ?Mrs. M. L. Owen, of Springfield, Mass., has constructed a herbarium which now contains 8U9 specimens. A report and inscription of it were giren to the Botanical Society of that city. ?Polish adventurers? Arctic cxpl )r ers. HYMN OF THANKS. >Ve praise Theo for the wealth of golden grain, For corn Holds waving In the mellow lijrht. For full-armed 1'lenly, piling Autumn's wain, For fruits all rosy-tinted, gleaming bright. No li lcust swarms,' no deadening droughts have come. To mar our joyous son? of Harvest Homo. We praise Thee, U our God! We praise Thee for the dewy mornings fair. As diamonds glinted over'tleld and wold, When heaven's own nectnr filled tho ambient air. And every breath was life and strength un told? And warbling birds poured out their songs of glee, And every li vinir thing seemed glad ami free; We praise Thee, O our God! We praise Thee for the noontide's scorching blaze, As 'neath its ripening inlluenee swelled the corn. And the grapes sweetened in the burning rays * While under purple bloom the wine was born. The heat was fierce upon the laborer's head, Hut 'twas perloeting grain for daily bread. We praise Thee, O our God! We praise Thee for tho twilight's hour of calm. When the cool breeze of eve refreshed the (lowers, Winning from them their gift of odorous balm. And all-pervading peace filled tho sweet hours. Then one by one came out the stars' soft light And all around us settled restful night. We praise Thee, O our God! For Sprint', with all her vernal beauty drest. Her buds of hope, her merry, tuneful voice. For Summer, with exuberant greenery blest And smiling fullness. bidding man rejoice, For Autumn's crowning treasures now com plete. We otl'er Thee, dear Lord, thanks as is meet; We bless Thee, O ourGod! And when tin- stormy blast of Winter comes. And snow wreaths hang their light forms on the trees, And well-stored barns and garners till our homes With plenty, ami our hearts with thanklul ease, , * Help us. o Christ, to share, at Thy command, These blessings with Thy poor, with generous hand. Thank oll'crings to our God. ?Christian Union. International Sunday-School Lessons. FOURTH QUARTER. Dec. 5? Last Days of Jacob Gen. 4S : 8-32 l)cc. 13?' The Last Daysof Joseph. Gen. 50:14-~G Dec. 19? ltevicw of the Lessons. Dee. 'iO? Lesson Selected by t ho SchooL Christianity and Old Ago. It remains to claim that Christianity has helped to make age noble and happy. When a popular philosophy has come along with a simple and clear teaching that we are all the children of God, and leave this world only that we may pass to a better one, and when this philosophy points to one that came back from the dead, it must be admitted that such a belief must make the last border of life glow with a light greater than that which falls upon even smiling infancy. It cannot be doubted that much of the praise of those who stand on the further confine has sprung up from the as sumption that our fathers are not about to be blotted from existence, | but arc going away to the presence of j God. Gray hairs are but a signal that I the ship of the soul is about to sail over the great sea. It may be that in a so- j cicty wholly pervaded by atheism and its consequent absolute death there might be built up a grand old age of man and woman. Hut one cannot but deeply feel that in the midst of such a belief man would be broken-hearted j or become a creature of low passions, j eating and drinking because to-morrow lie was to die, and that woman would soon feel that the fading of the face was the end of all worth or hap piness. I do not believe that a grand old age can find in atheism an adequate cause. At least into the composition of the modern estimate the idea of another world has entered deeply. Madam De Stael says: " A noble old age is not the decline of life, but the dawn of immortality." Jean Haul Richter says: "The evening shadows of age are long and cold, but they all point toward a morning." Another says: 44 An honorable old age is the childhood of immortality." These sentences culled from the wise and the good assure us that into the modern estimate of man's last years ou earth the doctrines of immortality enters as a drop of carmine that colors all the con tents of the crystal cup. If this feel ing may be cold in some few hearts, it was warm in the souls of our fathers and mothers, and when unable to de tine the thought and prove its worth the doubtful ones of our day arc still encompassed by the old faith and are touched with its pathos, In intellec tual hours, they will doubt, but when a near friend passes down into the grave they will join with the most devout Christian in shedding tears of hope, of reunion. In the lofty philosophy of the present, I old age is, therefore, not a desert in the | earth, but a continent rich in resources, j in products, its fruits, its flowers, and | mild and peaceful in its sky. Whsre the most violent passions have become softened, the mind learns to take a wide survey, and the heart doubles its love to all and deserts no one. In that con tinent men forgive and are forgiven. Woman is beautiful in mind and soul, and this charm makes up features too divine to be perceived by Greek or Ro man. Here the heart ceases to be sec tarian and becomes religious. Here temporary fashion tnrows away her despotic scepter, here jewels diminish upon the person, and simplicity like that of the blue sk)' or ot the sea's bosom comes baek to that mind from which it was driven by the phantasies of youth; and across this continent, feared by all, but by all to be entered, shines the warm sunbeams of a second life. ? From a Reccnt Sermon by Prof. David Swing. The Late Robert 15. Jlinturn. One of the shortest sermons on record is said to have been preached by the witty Dean Swift. A collection for the poor was to be taken, and the Dean, who had been criticised for the length of his sermon on a similar occasion, took as his text Prov, 18:17, " He that hath pity upon the poor Icndcth unto the Lord." "If you like the security, down with the said the Doau, and that was all, The collection was unusually large. But a much shorter sermon was preached by the Rev. Dr. Muhlenberg at the funeral of Robert B. Minturn, a princely Christian merchant of New York. The minister gave out as his text the words of the prophet Micah l (6:8) "He hath showed thee, O man, what is good; and what doth the Lord require of thee, but to do justly, and to love mercy, and to walk humbly with thy God? The sermon consisted of threo words, uttered with measured emphasis: "So did he Nothing more The dead man was worthy of the eulogy. Throughout the city he had been known as "the Poor Man's Friend." Actively engaged in a large business, he was foremost in works of benevolence. Munilicent in his chari ties, he gave, what many liberal men do not, brain? and time, as well as heart, to helping forward .a vast variety of agencies for Hie benefit of the poor and afflicted. Every Sunday ne might be seen sitting on one of the "ncu5h ioned benches of the Church of the Holy Communion, whose glory was that it could truthfully inscribe over its doors the words of the Hebrew proverb ialist: " The rich and poor meet to gether; the Lord is the maker ot them all." One of the noblest charities of the citv of New Vork is St. Luke s Hospi tal* It is a Christian institution whose work illustrates its motto: " Corpus Sanarc , Animnm Salvare ." (-To heal the body, to save the soul). A gift ot ten thousand dollars, privately put into Dr. Muhlenberg's hands by Mr. Min turn, started the hospital. The manner of the gift showed the merchant's idea of the high and blessed way of giving, lie desired that no names should be affixed to the donations for the hospi tal. One Sunday morning, in the ordi nary oll'ertory there were found five bills of one thousand dollars each, la beled "For St. Luke's Hospital." Mr. Minturn happened to be in the vestry when the oll'ertory was brought in. "Let lue hold those bills a moment: I want to touch such money," he said, overjoyed that others sympathized with his idea of unostentatious charity. Not only poor men but afllictcd ani mals shared in Mr. Minturn's pitiful- 1 nesS, One morning, it was long before any society looked after suffering ani mals, ho was walking down town, en gaged in earnest conversation with a I friend, "Stop a minute," he said, ab ruptly breaking ofTJthe talk and dashing i into the thronged street, A poor little j calf was staggering between the vehi cles in the vain attempt tokcep up with J its mother. She was bein<; driven be yond her natural gait by a cruel driver. The friend saw the princely merchant cross to where a job wagon stood. The calf was gently lilted in, some money was put into the wagoner's hand, and he followed after the cow. One morning, while Bishop Potter was visiting at Mr. Minturn's country house, he read at family prayer the par able of Dives and Lazarus. Referring to it, Mr. Minturn said it was a passage of Scripture that often alarmed him. "A very solemn one, indeed," replied the Bishop, "but it is not a terror to the rich who give as they should ot their riches." "Ah, Bishop, what do any of us give but ? the crumbs? "rejoined the merchant who walked humbly with his God. ? Youth's Companion. An 01(1 Story Retold. A Scotch Presbyterian congregation agreed that though their pastor was a learned, laborious, amiable and excel lent man, lie was exceedingly prosy and uninteresting as a preacher. It was resolved therefore, that a deputa tion should be sent respectfully, to ask him to demit his charge. Two elders were induced to go and talk with the minister about the matter. He listened quietly to their hesitatingly told story, anil at once acquiesced in their desire that he should resign. All were greatly gratified, indeed at the prospect of such an amicable agreement, and feeling some sense of gratitude to the minister for his many years of service, they de termined to present him with an ad dress and a purse. A public meeting of the congregation was held at which the paste was invited to be present. An addr. i was read to him containing strong expressions of appreciation and gratitude for his manifold labors, and of strong personal affection for himself, and tno purse was handed to him as a token of their continued esteem. On rising to reply, the pastor was deeply moved and spoke with a faltering voice. He stated that, influenced by the state ments of the elders who called on him, he had resolved, at much expense of feeling to himself to resign his charge. Pausing for a moment as if overcome with emotion ? not a few of the tender hearted betraying their sympathy with him? he went on to say that in view of the affectionate and touching address he had fust received, and accompanied by so generous a gift, he felt constrained to abandon his purpose, and would therefore remain with them, and de vote his future life to the best interests of a people who were so warmly attach ed to him. That minister is still the pastor of the same parish. ? Baptist Weekly. The Happy. Happy is the man whom God cor reeteth, for He maketli sore and bind eth up. Happy is that people whose God is the Lord. Happy is he that hath the God of Jacob for his help. Happy is the man that findeth wis dom, and the man that getteth under standing. Happy is the man thatfeareth alway. Happy is he that condemneth not himself in that thing which he alloweth. He that hath mercy on the poor, happy is he. Whoso trusteth in the Lord, happy is he. He that kcepeth the law, happy is he. If ye suffer for righteousness' sake, happy are ye. If ye be reproached for the name of Christ, happy are ye. Behold we count them happy which endure. If ye know these things, happy are ye if ye do them. ? Well Spring. "Put Life into Your Work. A young man's interest and duty ? both dictate that he should nnike him self indispensable to his employers He should be so industrious, prompt and careful that the accident of his temporary absence should be noticed by his being missed. A young man should make his employer his friend, by doing faithfully and minutely all that is intrusted to him. It is a great mistake to be over-nice and fastidious about work. Pitch in readily, aud your willingness will be appreciated, while the "high-toned" young man who quibbles about what is aud what is not liis place to do will get the cold shoulder. There is a story that George Washington once helped to roll a log that one of his corporals would not handle, and the greatest Emperor of Russia worked with a shipwright in England ? to learn the business. That's just what you want to do. Bo energetic, look and act with alacrity, take an interest in your employer's success, work as though the business was your own, and lot your employer know that he may place absolute re liance on your word and on your act. Be mindful; have your mind to your business, because it is that which is going to help you, not those outside attractions which some of the "boys" are thinking about. Take pleasure in work: do not go about it in a listless, formal manner, but with alacrity and cheerfulness, and remember that while working thus for others you are laying the foundation of your own success ifi life. [St. Louis Times.J Money In It. The best investment is in that which will maintain health. From a letter of Mr. c. W. Eck, No. 12 8. 5th 8t, St Louis, Mo., it ig learned that the clerk of the Money-Order Dept. at the post office in Alton, Ills., Mr. J. B. Kuhn, suffered for some time with Indi gestion and all its accompanying evils? a headache, loss of appetite and despondency, and was surely becoming a hypochondriac! He commenced the use of Hamburg Drops and is now well and strong again. Evert Farmer and Teamster should know that Frazer Axle Grease cures sore necks and scratches on horses. Buy it anywhere. Redding's Russia Salve, the most wonder ful healing medium In the world. Price 25c. WOJLWPS TRIUMPH! HAS. LYDIA LPINKmOF LYNN, MASS ? DISCOVERER 07 LYDIA E. PINKHAM'S VEGETABLE COMPOUND. axnauuKWMMnMBHnMOByMHfl ThoPoBltlvcCnre tor all those Poiorul Complaints and Weaknesses tocommgn to our best female population. It will euro entirely tho worst form of Femalo Com plaints, nil orariaa troubles, Inflammation and Ulcera tion, Foiling and Displacement*, and the consequent Spinal Weakness, and Is particularly adapted to the Chango of Life. It will dissolve and expel tumors from tho uterus In an early stage of development. Tho tendency to can cerous humors there U checked re ry speedily by Its use. It removes falntness, flatulency, destroys all craving for stimulants, and relieves weakness of the stomach. It cures Bloating, Headaches, Nervous Prostration, General Debility, Sleeplessness, Depression and Indi gestion. That feeling of bearing down, causing pain, weight and backache, 1s always permanently cured by Its use. It will at all timos and under all circumstances act in harmony with tho laws that govern tho female system. For the cure of Kidney Complaint* of either sex this Compound is unsurpassed. LYDIA E. PINKUAM'B VEGETABLE CO*. POOD Is prepared at 233 and 23S Western Avenue, Lynn, Haas. Prieo |L Six bottles for Sent by mall In tbe form of pills, also in the form of lozenges, on receipt of price, per box for either. Mrs. Pinkh^p freoljanswors-oll letters of inquiry. Send for pampa* let. Address as above. Mention thU Paper. No family should be without LYDIA E. PINKHAX'S LIVER PILLS. They euro constipation, biliousness and torpidity of tho liver. 25 cents per buz. BOLD BY STRONG, COBB & CO. Cleveland, Ohio. CELEBRATED &imRs Meets the requirement* of the rational medical phllos ophy which at present prevails. It Is a perfectly pure vegetable remedy, embracing the three Important prop erties of a preventive, a tonic, and an alterative. It fortifies the body against disease. Invigorates and re vitalizes the torpid stomach and liver, and effects ft most salutary change In the entire system, when In a morbid condition. For sale by all Druggists and Dealer* generally. IBS 5REAT INSTRUCTION BOOS ! RICHARDSON'S NEW METHOD For the Pianoforte. 6T NATHAN RICHARDSON. PRICE $3.25. IT IS GENERALLY CONCEDED THAT THIS 13 THE MOST PERFECT. AS WELL AS THE MOST SUCCESSFUL PIANOFORTE INSTRUCTION BOOK SVER PUBLISHED. HAVING BEEN MANY TIMES REVISED, IT MAY BE CONSIDERED AS EN TIRELY FREE FROM ERRORS. HAVING BEEN REPEATEDLY ENLARGED, IT IS REMARKA BLY FULL AND COMPLETE. MANY THOUSANDS OF TEACHERS HAVE USED THE BOOK FOR YEARS. AND STILL CONTINUE TO USE IT. AS THE BEST. SALES ARE CON STANT, AND VERT LARGE. KK'HARD SON'S NEW METHOD FOB THE PI ANOFORTE IS THE TITLE. ORDER IT BY THE WHOLE TITLE. AND ACCEPT NO OTHER BOOK, SINCE THIS IS THE ORIGINAL AND TRUE "RICHARDSON." SOLD BY ALL THE PRINCIPAL MUSIC DEAL ERS AND BOOKSELLERS OF THE UNITED STATES AND CANADA. MAILED, POST-FREE, FOR S3.S5. OLIVER DITSOM & CO., Boston. CHAS. H. DITSON i CO.. J. E. DITSON I CO., 843 Broadway, X. Y. 1223 Chestnut St. , Phlla. 562 Washington St., Buffalo, N. Y. 6 ton slnirlc bra.?s beam geo 6 ton Week'" Patent Combination bo/un "SO Other sizes proportionately low tn price. Every Scale Warranted. 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