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Wheeling Sunday register. [volume] (Wheeling, W. Va.) 1882-1934, December 17, 1882, Image 3

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A Faithful Sksteh of Hit Lift and
From a Railroad Brakeman *o a U. S, Senator
—How Ha Started Life—Promoted to
Be a Conductor—Running the First
Train at Night—Career in State
and National Politics—How
He 6ot Rich—His •
Brdaalac *1 Hnitom.
Home men make their careers; many are 1
made by them; but the men are few to 1
whom a career is at once training and
achievement. Yet this is success in its full
tlower, when grvatnesa grows by what it j
tVvds upon. It is true of such men, be i
their place what it may, iu camp or hall,
in business or manufacture, enacting the
laws of controlling the daily labors of men.
that their abilities rise with t&eir achieve
ments; that their career educates them,
and the prizes of life become the visible
aigns of aptitude in the great shool where
men set their own tasks, and rise a) their
effort* are equaled by their triumphs. '
These truisms so well lit the man of whom
I am going to write, that 1 set them here as
.• a compass by which to guide the courseot
th« lutes that are to follow.
"Are you equal to running and taking
• charge of a passenger train*"
More thau forty years ago, Thomas
i Swanu, of Maryland, a man who was a con
spicuous figure in public affairs for fully I
• tw<* generations, addressed this question to j
-a robust, manly looking youth, apparently j
not twenty years of age. Mr. dwann was
then President of the Baltimore and Ohio '
railroad, and had called the young man up j
to offer him promotion Railroading in j
this country was then little more than an
experiment; not a locomotive had crossed
the Alleghanies, and our matchless rail
way system of to day had then no exis
"As to running the train. I have no ao
prehenaions, but as to taking charge of the i
passengers and performing the other
lutiee incident to the place of a conductor,
lean not speak: they can only be deter
mined by trial.**
This prompt and modest reply of the
young man so pleased the railroad presi
dent. that he said: "I haw decided to be
gin advancing men from the ranks to the
higher grades of railroad work, and have
selecteti yon as the first to be promoted
from a freight to the charge of a passenger
[train "
1 cut this event froui the midst ot u busy
d useful life, bet-au-x* it marked the turn
ng point of a career that has been full of
tirring incidents and remarkable achieve
uenta. There was then a wide difference
>etweeu the rich and |*>werfnl man and
he humble !&*.! whom he addressed. The
1 distinction was wiped out before many
years, and they met at the National Capi
tal. not Ion* ago. with their positions some
what reversed. The railroad President of
1540. after having filled the office of Gov
ernor of Maryland and other places of dis
function wax elected to the lower house of i
ongrees, to find the freight hand he had \
romoteil a I 'm ted Elates Senator. The
wo were friends, and Mr. Swann often |
>ld this story of how he happened to
tart the Senator on his upward career.
"Before 1 sent to take him from the
freights, one of our directors had been on
a train that had been brought to a halt by
a wreck on the line of the road between
Baltimore and Frederick. He came to me
and commended the energy, but especially
the intelligence, displayed by a young man
in the work of removing the obstructions, j
Every m»n on the train, stid he, seemed ,
to look to him for direction, and to recog- j
nize him as the leader in the work of
clearing the line of the debris. 1 reasoned (
that tliis employe, who w.ts so highly re
garded by his associates, was a safe man
with whom to begin the experiment of
promotion from the ranks: so I ascertained .
his name, sent for him. and gave him
charge of a passenger train.
The Whigs had elected General Harrison
President before the event which has been
sketched He had died, and John Tyler
had succeeded him. The fruits of the
Whig Tier tv of lS40had even tnen been
nullified, and Tyler had started the Demo
cracy on the road to the victory of 1H44,
when the paths of life divided, and Henry
G. Davis took the one that led to fame and
fortune. He began the journey well
equipiied with the rugged yet fertile quali
ties necessary to success. Both sides of j
the fatuilv tree had contributed good blood
by the union of two nationalities noted for
the strong men and women they have add- !
ed to the forces of mankind. From his j
father, Caleb Davis, who was an only child,
be inherited the strength, industry and
perseverence that have always been no- >
ticeable attributes of the rugged people j
who inhabit the mountainous little prin
cipality of Wales. From his mother he
got the {scotch Irish traits of will force and
xnentai power that have always dis
tinguished that strain wherever '
ivMim .. rears before he was
when well tu'do, aad mar ad to a
Keward COU'ity. Tbfc »»
guard its roitrseTrorti
most to the sea. The father
its hanks and went to far mi
of it, began a series of spe
finally ruined him. He t
for work on the railroad, am
He built the little town of Woods toe
that is still a station on the old road, a few
mile» out from Baltimore, and lost money
in the venture. In this little village the
subject of this sketch w-as born, on the lfith
of November, 1323. His father was then
in good circums'ances, but a few years
later the farm and town property heowued
was swept away and he died poor. He left
four .sons and one daughter to be reared by
his widow. This was no easy task, and the
boys who were old enough to work, early
and thoroughly learned the lessons of in
dustry and economy that are to this day
precepts and examples in their house
Befor» he was in his teens Henry G.
Davis be^an to assist bis mother in the
support of the family. Left with the care, |
government and support of five children, '
the mother brought to her task the strong
yet kindly traits of mind and disposition
that are such notable characteristics of the
stock from which she sprang. She early
trained them to habits of industry and
thrift, and brought thena up iu the Presby
terian faith, the creed of her anc?stors for
eenerations. She was devoted to her
church and to her fatherless children, and
she taught them to read before they were i
old enough to work. Above all, she ltn- j
pressed upon the:« those sterling traits of |
character that marked her as a woman of '
suiierior force. Although frail in body she
had the will powf-of her race, and it en
abled her to overcome troubles that would
have conquered many strooger women.
She has parsed away, but some of her
family and itf traditions still linger in :
Howard county. Her maiden name was
Louisa Brown and !^r lister is the mother
of A. P. Gorman, l'nited States Senator '
from Maryland. The old homestead is
still in the possession of a brother, and
there are other relics of the family still left
that has given so many strong men and >
*"men to the world.
The necessity for work in the Davis I
famny. even after the father s death, was
greater than the opportunity forstndv,and
young Henry.as well as his brothers, had a 1
vtry slender chance of gaining even the
jViiment* of an Knglish education. Mary
land had no free school system then as
now, for the country had not matured or
•ven began the ' splendid educational
u-rorleaof to-day *
rr*ctle«I Kilnratlon.
When quite young, the manly ways, the
thrift ana energy of the (abject of this
•ketch attracted the attention ox ex-Gover
nor Howard, after wb >m was named the
ccunty in which young Davis was born and
lived. lie had a fine plantation called
Waverly, bordering on Carroll's Mtnor;
then, aa now, one of the beantifal estates
of the aristocracy of Maryland, that was
banded down from George III.to along line
of famous men. One day the. old Governor
reined up before the humble home of the
fravis family, and said to the mother:
iM Banff wai with ma, I want ft
good boy on 1117 piac*. and I am aatiafied ha
will auit me. I will take good care of
The arrangement* vera easily mad*, and
(he lad vaa tranaferred to the ex-Uover
nor'a home, where in a very abort time ha
became a favorite, and waa aoon made a
sort of aaparintandent of the farming ope
rations. Duriof the yearn that he ra
maioed upon tbia place, the Baltimore an J
Ohio waa gradually stretching its iron arms
toward the Allegheniee, until at laat it
t—chid Cumberland, the metropolis of
Wextern Maryland. Or. Woodaide waa
than the superintendent of the infant
road. He bad known the Davia family for
years, and they had frequently exchanged
visits with members of but own houaehold.
He bad often seen Henry while the rail
road waa following the river past Wood
There waa a demaud for men to ran the
trains when the road reached Cumberland,
Mid so Dr. Woodside took Henry Davia, as
ha waafamiliarhr known in those days and
for years after, from tba Governor's autate
and made bim a brakeman on one of the
three freight trsina that then traversed the
Often .have 1 listened, and with never
tlaaging£intereet, to the stories Mr. Davis
tell* of railroading in thoie early days of
the iron highways.
"Yea. I recall the beginning, and almost
every phase of the history of railroading
in this country," he would say. "It was
in 1842 that old Dr. Woodside made me a
brakeman on one of tha freight trains that
then ran over the Baltimore and Ohio rail
road. I was just twenty years of age the
fall after 1 began running. Railroading
was then a very ditterent thing from what
it is now. It was then thought impossible
to run a tram during the night, ana it was
several years after I began before it was
attempted. There were no telegraphs then;
110 means of comuiuniuating with the train
after it left for its destination. . livery thing
in the running of trains had to be done by
tha arbitrary schedule of instructions, and
it was oftentimes tedious business. It
took all day to go a distance that now only
requires a few hours."
Young DaVis, after quite an experience
as a brakeman. waa promoted to be conduc
tor of a freight train, and, tinally, the old
Superintendent, who was his friend, think
ing tu better his condition, made him a
brakeman on a passenger train. He tried
it one trip, and then going to the Superin
tendent. asked to be returned to his for
mer position, a* the new one was decidedly
distaatefnl to him. His request waa grant
ed, and be was agnin placed in charge of a
freight train, and remained there until
Mr. Swann sent for and advanced him
from the ranks to the grade that gave him
his real start in life.
From his earliest boyhood Henry 0.
Davis has given evidence of his ability to
rise to the retirements of anv position to
which he might l>e called. He was always
diffident, even backward, at times, to a de
gree that often hampered his advancement,
but when an emergency forced him into
self-assertion he never failed to respond.
He needed just such training as railroad
life gave to tit him for the path in life he
selected at the parting of the ways. In
those early days, when railroads we're new
and accidenta numerous, there were fre
quent occasions when practical skill, great
nerve and indomitable energy were all im
portant factors in surmounting difficulties
and avoiding dangers. Kach new call made
upon him found him ready, and he very
soon gave ample evidence of the possession
of these qualities in a superior degree.
Kach new duty brought fresh responsibil
ities ami a wider contact with mankind.
calling oiu xne> mieni 01 wio man,
that were always handicapped by tha mea
gre opportunities ot his youth and his re
tiring disposition, it was not long after
bis promotion that be became one of the
mo-t popular employes on the road. He
was regarded as it-liable by the corporation
he served, as well an by the public, and
was carefully attentive to his passengers.
The traditions of Henry Davis' service as a
coaduitor are still fresh along the line
among the {>eople who traveled on the
trains of which ne was in charge. In those
days he teok little interest in politics, but
his conservative disposition naturally in
clined h»m toward the Whig party, and he
cast his tirst vote for Henry Clay, the same
year he made his tirst material rise in rail
roading. After wards Jhe became acquainted
with Mr. Clay, Gen. Sam. Houston and
other great national characters, who figured
in those days. They frequently traveled
on his train as far as Cumberland, and
then took the stage over the mountains, or
left that primitive vehicle for his train
when going Kast to Washington. In
so well had he performed the duties as
signed him by Mr. Swann a few years be
fore. that be was made supervisor, a po
sition that gave him direction of all the
trains on the road. Even at that late date
it was not thought feasible to run a train at
night, and lie determined to try the ex
periment. I have often heard him speak
>>f this interesting incident. People seemed
to regard the effort as foolbardiness, and
predicted failure. A large crowd assem
bled to see the train start that was to make
the first run from Cumberland to Balti
more in the night. The comments of the
assemblage were as interesting as they were
'She won't make twenty miles,'* said
one. "<>f course not," said another.
"There's danger of running over cows and
throwing her off the track," chimed in a
third. "Yes. they can't see far enoagh
ahead to keep from running against the
stones that roll dowufrom the mountains,"
suggested a fourth. But the train moved
Dff in charge of yoong Davis, despite the
misgivings of the crowd. It arrived at its
destination in safety, though not without
encountering some difficulties. It, how
ever. helped to solve the problem of run
ning trains at night, and removed what
was then thought a» important obstacle in
The pay of railroad employes in those
days was by no means large, and the small
sum he received us brakeman bad not
reached $100 per month even when he was
Supervisor. Yet he had saved something
from tbfse slender wages, and when he
was thirty vears of age, besides assisting
hto aa«tb*T, He had accumulated enough to
Tiahln tiim to take a life partner. He
Lon"w?3r« lanr* •rtaJr^ST1^'"^
t»a*H giade atf
Jk few years' Mrriw ia lhi» fo
iMton.ntMUn lapwrtaat
for tbe management of affairs, and ho id*
ded another of his unbroken line of s*c
cesses that have followed hira eversincehe
began upon the railroad, and, indeed, fr»ra
his boyhood days.
Tftf Foundation of » lorlnuf.
Piedmont, when Henry G. Davia was ut
there, was, as it still is, an important point.
Tbe centre of the Cumberland bituminous
coal region, and the point at which the
railroad begins to ascend the mountain*,
there were many important duties for the
agent to perform in those early days. It
was then a sort of central station on the
road; a relay for all the heavy locomotives
that run up the mountains, as well as for
the light engines that drew freight flora
the Kast this far. He was thirty one years
of age when be settled in the little villus
where he has since lived, and assumed his
new duties. The present great 6oal In er
ests of the section were then practicv'y
undeveloped, and he began with the pion
eers of that industry. His keen foresfcht
early grasped the advantages of the place
for "traffic, and he induced* his brotler,
William It. Davis, to come from tktir
Maryland home, and establish a busing
as shipper of coal and lumber for the in
ducers. The town grew rapidly, and the
occupations in which the brothers engaged
slowly but surely increased. A year pasied
when Thomas B. Davis joined his fartuaes
with his tw<^ brothers. In 1858 th« listle
business, started for years before, hsl done
so well that Henrv O. resigned his position
upon the railroad, joined the two broth
ers. and became the head of the now widely
known firm of D&vis Brothers. Th» same
year be resigned from the railroad he ad
ded banking to the liat of bit t"l3W«
carea. He organized the Piedmont Savings
Bank, and was elected its president. Iso
single feature of bis career illustrates his
substantial advancement in all the waHt«
of life more strikingly than the contract
between that small beginning in mouet
dealing with the National Bank of Pied
inont, with its hundreds of thousands of
dollars of business yearly, that has taken
its place, and of which Mr. Davis is the
masterspirit. Tbe possessions and inter
ests of the Davis brothers were then insig
nificant indeed, in contrast with their vast
belongings of to-day. What was then but
a start, has grown to the proportions of a
vreat fortune. To-day they count their
capital by millions, and their landed estate
by more than a hundred thousand acres.
These brothers, who more than a quarter of
a century ago began life together by put
ting into the little business at Piedmont
their energy, industry, and the small
amount of money they had saved from the
fruit of their industry, by close economy,
have held everything in common to this
day. W. R. Davis, the youngest of the
trio, has paotted away, but the property be
longs to the Davis brothers still, the little
family he left behind him reo«iving the ac
cummniationa of hi* early plant and life's
work. The progress of the brother* at first
vh alow. They never entered into the
whirlp03l of speculation, as moat men liv
ing in the eoad regions did in thoee days,
but contented themselves with doing a le
gitimate business and aidding to their in
coue by careful methods. They made a
few jndiciona investments in timber and
coal lands, about the beginning of the war.
bat did very little in the way of develop
ment then, on account of the pending hos
tilities. 1 doubt whether the tirmor either
of its members ever speculated, or made
any attempt to rapidlv increase their means
by any of the feverish and hasty methods
of Wall street, or of stock gamblers the
world over. They were contented to build
their fortunes slowly, by hard work, and
tbe use of old-fasbioued business methods.
The community of interest between these
three positive men has been simply sub
lime in its conception and the tenacity of
its endurance. It began when, they were
children, and the elder was the help of the
younger. When vears and ' strength
brought the last of the three to the age of
work, their interests were cemented, and
tbe three ever had a common regard for the
sqmcm of each other. In all the years of
effort, there has never been a clash, and
what one did was accepted as the act of all.
The elder brother, John B. Davis, now the
leading banker of Richmond, would doubt
je>s have joined his fortunes with the other
three, but for a change of residence that
seemed to forbid it. He moved to the
Capital of Virginia before 1850 and has re
sided there ever since. The relations be
tween himself and the other members of
the family ha* ever been close and friendly.
The only sister married a Mr. Buxton, and
now lives at Keyser with Thomas B. Davis.
It is strange to read a family history that
wears the marks of such fidelity from all
its members to each other.
War brought its changes to the Davis
Brothers, as it did all others living along
the border. In a great measure it hindered
tbe increase of their business at Piedmont,
but at the same time it opened up tbe
avenues of trade to them, and they gained
in new direction* what they lost in the old.
All of them remained true to the Union,
and lived under its authority during all
the years of the war. Henry G. Davis had
friendly relations with the Government at
Washington, and was in the fullest confi
dence. during the conflict, witb|Gea. B. F.
Kelly, who commanded the department in
whicn he lived and where his interests
were. He furnished supplies, in large
■ inantities, to the army, and the kindly re
lations that were built at that time, by so
cial and business intercourse with General
Kelly and the officers of hiscominand, have
grown closcr with the lapse of time. Not
only during, but since the war, Mr. Davis
has had no firmer friend than Gen. Kelly,
and he, on the other hand, has had a warm
place in the heart of the gallant Union
General, whose home is in West Virginia.
War closed, leaving Mr. Davis and his
brothers with a fair start in life, but the
demands made upon them just after the
surrender really laid the foundation of
their present fortune. The railroad com
pany with which Henry G. Davis began
life was, during the war, one of the two
iron highways of which the Government
exacted great service in the transportation
of troops ami supplies between the East
and West. The end of the Rebellion found
it sadly in need of repairs; lumber, bridge
timber and cross-ties were wanted to pnt
it in .shape for the trailic that the return
of t>eace would bring. Mr. Davis owned a
tract of forest laud on the top of the Alle
gbenies. along the line of the road, ami to
their old employe the company turned for
ready aid and for assistance in placing the
road in efficient condition. The mountain
irmi was » ouru mw »niat».VM
tor. Portable saw mills were put up, aad
the standing trees were converted into rail
road supplies as rapidly as possible. All
the appliances that they could comtnaud
and work with facility were taxed to their
utmost (o meet the demands of the corpo
ration, whose closest confidence Mr. Davis
ha* ever had, both in and out of its service.
They also opened some of the coal mines,
and worked them to their fullest capacity.
Several mercantile establishments were
added to the list of their enterprises, and
business grew to an annual val ueof several
hundreds of thousands of dollars. Prices
for the commodities they produced were
good, and what of their products the rail
road company did not consume was rapidly
sold to private buyers at a good profit.
The few years following the war, profits
accumulated rapidly. Two points at which
the brothers were in business at this time.
Piedmont and Deer Park, are so closely as
sociated with thecarcerof Henry (». Davis,
that I feel like giving a brief description
of at least one of them. When they
bought the wilderness on the Allegheny
summit, it was given the name of Daer
Park, because of the great herds of deer
that roamed over it unmolested. To one
not acquainted with the history of this
beautiful spot it would be impossible
to picture it as it was in those days.
But little more than a decade and a half
ago it was an almost unbroken forest. The
beautiful grove of native oaks boardering
the railroad was, when I first saw it, just
being invaded by the woodman's axe, to
lay the foundations for the small house
which has since been supplanted by the
present spacious and comfortable summer
residence of Mr. Davis. The broad stretch
ofk'lades, knoll and lowland, now sprinkled
with echoes of Uhe best in art, itself a
triumph of the landscape gardener, with all
nature for its foil, was then wild but beauti
ful in the garb of springtime,but pervaded
with the (iuiet grandeur of desolation. The
spacious hotel now there, with its semi
attached cottages, were not things even of
the imagination until years afterwards,
and they have been built, while the fertile
fields have been cleared and adorned,
within little more than a decade. The
place which was then a station on the
road, only tor the product of the saw-mill,
is to day the most charming spot upon the
line, and its name is known the country
over as a synonym for beauty and health.
There is nothing in the career of Mr.
Davis that more forcibly illustrates the
general confident in his foresight and
business integrity than the present condi
tion of Deer Park. The company that first
employed him as a freight hand has ever
been his friend, and not only assisted in
his business enterprise, but has in a great
measure followed his fortunes. Mr. John
i-.iitjmi chmvv
it wouTib! jimpossiDle^SMroflRf
character, to trace in detail the yearly ad
ditions to the enterprises of which Mr.
Davis is the head. Certainly something
new was being born to his energy every
year. There is a phase of his business life
that ever seemed to me singular. There
bail never been a day, for years past, when
he could not have employed his splendid
business talents and largo capital to far
greater profit in any of the large cities of
the Union than he has done in his own
8tate. He has steadily invested the profits
of his business in some new venture which
looked to the development of the resources
of the State where he began life when he
eoased t® tread the winepress of life alone.
Perhaps in doing this he has simply heeded
the lessons he learned in boyhood, and
bees content to reap the steady reward of
careful industry. But I have ever set it
down as an ambition to so contribute to
the material welfare and advancement of
West Virginia, that the result of his efforts
would stand as a more enduring monument
to his memory than any service he could
render the State in the arena of politics.
Whether this judgement of his motives be
correct or not, this will certainly be the
verdict of the people who will estimate his
character and acts in all the time to come.
A man may have eminent success in
business life, but fail when he reaches out
to grasp other duties, requiring broader
and entirely different qualities of mind.
The public career of Henry 0. l>avis, how
ever, has been even more successful than
bis business life, and for many years past
the two have traveled hand in hand, tbus
proving that he possesses the versatile
mental attributes necessary to accomplish
difficult tasks in public as well as in private
}ust after the war, and while pressed
with the overwhelming demands of his
business, the cttiwna vi Hampshire county,
where he lived, asked him to become a
Conservative Union candidate for the
Legislature, as against the nominee of the
radical wing of that party. He consented,
and was elected. He entered the lower
hoiife of the West Virginia Legislature,
and began his public life, with the session
of 1866. Alnif»jt from the start he took
a leading place in the business ana delibera
tions of that body. He was second on the
Committee on Finance, having taken the
pHce by the invitation of the Chairman,
"Uscle Natbau Goff," of Clarksburg, the
unrte after whom the present distinguished
member of Congress from the First district
of West Virginia was named. Both the
Ooffs, uncle and nephew, served with Mr.
Davis, in the Legislature, while the nephew
was y«t little more than a boy, and the
kindly relations then established have
been lasting. Years afterward, when both
Mr. DaVia and the younger Goff had al
tained t» great prominence,
tie motifs of the formerin theI
Geo. Nathtn Goff. Jr., when not
Secretary the Navy by Presiff
was continued without referent*
miWee, a proceeding without1
except in the coe of • man who had
■erred in the United States Senate. Thus
waa the friendahip of former jean
emphasized by an act as nnusnal as it was
graceful in a political adversary.
The Stat* of West Virginia waa hardly
three years old when Mr. Daris steppad
into its political history. The problem of
its continued existence was still unsolred
wben he left his mills, his mines, and his
bank, to gire the aid of his political mind
to the work of setting its future as a State,
and its standing; in the National family.
After serring in the lower house he was
elected to the State Senate, and took eren
a higher place in the business of the npper
house than he had in that of the lower.
His contest for a second election to the
State Senate was a memorable one, and is
importsntin this sketch, because it really
fixed Imposition as the leader of the Con
serratire party of West Virginia. His op
ponents nominated W. H. H. Flick, of
Pendleton county, now United 8tates
District Attorney, one. of the ablest and
most popular Republicans in the State. He
had been a central figure in the Union
party for several rears, and had been the
leader of its liberal element. The Sena
torial district in which he and Mr. Davis
lived had been the playground of the
Union and Confederate forces during the
war, and the prevailing political senti
ment, after the close of the conflict, was
against the then dominant party in West
Virginia, if it had been allowed express on
at the ballot box. Flick had added to his
strength with the people of the district, by
offering a constitutional amendment re
pealing the section that disfranchised men
for service in or sympathy with the Con
federate cause, it was known as the Flick
Amendment, and was a famous act of
legislation. The parties in West Virginia,
at that moment, were kuown as the Union
and Conservative, for the Confederates
were still denied the right of suffrage.
Both Mr. Davis asd his competitoi were
liberal men. although Flick represented
the regular Republican, and Davis the op
position, The contest between them was
very spirited, but it was conducted to the
close in the best of temper. They traveled
together through the district, and presented
their claims to the people, not only on the
hustings, but at the firesides, or in groups
at the country stores, as they could be
found. Mr. Davis was elected, and this
success opened the way to still higher ad
vancement. The contest which resulted
in his second election to the State Senate
witnessed the success of the Conservative
party throughout the State, and it is a
generallv conceded fact that beside? being
chosen to the Senate himself, he con
tributed more than any single man in the
State to the general triumph of his party.
Indeed, so important was the service ne
rendered that it suggested his name to the
people as a candidate for the United States
Senate. When the Legislature of 1870 met,
that induced the party with which he had
alhliated into power, he was made chairman
of the Senate Finance Committee, and in
other ways was recognized as the leader of
his )>arty in that body. When the duty of
electing a United States Senator to suc
ceed Hon. Waitman T. Willey devolved
upon the Legislature, Mr. Davis was chosen
by an almost unanimous voice. The repre
sentative* of both parties voted for him,
over such distinguished men as Hou.
Daniel I.amb and Col. B. H. Smith, who
were candidates. He was elected a second
time, and thus bis twelve years of service
in the highest branch of the National
Legislature will expire March t, 1883. In
some respects the political career of Mr.
Davis was important up to the time he
was elected to the United States Senate,
but from a general point of view it was
little more than interesting. To be sure,
he spent live years*in the service of his
State. Years full of good deeds aud im
portant efforts, he had given freely to it
and to the party he represented. He had.
in many respects, had a singular experi
ence, even then. He had never held a
public office except by the votes of the
representatives of opposing political
parties, and that rule lias held good all of
liis political life. *
Mnu<1 Hllh the Nnjorily.
lie was first elected to tbc Legislature as
a conservative union man, as contra-dis
tinguisbed from a radical, lie was twice
chosen to the State Senate by the same
division of political opinion. When the
sentiment lie represented carried the
State, the Bourbon element of the
Democracy opposed him, because he was
not one of their ilk, and endeavored to do
feat him for the United States Senate by
arousing the prejudices of their clans
against him, on account of his votes,
while in the Legislature, upon questions
upon the proper settlement of which vir
tually depended the life of the infant
State. The ultra Democratic sentiment
thus arrayed against him, naturally callnd
the I'nion Democrats, and many Republi
cans to his support. Both times he has
been chosen to his present exalted posi
tion the Republicans have united with
the more liberal Democrats in his election.
First, because ot his liberal views upon
public questions, and second because of
the issue which had been made against
him, that he was not of tho men who were
opposed to the Government, not onlv dur
ing, but after the war. His second elec
tion was a most conspicuous compliment.
He had served six years in the Senate, and
acted with the Democracy on all partisan
questions, yet the Republicans joined
hands with the liberal Democrats, not only
to rebuke the Bourbou assault upon him,
but to attest their confidence in his integ
rity, honesty of purpose, and their ap
Ereciation of him as a representative who
ad done his State great service.
At the very threshold of public life he
was called upon to take a position upon
many very important questions. He was
found ever ready to pronounce hia judg
ment and take his stand for his opinions.
This very quality covered his record with
expressions that have often been quoted
against him by his opponents, but it can
be said of him that his public as well as
his private life has stood the test of assault,
and been more than favorably passed upon
by those who have a right to sit upon his
acts. His early public services were,
therefore, in a degree, as important as
those hiH UtfTI While in the Leg
islature be aec&d the creation of tho
ytWBt wuuty of and has since
vtrtaalljr feqfh'tfc* thriving'to^ji of Key
pmore than a military at
of the shops of the'TL
Railroad tnere, its mar
spacious stock yards, in \
led, in the proper season, _
of fat cattle from the rich graxing grouft®
of the South Branch Valley, are all his
work, and make a strange contract to the
desolate little place that was, during the
war, an army outpost, established to guard
the entrance to the rich valley which fol
lows the south branch of the l'otomac
river toward old Virginia.
Early in hia public career he took a
sound and unequivocal position upon
financial questions, from which he has
never departed. Almost at the beginning
of his legislative service he was confronted
with the issue of the responsibility of West
Virginia for a portion of the debt of the
Old Dominion. The popular view w*s
against the new State assuming any of the
indebtedness. Despite the advice of friends,
who looked to momentary popularity rather
than justice, he took a bold stand in favor
of AVest Virginia assuming her just propor
tion of the aebt of the Mother State, when
that equitable proportion could be ascer
tained. It was upon his motion that com
missioners were at once appointed to treat
with Virginia upon that question, and his
public, 110 le*s than his private utter
i ances, areas numerous as the days of the
. year, in earnest advocacy of the duty of
j West Virginia to pay her share of the debt.
It has been bis argument and his position
in this matter which has given people out
side of the State faith to believe that West
Virginia was ready at any tv*»e to wipe out
even the suspicion that was desirous of
avoidiog a just responsibility for ber part
of the ante-bellum debt of Virginia. I
have dwelt a moment upon this question
because it is just now attracting great at
«4Qtlon, and it muat soon become a matter
upon ao Yir$init*i is Pub&
life can occupy an ^q tit vocal posltloil. ft
ought to be a thing for Mr. Davis to con
gratulate himself upon, that public senti
ment is fast growing toward the position
he assumed years ago, when it was unpop
UJC1 .
It is a aafe rule to estimate a man by th«
impression he makes upon bis associates.
It is an axiom in onr system of govern
ment that the popular verdict shall be law.
It is but fair to apply this teat to Mr,
Davis, and I hare no douht that he is wil
ling to he judged by it When he sac
ceeded Mr. Willey, a man of Ability and
ripe experience, who hsd cut a large figare
in public affairs, he found a seat on tha
Democratic side of the Senate, and thai
| party in the minority. He took his po
I sition and performed the dntiaa to which
he was assigned with the same becoming
modesiy which has been a conspicuon;
feature of hia conduct in ever "
he was made a member of the Special Com
mittee on Transportation Routes to the
Naturally, the duties and inqniriea of
that Committee were entirely congenial to
him, because it brought him to the practi
cal consideration of a grave national prob
lem with which his active career before he
entered upon politics had mad* him famil
iar. In the long series of inquiries made
by that committee, in New York, Philadel
f>bia. Chicago ana other cities, he had a
eading part, and he impressed the mer
chants, financiers and railroad men of the
nation with the fact that he was entirely
aware of the gravity ot the subject witn
which he was dealing. Indeed. 07 common
consent of the members of the committee
and the public,he was placed second to none
charged with this important investigation
in the efficiency of the service rendered. The
report on the nles of the Senate shows, in
its conclusions, the marks of his work, al
though he did not write it. The sound
judgment and practical knowledge of Mr.
I>avis had much to do in leading the com
mittee to its conclusion/!, and it is there
fore natural that these are based upoa no
favoritism to any sectional or especial
bntrineas interest, but upon the best at
tainable improvements of the means of
transportation for the good of the whole
people. No subject that has been before
Congress in recent yearsj.has been more
important than this, and it well that
Mr. Davis was called to give it his
practical business knowledge, his
nonesty of purpose, and nis strict
impartiality between conflicting interests
and schemes that were constantly knock
ing at the door of the committee, demand
big recognition and Government assist
ance. The service of Mr. Davis was so con
spicuous that it gained him, at the very
thiesbold of his career in the Senate, the
friendship and respect of such leading
characters as Thurmau, Conkliug, Bayard,
Windon and other prominent men of both
political parties, a regard that has since
grown with every association. I refer to
this valuable work of Senator Davis, be
cause it was the first important demand
that was made upon him after his elevation
to the highest legislative honors in the
Nation, and because it fixed his position
among his associates, and give another ev
idence of the fact that he is one of those
naturally gifted men whom each duty of
life educates to its fulfillment. This type
tf man more than balances in the scale of
life the educated theorist, who often gets
weak, rather than strong, under the strain*
of every day practical experience,
XUe sa* vices of Mr. Davis on ilie Com
mittee on Transportation Routes to the
Seaboard were not only valuable in fixing
his position with the leading men of the
nation, but they were profitable to his
State; for it gave him the prestige to ap
peal with greater force and success for
legislation in which it had a direct interest.
It first bore its most profitable fruit in the
aid to the Great Kanawha, and I think it is
the judgment of all fair-minded people that
his influence with the men who shaped the
action of the two Houses of Congress in
those days secured to the water-ways of
West Virginia many of the ample appro
priations Uiat were granted for their im
VrowluK With linrh Ke«ponMlbllUy.
It was natural to expect that Mr. Davis
would be familiar with the questions that
he had to deal with in the important com
mittee upon which he was tirst called to
serve. But it was a surprise, even to his
best friends, to see the facility with which
he grasped the graver and braider problems
that necessarily forced themselves upon
him after he entered the Senate and the
newness wore otf. Neither his early train
ing, nor his educational advantages or hab
its of thought and action through his
whole life, had litted him for the role of a
nublic speaker. Bat they had equipped
tiini with more powerful weapons for use
in a legislative body, ;jood judgment, dis
cretion, and the force to work successfully
in the committee room. It had also given I
him the power to reason with success upon
each new issue raised, or question which
might be presented, and to apply to them
practical iaeas instead of theoretical prin
ciples. The speeches he has made have
been valuable, not for their rhetoric, but
for the fund of information they contained,
and for their clear, common-sense, practi
cal statement of the matters at issue. This
fact has given him a hearing and gained
him an intluence that a man who deals
with mere words could not have attained.
To my mind, his speech on agriculture,
in the Senate, on January 4. 1879, was
the most interesting of all his efforts.
Reared at the plow, and diverted from farm
labor to railroading while yet a lad, he
seems e*er to have turned to the powers and
possibilities of the soil and the treasures
hidden beneath with more pleasure than to
anything else. Almost his first move after
obtaining a foothold in the world was to
purchase a farm, and for fifteen years his
agricultural operations have grown gradu
ally, until be is to day, no doubt, the most
extensive land owner and tiller in the
State. His speech of Tuesday, May 3,
1881, on the dent question between the two
Virginia!, was also a very strong and equit
able presentation of tlie issue in which
the two Commonwealths hare such vital
interests at stake. The attack upon the
book-keeping of the United States Treasury
was one of the most signiticant acts of his
public career. He charged that changes
and alterations had been made in the booka
of the Department to such an extent that
they did not preaent a correct view of the
public accounts, and especially that changes
in the total of the public debt had been
made after the booics had been balanced
for many years. His first speech in mak
ing the charges provoked very general com
ment throughout the nation, and as an ef
fort showing a careful study of the sub
ject, resulting in its comprehensive state
ment, was a remarkable effort. He made
no charge of defalcation or criminal wrong
doing of any kind on the part of the Treas
ury oflicials, but asserted that the balances
had been altered to suit the idiosyncracy
of some ofticer after having stood unques
tioned for a number of years. He was
made chairman of a special committee to
investigate the subject, and the linding of
the committee not only sustained liia as
sertions in region to the changes in the
Treasury balaircep. but made valuable rec
ommendations as to the conduct of the
work of that Department, some of which
have become laws. His service as Chair
man of the Senate Committee on Appro
priations during the entire time hia party
*—' " - body is a familiar
>ortance of the work
make it virtually
Senate, and Mr.
. two yearlyijh
and tj.-'nnaja, tfckU
. again oljti
trBflbey created a kgecial comm
he might Wain the prestige
leges of a chairmansnip. They
him as the first Democrat on
priation Committee and he still
Any man. whether friend or foe, who
speak* wjtfi fairness and truth, must say of I
him that no one in the Senate is more con-'l
spicuons for fidelity to his trust and Intel- I
ligent in the discharge of the duties de
volving upon him. lhese are the qualities j
which, during his whole < areer in the Sen- j
ate, have caused him to win and always re- j
tain the respect of his colleagues, without
regard to political or other differences of
opinion upon public questions. His so
cial relations with the leading men of the
Nation have been a« strange as his politi
cal. Sherman, l>ayard, Maine, Thurman.
Conkling, McDonald, Harrison, Wiadom,
and nearly every other leader of both po
litical parties, has been his friend, almost j
from the beginning of his career in Na
tional politics. Few men have enjoyed a
wider acquaintan-e. or had more entirely
the conlidcnce of those with whom the/
came ia contact, whether political friends
or opponents, lib elegant summer resi
dence at Deer I'ark is always tilled by hia
troop of friends, who come to enjoy his
open-banded hospitality. How many timet
have I seen a do/en leading m<;n of the
Nation, from both political parties, gath
ered under the oak trees that surround his
home? ^Once I met three Presidential can
didates, all his guests, chatting pleasantly
in the summer house, and it is almost im
potvible to go there at anv season, when
the popular proprietor is at houie, and not
j fifld lading men of the Nation in business
I an<J po!!f!* •oJojIdj the good cheer of hi»
I roof tree.
The political position of Senator Davis
in his party has been as emlnen t as his s ic
cess in business and social life. H* has
b«en a delegate to every Democratic Na
tional Convention since 1864, and ever
since he has been a Senator I12 has had a
leading place upon its workiug commit
ter. In the last c*mptign this responsi
bility was made especially oonspicuoas and
onerous. He was made chairman of the
Senate part of the Congressional Camoaip
Committee, one of the member* of its
Board of Control, and tha Chairman of the
Finance Commitiee, with such men as ex
Senator McPona'd, Augustus Hchell and
Ahram 8. Hewitt, as members. It is not
necea»ary, however, to furnish examples
of his wide acquaintance * '
thin hii share to ita welfare and wall-being.
Starting out in the broad domain of Na
tional politics, scarcely known beyond the
limits of his Btate, ana eqnippad only with
thoee qualities of mind which bare en
abled him to bo equal to every emergency
he has encountered from bis youth up, be
has attained a high position among the
leading men of the Nation, both in bosi
and politics. As this influence Increased
with each year it seems to have been his
study to ntflise it for the advantage and ad
vancement of his Btate, while, at the same
time, he was faithful*) all his obligations
tothe Natian. And It is but his doe that
it be said that not a year has passed
when be has not contributed very largely
to the material welfare of the state, to
wboee service he has devoted so much of
his time and energy.
Q«HUm rattle Life.
This plain recital of his public and pri-1
vste lite is by no means a complete his
tory of bis achievements. No less could
be truthfully said of him by a critic;
much more might be expected from a
friend. But before recording my estimate
of His character and career it is due to him
to refer to the crowning act of his service
to West Virginia. Besides increasing his
own interests in the soil, mines, timber
lsnds and business of the State, he seemed
to have always made it his aim to induce
other capitalists to invest their money and
energy in developing the magnificent pos
sibilities of the child of war. He has suc
ceeded so well that the very triuaiph seems
to have forced him to give up public life
at the moment when his influence is most
commanding, and his power to serve his
State far greater than ever before in his or
its history. For the truth of this assertion
look st the West Virgims Central railroad,
the child of his recent creation. The con
spicuous names that sppcar with his are
the best evidences of the far-reaching faith
that strong men have in his practical judg
ment and foresight. He beads the direc
tory, as President of the road, with Hon.
S. B. Klkins, of New York, his son-in-law,
as Vice-l'resident; then follows the names
of ex-Secretary Blaine, of Maine; Senator
Bayard, of Delaware; Senator Gorman, of
Maryland; Senator Windora, of Minne
sota; William Kevser, of Baltimore; Hon.
Augustus Scbell, of New York; ex-Senator
Barnum, of Connecticut; Gen. Daniel K.
Sicklw, of Nejr York; his colleague in the
Senate, Johnson N- CAmden, and half a
score of Other eminent leaders in the poli
tics, socioty, and business of thd country.
The road is built to Fairfax Stone, wlief#
the two Virginias and Maryland meet and
shake bands. 8ix millions of capital are
represented in the stock of this road, which
traverses the Elk Garden coal fields; will
go through, when completed, the wonder
ful timber lands of the Black water region,
the wilds of the Cheat river, and the fertile
valley of the Greenbrier, until it joins the
Chesapeake and Ohio system. This enter
prise, which for years has been a pet pro
ject of Senator Davis, more than a year
sgo fixed his determination to leave the
Senate, in order that he may give more
time to it and his other vast enterprises.
With the chance of a • re-election, almost,
if not, without an effort, he gives politi
cal life up at the expiration of his pres
ent term. The following lettet tells the
Pikomost, W. Va., November lrt.
I have recently received u number of
letters* ami personal inquiries frout mem
bers of the legislature elect, candidates
for the United States Senate, and other
friend?, asking me if 1 would be a candidate
for re-election, and expressing their pre
ference for me, if such was my intention.
To all such inquiries my general answer
has been that for the past two or three
years I Jiuve often said, in public and
private, that I would not be u candidate
for re election. Business is moreagreeable
to me than politics, and I am now engaged
in lumbering, mining banking and firm
ing, and in connection with some friends
who are capitalists, living both in and out
of the State, am constructing a railroad,
running north and south through an un
develoi>ed, country rich iu mineral, timber,
and agriculture wealth, and intend, when
completed, to connect the Baltimore >V: Ohio
and Chesapeake >V Ohio railroads. My
ambition is to make a success of these enter
prises, especially the building of the rail
road. These and other private matters are
reasons which forbid my beinga candidate
for re-election.
In the many trusts heretofore confined
to my keepiog. I have always endeavored
to do my full duty; and I thank the people
of the State, and especially my friends, for
the political honors that have been con
ferred upon me. Very respectfully.
H. <i. I) a vis.
This letter and the purpose it declares
gives an additional interost to what is here
written of Mr. Davis, and fitly rounds out
to it* finishing point a striking epoch in
the annals of a remarkable life.
Unlike most men who have achieved dis
tinction in the Senate, he retires from
public station while yet ip his promise
and in the full flower of his usefulness, both
to himself ami his State. When he leaves
the Senate and turns bis attention entirely
to his business and the enjoyment of what
he has accumulated, the people of West
Virginia will understand how well he has
done his duty to them. A successful man
is always a target for the harsh criticisms
of the envious, no less than of the
malignant. I do not recall a single step in
the career of Senator Davis, from the time
when he was first nominated for the
Legislature up to the present, that was
not followed by the detractions of those
who believe in theories that come from
education rather than the ability that
springs from practical knowledge gathered
from the fields of adversity. Thisjiiay not
have been nnnatural, for even those who
gave him their best wishes have wondered,
with each new advancement, whether he
would be equal to its demands. In every
ease he rapidly settled the doubts of his
friends and silenced cavil. He surmonnted
each obstacle as it was met, developing
some new latent mental resource that
lifted him up to the occasion so easily that
his friends were astonished and his enemies
confounded. It was even so from the day
he toiled as a lad on a farm, and in the man
agement of an estate. The duties of a rail
road brskeman he soon learned. He took
charge of a freight and then a passenger
train, with success; and the agency of a
railroad at an important station, he filled
with credit, after he had faithfully and
skillfully served as supervisor. In all of
these employments, when be worked for
others, he easily met tie requirements of
each new duty, and gsined the confidence
of his superiors, by his easy manners,
sterling qualities, anii intelligent discharge
l^jyery task assigned him.
After iLr. Davis left the railroad com
VilB^Jiosiness for himself, each
same unvarying
4—1 —'-«• »| «kiB It., war was
wlf _
be was <31
politics, in
the farm, the necessft! „
tion educated him to meet _
with conspicuous satisfaction
ia one of the most striking examples i
possibilities open to all who deserve the
prizes of life by winning them, that I can
recall. His career furnishes a inwt nota
ble instance of a nan whose natural re
sources are fertile enough to raise- him to
the highest standard of business and politi
cal distinction, without blaster. All that
is here written could be justly said to the
credit of Mr. Davis by a critic, and it is all
that a friend need say. The record requires
no definition or eulogy.
Ti""*™ who can meik with
more intimate familiarity of bis mooda.
bal>it*, and temperament than myself.
Fof years I waa brought into association
with bim in the eldest relation men nan
hare with one another. Touching a few
point* but with hardly a tbing in common
with him, for we radically differed in
politics and upon almost erery other
question. Yet I learned to respect the
man for the structure he bad built and
balanced on a slcuder^foundation. Ilia
sterling qnalitiea attracted me, wbile hit
serere t u sin ess methods were often annoy
ing. Ilia careful habits and errn exacting
customs frequently caused friction between
ut. But the fire that aprang from attrition
I'Dlv kindled grea'qr rt??wt for hU nunly
ouaiitka. anS •trengtbened the kindly
feeliogf of regard between us. We parted
j-fars ago, with mutual good feeling;
separated, because be waa atrong in tbe
habitaof a lifetime of struggle, and cou'd
not help applying bis business ezantionf
to one whose life had neen free from
method and whose actions and aspiratjon%
could not be tied down by inflexible pile*.
1 bare rarely aeen bim for years, and I
write of bim witb a feeling of entra im
partiality, year* after I could be accused of
any feelingorpucpoaeakin topartiaanship.
I have watched hie biatory, howerer, with
quiet care, aa it baa come to ma through
the remMi of hia State and country, and
have added what I there read to what j
already hnew^AIl "
• 0 \ .
while parting the little mining town wMfe
kn1i«M s AltMMl mil)1
building. 11*& going to tear it'down and
replace Um church with n **hool boo**
that will be a crcdit to th* placa, mad pre
sent it to our village "
Manj acta equally oommendable, bat
leaa known, though felly aa beaedoeai.
could be recorded to hi* credit, if Una and
space permitted. But the ittn of hi*
busy life bera told ia long enough for the
column* of a newspaper. ▲ fair glim Me
of a career full of remarkable achievement*
can. however, be caught by rending tbaaa
linen. Meagre aa the record ia* it make* n
wonderful »torv, and the simple facta of
hi* life are the beat eulogy be can hare.
The architect of hi* own fortune*, the
structure he ha* reared is complete ia all
its parts and proportion*.
Aa* Wkarint XaMTkea.
Lundon WorU.
Many of our common saying*, ao
trite and pithy, are used without the
hast idea from whose mouth or pen
they tin* originated. Probably the
works of Hhakesneare (Wuiabee us with
more of these familiar maxim* than
any other writer, for to him we owe:
"All I* uot gold that glitters." "Make
a virtue of necewtity/' "Screw your
courage to the sticking place" (not
point*, "They laugh that win," "Thla
fa the short and long of it," "Comport*
sons are odious," "Aa merry aa the
day is long," "A Daniel oome to judg
ment." "Frailty, thy name ia wo
man," and a host of otliera.
Washington Irving give* us "The
Almighty Dollar," Thomas Morton
queried long ago "What will Mr*.
Oruody ?ny 5' while Goldsmith an
swers, "Ask me no questions artd 111
tell you no flbe." Charles C. Plnekney
gives "Millions for defense, but not one
cent for tribute." "Flrat in war, flrat
in peace, and first in the heart* of hla
fellow-citizens" (not countrymen), ap
peared in the revolutions presented to
the house of representatives in Decem
ber, 171*1, prepared by (ten. Henry
From the same we cull, "Make assur
ance doubly sure," "Chrlstma* cornea
but once a year," "Count their chick
ens ere they are hatched," and "Look
before you leap."
Thomas Tasser, a writer of the six
teenth eentury, give* us "It's an ill will
turns no good." "lietter late that never,"
"Ix)ok ere thou leap," and "The stone
that is rolling can never gather moss."
"All cry ami no wool" Is found in But
ler's "Hudlbraa."
Drydcn says: "None but the brave
deserve the fair," "Men are but chil
dren of u larger growth," and "Through
thick and thin." "No pent-up Ctiea
eon tracts our power," deelareo Jouo
moil Htjwru,
"Of two evils I have chosen the
leant," and "The end must Justify
the mean#." are from Matthew l'ryor.
We are Indebted to Collcy (Jibber f«r
the ugreoalile intelligence that "Rich,
ard is himself again." "Johuson tells
us of "A good hater," and Mackintosh,
in 1791, the phrase often attributed to
John Handoljiti: "Wine and masterly
inactivity." *
"Variety's the very spice of life," and
"Not much the worse lor wear," Cow
per. "Man proposes, but dis
pones," Thomas a Kempls.
Christopher Mariow gave forth the
invitation so often repeated by his
brothers in a less public way: "Love
me little, love me long." Kdward
Coke was of the opinion that "A man's
house is bis ca>;tle." To Milton we
owe "The paradise of f«K)ls," "A
wilderness of sweets," and "Moping
melancholy and moonstruck mad*
Edward Young tells us "Death loves
a shining mark," "A fool at forty is a
fool indeed," but alas for bis know
ledge of huiu:ui nature when he tells
us "Man wants but little, nor that lit*
tie long."
From Bacon comes "Knowledge is
power," and Thomas Koutlienie re
minds us that "Pity's akin to love."
Dean Hwift thought that "lln-ad is the
staff of life." Campltell found that
"Coming events cast their shadows Im»
fore," and " 'Tis distance lends enchant
ment to the view." "A thing of beauty
is a joy forever," is from Keats. Frank
lin said, "(tod hel|is them Who help
themselves," and Lawrence Htefne
comforts us with the thought, "God
tempers the wind to the shorn lamb."
"Even some of the "slang" phrases
of the day have a legitimate origin.
"Tutting your foot iu it" is certainly
not a very elegant mode of exprwwlon,
but according to the Asiatic Ufwearchea,
it is quite a line point of law; when
the title to land is disputed in Hindoos
tan, two holes sre dug in the ground
and used to incase a Ihnb of each law*
yer ( ?), and the one who tired first lost
Tiis client's case. Fancy, if you ^an,
some of our famous "limbsof the law"
pleading in such a manner! ft isgen*
(•rally tue clieut who "puts Ills foot In
When thingH are in disorder they are
often said to l»e turned topsy-turvy;
this cxprefwion Is derived from the way
in which, turf used for fuel is placed to
dry, the turf being turned downward;
und the expression means topside turf*
It U «*allty.«r Naklag » •'
fti »>i thr litirlivgirm Hurkvjtt.
We csnnot cure tialdneaH. ax a Itald
head I* beyond help, hut if those who
have hair and desire to r« tain it will
advice they need never atiow
the top of their beada.
i* the habit men
and night
night *hirt~
friction on the
Meat* the root* of the hair, i
barren plain, a Sahara, forever
Huppoee the night~ahirt cornea to »
man'a feet, there ia from five to sis feet
of tail to lie drawn over the tender
hair, which, kept up for a aeries of
£eara, would wear out any head of
air Add to tb1* the friction from tak
ing oft the fthirt, and then the natural
xraU hing of the head for . idea a, etc.,
and the hair haa no nut, and the won*
der is that there la a man left who has
a Mpear of iiair left on hie head. Now
the preventive la for men to walk oat
of their night ahirta the front way.
Women are never bald, agd aome
* net-ring mr n account for the fact by
claiming tliat women do noi have
brain enough to become bald. Thai
isa camtmi^n lie. Women have mora
brain and or a better quality than any
bald-headed man on earth. Bat
do not wear their hear ofl by putting
tbeir garments over the bead. Tbay
open the atorm-door of garments. and
walk out into the light of day,aad never
db-turb a hair/ Thle we state upon fa*
formation and belief, and If we aia
wrong we can eaaily be corrected. It
iaalheed that they get eot of Uieirdry
good* different from men, and thereby
make a great saving In hair. Taking
all the lacts there ia only one swuikH
way for men who derffn to rttala (Mr
hair, and that is to bceak off the de
structive haWt of palling their —
rnenta off over their heads.
dated SL
ber M,
tfcnnoil of <
Schmidt, who Ml
hands of Prinoe
flnciwi. lfco
in cold blood,
of Banian dUnK i
the prince will 1m at
extreme penally of tte I
ardly act, tontnuy to
of puniehmeol glvw
such utt. T»f
dred roublee ooahl
Inf of* serf, and*
destruction of a free i
waa a graduate of Um
of Berlin, and can to >
in ltuaeia in ISM. Aa hte
ploma would no* allow l|lm|
medicine in llunia, bo
college of Mceeow
ltuneian language;
year he wa» iwmpelMll
Germany to take firt k
•gainat France Attko '
peace bet wee*.thaae two
came back to Rueaia, fwokaai
mine, which he ereataiaUjr got
and In U«0 he entered the ei
Prince (Jrouainky aa I
ictrator ofhiaeetete.
The prince
(hat In a short
nothing to eu.
eeae, however, wish!
henelf the pro|>erty
lu-rs. obtained a lei
eflM and employed
look after her mte
ment in no way
he did hie utmoet
abandon the mi
but without *ucc
him money If he
hi* wlfeV bunln«
ing bribery end
Prince < • roiuinaky
On several oivaninue
have the d<K>tor'e life
mi (lir m lo say that
nniove him anoth
meaning lead. w'
at Intimidation tbe1
benetil him nor wtww
tunc*. The d,^or1^fJ^|
Influence over tbe m»na
M she had alwmyi found
hone* In nil of h|« b««i
niul the prince thovfWj
turn obtain the •*
wife IfUiln
that ram- he would !»*•
over the aflalr* ' , .
table* of thl* nayoaplUI
rloht-r hy the frw tl
that composed the rw
once brilliant fortune.
the murder l'rlnce
wen coming toward
deuce. Hwm lOoJto*
ing. Catching eight of
doctor sent one ofljia
whom be w a* s paaki ogat
tell hlro that he oould
anyone ■" he had 1
which neccmltated hie
Whilst the clerk w*
priwe, the dinrtor loekf
room, and "hortly *Jte
arrived M'j-J'J.jfSJ
The administrator
d.mr, and moved towi
to wltneee the P'Dr^Vrr*
prince no aooner caognt
than he climbed up on 1
that stood by, broke a
and, leveling hU revolt
doctor, »triklng him In
(ler The wounded n
dSr and rmhed Into
•hunting far help. Hut
on the alert and we*L_
hall, and, drawlnt hto
He II red a "WOD'I ^
The two bulleta lodged^
aide of the chwt and
neck. Attbeawond
All thto took pU» wit
attempt li« to^Y&tlr
breaking the window,
aftel wards the undertnjrt
p#ar»n<*. ^
man still K**"1*"? of
had the barbarltyU toL
watrrln which1 he l>^|
bla wound and dufced
the face of the dying l
Mr. Hcbmldt bad aaeimfjr
bla last when Prince (JnioaUfc
through the dead inan'a po«
which he took Uie secretary
dragged the ebeeC oM tbe 1
which he lay, opened (be bm
er, and, exuaettaf "
placed them In Uw
whole up Into a bui
away ae If nothing 1
He had only taken'* few
, ee In tbe bietory of ieni
W repeated In tbe deaaMfe
''hjDpeior of all H»lMMkw

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