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Wheeling Sunday register. [volume] (Wheeling, W. Va.) 1882-1934, September 19, 1886, Image 6

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COLD HARBOR.
A LITTLE PERSONAL INCIDENT OF THE
FOl'RTH DAY'S FWHT
Startl*i by a Summons t) Headquarters—Wtiat
tk« Call Meant -A N«wipap«r Oorr«
uoLhd^ot Made to RmJ<> tie
Bau!« Lute.
Fitml H'i/tcMM in .Vrw* Yort Mnr.
During the lighting of the fourth day,*
which was not severe, a headquarters or
derly rode into the hatterv and delivered
an order to our captai u He read it. and
then calling nie to hiiu. handelt me the or
der to read. With military brevity it com
manded him to send Frank Wilkeason to
army headquarters at once to report to Ad
jntant-iieueral Seth Williams. My heart
sank. I bait been stealing haversacks. I
hail been exceedingly impudent to some
officers. I bait )>eeu doing a lot of things
which I should uot have doue, and now 1
was "in for iL" "Adjutant-tienenü," I
repeated thoughtfully to myself, "that
sounds rather savage." The captain said: I
* Wash up ami itci-oiupauv the orderly. 1
tiet a liors» from the chief caissous and re
turn promptly.*'
I iguor«d the Iiis«, portion of th«t order,
but secured the horse aud rode off, pants
iu Imots, 'douch-hatted. tlannel-sbirted,
bionsele*, a strap arouud my waist and
supremely dirty. 1 was ton rte red with
the t>elief that 1 was to be puuisbed. A
certain sheep, wlm-h 1 had met in a ileld
uear Kowliug <ireen, weighed heavily on
tue. 1 ransacked my memory and dragged '
forth all my unlita^v misdeeds and breaches
of dis* ipliuc aud laid theiu one alter the
other ou my »addle l>ow and thoughtfully ,
turned theiu over aud over and looked at
ihcm, regretfully at t»r»*t. then desperately
aud recklessly. 1 knew that 1 ought to In- ,
court-martialed aud that 1 deserved to lie
shot. I talked to the orderly and asked
what duties the adjutaut -general |ierformtst
II had au idea that he shot insukirdiuatc
privates), and was immensely relieved to
hear th:it he was the officer who issued or
ders, a very superior order ol chief clerk,
as it were. "Is h«- savaged tempered?" 1
asked. "Who, tleneral Williams?" my
guide exclaimed in questioning surprise, j
"Not he." he answered, "he is the kirnt
est hearted man iu the army." 1 was
slight I v reassure«!.
J --»I'll ' S*-«* lu i»'. What «lu >UU HUpjUkH* I
he want-- ot" me'.' I do nut kuow liiiu, und
1 do not want to kuow hiiu. 1 have beeu
disobey lug orders. Ueu stealing haversacks
fiom lulautry suldtrrü, uni liave Ik*»-it iiu
pudellt to 'klUir IlliOUilietellt OtfuflN. \oii
«lu u«»t suppose that I haw lieeu re|H>rtcd
to headnuartcrs. do you' "
Loudly the orderly laughed ami roundly
h<- suor«, ami tl.eu I»«* -aid: "Not at all.
No one rari^ how many haversacks you
luve sUiltn, t>\ti*|ttiUK the men wlm lost'
them; and us tor heilig impudent to moum
ol fht^e otlicers, they deserve it d — Villi ;
lull tired uot In* troubled. Wheu a pri
vate is >eut lor aud giinlcd to headquarters
he i.s not going to t«e hurt."
We rode into a village of tents, one of
which was pointed oui to iue as iieueral
Willi.uu>'. Sentinels paced to ant) fro; >
Ui<«clean tuen the* were. loo. 1 dismount
til . hitched niv hors«* .tud walked lo Wil- 1
Imuis' teut J was h.dtetl. sent lu my naine
and «as admitted. I strode in déliant,
hat ou heul. expecting lo I* abused, ami
resolved to "iinlimlier my ehiu" aud to
take a hand ill the abuse business uiy>ell'.
boy that 1 Mas, I Mas re.illv frightened ■
half out ot my seilte*.
I sum a luiiuUiiiir, kind laced, middle
aged uttieer standing lie lore me. lie smiled
kindly, ami iiM|uircd, as lie extended his
hand to me. "Have I tin* pleasure of ad- j
dressing Lieutenant Frank Wilkesou?" !
My hat eauie utl instantly ; my heart went
•nit to Seth Williams, and I replied: "No.
general; I am l'rivate Krank Wilkeson.
tie suiiletl again and looked curiously at
iue. How 1 did vtish I had washed my
laee aud brushed the dirt oil of mv clothes.
He lüde iue to lie seated. ami skillfully
set un* lo talking. Me uxked me many
questions, und I answered them u« intelli
gently as I eotild. » Growing ontidentiul.
1 told him that 1 had been dreadfully
frightened by Iwiug summoned to livad
•jUaeteis, and contested the matters ot the
sheep aud the haversacks. and my niiscou
ceptiou of his duties. He tii«>d to kmk
severly grave, hut laughed instead, ami
*aid pleasantly, "Von are no to lie shot
The crimes you luve committed hardly
deserve* that punishment. I have ealled
you to me to say that Seeretary of War
Hlautotl has ordered voiir discharge, and
that you aiv to lie up|Miiiited a M-eoud lieu
teiiaut in the Fourth Regiment of the:
t uiled Slab's Artillery. When you want ;
your discliarg- claim it from your c.iptaiu
He lias the order to discharge you. When
you gel il, eouie tu me, ifyou need money
to travel on. und 1 Mill lend you sutlieieut
to take you to Washington, ami buy you
suiue i lolhing. Wheu you arrive there,
report lo the secretary of war. ami he will
tell you what lu du."
Kind Seth William». So gracious aud
sweet aud sympathetic Mas he to me, a
dirty private, that my eyes tilled with
tears, and I could uot talk, could not tliauk
him. I came within an ace ul'cryiug out
right. I returned to my battery aud re
sniued Murk upou my guu. 1 thought |
that the army of the l'oloiua« might m in
the next liattle audend the war. If it did
1 preferred lo l>e a private in a volunteer
liulteiy m hielt wo» serving at the front I
rather than lo be a lieutenant in the
I'uited Slates Artillery, statioucd at l amp
Kerry, uear Wellington.
Un on»* ot tin-*- mix CoW llar»H>r day», i
when my buttery was iu action, i ww a
party «»1 horviueu ruling toward* 11» truiu 1
tbf K U. • smiled as I ht* alisurtlity of turn
1 iilinjA aloug a Uittlc liue lor pleasure tilUd
my .«cusc ol the rut unions; hut a* I looked
1 saw that the party consisted of a civilian
under «wort. The paity passed » lone he
hind our guu*, and i" passing the civilian 1
exposed a large plaçant. which was fasten- I
kI to his bock, aud whieh Iwr.* the words,
"l.ibeler ol" the Pre*.." We all agree«! i
that be had lie*-n guilty ot'some dreatlful
«tced and were pleased to see him ride the ,
battle line He was howled at, and the 1
wi^h to tear huu limb from limb aud strew
him over the .ground was fiercely expressed. j
This man escaped de-ath from the shot and
shell and hullets that tilled the air. 1
afterward met him in Washington, an«! he
told nie that he was a newspaper war cor
respondent . and that his otfen.se was iu \
writing, as he thought, truthfully, to his ;
journal. that tJeueral .Meade tuul.ulM.se«]
tieueral (iraut to retreat to the north of the
Kapidan arter the tattle of the \\ ilderness. I
Made was greatly intvased by this publi- j
«atloti. au«l so, with (• rant's assent, tried
to take the truthfui correspondent's life by >
sending him along the hattle line at Cold
Harbor.
One uight of tliese six Cold Harbor
nights 1 was «m guard in the lattery. 1 :
walke«! up and down hebiml the gnus.
Voices whis|ieriiig tmtside «>f our work
startle«! me. Theu 1 heartl men scrambling
up the lit*« of the earthwork, lu tlie in
distinct light 1 made out four. They were j
«tarrying something. They sto«>d above me
on the jarapet, and in reply to my challenge
poked !uu at me They sait! they lovcxl
me, and had brought me a present had
brought the lattery a preseut. They threw
down to me a dead man, aud with a light
laugh weul «»tf. I calle«i to them to come
hack - iiL<nstts! that they should «-arry their
«•orpse awav aud bury it, but they sto«xl 1
ort iu the darkueiM and laughed at me, j
and iusistcd that they had uuule me a pres
ent ol' him. ''Vou can have him ; the bat
tery «-an have hiiu, and they disappeared,
leaving the dead mau with me.
Constantly losing men in 011 r earthwork,
idiot not in tair tight, but by sharpshooters
we all began to loathe the place. At last,
one altertKKHi the captain onlered V« to
lev«! the corn bills between the hattery
and the rode, so that we could withdraw
the guns withont makiug a noise. At once
understanding that a flank movement wad
at hand, we joyiully gathered up shovels •
and spades, and went at the obstruction*
with a will. No. :<of No. 1 gun, an Alba
ny man, was at my side. 1 was beut over
shoveling. I straightened myself up.
He leaned over to fink his shovel, pitched
oves iu a heap, dead, aud an artillery wan
beyond him clasped his stomach and
howled a death bowl. No. 3 was shot from
temple to temple; The hall passed through
his head aud hit the other mau in the
stomach, fatally wouuding him. They
were the last uieu our battery lost at Cold
Harbor.
That evening the horses were brought up,
aud all the guns but miue. Xo. 1, were
taken off. We .sat and watched them
disappear in the ilarkne*<. Soon heavy
columns of iu tan try could he indistinctly
seen marchiug by the Alder swamp iuonr
rear. Then all was quiet exceptiug the
tiring of the pickets. We sat and waited
for t he expected advance of the Confeder
ates; but they did not come. Toward mid
night an officer rode into the earthwork and
asked lowly who was in command. The
sergeant stepped forward aud received his
orders. Turuiug to us he whispere1,
"Limber to the rear. " Silently the horses
swung around. The gnu was liml»ered.
and. with the caisson iu the lead, we pull
ed out of the earthwork, gently drove
across the cornfield, struck into a dusty
road in the forest, aud marched for the
James river aud the bloody disasters that
awaited us beyond that l»eautiful stream.
Y0ÜNG FOLK'S COLUMN.
HOW A BIRD BUILT ITS NEST
UPON AN ALLIGATOR'S BACK.
Tb« Boy« Woke the Creature tp—Al
ways Ruoin at th« Top, Boy*»Rld>
tile and Pu*xl«s—The Night Hawk la
Not » Hawk at all.
Une naturally bas on impression that all
hinis of the name of Lawk are enemies to the
poultry yard, and ought to be killed. This is
a se noua mistake in ut least one instance.
The exception is the pretty bird called the
nighthawk. In truth, he ü not a hawk at
all, and no kin to that fierce family. He is
wholly un insectivorous bird. If you look
abroad in the evening just before sunset, or if
you are up iu the morning d$May break, you
<-an catch glimpses of him flying rapidly
through the air to catch beetles and moths
and other insects on the wing.
So far from being the enemy of man this
bird is u great friend to him. One night
hawk in the course of u seoaou trill kill many
thousands of insects that are a groat hurt to
the turmer. They sting the plums, eat the
ixtru and potatoes, make worms in the wheat
grains and eat the very leave* off the forest
trees. They invade tho garden and ruin your
mother's ruses and your father's cabbages.
When, tlierefore, you tind a bird that gets its
Living by eating ull these nastv insects anil
worms protect it us you would a faithful
friend.
Never kilt any birds but owls, English
sparrows and real hawks.
VV hen the night hawk Hie* in pursuit of its
game it makes a curious sort of hollow sound,
"like blowing into the bunghole of a barrel."
If tho insects and worms which the birds de
vour were allowed to go on and increase with
out anything to kill them, they would eat
every green tiling off the fa«» of the earth in
» year <.r two. Then men and animals would
very shortly all die. Never let a bird bo
killed, therefore.
You will know the night hawk from its be
ing mottled brown, with a whito mark, in
the shape of a V, upon its throat. As it flies
after its prey it utters constantly u sharp
cry, which sounds like " piramidig." It is
sometimes called that. The tail is slightly
forked. The scientific name of the uight
hawk is cbordeiles Virginianus.
A Floating Fernery.
A strauge picture is found in Tho Bt.
Nicholas magazine for this month. It repre
sents un alligator with a l>enutiful fern lied
growing lull and lively upon its I jack. Mr.
John Coryell tells us this odd sight was seen
iu Florida. Iu cold weather tho alligator
bur it» his ImkIv in the mud, in we li rst. and goes
to sleep. The mud sticks fast to his back
sometimes, and plants sprout and grow upon
it, and the great stupid creature never knows.
From place to place it swims with f ho flower
Led upon its liuek. It then looks like a sirall
island, and even u boy would not know the
difference utiles la* looked close.
aluuatur island.
A very curious «ue of this kind is told, in
which a bird built its npsts among the loaves
upon tilt- monster's back uu<l «lid not know
any lietter. Mr. Coryell .says:
"A plover was so deceiveil as to build its
nest in the plant growth on the alligator':)
bock. The living island so freighted lloated
slowly down the stream until it was noticed
by a party of l>oys who were out lishing.
They saw the plover rise from the little
island, and sus|*vtiug a nest to lie there, they
gave up their tithing and rowed out to it.
They never su--pected the natui-e of the
island until they had bumped their boat
rather rudely into it one» or twice and no
vexed the alligator that it opened its huge
mouth with a startling suddenness thut
brought a chorus of yells from the nest rob
bers and sent them off in a tit mood to sym
pat hue with the plover, which was Huttering
about and crying piteously at the raid upon
its nest.
The jxHir bird was doomed to lose its nest,
however, for the alligator, having at last
been thoroughly roused, discovered how hun
gry it was and dived down In search of food,
thus washing off island, nest and all."
Be More l'»rt Icular autl A «•curat®.
Say you were, not you was; it was I, or
we, or they, not it was me, or us, or them;
fewer people were there, not less i»copie;
he taught inn, not he learned me; lie put
it on the table, not onto the table: he ad
vised or counseled me to use the book, not
ho recommended me to do so; sho looks
pretty today, not prettily, although we
may say, "She looked prettily at her friends
white thanking them for 'heir kindness."
Do not say "1 done," I did or have done, is
correct. So, also, "I seen" is a tiarbarism
often encountered; I, you, we or they, saw
or have seen, should be used instead. It is
habitual with some people to s{*Kik of oysters,
or fruit, ur cabbage, as being 'healthv,' or
{ho reverse. Bo precise; an oyster may Us in
the enjovment of robust health aud, as an
article of food, is wholesome or not, ac«.\>rd
ing to the season."
Where Heiveu I*.
Mr. Mackay, the poet, tells us in two line*
where heaven is. It is no plaae in particular,
but just in the heart that knows how to make
it. The boy or girl who never frets; who
keeps a sunny, merry temper, and who tries
to make other jieople happy all «.lay long will
*uake something very much like heaven
nrherever he or she may be. Mr. Mackay
my*:
The world is full of beauty, as other worlds
above;
And if we did our duty, it might be full of
love.
INTERNATIONAL YACHTING.
Tho Slept by Which the Modern Ymchl
Kits Developed.
Now that the American type of yacht has
proved again tho fleetest all oat, it is interest
ing to note the stages by which this degree of
perfection has been reached. When racing
vessels were tirst built is unknown, Hut that
such wei'e in use by the northern nations of
Eut»i>e i» well attested. The sturdy old Norse
chieftains were *> proud of their boats that
thev insisted on being buried in them. Many
of their graves have been uneartbed with the
hulls of their vessels in sufficient preservation
to show that iii shape they were as beautiful
and perfect as anything we produce to-day
for propelling with oars. When the Phoeni
cians and Arabians were contending for the
India tr&de a model of sailing ship was devel
oped which was strikingly «milar to the old
time clipper shipe, which came after. The fleet
uess of these latter sailers, was sacrificed to
the requirements of commerce.
Tb« tirst yacht club on record was the
Royal Cork Yacht Jftib, organized in 179U.
It demonstrated tiff necessity for speed of
sharp bows and hollow gar boards, instead of
the bulging hulls that were common up to
that time. Their yachts were richly carved
and gilded. The next lesson the British ad
miralty learned in the ait of building fleet
vessels was from the French smugglers,
whose vessels could outsail the government
vessels every time.
The first international yacht race of which
we bave an y record was sailed at Bermuda
iu 1S4Î>, between the English cutter Pearl und
the American yacht Brenda. The Brenda
wa^ victorious. It was the perfoi-mance of
the yacht America iu the race around the Isle
of Wight, in 1S.11, in which she distanced the
sixteen comjieting yachts, that awakened
seamen to the i»<ssible improvement in yacht
moileling, ami brought about u revoluti l iu
yacht building.
II
THJC GALATEA AXU MAYFLOWER
The above skey-h of the Galatea and May
flower as tliev appeared in running before the
wind in one of the recent races gives an ex
cellant idea of the number of sails that are
crowded on to a modem yacht, and also the
beautiful curves the outlines of these sails as
su me when filled by the wind. It is lu the
shape, size and management of sails that the
greatest improvements have been made of
late years. In this both countries have made
equal strides. But it is to the use of the
! Yankee centerlioard that American yachts
J owe most of their superiority, and it is only
by adopting it that crafts of other countries
! may sucitKsfuliy compete for the interna
I tional challenge cup.
JOHN M'BRIDE,
The Democratic Nominee for Secretary
of State In Olilo.
John McBride, the Democratic nominee for
secretary of state, was born in Chippewa
township, Wayne comity, Ü., June '25, 1854.
He was in the last legislature as a represent«
five of the work
meinen. Ho was
lucky enough to get
a common sein» >1
education before li<
went into themin<~
digging coal. H*
served his time un
derground, and l«e
catne prominent
among his brethren
as a young man <>l
more than ordinary
lability. He became
v a member of socie
f ties for the amel
ioration of labor,
and was lti yeai>
old wheu he joined
JOHN il BRI UK.
the .Miners union ne projjresaeu uum, «1 v».,
I ha was elected president of the Ohio Miners'
j association, I lie strongest laL» >r union in the
state. He was re-elected by unanimous vote
! in 1SS:{, ISM ami again in l!A>. He wa>
defeated fur representative in 1331 by only
sixty three votes. He was renominated and
elected in ISS'5 by a majority of Faith
ful tu the interests of his brethren, he at um*
t<>ok a stand in the legislature as the chain
pion of laltor. He joined other workingmen
in the assembly in perfecting legislation
which has given to the laboring classes mojv
licuctils than any legislating has ever given.
During the ten iblo strike in the Hocking val
Ii % John McC'alie was the busiest man in the
state of Ohio. As president of the Miners'
association he was kept busy night ami day,
and was prostrated during the winter near
unto death. He is ma*te of good material,
however, anil has since recovered. Ho comes
of gooil Irish Kngliah stuck, his mother and
father having been born in Carlisle, Cumlier
luiul county, Kugland. They came to
America in 1 S.V». Mr. McBride is a member
of the Knights of ]jal>or, and has hold many
important positions in that organization.
IVrelteron llors« Show,
At the recent Percheron horse show in
Chicago nearly pure blooded horses of
this breed were exhibited. They seem to lie
rather taking the lead of the Clydesdales in
popular favor, though for the farmers' pur
l*oses the Clydesdales are prot«ahly sujierior.
But it is "die here lierons' day now. They
are as much a craze as the fashion of toadying
to every thing English. They are l<eautitul and
valuable animals, too, and very handsome and
intelligent.
l-à —v r v
HOKSK KAI II BUI LUI XU.
The recent exhibition was proliably the
most important horse fair ever ht-M in Amer
ica Canada ami the Unite«! States were
alike nobly represent»-«!. The jury of awards
was ap)tointed by the ministers of agriculture
of France, Canada, and the United StaU-s.
About $î,»lUO lu money was given as prizes,
and many gold, silver and bronze medals
were distributed. The fact was plainly
brought to light that Canada iwssesses some
of the finest horses in the world.
The Percheron craze is as pronounced else
where as in America. The annuals are liouglit
up so fast by European nations, l»y Eg>|>t,
South America, ana even Japan that it is im
possible to supply the full demand for them
in France. There are now some fifty Per
cheron breedeia in Canada and the United
States.
A SHIPBUILDING REVIVAL.
I The Unprecedented Demand 1 ui Wietel»
ou the Cirent lake*,
There is at present a revival in ship build
ing «oing on on the borders of the great lakes
which is as unprecedented as it wus unex
pected. It is caused by the increased de
mand for \essels by shippers. At all the
great shipyards vessels are being launched as
fast as they can lie put together Uno of the
liest informell shipbuilders on the lakes esti
mates that this year's output from the ship
yards on the lakes will be at least $-,VAI,UOO.
IHK NkW SIÜAMSHIH SCSglïHAWA.
| There was recently laun<hed at liuffalu a
i vessel modeled alter an oceau steamer that
I niav l«e termed the tirst steamship on the
! lakes. There are other steamers that an
commonly classed as steamships, but which
are technically steam barges or freight pro
pelle rs. lier chief claim to distinction from
other tine vessels is that she will be the
largest, both in point of tonnage and freight
carij ing capacity, of any of the lake fleet
This steamship, the Susquehanna, is XÎ2 feet
long by 40 feet beam,with a depth of about :10
feet. She is built of iron and steel through
out and will be nsed as a freight boat be
tween Buffalo and Chicago, her carrying
ca|>acity being J,SOU tous. Pitted nut with
e\ ary appliance that experience can suggest,
her succvM may Im followed by a tie»t ol
similar cralt
Harvest Girnnlun to the M'est.
Kxcnrsion ticket« to ull land points in
Missouri. Arkansas, Kansas, Nebraska,
Texas, Minnesota and Dakota, will l»c
sold by tlk* Pennsylvania lines west of
l'ittsburg. on August 17th, Septeml>er 7th
and 21st. The rate will not l>e more than
one tare for the round trip. Residents of
the interior States have uever had a better
opportunity to visit the graiu and grazing
lauds of the Southwest, West or Northwest.
For fall information call upon or address
any Passenger or Ticket Agent of the
Pennsylvania Company; Pittsburg, Cincin
nati and St. Louis Railway Company, or
Chicago, St Louis anil Pittsburg Railroad
Company.
Fences cost on most farms each year more
than taxes, aud they are liecoming more and
more costly as material gets scarce. The
true policy is to take up interior fences so
far as practicable.
A CINCINNATI BOOM.
HER EXPOSITION AND HER NEW
CHAMBER OF COMMERCE.
▲ Proceaalou Six Mlle» Long—Th« Ei«
position Now In Progrès* the Moat
Varied anil Kxtenaive Tat Haid In Cin*
clnnati—»w Chamber of Commerce.
The thirteenth annua] Cincinnati'exposition
is now in progress, and will continue till
October. The opening is claimed to have been
the linest show ever witnessed in the Queen
City. From the noise the usually quiet Cin
cinnatians made that day, it seemed as if for
the time "Solid Cincinnati,'' had been changed
into Chicago.
They had reason to tickle themselves and
be happy. The procession inaugurating the
exhibition was six miles long. They say it
was looked at by £>0,000 people, though per
haps it may be necessary to fall a i>erson or
two in accepting this statement of a reporter
1 in his enthusiasm. The greatest of Ohio's
statesmen were present and made speeches,
among them Senator Sherman, Governor
Foraker and Congressman Uutterworth. In
the course of Iiis liappy, though brief, re
marks, Mr. Uutterworth made this striking
observation: "Tbo inventive genius of man i»
the divinity within him, and it never worked
to the detriment of mankind. "
L
EXPOSITION BUILDING.
The beautiful Cincinnati exposition is on»
that artists never tut» of copy ing. Many lino
views of it Lave lieen taken from different
points. It» architecture is unique and unsur
passed.
80 was the procession that inaugurated this
great display of the victories of peace. The
line of carriages was led by one containing
Senator John Sherman and Governor For
aker. In some features the procession was a
sort of carnival show, imitating the grotesque
and the comic with solid business advertising.
A group of byciclists formed part of it, riding
slowly anil solemnly u|mjii their shining
wheels. Among them was a trycicle con
taining h lady and gentleman.
The Zoological gardeu in Cincinnati had
liecii levied on for a contribution gathered
from many lands. A great elephant, with a
load of merry children in a cage upon his
back, paced along snuttiug the ground with
his trunk, and wondering what it was all for.
A troop of living little Shetland ponies,
ridden by gayly dressed, pretty children, fol
lowed the elephant. Hut the part of the
Zoological contribution which attracted most
attention was an immense leopard. It lay in
the bottom of a light cage at the feet of its
keeper, sometimes raising its paw toward
him, playfully, so it was said. Hut what un
awful row he might have raised, a consterna
tiou and a panic, with one little stroke of that
paw. Sj>ec tutors looked at him with great
interest, ami were relieved when he had
jiussed. He was like a ghost story, intensely
fascinating just because he was u littlo
scary.
The floral show this year, it is believed, will
Ite sui |>assit)g. It must lie remembered that
( 'iiicinuati set the fashion of industrial ex
l»ositi<>ns in America. lier lirst one was held
in 1*70, in nu unpainted, barnlike, wooden
structure. The shed was temporary, und was
noon pulled down. L'nplancd board walls
were the background for the high art display
which the spectators looked at that year.
These uii|>uiutcd barns were thought good
enough for expositions in those days all over
the country. We have changed our ideas
since then.
Sjiecial attractions for various days of the
groat show is the programme for exj>ositions
in recent years. Interest had quite died out
in viewing, year after year, the same indus
trial products, arranged in the same order.
However excellent, they got very tame at
last. The modern exposition is more like an
entertainment thuu a fair. Cincinnati has a
very full li>t <>f the special attractions for
different days.
CHAMBER OF commerce.
Cincinnati seems to Ikj having a liooni in a
Relierai way this year. A new bridge and
elevated railway across the Ohio Is in con
templation, to cost ?1U,0(IU.UUU, making the
fourth bridge over the river here. The new
structure will have an elevated railway along
with its foot and iwssenger roads.
The chuniljer of commerce building now
being rapidly completed, is s»*en in the illus
tration. It will cost <«UOttflU Money is
plenty for public uses in Cincinnati. That is
more than can I*» said of most cities. The
chamber of commerce building will be a
handsome and ini|using structure. It is at
the corner of Fourth and Race streets, upon
the site of the old postotlice. It is hoped and
believed that it will be genuinely fireproof
and no mistake.
One of the chief beauties about the new
edifice in the eyes of Cincinnatians is that it
will be i>aid for "s]>ot cash" when done, with
the exception of a comparatively small sum.
There will 1jc ofilces and rooms to rent in it
from w hicli an income of $.">U,0iw a year will
be had. Times have l>ecn sup|»osed to U<
hard since In?», yet since then the trade in
certain lines has increased in Cincinnati some
j>er lent.
A Vrufi'siltiiml Meant) Cra/e.
Washington is threatened with a profes
sional beauty craze during the owning winter.
Several of the Republican senators' w ives are
sure th«.y know one or two young women
po:*«ssing charms of face au<l tiguiv quite
equal to those- of Jlrs. Cleveland, and they
pro|*ose to invite their beauties to vi-it Wash
ington during the next session, and eclipse tha
White House mistress.—Washington IAtter
Absorbents in Stable»,
In lwt weather the droppings of animals
confined in stables ferment very quickly, ami
therefore absorbents are necessary, not only
to save waste of fertilizers, but for the com
fort anil health of animals. Some tiling is
wanted, not merely to hold liquid excrement
from waste, but to alisurb its odors. Straw
makes good Uilding, but it Is next to worth
less for this purpose. Dry earth is the l<est
absorbent, and it may l>e got anywhere on
much traveled roads, and in the country
from fields. When returned to the field, as it
should be, the dry earth will be found an ex
celient fertilizer. A very thin covering of
earth is enough, and the manure may be
•cra^ied hi heajjs so as to leave a smaller sur
face to cover. Coal ashes will answer the
same purpose, but are not so good us dry
earth.
When to Pick Fears.
It would seem that people who grow pears
should by this time have learned when to
pick them, but such is not the case with
many. Every season, and already thii
season we have seen illustrations of the error,
pears are allowed to ripen ou the tree. Wheu
pears have reached their growth and will
separate from the twig without breaking the
stem, they are about ready to pick. Picked
thus and allowed to ripen in the house, shut
out from the light when possible, they will be
at their best. If allowed to ripen on the tree
they are sure to be greatly deficient in fiavor
and often rot at the center, while the ex
terior is still fair. Watch your (lears and
pick them in time.
/ AN OLP WAR HORSE.
Th* Démocratie Nomine« for Oor«rH9»
of Tcut.
' ■
LAWRENCE SULLIVAN BOSS.
Mr. Ross, who was recently nominated
, unanimously by the Texas Democratic state
1 convention for the office of governor, was
I born iu Bentonsport, Ind., Sept. 23, 1838, but
spent his boyhood and early manhood in
I Texas. At the age of 19 he entered the Flor
I ence Wesleyan college, in north Alabama,
I where he graduated with honors in the class
I of 1S58. During hi« vacation he conceived
1 the idea of going to the frontier on an ex
j pedition aguinst the Comanches, who were
I committing numerous atrocities on the
I settlers. After reaching the scene of their
! operations, his regiment bad a blood) en
gagement with the Indians, which resulted in
I their defeat. An incident of this expedition
I wa* the rescue of a little white girl who had
j been for some time held in captivity by the
Indians. Her parents being unknown, Mr.
Koss charged himself with rearing and edu
cating the orphan, sending her to a female
seminary, where she proved herself in every
way worthy of the caro bestowed upon her.
j She is now the wife of a wealthy merchant
of I/js Angeles, t'al. While Mr. Koss was
victorious in the engagement with the
Indians he did not come out unscathed, l>eing
I badly wounded in the arm by a rifle ball,
und also in the side. In 1850 ho was placed
in command of the frontier l»y Governor Sam
Houston, with sixty men under his charge.
Having established his post, he proceeded on
another expedition against the Comanches,
and scored a complete victory. At the
breaking out of the late civil war Gen. Koss
resigned his commission and entered the com
pany of Capt. Peter F. Hoss as a private.
He participated in 135 engagements, had
seven horses shot under him, and came out
of the war a brigadier general. In 1873 he
was elected sheriff of McLennan county ; in
1875 he was elected to the constitutional con
vention, and in 1881 ho was elected to the
stato senate.
A BASEBALL TROPHY
J<'or tliu \V iiiiiIiiTeam uf the American
\ »nxi.it loii.
The bas»* liai I trophy, for the winning team
of the American association, was ordered by ,
Eras tus W'iman for two purpose^ first, to
show that he had no ill feeling towards the j
members of the association I »Vituse of the
bitter legal tight which lie encountered on
entering it, and second, us a .stimulant to ex
traordinary exertion b\ the various clubs in
order that they might jiosses» so valuable a
work of art It was, of couivi. expected by
i
J
AMERICAN" ASSOCIATION TKul'IIY.
Mr. Wiman tUat his own club, tin« Metro- j
politaus, would have a prospect of winning 1
ami retaining the trophy, hut their inisfor
J tunes unci poor play have long ago caused liii'n
to abandon that hope. Nevertheless, he fully
I expects in subsequent years to l»e the holder
: of the trophy, simply because ho has made
up his mind to have the best club that money,
I ability and an attractive location can secure.
I New York is the greatest baseball city in tho i
world. There are more people of leisure in I
that city than in any other on the continent,
and the growing interest in baseball con
stantly enlarges the area from which nuJi*
enees at good matches can be drawn from.
For this season Mr. Wiman has provided u
baselwll ground on Stuten Island that is |
equal to anything of tho kind anywhere. It !
is only a half hour's sail from New York city,
and tho multitudes that have visited it this I
season attest the far-sightedness of Mr. !
Wiman in preparing for them. Mr. Wiman
is an enthusiastic lover of out door sports, j
This trophy which ho presents is worth $1,0UU.
One of the 14»test Devices for Protecting
At the recent naval operations at M il ford j
Haven, England, tho chief interest centered j
in torpedo warfare.
EXPLODING TORPEDOES.
it Harbor.
' " I — -• vv "»i » 1
EXPLOUINO A SUBMARINE MI.VE.
A novelty in harltor defense is shown in
the illustration. The officer is standing in a
bomb proof shelter on shore watching tbo
movements of a hostile fleet in the harbor i
through a telescope. This telewoj»e is so ad* !
justed that on moving it to follow the course j
of tbe vessel a metallic pencil is moved oyer a ;
plate of glass in a line corres|ioiidiiig with tho '
path of the vessel. As the vessel approaches j
a submarine mine it is shown on the glass by '
the pencil moving toward a series of metallic I
buttons inserted in the glass and corresi*>nd- |
ing with the location of the different mines in
the harbor. When the vess*l is immediately [
over a mine tb<- |»-n< il and a button come ia '
contact and the mine is exploded. The re- !
cent trials of this system proved that as it
perforated the woi k automatically there was 1
no dang*r ol* a premature or laulty explosion |
through the lai \ou-.i.ess of the ojierator.
Thp Roys.
When my boys got to lie 14 years old I laid
aside every week $1 for each of them to be
considered as wages. When they wanted
some new clothes I took them into town and
let them pick out sample« themselves and get
just what they wanted. The money for the
clothes came out of their wage money, and
other expenses were figured in the same way.
The plau worked well in every way. My
boys got an idea of business that has stuck to
them. Too many boys are just taught to lie
and steal by their fathers. 1 know men who
tell their bovs they must not touch an apple,
or a i-«sa< b, ur any other fruit. Who ever
I yet beard of a l>oy who could keep away fro«
fruit when he really wanted it and it was
right befoiv him? 1 wouldn't give a cent for
stu b a boy even if lie conkl be found. A
wise man will have a liarrel of fruit ojiened
ami tell the I my s to go and get what they
want If tliev do thi-. tltcre won't I** any
sneaking alunit to get an apple, or any trying
to hide the fa t after th" cpt<l<' has Urn
taken. Be fair and hn:avt with the l«»y* il
you want them to make men.— S. H. K. ir:
Rural New Yor!a-r.
"Look Out for Ohl«».**
Rhkisueiei.ii. O., September 14. —Rev.
A. B. l>et>nard. the leader of the Prohibi
tionists in this State» was «-tiled upon by a
reporter this morning to get his views on
the result of the Maine election. Mr.
I>eonard refused to lie interviewed, but
said: "Whatever may have l»eeu the re
sult in Maine, look out for Ohio.''
OCEAN TRAVEL IN 1886.
FAST STEAMERS, CHEAP FREIGHTS.
ENGLAND'S OCEAN MONOPOLY.
Strenge Profits—Tb« Tramps of the Sea.
8**5,000,000 Speut Abroad Yearly by
Americana— EnglUh Hallway Peculiar!«
tie«—The Penny Vertut the l>ollar.
[Special Correspondence. J
Ixmax Steambr, City or Richmond, )
Atlantic Ocean, 373 miles
from Queekstown, Sept J
1 aui writing this letter in the cabin of a
big ocean steamer. My light comes from u
little round porthole the size of a tin wash
basin, and the cabin is of the size of a 6x10
ha!i bedrooLi. My only furniture is a camp
stool, a sofa and two beds whish run along
the wall like the berths of a sleeping car. one
above another. At the back of the room
there« i> a stationary woshstand, and over this
a r.'xU inch i'Xiking glass in a walnut frame.
The iron ceiling of this room is alout seven
feet from the floor. It is studded with the
head* of rivets as big as an old-fashioned
cent, and, like the rest of the room, is painted
white. A silk portiere swings to and fro in the
breeze from its brass roil over the door, ami
the color of this, like that of the curtains of
my little round window, are crimson. A
pieoe of brussete carpet covers the floor, and
an electric button at the side of the door
will bring me a servant at the touch of my
finger. I take my three full meals a day in
a dining saloon us large as that of a good
sized hotel, und 1 have a promenade walk
about the upper deck seventeen times of
which makes just one mile. My company is
made up of eighty ladies and gentlemen and
boys and girls of all ages, complexions and
sizes, from the little lK-inonths old baby, who
is going to Belfast with her grandfather, u
memlier of the Produce Exchange of New
York, to the stiff, gray-haired supreme court
judge of Connecticut, who is about to visit
his son, the consular clerk at Jjverpool.
Then there is the population of the second
cabin, who have quarters below as in tho
stern of the boat, and the hundreds in the
steerage, who are below on the other side
near the prow. All classes seem to lie happy.
We have had no rough weather, though wo
are now beginning our ninth day at sea, and
the tiine, with reading, chatting, walking,
sleeping and eating, flies as fast as it does on
shore. To-morrow we will lie at yueenstown,
and the day following the ship will lie in the
docks at Liven tool.
' i ll. •<I.mill tl„.
VSVW» HU.w. - • ~i J D O»
steamboat is improving as fa>t as the railroad
train. The lirst oecau steamer was liuilt
near Now York in 1S11.», and she made u trip
across the Atlantic 0110 yeur later. She »as
named the Savunnah; she was of .'WO tons
burden, ami when slit> eaine into Liverpool,
after a passage of twenty dive days, she wus
the wonder of «II the world. The big ocean
steamship of to-day is of from 4,t*W to S,(KX)
tons, and she makes her |>assagc from Now
York to Queenstown iu troiu six days and u
few hours to twelve or thirteen days. St tint*
shipowners now assert that the passage
across the Atlantic* will soon be made in four
»lays, and the engineer of this vessel tells mo
that fast oeean travel is fully as sate, though
more expensive, than Mow travel The coal
consumed by the seven days' steamers is
nearly three times as much as that consumed
by the ten days' steamers, and fuel is one of
the largest items in the cost of steamship
travel Some of the fast Cunard steamers
burn »40 tons of coal n day, whereas the City
of Richmond, of about the same size, but a
ten days' steamer, requires only from IIA) to
1!0 tons lier day. It costs al«iut $•"» a ton
to buy this coul und put it in the furnaces of
the ship's engine», >0 that the dilferenee lie
I ween the seven days' and ten day s' steamers
in the cost of coal uloiie is over $ 1 ,000 jnr
day
< an you appreciate how muck îîOU tons of
coal a day means? Fifteen tons of coalisa
yearly allowance for u snail fumily in an
eight room house. The daily consumption of
the Klruria would keep twenty such families
for a year and the 1,000 tons which this ship
carrie-; on each trip, would more than supply
a \ illage of eighty families for that time.
The coal used here Ls slack. It is stored in
great vaults and lifty-four men are required
to put it in the furnaces. The ship hua twenty
seven furnaces, each of which is as big around
a< a ton of hay on the farmer's wagon und
alxRit twuv as long. They are away down in
the Itottom of the «thip, and as 1 crept in and
out among them yesterday, by the aid of the
chief engineer and his lantern, and saw the
blaze of their entrances, felt the consuming
heat of their surroundings und talked with
the sweaty, sooty inen who were kvpt at
them ull day shoveling coal, LMuto'» Inferno
did not seem very far oir anil Hade« w as jier
souifled iK'fore me,
The faster 'learners have 100 men to attend
to their furnaces. They must l»o kept going
night and day and the labor is very hard.
The furnaces are ho hot that the men must
drink gnat quantities of wnter, und here
they mix the water with oatmeal und each
man consumes gallons daily. This is neces
sary to keep up the perspiration. In such u
heat if a man cannot sweat he will die.
This immense cost of coal in the great
ocean steamer* has given rise to a class of
cheajier steamers, which Mr. Shauglcur, a
leading cotton t>hlp|ier of Georgia, tells me
are know n us the "tramps of the *?a." Tin y
are cutting the life out of the carrying trade
of the more exjiensive lines, and have made
freight rates materially lower. These bouts
are iron shells with just euough machinery
ami furnishing to run thetu. They do not
carry pastengei-s, and they can get along un
about twenty tons of coal a day. They have
crews of fioin twelve to twenty hands to run
them, and they will go anywhere to get u
cargo, und will carry it any place if paid for
it. It used to be that cotton fhipjied to Eng
land had to lie arranged for as toi an luge long
beforehand. Now the ocean sttmmers wstl
take it at any time. If they do not the ship
per has only to telegraph for one of thesL« cea
tranqis, and he will come and take it for him
ut as low a rate and under as good insurant 0
a« the great lines. These; sea trampe» don't
care where they go so they have a cargo.
To-day they may land at i,ivi i-jmol with a
ship load of cotton and wheat, und next week
lie sailing out from Kngiand with supplies lor
the ( ongo valley. They are owned, 1 am toid,
by responsible parti«-., and can make money
on freight rates which would ruin theL'una/d,
♦ 1... .... f hu Kf„,.
Freight rates or«' now very low, raid few of
the big steamships liaes art- making money.
Cotton is taken to Europe for u littio over •<>
a bole or less than one cent a |iound, an<l (he
freight of baeon is n<jt much over a ton.
This ship carries gnat quantities of fresh
meat and cheese, and it has refrigerators
which will carry 4<JU ton* or auu,uj<i|ioundi of
fresh meat. Tins is ulmust entirely of Iwef
The cattle ure killed and dressed in New York
the night !<cfui*> tho steamer leaves, and the
meat is se wed up in cloths and hung up in
the refrigerators. Engines keep a draft of air
rushing through the meat during the whole
ten days' passage, and when it is landed at
Liverpool it is in better condition than whet
it stalled.
Une of the greatest receipts of these bi>:
steamship lirns comes from their stt*rag<
passengers, or the emigrants. This ship cur
carryover 1 ,UUU steerage passeugers, ut il i:
actviiiai< »lutea them very well, putting uieu
and women by themselv««, and having sej>
•rate a|ciitments fur married people. The
migrants bring their own l«ds and U-dding
and their dishes, the last of which are often
of tin. Tho ship feeds them, and it tan give
them plenty of bread, lAittcr, sfHifw and frc^h
moat every day, at a cost jier jwssenger of
thirty cent«, or &Î for tho trip. It charge«
$i" !>er pos*>nger, and has bencc flT to if Id
to its receipts. One thousand steerage jais
sengers at ?17 ei|uaL ïlT.ouo, which g<ies a
gnat way toward {•uying the exiieus** of
agents aud advertising, und stiii U av es a hand
some profit.
Lact year over sUvrage jiassengers
were brought to Amerua, «hi<h, at tJU,
woukl make $ô,»XJU,i«K.) paid out by emigrants
to the steamship companies. Of tl«**
in round numbers, came by tin; North Ger
man Lloyd from Bremen, and twenty old
thousand each by tlie lied Star, White Star
and Inman lines. Tho Cunord carried only
1»5,UUU, and the other great line* les... The
North German Lloyd lemls tlie ».hips of the
world as an Amerv-an emigrant line, but this
is probably due to the fact that the bulk of
emigrants come from the German countries.
Returning to the speed of ocean veas-Ls,
Mr. Alexander Farliuger, one of our Cana
dian ittsseugers. tells me that Mr. Thomas
Stevens, the head of the Canada Faci'ic
railroad, is having a line of fast steun.fi ,
built to connect England with his railroad.
The passage by them will be shf>rt*-r than that
to New York, and they are to lie made fast,
without regard to expense. Mr. Far
linger characterizes Stevens as the Vandt rbilt
of the Canadas and tuys he has made a g» cat
fortune out of the Canada Pac&c.
The fastest Atlantic steamer m thé world at
present is tho Etruria, which arrived in Kew
York in August, 1SS5, within six days, five
hours and thirty-one minutes after leaving
Queeustown. Ten years ago a ten days' pas
sage from New York to Liverpool was looked
upon as very fast traveling, and when in
1883 the Alaska left Europe on one Sunday
morning and landed her passengers in Castle
Garden on the next Sunday it was a nine
days' wonder. Still in 1881 the Arizona made
thirteen successive trips, each of which was
under eight days, and there are now eight
ships which have made the passage one or
more time* iu less than seven days. These
are the Oregon, six days nine hours; the
Alaska, six days sixteen hoars; the America,
six days fifteen hours; the Umbria, six days
fifteen hours; th« Sorvia, «Ix days twenty -
three hours; th« City of Rome, six days
eighteen hours; the Aurania six days
twenty-three hours and the Etruria, six days
five Lours. The most of the^e are new ships.
They are of a different build from the slower
vessels, have more powerful machinery, and
cost more. They also roll more as a rule, i
am told, and are hence more conducive to
sea sickness.
It is wonderful how Great Britain owns tho
ocean and how she increases her aquatic pop
ulation every year. In the days of sailing
vessels she ruled the seas, and now her steam
whistles screech out the prices of tho world's
freight market Two-thirds of the steam
: tonnage of the world is carried under the
British fiag, and within the past ten yean
she has increased the amount of her steam
vessels 3)1 per cent. The United States has
increased her tonnage in this time only ti |>er
' cent., and whereas in 1S7U wo had one-third
as many stuam vessels as Great Britain,
now we havtt only one-twelfth. Of all the
great shipping countries of the workl, the
United States advances Um least Ten years
ago we had a tonnage five time« as large as
Germany and twice as large as FYanre ; to-day
Germany has a larger steam tonnage than the
United 8tates, and France has two-fifths
more vessels than we have. Tho steam
merchant acrvice of Great Britain, Franco,
Norway and Sweden, Italy, Spain, Holland
and Russia has increased at the rate of from
i&i jier cent, in the case of France, to IMO per
cent., in the case of Norway and Sweden iu
the last decade. The United States alone re
mains stationary, and all the world seems to
be feeding off of her.
Tbo passenger travel across uio Auanuc is
a small item in the economy of ocoan traffic,
but of tho 5(i,000 Americans whom, the purser
of this ship estimates, go a. tu» the water in
the first cabin every year, IV-100 travel in
foreign shipb aiul they pay at least $5,OÜO,OUJ
for their round trip tickeU. Estimating tliat
each spends $400 in Europe, they take out of
the United flat«; £J5,000,000 every year.
John Bull understands pretty well how to
get his fingers into Undo Sam's jtoekuts, and
it is curious to note tbo catch-penny ways in
which he dot« so. The great railroads of
Kiighuul publish jMirtn of their guide« es
pecially for the Americans, und hi the cabin
anil smoking room of every ocean steamer
you will lind a bushel or so of their guide«,
, each of which will teach you how to got rid
of your dollar* to the best advantage. You
will see that the roads have trains labeled the
American expresse«, and some go even so fur
as to laliel their engines after our |ircsideutH.
Onu engine is put down as named afUt "Presi
dent Washington," another '•President Lin
coln,'' and a third "President Garfield."
The hotels in Liverjxtol advertise that they
jtay "sjiecial attention to tlie wants of Ameri
can ladies," and the railroads running from
Liverpool to Loudon will make up s(K>cial
trains to take fifty Americans thero imme
diately on the arrival of tho steamer, if they
i will |»ay first-class fares. • Pullman cars ait»
attached to theso trains, and I sew that one
line mentions as one of its advantages that it
puss«« through the town where George Wash
ington's ancestors lived.
The English railways advertise better than
' the American, and they give a greater
amount of information and greater induce
ments to travelers. Each of the great roods
, manages tho express bnsinem of its line, as
j the Baltimore and Ohio docs in tho United
States. It has its own hotels at tho larger
stations, and in most canes has omnibus and
carriage lines in its larger towns. It {Hits
down in its guide liook of time tables the
prices for every station, first, socoiul aiul
third-class, and also the return faros, and
gives its rates for carrying freight and ex
press matter.
A number of these big railway guides lio
before me »ls 1 write, und tho book of each
road is as big us our travelers' otllcial rail
way guido and about twice tho size of the
j yellow guide to American railways, known
as K:uul & Mi Nolly's, or as thick as two cop
tes of Harpers' Magazine and about the Mime
size pages. Ln them buying tickets is called
Istoking, baggage is knowu as luggage, bag
gage car as luggage van, and car as car
riage. They aie lull of strange things to the
American traveler. Special rates are made
to parties of two, lieUer rates for jtartii« of
three, and half rates in some cases to parties
of thirty. There aro scores of advertisement*
of return tickets, season tickets and circular
tours at reduced rates, and the season tickets
cost more « hen they are good for six months
than for three. Hero ou ono railroad I see
that médical students, scholars, teachers, ap
j prentice* and articled clerks under 1W ure
wrried at lmlf rates if they buve |ia|ier*
with them showing that they aro bona tide
! employes or teachers.
The railway law* of England seem to lie all
mado in favor of tho ruilroads. I am fold
!that |jarliament has i>assed 4,000 separate acts
relating to her railways, and that they ure at
great and as dangerous mono]toiies in <treat
Britain as in America, There is thirty-live
hundred millions of dollars of capital invested
j in them, and they carry a iiumlter of paawn
j gel's every year equal to ten times ttie entire
' population of the United States. They ha vu
I only one-sixth as innuy miles of track a» the
I United States, and < arry nearly twice tu
j many passengers. Their capitalization ii
I alsnit one half of tiiat of our railrtuds and
I they employ ulxjut one third the men atal«>ut
half the wage». Under such conditions it is
I no wonder they make money, and ha\ing
money it is no wonder that they influence leg
islation. The Midland railway of England
; makes over In per »-eut. yearly on a capital
, of ulmiit jAm,UW,UUU, and it advertises the
fact in its LTindes.
Hut HS to these railway law»—they uro
noted in each guide and I mention only u f<-w
of tljc most striking. Refusing to give ii|j
j our ticket when asked by official of com
|*uiy, tin« of £'J or $10; smoking in any • hoi
or platform of railway station or in any car
not provided for the purpoee, fine of $10; en
tering or leaving cor while in motion, fine of
f 10; entering full car when objection is made
by the («isxen^erx, fine of $10; (»ringing l<«ded
I Uro an um into cors, fine of $'i5; traveling in
, ears when )><<wcn'i| 14 infections disease with
out notifying officers, fine of flO; riding on
j platform or footboard of car, fine of $10;
! selling or buying scalpers' ticket«, flue of
|l0; using tickets wboao tin,«; fias runout,
! Aite of f lo, etc., etc.
In America the unit of small value I*« the
dollar, the quarter and the dime. We rarely
get down to the ««nt, and we never think of
( giving a present for service received of the
j nickel. Here the unit of small value is the
; «hilling, the sixpence and the penny, and it it
wonderful to the American bow the thepenny
swum to rule. Your hotel* advertise in
l^-nniw, you buy luncheons with pennies, and
the shilling is split a dozen times in ettch hotel
and railway advertisement in the»« guidm
lying before me. Here is a hotel in iAiMin,
for instance, which charges, translating the
English money into American, for rooui for
one person, M cents per night ; tar two per
•on-», <£i (**nh< per night, and if tw© different
bed* arc used in the room for two persons,
about T."» cent* per night. It charges 12 cent»
for a l«ath if it is taken cold, and 24 cents if
I hot. It charges two or three pennies more
for atten<lan<-u if you tviuaiu in your n**n
all day, and if you don't take a room it will
add cent« for servi ce at each meal.
John bull is ever prating of Brother
Jonathan'» scramble for the dollar. If he
wdl pull the sjiet-taclt* from his own eye* lie
will **■ that his scramble for the penny is
quite us ai llent, and that the only difference
between the money getting desires of the
two nations is that Brother Jonathan usually
plavs a more generous gamo and for larger
stake*—and gets them.
Fraxk Gsokue Cahpkxtek.
< >rchards that are in grass continually
are sometime* injnred. Tbe liest method
is to plough under the grow, lime tbe land,
1 give an application of well rotted manure,
and reweed. Some orchard* do liest when
in gRM<, if the soil in rieh, hut the peach
and pinm are ex»-eptioux. The gnwn
' should, however, lie plonghed under oe
casionally.
I u order to guard u^iinst die» the stable
should lie thoroughly cleaned often. A
sprinkling of tbe llooni with a mixture of
a teaspoon ful of carbolic acid and two gal
loua of water, will disinfect tbe »toll, while
tbe manure heap may also receive an appli
cation with advantage.
I
Th. Oh,».,,,,. ~
Uh v*'shb«r
Cuveu*»,h«

•Uit
tatkl j*,»w
#1"»TS
v**MûUtSt / .
to man. Ev«; f
[ Arab, with t". /
b»x and cig»
tell you all alout tbf -uiachu>>
that run it aiul tie origm u4 . '
ulars of all tho tirv> that y vur vx. •
ual route.
In the matter of fire aj«pcr»rti
finds berselt far UlunJ tLe
exception of a very tew eili«* lu U» .
proviucw», >ou eau ouîy t:ul
machine*." sunilur t.> tin's*; u*ei m .
before the powerful »team f.^.:
appoarancv.
the hand iu, H
Every town lias its I,h.^U' TW ■
are composai of iuhii ii!liu. M J*; «
life. The old and tbe voun* th,',
and the laborer, run si.t,. u ulr ' *
trifling fee a citizen maj
brigade, and tbeivU t*,VIlk. '■
jury duty It u ou U*
auythuiK el*, that voU tlnd L»if ■
rolled, and tl»o other half iv%ir J.'*®
at a nuxneafa notice.
to nur rw.r
With tlu> tiiM «TV I-iln 'ti*'
oitfHM'iit t»",;iiiv 1 un. t
bu-siin-s* is Lii'l aoi<!<- m a m,,,I,,.
chu»' for t!w li.nw
oiti'iiwiif, Uvaust- itH'ii, H.mirn S:1
nm lien-, lln-iv uiul »'\itv»Ui* '•>
yelling, lila»'t^uunliiij; Ut.j ni j,
«nkr. The tlrst |»r»n i.», Im.^ ; "
llO»IM> gl VOS the » . lu I ill .„.II „ !
U-ll. Tlio inn. lune I» mn mi
invent grali» tlio ixipc, an.l t;
(Mvuk-liivk |a»v.
Kvwy iietlvi« nu iul. r is j.n,i
utiifuriii "Hurling ..f -« |„ ;
lllotl.«'. TlX»«' hi' lilS|ft ||t
Ml|.|H^-1| I.I wear till III ut I Ik
clUt illgUlsllei I flMIll U \ # Ulli ' \.
rltiiie is run ilitHii tin' »tu.
ilnaghter- ut tin- "a t.v. a, ,■
MUVh V\ itll til«' llllll' I i. !!„
fmta i« rii iiiv-i I,y tl
tlir*#nj."Ii tli«. MitvN .Ii». ,i i •
lmt.4 for their UllK.it ai^. U, .
At tin Hi.', c»rrj "I.' I» at ,
(diIhusIh' iilrM \ in-h < I '
tin- first grand move !.v.,! v .
Ik inrritNl otf Nniietnni-s n.
Las tüHkirniisliall iivi r C . t
lui* iiillii'lol nil Iii» f'tn :
<yil.hui is tiumoit tli.- |i.i j.r!\
1|i|UIiIm Ver\ fn\jUelitl> tili !»
distant localities Dn,,,.,
tives" wuiil a I.«y • -i s
litt I it to a lioiiM- tlii.'. i
iiiver left it fur foui <U** •
picnic iIhvs," the entire i I
i*li> 1 \oluilt<s r, IT-» <1lt I I v ■
tin- tow I» to tin1 Iii'Ti > "t I'r
KllV.k >
A My, writing to II« II...
nays: "1 «tu tin1 wifonf u
U'rs nit ini ml'
to'|{»v. Mr-. Smith,' uiiil 1 !
fitlllT, eiavpt miii-nitiallv m I
buaband, »lo n I* A*1
uuino uji|» ars mi a « li*:i!*'«- !
Kov. J. Hnutli.' Fmi'v m» r
III m ill oni' iM-i-a- ion, It '>■
J Smith, 1» 1*./in
lient In luth < hui-' Ii u.i'l »
«|Ui>iit|y »igntlu'iiix .. M » u
or 'ill's, t'iiai'li". WLiU w 1 1
l*'tt. I who inula* ■ I.i ■" ' 'J -•
loMll' IS III til. II oUU
lollrrn.
I'AI'ITAI. PRIZE ^
Tlrki'l* Oui.» Hlmrr.
|»orli«n.
Lonisiana SI,il«* l.otler* '-»f
"We i|<> In n I.)' 'Tl 'i '
a mm renient» for *li "" ^
liniMiiiK* "I (l"' 14
itMiiv, «ml in I*"""" '
■IruMIHK» I li* I"" '
dueled ttltll holi"l) •
Iwwaid in I'H-t •• » » •«"
to ii*** Hit-. .-rtiii- »"• « f*
iiAiiir«* »tun 1,1
Commi>
iiIi.I. r«'»■ .
P*> *11 itr»»u m I,-..
W% Iij« inlti f* . f
J. II. «H.I.Mtl). »V I • •
M. k|| Hit Uli. r.
A. It I I.I) H I V |'r. • " •
Imiujuitalnl In '«*
I'll* fi# Kill* allouai « i l «(•' »
fills a I «(dial i>f |: mm« '
iiiihI i#f mi-r JV<i "M l.*> • > '
My un m Ik Irmr:* (•.( j'
v»iu liliulc « j.art i«f t/i«- I
tiwi «- l«{,U .1 Jo-M-m A U '
The aalj Lottery •■■•r m I
by lit«* Jj*i|>I«- an) -lal/
/l ntrrr i alt * i>f
II« <• rnnd «•»■«!'
take I'Iik*** lii'rlilhl). I'»l 1
l'ru h my- fiyn At!) •<'
of S*'iiu tnrilMll) a»b«»H><''
A *;'l<ii.Jj.J »p|..ri n.it '
'•fali.l ffraul..- life
»tSlu i• S * <• *
iHHIt *I»TIi« H.--III) >"
( (Fini, phi» ,:i>
IGOftii 7i< i.-j. Ir >. .■ I»'.'»** ' '
ii< h/tip u> p*?* 4
LfcT <rf rtJi*
1 < aj.ila! t'fl«'.—•»
) I 1'fl'«" •••—
1 I ai-ital I'D'*"
fit» • ""
'ri/< • >if Jr. 'ß11
■' J'fil(>f 1Î ,
10 CrtJSM rif J I«»)
UM'n/»--..f <«/
MO I'nn - nf ju
•U> f'ri/tn ; j»
'»I (• ... ■ ' .
WW f'rfz4-i of /..
«musncn»» r?lD
9 Appmxfoiatv-n fri»* •' ^'
> Ai'lifiiltutHofi Fnir• •' -
* A (.f.n.i* mat w*i fr-ir« i/ >
lf67 Vriit*. »tnmttitinf f>—
, *tb>n U* r»tr" I"' *"
, j**ly Um- o4<* ./ilw ''<*♦*
j Mar funkri i
full »JJJVl
Motif y tjnl-r <.f >*'< irt f»r ** ^4
{«««■ Omtacy t>
dnwrd a. 4- »'lr -I
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Or; «. 4. Mirw»' - t(
Maif F. u. M#*; '
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Mi.IT OKLKAm Iiwjj
V7>I VW'iSft
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