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the products of foreign countries,
which not only prevails in cities and towns, but pervades the whole country, and is gradually drying up every source of industry and wealth. No man of reflection, who feels a real concern for the prosperity and happiness our country, can view the state of so c^t>b even in the rvUds of Ohio, without the most memncholy forebodings* In tb>is rich and fertile country, abounding with all the necessaries, with many of the luxuries, of life ; far removed and secluded from the “stir of commerce,” and all its scrofulous concomitants, we find the simplicity of agricultural man ners, and the produce of our soil, held equally in contempt. So soon as a far mer, by industry and frugalitv, has ac quired a little independence, his whole family economy must lie changed. His sons must wear broadcloths, NVindsor choids and velvets. His daughters must be rigged out in calicoes, muslins, and .ulus ; luce, Dunstable, and hlorocco. Nothing is decent that is manufactured at home. Their linens, cottons, anti woollens, are exchanged, at half price, for the flimsy manufactures of Europe and India. Our farmers’ crops, before they have attained their growth, some times before they are put in the ground, a; e mortgaged for the support of the cot ■.on and hare manufactories of the old world. Their butter, cheese, and heel, arc consumed before they get to market, by the use of coffee anti tea, su gar and spices, and at the end of the year they have nothing for their labour, but the reflection that their children nave enervated their constitutions, and acquired habits of idleness, dissipation, and extravagance. It we trace these evils to their source, we shall find that thev are onlv to he attributed to the enormous wealth which a few individuals h ive acquired hvcom mercial enterprise and prosperity. The desires, the vanities of the human heart, are without hounds ; and money, which is the means of every sensual gratifi n tion, generally prompts the possessor to a gorgeous display of his taste and splendour. This excites emulation, and emulation gives new life and vigour to enterprise. Thousands embark in the 3ame speculations, and, without equal success, make an equal displavof wealth. Bankruptcy is ihe consequence. Bank rupts are sometimes rich, sometimes un fortunate. A fear of detection, or a false pride, induces them to abandon the scenes of their late pomp and magnifi cence. They retire from the seaports to the towns and villages of the country, and carry with them their habits of lux ury and extravagance. No longer able to make a figure in the citv, they aspire to lead the fashion, and direct tile taste of lesser places. The village shop keeper, the village lawyer, and the vil lage doctor, pay their respects to the new comer, and are dazzled at the ele gant appearance of his house, furniture, and family. He gives an entertainment. It is served up in a superior style. A superb table equipage, costly dishes, and viands of exquisite flavour, surprise and astonish the quality of the village. Their emulation is excited. They aspire to make an equal show. Purse, property, credit, every nerve is strained, to enable them to receive the new comers in equal style. From these village gentry, the contagion spreads to their country ac quaintance, and becomes genera) among all who have any thing like a compe tence. Nv here will the remedy lor these evils be found ? In some general calamity, some national disaster : to which there is reason to believe we are now fast ap proaching. With the loss of commerce, the sources of wealth and profusion will be dried up. We will be compelled to live within ourselves. Necessity may possibly force things to a proper chan nel, and teach us to respect our own ma nufactures, and the provisions which are produced in our own soil. We can well afford to lose some of our sources of acquiring property, if with them we can shake off our habits of extravagance. Should wc, in a pecuniary point of view, suffer much ; yet if we find ourselves a more wise, more industrious, and more frugal people, we may justly count our losses for a great gain. t “ If two negatives make an affirma tive, what will half a dozen negatives make ?—A market woman going over Roxbury Neck, observed that she had left a box at some of the stores in town, the lid only being left in the cart. She sent her husband back to inquire among a few shops, where she must have left it. With an anxious, inquisitive coun tenance, he asked in sevt ral stores,— Nobody dont know nothing about no box that nobody left here, with no kiver on> as nobody knows otij does there ?” CONGRESS. The Speaker laid before the house the following communication from the Se cretary of the Treasury : Treasury Department, Feb. 29, 1808. Sir, I have the honor to transmit here with a statement of goods, wares and. merchandize, exported from the United States during one year prior to the 1st day of October 1807, and amounting to 108,343,160 dollars. The goods, wares and mer chandize of domestic growth or manufacure, included in this state ment, are estimated at S548,6§9,502 And those of foreign growth or manufacture at 59,643,553 108,343.150 1 he foreign goods mar be divided into 3 classes, viz. 1st. Articles on the importation of which n® duty had been collected, they being free of duty by law 2,080,11 / 2J. Articles liable to duty, but which were on re exportation therefore en titled to drawback 48,2f5,948 3d. Articles liable to duty, but which were not on re-exportation entitled to drawback 9,357,501 59,643,558 The duties collected on the importa tion of the articles of the third class, and which, not being paid by consu mers within the United States, are de rived directly from the carrying trade, amount to 1,393,877 dollars, exclusive ly of the additional duties designated by the name of “ Mediterranean Fund.” The articles of domestic growth or ma nufacture, exported during the period aforesaid, may be arranged under the following heads, viz. Produce of the Sea 82,804,000 Forest 5,476,000 Agriculture 37,832,000 Manufactures 2,4( 9000 Uncertain 179,OCX) 48,700,000 I have the honor to be, With great respect, sir, Your obedient servant, i Albk&t Gallahtt.