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Wheeling Sunday register. [volume] (Wheeling, W. Va.) 1882-1934, December 10, 1882, Image 4

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86092523/1882-12-10/ed-1/seq-4/

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Itojwfrr.
neat oat, tn uiau w, um.
Thk doctors who a»i*t«d in the t*k
log off of President Garkibi.d have
beeo allowed from $3,000 to (%000 enoh
for their distinguished service*, and are
very much surprised that their uncon
scionable claims were not allowed in
full. It is not creditable that the mur- j
der ofa President should be made an
excuse for attempts to swindle the gov
ernmeot and to obtain money under
false pret^pces, and it is well that the j
hungry hordes of elaimauts have been |
disappointed.
; —"5*
Tubrb are those who would wish to :
see not only Euglish habits aad custom .
in social life, but also methods of gov- !
eminent and systems of taxation and ;
revenue introduced in this country. A [
gentleman given to statistics gives the ;
following as samples of the mauner in i
which Joliu Bull l,rai*«w the wind": It j
costs a man who takes out a patent 1
nearly $1,000 to secure his claim and I
protect his right*. Property left to the
children of the deceased pirts with one
per cent, to the government. If lie
leaves his accumulation to his brothers
or sisters, there is a tax of three per .
cent. ;Jf it goes to h's uncles or his aunts
the government tak»*s five per cent, of I
the gn*s amount; if to his great uncle* ,
or aunts, tlx* government flues theestat;
H per cent, aud if it go to any persou
not within the degrees of consanguin
ity above mentioned, then the govern
ment appropriates to itself one-tenth of
the whole. To become a barrister a
man must pay &30; an ordinary aolici
cofii^t notary public; it costs $400 to
become an articled Ql*rk to a solicitor;
a banker's license per annum is $150;
it is considered worth to the govern •
mcnt about $50 a year for a man to
practice law, to act a* a notary public,
or to have almost any sort of a con
nection with the office of au attorney.
It costs a man $12 >0 per aunum to own
a carriage; $1 j>er year to own a dog;
$1760 to take out letters patcut as a
duke; $15 to have a gam? license; $10 a
year to reut houses; $75 to get a spec
ial marriage liceuse; $4 a year to keep
a servant; to keep a public house, any
thing from $100 to $300 per aunum."
Kfct'OKV IK nt'SMIPtL POLITICS.
The time for our municipal election
draws near. And considerable interest
is felt a.* to what will be the course of
the two political parties In the eomiug
contest. Are we to have ring candi
dates? Or, are we to have meu selected
for their integrity, and kecu perception
of the city's interest. If men are chosen
lor past political services, if by reason
of having managed a canvass unreward
ed, they are to be rewarded by a chance
to mismauage the finances ot the city, J
if in other words the city's iuterest and
her offices are the treasury out of which
l«rties are to pay for many a measure of
political iniquity, we are free to declare
for reform and advocate the election of
a citizens' ticket.
In many cities of the union so cor
rupt have the several parties become |
that it ha* been fouud uecessary tor the
citizens to organize independent
ly of political preference, and put their
own ticket in the fleld. And in view of
Wheeling's past history, that course
should commend itselfstrongly to every
thoughtful mind.
If tucre ever was a tune well suited to I
such a movement that time is now.
1 Ue IUCVUitua v«— .» ... .— . I
grave questions brought before it. New
railroads sefkiug admission to the city,
new manufactories to be located pro
bably in our midst, new measures of
local self government ami economical
administration, these, and many others,
are the questions this council will have
to deal with. To meet this emergency
the question for every voter should bo
what are theclty's be*t aud 9urest inter
ests, aud who are the men best calcu
lated to give couttdeuce, stimulate exer
tion, and withaut fear or favor act and
counsel for the public good?
In those cities where a citizens' ticket
Is nominated, the leading merchants
aud business men arecalled to the front.
A couucil of such men is a standing
"""guarantee to the city that her a Hairs
will be managed in a wise and careful
way. Aud such a b<»dy is not only a credit
to Itself, but an honor to the city it rep
IMNtSi
If on the other hand our tickets are
dictated by partisans, if men are choaen
who hold their interests in there hats
and can change their allegiance and
peouniary bonds by moviug across the
river a dray load of household goods or
a trilling stock iu trade, it is safe to say,
in the light of past experience, that the
public business will be conducted not
only with incompetency but with reck
less and audacious disregard of every
opportunity altbrded Wheeling to in*
crease her growing importance as a
-manufacturing aud commercial cen
,F —
«.IRI-S WHO VRTT1BED.
Probably the average girt doesu't
know her own mind more than a few
minutes at a time, suggests a heartless
cotemporary. She is forever wishing
something or auother was something
else uuil it was something else, aud
then she wishes it was still another
thing. When she goes shopping she
has the moat dreadful time of it, She
is almost always certain to want to re
turn whatever she gets and get some
thing else. When she does not do this
it is because site has not on her shop
ping excursion been able to keep her
mind together long enough to buy any
thing of sufficient consequence to re
turn.
The uncertainty, which characterise
heir shopping experience, however,
does not embarrass them when it comes
to selecting a husband. It is easier for
aioxt girls to pick out a husband than
it is to match a ribbon, and sora? of
(Item don't give as much consideration
and thought to the one as to the other.
And yet it isn't very easy to exchange
a husband when one finds she has
made a mistake. Perhaps the girls are
not so much to blame. A sweet mous
tache and a lovely necktie are not to
be resisted by everybody; they are
well designed to capture ,the average
girl.
But while some girls change their
mlmls a little too late, there are those
of a quicker disposition. One of these
latter has just come to the public atten
tion in Illinois. She has been sued for
a breach of promise. She _ engaged
.^uiaelf to » sweet moustache and per
fectly lovely necktie, but shortly dis
#»eml that she really dl Ja't want to
marry them. When she was brought
into the court to explain, she merely
indicated in the chosen language of the
untamed West that the young man
was nice to look at, but he made her
tired. He had nothinf but his moustache
and necktie, and she was one of the rare
girls who had found out this fact before
she had married herself to thoie thing*.
Whether the jury will award the
moustache and necktie any damages
has not yet been determined.
In cases like this girls would do them
selves more justice if they would get
tired sooner. The large majority of
them don't flud out how tired they are
till after marriage, and then the hus
band whom they have not concerned
themselves very much to select cannot
be exchanged like the three-quarters
of a ysnl of ribbon which has cost
them weeks of auxiety and painful
thought and care. The average girl
won't care to read this. She doesn't
want advice on the matter of selecting
a husband, but wheu she is going to
buy a new pair of stocking9 she wh|
seek the wisdom aud experience of all
her acquaintances. Girls are the prize
puzzles of this world..
keport or Ttat: TAKirr towms
IMS.
The re|>ort of the tariff commission,
presented to Congress on Monday, says
the commission has sought to present
a M-tu*iue of tariff duties in which sub
stantial reduction should be the dis
tinguished feature. The average re
duction of rates, including that from
the enlargement of the free list, and
the abolition of duties and charges at
which the commission has aimed, is
not less on average than twenty per
u i» me opinion of the com
mission that the reduction will reach
twenty-five per ceut. The reduction In
many eases is forty to fifty per Ceut.
The commission notes the ueces-iitp><o£
adhering to the designation^ fcn<t*
phraseology of the system which is the
growth of a century, and avoiding any
sweeping change which would |>erhaps
react upon labor, depreciate values and
bring disaster
The commission, in view of the best
sentiment of the conservatives iu the
cotmtiy.adhered to the injunction of law
which directs it to see that justice is
done all existing interests. The com
mission declares that high duties have
a tendency to create prejudice, encour
age unsafe investment of capital, and
cause a plethora of certain commodities.
That time has come when a reduction
from high war rates can safely be made
theaiul the increase in production by the
older industries is sufficient to admit of
a reduction without any impuirmont
of the ability to compete. As the
amount of the reduction caunot be stat
ed with precision, it follows that no
statement can be >affly made as to the
effect of the reduction upon the total
volume of revenue from import .duties.
It isprob.ible the reduction of the total
volume of revenue would not be
proportionate to the reduction of duties,
for the reasou that the reduction may
temporarily, at least, increase impor
tations aud a greater revenue, for the
titue, may result from lower duties.
It has been the.effort of the Commis
sion to make the reduction apply to the
commodities of necessary general c Hi
sumption, and to diminish or withhold
the reduction upon commodities of high
cast, requiring more lal>or, and which
being consumed principally by the
more wealthy classes; could bear high
er duties, at the same time supplying
revenue aud encouraging the higher I
operation. It has been sought,invaria
bly, to make the (Incrimination in the
rate of duties imposed on manufactured
product and raw material, or partially
manufactured product, of which it is
made, the object being to impose a
igber duty upon the latter, lu some
eases, the revision has no regard for the
revenue feature, as with boobs, the tar
it! on which is largely reduced in the in
terests of education and progress, while
works of art are increased to encourage
American artists. Recommendations
are made to facilitate the enforcement
of the tariff laws, one of which is that
duties on charges be repealed with
others to do away with the annoyance
to foreign commerce, now prevailing.
A custom court, to deride questions of
classifications and others peculiar to
the import trade is recommended. The
re;>ort puts the annual industrial pro
duct of the country at $6,000,(XX), and
shows that the United States, in the
i matter of productive interests, is now
j the first country in the world. The re
port of the cotnraision is unanimous.
The revision fixes the duty on steel
rails at #17.92 per tou, or 80 cents per
cwt. All other part* of the iron sched
ule are consistent with this. There Is
an entirely new schedule of chemicals,
Iw^wd upon scientific methods, and the
jichedule upon metals i> arranged upon
a new plan. The reduction in wool is
■«aid, in the report, to be of such a char
acter as to commend itself to the pub
lic, the greatest reduction being upon
blankets, upon which the tariff was ex
cessive. No duty is recommended on
quinine. The duty on wood pulp is
abolished, and that on wood and lum
ber retained.
Members of Congress of both parties
talk almirably about what should be
accomplished at the session which be
gun last Monday. They all assert a
willingness to undertake tariIt revision,
but some ex prow a fear at the obstacles
obstructionists may cast in the way.
Both of our Senators express*
themselves as favoring an immediate
consideration of the question of reduc
ing taxation by reconstructing thetarill
system. So strong a protectionist as
Senator Frye advises such action with
regard to the tariff as will meet public
expectations, and he likewise favors a
reform of the civil service. Representa
tive Hkwitt speaks out in a manner
leaving no .doubt of bus determination
to support tariff revision by whomsover
introduced. Commissioner Rauji re
ports to the Secretary of the Treasury
tbat a diminution of internal revenue
taxes should be made as follows:
Matches, medicines, perfumery and
books, $13,748,±3.77; special taxes, $5,
007,906; cigars and cigarettes, $8,744>,000;
total, |^S,50-J,128.77. The commissioner
advises tbe abolition of the duty on
sugar, which would diminish the
Government revenue $45,000,000, and
bring down the price of sugar to the
consumer from ten to seven cents.
Congressmen should keep that state- i
inent steadily before their eyes if they
really propose any relief of the people i
from burdensome taxation.
Congress comes together, moved by I
nn apparently honest purpose of so J i
diminishing the Government receipts
that extravagance in expenditure will
be discountenanced, inequalities* of taxa
tion removed, and an end put to the
practice of making Government patron
age an important factor in popular
elections. Congressmen are seemingly
very teachable just now. The public
eye will be fixed sharply upon them to
see bow much is accomplished for the
general good as against private inter
ests, which will rally in foroe at Wash
ington so soon as they are really
menaced. _____________
XATIVI AID FOBEieX ltt*OB4Xt'E.
According to the census bulletin giv
ing the statistics of illiteracy in the Uni.
ted States in 1880, <>ut of a total popula
tion of 25,785,789 native white persons
o/ teu years and over, 2,255,400, or 8.7
per cent., were unable to write. In Che
Southern State#, exclusive of the bor
ders or «emi-Northern States of Dela
ware, Maryland and Missouri, were
6,270,737, or about a quarter of all the
^native whites at and above that age,but
of those unable to write considerably
more than half, or 1,421,869, were at the
South, where the proj>ortion of illitera
cy was 22.0 per cent.
In New Mexico, which is the darkest
region in the I'uion so far as education
goes, out of a total of 72,219 white na
tives, 40,329, or 04.2per cent., could not
write.
In the rent of the I'uion tiesides the
distinctively .Southern States and New
Mexico there were 19,442,833 native
whites of ten and over, and of these all
except 7S7.3G2, or at«,ut * l,er cent.,
could write.
We see, therefore, that our native
white jiopulatiou at the North contrib
uted very uttlf? in proportion to the
sum of illiteracy in the Uniou. The
percentage of those unable to write was
smaller than that iu any other country.
Much smaller eveiitjhau in the Ger
man States, where p^nilar education is
general. At the South, however, more
than a fifth of the native whites even
were illiterate; and t>ecause of that la
mentable result Of a defective public
school system, the proportion of illiter
acy among native whites for the whole
country was pushed up to 8.7 per ceut.
The foreign-born population of the
I 'nion of ten years and over was 6,374,
Oil, of whom 703,620, or 12 per eeqt.,
were unable to write. The distinctive
ly Southern States contained 32>,4(M of
these foreiiruers, and the illiterate
auioD),' them aggregated 45,83.5,or about
14 percent. The number in the rest of
the I'uion was therefore 0,051,207, n'
whom 717,7!»3, or 11.8 percent, were il
literate.
These comparative figures show, first,
very forcibly, how little is the inclina
tion of immigrants for the South; and
secondly, that those who do go there
are either somewhat less lustructe 1
when they arrive than those who settle
at the North, or, more likely, when
they >;et there have fewer opportunities
to obtain free schooling. The difference
as to illiteracy, however, is so slight as
not to be significant in any respect
worth much consideration. The marked
preference of the iuimitrmuts for the
North is the important thing. ~ Out of
all the foreign l>orn in the South, nearly
a thin! were in Texas alone. The two
States of Kentucky aud Louisiana con
mined about a third more. In the rest
of the South, the borJer States omitted
as before, there was a total foreign popu
lation of only 105,161, or very few
more than the single Northern «nl ■
new State of Kanbas contaiucl, au*l j
"^\tobJ&tiTrConneoUcut" "
It is surprising to discover that tue
largest amount of illiteracy among the
foreign born whites was in England,
Texas-anil Arizona alone excepted. Tue
percentage of those unable to write was
£ 7 in Maine, 26.9 in New Hampshire,
26.6 in Vermont, 19 6 in Massachusetts,
27.3 in Rhode Island aud 18.3 in Con
necticut. In Texas it was 24.7, and in
Arizona '->6.8. Yet in New York, wherv
nearly a fifth of the whole number in
the country were, only 12.5 per cent, of
the foreigners were unable W write »"J
in llllnoto, where there were 56S,-«» of
them, the illiterate were merely 7.. per
°*\Vhat conclusions must 1*? drawn
from this much greater proportion of il
literacy in New England? Does that
region draw a poorer class of immi
grants, or dow it neglect to bring them
into its schools more tbau is doue iu
New Y«rk? Whatever may l»e the an
swers to these question*, the fact re
mains that while in New England the
proportion of illiteracy among the na
tive whites averages less than elsewhere
in the I'nion, the proportion among tho
foreign born is much greater.
We observe, also, that in the Western
States which have beeu so rapidly lilt
ed up within the last ten years by im
migration, the proportion of illiteracy
among the foreign born population is
smaller than in the older States. In
Illinois the percentage of those unable
to write is only 7.7 per cent.; i«
Iowa 8.1; in Kansas. 6.7; in
Michigan, 10.7; in Minnesota,
10.9; in Nebraska, 6.4; in W UH'0M"
sin 10.8. Arizona aloue makes a »>a«l
showing with 2»i.S I*r eent., due very
probably, to Mexicans settlers.
It will be seen that the proportion or
the foreign-born illiterate in all the
great grain States of the West is below
the average for the whole country,
which is 12 per eeut., and mueh below
that of New England. And the ob
vious inference is that a well-iustructo
ela«s of immigrants settle in the West
and Northwest. They are chiefly Ger
mans and Scandinavians, men who
come with money in their pockets to
buy their farms.
Thot-e orators, clerical and others
however, who are so fond of attributing
all the evils In New York to what they
call l,an ignorant foreign population,
the oflsconring of the earth," must lw
.surprised to find that only twelve per
cent, of the foreign born of ten years
and over are unable to write. That is
not halt tl»e proportionate illiteracy
among the native whites of Alabama,
for instance. It is true the percentage
s much more than among the native
whites of New York, 12.5 per cent,
against 2.2 per cent., but it is smiU a*
com pa ml with Europe generally. It
is the more intelligent foreignersjvho
•re most likely U emigrate, and when
Mit-v reach here they are c.iger t<> set
their children into our public achaol*.
Hkke is a mesmeric tale that comes
from Oregon: A woman named
Fumes, a professional clairvoyant, be
anie enamored of a young banker at
Portland, and mesiueriaed him at one
)f her sittings. This done she joined
3W»da with him, and they were married
,, a minister present, whom she m9j
nerixed foe the purpose
mTABtBSMMr*
Tiie Southern World tells of the fol
lowing strange adventures that befell
in (Georgia John Howard Payne, tb«
author of the bnt-lovcd song in our
language: *
John Howard Payne, author of
"Home, Sweet Homr," wa* a warni
personal frieud of John Kiwh, who wdt
be remembered as the celebrated oh'ef
of the Cherokees. At the time the
Cherokee* were removed from their
homeain Georgia to their present pos
sesions west of the MUsi»ippi _ n vef
Payne was spending a few weeks in
Georgia with Ross, who was occupying
a miserable cabin, having been forcible
ejected from hlsformer home. A num
ber of the prominent Cherokees were in
prison, and that portion of Georgia in
which the tribe was located was scoured
by armed squads of the (»eorgia
military, who had order* to arrest all
who refused to leave the ^country.
>Vbile Row and I'ayoe were seated be
fore the fire in the hut, the door was
suddenly bur«t oj>eu aud six or eight
militiamen sprang into the room, lhe
naldiers lost no time in taking their
i.riM>ners away. Koss was permitted
to ride his own horse, while;Payne was
mounted on one letl by a soldier. s
the litUe party left the hovel rain began •
falling and continued until ever} man
was drenched thoroughly, =The journey
lasted all night. Towanl midnight
Pavue's escort, in order to keep himself
awake, began humming "Home, home,
sweet, sweet home," when Payne re
m"LJttle did I expect to hear that song
uuder such circumstances and at such
a time. Do you know the author'.
"No," said the soldier. "Do you?
"Yes," answered Payne. 41 cpiu
^"The devil you did. You caa tell that
t„ but not to me. lioof*
here. You made that song, ymn w 11
vou did-and I know you didn t-you
can say it all without stopping. It has
something in it about pleasures ami pal
ace* Now pitch in aud reel it otr ami
if you can't I'll bouuoe you from your
horse and lead you instead of it."
The threat was answered by Payne,
who rei>eated the song in a slow, sub
dued tone, and then sang it, making
the old woods ring with the tender rael
ody and imthos of the words. It touched
the heart of the rough soldier, who was
not only captivated but convinced, aud
who said that the coni|K)Her of such a
song should never go to prison if he
could help it. And when the party
reached Mdledgeville they were, atter
a preliminary examination, discharged,
much to their surprise. Payne insisted
it was because toe leader ot the squad
had been uuder the magnetic influence
of Koss's conversation, and lioss insist
ed that they had been saved from insult
and imprisonment by the power of
"Home, Sweet Home," sung as only
those who feel can sing it. The
friendship existing between lt*waud
Pavne endured until the grave closed
over the mortal remains of the latter.
Thk IiOiuion llfaWrf tells this story of
Sir < Jarnet NVolseley: (>n the morning
of the intended attack at Tel-el-Ivebir—
it being above all thiugs necessary that
j-urj ric?e should bo effected before dawn
— Sir Garnet Wolseley, while waitiug
the completion of preparations, held in
his hand a repeating chronometer given
hint by the late Lord Airey, which
from time to time he kept striking. It
had warned him of half-past four, aud
he thought he had yet an hour's dark,
when he saw a ray of light rise above
the horizon. Turning to Major Hutler,
he said, in almost despairing tones,
"We are done tbis tira»—there's the
daw n!" Tint the light did not increase;
on the dbntrary, in a few minutes it
vanished. And Sir Garnet afterward
found that what he had seen was the
tail of the new comet-its ilrst appear
ance in Egypt. ,
Two bloods o! eauoa, ivun., were
rivals in love, and decided upou a duel
t9 settle the (1'iestiou of poase^ion.
jeoi? aulf0 retired to r^quertcred nook
where lliey spread a blanket, and t e
deadly work began. At the first deal
one of the rivlas got two palrsjacks and
deuces, and failed to fill. His a
rival showed down four kings, and
took the queen. The surgeon got 510,
the seconds got disgusted, and the loser
got drunk, while the winuer got mar
ried. .. . . ...
A stoky from New \orkis that
Madame Nilsson was assigned to rooms
intlie Windsor hotel above those of
Madame 1'atti. She considered herself
snubbed and refused to occupy them,
though they had been specially prepar
ed for her, and chose others ou the op
posite side of the house, but on the
same floor as Patti. She could not get
them, and went to the Victoria the
>ame day. When the two domas
meet they exchange cold bows-noth
ing more.
Mrs. Lanutry eoncluiled her >ew
York engagement on Batuday night a
a veek ago, and api>eared last week in
Boston. Her engagement in the metro
polis was financially a success, but so
clally she was ostracised by society—
the attentions she received being con
fined to a few young bachelors who
eutertainod her with dinners and sup
pers at Delmonico's. The total receipts
of the four weeks footed up $<j1.803,63.
Itemhardt's figures were 186,468,
but the prices of admission were great
er. Langtry had more people to see
ber than Bernhardt had. Speaking of
her experience in New \ork with a
Herald reporter, Mrs. l.angtry said:
I like New York ever so niueh better
in its white dress than without it. 1 »u
wish I would take the snow away with
nie? I only wish I could. 1 have had
two sleigh fides here—the first of my
life. Aren't they jolly? >*e went
through the park in a helter-skelter
way, and the crowd of sleighs, the
jingling bells and the fast horst* with
tbose funny things on their heads have
a great charm for me. I never saw but
one sleigh in my life until 1 came here,
and 1 never, never saw such fast trot
ting horses as you have. It is a won
der to me that everybodv dot's not run
into everybody else, couslderiug the
way they drive on the avenue.
A SnwviKiiD (Rng.miati received a
crushing retort from his wife the other
day. He advertised in a local paper
that he, Thomas A—, would no longer
be answerable for the debts Incurred by
his wife. The next day she published
an advertisement in reply: "This is to
notify that 1, Kliaabeth A—, am able
to pay all my owa debts, now that I
have got shut of Tommy."
Mrs. Labocchbrk and Mia I.ang
try have separated-the former going to
Washington and the latter to B>»ton.
Mrs, Laboachere told a World reporter
that the cause of their separation was
t ho occasion she had had to remonstrate
with the actress with regard to a pertain
acquaintance she had made in New
York and who accompanies ber to Bos
ton. The Prince of Wales must look
out for bis lily.
FoCRTRB!* tonsof candy are consum
ed daily in 8t. Louis. It costs some
thing to keep the girls of that city
sweetened up.
FoCK Presbyterian clergymen in
Philadelphia have lately adopted the
3iwtom of wearing gowns in tho pulpit
AM English physician says that a
iroman who has a great secret can ba
wall/111 bjlreopingik |
THROUGH THE STATE.
"""""
A Tramp Among the Wilds of West
Virginia.
The 6reat Kanawfia Valley—Hawk's Nest
and the Falls of New River—Keeney's
Knob—Lewisburg —Pocahon
s tas County—Interesting
History.
H'ritten for the Sv^xUuf HeaUtrr.
Weft Virginia is a small State, but
still there arc things in it that may
hardly be found any place else. At
hast that was my opinion when, late in
the evening of November lltb, 1 landed
from (he steamboat Andes at Hunting
ton, resolved on a tramp through my
native State. I prepared raj'self for the
business; for it was not my intention to
go the trip on a bed of roses. I expect
ed to see all that was visible, and to that
end I made arrangements to climb
mountains, wade rivers, combat bears
and panthers, and, in short, take it*
rough and tumble anyway I could
make it. There was not much to be
seenabout Huntington, except one elec
tric light and some boardwalks; so,
early Sunday morning I took the train
for Charleston, keeping a sharp lookout
for anything of note. I did not much
admire the general aj»i*aranee of the
Chesapeake 4 <>«>io railroad riggiug.
Kverythi»*e? 1,1 the way of rolling stock
seamed to be old and dilapidated, but I
suppose that is none of my concern. I
reached Charleston about 8 o'clock. I
had thought- of standing a day there,
but my curiosity was satisfied in an
hourortwo. I flung my kna]>sack on
my baek and started up the (Jroat Ka
nawha to see the salt works. This was
much more interesting to a sight-seer
than our State Capital. At least I liked
it better. The furnaces for evaporating
the brine were far more numerous ana
much larger than I had ever imagined.
They extend at intervals along the north
bank of the river for many miles.
I spent the time till noon looking at
the saline wonders, then crossed the
river to Hrownstown, intending to take
the afternoon train for Kanawha Falls.
I'.ut they told ine the train did not stop
there, aiid that I would have to go to
Coal burg, six miles further—and only
two hours to do it in. Tired as 1 was, I
trudged ahead, and reached Coall>urg
in time to wait two hours for the train.
111us far the Kanawha Valley had
presented a very creditable appearance.
The bottom lands were level and wide,
and well cultivated. But it is by no
means the nicest part of West Virgiuia.
Alter waiting till nearly four o'clock
for the train, I at last got started for the
Kails. I noticed one peculiarity among
the conductors and brakemen on the
read. They cannot speak the Knglish
language. I suppose that they pretend
to do so, hut they make a poor out of it.
When they come to a station they b uvl
out something, which in the dark
might be mistukeu for the snorting of a
leopard or the escape of steam from an
engine. 1 was obliged to impose on the
good nature of the passengers to find
out when I was to my destina
tion; for, although the conductor might
pronounce the name of the station
several times, still I could not uuder
stand it. Ouce he related it twice for
me, and I was settling back despond
ingly, still eudeavoring to trust Provi
dence to let me know when I reached
Hawk's Nest, when a lady in front of
me said that the conductor was trying
to say "Cotton Hill,1'
About 4.\J0 T readied the Fall-*, f
had heard much of the
rail* or the Hnnnwiin
that my expectation was on tip toe.
Howe's History of Virginia says tltat
the river at that place is 15,1)00 feet
wide, and the water makes a pependicu
liirjnnp of 9"? loot T am not
to dispute this; but, It ^eetxis to hie tlmt
th« picture Is overdrawn. The river
does not look to me one-third that
width; although New Kiver, a few
hundred yards above the Falls, may
be 1,500 feet from bank to bank. The
precipice over which the water plunges1
does not extend straight from bank to
bank; but runs in zig-zags and curves,
first up, then across, ana down, so that,
by measuring along the brink of the
ledge it may be 1,500 feet long. At
some point* it probably is 22 feet high;
but it is not that high all the way across.
More generally the water makes the
descent by a series of cascades, arranged
one above another like stair-steps. The
lvanawlia Falls are worth soein ?, to be
sure, but, they are not the finest in the
State. The "Cataracts of Canada," in
Tucker county, are more romantic and
beautiful, although not so much water
flows over them.
Having satisfied myself that the Falls
were all right, 1 went ten miles up New
River to see Hawk's Nest, or Marshall's
Pillar. 1 had barely time to see it be
fore dark. Having engagsd a bunk in
I be Hawk's Nest Hotel, I went out to
visit the l'illar. I had no instruments
with which to measure it, and must
then-fore take for granted that the
measurements by other people are cor
rect. The l'illar* in question is a cliff of
rocks jutting out boldly from the moun
tains toward the river. It was originally
called Hawk's Nest, and is still known
by that name in the vicinity. In 1812
Chief Justice Marshall, as one of the
State Commissioners, visited aud
measured it, since which time it has
frequently been called Marshall's Pillar.
It is said that a person may stand on the
brink above and drop a pebble from his
fingers, and it will drop 1,000 feet before
It touches anything but air. Whether
this is true or not, I cannot say; but I
was told while there that it is only 580
feet from the river to the top of the
rock. The precipice is of a (lull red
color, and is plainly seen from the rail
road, although few persons ever notice
it. When I went to see it, I asked a
man, who lived not half mile away,
when- Marshall's Pillar was. He
answered that he knew Of no such
place. Yet, travelers beyond the ocean
have gone to trouble and expense to
visit this rock!
Thus one day of my tramp was goue
I traveled 101 miles that day -Sunday.
I went to bed, resolvud to see mftre
wonders the next day. The village of
I Hawk's Neat Is without exception the
ino*t drear and desolate place of human
al>ode that it has ever been my lot to
see. The place contains only
aliout a down houses. No gar
dens or fields, or orchards or
fruit trees, or anything that makes life
enjoyable can be seen. Nothing but
rock and cliffs and everlasting moun
tains looming up on all sidca. Far be
neath, through chasms and abysses
and caverns the foaming flood of
New titer
bawls and d&she# and raars with a med
ley of sounds that lend still lonelier fea
tures to surn'imdioirdevolution.
Although I had been going almost
continually for seven days, and bad
bad very little rest, yet, tired as I was
I could not sleep. Whenever I would
fall into a ooze, the roar »f the river
would cause me to dream at manner of
bad dreams, such as being shipwrecked,
being ohaaed by sea lions, gaiug over"
the Niagra Falls.
"So thai w!lh the *<»ry noi«e I w»kf I.
And could not Wlwtof » while hut th*t I
In hell.-***
as Shakeepeare saya. It was uaeles*
to try to sleep amid such a (oar. Wnat
few naps I could snatch were only tor
ment and aggravation, so, I got upanid
went to writing letters—as well to kill
time as t«> jwy debts due patient corres
pondent*. i*.
In this manner I whiled away the
time till after midnight* and again
I tried to sleep. Hut, in rain. I began
to lose my patience; and lest such a
state of affairs should come to paea, I
buckled my knapsack on my baok.
yelled the landlord from bin bed, paid
damages (?5 eenU for the bed) and
rtlkd forth in
„ d"fA,"HiuL ,u^undhK
psSgss^s s ~
»3»^i±,S
X^hnXiedS
kept between Xhe rails, and loofced wr
• he liabt that vu to come. 1 *alkea
several bouts, and »^ "■£*££
moruing heg.n <o ^1?!^
murw«nft?'n.SSr«hloh I fo*et
".V tSTum. i Mt uto i«g»yja
™rDo &&££$&■-£»
^.x'WSfEsf'fir
shouldering my wallett «■•
I never this lit
8f SET Tl:'£ to the wn|claiion
& 'uTS*
images standing uear—a big, Woawa,
STtaSKtiiy
^w%rTu»wi.rsaw
S i hi." "Well," «M he with »a
atmosphere of triu[ii]>h, "w»"'
nponle an* tryiup todewhwd tb©ir way
over tbInroad that we have to be par
t?cular who passes.'' I passed ou and
lea the swclbhead alone in bis K.1*1^
It now began to ram hard, aud tli
wind wemS to blow from live hundred
directions at the same time. About 9
o'clock I reached Sewell, where there
would he a train due in an hour. I got
A Tlekel f»r Mluto».
fortv miles further to the east, and lay
down among Home KrimlsU'nw and oil
barrels and slept soundly till tbe tram
arrived In an hour au«l a half 1 was
at Hinton, the tirst thing that l°°^
like a town 1 had seen after leaving
Charleston. For forty milesaloug New
River I did not see all together ooe acre
of land under cultivation Not a yard
or garden was to Ik- seen. There were
plenty of railroad shanties; but they
were stuck up agaiust the face of ellfls,
and had no surroundings, except rocks
so bleak and wild that moss will not
Krow on them. The river along this
distance takes its way between moun
tains strewn with huge boulders, and
checkered with a few stunted bur oaks
ami cedars. The mountain* frequeutl>
rise abruptly more than 1,(MM) feet from
the river, aud are so nigged and steep
that a chamois could not climb them.
There is no l*>ttom land at ail-not even
Jstripa rod wide. From the highest
pinnacles to the water edge is an un
broken slope; or, if it is broken, it is
where some cliff descends sheer prob
ably two or three hundred feet, with
iasjpd rocks overhanging the fearful
abyss below. Mile after mile the same
scene is presented to the traveler. It
w a spectacle of awful monotony. Ooe
becomes tired of looking at cliffs and
rocks and caves, and caves and rocks
and cliffs, with nothing incidental to
.rive the mind a chance to rest and re
flect. It would be as easy to read aud
comprehend Carlyle's "French Involu
tion" in two days as to see and appre
ciate the scenery along New River• m
the same time. Still, it can not hi. sud
that it is the wildest orthe most sublime
in our State. "Greenland1 Gap, where
New Creek breaks through New C reek
mountain is grander, in point of huge
ruggedness, than anything I saw ou
New River. "Reel's Gap,'" lu G-ant
county, "The SeOucft Hoot-, jn jvndle
ton, ai\4 vlbvr ^V.us ami pinnacles
the Kortli Fork of the Potomac
are larger and stronger than those on
the tributaries of the Kanawha. Also,
the "Roaring Plains" on the summit of
the Alleghenies are more desolate ami
savage than the mere naked rocksalong
the Kanawha. Hut this is not saying
that the landscape along the New ri ver
i ^wimoii or mean. It is far front It.
loKis well worth « visit by anyone
who has a few days t»f,wsure a,.l(*
who has the patlenCO to eujure tne
coose-pond jargon of the railroad con
ductors, and has the physical power to
stand the jerking aud jolting of tlie
crack-wheeled rolling stock, and has a
pocket deep enough to foot the exorbit
ant bills of the little tavern. If any
person wanta to see the sights, and does
not feel disposed to meet and endure all
the above enumerated disadvantages,
he can probably get a pair of cowhide
boots, till his knapsack with gingor
bread and cheese and
Take II on root
like I did. It Is a free country ; and the
good people in that part of it have not
yet devised any method by which they
"can make a traveler pay for looking at
the rocks as he pasacs along. Let us be
thankful for that.
When I got off the train at Tlinton,
it had quit raining, and I had nearly
half a day to see the surrouugings. Tiie
town was quite a nice and decent place,
and has at>outas many stores as Beverly
has taverns--that is, about three-fourth
of the buildings in the village.
It did not take long to see them, and
about two o'clock I moved off to the
east. Here I left the New River and
passed up the Greenbrier. I wanted to
look at a large tunnel not far off. It is
four-fifths of a mile long, and is arched
with wood, butisre-arcbiug with brick.
On my way to it, as I was tramping it
along the railroad. I came to where
some men were loading a train with
wyod. I stopped to talK to them, and
one of them asked me where I lived. I
told him in Tucker. He seemed to re
call the name, and after a moment's
study asked me if there were not a place
in Tucker called Horse Hhoe Run. I
answered affirmatively, and he wanted
to know if we did not have a big sere
nade there not long ago. Thereupon
he told of an account lie had seen in
tbo Wheeling Rkoi.stkk of a serenade
there, where some of the people had
snouts made of sacks full of bran, and
some had eagle claws tacked fast to the
toes of their shoes, and others were rin
ged in other manners, and all yelled
and howled and got on the porch and
danced, bounded and leaped till the
door was opened, and all rushed in and
carried on in the samo style till nearly
day. He wanted to know if I knew
anything about it I told him what I
remembered, whereupon he called to
the boss, some distance away: "Capt.
Boberts, this boy was at the serenade
on Horse Shoe Run." By this time I be
gan to feel that I was with friends
once more. But I felt still
more at ease when they told me to wait
a few minutes till their trains were
loaded, and I could ride. Of course I
waited; and they gave me a warm
place in the engine cab, where I en
Joyed myself hugely during an hour
and a half's ride which^took me nearly
to the Red Sulphur Spring.'*. I there
left these gentlemen, with a thousand
thanks for their kindness. Their
names were Mr. Alley and C'apt. Rob
erts, i-othof Aidenson, Monroe count*?
W. Va.
About sundown that evening I
reached
Kalpkarftf r1n|t.
There I had thought to spend the night.
It is a quiet pleasant seeming little vil
lage 01 probably 3X) inhabitants. As
it was not yet night, I concluded to go
further, and asked some men how for it
was to the next town. T&ey told me
three miles. I struck out, thinking to
gH there by dark, or shortly after. I
walked fast, It grew dark, and no town
came in sight. Still I thnuirht to reach
it every minute and pusbed on. No
town yet, I then thought to stop at
some farm house, for 1 was now in an
agricultural country. Bui it was so
very dark that I cook) see no batata
habitation any whem. I continued to
make some headway, although it was'
I>recious little. The weather was turn
ng cold, the wind blew remorselessly,
and every blast wemed to come from the
North Pole. I will net gte» my ex
perience during that night* because it
would sound too much lite some of
Djftiel Boooe'i Indian campaigns;
•office it to that IgJ uvtJe
tot* ii juat aa It waa hr»Wo£jl*y
nest morning. It l-d *** £T*°
mile* Instead of three. 1 l.Td
.new what I had *f £veKJ
now remember, ^ who |„ M
should not believe anybody who WJ
■irani/rr This may seem iwKty wn
^X-tVt'iSf Aperient ha< ^
polled me to adopt IL More than oj*e
have people directed me to tak
wrong road, wtien they *ne* «*•*••*
and many and many a tin*^r!jj2
lied alKHJt the distance, as those men at
Red Sulphur did, awl got me into a
* A& I b.d M, «<»
rested an hoar or two, I left the rail
road and struck •en** the
to visit Keoney's Knob- Taiaiiioneof
the most remarkable lillja taJ^eat Vir
ginia. It ia very hteh.and to wow
cnmned by a United «tat« Objerva.
lory. It la mentioned *■ *
early aa the l«>etfohandIndlan ***•
Here it was that Mrs. Clendeoin «* 1
eaped from the Indiana in 1768, during
Cornstalk's invasion oftlreenbier. I
had intended to climb the mountain,
but a man told me that I could see it
as well from the base aa the top. W> l
looked at it with my spy gja® from a
distance of four mile*, and then turned
toward liewiaburg. I . this
town about noon, and hauled up at the
Lew is burg Hotel for dinner. Havinga
few miuute* leisure time, I want
to the newspaper office (Independent)
to get the Tucker newspapers. But
they were not there. However, I read
the Weston Democrat, which waasome
consolation to one searching for home
news.
t«H>karc la ,h* ®Me»l
Tswas
in the State. Here Gen. Lewis ren
dezvoused his army in 1774, preparatory
to marching to Point Pleasant, llera
stood old Fort Savannah, built in 770.
The town was incorporated in I7?c.
The village at present contains proba
bly 1,000 inhabitants. It Is a clean,
cheerful town, regularly laid out. The
surrounding country is beautiful, and
the people seem honest and contented.
I remained in the town till evening,
and then left with regrets that my visit
must be so brief where there was so
much to be aeeu. llut T departed only
to ao into a Hner country and one more
prolific in historical interest. "The
l-evels,'' so called in early times, and
still known by that name, is one of the
most peculiar districts I have ever seen.
It is an inland basin, with no outlet.
I The rain that falls there is not carried
| away by creeks and rivers, but soaks
| into the ground, probably to be led off
I by subterranean caves and passages.
: The drainage of thousands of acres all
! (lows to the lowest point and there dis
| appears. Little lakes are met with on
' every side and may be seen at intervals
for thirty miles northward, extending
| into Pocahontas county. They are
quite small, few of them having an aroa
of more than one acre, while usually
they cover not more thau one-fourth of
an acre. From the summit of some of
the low hills dozens of these lakes may
l>c seen at once. Home of them are
muddy, and their shores are trampod
by cattle, but others arc clear as crystal,
and looking down through the trans
parent water the bottom Is seen cov
ered with white pebbles that look like
Miowllakes glowing iu the sunlight.
The surrounding fields and orchards,
down to the very edge of the water,
were as fresh and green as the foliage
of Florida. At places Irnit trees, and
arbors of decoration, and climbing
vines, and flowers grew on the shores,
und cast quivering shadows upon the
placid lake, lending rural beauty to
what was already beautiful lieyond
what the fancy of Virgil has ever pio
turcd. It sceius as if oue here could
UYC 111* thousand years.
It was well along toward evening
when I left Lcwlaburg for Frankfort.
Frankfort is a small village in the very
midst of the "Levels," and is teu miles
from Lewisburg. A new, bright tele
graph wire communicates between tho
two towns. The fun was low on the
western horizon, the sky was clear, the
wind blew softly and it seemed like the
close of a day in June. As I was pass
ing along, i heard strains of the moat
rAUUiBiio mumc in mc air. ** *uc
wind pi tying on the telegraph wire.
The finest porformanee on piano, or
miu or violin that I have ever hoanl
WAft discordant harshness when com
pared with that. 1'erUap th? "Wrround
iiicfl leut an enchantment to the
mony. It was like the melodious swell
of teu thousand .lOolian harps. When
first heard it would appear miles and
miles away in space, then coming
nearer, growing fuller and clearer, till
it wan loud and deep, then dying awav
seemed to pas* back till almost inaudi
ble and I would think that it was gone;
but, suddenly it would burst out at my
side iu new aud lofty strains, the
grand diapason and sublimity of which
almost overpowered the sense of ap
preciation. Ho right and left the
wide verdant Holds, dotted with cot
tages, and here and there large farm
mansions, with groves about them and
white palings iu front, and the oualnt,
romantic lakes, Hashing and glowing
and dancing In the sunlight of evening
together with the welling music -all
combined to form a scene that rival
ed "Armlda's Island Home," as sung
bv Tas.-o in his Jerusalem .Delivered.
* It wus quite dark when
I Rrnrhnl Frankfort.
1 stopped at an hotel kept by Mo
Clung, whose ancestors were among
the first to fettle Greenbrier county.
This district, the "I/evels," is full of
history and legends.
There, In 17(13, occurred one of the
bloodiest massacres of our Indian ware.
Cornstalk with sixty Nhawnee*
broke Into the settlement,
aud after decoying the P*>
ple into his power by professing friend
ship, murdered in cold blood almost
every man, woman and child In the
whble country. In 1778the Indian army
that had Iteen besiegingKort Itandolph,
raised the siege and marched Into
Greenbrier. A battle w« fought, the
savages were beaten and fled from
Greenbrier forever.
Karly next morning I was upon my
way, still going northward. I wasalm
ing for Pocahontas county, which has
the credit of being the roughest county
in the Mate, and one of the few that
has no newspaper. I fouod It about
as represented. It is yery rough, ex
cept in a few places.
Hlllsboro, In the Little levels, is in
the center of a nice district. TIm? town
when seen at a distance of four miles
appears only a stone's throw, so clear
and pure is the mountain air. After
Hlllsboro Is passed,the oountry becomes
rough, and wild, it Is thinly inhabited
and there Is not much communication
with the outside world. I stopped at a
wayside log cabin to get dinner. The
first question asked was whether 1 In
1 tended to pay for It 1 told them I did
and they said "come In then." I went
in and was directed to take a seat on a
pine bench along the walL I <ttd so.
Then while the lady of the house got
dinner, tin? old gentleman, two or
three boys and a young lady, seventeen
or eighteen, came mod me and com
menced asking questions in such »
rapid manner that I barely bad UiaC!
to reply. Three or four would ask
questions at the same time, and oota- \
tinue to ask till everyone was answered.
Here are a lew of the r4ws«lons. which j
I yet remember. What's, your
name? Where ape you from?
What are yon going Mirough hese for?
Are you married? How old aae you?
Did you ever see the can? IM you
ever bear them whistle? Did 14 sound
loud? What doshoea with buttons on
cost? Where did you get your um
brella? Is yeur hat fur? At last !
dinner was announced ready and I
was told to "full up." I had hoped that
dinner would give me relief from their
I qusstiow, but it did not The family
had eaten but they all sa*
around the taWe to look at me aatlag
and U ask questions. Tbe young lady
asked me to aire her the buttona on xmj
shtes. I explained that they wsre on
there for tbe purpose of keeping tba
shoes on say fsetand I could not "da
without them. But, tbe swuet, gener
ous creature offered me the stringn la
her shoes for the button* *>n mine. I
was almost foal enough * give bar tbe
botleoaoloddduottobehtm,..
bogged in that inmiuwr, «ad declined u
SSST She looked dieappointod; bat,
■ttiSi juncture her ®yw» Ml on m*
umbrella, tad she offered me a quarter
»I" Ctodw-U.if.££
belbi*) I told her that I eould ix* d„
W<H«^ioff exhausted their curricula*
of queetlou®, lb* old m®ii ootuiueoesi
^rjstxz. ftf:
id puffin® thai run along the^ with
nut to rua on. Ha had also seen
the care* Hwaaio
■boat» y*®* a,M* » half ago. It w«»t
up «■* doaru hiU like a wagon, aa.|
nulled* threshing machine with all
its attachment® a® if it was nothing.
When h® hadrftotohed the story of tl*
1<Mn« Wf spoke afead wi! ''Now,
lin. tell Mm about the "tboddle light"
(theodolite wae meant). T>ie old man
told all afcout ii. He had wen *>in.
railroad surveyor® have the ifwtrutmm,
and he took il upon himself to etpUiii
to me ®11 ®bout BoW lon* hr
would bav« talked I dou't know; Uh
1 was ill-mannered enough to take up
-nv hat and leave itim m the inidd of
hi* story of the "thoddle light," with
ita "thing that looked like a bram can
non " ami ,4*ometbing like a rainbow
hat bad gls» in that t wiukied."
II was tliankfal when I was again
ut>on the road. I was aimiagfor the little
town of Kdry, »od wan within three
miles of it, when I muwed the road. I
wentonti!! dsrk, and found roywlf
«... the hank «»f Greenbrier river. I
knew then that I was wrong, and
went to a house to stay all nignt. U
was such an out of the way plaoe thai I
was shy of stopping, but, as there was
ST (^ther cnaaee bul to slsep
oat of doons I wade the ven
ture prepared. l*>wevwr, to take
«»are of myself under all ordinary cir
cumstancca. I a*ked if I could *tay till
morning, ®nd they said 1 eould. I
wtKSOon by a cheerful lire, and wi»
still m«r® pleased wl>en I found that I
was the guest of tike sheriff of Foeehon
t#I Parted brlghtland early. 1 had a
fine view of the highest mountain in
West Virginia. I began to grow tired
of walking and hired a home to ride to
Beveriy( n»ty miles distant. I rode the
old crowbait three miles, »nd became
so thoroughly disgusted with him that
I sent him hack and trudged on afoot,
late that evening I passed into llan
dolph county, in the region known as
the Mingo Y lats. About dark 1 eaiKl
at a farm house to »>tay over night, for
there waa no tavern in reach. 'I he man
of the house said !>*' did not keep pco
ole. I asked him if he ever read the
llible He said he had. I asked liira il
It did'not say that one ought not reh»*»
lodging to a stianger, lest lie might bw
mi angel. He answered that it may
teach M»me such doctrine; but ho
hardly thought that I was an angel. I
fcent on some six or eight nub*. built »
tire by the roadside and sle|»t sounder
t lmn if I had been In Barnmus hotel
in llaltimore, although It rained u»-.»rty
hII nlaht. ii)' noon the next J.ir I
reached Beverly, «u«l »t'«.ved Uwr* a.lay
or two to rest. Beverly I* » vJ*y
town The first house was built there
about one hundred and thirty
linow probably ha* two hundred in
habitanta. It lis" grown almost »»ua
during the last fifty veais. Nearly every
h X la ft tavern. *Ther® wer-« several
Utiles fought Ini and alwut. here during
thelatowar. The people ha\e plculj
l^tra?imngte Wtle held of IU*h
Mountain, 1 slarted for Ht. (Jeorfs, «
rived safely, "and further 1 depose not.
THE PRESS ON THE message.
*allaf*ct®rjr, B«i **»ThHllls«
PhOod^hui !*'«
oer.
Patriotic.
Kichn*"fl JHtpaUh.
We era aajr generally that the m™*age it
tier than we ba>l ■ i pected, >nd makes ua
more inclined to credit Mr. Arthur with
patriotism than we had ever before been.
Na»l Meet Willi (Jrarral AMnral.
lltUburgh Oninmticial ({turtle.
That the recommendations will meet the
' approval gj the conn try generally is scarcely
to I* questioned. There is no attempt at
demagogy, no circumlocution, and ns
vliifts or evasions. On the contrary the
document ia frank, straight-forward, and
business-like, and will command ths re
apectful consideration of both parties is
Congress.
The Htrk afarasilsM RiNitlre.
Philadriphm Jlirii*.
Jli» whole me.naage indeed ia that of a
cautious Kiecutive who baa no rery sm
pliatic visws to advance, hut deaireato coo
auct the public buainess with credit, ami
to abow (bat be ha* overlooked none of lbs
subjects which traditionally belong to •
President's message, from the Japaiiiwe in
demnity to polygamy in I'tab. The docs
ment will be referred to the appropriate
committees, and the country will go on a*
before.
Dnsnrss Csrffsl Altssliss.
Aw Y<nk Tiilnine.
The inruage of President Arthur in
cr editable document, and deserve* the
careful attention of the public. • • •
If he shall conduct the remainder of his
term in accordance with these sentiment*
he may yet unite liis party, and thu* secure
for himself a greater anoosss than bis aa
hition now piotures to bim. He has always
talked well. Nothing is needed now es
cepting tbat his administration should act
as well as hs talks.
At«
A'« Vork Letter to Phil*. IsAjer.
The President's message ia generally
commended a plain, Mralgbtforward, com
mon eenae State paper. On the tariff and
revenue questions the freetraders are 41a
poeed to command his suggestions as le
the deairablaneea of lower duties on many
articlea, along with the enlargement of the
free-list, while the friends of home indus
try are sstUVed with what he has to say is
favor of maintaining at the earns time tb«
principles of protection.
Irailkl* snd Matssmsellks.
Ketf Vnrk Truth.
The President's message from beginning
to end iaaaimpla statement of facts, with
out say pretence to style er rhetorics!
adornment. It ia sensible and not 4m
dent in statesmsnliks views, iu modem
tlon being its moat marked cbsrsctsristle.
Bees use of its mods ration it will have so
marked effect upon the country, and II
certainly fails to snsgeat any new depart
ure in |A»Mtical action. It gives, bowerer.s
very osrreet view of the policy of the ad
ministration, which is noneet, but sot
strong; earnest, bat not aggt assies.
WAeeMn* DmU* tU#**.
Prssident Arthur'« massage pressata ia
direcft* Mlrrtthoat special psins or par
poss.of thaibind, the most osmpiele ss
poeure of ths Irregularities. esasssm, s»
travaganue. snd corruption tost baveyowe
npia the adminiatration of tbs g>r^'
ment ot any pablic document tbesass
recently found circulation. So csssfmc*
bookevsr compilsd morsglanogandman
ling etpownres of wvil In thepabiic
ihan a am is throogh ths reeSSMSsndaaisns
~«t ths mssfsgs foe correction U the
there enumerated It wlU bs of Inezes!*
Kis benefit for the psople to hsse this dasa
ment in order that they may see has thsy
have been mlsfsesrasd In tbepa^.
President Arthur's second ■—
tsgs to Ooagfess is aa sasssdingiy P"™»
osasasoa. stmsibla, basiasss yapsr, very
a>uch la ths fashion of aoch a o°*.f *
EsisSK-tta: nsfr-z
sists of ths plslaest sad sftsa thsmsst na
snteresdag statement of ths hartal toam
uocessioBsllvBSMSstsass((aam
h3s5w 3 eeaisr er lsas esia#w
— ■ • 21 Mfiisalsr ersea*
Wb«asaWiuaijaaUoe I
ftmbtr seek Ms innIlia in
WbMky MIM bi».

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