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Published every day En the year. k First-Ctass Morning Nswspaptr. UniveMUly com«(1«i< to be the best ever pub lished iu Wheeling. THE DAILY RK4ilNTk.lt .•xelndlm Sun day >—Delivered tn the City of Whwllnj and aurroumltng towns tor ll cent* a week. In cluding Sonday edition (IH>ub!eSheet -Eight >4 Column*) 18 cento a weak. Mail St-tMnurrioMS ^excluding fhimiay) fcootJHBr free, IK cento per month, or #7 SO"* year. Including Sunday w.36 a year or 78 cents a month. MVS DAT DEU1STEK -Double Sheet Kljtht Pag*»-*t-< olumus. The ffrnt among the forvmoat Sunday newspapers la the couutry. By mail, postage free, H-00. The WEEKLT DEfilllTED-SlxtY four column* of the choicest re»<tlug, wpectaUy prepared to meet the wtahaa of weekly ne w» reader*. Published every Wednesday morning. One vear.jR»Uwe free.ft MODEL HA> Of WblT *W«ISIU The addition of 10 cento to any of the above ri'fa subscriptions, will entitle the subscrloer thf.A valuable and popular work. Address all letters to LEW IN BAKED A CO., WHKKLISO. w VA BrSDAT, 1ABIH W, ISM. Governor Spraoce expects to carry out refonu in Rhode Island by the shot gun policy. Thkke can In? no doubt that this is a free country. During the past three J years there have been two murders a day and two executions a week. Evi- j denily son ething is the matter with the law. O'Donovan H< >s>a acknowledges that he is the bossa. He has added four torpedoes to the hand bombs that orna ment bis editorial de»k, and now prac tically defies the British government. As the confidential clerk of (Jreat Brit ain, the American Secretary of State ohould look into this matter. Hkoaki'IXG thestory that Bismarck 1* negotiating for the purchase of 10, ihm.Ooo acres of land in Mexico for col onization purposes, there appears to be J some question. The estate of General J can (\v>'T amknti, comprising about I.OUM.INIO acres and 500 buildings, has actually l>eeu purchased, but it seems an Kuglish syndicate is interested. Ne gotiations for 9,000,000 acres more are said to be pending iu London by direct authority of Bismarck, who Ls sup posed to be desirous of keeping together a.s far as possible the emigrants who cannot be restrained from leaving Ger many. Hi* general policy of discour aging emigration altogether will not probably becbauged. The colonization scheme is only intended to control iu a measure the direction of a current which cannot be stopped entirely. Mb. TahoB, *ho enjoyed the high honor of sitting for thirty-two days as « Senator of the United State., and who cheated a clergyman out of a nuptial benediction, figured also in the society lepers somewhat prominently, because he was the possessor of half a dozen J night shirts which cost W apiece. No | description of these articles was given, and the public curiosity was somewhat aroused. A correspondent writes to a Chicago paper to complain of Oie omission, saying: "1-or all we know it i the night shirt) may have been linen lawn, trimmed with seal-skin, or coon xkin trimmed with point lace. Km* our minds at ouce by gi^ ing us an idea or how a &£*> night shirt looks. Here is a chance for an enterprising re porter. 1-et him hunt Tauok down, get a I>eep at the nightshirt and gratify a laudible curio^it^^^^ The suicide section of the New \«>rk penal code has got another poor teUow into trouble. JoHX Nichols thought his girl had gone back on huu and en listed the affections of another fellow. Niciiou thereupon swallowed a dose i of arsenic in order to show his apprecia tion of that kind of business. It made him very sick, but he did not die. The cirl heard of bis attempt to kill bim iielf and at once came to the conclusion that she really loveil him. She has tened to his side and held his poor fool ish head till he wanted to get well again. His bliss at this unexpected turn of affairs had just been fanned into a b«hh1 healthy flame when some malic ious person-his rival, perhaps-pre ft-rrrd a charge against him for attempt ing suicide and a warrant for his arrest was issue*). The course of true love seems to be very full of bogs and quag n»ir« 1u some i-a»es. The declaration of the Loudon T!»tr» that the dynamite atrocities will bring to an end all remedial legislation in tended for the benefit of Ireland, is un worthy of that journal. We do not be lieve for a moment that Mr. O LAD htonk, who is a true statesman, shares such a sentiment, or would permit any excesses of Irish extremists to halt his deliberately determined course of well doing. He i-annot but know that the strong moral sense of the great mass of the Irish people revolts at the purpose less and necessarily fruitless warfare of the assassin and the dvnamite flend, so that it would be a hideous iujustic® to hold the whole country responsible for crimes which it could neither pre vent sor control. What is right for Irelaud is as much right whether there are or are not more of these murderous plots. Thev have no bearing on the right or wrong of legislation^ THKclty of New York Is scarcely to he seen by gaslight any more. A cor respondent says one of the thiugs most remarkable In the out-door appearance of the city at this time Is the growing splendor of the illumination of the streets and public squares by the elec tric ligbt. Uas seems to have uo sho w anywhere except in the houses and on the side streets, and, while it is pretty good gas, it has a pallid and sickly ;tyle whea immediately confronted by ita dazzling competitor. There are miles on Broadway aad Fifth Avenue where there Is not a gaslight to be seen. It is the style to illuminate the fronts of the great popular stores with the electric light. It is used in several of the newspaper offices. The Tribune type is set by the United States arc light. The Jferald has the Ebisox system, and the only testimony that it is an experiment, is that the gas fixture* have not been taken down. There are CoO Kimsox lights in the Ifi-rald estab lishment. Our friends who have in vested in gas stock may rely upon it chat electricity, as an illuminator, is making progress. Its inroads upon gas are at least as rapid and certain as those of the telephone upon the telegraph, or the type Writer upon phonography. It is not that the electric light is cheap. It coets about as much as gas. Ita merits are incomparable brilliancy an>i absence of heat. The fact that gas light is so hot will be the salvation of ga» companies some day. THE PROBLEM OF THE POOR. "Hath not God chosen the poor"— and why should man contemn those wHo, by Divine dispensation, are placed in the ranks of the necessitous and often neglected children of poverty. Holy Writ ia full of parables respecting the philanthropic problem, of relief; the canticles of the Psalmist and the max 1 ims of the Redeemer point to man's duty to man in this regard. Legisla tion recognizes the right of every hu man being to a distributive share of the earth's products, and society has be come a law unto itself in the establish ment of organizations for the exercise of cbarity. And still, with all tbe teachings of religion and the decrees of statutes and the zeal of the beneficent, the problem is uusolved. Poverty is painfully perceptible everywhere. There are the poor who shriuk from making parade of their woes as public alms-seekers, and there are the poor— or the lazy and improvident, if you will—who, at every street corner and in every hotel vestibule, make piteous ap peals to human sympathy. Thus "the poor we have always with us," and, it would appear, in growing numbers, notwithstanding the efforts made to diminish the national reproach. The great problem is still uusolved. It is easy—as the Xdrth American Review attempts—to point out causes and con sequences, but when we come to the <|uestion of *adlcal remedy we are as much in the dark as ever. There may be some truth in the Review'* assertion that "paupers are ordinarily poor peo ple, whose poverty is due to them selves;" but that this is uot all truth we have, each of us, only to look within the circle of our own immediate knowl edge to learn that combinations of un controllable circumstances, rather than any individual fault, have contributed to the pauper's condition. "Stieet beg gary" is a phase of pauperism particu larly obnoxious to the writer in the Review, as it is to every one brought iu contact with the unpleasant exi>erienee. The existence of imposture is an estab lished fai t; but then it cannot always be detected. The beggar lies like truth iu the recital of his wants and woes, and there would uot be much charity in tbe caution that would turn from such a tale on the suppositious chance that it was a well-rehearseU falsehood. A friend, calling our attention to the article in the Review, says: "The real point, after all, is not how to relieve beggars, but how to prevent beggary," and adds: "A good deal of alms-giving encourages tlie vagrancy which is so uncomfortable." True! True in every particular phase; but the "how" still remains as a stum bling-block, ami the suggestion not less uncomfortable than the promotion of vagrancy comes up that while we with hold relief from the street beggar, he may starve and die before we hit upon any efficacious plan for prevention of the Uggary. Be not hard upon the street beggar: he is a nuisance; but he is in need. There is a great deal of misery iu the world—much more than we can conceive. Let us scatter some few mites of comfort among the deso late in our morning walk; it will at least give us a lighter heart and a better apatite for our own dinners to ktow that we have provided a scrap or two to stay the Lunger of a fellow-creature. "But," says the Review, "out of every thousand l**ggars iufestingtlie streets and visiting the houses of cities, proba ble not more than one Is a proper sub ject for alius * * * The gist of the question lies there. If a man prefer lagging to work and you keep him from work aud at begging, are you helping that man? Are you not injur ing the man and the whole commun ity'.'" Ah, yes; but sup|>o-e that man were one man in the thousand! This is the old self-excusing cant. They are all a set of impostor*—idle rascals, living on the fat of the land and squan dering the money you give them iu drinking, smoking aud all sorbs of ex travagance. Yes, yes, look on this pic ture. Here conies one of them. The rogue! How admirably that pale, sunken cheek, that haggard expression, that thin, dry, parched lip—how ad mirably ail this is assumed! considering that he feeds on the fat of the land. Aud he prefers begging to work, too. No doubt he has thrown himself out of work at good wages en purjKwe that he mfly feast and enjoy himself in this in genious manner. Well, at any rate, lie may be that one in a thousand of the J?t new'* estimate. fcTake the chance of it. Give him those cents you have just received in change. To be ou your guard against deception, you should be able to discern the real and deserving sufferer. You are, as it were, on the jury to decide between the just claimaut on your bounty aud the fraudulent pretender. In the ca9e of starving you have the verdict of life and death iu your bands. It is a maxim of the crimi nal law that it is better ninety-nine guilty men should escape than one iu nocent man suffer. Extend the same principle to our laws of charity. This man may be iunoceut—dou't condemn him. The I!'~vine's praiseful reference to charitable organizations—Legislative, religious and social—we ar? fully in ac cord with. The good they do is im mense; but they are not everything that is needful. Contributions to insti tutions like these are safe investments lor conscience, but it is charity robbed of its sweetest reward, that of seeing happiness one's hand has created, and sympathizing with the hearts which our benevolence touched and reani mated with strength and hope and | gratitude. Itut, a» we have suggested, the great 1 problem of preventing beggary will re , main still unsolved. There i9 a pro phecy in the Scriptural pronounce ment, "Ye have the poor always with ! you," and humane philosophy and philanthropy should aim at efforts for their relief in the most available ol pr**ent forms rather than expend time and thought 011 theorizing on the unat tainable. THE PI BLIC DEBT. The Secretary of the Treasury will, it is report til, soon issue another bond call. The outstanding three and a half per cents now amount to only $38,000, 000, and it is very probable that the last one of this class of bonds will be called before the end of the present fis cal year. Kesort must then be had to the three per cents. These bonds now amount to £><8,000,000, and as the three and a half per cents are still slowly coming for conversion into three per eents, the total may safely be put at $si00,u00,000. After the three and a half per cents are calltd in. we have no bonds Uiat can be called before 1891, but this $300, 000,000 of three per cent*. As Congress reduced the appropriations fully as much as it did the revenue, and as the policy for the next fiscal year cannot well be changed, we must assume that there will be left at the end of the fiscal year 1883-'84 .not over $300,000,000 of bonds that can be called before 1891. Congress should, therefore, take steps next winter to bring the surplus rev enue of the government, including the sinking fund, down to about $30,000, 000 a year. To take more than this from the people would be folly and in excusable oppression. The people are not able to pay war taxes any longer, and there is no reason why they should be taxed to redeem that portion of the debt which should be paid by those who are enjoying the blessings of the gov ernment in the last years of this de cade. Let every year have its proper burden, and the Democratic party should take position firmly against tax ation that brings in beyond the needs of the government, more than $30,000, 000 a year. After 1«91 we can redeem $iV),000, 000 of four and a half per cents, and when these bonds are called in there will alone remain of the interest bearing debt the four per ceut*, of which there are $740,000,000 outstanding. The fours are not redeemable until 1907. We could in the meanwhile, it is true, redeem the greenbacks and other por tions of the nou-interest-bearing debt, and this will be urged upon the Treas ury Department if the revenue is per mitted to outrun the bonds that ure re deemable. > , HKNOl Kt'KM Of THE CHINESE. Anything which can be learned of a foreign couutry, from an eye-witness, of its resources and doings, is always interesting as well as instructive. Hence the value of our consular reports. It has not been many years since China was an imjnmetrable mystery to for eigners, but every year we are learning more about her people and their indus tries. For example, Americans think that their j>opulation of about 53,000,000 is pretty large, but how insignificant when compared with the400,000,000 in habitants of China. Even the whole of Europe contains only 300,000,000 people. Americans are a bu^y people, and so too are the persons in the vast empire of China, but .the latter cannot be said to be fully alive to the oppor tunities they possess of makiug them selves the liveliest nation on the face of the globe. All their traditions lead to a more conservative life. Suppose America possessed the min eral wealth of China, what an impetus would be given to the business of this country. Coal, iron, copper, tin, lead, silver and gold are abundant. It is es. timated that one productive or availa ble coal field of China, without a flaw or flexure, accessible by means of coal galleries, amounts to 3d,000 square miles; and'that the entire coal beds of China exceed 400,000 square miles, or twenty times more than the aggregate area of all coal fields iu Europe, one half of which is in Great Britain. Alongside 01 tnese enormous com oeus are iron ores in great abundance. Considering these items and the cheap labor of China, who, writes our consul there, can estimate the possi bilities of that country if her people should happen to wake up to a realiz ing sense of their ability to cope with other nations in the contest for com mercial supremacy on seas and conti nents, or employ a portion of her popu lation in naval, fleets and standing (or movingi armies? What seems to be lacking is a spirit of enterprise and in dustry, although agriculture is syste matically carried on, and nothing goes to waste in that particular vocation. Various provinces are, however, noted for some special features of domestic commerce. One province is noted for the excellence of its silks. Another ex cels in teas. And in another the super iority of its potteries and earthenware is maintained. And still in another province glass manufactures outdo all rivals. 2 Strangers are said to be civilly treated, althouKh the Chinese positively regard Europeans and Americnas Jas barbar ians. The people hafe an independ ence and self-reliance pecularly their aud utilizing their material resources so as to become a power among the but are satisfied to reserve their past, without, as a nation, expanding leading couutries of the world. What advancing civilization and the future may do for China it is hard to conjec ture, as it depends mostly upon the peo ple themselves. At preeeut converva ism is the element in which the empire has become eucrusted an i petrified. WHY THE XEN ABE JEALOl'M. When we consider the astouudiug wisdom and accomplishments of the young woman of the period who does not go to college, says a cotemporary, the imagination shrinks from contem plating what she may become when the path to the higher education shall be freely opened to her. It is not sim ply that a young woman has now com pleted at sixteen a course of study which is exi>ected to occupy a young man till his majority. That might be accepted as a natural result of the su periority of the sex. But after the >oung man has attained his P>. A. he doee not accouut him°elf finished. He is only at the beginning of a long per iod of hart! work, by which he may hope to fit himself for some modest in tellectual achievement. How different with the young woman's finer nature. If she has learned a little Latin at school she is already a cultivated wo man. A little Herman puts her abreast of modem scientific thought. She is a musician, having learned to play the piano in the intervals of other studies, and a single quarter's lessons makes her a painter, while a course or two of 'ectures enable her to shame her ruder brothers with her learned converse upon art, literature and history. Without the men's advantages she already knows more than they. Considering tins rapid intuitive pr*• gress in all the tiuer arts, it is not sur prising that men should contemplate with alarm the idea of extending the facilities for the girl's advancement. Thus a young man, after years of acad. emic study and other years of special application, sometimes begins to think that he can write a little; the youug woman plunges in at once and begins pouring her manuscripts upon the tables of editors, while the youth has not dreamed of addressing himself to any larger audience than the college J faculty. And so with many other par-1 suits in which the woman snows ner superior skill in utilizing a capital so small that a stupid man would not think it enough even to begin on. IT women can do all this without eduoa tion, what would they not do if they bad just equal chances with the men? Obviously the men must be altogether crushed in such a competition, and of course, therefore, they are opposed to admitting women t» the colleges. Some of them may say that if the same de gree of actual knowledge and of posi tive achievements were demanded of women as of men they would not find it such fun and we should have much fewer "cultured" women. That is evidently a base subterfuge. The truth is that the men are jealous. And yet the women should consider how much the men have at stake and not con demn them harshly. the or the period. Our entertaining contemporary the Philadelphia Tim*s thinks that while it is a'ways in order to scold atthegirls,the epidemic appears to have raged with even more than usual virulence this winter. The leading preacher in a great church hasjust coaduded a series of sermons on derelictions of the latter day girl. The story has been told anew of her frivolity, her lack of earnestness, her refusal to do her part in making a home, her loss of spirituality and all the other terrible evils which aftlict her, and through her the community, and the refrain to each accusation has been; where are we to get mothers for the next generation? All this has in it some half truths But it is well occasionally to turn around and ask whether the young man of the day is such a paragon that he has a right to set himself up as a railer at the gentler sex. That the young woman has taken new delds of work is very true, but she has done so in spite of the competition of the young man of the period and thus earned her place by the survival of the fittest While she has done this the native young man lias left the plow and the workshop and has sought what he sup poses is more genteel employment, un til these useful branches of industry art now largely filled by person# born and trained in other countries. While the general spread of education has opened up many new employments for girls and they have taken their places in them bravely, the young men have drifted into clerkships or speculation or into the small politics, most ruinous of all. « The same is true in matters of the higher culture. The young man has become listless, or idle, or lias gone un disciplined, while the girls have organ ized book and music clubs, attended lectures, and otherwise tilted them selves for the more exacting duties of our modern life. It is often the case tliat while the rich young man goes rapidly to the dogs by reason of his bad hal'its and worse vices, his sister is en« gaged in the exacting duties of church or charity or in other work which does the world some good. The real truth Is that, the country over, there are uot enough earnest, de serving, ambitions young men to mar ry the honest, sensible, well-meaning girls who aw ready to do a true woman's part in building up good and happy homes. Our family training, defective as it may l>e in many respects, has still kept the rein on girls while it has given the spur to boys, and if the grumblers are sensible they will try to devise some way to overcome this inequality and thus bring the young man up to such a standard as shalHit him t« do something else in life than to stand oil' and rail at the frolics or the frivolities of young women. DOST SPECl LATt:. We have lately had a flood of em bezzlements and other forms of theft, and it "has been the same story in every case. Trusted cashiers and "(Others cliarged with the money of their neigh bors, speculated and lost. In nineteen cases out of twenty, no crime was intended. Had the thought of theft occurred to the parties who proved to be criminals; they would have shuddered and recoiled from themselves; but they lost their own money; they borrowed without leave to make new ventures, and ended as embezzlers and thieves. Most of the scores of men who have lately startled the country by their em bezzling, were citizens of uublomished reputations, commanding the unbound ed confidence of their respective com munities; but the inordinate ambition to get rbh; to live in style; to give their children the hollow respectability of fortune, and to gain the mocking homage of fools and hypocrites, made them venture step by step until detect ed crime aud ineffaceable shame logi cally followed. Don't speculate. Not one in a thous and of those who attempt to win for tune by speculative gambling has prof ited by it; aud many who have not been broken in fortune, have wasted what is of greater value than gold— honest industry. The only wealth that lasts and that is full of comfort, is that gained by industry and entrprise, and every departure from legitimate pur suit* to gain riches is crowded with peril at every step. Don't speculate. \Vf. learn from a gentletnau who has recently traveled over a wide section of country that through Northern Ohio, Southern Michigan, aud some parts of Indiana the farmers are in much doubt about the outcome of their winter wheat. The repeated thawing and freezing during the winter, they fear, killed a good deal. The same gentle man informs us that the high water along the Mississippi will not do any great amount of damage. The alluvial deposits resulting from an overflow act as a fertilizer. Cotton lauds have thus l<een greatly enriched. Iu the wheat regions of Illinois there has been a good deal of damage from freezing 'out, and to some extent this is true of Missouri. In some sections farmers are plowing up their wheat fields and sowing them with t1<4T ri.R.NO.N.4L POIHTft. Fx Sknator Thubmax makes the largest property return in Columbus, Ohio. The man who predicts the failure of the crops is singularly reticent this year. De LEi&Ers is still pushing his scheme to convert the desert Sahara into an inland sea. Mr. Tildes's house in Gramercy Park is now said to be the richest and most ornate in America. Senator Bayard is shortly to g J to Flor ida to meet his wife, who has been there for several weeks. The late William E. I)*1^0 is to be ho a oreJ by a bronze statue, to be erected by New York merchants. Queen Victoria has a good deal of taste in house-furnishing, says Mr. Labouchere, and it i6 very bad taste. A livxly accident insurance agent has issued policies for $700,000 on a single wed ding party from Denver to Chicago. Mb*. Frank Lulu i: abusiness woman, running not lesa than ten periodicals and giving employment to 400 persons. Miss LorisA M. Aloott astonishes »me of the Boston people by volunteering the statement that she is fifty years old. Miss Loviba, one of ex-Secretary Evarts' thirteen daughters, will be married to Dr. Charles D. Scudder in New York, April 3. It is said of Mr. Burnaud, the editor of Punch, that "he jests incessantly, has been twice married, and has fourteen children." Taaoh and Daris and Sprague. There ap pears to be a marriage epidemic among public men oi age and matrimonial experi ence. Victor Huoo celebrated bis eighty first birthday by giving a dinner party to his friends. Sarah Bernhardt was one of th« guests. Mr. W. H. Vanokbwlt has bad the rooms of his new palace photographed, and pre sents albums cou taming the views to his friends. It is said that Kate Chase, nee Sprague, will ia a few weeks leave Washington for I an extended residence abroad with her daughters. The Rkv. Dix, of New York, says that it alwuys pleases him to see a house full of children. No doubt he enjoys the joke on the old man. Mr Edmfxi* Yatks describes Gladstone I as an old, old man, with scanty gray hair and a pale face, half concealed in enormous shirt-collars. * Lucy Hooi-er says the l'rince of Wales is the only man she ever thought she could marry, and she was several years too late in findingbim. I Senator Fair denies the report that he is to resign, but has not yet denied the re i port that he staid blind drunk through the most of the last session. Kaiser Wilhelm will celebrate next Thursday, his eighty sixth birthday, by laying the foundation stone »( the new palace of the Imperial Parliament in Ber lin. Th* statistics of last year's crine show that thirteen persons were killed by broom handles wielded by women, and yet Susan B. Anthony goes to Europe for encourage ment. Miss Anna Cover, the pastor of a Metho dist church in Brroklyn, has decided to retire from her pulpit. She says that she no longer will be a ban to the recognition of the church by the conference. KTC'HINUN. Tiik man who sat on a tack savs that all this talk about the dullness of iron is nonsense. Thk presiding officer of a caucus is call ed the chair, because everybody likes to sit down on him. A man in Brownington takes his family to church in a sleigh drawn by an ox. That's one way to escape the sermon. The question that agitates the young female mind is, "Can the electric light be turned down to the faintest kind of glim mer?" An Ohio n^in has actually succeeded in making a barrel by taking a bunghole and building a barrel about it. The material used is wood pulp. A man has invented a chair that c tn be adjusted to eight hundred different posi sitions. It is designed for a boy to sit in when he goes to.church. "Wjiat is the use?" said the disgusted country editor. "How are you going to make a local paper pay in a town where they hold four sewing societies a week?" Col. Ixgersoll thinks that people are fiLly punished, during this life, for all tlitirsins. This wonld seem to indicate thit Robert's next-door neighbor plays the accordeon. Ik Lord Kacon, as some literary cranks assert, wrote the playa attributed to Shake speare merely as a recreation from labori ous toil, it is a great pity he didn't re oreate more and toil less. "When'll yon be back, my dear in quired a wife of an angry husband, who was going off" in a hurry. "Whenever I pleise, madaiu!" "l>o try and not be any lat«r than that if you can help it!" was her meek reply. The Arkansas Legislature, in its wise temperance provision, has decided that na tire wine may be sold. This is a very wise piece of legislation. Native wine will make a man so much drunker than whisky can possibly do that its use is econonrcal. No won! wnsspoken when they met JSy either—sad or gay, And yet one badly smitten was, Twas mentioned next day. Tlii»y met by chance this autumn eve. With neither glance nor bow. They often came together so— A freight train ana a cow. —Deck's Sun. ' What sort of a servant have you now9" inquired a lady of a friend that she was visiting. "Oh, splendid!" she replied. "He's a (itnamen, and is to methodical in his habits that I know just what he is doing at any hour in the day. He is now probably putting away the dishes and tidying up the kitchen. Come and see if I'm right." She led the way to the kitchen, quietly opened the door, and, there, in the middle of the tloor sat John Chinaman washing his feet in the dish pan. ODD WAGERS. In a shaving match for $2"0 a side in Chicago, the winner's time was - min utes "Hi seconds. The winner of a corn raising contest near Home, Ua., raised thirty-seven bushels on a half acre. A Kaline, Mo., woman won ?20 on a wager that she could chop a cord of wood in less time than a certain man could. For a gum of money two package wrappers at Davenport, Iowa, entered | into a contest. The winner wrapped 3,300 bundles in a single day, using j 4,0U0 yards of twine. A man in a Berlin beer house wager ed four geese that he could stand on one leg for two hours. He fell over in a fit at the end of fifteen minutes, and cut his hands and face on a oeer glas*. William Campbell, a young farmer of Mexico, Mo., won a "wager of JIOJ and received -i cents a bushel l>esides for bis labor, at a corn-shucking bee. In I eight days he threw over his shoulder 342 bushels of corn. A Horror «f the Ailatle Son . Nan f\anciaon Chronicle . A horrible tragedy is being whispered about in the western suburbs of Canton, China. A hungry slave girl had stolen some food, whereupon her mistresw beat her black and blue, Not content with this castigation, the savage brute cut a slice out of the poor girl's thigh and made her cook it and eat it. Next day the slave girl died. The mistrea be came alarmed and tried to conceal the corpse, but was discovered. Finding she had got into trouble, she called the Kai fbng, the Ti Po and the L^kaug to gether and paid them 20 taels each. A* th® deceased was only a slave girl, the arrangement seemed satisfactory to all parties concerned and the matter to ni v practically Lushed up. SAN FRANCISCO. Points tf ftgprest in tbs fiWdei Mte City. THE NOTORIOUS CHINESE OUARTER • \ How the Almond-Eyed Celestial Lives Moves and Has His Beine—The Unsavory and Inexpensive Viands Upon Which He Ex* ists—His Quarters. Editorial Cbrrt-tpcnulrruy of (he Sunday RfffiAer, San Francisco, Cal., March 19, 1883.—San Francisco is a city of about one-quarter of a million of inhabitants. For a city of its size it hu a large pro. portion of fine, substantial business buildings and elegaDt residences. • The business portion is well and compactly built, while the chief residence quarters are laid out in large plots of ground handsomely embellished with trees, flowers and green sward. All residences are built so as to catch the largest pos sible amount of sunshine; bay windows and sunny piazzas abound everywhere. The predominating feature of the en tire city, in residences, hotels, offices, everywhere, is the bay window, until it would not be inappropriate to dub this, "The Bay-Window City." The Palace Hotel alone has about 350 large and elegant bay windows in it; and many of the immense structures, five and six stories high, with elevators making the upper stories as convenient -as the lower, erected for offices and private rooms of all kinds, have handsome col umns of bay windows, giving one to each suit of rooms in the building, and giving the whole an ornamental ap pearance. Speaking of hotels, I run no risk in saying that San Francisco has Betlrr Hotel* for the prices charged than any other city in the United States. There are several hotels larger and better than the rainier House, Chicago, or Fifth Avenue, New York, and the prices are more moderate than at either. And the restaurants here ar» altogether bet ter than in either New York or Chicago for the money. One evening I dined, on the invitation of a Boston gentle man, at an Italian restaurant, known as the "Delmonico of the l'acific." I had an elegant dinner of eigh t courses— everything in abundance and strictly first-class from the soups and fish, through the roasts and entrees to the desserts, including a pint bottle of wine and a saucer of baked cream to each guest, the cost of which was fifty cents. 1 breakfasted one morning on quail and toast—garnished with broiled potatoes and green herbs, hot rolls, baked pota toes, a dish of oat meal and cream, an atuimlanre of sweet butter, young rad ishes and raw tomatoes, and a pot of freshly made French coffee, and the waiter astonished me with a bill of I Vt III IJ • 11 > I Uv II If. V/ll UJ> tuicr >IBIVB to this city I have staid at* three differ ent hotels, simply for the purpose of learning of their quality and prices, and I can candidly speak of them in un qualified praise. 1 give the above in formation for the benefit of the West Virginia and Ohio Knights Templar and their friends who will visit the Pa cific Coast this summer. The best hotel in California, outside of San Francisco, is the Hotel del Monte, at Monterey. The prices at the 8an Francisco hotels range from §3 to $4 a day. For the lat ter price I got a large, airy and elegant ly furnished room, with large buy win dow—giving us au extensive ami charm ing outlook in three directions—with fire place, hath room, water closet and au extra dressing room, with board. At the Hotel del Monte the rates are about the same. Santa Cruz, a charming sea side resort, has an excellent hotel,as has Santa Barbara; but the hotels of Los Angeles and San Diego are iudillerent. Mini rrnn<-l*r» is set upon many hills, which affords most charming opportunities for the lo cation of elegant residences and enter taining views over city, ocean, bay and landscape. As the light frosts which visit the city seldom reach the freezing point, water pipes are run through the houses, gardens and grounds to any de sired point; the grass on the lawns is kept thrifty and green, and the flow ers bloom the year through. The streets of the city are well kept, and street cars run everywhere. There are two or three lines of cable cars on the streets having the steepest grades, and the horse car line on Market street, upon which there ts more travel than any other,is just now being changed to a ca ble line. New Montgomery street is the hanking and brokerage street, the the financial centre, the Wall street of the city; Kearney street is the one most visited by ladies, where they do their shopping,'and gossipping, and* exhibit their pretty forms and dis play their elegant costume*. Here, nny pleasant afternoon, and almost all afternoons in the winter season are pleas ant, you may see a gorgeous display of U-auty and taste. 1 speak of the win ter afternoon because I have experienced a number of them here, and further be cause I have been told that they are more pleasant than the average sum mer afternoon. The ocean winds pre vail much more generally in the sum mer, and are relatively colder. Cali fornia street is one of the most highly embellished by aristocratic private resi dences and grounds, and cable cars run from Montgomery street out its full length. The street ascends and deadends a number o/ sharp grades, which afford* opportunities for the display ot much laste by The Healthy Occnpunli of the uneven grounds. There are no such great palatial residences here as in New York, but there are a large num ber of exceedingly pleasant and even luxurious ones. The markets of Han Francisco an worth a visit, because of the wonderful display of fruits and flowers, and th« cosmopolitan character of the peoplt vou are brought in contact with. ] know of no quarter in New York or anj other city on the continent, where the visitor will hear ho many language* spoken, see so many nationalities repre sented by their citizens and in theii costumes. The Chinese quarter is another por tion of the city which no visitor fails to traverse. After night is the best time to go through this interesting section ii you have a trusty policeman for youi guide. I have made two nocturnal tri|« through the bailding* and caverns occupied by the stealthy-treading, opium-smoking, rat-eating sons of th« flowery Kingdom. They occupy twelv« blocks, almost in what used to be the business center of the city and within a stone's throw of what is now the great money mart. When the Chinese effect ed a hxigement in a block, property ad joining depreciated in value so that II became easy enough for them to g*t at much as tbev wanted almost at theii own figures. White people didn't want to he their neighbor*, and white mer chant's didn't want to come into com petition with them in such business ai thej engaged in. They keep meal stores, green groceries, and all kirtd* o miscellaneous shops. But few inrrlna G*o4a are handled bv tbem, except frest meats,^reen vegatables, ripe fruits ar such other perishable articles. DrieJ fish, fowls glazed over with oil, eg<< coated with a dark air-tight covering all kinds of meats and almost every ar ticle that Chinamen eat and wear, an imported from China. No Chinamat eat* or wears, buys or sells, anythinj produced outside the kingdom of Cblm that it is reasonably possible for him U do without. He adds nothing to ti< wealth of this country, bat is a van 1»i»e who sucks its vitality and sends ni toanled substance back to enrich tb Celestial Empire. He buys his victual and cloth**, his opium and his medi cines—hit necessaries and his luxuries in China, and spends not one nut o that which he earns by his labor in tta ' ci.untry which gives him employment, that he can avoid. He lives 'on one half what i*. costs to subsist a convict in the West Virginia penitentiary, and gets four or flvptimes %■ much per daj for his labor. The stupins is extracted from the wealth of this country and i shipped across the sea to add to the riches of the God-defying Empire. He seldom invests in real estate, never builds or improves property, learns only enough of our language to understand how to make the most money out of us, adopts none of our habits and in no manner attempts to assimi late with the people among whom he lives and labors. He forms as essen tially a foreign element in our political and social systems as a cancer In a healthy body, or a thorn in the flesh. CblsuNS lit*. In these twelve blocks—take, in your minds, a space oflike dimensions in the city of Wheeling, say four blocks one way by three the other—In these twelve Hocks, there exists from 60,000 to 66^000 Chinamen. If the reader will rellect a moment he will And it difficult to com prehend how this vast number of hu man beings couM stow themselves in the space indicated. More than 60.000 people packed in a space lens than half as large as one of the wards of Wheel ing! The population of a large city compressed into the small space of a frac tion of a village! Large houses are cut up into little dens; hallways divided into business stalls; cellars dug down to the depth of 25 to 36 feet and cut up into apartments of every klnd;pav»> mentsand even streeto burrowed under and inbabitated as thickly as an ant hill ; rats and gophers ace as choice In their places of abode as are many of these moon-eyed Mongolians. But few Chinese' women, and still fewer Chinese wives,have been brought to this country; so the men pack them selves for the night ou little shelves in contracted dens without ventilation a» closely as sardines in a box. I have counted eight, ten, twelve and as high as sixteen of these depraved creatures lying in a delirious stupor, drunk with the fumes of opium, ranged by twos on shelves, in a room eight by twelve feet square, and with no crevice whereby an atom of fresh air might possibly steal in or a particle of the poisoued air might escape. I have de scended to the kitchens of their restaur* ants—for they a 11 live on the "Euro jiean plan"—that is, they hire rooms in which to sleep, and all eat in the restaurants which are found in almost all of the apartment houses—I have seen their cooks concocting many vari eties of the five thousand five hundred and forty-seven kinds of soups which Chinese skill has invented; nave seen them using and which rattled in their shell month* before leaving home; have »een them roasting duck* killed and dressed in China and annoiuted witlnuit oil to preceive them for celestial palates on this bide of the world; have watched them lioil, and broil, and stew a hund red dishes, in pans and |>ota ranging from a frying pan up to a JO-gallon cauldron; but in the many kitchens visited I never discovered a chimney or other provision for the emisslou of the soot and smoke cieated by the Are. The low ceilings. aie covered with Krcase and soot, and from the ushcls of filth may be scraped. These places, like the sleeping den*, are usu ally lighted with the smallest and dim mest of lamps, or little candles. I visited restaurants of the commoner order, and sipped tea in others along with the upper ten, and tasted, spar ingly, of shin/lam,, their favorite wine, made of rice. The latter looks much liko Holland gin, but its taste, while aromatic, is more tirey. The kitchens are usually deep underground, without chimneys, windows or sewer age; the dining-rooms for the richer class art* on the first floor, where tea is served in the full fiavor of its first drawing, fish, long out of water, pork, fowls and rats cooked in rancid butter or made to shine with some oleaginous compound, arc served; on the next Moor above is the restaurant for the middle classes, and still higher up for those too poor to pay for the luxuries of the lower lloor*—the tea for each successive floor being mads from the same leaves, re-steeped, until those who get the la*t Hreg* get but little of the fiavor of the original leaf. At the entrance to All Eating llonwo* sets a bowl of chop-sticks convenient for the guist to select from as he passes in. As we |M>netratethe mysterious lahar ynthsof these vast buildings, pig-tailed isolators swarm in our paths, and surge about us with their stealthy tread, hut at the sight of theolllccr's uniform they slink away with silent step. These places are either dimly lighted or in dense darkness, requiring our guide to have constantly at hand his can dle and matches. In a tall, narrow court, with small rooms ranged ou either side, you peer through little windows similar to those in anti-rooms of I/odge halls, and *ee inside almond eyed female faces. It is said there are nearly fifteen hundred of these depraved creatures in a space no longer than the distance from the McLure House to the Opera House in Wheeling. Groping our way through the dark and silent passage ways, we are awire of shadowy forms flitting past us anddisappearingiuto mysterious plaws. Our guide pushes open a door and shoves us in, aud we are In the Im mediate presence oftwo slant-eyed crea tures, one, an old hag as shapeless as a bunch of hay, and with a face of leath ery nue. another, clean-faced and fair, tidy and vivacious. In answer to a question, she says she was born in America, "no likee Chinese," is twenty years old, and never knew any other life than the one she i* leading. She is a slave, having been sold by her parent* to those who have her in charge, T believe (klifM W*nr« arc utterly oblivious to everything like \i,tue; that they have no id«a whatever of its nature. As we crept along through the cells ot this great honeycomb, doors swinging on noiseless hinges, and shadowy forms stealthily eluding our presence, we see hundred* of these depraved creature* like Ixes in their cells, and around these unattractive moths hover numlterleHs fooliah white youths, to whom tbeae My re ns al ways give the preference. These young men are sowing the seeds of earty and sure dei-ay and death—many of thtm contracting the opium habit with the other d« grading and filthy habits of these idolltrous heathens. I)o you wonder that the white people • of the l*aeific 81ope desire a stop put to the wholesale importation Into their midst of this un-Chrinliau and poluting population? A visit to several of their many Joss houses, where they worship their hide ous idols, was made. The room* are generally dingy *nd dirty; the altar is usually of ivory and delicately carved and gilded. The carving ia intended to illustrate some battle or other great na tional event, which happened thousands of veare ago. There are as many aa a half dozen altars and a god presiding over each, in the room. The whole is , embelisbed with much flashily colored paper and tawdry trimmings. H »rne of . the gods are monsters in size. with ver i million cheeks, round, black, staring eyes, and carved robe* painted with the \ gaudiest colors. They are placed in a wene of bewildering magnificence of tinael, gilt paper, artificial fiowira and i waxen images. Upon the altar stands I a wooden bowl of the aalibs of sandal wood, in which Jom sticks are smoul i during, sending forth strange Oriental , odors. The figures are all of Barbaric Vgllasa*; > some are caricatures oo the human i form, others in imitation of beasts, : birds and. reptiles held sacred i in this heathen mythology. Then > are no aeata in these places oi ; worship; no congregation ever aaaem - blea; there ia but little spaoe except i that occupied by the hideoud idols ; their altars and their barharie trappings a Tbuidoliton come singly, seek th< propitiation of the particular god whose favor la desired, light bis Jam alkk and place it la the bowl to f moulder and am ell. YVe-paaa Innumerable barber abopa in little cellar*, where the Moqgollan bead la cleana^ and decorated. Thb work goeaeflfV wwk doea In all tbefr abopa and laundries. day and night, ana never ctaaea. In order toeoooo miae room, relaya of workman are al waja at band to taka the niacaa of those who retire to eat and amp, ao that there la neither beginning nor ending of daya, or weeka,or mooths with them. The lace, tba front portion of the head, the neck are ahavsd, the eyea, ears and nostrils cleanaed. the brows and laahea are triearned and pencilled, the faoea are sevanad and pol ished with oil, tha? beloved end sacred pig-tail it iraahad, and eon bed and plaited, on til not a spot above the shoulder* of the almond-eyed Pagan le left unburnishsd by the barber's art Opium dens abound everywhere In this foreign lands. Two naen lie on a little shelr, their heada reeling on nil lows of straw near together and facing each other. Between them flickers a 'small lamp and each one baa a ctirfooa bamboo pipe made foroookingopium. At the lower eud of the stem in an earthen bowl. Near the lamp sits a pot of orlum, a kind of thick, black paste. The smokers dip a aire Into this rsntr and then hold it in the lamp's tUroe until the paste flues and bubble*. It la then depoaited in the pipe, and tha smoker inhales three or four whiffs whfeh consumes the stuff The prooeae of cooking and refilling la repeated again and again untU Tfca BUMInU Wark la completed. At first tne smokers con* verse in law, liquid tones: their eyea glisten as they look upon the bubbling drug aa they eaok it ill the lamp. Aa the process goes on their voices grow feebler; their talk has a demoniac sound; their face* aasume a oorpae-like, ashen hue; they fell back upon their pillows, aud are now in the land of blissful dreams. The Chinese theatre la without orna ment of any kind. l*lain, low, rough benches ait cioss together In the dirty walled room; two galleries of rough workmanship extend around three sides. The stage Is simply a platform without curtains- or scenery. The or chestra sits at the rear of tha actors, the leading fiddler with a long pipe In his mouth aawx a war with tremendous euergv all the while the plav goes on. The olayers come on and off the stage without system or ceremony, and the gongs and other in struments of ear-piercing torture are made to bang and clatter as loudly when the players are on as wheu off the stage. The voices of the actors are tuned to their moat unnatural pitch, and such screaming aud catter-wailiug no one ever heard outside a field of Tom cats. Tlie auditors set with their hats on stolidly Ifoteuiug and suiokiug. They never applaud, never exhibit a Mign of displeasure. Occasionally a light laugh or titter may be heard— nothing more. The visitor will drive through the beautiful park to seal rocka, where a hundred oca llans disport thwuselvcs; 10 Woodward's tiarden, aud to uiaoy points of interest, of which my spaoa will not now allow me to epcak l.. it. AS TO EASTER EQQS. What the Cherry Creek, Nev., New# calls "the bow* »«Kg" I" on exhibition iu tbat town. Tbe egg measures nit inches in length and three Inches in diuiueter and laid by a Cherry Creek hen. The following incident is related by the Elizabeth, N. §J., Herald: "A l-'oiirth ward h*» is somewhat particu lar as to where she resorts to Uy her daily egg, and fur the past few days has llown into an opeu window ami made Its way into the eradle, which U usually occupied during the day. On Mucctw sive «lays an egg was deposited there and It was discovered only iu time to prevent Its being crushed when Its legitimate o.*cupant caiue to be deposit* eu therein." Kdward Iluuter, of Norwich. Conn., h«s a flock of I Si hens, mostly made of foghorn ami Plymouth Kook varie tits. Ho Is a xtrick acoouiitaut, and knows just what it costs him to keep liens, and Just what he got* in return. From Msreh 1, 1H*2, until March I, 1H83, hLs hens laid 15,000 eggs, or an average of I Id eggs apiece. Of theae he sold 1,200 dozen, receiving therefor $.'175.75, or an average of .'II | oenU a dozen. This left him for use in his own family 1,3W eggs; that Is 100 dozen. "On Tuesday," says the Hy I van la, G'a., Telephone, "Anthony Ogelsby, of this county, brought to our office a Inn's egg which measured four inchea In length and 2} inches in diameter, within which was a second egg of me* ilium size. He says this inner egg wa# surrounded by tbe white and yelk of the larger one. The shell was all perfectly formed on tbe inner egg. We hav* never seen or heard of auoii a freak of nature before. Mr. Ogleeby Informs un that the hen which produced this ca llosity (a a very large one and habitual ly lays eggs of enormous size.'' TO MAKE ONE LAUGH. A fragment of roadaide chat: "Hhure, sir, be ought to be hung. If he'd m many liven as Flu-tar-rich!''— Ijjndoa Tunch. . Something to stagger phlleaophera: Why Is It that a man naturally put* hto pen In the mucilage and the utuollagv brush in the Ink?—Tuck. News down In Georgia: In this con nection we should state that Bob Carry'* gander has plumed its wing for it* eternal flight. It waa hatched in the year 1857,—Hartwell, Ga., Hun. A certain cure: "Yes," said the mother. "I have such a dread of the ocean that I can't bear to think of my •ion's going to sea. and to prevent it 1 k) all enter him at the Naval Acadcmy at Anuai>olis."—Boaton Post.' Enough to satisfy him: "Yea, sir," said a wood-dealer, "I prefer to sell wood to men who do their own sawing. You can't convince a man who has worked all day at a wood-pile that there Isn't a full cord of It.''— Boston Post. A precious momentum: Two ladies were coming out of the theatre. Baa ing the other drop her playbill, one of them exclaimed: "Why, Mrs. Blank, do you always throw your programme away? I should think yon would Ilka to keep It for a momentum?"— Boston Transcript. Nautical: Two tramps, very thlrrty, are seated in a larger been saloon, la. voluntary listnera to the argument be* twM'D two pretty well "loaded" legal fentlemen on the subiert of free shlpa. Irst tramp i loq.)—1"That ain't no Id* terest to us, it is Billy ?' Hecond tramp —"No, Ham; what we wauta to ear about Is free schooner*."—Brooklya Eagle. In the way be should go: "Father," said Johnule, "this paper says that 'many prominent citizens are now HI with pneumonia and kindred diseases/ What is a kindred disease, father7" "Why, mv aon," said Hraitbly, "» kindred disease Is-la—why yea, yea t a kindred disease 1a one that rune through an entire family—kindred* I relatives, you know. Surprised you i didn't know that, Johunle"—Boston Transcript. Circumlocution in love: Young Pease waa "sweet" on Clara, hot he j didn't bave the courage to tell hie love 1 man-fashion, so he went to work In a roundabout way. "Do you know, Mlaa Clink,' he said, "that Cbarlev Oreen la terrible in love with yon?" "How do you know that, Mr. Peaee?" demanded Clara. "Oh," replied Pease, "I fudge him by myself." "You judge him he yourself, do yon?" mid Clara; "well, then,* please judge him only when you are by yourself.'*—Boston Transcript. "lee Pack aad Tundra," Mr. W. HL Gilder's reeent hook, ties attract* 1 much attention In England, and a flm of publisher* In London have jot to sutd the volume there hy arrangement > with Memo. Scriboer.