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Wheeling Sunday register. [volume] (Wheeling, W. Va.) 1882-1934, December 17, 1882, Image 1

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the second week.
A Fortnight's Work—Resume !of
Car gresstonal Proceeding*
Secttirial Debates and Debaters
New and Old Regime—Our
Dads' Civil service.
falroading the Star Routers—A
Dueling Reminiscence—
Our Next Senator.
u:'. to the Sumlay Register,
WAMiJfc.ro*. l*ecember l«i.—The second
m«t olthe second session doses with work
. fjjadranf J in the House that members
j , bes1 d o •^ t0 u k niore favorably of a
lea day*' adjournment over the holidays,
"here * •••"<':U-.V something of a controversy
letweea the two Houses of Congte— on the
i .bjeet, the ^nate. a large proportion of
+^ot* mc-bers now have permanent
(.ablishments here, preferring to remaia
j*.js;oo .h:r:ng the week intervening be
tween Christmas and New Year, and only
(joarn over the days mentioned, and
t H a«e r.ivorin^' an adjournment which
,11 : a majority of the members to
, ; \' t : i. '■ »y t;:rkey and make the r
v ■ Year calls at home.
rki.» year the House has something the
; i: ■ i.-e the argument, having sub
(. in'iaily .posed of three of the appro
; .r:,::.. - at: d cetting its other business
> : m La' while the Senate has been
;>.-ing glittering generalities of do
a*- ::ts and civil service reform,
c: -st *.. .'it has been consigned to the
I - ii <-f the "apulets by a reference of
[,. i s resol-: ti. n of enquiry to the Judici
um. (i > expected to pigeon hole it for
i t remain ur of the session, and nothing
v.ainsbut the second proposition from
• v tig to the punishment of
•t'.e w..o • Itcit ontributions or levy as
leiooients upon office holders, as well as
I n> r „• i ih e holders who contribute for
'.itieal f u-po-es. I,
The bill as proposed is thought too , .
-»eepin* to be sustained by the courts
v.n ... i;M it be passed by Congress.
«»ae of the clerks in the In- !
i 'Mir Department, who recently
a '^rdovf: -he provisions of th<» bill with !
ie I thought, a very sensible view of
he subject. "It is all right," he said, "to <
•up th:s to. iring, orin other words, levy
xv*».nients for campaign purposes (
ijon people in the departments. As now j
reacted : •> an abuse that falls little
hott of piracy. But, on the other hand, a
! in in i ?h eonttht not to be debarred of
e j r:v:Ievr»- enjoyed by all other citizens
i Contributing to aid the success of the
aity with which he is identified, and no
,-t wcu -i sustain a law that undertook
. : -*r»in - right in this respect. After
i i they are the class which naturally
i >u!d be expected to furuish a liberal
hare of the funds needed for campaign
■:rjw *8. They are more intereslea in
•e rtiall than outside people who only
« theoretical interest in
jnt iTst-ra of appointments the
i ter who has no other interest in the
F ! •< own political princi
les uphelJ, naturally expects the man
ho reaps a direct and individual benefit
- u. a . .ct >ry to take on himself a liberal
Itare of the outlay necessary to secure it
If a ?yst> m of civil service regulations
F " - •rdinary otVe holding in no wise
rtndent on |>olitical elections were in
r<i the situation might be different, but
^ • locj; jc the i resent plan of appointment
'e\all»> the average voter will hold on to
:• id*t"
Bpeakiag of civil service retorm, this
i discussion of it in the Senate has at
|. ast ((Hfitted some information on the sub
let of the antiquity of present customs of
»! f*>:n:nient and removal, a* well as illus
l-atwg the manner in which they have
^en carried out in modern times. It has
fc*-eri the prevailing idea that the existing
p an came in with President Jackson. Old
Pickery s pithy motto, "To the victors
l*!on< the spoils," has been quoted as the
beginning of that policy which has made
tiiouian Is of otHce-holders belonging to the
defeated party mourn and an equal num
ber of appointees on the winning side re
>>:ce. Suitor Brown, of (Georgia, however,
in hi* remarks on Pendleton's bill, resur
rected some letters of Jetfarson, which car
ri-i the doctrine back to an earlier period.
'"Seek them out," wrote the father of the
< institution to one of his faithful lieuten
ts. Who had notified him that some of his
opponents were still holding on to the pub
lic teat; "mark them well, be sure of your
jr-»ii?i.t. aud Uave the rest to me."
Miller, of New Y ork. also contributed an
interesting chapter in referring to the
adoption of the principle in the first Con
ttitmion of Lis own State and its retention
r *ir.ce jn the management of political
aI'k;r in that common wealth. A distin
k •1-I..1 political leader there had once
l-i* theory on this subject to him in
I • out this form; "To the party victorious
«•> the election belong the spoils,and to the
llortiMB of tlia victorious party that auc
in controllicg the prima'rie*. belong
We oitii.es." To which he replied that the
r.*n t,,:Sht w,,rk f'»r a few years, but when
r»»k and tile of the party discovered
ow thing* were being managed, the dis
-ed ieader would soon be saved the
ou .« ,,f tintrib'iting the spoils among
there would be no victory.
katNr *** lLat instead of
flf * • "tiing a party, weakened and de
i* . f<> it. as wa> demonstrated by the his
uf parties iu New Yark. and Demo
treat 1,0 *"e to object to this
iZnT'T °f ^f°rm it might
»hei*lr n,7°f the,r WytovieM
the/? ""*** ° th* K°v«rn®ent when
takf T "'t0 pOWe^, shoald "d
"* ***""* •*"
d"»t. of
ik,„ h'.'til™"""10" th.t
° a »«k.J
CZr "" 1
'"x,fr ihicb *** ci,*r a»»"
j-j •*«. iu ,.r,
1 -"'-I «•£, T" " "»• w
Tij p""ia"
^•tx^y.udJS*. g "»*-** than
»od broadest^Tl conUin our wisest
"•tastobe th sf*teaman»}.ip_ The ^
%i,fc rich men u fut fiH'ng up
lfeu„, " iWjH P°>
was co»
when he sat with Webater and
Clay and their con tern porariea in the same
body, and that the old man had answered
promptly that a debate to which they had
juat listened equalled in literary acamen,
broad and logical reasoning and oratorica
force the beet of the old time 8enat« con
troversies which have become historic and
are referred to as the moet brilliant exhi
bitions of logic and eloquence as applied to
current questions that are preserved in
our national records.
It is a common performance to under
value the present, bnt the moot complacen
and easiest satisfied observer who aits in
the Senate gallery for a week will be apt to
notice that Thurman, and Conkling, and
Matt Carpenter, and others who sat with
them are gone, and that those who occu
py their seats only serve to provoke invidi
ous comparisons.
Chances for the escape of the Star route
defendants are undoubttdlyfimproving. If
there is any change in public aentiment
here since their last trial ii has worked to
their benefit. The local press still main
tains about the same attitude toward them
as heretofore, with the exception that the
JtepuMicaH under Gen. Hatton'a manage
ment is l?aa denunciatory of the prosecu
tion, but the tatk on the streets and in the
hotels is less bitter and the correspondence
sent out on the subject is about equally
divided in its criticisms of the prosecutors
snd defendants. There is not any less
doubt of the guilt of the latter than before,
but the idea has gained ground that they
are being crowded and hampered in their
legal right of defence and tnat the court
instead of being an impartial tribunal is
part of the machinery for their conviction,
and not only prejudiced in that direction,
but swift to utilize its powers to that end.
1 have been in court but little since the
new trial began and only jive you other
peoples' impressions, but can readily see
how these impressions are made. Judge
Wylie, who by the way is a brother-in-law
of Mr. Joseph Bell of your city, is a gentle
man whose manners are entirely at vari
ance with his appearance, lie looks as
plessed as a June morning, but grows
testv and irascible on short notice,
find in dealing with the defendants
•ounsel in this case "flies off the handle"
on small provocation. He seems to be im
bued with an idea that he is pitted against
% combination of villains who are not only
using every improper device and subter
fuge to escape. bat wh<v»e continued exist
stence outside of the walls of a peniteiv
liary is a reproach to civilisation for which
ie is personally responsible.
Part of this idea may be correct, but
ooking at it from that standpoint lie might
nanage better to secure the end desired
ban he does. There are generally people
■n every jury who are inclined to resent
udicial interference with what they con
lider their prerogatives and the aid the
ourt has given the defendants in working
ip sympathy outside is just as likely to
xtend to the juiy box as to ordinary spec
ators and readers of each day's prtxeed
In view of the scandalous proceedings
which characterized the last trial, the pres-,,
nt hearing evidently needed a judge to
>reside over i» who would stand no more
xickery, hut it has grown to be pretty evi
itut now that the government would have
rood a better chance of securing couvic
;icns with some other member of the i>is
rict bench.
Kx-Congre<sman John F. Potter s re
ported institution and death in a county
>oorhouse of the Wisconsin district which
ie once represeated in Congress, revives
he recollections of his famous controversy
Kith Koger A. Pryor. which resulted in a
•hallenge by the latter and its acceptance
>v Potter, coupled with the coudition that
he weapons be bowie knives, and that the
luel be fought in a dark room. This con
iition Pryor's representative rejected, as
Pryor. who now claims to have been in
Alexandria waiting the acceptance of his
challenge, says, without ap^oUhca^or

l| *«1 ."•>;T"fTiat Anson Batingame, who
icted as Potter's friend, offered to meet
Pryor with any weapons that Pryor might
i.r*n-™ that when rotit'ied of
1-ryor now as*rt ds be repudiated
the decision of his seco rWJ0^1|fd tbem
their action and ncJ* ,,re vented from
afterward, aiid . other seconds by the
asking the *7^ "jKitted his case to
KS he
mu^ abide by their wuon. ^ glory and
Anyhow, rotter !? out of the
Pryor an the }j£ lo'Sustain hisrepn
transaction- He fwW1 ifae confederacy
tation as a hre*aw lhe war under
and can-e to New ^ associates were
. cloud.» •»« .
concerned, witnoui faim (or support.
family dependent 1S67 ,and he
1 met him the . ed from the
was as mindividual "ho
detiant. dramatiic d Alh;,.n<min
stood on the siaae of t ,.resident Lin
shaking >n a ra'", " proved his manners.
His reverses b£»»p arom,a the
however, and after^ anj rnoney
,-ouris for some • f0rtaue to win the
less, be had i]1®, M.-4'lure one of the old
friendship of J Barnard-Cardoae
Tammany Ju<*«' tb* him his nrst
stripe, and the. Ju lg M£rence9 and corn
start, wuh Pfortt* . workcd up a lucra
missions Sow h h« *™nA h/s Dld an
live and growing P™«tic£ *pnblic life with
,agonist. »ho wen a>|ll diplomatic
distinguished lef^l # Uj)0r, dependent
i"" " ■ *',r,d c
ious transformauons y in this
Hist kburn, °' , r..marks attributed to
evening's fntention to make a can
bim ind 11'"hiieakership against I arlysle
SfwUhoSt anv foundauom aM.on of th#
There is a luU in th^ ueslion here.
West Virginia dijcus^ion last
as compared to R" lhusiasti« friend of
week. 1 heard an «ntlem»p a
Senator 1 »*»s u^S o( hi9 being
few days »'"*'Jt.K.T term. bot the smiling
returned for anotbe House seemed
Representative in»£• 1 g*r ^ of Ulk
inclined to put than the Conqueror
with more P™mJ>*i? hen be refused the
of Gaul manifested1 . j on turning the
kingly crown and tnsis*eaQ#9.on Q( the
SSSUS?«*• °< "»
nounced candidates. evening or two
ful view of his charl . Qther mem
ance of whom apparently
Sltf be .1*1 to >ee bim
Mathews is e,er works for
i'X " n £32 » ow*«i
in the caucus. projects (or
I don't hear of any JvLte<1 Democrats
combinations 0 make an ontside nom
wiih R»P«^:.SrmoitSysh«W think
{nation, and the stirring up an item
FonLain Sm^talking about
sukw sK&snsx
anv minute .niI1,ement has been created
Considerable amasemeni.w mesmensts
here this week by a coup q {rom the
who entrance m to ^ through
audience, and 'n®u. Thespecta
KXlSSlfSSft.vendor. MO** «°
those who see it. v«Uonal. and Mar
Joe Jefferson at the Nati lhe
Si":bnd £-» *-} ft
the occasion of a former York
to this city. the Senator _ horses,
invited her to nde bebi , .-.i ^ntence:
and received for a replly •^ dishonor us
"Such a performance wouia aisu
b°Jake Kemple, who Rot here y^erfay^
Krsi^'2r.sr s;
ssra i« tb- ™'dd°ro°' £
stirring apostrophes to tlo whether
52'5fi ^b.
both horses of Congress. _ efieot
A Parkersbnut suggestion is to the en*.
that Boyd Faulkner would stand a good
fthow to be takrn up aa a compromise can
didate in the event of a Senatorial dead
lock at 'Wheeling.
Mr. Chat. Brockunier, of Wheeling, has
been here for a day or two seeking infor
mation as to the meaning of some sentences
in the Tariff Commission report that are
rather o bee are.
The streeta aie brightening np in anti
cipation of the holidays, bat the social sea
son can hardly be said to have fairly open
ed yet.
Bancroft Davis gets the place on the
Court of Claims set apart for Judge Max
well by Col. Ben Wilson.
Whipple, who used to be the sweet
singer of Wheeling, has a welcome place
among musical people in Washington.
Dr. Addison, former rect»r of St. Math
ews, developed remarkable power as a col
lector in a recent sermon preached before
an Episcopal Convention held in his
church here. Lam.
Mathewa nt tbe M. HeoM, of
Parkerafcorf, Secures He-appoint*
Special Dispatch to the Sunday Register.
Washington, D. C., December 16.—The
Senate Republican mucus, to-day. reported
to favor a recess confined to the iwo holi
days. Congressman Hoge expects to at
tend Judge Oulil's funeral, at Richmod, to
morrow. Ex-Governor Matthews is reg
istered at the Rijjgs. Postmaster Scott is
understood to have secured re-appoint
ment. Lan.
The Shipping aa4 Library Milt.
Washington, December 16.—Tire Joint
Select Committee on Shipping has adopted
an elaborate report in favor of the passage
of the bill recently agreed upon.
Mr. Voorheea to-day submitted to the
Senate tne National library bill, which is
substantially the same as the Rice bill for
the same purpose.
A Trnw of Peace.
Washington, December 16.—Simon Cam
eron ha* been very busy on the tloor of the
Senate for two or three days. There are
rnniors that his labors have resulted in the
healing of not a few party breaches. He
spent two hours in the cloak room yester
day with his mouth close to the ear of Ma
hone. A little later Mahone was discovered
at a private lunch table with Senator
Mitehell, and this morning the Camerons,
father and son. had a conference with
Mitchell in the Naval Committee room, all
of which is interpreted by knowing ones to
mean that Mahone has been employed as a
conciliator of Mitchell, and that a truce is
being made up between Mitchell and his
opponent for the good of both.
Washington, December 16—The receipts
of national bank notes for redemption dur
ing the week ended to day, are, $2.0o3.00J;
bond* held by the Treasurer to secure
national bank circulation, $362,WW,650; to
secure public moneys in national bank de
positories, $1'>,344.000; bonds deposited to
secure circulation during the week, $2,342,
100; to secure circulation withdrawn dur
ing the week, $2,171,200; national bank
notes outstanding. $362,531,929} lawful
money en deposit to redeem notes of na
tional banks reducing circulation, $2,357,
672,450; liquidating banks, $1,375,012,224;
failed banks, $108,313,820.
Iron Tariff.
Washington, December 16.—The Ways
and Means Committee to-day considered
that part of the tariif report referring to
metals. This is thought the most impor
tant section of tbe bill and representa
tives of the iron trade are now here for a
hearing, if permitted. The proposition to
further reduce the duty on steel rails to
to $l» per ton will be submitted to the
committee this- afternoon.
Jeannette Court.
Washington. Decernber 16.—Seaman Wil
son !»>«♦;«<><* >Uv rf*auuet.|® Ooaiu
that he knav thei»aae a drtfccuity between
He T.ong and Collfna, but not the details.
Danenhower~ had command of the boat
during the gale of September 12.
Vm. Sherman to Betire.
Washington, December 16.—Gen. Sher
man will gi-ve up active command of. the
army next fall, after making his annual
report and closing up his alVairs. He will
retiie and leave things in good shape for
Gen. Sheridan.
l'rvrf(d(u|t<i»r the KoohIp anil Hoase
«f K< |>meolallvi>«,
Washington, December 16.—In the Sen
8le Mr. Cameron, of Pennsylvania, pre
«entcl a memorial of the Pittsburg Cham
ber of Commerce for an additional appro
priation, necessary for the completion of
the public Duildings of that city. Re
Mr. Morrell, from the Finance Coiamit
tee, reported the bill passed yesterday by
the House, amendatory of the act repeal
ing discriminating duties on goods pro
duced east of Cape Cod, ami asked its con
sideration, but upon Mr. Edmunds' objec
tion it went over.
Mr. Aldrich, from the Finance Commit
tee, reported House bill for the relief of
the German National Hank of Omsville.
Placed on the calendar.
<>n motion of Mr. Logan a resolution
was adopted calling for copies of the or
ders unuer which the naval officers sus
pected, and reported upon the revenue ma
rine service, the life saving service, and the
marine hospital service, and a statement
of the authority of law under which the
inspection and reports were made; also,
whether the Treasury Department con
.rented to the inspection of services under
its control.
At the expiration of the morning hour
Mr. Finley asked unanimous consent to
proceed with the Civil Service hill. Messrs.
Cockerell and Voorhees objected, prefer
ring to consider the bills on the calendar.
Mr. Voorhees said the bill provided for
admission by competitive examination to
only the lowest grade of public offices.
Therefore, the treatment of tne bill in the
Senate seemed to him to be "much ado
about nothing." The zeal of the Repub-,
licans for reform in the civil service seemed
to result from a death-bed repentence
brought about, not by hatred of their sins,
but by the fear that they would not be
allowed to indulge them much longer, and
tbe Democrats were soothing the suffer
ings of the death-bed with n-sthetic
gruel of politics. Who had ever
heard of any politcal scandals
occurring among the lower grade of clerks ?
They were not public officers who engaged
in Star Route or whisky ring transactions.
Yet tbis bill proposed to examine and reg
ulate and replace these poor river officials,
leaving the strong, arrogant and corrupt
higher officers undisturbed. The real de
mand of the people was for penal laws to
punish wrong doers in the higher places,
not for a contrivance to worry the poor
clerks. He did not oppose the bill, because
he desired offices for the Democracy, but
for tbe reason that it practically denied
them to the Democrats.
After debate, by a vote of 30 yeas to 26
nays, the Senate proceeded to consider the
ciTil sen-ice bill.
Mr. Ingalls said the bill was supported
| by each party in the hope of cheating the
; other, and would end by defrauding both.
Mr. Hawley characterized Mr. Inhalls' re
marks as petulant and offensive.
Mr. Voorhees then addressed the Senate
j in opposition to the bill.
The House pa«sed the Senate bill author
izing the Soldiers' Home Commissioners to
sell certain property at Harrodsburg. Ky.
At 12:30 the House, in Committee of the
Whole, resumed consideration of the post
office appropriation bill.
A debate ensued on the question of the
amount of appropriations for speoial mail
facilities, pending tbe amendments of Mr.
Robinson, of Massachusetts, and Mr. His
cock, of New York, providing $000,000 and
$200,000, respectively. Mr. Hiscock charged
the attempt as being made to tarn the ques
tion into a war against the railroads and
newspapers, and appealed to the committee
to rise above such considerations and con
cede the demand.
Mr. Bingbam, of Pennsylvania, against
tbe opponents of tbe allowance, contended
that the special facility fund had been care
fully expended, and there had been no
competition for money, as intimated.
On tbe subject of "war on newspapers,"
Mr. Robeson said be was not sensitive to
the criticisms of the press, and did not
move at the crack of the whip of railroads.
The debate becarre very spirited, but the
preposition for special mail facilities was
totally rejected. Ayes 29, nays 91.
The Iron and Steel World—Artlet
of Congress on the Tariff
With Great Interest—Officers of
the Amalgamated Associa
tion Not Uneasy.
Late Meeting of the Western Iron
Association—How a Se
cret Circular Got Out.
Special Dispatch to the Hunday Regitler.
PirrsBt/'BQH, December 10.—There has
been little that it new 4$jelop«d 4a<<hv
iron and steel situation during the past
week. The market is still somewhat de
pressed, particularly as to steel, and there
seems no immediate prospect of any im
proTement. The opinion is general that
trade will be very dull, and that no un
necessary purchases will be made until
after Congress has got through with the
impending struggle with the tariff. Buy
ers of steel rails anticipate favorable action
upon the report ot the Tariff Commission
reducing the tariff on rails from $28 to
$17.92 per ton, and are consequently with
holding their orders, expecting to obtain
better rates in the future.
It is true that some orders have been
placed, but the?e were only where there
has been an immediate use for the rails.
In thia city and immediate vicinity there
are lifty-one competed rolling mills and
steel works, and two in process of con
struction. Of thes» eight are rail mills,,
two of the eight making heavy rails and
six lipht. Twelve &*ecrucible steel works,
three Kessf»mer stee> works, stven make
open hearth steel and one only makes ce
mented steal. From this statement it will
at once appear how anxiously this com
munity watches the proceedings of Con
gress in any matter toaching
The Tariff on Iran and Ntetl.
The manufacturers have now had time to
fully consider the recommendations ma le
in ths report of the Tariff Commission and
to coMect their views upon all its parts.
l'poi> the whole it is looked upon with
more fuvor than at first, and even the La
bor 'tribune, an ultra protection organ,
admit* that it is a fairly fair report, and
better for the iron interests than might be
expected at the hands of Congress* A
prominent manulacturer, whose name I
will ns»t give, in talking of the report,
said to me:
"There is much force in the argument of
the commissioners that a tariff higher than
just eaou^h to protect American indus
trie is detrimental rather than beneficial to
thera. An exorbitant tariff operates in
this way: It shuts out foreign competition
entirely and affords a large profit to home
manufacturers. This causes a grand rush
of capital to those businesses most highly
protected, and the result is that the busi
ness is overdone and t'rom excessive com
petition the result is produced that the
tariff was instituted! to prevent. Prices
fall bel >w their natural level, mills cHose,
men are thrown out of employment and
A rnnnt i uniw»
I believe a history of the industrial world
would show that "this has been the stourse
of aluiwt all businessespavnwleaUw^r
rtliU atarin tuat affords ex
orbitant profits is not only unjust to the
consumer, but finally works hurt to thein
dustxy it seeks to protect. NV hat we want
is a tariff just large enough to atlbrd a fair
profit to American manufacturers. Just
what the tariff should be is a question upon
which Ln witt differ. At present there
can be no doubt that our tanff.is too high
iu some particulars, while in others it iv
too low. Takiag everything into consider
lion it seems U> iue that the report of the
Tariff Commissioners is a document very
ably prepared and as a whole does the fair
thing to the jrwt industries of the coun
try Of one thing 1 am quite sure and thai
is this: U would bo better te-adopt it as*
stands than 60 trust the amendment of the
tariff to a set of impracticable Congres
sional tricksters.
The Iron igf
takes a philosophical view of the situation
this week in an article Irom the pen of
Jos. 1>. Weeks, of this city. Mr. Weeks
thinks there is nothing in the outlook that
forebodes a crash, or a runluced production.
He says it seems that the iron mea seem
to have made up their minds to a season
of small profits. Trade will, of course, be
lame and halting for a month or two yet
but tbe prospect is that the \N est and ko-Uth
will afford a good market in the spring,
commencing probably with February. A
readjusting process is now wing on that
will reduce things to their proper level.
The officers of the Amalgamated Associa
tion are not fearful of any material reduc
tion in card ratios and are counciling th«jir
lodges not to jump at conclusions too sud
denly. The men are warned n<>t to believe
the bottom is dropping "out of the steel
business, and on that belief accept disss
trous reductions in their waees. It is letter
to Is v idle for a while if need he, the officers
•■av than to accept a reduction before its
necessity is clearly demonstrated.and then
have to "make a fight for an advance by
way of a stride.
At the
Liuit Meetloicof the Western Iron Asso
a special committee was appointed to pre
pare a circular to be sent to the iron ana
steel manufacturers throughout the coun
try. This committe submitted a report
taVing a very rosy view of the situation,
one calculated to stiffen the backbone of
weakening steel workers. It was also re
solved that this circular should be only for
I the eves of those to whom it was addressed
and at all events should be kept from the
eves of the newspaper sharps. It so hap
pened that Mr. Calvin A\ Weill, of the
Pittsburgh Forge and Iron Co., was a mem
her of that committee. The same gentle
man is proprietor of the Philadelphia riress.
and the desire to secure a ' scoop for pis
paper overbalanced the resolution of the
Association. The circular, therefore, ap
peared in the Press and the next day in the
dailv papers throughout the country. I he
Amalgamated men say the desire to keep
this circular secret was an endeavor to Keep
a knowledge of the actual state of affairs
from that Association, so that the manufac
turers could put on long faces and demand
a reduction in wages. Now that they know
bow the manufacturers feel it 1* not pr°b«
ble that a reduction will be very cheerfully
President Cline, of the
returned from the East, a few "'no
where he has been endeavoring to settle the
strike in that quarter. The Eastern men
have been on a strike for a long time on ac
,*>unt of a refusal on the part of the em
ployers to allow them an advance of 10 per
cent. Mr. Cline was in the East for a long
time, trying to effect a compromise, but
without success. He returns very much
disheartened and considers the outlook for
a victory for the men very unfavorable *
number of the firms are Jf^c.ng foreign
workmen and evicting their old «™ployM
from the company's houses. At thi* sea
son of the year to have starvation and
empty coal hcuses staring them 1n the^face
it is bard to talk strike to men. The for"
tude the men have shown thus fai■ 11 [•»*£
able, and if manufacturers can at all afford
the advance, it ought to be e;ranted.
The coal miners have made no mo" U)
ward a rtrike as yet. though it is beheved
they are agisting the
Upon the present rise in the nyer atlee
„f towboals went ont with about, J.OT0JXN
bushels of coal, cleaning out the poo"
pretty well. Owing tt> the good stage 01
water for the greater Dart of the year, ther
has not been a great deal of coal accuaiu
H. of L. Meeting for Co-Operation.
PiTT8Atrm«H, December 16.—A meetint
will be held at 276 Penn avenue, on Satur
day evening, December 23, at 7 o'clock, ic
take into consideration the organization ol
a co-operative store or manufactory. Al
interested in the movement are requested
to b« preseat without further notice. The
pica is for members to contribute; sums
from 50 cents up will be received and de
posited In a bank. At the end of the first
year the amount will be ascertained and
invested in some enterprise. The business
to bs engaged in will be selected by the aa
! sembl v. and while it is not proposed to nn
: dersell other mercbsnts, its members will
| receive their goods at greatly reduced
i rates* It is thought at least 200 Knigbss of
Labor are ready to join under plans now
Jtednrtlon or Wajre* Berimed.
PlnsBrEOH, December 16.—The proprie
tora at Singer's steel works to night noti
fied the melters that wages would be re
duoed from |7 to $6 per ton. The melters
refitted to accept the redaction. While
other steel mills are paying $7 and the
matter was referred to the Amalgamated
Association for settlement
Mo., December 16.—The ad
vance sheets for the coming annual report
of Geo. H. Morgan, Secretary of the -Mer
chants' Exchange, afford the following in
formation respecting the eotton trade of
this city for the year ending AugnBt list:
Groes receipts, 369,£79 bales, of wbicl 129,
066 bales were throagh shipments, leaving
240.M9 bales which went on this- market
and were sold; shipments for the same
time were, 364,249 bales, of which 141,571
bales went direct to Europe and 219,705
bales were consumed by Eastern manu
facturers. Of the receipts Texas furnished
202,541 bales, Arkansas 125,435 bales, Mis
souri 1-81,700 bales, Tennessee 10,665 bales,
and the remainder came from Mississippi,
Kentucky, Louisiana, Kaasas and the In
di»a territory. The receipts show a con
siderable falling off from the previous sea
son,, but the percentage of decrease is not
greater than that at other markets.
The Late Gossip of the Metropolis.
Chats on the Senatorial Question With
2d. Cresap and Major Aldfcrson
—Political and Gen
eral Gossip.
8ince-rtte installation of J. A. Dunning
as Chief Marshal of the l'ire Department,
gossip has been rampant on the subject of
expected changes in the force of the de
partment. The lingers of a new officer al
ways long for the (dutch of the official ax,
the mow strongly :u hi* partieclar friends
are mora numerous. The official who can
not wield his own patronage loses the
patienoe of his friends. What Mr. Dun
ning wEI do is not yet kno*u. Frank
Healy'shead was the first to dr>p into the
basket, and rumor says the guillotine is
stilt sharp and being whet tod tuarper. A
pressure is being brought to bear by Is
land Iiebublicans to remove Walloy Lukens
because be is a Democrat. lie is a fine
Ureman, and so is Healy, but will the for
mer be decapitated on that account? Mr.
Dunning is a man of sense and judgment,
and his course will be critically scanned.
Col. u J. t. cressap, oi iteveny, tae
"Blucher of Randolph," who cut the Oor
dian knot in tho lust Senatorial election,
arrived in the city yesterday. "Pin" is
looking unusually well. He has shot the
!"e be ^i0re ,last ••'"ion and now
sporte a creaiu-oodored chapeau, very be
porter lueP bim at the Governor's
office and for a few moments basked
in the san light of his smiles. Col. Cresap
is a keen political warrior and is not to he
caught napping, consequently, when the
journalist attempted to inveigle him into
confessing his choice for Senator, the effort
was a dead failure. ' We meet too few
strangers," he said, "to hear all of tho talk
and ccrsoquently depend for news on the
paperi. \\ e are a great reading coinm-unity,
"Katdolph was apparently not much of
a votitg community, last election," ob
served the reporter.
"Wett.no. The majority down there is
unwcjrjy and is getting Leavier every
year, iandolph is gix>d for 000 majority
when, it's necessary, but the people want®
shakKiR up to get theoi at the polls. IUn
dolp3. will couito up smiling, with her
usual majority."
Tie Republican Executive Co.nmitiee of
tho city, met at the City Building. kut
night, tnd decided to hold primary elec
tions 01 next Saturday week, December
for a choice of candidates for the city
offices. All candidates will be chosen at
that time and the polls will remain open
from 3 in the afternoon until 7 in. the
On tip city offices, the choice is sot dif
ficult u foretell. Spaulding Wallace for
.Mayor, Tom Bennett for Sergeant. Prank
Bowers, for Clerk, and Joe Forsythe far
>\ harfmaster, will probably be nominated,
for the first time, tihe election ©I a street
conimisiioner and a superintendent of the
water works will bo removed from the
The D«mocratk> primaries will be one
week lat»r, and the result is not so appa
rent. A f. Kgerter will prohably be nom
inated ;or re-election as Mayor. Bill
Scbafer tud Johnny White are running a
neck ani-neck race for a chance to tackle
Bennett at the polls. So far there has
been nopublic entry against Frank Bowen,
and Ben McMechen h.w announceJ h's in
tention of entering the list against I'ncle
Joe Forsyihe.
| ;Maj. J C. Alderson is conCned to his
room at the McLure House with a slight
indiipos tion. But when a 8i kpat R» ju
te* repcrter climbed to bis quarters he
found ki» troubled with another ailment
The gallait Major does not tackle kindly
to the report that he ia a candidate for
Senatorial honors; on the other hand
the rumor is a sore thorn
'n his ^ flesh. In hia modesty
he lanciea it as a joke on him, for which
be will be called upon to set 'em up, here
after, bnt such is not the case. The writer
knows of a bona fide wager that the Mayor
will get mere votes in caucus than ex-Qov.
Mathews, an<i the thought of his possible
strength has been moie than once dis
cussed. However, the indisposed
warrior Mid very forcibly last
">gbt he was not, had not
•nfl U not a candidate and never had a
serious thought of such a thin#. He is a
Mathews tmn aud whoever knows Major
A.derson knows he ia loyal to his friends.
Hhen the matter was first mentioned, he
accented it as a piece of innocent pleasan
try, bnt is now serionsly annoyed that it
should have spread even unto Washing
ton. #.
lomlfrsiUa Halter*.
D*t»oit, I»ecembcr 16.-The past week
was the busiest ever known in the office of
the Commissioner of Kmmigration of
Michigan, located here. Over one thou*
and applications were received from all
parts of the United 8tates, Canada ani
Europe, for pamphlets upon Michigan an!
its resource#, published by the State f>r
gratutioui circulation dnring 1832. Orn
40.000 coplea of this pamphlet, in the Eng
lish, German and Dutch languages, have
been distributed, and it is estimated thit
the new countiea have added fron 50,0)0
to 75,000 to their population. All indie i
jion- point to a still larger immigration in
Debate la Ike Prasslaa Lscislatirt,
Bxaua, December 16.—In the debate in
the Prussian Chambers yesterday on the
first reading of the bill remitting the four
lowest grades of taxes and supplying the
loss of revenne thns occasioned by a license
tax on the aale of tobacco and spirits, th<
Minister of Finance explained that the
scheme waa aimply aimed at eonvert:ng di
rect tax into indirect tax. An attempt. h<
aaid, would also be made to introduce tin
same license tax in the Emnira. but, mean
while, the government inUndrd to agaii
demand the tobacco monopoly.
An Engine en the Cumberland and
Pennsylvania Railroad
Bursta.Her Boiler.
A Black Brute Attempt* an Unmen
tionable Crime Upon a Dod
ridge County Lady.
Baltimore Society Terribly Torn
Up Over a Novel Legal
Sptciad DirpaXch t» tht Sunday ffegUlrr.
. Kkt»k, W. Va., December lt>.—Frei*bf
engine Ho. 32, on the Cumberland an«f
Pennsylvania railroad. running from Cum
berland to Piedmont, when on their way
to the coal mine* blew up just outside of
Cumberland, this morning. The following
are badly iDjnred: <J«orge RnteBg, engine
man, Kalded in the fare and body; Henry
Miller and Frank Carabine, badly scalded
and hnrt by being thrown off. The two
brakcmen are not expected tc live antU
night. Ifo one killed outright, which is a
miraculous escape for all.
t •ainl(tr<t by m Brain! Sf|r»la Dori
drMyt ('Matr.Tblihlsl*.
CiiARKSFeao, W. Va., December 16k—The
News publishes an account of a brutal out
rage that oeeurred last Tuesday evening
on Doe Run, in the suburbs of West Union,
which will go down the annals of time as
one of the most brutal and bold outrages
ever recorded in the history of Doddridge
county, possibly without a single excep
tion. Just before dark on the above even
ing, John Corsey, a colored man. who has
heretofore berne a good name, whilst un
der the influence of liquor, left hid com
paaions who were enjoying themselves over
a j.ug of
Chain LlglilnlBx Will nit y
and proceeded to a house on the run < ecu
pied by Agnes Harrison and family *nd a
w»man named Martha Cirillin, late frwn
Ohio, who is said to be a woman of e*sy
virtue, in the yard and engaged her in con
versation, in which improper proposals
were made by Corsey, and tpurneu by the
woman. He struck her twice, knocked her
djown and dragged her into the house ami
pxromplished his purpose, amid the cries
of the children and the
Frnntir fcrrnim*
»f the women. A neighbor who witnessed
the assault, skulked into his house and
closed the door out of fear. The screauw
of the women were heard by several
aeighbom, who, thinking 11 was a free ami
easy light did not interfere. The woman
was bruised about the throat and her
clothing almost torn off. On Wednesday
a warrant was swern out and placed in the
hands ol ollicers, but too late, as .
Coraey took r ugni
and is doubtless now with friends in Ohio*
Corsey is married and has a family living
near Smithton. Whatever may be Ibe
wS&tW A&'TW'Mtei" bc*"uii£
dowa aud be made to answer for hts great
(Coraey, before leaving, aside from
tli© statement of the women, confessed to
the aiain points in the above statement.
Drianlt Wllliainii Trying to ltec<»ver
MUl'orluur After .ItMrrjiUK tu Mull
Baltimore, December 16.—A sensation
bas been created in society circles here by
Ernault Williams, the son of George Haw
kins Williams, President of the Maryland
State Senate, marrying against bis father's
w>sbes, and then, yesterday, filing a mo
tion in the Circuit Court to set aside a deed
of trust by which he had conveyed to bis
father all of his property in consideration
of an annuity of $2,000. In the motion
filed to day tie young man simply states
that the reasons for the transfer which ex
isted at the time of signing the deed of
trust do not now exist, an<i aiks toliegiven
control of bis own property.
J'.arly lost spring it became known
En High Mrlfljr
here that Krnault Williams w is eiir« -wd
lo be married to Misi l.illie Hax-litV f
this city. Young Wiliiams is one of \.ie
best known society men in Baltimore, and
the announcement attracted considerable
attention, which did not w»m> when it was
rumored that the eider Williams was bit
terly opposed to the match. Tbe wed
ding day was fixed for June lltli last.
Cards were issued, the ltride's tra«eau
was prepared, when a few days before the
carriage grooru set nail for Kit rope
and society was lost in wonder. Later it
trtnypired that previous to
1h*(iro«ni'» n«'|»i»rtnre
he bad been compelled to muke a deed of
trust to his father of his entire fortune,
amounting to 12-50,000, inherited direct
from his grandfather, the Lite John 8 tilt
tings. It is said that at tbe time there was a
stormy scene between father and son and
that the latter was persuaded into signing
tbe deed by Senator Williams, who had
always exercised a strong control over the
young man. When the groom-elect, ap
parently much against his will, went to
New York before sailing he wrote a long
letter to his financee, a«suring her of his
continued love and desire to marry her
and promise to speedily return. During
his ansence abroad he corresponded with
her regularly, though his father, it is said,
knew nothing of
Ttif l.ove-I.etlem
that passed between them.
About a month ago Krnault returned
home and twenty-four hours after hit
arrival tbe cards were again issued for the
wedding, aud the happy couple were mar
ried about three weeks ago in tbe presence
of a fashionable assemblage at tbe residence
of the bride's parents on Paul street. The
Senator was not at tbe wedding, and from
what can be learned he is unrelenting and
refuses to recognize bis ton or transfer
back to bim his property. The trial of
the case will be very interesting and is
eagerly looked forward to by the legal pro
fession and society folk*.
Dca'l Carry Phoipbera« la Tsar
Sprrial Ditpntrh to the Sunday IUfitter.
Weluiville, O., December 16.—A little
ten-year old son of Mr. J. W. Aselton, of
tbii place, met with a ennotn and seriont
accident, yesterday. While playing with a
number of his companions, one of them
gave him • piece of phosphorus, which he
placed in hia pocket, ignorant of tbe re
sults. The stuff soon began to burn him.
and before he could be relieved hia hands
atd leg were terribly turned. The little
fellow u in a precarious condition.
■aria* Disasters.
Lohdoh, December 16.—The British bark
Iangrigg, Hull, struck on tbe Tusker rock,
off the coast of Wexford, and twenty-foai
of tbe crew were drowned. Only two wer*
Tbe British ahip Glad Tidings, from Cal
cutta for Palmontb. went ashore at Prawlt
Point, yesterday. She caught Are after
ward* and wa* totally destroyed. Twc
were drowned.
AurmDAN. December 16.—Tbe ateamr
Clandon. from New Orleans for Bremen
went ashore at Petten coast, Holland. As
sistanca waa aent ber. The Clan don wai
before reported, apparently incorrectly, tc
have arrived at Bremen.
Threateaiag Letter.
j Los do s, December 16 — 1 letter «igne<
11 "Poryhilla" was receive i at the Horn
11 office laat night, threatening that within
• j few daya one or more of the govammen
11 offices or tone other .aree building wool
| be net on fire. a& • retribution for the exs
cation of the three men in Galwny,-T««tor
day, (or the murder of the Joyc* mmily.
The police and alt the government
have consequently been doubled.
Chicago, Decern Der 16.—A Taylorvilfc
special says: Poor of the men indictev
for the outrage on Emma Bood have aaked
for a change of venue to Montgomery Cir
cuit. This postpones the trial till the 3d of
April. The opinion is expressed that the
defendants are only trying to defer the
trial till the victim dies. She ia not able to
talk so far. and is not likely to be.
Blew Oat Her Ciewa »ee«.
CmaxBLAKD, Mo., December 16.—This
morning an engine on* the Cnmberland
and Pennsylvania railroad blew out a
crown sheet, terribly scalding the engineer,
Geo. Riley, and Krank Cariflne and Henry
Miller. The latter two are not expected to
A UlDt Hhai t.
Jf«w York, December 16.—tieorge J. Bioe,
President of the Ltica. •llhlea—d Maatra
railroad, irar i
and tmbek1#teent It fa said there is a
discrepancy in hie aftounta of from 160,
IKH) to $100,060. The prisoner livea near
Bai.timmk, Mo.r December 16. — John
Hebneneler this morning shot his wife
while she was lying asleep in bed with her
tb#ee little children by her aide. He than
killed himself.
Dtblih, December lGt—Tnomas Hirgine
was eonvicted and sentenced to death to
day, far participating in the murdar of the
two Buddy s.
New Afllrrn Iter tbe (Haaka Rm4,
Kbw Tabic, December 16.—At a meeting
of the Board of Directors of the Om&ht
Railroad, held thi*afternoon, H. H. Porter
resigned the Presidency and Marion Hug
hittwas elected to his place. M. L Svkes
was elected Vice President in ptece of f*t*il
etus Sawyer. Svkes was also elected Treas
urer and Secretary. Many changes were
made in the Board of Directors. W. H.
Vanderbilt, Corneiiu»Vanderbilt, Augustua
Scbell, W. L. Sykee, H. McTwotnbly, Al
bert Keep, John G. Spooner and Marion
Hugliiit were elected new meuit>ere, taking
the places of H. R. liishop, J. M. Fiske, A.
Kountze. II. T. Wei la, K. R. Cable, K. T.
Drake, H. II. IV>rter and Benjamin Brew
ster. Of the aid Board yet remaining are:
David Dows, ltosall R Flower, Philetus
Sawyer, W. IX Washburn and A. 1L Wil
rnltUiff rmgtii Kntea.
St. Lor is, December lit.—It was reported
on 'Change ami elsewhere that some of the
fast freight lines are sp»in cutting rates on
eastern shipments. This is done by con
signing to intermediate points and relabel
ing to destination. Thi» is the old game to
b<at the pool, and some lines are aaid to
have been quite ttioceatfq) in playing it.
The Midland line, running over the Chica
go and Alton, and the White line, overt ha
Indianapolis and St. Louis roads, are the
lines specially mentioned as engaged in the
cutting, and other lines threaten to retali
ate unless the rates are immediately re
»n Catling.
Niw Yokk, December 16.—The officials
of the Delaware, Lackawanna and Western
railway deny that there have been any cut
ting of rates on sugar to the West, as stated
in the Boston Dispatch last night.
ll«Ty I'dllnrr.
Dktibut, Mtcu., December 16.—A. aDn*a
tion was created in the Hoard of Trade, to
day, by the failure of L. K. Norton, one of
its moat prominent members. He pat up
g.tfVlteJDJS/ii#* 'UaLit.iwwUurioH
hurt tiedn expected. Little is Known ul his
■ (fair*, and the amount of lo(w> to other
deals cannot be ascertained. Subseqnent
ly it wan learned that yesterday afternoon
Norton had made a bill of nai« of all his
personel ertVc'M.| horse*, carriages, etc., to
his father in Inw. Norton did not make an
appearance at the board and the deals were
closed out under rule. It was reported
that he was at home sick.
Caj.ittt*, December 10 —The Chipore
hydraulic pres.* was partially destroyed by
tire, and the great jute presses partially
burned, yesterday.
Homkk, N. Y., December 10.—The poet
ortice black is ou tire and threaten* tow I
total loss.
At one time the whole business portion
of the villa*."* «*s threatened, but (lie lire
ass controlled with a loss of |1A,000.
GAi.LLPot.te, 0., December 16.—A fire de
stroyed the warehouse uaed by O'Neil A
Co. for drugs. l/oss $0,000. P. A. Snow A
Hons warehouse, f 1.400, If. Frank's cloth
ing store and several small bu iJdings.
John Sarins, owner of tlie principal
building: Hsmed. estimates his loss at
uoo. Total loss, J25,noe; partly insured.
Nslrlmsatal Aiaorlslloas.
Wajuiisuton, D. C., December 10.—About
two hundred and forty Southern matrimo
nial and natal asaociations were placed
upou the black list of the Poetoftice De
partment, and postmasters were instructed
to return senders their money orders ad
dressed to associations in Michigan. The
Mutual Association is the onlv sflair in
the South which is not mentioned in tbe
list. _
<>*ne 1'p.
C't5» iswati, l>ecember !6.—fitralilef A
Pollock, 100 West Third street, dealers in
gent's wear, made an assignment'Uvriay to
D. Hcinshekmer, Jr.
('sa(reMman Orlb 0»lmg.
iKniAiiAPous, Iwn.. December ifl.—Private
telegrams from Lafayette say Congress
man O. 8. Orth is sinking rapidly, aadniay
die at any moment.
Last Dm)'a D*flil«a« sf tHe Raprense
('•art of Appeal*.
Ceurt sat at 10 a. m. Judge? all present.
Second National Dank of Irouton, Ohio,
vs. Thomaa Kwing et al.. Vista Laidley,
appellant, from the Circuit Court of Cabell
count v. Opinion by Snyder: Appeal dis
missed as imorovidently awarded.
Delaplain <v C-y ri. Armstrong A ITIrfcb,
from the Circuit Court of Ohio eonnty.
Opinion by Snyder: Judgment of Circuit
Court affirmed.
State of Wrat Virginia vs. Wade H.
Thompaou, from tbe Circuit Court of
Wayne county. Opinion by Green: Judg<
ment of Circnit Court affirmed.
Catharine McMullen vs. David Regan et
al., from the Circuit Court of Kanawha
county. Opinion by Green: Judgment
of Circnit Court affirmed.
Lynrh's administrator vs. Eugene Henry,
from Harrison county. Appellant la re
quired to execute indemnify log bood to
Wm. Lanahan, one of bit suretiea, within
sixty daya.
W. H. Tompkins vs. Kanawha Bond,
from tbe Circnit Court of Kanawha county.
Opinion by Johnson. Judgment of C ire All
Court affirmed.
A. R. Hnmpbreya va. J. F. Patton, admin
istrator, from the Circuit Court of Moorje
county. Opinion by Johns-m. Decree of
Circnit Court reversed and bill die
mi wed.
Martha Scbwarzbecb etal. vs. Ohio Valley
Protective Union, from tbe Municipw
Court of Wheeling. Writ of error was al
lowed ; bond $3,00u.
Court adjourned until the first day of tbe
next regular term, to be held In Cbarlaatoo,
commencing on the Mlh day of January,
IMS. Jj>
iieriu em
Yesterdsy morning Got. J. B. Jackson
received from Jacksonville, Florida, the
following telegram:
"I hereby lender my resignation as a
member elect of the Legislature from
Wood county,
"W. A. Coons."
Mr. Cooper is a merchant of BeHeriRe,
Wood county, and wee elected to the Leg
is 1 at n re as a Republican. He vest M
Belleville in very straightened dream
stances and opened a store, at which bs
has since reached a cotapetenes. Hard
work, however, told on his health, and hi
is now in Florida fighting ia vain sgainst
that dread disease, coosumotioa.
Got. Jackson accepted tbe resignahan,
and will issue s proeismaUoa for a nei
el«cCon, to be beid at once.
Flittarttg ftrMpeti U r:m Etrfy
Caaptatfea tftlM W,# P.
Pnumi Itotteof Put*
sytvaata Road, WM* la
to Tap tMa City.
Heary Wtrd BNthr TiFft Wt ft**
partaaoa aa a BaflMar
PaVkebsbtbo, Metobcr ML—The
ing of tbe stockholders of U» W., P. AO.
railroad company Md bora today was
wall attended, there leiagovar three-fourth I
af the Mock represented in person or by
proxy. Tba name of tba corporation wea
changed to Ohio Rivar Railroad Cfcupaay.
Tba canital Hock wa* Inmaesd to |>>000,00tt,
and tba board of directal* vara authorised
to issue $3,MO,000 in boodir#or tba porpoaa
of budding aad equipping^ *b« road- Tba
stockholder* ara In good spirit orar tba
flattering Moepect for tba aaeiy ootaplaUoa
of tbe road. Tba fallowing' ia tba Hat of
directors elected to-day: D, K. Kaal« W.
N. Chancellor, Job* McLure, W. F. Peter
son, R. H. Browse, R. 8. Brown, O. W.
Thompson, C. Sehoo, C. H. SbaWaek, B. W.
Byrneand 8sp. Hail.
Walter iAinbar. af this rity, made a nar
row escape fsom death tbls afternoon. He
was thrown from a horse and dragged tosu
distance. He was unconscious whsa faua J,
but ia thought not fataMy injured.
Housing temperance meeting be re to
night. Mlstt A. Taylor, af Wheeling Col
lege; Judge Ferguson, of Kanawha, aad
other prominent temperance lecturers
look part in the meeting.
rreksMe Baate af the leetk raaMaayl*
eaala lallraal.
BRATtroan. Fa., itacember 18—Hlnre tba
building of tba Boatli I'taosylvanla has
becomo an assured faot, all the old rail real
rompaaiee who have aarveya through this
part of the State have been anxious to dis
pose of their surveys to the Soath 1'etw*
lylvania. All theas offers have bean re*
jected, as ths South Fennsylvasia surra/
was tuperior to tbenain every respccL. Bat
reoentlf* survey was presented wbtcb la
receiving a great deal of attention. This
line runs westward through tbe northern
part of Butler connty, and winds through
ths gaus of Ray's 11111 mountain and
tomes into Bedford county through n
chort tnnnel near Pjper't MMk It thaw
deflects to the noctbwest, traveling tba
rich fswing district of Bedford county,
through the soulhwset comer of Blair
oounty, strikes Kdenburg, '.'ambrleoountf,
then tidies a southwesterly course through
Indiana and Westmoreland counties, and
thsnca to Wheeling. 11 ia. MB
iUUrfaaVtr tier, aod that a road oooetrocted
on this line would cost <>ue third lata
than the southern route. lie remarktble
nheaaneas is I la chief recommendation, aad
it i.i Believed the company will oonciuda
to follow tlie line as locstedJn this survey.
The fsct thst tbe company ia likely to
purchase s controlling Interest in the BeJ
lord Spriogs will also iatUirncs the ssleo
tioa of this route. James fi. Blaine and
the coal company of which ho is a stock
huldcr, snd which is operating tbe ooal
fields of West Virginia, will be greatly ben
efited by this new Hne, as tbe company
bas been hnnd(capi>ed by Inadequate rail*
rosd fscllitiea. The directors of the com*
i>sny hsve made a proposition to the 8 jutb
Pennsylvania, in which they agree to con*
ntruct a lurn of railroeil from their mines In
('umherlaud, Md , if the South l'etiosylra*
nis will connect with theta there by •
branch line running south from Bedford.
It li not improbable that this psn position
will be accepted.
TelU Wkal tLnmma Ateal Mr
('•ratn — Mis Ou lipirlMM la
RlMk »v>«UUm.
Niw Yoaa, December 10.—Bar. Heary
Ward Meechrt ippnrwl before the Henata
Committee on Clraln Corners to da/. Ha
Mid that if any man muld buy all tha
wbaat in the country and ao »Urre U*
I«ople, he would ba a criminal of iIm
deepeat dye. Ha thought species of gam
bling carried on by merchants waa far lap
Injurious tipon public morala than uTa
effects prodooed by church faira and rnl«
gioos lotteries. Ha haa been In, ba raid,
the inlniatry of the guepel for 4ft y«am
"I hold," ba said, "that a man with a 1004
bead forceea hia advantage orer hia neigh
bors in tbaaa aperulatlona, bat Of| thai
ac< ount these speculations ahould not ba
counted immoral. 1 regard the ago la
which we lire aa an
Aga •€ (waMaaliaaa.
f think it la part my profaaaion to dad in
future*. Tbara ata two wajra of dealing la
future*—on a in realities, the other in riaba
and cbsncea. A man may aall what doaa
r.ot exist; ona, two. or I wanly man who
koked ahead sufficiently sagacious It
prophecy what would noma to paaa in tho
future and were right In thair oonjecturaa
and thereby raap nroAt. I cannot aaa that
»ucb action* ara illegitimate. Tbara In bat
llttla danger of famina in thla country. It
70a uk ma tha gospel aid* of tha cakieeL
you ara nil wrong from top to kottoae aa
society. Tbara la no man who 'lores his
neighbor as blmaalf,' but aa n mere com
merdal judgment I do not ace caaae for any
special complaint Tbeeapply aaddeaiaad
are minor principle* which reaalale prtcac
The law of prices is the law of brain fka
ralna of the flneet allk draae erer Mis to
what fools are willing lo pay, and dial to
determined by rarlety of
ne roil Wis* BMs Wlgfcll^
To a railroad company. My plane to
Paekakill mlgkt not ba worth tea dollaea;
to me it ia worth $10,000. There la aotbiag
In onr civilisation kat wkal nails far it*
tensediata aea. Ona mm makae ebalia, '
another etoree, than a railroad nua takaa
them to a distant oonntry and they ara
sold by another mm. Bat all eelftafcaeai
la wrong, and all commerce la aaore or toM
eel fish. Honey maMng la Wall atraai to
aa illnaioa. A public ages ally aaa 4a
vary little for thla. Wo law caa nsaha
morality. I hare keen rery mach aa>
lightened since tha committee bare kaaa
la aaaalon. 1 bare read ■ore abedt
than they would erer read abont aa I
think It woald ba n good thiug, tantlsaaa,
if yaa woald coma dowa abaat oaaa a
ycar. I think that tbaca la laallptl mare
great public instrocura. 1 aaoe koaabta
nomber of Panama aharae, ead paid fear
bundrad dollars a chare lor fhaat. I aaa
glad to fat them. Batwbaalaald thaa
oot at one dollar a ahare I waa glad to fat
rid of them. That iaalllbaaw af ataofe
'^nVbfeouree of his tcctimoay. speakI af
of public morala aad bribery, da wttmam
•There waa Otrn Waahlaftoa: ka
could not ba bribed, bat ha aware Ilka a
Waaanroroa. December ll-Aa Canaa
eaota am eanbeagodt
• .mm

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