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2 2 | 'CENTS.' -■iw' 1 PRICEbffiSgS._WHEELING, W VrA, TUESDAY. NEVA -Jo. 1897._VOL. 35; AO.:M. the Trial of Herr Yon Tausch ia Berlin. .. y . Last a Week-Amorg the y r. sses Summoned Are - Counts, Ex-Ministers and N< wspaper Mon-The Ds ursed With Pw* and Treason — Incidents ^ udimr Up to ths Trial. l<*7. Associated Press. May 24.—The trial of Herr -vh. former commissioner of p ilitical police, who was ar Marth $. last at the close of uow-Leekers trial, during imperial chancellor. Prince e, the minister for foieign Caron Marschall von liieber . the German ambassador to Count Philip von Kulenberg. ng the witnesses, commenced 1 will probably last a week, he witnesses summoned are Marschall von Bieberstein. iUp ron Kulenberg. ex-Minis K. uller and Gen. Bronsart von • police Presidert Wind H. rr Rebel, the Socialist leader. • : v newspaper men. besides • f officials b.longing to the . t ministries. ::ing or me mm me t > court cautioned Baron von .v not to depart front the actual ■-> rh testimony which he might .... g • give against Yt» The former chief of the secret - v.l police was then examined. He • . the em «, nt of Yon Luetzow and a news man named Schaumann bv the • political police, and assured the rt that he. Von Tauseh. had never political interests to he served ■ < ... .n. is said to have been much y than Baron von Luetzow. n (scaped from Berlin just in ii arrest. He was charged, jj. n with Baron von Luetzow. „ ^ -;sned fictitious names to • ir. ney given them to bribe newspaper writers or editors, or subor s of the government to • y information of every ■m the alleged campaign ■he existing cabinet, h is ■ hargcvl with four-fold ■ d. incidentally, with treason, .tens, if pushed to the wall, to a clean breast of everything, and may include establishing the iden ,f the authorship of th° famous d Von Koetze letters. by which • r.ymous writer, for over a year, h- court of Germany in a state •iu il by making the most scanda 4:>inuations a-gainst male and m.embers of many aristocratic ’.•••suiting in stormy scenes. r duels, and deaths. C ount K ze. the former court chamber r.iing to general report, is cer the author of this series of >. ks upon various HWIB* ■ •; nobility, and it has been * hinted that the author v mdalous missives is to be ] - very highest circles in ! v. Therefore, under all the eir • c very greatest interest • ir. the proceedings against . h. whose preliminary ex •■ .■ b<' sai l to have eom •• T>..-ember 8. when he was the close of the Luetzow ■ matter seem? to da'e irom f prince Bismarck from power i (T -ion of G-n. Count von to the chancellorship. From a ,.jj a merciless, underhand rfare was waged against ,'rivi. and his enemies wcie - * -sful in causing his re hi* was seemingly followed ?• political campaign, this several oth»r members of ament, two of whom. Dr. .raster for the Interior, and ."dt von Schellendorf. min* lost their portfolios, while in danger of the same fate, x in the campaign of polit n.y and court intrigue was -: 1 v after the Czar and Em* m met at Breslau last year, sties toasted each other and r of Russia, replying to the i Germany, satd he was ! with the same feelings as • sty.*” But a version of the • st was published in which ^>d tha* he said he was with th» sam* fe-lings as my ' ind it was further asserted Co r s wording was altered ■ ort of the toasts at the in i' C un* Von Eulenhurg, the irt marshall, in British inter tl editor of the paper in \* !#ii* the toast appeared : • ' b< lieve that the minis- ! <;n affnir>. Baron Marshal si* in. was derirous that this ■ -r Count Von Eulenburg published. i • Von Etil nburg and Ba Von Biebersteln commenr i‘ !i(»el against two news Bar n Von Luetzow, who : 'he m -t honored n:*m >s 1 t ■-? v. being a descea ant i - l.uetzow of the war of : •! Herr Livkert. alias Lar- | „ J ' mig man who was clearly j - . 1 ‘ ! ir the hands of powerful . . / But. in reality, the ac-J c - 7 taken asrainst the political 1 *-c "«cich for 6:i years past has been ) £ directing the intrigues whicv resulted In the overthrow of tors and ministers. f It was evident from tb .cP .at the tief ndants in this car ^ £ >ked upon by the minister o' .<■ «? affairs > h 0| i; ss than who had ’ * .tilly ma nipulated by men ach higher rank, and. step by ihe batteries of the prosecution werPdirected upon the notorious department of the secret political police of Germany, which ri vals the dreaded Third section of Rus sia in its power for evil doing. The highest chief of the German secret po lice is the minister for the interior, and its special task is outwardly under stood to be the surveillance of the press: but. as already shown, chancel lors and cabinet ministers have failed to bear up against its attacks. As the case progressed, the efforts of the prosecutors turned upon Herr Von Tausch. the police commissioner in charge of the political police, and it was shown that Baron Von Luetzow and others were numbered among his paid agents. Eventually Von Tausch was placed upon the witness stand and was so adroitly bombarded with ques tions that he lest h;s temper and ex claimed: “Am I here as a defendant cr as a witness?” Then he appealed to the presiding judge for protection: but that official was compelled to state that Baron Marshal Von Bieberstein was within his rights in insisting upon answers to the questions put to the chief of the secret police. Counsel for Huron \ on Luetzow and Lei kert had tried to prove that the statement that Count Von Eulenhurg had falsified the version of the Czar's speech emanated from Baron Marshal Von Bieberstein. and that the latter wished Von Eulenbtirg to he exposed, and. therefore, the efforts of the pros ecution were steadily directed toward finding cut the identity of the individual who had placed Baron Von Luetzow, who first obtained the “news.” in pcs sessi n of the alleged facts. Baron Marshal Von Bieberstein insisted that the men who in this manner tried to s t th° Emperor's entourage against the foreign office were identical with rb se who concocted the intrigues which led to the downfall of members of the cabinet. It was demonstrated by witnesses that Von Tausch had re peatedly made false statements to his superior, the minister of the interior, expanding the authorship of articles attacking prominent people, and later. Baron Von Luetzow confessed in writ ing tnat Von Tausch was the instigator f the intrigues complained of. Von Tausch was then recalled to the ! stand and w is asked what he had to say reply to Baron von Leutsow’s confes sion. He remarked: “This is a pack of = from beginning to end.” Replying.. • w ver. to further questions, von Tausch in Emitted ht had sent the articles and the !*ttfr to Count Phillip von Eulenberg, and ! he also admitted he had some suspicion about th genuineness of Kukutsch’s sig i nature on the receipt, but it was not true ! that he had induced von Leutzow to forge ! ^ount Phillip von Kulenberg Is among Emperor William * most intimate friends, i Hi- majesty invites him every year to at i t#nd him on hi- yachting trips to Norway and the emperor, yearly, has been the count's s'l"'1 at Castle Liebonberg. where Gen. Von Caprivis resignation was brought about by his proud refu-al to dis avow an artlcl in the Cologne Gazete at tacking Count Botho von Kulenberg, the then Prussian minister president, who had 1 tendered his resignation, later accepted. , i on account of friction between himself and Caprivi. Von Tausch was shown to have known th- name of the Cologne Gazette ar ticle. but he kept it secret to serve his own end- and allowed another writer to remain under suspicion for years. Under the- circumstances there was nothing ’eft for the court to do but to r ' iest th> German ambassador at Vienna. | Count Philip von Eulenberg, to appear on he witness stand, which he did a day or ; two later. Von Tausch. at his own re I quest, heir.g in the meanwhile suspended i from duty. The ambassador admited he had received a letter from von Tausch and that he had anew-red it in amiable terms, and ho also admited that at his (Count e on Kul> nberg's) in.--ance. the emperor had 1 • - ■owed a decoration upon von Tausch. But the next moment the ambassador sol emnly a> rted that he had never been mix ed up in a political intrigue, and that he would never be so involved. The public prosecutor then sen* for von J T tu- 'h. bad him placed once more on the - md. and asked him whether he had in spire <1 or allowed to be printed a paragraph in th. Berlin Tagehlatt that Leckert fre cimntt 1 the for.ign office. Von Tausch swore he had not made such an assertion. , The editor of the Tagehlatt. Dr. Levy schn. was then called, aral von Tausch . w is again sent from the the court room. Dr. Levysohn. on oath, stated that Von Tausch had called at his office, and in a long conversation had given him the ma terial for an article on the czar's toast at Breslau ar.d had • xpressly Stated that , Leckert had frequently been received at j the foreign office. When informed that . von.Tausch had sworn to the contrary. | Dr. I.evysohn shrugged his shoulders and remarked: “I have sworn and can only speak the truth.’’ Thereupon the public prosecutor arose . and (sked for tht arrest of Von Tausch on the charge of perjury, hurried out to see that the chief of the secret police did rot make his escape, and conducted , him in person into the court room. The arrest of Von Tausch followed:, he was led away a prisoner ar.d *he case con- j tinned. The evidence of a beautiful young girl showed that Baron Von Luetzow. her lover, had dene everything possible to free himself from the meshes of the net which Von Tausch had cast over the latter, how the baron had written letter after letter In his attempts to secure other i employment, and how his poverty, had \ compelled him to remain in the employ i of the secret police, her naive evidence ! tending to prove beyond doubt that Von . l.« utzow was completely In the power of i the chief of (itTtnuny's third section. Finally, by the evidence of u Captain ( Hoe nig. it was demonstrated that \on Tausch. though he kn- \\ that this witness , d not a certain Herr Von Huhn. was the author of an article in the Cologne ! Gazette, attacking Gen. Von Hahnke, chief of the emperor's military cabinet, de nounced Von Huhn to the minister of the interior and to the emperor, as the writer, of the article, because \ on Huhn fre quented the foreign office and In order to discredit that department. Baron Von Luetzow and Leekert were then sentenced to 1*> months' improson rr.cr.:, and the other and less important j \ arsons who were on trial with them were sentenced to shorn r terms and tines. It is quite certain that Von Tauseh has not conducted his political intrigues for so many years on his own account, but for higher and more powerful persons. Although in receipts of but a small salary (about 3,200 marks—JvhI), lie has lived at the rate of 50,000 marks per annum, and his load of dotes has been paid, from time to t me, by somebody. Von Tauseh is a Bavarian by birth. He comes from a family of impoverished nobles, served as a lieutenant in the Ba varian army during the Franco-German war, being decorated with the second class of the Iron Cross for distinguished brav ery. In 1VT0, having been promoted cap tain, he was forced to leave the army be cause of pecuniary difficulties. After be ing employed by the Berlin Disconto Gesellshaft for ri siiort while, lie was ap pointed a subordinate otfi*»r in the Ber lin police forte, due to the influence of the Schnaehole case, which almost led to war with France at the time, by arrest ing the Bismareks. For about F> years he has been the soul of the political police department, nearly all the Important trea son. espionage and anarchist cases b’ ing intrusted to him. SUPREME. The Highest Judicial Tribunal Gives Opinions on Several Important Matters. Washington, D. C.. May 21.—In the i United States Supreme Court to-day Justice Peckhani handed down the opinion of the court in the case of L. E. Parsons, late district attorney for the northern district of Alabama, appealed from the Court of Claims. The decis ion was adverse to Parsons’s claim, that he was ent'tled under section 709 of the revised statutes to hold his office for four years, notwithstanding the | President's order or removal. Justice j Peckhani said that while the appoint- ! meat was for four years, it might be terminated earlier at the discretion of the President. The Supreme Court decided two cases to-day, holding that the United Slates ; Inter-State Commerce Commission has ; no power to prescribe rates on rail roads or pass upon rates not in effect. The cases were those of the commis sion vs. the Cincinnati & New Orleans Railroad Company, and the Florida A: Western Company. The court affirmed the decision of the court below in the case of C. R. Wright, of Pittsburg. Pa., charged with a violation of a pert ion of the Inter State commerce law prohibiting dis crimination. Wright granted rebates on beer to pay for dravage. This ac tion was held to be in violation of the law. The questions whether the statutes . relating to national banks, prohibiting them from purchasing or subscribing ; to the stock of another corporation. I and whether the want of authority can . be urged by the bank to defeat an at- J tempt to force against it the liability ! of a stockholder, were passed on bv the Supreme Court to-day in the case of the California National Bank, plaint iff in error, vs. Nat Kennedy. It was i held that the California National Bank ; of San Diego, held 990 shares of stock of ti)<' California Savings Bank, the former having suspended on November 13, 1891. and the latter December 29. 1891. The Superior Court of San Diego county held that the national bank was responsible to the creditors of the sav ings bank to the amount of $18,507, the | former making the defer.S' indicated j above. The court holds a national ! bank has no right to deal in stocks, j although it may accept them as security | and that it may pi‘ad its want of power f as defense in a case like the one in . question. The transaction in the stock , of tlm savings bank is held to have / been void and the judgment of the Su- j preme Court cf California against the national bank is reversed. THE report denied. DETROIT. Mich . M iy 24 -Amalgamate 1 Association delegates deny the .--a;, m.-nt made from Cleveland that the manufac turers have rejeced the association's scale for tin plate workers. The scale has not yc-t been fixed. Governor PIngreo address.- i th- Amal gamated convention to-day. i he dele gates refused to permit the Gov.-rnor to !»e Introduced, as they asserted with mu ’ll en- J thusiasm that they kn- w him already. In his speech Governor Filigree said he be lieved in protection but not in taxing th. necessities of life. The trouble was the government collected too much from the poor and too little from the- rich. The convention to-day r cciv- d word from the tin plate manufacturers' asso ciation stating that no advance in wages would be granted this year. The work re assert, however, that such declarations are maters of common expert nee wh n th> scale is b-: ing fixed. The wage committee was in session I several hours considering suggestions for changing last year's scale on t-heet iron or black plate'and tin plate. Noth ing definite was decided upon and fur ther consideration will ife given the matter to-morrow. THE SUNDRY CIVIL BILL. Washington. May 24—The conferees on the Sundry Civil appropriation hill have agreed. The most important amendment to the bill was that re voking the order of President Cleve land. of Februarv 22.1S07. ^tting apart '1.000,000 acres of lands as forest reser vations. The Senate amendment may modify or revoke the proclamation, and it is provided that the lands em braced in the reservations, not dis posed of before March 1, 1S9S. ?hall again be subject to operations of the order of February 22. or as they may be modified bv the President. The total of the bill as agreed to is <53.622.651. METHODIST MINISTERS PROTEST. NEW YORK, May 21.—At a meeting of M-'Oiedist mini.-ur? of tin# city to-<3 •v a resolution was- adopt*d. protes ng against any allotment of governnv m land for a Roman Catholic chapel a- '.Yest j Point. The protest Is to l»* sent to Pres ident McKinley. PLEAD NOT GUILTY. New York. May 24.-W. C. Van Aiken, who attempted to shoot ex United States Senator John R. Me Pherson oh Tu6sd3y srrsign ed to-day and plead not guilty. i PRESBYTERIANS. The Work# of the General Assembly at Eagle Lake Continued Yester day-Congratulations to the Queen. EAGLE LAKE. Ind.. May 24.-In the general assembly by a general consent r« f rence to the parliament tangle on Sat urday was omitted from the minutes. Fraternal greetings were received from the com ntion of the United Brethren at To ledo, Iowa, and from the general assembly of the Southern Presbyterian Church at Charlotte, N. C. Replies were author ized. The first regular ord>r wts the report of (ht Board of Mi.-ions to Freedmen. After reviewing the work of the board resolu tions \v re introduced commending the work. The second ord r was the report of the committee on home missions appointtd la.-t year to confer with the board in New York in reference to h methods of the work and retrenchment of the expenses. At the opening of the afternoon session of the assembly, Hon. John Wanamaker was recognized and introduced the follow ing. which th< assembly ordered by a rising vote to be s< nt to the Qu* on: -This day bring the Tsth anniversary of the birth and the G<i:h anniversary of the coronation of Her Most Gracious Majesty. Queen Victoria, whose reign lasted long er than that of any other monarch in the last thousand years, this general assembly of the Presbyterian Church in the United Stans of America deems it fitting, and does hen by sends cordial greetings to both the illustrious Christian sovereign and the subjects of her g* ntie, generous and right eous rule over tin destinies of the empire over which the sun never sets.” The regular ord r of the afternoon was tlie oonsid. ration of tin report of the board of education. The annual union meeting of the wo man's board of foreign missions was held to-day. The morning sesion was devoted to sugg - ions as to foreign missionary work from ladies of the several boards and the speeches by some of the mission aries themselves. Mr.-. 11. H. Fry, Dr. Eva H. Filed. Mrs. R. J. Mitchell and Rev. Frank E. Hoskins addressed the afternoon meeting. The. evening poplar misting in ini* rest of the work among freedmen was presided over by Hon. John Wanamaker. BAPTIST MISSIONS. The Eighty-Third Anulversary Begun In Pittsburg Yesterday. PUtsburg, Pa.. May 24—The eighty third anniversary of the American Bap tist Missionary Union began this morn ing. , . i The union has charge of all foreign ; mission work, and also has a number j of institutions for higher education , under its control in foreig: binds. j The repor of the executive committee gave an interesting account of the work j the past year. The treasurer’s report showed a sat- . isfactory condition. r After reading of the report Rev. u. H. Cossum. a missionary from China. ! arose and said he was opposed to re- I trenebment. “You sent me to ( hina J to work." said he. "and you can't re trench me. You can’t retard the work j by retrenchment. I say to John I). | Rockefeller, or to any man who offers | us money: First consecrate yoursen : to God: make your gift clear and we will accept it. Otherwise we should not touch it. I don t say this about j John D. Rockefeller particularly or alone, but to all who make such ofier.-. This statement caused a profound sen sation. and for a moment there was a painful silence, followed by scattering applause. , _ j A number of delegates followed Mr. , Cossum in opposition to his rematks, bm the chairman finaly dismissed the matter bv saving: "When our brother has bee:: longer in this country and be comes better acquainted, he will modify . his views.” . , The meeting then adjourned without taking action upon the report under consideration. The principal address of the aU i nocn was delivered by Prof. J. M. Eng- I lish, 1). D.. of Newton Theological Seminary, Massachusetts. Officers were eler-ed as follo'\^ President. Rev. Henry !•. Colby. 1). T).. Ohio; vice presidents, Chester Kineslev, Esq.. Massachusetts: Rev. 0 1) MacLaurin. Michigan: recording secretary. Rw. Henry S. Burrage, D. D.. Portland. Maine. The report <f the committee on preachers and plac .which JM adopt ed. recommended E. < randall. D. D of Chicago, as preacher tm annua sermon. It was als re 'myojfdthat . . . - meet g I ■ ■ ■ with the executive commi'tee. RELIEF I OR AMERICANS. Mores to tie Brought Here and Shipped By niprs to ( aha. Washington. May 24-The ^solution appropriating $--»0.000 f™ tllp ' lsCI,e‘^d American citizens in Cuba was signed to-dav. The President will consult the S;ate department respecting the adoption of measures of relief in ad dition to those taken last week. «hen Cor Mil General Lee was authorized to draw UI n tbi State *»pan nient for $10, * for the Pro curement of immediate supplies. ^? .Snc, S "end' mVn'-v to Cuba, but bidieve that n v rw of the high prices of provisions prevailing on the island it will be hest to procure at least a portion of the «orS in'tbi, t-o.tt.try and send thorn by freight steamers to Cuba. SATISFACTORY. The Gunboat Wheeling Given an Unofficial Trial to Test Her* Ma chinery-Four Runs of a Mile Each Made. San Francisco. May 24.—The gunboat Wheeling was given an unofficial trial bv the trial beard over the one-mile course to test her machinery. Four runs were made over the course each wav The first run developed a speed of nine knots per hour: second, 14 knots- third 11.3 knots: fourth, lo knots’ with a current of about two knots per hour setting sou heast. Everything worked satisfactorily. TELEPHONE COMPANIES. Meeting in Pittsburg and Fort Wayne of Independent Concerns—A Big Combine Keported. Pittsburg, Pa., May 24.—Fifty-five distinct independent telephone com panies of Western Pennsylvania, East ern Ohio and West Virginia are ex pected to have representatives at the first annual lnter-Scate Local Tele phone Association, to be held June J, at the Monongahela House. One of the objects of the meeting is is to bring about a combination of all the smaller telephone companies in order to establish a long distance ser vice. A convention of the different companies will bo called for a centra! point, probably Columbus. Ohio, and there the possibilities of extending the l long distance system will be considered. CHICAGO. May :.’4.-The Times-Hcrald si>s: Steps looking to the formation of a powerful alliance in opposition to the Bell Telephone Company are to be taken in Chicago this w.ek. Here are the main things contemplated: A national association of the l.COO oper ating telephone exchanges of the I'nitod States independent of the Bell company for mutual development and protection. Long distance toll line connections by the con nection of the various independent tele phone exchanges of the country. The es tablishment of an independent long dis tance service connecting the great eom mercial centers in a field now occupied ex clusively by the Bell company. Fort Wayne, Ind.. May 24.—Repre sentatives of the independent telephone companies from Ohio, Pennsylvania. Tennessee. Virginia, Michigan, Mis souri. Illinois, Indiana. Arkansas. Iowa. Minnesota, South Carolina, Wisconsin and Texas are holding a meeting here to devise a means to formulate a toll system in opposition to the Hell Tele phone Company. Judge R. S. Taylor of Fort Wayne, attorney for the Fnited States, in the recent Berliner litigation before the Supreme Court, spoke of the recent de cision of that body. -o A PROTEST BY GREECE. Slip 1h Not Willing to l>eal Directly With Turkey. ATHENS. May 24.—The Greek govern-I m--nt In reply to a notification s<r.t by Edhem Pasha, commander of the Turkish army in Thessaly, that he is empower- d to negotiate the terms of peace with Greece direct, has Informed the mlnist-rs of the powers h- re that, as Greece has al ready confided her Interests to the powers, there is no reason why site should nego tiate direct with Turkey. CRETAN CHIEFS FAVOR GREECE. Athens. May 24.—The Cretan chiefs have sent a document to the Greek gov ernment declaring that they are unan imnusly in favor of political union with Greece, but asking the advice of tho government as to the best course to pursue <onsistently and with due regard to national interests. THE DECREE SUSPENDED. Constantinople. May 24.—The decree of the Turkish government, calling for the expulsion of all Greeks from tho Ottoman empire, which was to have gone, into effect to-day, has boon sus pended in view of the peace negotia tions. ---o TO HIDE A CRIME. The Bodies of Two Men Fonnd Horribly Mutilated on i» Railroad Track. Chattanooga. Tenn.. May 24.—South ern railway train No. 12. en route from Chattanooga to Knoxville, ran into and horribly mutilated the bodies of two men near Mouse Creek, Tenn.. this morning. Judging from all appear ances it is believed that the men were murdered and their bodies placed on the track to ward off suspicion from the murderers. Onf of the men was Henry Preston, a resident of Athens, Tenn', the other an unknown negro. KILLED KV OI'H KS.VND. Three Men Dead and Another May Die at Fort Wayne Fort Wayne. Ind.. May 21.—Four workmen employed by the city were engulfed in quicksand to-day. Three of them were killed. 1 he dead are: A. Dennis. A. Brown. James Christie. Michael Sheehey was fatally injured. The men were digging a trench for water mains, when about six feet be low the surface a vein of quicksand was broken and all four were engulfed in a mass of rand and rock. Sheehey was rescued hut will probably die. ---o— Stirs Up S'rife Among the Reformed Presbyterians—The Use of the Weed Def Tided. Pittsburg. Pa.. May 21.—The session ; of the Oenrral Synod of the Reformed i Presbyterian Church was this morning , enlivened by a discussion over the use j of tobacco. The question arose over | the report cf the committee having in charge the bequest of Francis Land. D. D., for the education of young men for the ministry. The report recom mended that when expedient students receiving aid should attend the Cedar ville College, and that no student should receive aid who used tobacco, or in dulged in any extravagant habit. Dr. Steele, of Philadelphia, defended the use of the weed, and a number of delegates strongly opposed him. Tha j question and report were finally re ferred. Prof. M. Gailey. of Illinois. ' than read the report of th° Hoard of , Foreign Missions. S. F. Karr. trens- j urer of the Theological Seminary, pro- | sented his r>-v< >t. It showed expend!- J tores of $3.4r* \e(i. and a balance in the treasury of *1 ''24.07. The report of the Committee on Sun da'- Schools, which followed, was very encouraging and showed the organza- j tion to be in better shape than evar be fore. The Synod then adjourned. CONGRATULATED THE QUEEN. WASHINGTON. May 24 -Th» Tr-"Merit thi? mnrrir.fr rent a cable m^- ape to Queen Victoria, cor prattilatir.g her on the celebration of her 79:h birthday. The People, and the Institutions of the European Republic, The Minister Has Presented HiB Recall and is Now a Private C.tizon — Some Interesting Ob servations by On9 Who Has Studied for Four Years the Peo ple and Their Manners and Methods—The L?.ck of Personal Liberty and the Constant Inter ference of the Government in Private Affairs Amaze Him. Thinks the Proposed Arbitration Treaty With Great Britain Was a Farce. Paris, May 24.—The retiring U. S. ambassador, Mr. James H. Eustis, drove i to the Elysee Palace to-day and pre sented his letters of recall to President Faure. After the ceremony Mr. Eustia granted an interview to a representa tive of the Associated Press and guve the latter his impressions of France, expressed his admiration of the French people and gave his openion of the re jected Anglo-American arbitration treaty. Mr. Eustis said: “My four years’ residence in France has afforded me a very favorable op portunity of studying French institu tions. and it has been a most interest in? study, and it has enabled me to contrast the working of a republican govern ment in France and constitutional gov ernment in the United States. There are some points of dissimilarity. They are called sister republics, but as to fundamental principles they are not very closely related. In advocacy of personal liberty, France has never pro duced a single great man, the fact be ing that no matter how ardent a repub lican a Frenchman may he, and how great may have been his devotion to the political rights of the people he does not seem able to form the slight est conception of what are known in England and the United States as the fundamental rights of personal liberty. They made a revolution to destroy one bastile. but. they have many to-day upon the republican soil of France, owing to their system of arbitrary arrests, detention and perquisitions which exist only under the most auto cratic form of government. To an American such a system would render life intolerable. It could be wiped out. in one day. but no one seems to con -bi rr it sufficiently important to protect the personal liberty of the citizens. The French^ certainly deserve a great deal of credit for having maintained their republic in the face of such ad verse circumstances, but they present the strange anoinoly of a self-govern ing people being fond of the constant and unremitting interference of the government in their personal affairs and their personal relations and being supremely indifferent to the rights of personal liberty. An eminent French man with whom I was discussing this question, most truthfully declared: *• ‘The ignorance of public men in Franco with regard to the working of our constitutional government has of ten amazed us. “As regards the French people, my residence in Paris has increased my admiration for them. I consider them a most marvellous people as regards their intelligence, their thrift, the hab its of sobrietv, their wonderful re sources and their devotion to political liberty, and if. as we do. they allowed their free institutions to develop in stead of dwarfing the individuals, their national power would be much greater than it is now.” “As you were f<>r years a member of tho Senate Foreign Relations Com mittee, what is your opinion of the rejected treaty of arbitration between Or at Rritain and the Fnited States?” “I h»ve always considered it a sen timental farce, it is based upon a false idea, in the first place, that the intel ligent processes of diplomacy are inad equate to adjust, differences between the two governments: and secondly, that the amicable process of special arbitration will not be resorted to when diplomacy fails. Roth of these as sumptions are falsified, even by our very late experience; and It Is a hu miliating confession bv both govern ments to admit that these potent in strumentalities are rot to be within their reach in the future as they hnvo been >n the past. If. on the other hand, it. means that the feeling of hosti 't,r between the two countries i« so pro notinced that it is necessary to est ab lish a disciplinary tribunal to keep them in order and to prevent them from rushing at each other's throats (which is a preposterous supposition), any permanent tribunal of arbitration would lie brushed aside and utterly fail of i's intended purpose." “What are your plans now?” • j have presented my letters of re call and. therefore, am a private c:tl zen. I shall si «•"ly leave t’aris. settle in New York and practice law there.” IIAVEMEYER'S TRIAL TO RECIIN’. Washington. May 24. — President Henry 0. Havemeyer. of th° American p„e;ir Refining Company, will l»e placed on trial in the criminal court to rn t ;- >w m u ing - n the indictment . harping him with having refuser] to answer questions put to him by the ctrnate Committee investigating th<* Sugar Trust. _O' Tie Went her. rhrist. Schnepf. the Opera Hou«e drag' pi-', mad ■ the following observations o', the temperature yesterday: 7 ru m.. 75: * n m.. 63: 12 m.. 72: 2 p. m.. o.*: 7 p. m.. <54. Weather changeable. Washington, D. C.. Mar 24.—For West Virginia, generalv fair; warmer; northerir winds, becoming variable . For Western Pennsylvania, part'r cloudy in the morning; fair in th* afternoon: sou hfrly winds. For Ohio, generalv Mr: warmer; northerly winds, becoming variable