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GUILDS OF LONDON.
GRKAT TRADES CORPORATION TBAT CON TROL THE WORLDS MITROPOtlS. Livery t>mpaoi* of L)odon— Dir« Feasts While Lauras Surr«*—Six Miliua Dollar* a Year Stolao from th« Piopl»- Origin et' IM London Guilds. [Copjrtxhteit] Spt\~uU < rfttitondemt of Ute Oy Register. L0Hl>O?r, August 9, lsd7.—"Why don'» yon write an art ici»* ou tbe Livery Compa nies of tbe City ol Loodoo,'* «aid a well known literary man to me th* other day? "Have the* companies, except in name, anything to do with the toilers ot Loo don," 1 replied? "Only to thus extent. The rich middle class ot' London have captured these com panies from tbe toilers and poorer classA, for whose benefit they were originally starte«!; and converted them into secret and exclusive corporations, diverting the euoriuous revenues and property into channels never though t of by the foun ders. ' "Then tbe Mercers', and Grocers', and I»rapers\ anJ Fishmongers' and Gold smiths' and a score ot" other companies, whose grand banquets one reads about in the papers, are uot organ iz ttious composed ol mercers, and grocers, and drapers, and iishmongers, and goldsmiths and olfcèr I trat!i* and rallin#*,'* I inquired? tS>ooi H-iu.1 m LU U \ "With a very tew exceptions, the com paoieidk'harp no useful timet ious in con nection with trade. They have entirely ceased to perforin the objects for which they were constituted; but, nevertheless con tinue to enjoy the benefits derived irom royal character«, grants, and from beqnests given or lel't them when they were Mich tmleorgaoi/~itioiM. They hold their lands in moriuiaiu. T'iat in, as the companies never die. they pay no succession tax. The property is therefore untaxed. The reve nues of these companies have increased euormously, and bow to set rid of them without a public scandal has been the greatest question the members of the liv ened companies bave bad to grapple with | for many years. While the toilers of East j London, described iu the letters to the j papeis, are starving, these rich companies thug away millions of dollars annually, on extravagant salaries, enormous pensions, aud private feasting. Of late jears they have contributed vast snn-.s for KM t \ri«>N AM' t'll.YKI r.YKl.K K'KPUSKS. With the exception, however, ofthat given to hospitals, the poor are in no way bene tited by these u"ts. It has been donated to schools originally carted tor the poor, but now captured by the rich. For ex ample. Christ's Hospital was intend ed for poor, destitute and homeless children. It has *>een converted into a school for the sons of the well-to-do and rich. So have other schools. The Liverv Companies of the City of London are a greater vandal than any unearthed in the municipal government of New York. It is a perpetual steal of $.">,(«»>,(**> annually of public money. Exactly bow this money is spent no one knows. It comes in every year, and must go ont. The accounts are never published. How to get rid of the money without public scandal is the qnes tion. Investigate the matter and see for yourself." Iu consequence of this conversation I have undertaken the present inquiry, which wiil l>e interesting, for mauy reiwous, to American readers. It is not propose«! to deal with the Loudon liuilds or Livery Companies, historically, but to describe them as they exist to-day. For a better understanding of the subject, a brief ac count of the organization of theee compan ies is nec-ssary; otherwise it would be im possible to realize their intimate connec tion with the corporation of London, wbicn mak»*s them to-day public corporations, dispensing public money -in secret, and diverting it tioni the purposes for which the donors intended it • Six centuries u*o, the busy streets we pass on t'th^r *ide, in ^ drive from St l'anl's Cathedral to the Bank, was a «reat market piaC£ (Kftred with lioothn, ar raugt-d iu order jiiurtling to the wares ex posed for sale. The whole of the ground now occupied I'v WimkI street. Milk street, Friday stree». Money Lane, Ironmonger Lane, and so on, ww then likeacountrj tuir. There were no ho»**, hat merely sheds. Such, for many centuries, wan • heap, kuown as Cheapside. In the cen tre stood THE liKEATt Hl Et HoKST. MARY, ' le Bow," so called on account 0/its stone vaulting. Before the church was a tilting ground, but all the rest of the open space was let out. from time to time, far the sheds of various dealers, arramred by their trade«. These were the tradesmen ot 1-ondoi). Tbev were mercers and drapers, and cloth-workers, and grocers, and iron mongers, and vintners and a variety of other trade*. They understood their various crafts and followed them. Some of them had oryuuized into guilds and companies; hut it had not become general until after accession of Edward I. The fear that London would fall into the hands of some lqptl tyrant, and then into the haudsof the Kiug, was one of the motives : which prompted the organization of these : companies, and subsequently the union of the livery companies, in the government of the City of London. Dating the whole of the reign of Edward the city companies were gradually attaining a more perfect organization. They made régulations for "the conduct of their respective misteries," and were in every respect trade organiza tions. Eight of the great Loudon com panies were chartered in the reign of Ed ward III. The primary objects were «* dusiveness, monopoly, the regulation of trade and traders, and the fixing of prices These rights were freely graiued. With such exclusive rights the«« organization ■oon became rich, and magnficent halls be gan to arise in various parts of the city. The palaces of Um old city families were 1 bought, and converted into banqueting and feasting halls for the merchant», trades men and artisans of London. With the increase of wealth and opulence came an increase of political twwer, and the com panies governed London as absolutely as any local tyrant or King. The city companies have, in fact, from the time I speak of to this, been the city of London. No man has a vote nnlese he belongs to one of the companies; no man can be an alder man unlees be is a member of oue or more of the companies; and no man not a mem ber of a liveried company has ever been Lord Muyor of I.cndon; And yet, in face of this, the livery com panies to-day take the ground that they uro private corporation», dispensing private money, which they have no right to ac oonnt for publicly, aod which they have a perfect right to dispone of in any way they may think proper. And so Ç.V>0,000 of public money m annually expended, large ly for the benefit of the rich. Money which rightfully"^TVnKs to the pool. Money which should be aped for the bene fit of all London, instead f being waited by this little coterie, in the little area with "«0,000 population, known as the City of London. The influence of these companies bas been exet ted to prevent London from becoming a great municipality. Muoici pil reform under ^he government of the companies ha* been impossible. The companies of London ARK A HAPPY FAMILY PARTY, (scellent ami honorable gentlemen, no lonbt, but nevertheless engaged in a wholesale robbery of the people, the like >f which in nnknown to any other city in the world. There is no doubt that some >t the corporations were, to a great extent, the instruments through which the muni cipal independence of * »1*1 London was achieved. But those corporations have fffectually prevented the London ol to-day from gaining its independence. The "free lom"' of the London livery companies has been obtainable for centuries, in two ways; by apprenticeship, and by patrimony. TTiat is, every son of a person who has been inly admitted to the freedom has always been entitled to claim, when of age, admis sion to the freedom. In the middle age it was far more usual for sons to follow their father's occupation than now. The freedom of the companies is now, and has l>een for some time, sold for so much cash, and conferred, like the freedom of the city, as an honor, upon personages of distinction. Member ship by apprenticeship is a thing of the past and io many of the companies not half a dozen members know anything about the craft it is supposed to represent. By the methods referred to al>ove, the compa nies are enabled to control their member ship. It is said, and this officially, that in some instances the same uame occurs twenty-nine and thirty times; presumably persons belonging to the same family. By working together in this way, a few men exercise immeuse influence. They have the disposition, annually, of hundreds of thousauds of dollars, the electiou of Mayor, Bridgemaster, Chain l*-rlain, and a number of other city officials. Wealthy trades men, who are able to purchase memberships in several of the great London companies, openly boast that in one way and another it is worth $l">,tHM» to fciO.OÔO peranum» to them. In some cases it doubles the value of their business. These are actual facts, sworn to before a royal commission. There are three grades of membership. 1. Mere membership, the possession of the freedom, which makta a "freeman." 2. Membership of what is railed "the livery." 'X A place on the "courts," or governing body. The last two positions are the most desirable. By an old act of 1097 no per son belonging to any one of the twelve great companies is allowed to take npon W—elf * THE CWTHINU, OR I.IVKKY, of the company unless he has an estate of $5,000; of the inferior companies, unless he has an estate ot $2,."»00. The spirit of this property qualification is still observed. The privileges of the different orders of membership are lor freemen, re lief or pension in case ot poverty. With the single exception of the Clothworkere' Company, be is uot invited to the banquet. A "liveryman" is a higher order of being than a freeman. 11« lias the rights,in ease poverty should overtake him, and the pension voted him would be large, sometimes $"7.*»0 to $1,0**) per year. He has a legal right to a place at the bauquets and to other favors in the way ot entertain ment. But 3 place <m the "Court" is what they are all struggling for. The governing bodies, or courts, have in their hands the entire control of the companies' ad'»ire,the appointment of the stall's of salaried offi cers which the companies employ, the management of the companies' corporate property, the admission to the freedom, livery ami court; the administration of the companies' trusts, the appoint ment of the incumbents of the companies' livings and of the musters ot th*ir schools. They are also the eutertainers, and have, of course, a place at all the companies' banquets. In the Great Companies, a member of the Livery is seldom elected to the Court till after he has been on the Livery for fifteen or twenty years. î^e uori'.y is not the only criterion of fitness. I tVL Having 'ha.s givra au imperfect idea of what the Great C-ompauies of the City of London are, 1 must reserve for another letter the interesting facto in relation to how the v»t «um« of n>oney eotue into the coffer* of these companies, together with an account of how the money is expended. Yoo are feeling depressed, your appetite in poor, yoo are bothered with Headache, jou are fidgety, nervous, and generally out of sorts, and want to brae« up. £r*te np, but not with stimulants, Spring medicine^ or bitters, which have for their basis very cheap, bod whisky, and which stimulate you for an hour, and then leave you in a won* condition than before. What yon want is an aiterativ« that will purify your b'.ood, start healthy action of Liver and Kidneys, restore your vitality, and givs renewed health and strength. Such a medicine you will lind in Electric Bitters, and only 50 cents a bottle at Logan & Ca'a Drug Store. Robert P. Poktek. Btm« lip. GALLAHERS PEACOCK. A Thrilling Tale of Society on Gotham*) Eut Side. New York Time*. Mrs. Dennis Gallaher (the second "g" is silent since they entered society) occu pies an elegant if not entirely comforta ble residence on the east nide. The house has bay windows everywhere a cupola and a tower. It has grown as the district ha« grown, from what was called "Shanty town" into a tract of surpassing apartment bouses. It has grown as Gallaher has growu, from a Castle Garden frescoer in whitewash to a politician whose barge has gathered golden sands by the banks of the amber river of rum. It has grown as Mrs. I Gallaher has grown, from a thin woman in a nine dollar Paisley shawl of a Sunday to a stoat woman in a "stalehide" sacque and "solitary sthones'' in her ears. » Gal laher, in fact, is now a drum major, socially speaking, while Mrs. Gallaher is a full brass band. The only thorn in Mrs. Gallaher's am ple side has been theG. Washington Mil lards. The G. Washington Millards live opposite. They are not people of color, because black is not a color, and they arc black. When Gallaher, like young Mich ael Angelo, was mixing pigaments for the walls, he was destined later to own in fee simple G. W. Millard was a sleeping car porter on the Central. Their fortunes grew together and they becune rivals so cially. They were neck and neck in the matter of bay windowp, and when Millard mounted a cupola Gallaher angTily saw him and weut one better with the tower. This won the game, as the cupola bad been set in the centre of the Millard root and there was no room tor a tower unless built on a platform with supports. The rivalry in display has been intensely hitter between the wives. Consequently wheu Gallaher come home last Tuesday night and saw the frown on the face of his better half he knew something had hap pened. The dinner passed off in silence. When Gallaher had taken a post-prandial plunge in the ' lish bowl" and was wiping his mouth on a napkin, which has a deafen ing monogram in green embroidery and an emerald crest that was lost by one of the Irish kings at the tight by the Boyne water, Mrs Gallaher said to the bonne: "Ornrietle!" "Yes, madame." 'Take the children to rowl their shkates au the new cimint soidewalk. Don't be lettin' thim tark to any odber childhreu, or ye naden't come back. Do ye moind?" "Yes, madame." And the parents were left to themselves. Mrs. Gallaher was silent for a few mo ments, lost in sad and bitter musings. Gallaher, understanding the situation, was apparently absorbed in the large print of a uewspaper, waiting for her to speak. Af ter some minutes she said furtively, in a hoarse whisper: "Dinnis!" "What?" "The navgur woman has a pug darg." "What's a pug darg?" "A dirty little baste wid a black nose all jammed in an1 glash eyes." "An' what do she be doin' wid a pug darg?" "I^adin' it up au' down all day long in frint av the house to shpoite me." She breathed savagely and her eyes snapped with suppressed auger. Gal higher was aroused and angry, too. "Kelly has a shuiall hnlldarg as'll chew the head offn him," he said. The lady shook her head. "It's uot Frinch t'have bulldarga." There was silence, and each cast about for a counter to this body blow that the Millards had struck. Mrs. Gallagher spoke tlrst. "Dinnis!" "What?" "l'aycocks is nice." ''What's paycocks?" "It's a big burrud wid bull's-eye feath ers iu its tail. Ye seen 'ein in the pairk." "Like a painted turkey?" "That same." "Aha!" The next day Gallaher purchased the finest peacock that mouey could buy. The peacock arrived the uext eveniug ou a dray. The huge coop was taken into the lauudry rooui, in tbe basement, and the family gathered for a private view on the eve of the public display. When the coop door was opened it stepped out, took one, two, and then three suspicious steps, craning its purple neck and looking abont. The family stared, hut said nothing. Neither did the peacock. "Has it a song?" asked the servaut girl, breaking the silence. "Faith, it's no dickey bnrrud," said Mrs. Gallaher, contemptuously. "We orter feed it," said Dennis Galla her, Sr., aged 12. "What does it eat, may'' "Oh, thim things atea chauevware and rocks and chingle sails," said bis mother, airily. She was fashionably familiar with the gastric weaknesses of all fashionable pets. Dennis, junior, tried it with a broken cup, but it had no appetite. When .some com was put in the cnp it took three grains, one at a time, and with great de liberation. It appeared to prefer Dennis, junior. "Why don't it blow up its tail, ma?" asked be. "There's no grosh here. Whin it gits on the lawn ye'll see it pull the sthring." Having inspected it till tL?y couldn't rest, the bird, which after discussion and in rteter<?nce to the father had been called Robert Emmet, was locked up in the wagon bouse in tbe rear of the lot. Mrs. Gallaher was not satisfied. She decided to call in Lucille,but had been physiologically overruled. When the family retired to bed Mrs. Gallaher's mind was tilled with visions of her front yard converted into a tropical jungle, in which peacoeks. birds of paradise, and new bonnets of elegant plumage, stood in line upon the limbs ol the trees and poured forth their joy in melodious roulades and thrilling rounde lays. It was the clear hour of night. Mrs. Gallaher's face had sunk in ite soft pillows and her rosy features were wrapped in a lace bonnet de nuit, which cum« down over her ears and shut out all earthly sounds. It hail cherry ribbon strings tied under her chin. All was still with one exception, which was Gallaher. At regular intervals he snored defiance tc the Euglish throne of which he dreamed. Sudiledly upon the stillness came a long, loud, blood-curdling scream tbat made the windows rattle. It was awful. "What's that?" cried Gallaher starting up. ; What i« it, Denni&r asked Mrs. Galla her, awakening and soared. "Cswhorrrk!!!!" The horrible scream was repeated. Galla her sprang to the door. 'I>ennis—Oi—Oi'll choke to death wirf this—darn—thing." Mrs. Gallaber was splattering with terror. Sbe had polled her bonnet de nuit strings into a hard knot and was strangling. "Howld y ore jaw, will oo?" said Galla her angrily. He was listening intently. The string parted and freed ber tears. She listened, too, still scared. "Mnsha, I hope it's not wan o' thiin hurrah away muidera." "He baa no nade to cut b«r throat an a nought like this," said Gallaber, shivering in bis night wwn. "At be bowlds bei still she'll freeze quick enough." "Cawbormk!" It came again. He grabbed his socks and drew ou his trousers. As he pulled on his coat be looked out ot the front window, and by the Ugbt oi a street lamp saw George Washington Millard in front oi the house and looking up at the windows. Instantly angry, he flew down stairs and opened the front door. "Aha," said he savagely, by way oi greet-'ng. "Heah, Posey. Come heab," said Mr. Millard wooingly to the png dog, whicb had followed him over. He pretended not 1 to see Mr. Gallaber. "Is it watchin' me grash grow ye are?" asked Gallaber sarcastically. > "Nice doggie; good doggie," said the other, patting it "What de ye mane*" demanded Galla ber, going down the walk. Subterfuge wae useless. I "I aune over, sab," said Mr. Millard in precise tones, "became I beard shriek«, ash, in your domicile, sah. I thought I recog i nired your wife's voice, sab." "Howlv Mary !" ejaculated Mrs. Gslisber from the upper window. "Do that black naygur say me vice is like that?" This was too mach. It ooald not be left to Dennis to adjust She threw on her petticoats hurriedly. Meanwhile the seriousness of the occa sion had caused a suspension of hostilities between the men. They agreed that it was evidently the murder of some woman in the vacant lot in the rear of Gallaher's wagon bouse. Visions of ^gore and hlooiy knives made Gallaber indisposed to inves tigate it by himself, particularly in his defenceless condition. He invited Millard ! to accompany Lim. and the latter accepted. The two men. followed by the pug, pissed on tiptoe along the alley way at the side of the house, crossed the yard und approached the wagon house, through which they would pass to the lot. The minute be opened the door some thing came dapping against him out of the darkness, scratching his face, and knocked I him dowu. It was the peacock trying to J gett>iit. • BILL NYE. Tell* Ail He Kaowi aod Home Thin te» He Domu'I Kmu About Oliver Cromwell to a Youth in Love. Uoäon (Mot*. Waldemar 0. Batfiogton, New Monis, Nebraska, writes ander date of March 10: "Will yoa kindly give a brief bat con cise account of the early life ol Oliver Cromwell, in the (Hobe* I have been told by some of my friends to avoid the charac teristics of Cromwell, while otheis tell we to emblate his example. So 1 »hall have to suspend farther action in that line till I hear from you through the Globe. "Will you answer as soon as possible, and also tell me what would be a good trosso l'or a young man to get married in?" Oliver P. Cromwell was born at Hunting don, April 25, 1599. As soon as be had rested himself a little, he began to look about him and prepare to make his mark in history. He was a son of Robert Crom well, and grandson of Sir Henry Cromwell. He entered Sidney Sussex College at the age of 17 years, aud bejjan at once to get solid with the president. At college Mr. Cromwell was noted for his devotion to his studies and the length of time he cnnld wear his linen without being mobbed. It is said of Cromwell that he managed to save enough out of his laundry expenses to buy himself a matriculation and a house and lot on the day of his gradaation. In 1620 he married Elizabeth Bourchier, on which occasion he and his wife received a triple plated bntter dish, three card re ceivers and a photograph album. They then settled down. Cromwell was a member of Parliament for eleven years at one pop, and only made a short speech during that time. Is it any wonder that Cromwell was l»e loved by his constituency? I trow not. Cromwell was not regarded as a fluent speaker, and once when he had j nst made a brief address, in which he had success fully called for the previous question, Lord Digby inquired of Hampden who "that sloven was." l/rwunni wrui iuiu iur auuj iu «ui«. He soon became a colonel, and iu lt>14 com manded the let t wing which was so vic torious at Marston Moor ou July ii. He did not write an account of it for publication, with a large portrait of him self on a snorting war horse, with red nostrils, however, and thus he continued to endear himself to the people. Colonel Cromwell allied himself with the Independent* and against the Pres byterians in the great dissension which oc curred at this time. Charles 11. resigned as king in May, lt.»hi, owing to brain fag, and in order to secure much needed rest he surrendered himself to the Scottish army, which turned him over to Parliament. For a while Charles seemed to be on the road most of the time. Cromwell was down on the Presbyterians from the word "go," as Macanlay has it, and in 1048 he fired forty-one Presbyterian royalists out of of Parliament, Colonel Pride doing the ejectment act under Oliver's orders. This was called "Pride's Pnrge" for many years, and you can still read on some of the old fences around here. l.'SR PKIDK'S ri'KUK. Cromwell was a member of the court which, in January, 1619, tried the kiug and condemned him, giving him sixty days, together with a tine of $5 and trim mings, with the order that he stAnd com mitted till the fine and cost« were fully paid. He then went to Ireland to suppress a small but very hot rebellion, of which Ire land wad at that time passionately fond. The Scotch now espoused the cause of Charles II. and it became a content be tween the Cromwell Close Communion Baptists, who wished to immerse the land in gore, and the itoyal Presbyterians. Cromwell was now made commander-in chief, with $200 per mouth and a horse to ride. Al UQuuar vieuenu ^riuwcn the royal forces iu a hapd-to hand conflict on the 3d of September, 1650, at which time he took 10,(MX! prisoners. In April, 1653, he dissolved the long Parliament, commonly called the Bump, telling each Kumpist that his services would uot be required any longer, and that be had better go home and hoe his corn. A new Parliament was then sum moned, aud Cromwell became the lord protector of the commonwealth, with an office over the First National Bank. He was ofl'ered the job of king on the day shift that fall, but he said no, he preferred the position he then occupied, for he hated the trappings of royalty. It is said that he took the ermine ofl' the edges of Charles II.'a reigning robe and made tar tabs for the poor, but this may be untrue. Still he had a great contempt lor royalty, never having published a book on that plan. Cromwell was stigmatized of course by the royalists, but he never lost a day's work or a meal's victuals on that account, as Carl vie puts iL As soon as he found that be was stigmatized be wonld put a moist chew of tobacco on the place, take a large drink of Scotch whisky with a little ginger ale on the side, and yoft wouldn't know that be had ever been stigmatized. He was long regarded by historians as a man of cruel temper and mediocre talents, but it is now thought that tie was extrem ely otherwise. Colonel Cromwell bad his failings, it is true, and of course by many he will ever be regarded with loathing, aversion and other things of t hat kind, bat he was not what might be railed a mediocre man, by any means. On the contrary, he thonght the world of bis wife, and invariably spent his even ings at home. Cromwell died on the third day of Sep tember A. D. 1658, and people came for thirteen miles and brought their dinners in order to attend the tuneral and see what kind of a sarcophagus be had. Regarding your "trosso," I will say that you probably could not have gone to a poorer place to ascertain what is en regie tor a young man who is about to be mar ried. My advice would be to select some new clothes of a dark shade, as near yoar size as possible, and see that they are paid for. I insist on this, because it looks more luxuriant than to wear a sait which has been charged, Still, tèere are men who have foaght their way to the front rank in literature who were exceptions to this rale. I know a poor boy who was married in a suit of clothes which had been placed on the book, and yet be won the respect of his wife and soon rose to affluence, paying for the first sait and onother one in rapid suc cession. In ten years from that time he had been postmaster and justice of the peace, and assistant foreman of an active hook and ladder company. I will write the name of that poor boy on a slip of paper and mail it to yon, for I do not wish to use it in this article, as he would not like it, and I know his wife woald not like it, tor she told me so not fire minâtes ago. Bii.l Nye. Are you restless at night, and harassed by a bad cough? Use Dr. J. H. McLean's Tar Wine Lang Balm, it will secure jou sound sleep, and effect a prompt and radi cal cure. THE LIME-KILN CLUB. FIRMLY RK80LTE1) TO STICK TIGHT TO GOODNESS. The Thirteenth Dastardly itlempt (o Destroy Para dise Hall—Broth» Gird Mr Produces Good Ad vice by the Tard. Detroit Prer Frt*s. The thirteenth dastardly attempt to de stroy Paradise Hall was revealed at 5 o'clock Saturday evening, when the janitor arrived to place the hall in order for the i usual meeting Ever since the attempt ! last October bear-traps and spring guns havl been set at every uoor and window when the hall was closed, and this fact was generally kuowu to the public. The human hyena, who had resolved in hia own mind to d^troy the headquarters ot the club, procured a ladder, mounted to roof, and then cut a bole and descended alongside of a chimney. In this way he thought to «»cape all dangers prepared for him, and he no doubt chuckled with fiend ish glee as be dropped down into the library. Hia tiret move was to demolish the bust of Cicero. This was one of the first busts donated to the club, and has re presented Horace Greeley, Napoleon Bona parte, Franklin Pierce, George Washing ton and several other distinguished men by turns. The villian seized a crowbar standing in a corner of the library and de molished the bust at one awful Bweep. He then started for the club safe, doubtless in tending to drive the crowbar through and through it, and then vengeance overtook him. As he stepped into the pansage be hind the secretary's desk a bear trap awaited his coming with yawning jaws and clashing teeth. What occured is par tially a matter ot guesswork. The trap was found sprung, and in its jaws was a bloody boot. Bloody tracks led from thence to the ante-room, aud there the dastard had raised a window and leaped down on the roof of the grocery and escaped to the ground. The occurrence probably took place Friday night, its the policeman on the Seat remembers of hearing a loud, long shriek about 11 o'clock. It sounded to him like the voice of a strong man about to give up the tight tor his life, and though he investigated the neighberbood he was made no wiser. How the villain suffered—bow he wrung his hands and vowed to live a better life hereafter—how the sweat of agony stood out on his fore head aud his eyes grew fiercely wild—can be imagined by any one who has visited the scene. It is supposed that he had a "pal" in the alley, and that this man finally came to his relief, and pried the trap open far enough to permit the foot to be pulled out of the boot. As soon as the meeting was called to order the janitor reported the case, accompanied by a war map, and Brother Gardner arose and said: ' My trens, dis iucident furnishes me w id an opportunity to address you ou de sub jick of Goodness vs. Badness. If, when a baby was three days ole, he could reason an' calkilate, he would reason as follows: 'Heah I ar', a sound, healthy boy wid a big show of growin' up to manhood. De more I kick au' yell an' misbehave doorin' my iufiuicy de mo' spankin's I'll receive. I)e better I mind an' de gooder I ar' as a boy de easier will I slip along, ns a young mau I shall be upright an' honest. As a middle aged man 1 shall act on de squar'. As an ole man I shall quit chawin' plug tobacker, read up on de Bible an' go to l>ed airly. "mcKeanet» aoan pay, ngger 11 up a« you will. We bev had rnauy instance« of it in di« club, an' we ar' surrounded wid 'era at horue. When Whalebone Howker stole a wheelbarrer l*longin' to Pickle« Smith he at ldst rejoiced an' was glad. He felt dat he was $'2 ahead ol de game, and he poked hiaselfin de rilis fur a muai t raun. Howsumeber, he hadn't had dat stolen vehickle in his po<we«hun two hours when his game rooster died, de dog-catcher picked np his dog, an' a man who owed him $4 went into bankruptcy. He could figiter dat he was out of pocket, an' den Pickles foun' out who stole his wheelbar row an' cnni ober an' licked Whalebone widin' an inch of his life besides. "Pake de case of Rcrmnder Jones who libs nex' doah to Condensed Cunningham. Bermuder sot down wid a piece of chalk an' figured up dat wickedness paid 200 per cent an' he went ober to de grocery, hacked up agin a cracker bar'l an' whiie he in gaiged de grocer in a religus discushion wid one band he filled his hind pockt wid crackers wid de odder. He started ont of dat grocery feelin' dat he was seben cenls ahead an' still gainin', but what was de result? A small boy who was in dar to buy a cent's worf of tafi'y seed de hull per formai ce and told de grocer. Bermuder was followed home, knocked down in hib own kitchcn an' mad? to give np de fo' cane-seated cheers in his parlor to settle de case. Did he profit by bis badness? Did he make any 200 per cent on dat? "Agin, take de case of Kurnel Keffing well Kabar. 1 had six leghorn hens iu my coop, au' he coveted 'em. Instead of comin' to me in a frank, honest way au' offerin' to buy dose hens at deir value an' gibin' me his note due in thirty days, he steals upon ray coop in the gloOm of midnight an' forcibly captivates my ponlty. He chuckled to hisself ober his smartness an' ■ he figgered up his200 percent profit, hut a Nemesis war' on his trail. He left one of de oie blue patches on his pant« on a nail in de coop, an' when I found my hens gone 1 walked ober to his humble cabin an' took him by de neck an' drawed hi at out o' doors. »Some of you hev probably heard dat he went into a decline soon arter , dat, an' dat when de post-mortem waa held j three of his ribs war' fonnd stickin' out of' his hack. "I hev figgered on goodness an' badness an' tell you dat badness doan' pay. Some of you may hev lifted a ham at de oo'ner grocery widout bein1 caugnt at it, but yet how did you feel when you met a police man, or when a strange knock cum at de doah? (ïuilt was sich a burden on yer soul dat de bam tasted like sawdust, an' you woke up at midnight to see spooks standin' by yer beds. De good man goes aroun' wid his hat on bis ear, afeard of nobody j an' lookin' everybody square in de eye. i If he happens to see de patrol wagon gwine , along he doan' turn pale. It anybody happens to lay a hand on him be doan' : sink inter his butes. "How ar' it wid de had man15 He's alius lookin' fur b'ar-traps an' spriog-gumi. . He's allns 'spectin' to be 'rested an' shut up. A strange knock at his cabin doah nods a chill up bis back. Go whar' h< will, he feels guilty an' afesxed, an' some fine day, when he am ont injoyin' d balm; breeze 'long corns a detective an' claps dt handcuffs on him, an' away he goes to Jackson fur ten y'ars. Yon kin figger an' figger, but goodness am bound to come under de wire a full length aherd." The president's address created considér ai be excitement, and Waydown Be bee was ready with the following preamble and resolution: Whereas, Goodnese ar' tuna' profitable dan badness, an' also easier on de con sbience; now, dar'fore Resolved, Dat it ar' de sense of dis meetin' dat we stick to goodness. The resolution was adopted by a unani mous vote, and tbe meeting adjourned with much good feeling. BABY HUMORS And all Skin and Scalp Dis eases Speedily Cored by Cntienra. Oar little ran will be four years of age on the 3th in». lu May. 1885. he vu attacked with a very painful breaking out of the akin. We called in a physician who treated him for about four weeks 1 be child receded little or no good from the tiaatmeot, as the breaking oat, supposed by the phTiiclan to be hives in an aggravated form, became larger in blotches, and more and more dUtresslng. We were frequently obliged to get up in the night and rub him with aoda in water, itrong llolments, etc. Finally, we called other physicians, until no lesa than a'x had attempted to cure him, all alike failing, and the child stead l'y getting worse and worse, uotU abont the JOtta of last July, when we began to give him Cuticura Rbsolvrst internally, and Cvticura, and Cuticur a Soap externally, and by the last of August he was so nearly well that we gave him only one dose of the Résolvant about every ■eoond day for abont ten days longer, and he ha* never been troubled aince with the horrible mal ady. In all we used lew than one-half of a (Mit tle of Cvticura Résolvent, a little less than one box of CmcOTLA, and only one cake of Cuticura Soap H. E. RYAN, Cayugya, Livingston Co., 111. Subscribed and sworn tp before me thta fourth Jay of January, 1887. C. N. 00E, J. P. SCROFULOUS HUMORS. Last spring I was very sick, being covered with tome kind of scrofula. The doctors could not help me. I was advised to try the Cuticura RRioi.yK.sT. ! did so, and lu a uay I grew better and better, until I am as well ai ever. 1 thank you for It very much, and would like to have it told to the public. KI>W. HOFMANN, North AUleboro, Mass. Cuticura, the great skin cure, and CUT!CURA 3oap prepared from it. exterually, and Cuticura Resolvent, the new blood purifier, internally, are a positive cure for every form of skin and blood dlsea.se fr#m pimples to scrofula. Sold everywhere. Price: cuttcnra, 60 oents; Cuticura Soap, 26 cents; Cuticura Resolvent, tl 00. Spared by the Pottrk Dru» and Chrmical Co., Boston, Mat«. He ml for "How toCureNkln Diieaaes." QI II PI.BS, Blackheads, Skin Blemtshes, and II IT! Baby Humor«, use Cuticura Soap. IN ONE MINUTE. Rheumatic, Neuralgic, Sciatic, Sud den, Sharp and Nervous Hains and Weaknesses relieved in oh* inln> nie, by the tnticnri» Anil Fain PliMler. At druggists, 2ft cents. Potter Drug and chemical Co., Boston. Saitks. ßANK OF THE OfflO VALLEY statb Aire ci TT ntrooToirT. Stockholder* Doubly IJabl«. CAPITAL. .. »175,0« Government and Local Bond» bought ami sold. Draft« ihsued on any point in Europe, as well u Da the principal ''ltleti of the United St*«*. A general banking buaine«« transacted. WM. A. I8ETT, President, WM. B. 8IMWON. Vloe fr®«. lall f. P. J EPSON. CanhUr. J^XCHANGE BANK. CAPITAL — .jaOO.OC J. N. VANCK President HAMPEL LAUGHIJN „Vloe Prwrtdent dibbctobs : J. N. Vakob, 8. Hokkhiimik, 3 Ladsbun, W. ELLIMttHAM, a 8. Dblaflaim, A. W. Ebllby, John Fbbw. Drafts Issued on England, Ireland, Scotland and all points in Europe, mrt JOHN J. JONE8, Cashier. RATIONAL BANK OF W. VA. AT WHEELING, CAPITAL - «200,001 Southwest corner Main and Twelfth Bta., DOBS A GENERAL BANKING BPBINlfo. niKBcroBa : ADenrr Holt, Jobs Wabbbb, Micha«; Rkili.t, R. W. Hailit, K. W. Omi.bbat, J. E. McOooifHBT, Chab. W. Buocbunibb. BARL W. OOLEBAY. Preaident, CHAS. W. BROCKUNIER, Vice President SUN WAGNER, Caâhier, WRENCE E SANDS. Assistant. Caihier No. 1218 MARKET STREET, Doei • general banking buslxiw, rwlr« any amount Crom one dollar upward* on lb* aavlng» gyitcm, and paya inter«« on tame at the rate ol 3 per cent per annum. Open for bujtln«** dal]; from 9 a. m. to 1 p. il, and on Saturday« untf 8 p. m. ItlRCrruRH: J.B. TANEY, j. a. U.1LI, PETER CA88ELL, ALFRED PAULI* JOHN 8. WKLTY, W. J. W. COWDEN, AL.U. 1. UlUilU, BERNARD KLIEVEB, GEO. ZOEOKLER, 8a , a KO HOOK. h Ko, n. J. *». tunww, PB , R E. 01 FEIN, N. B. mxyrr, President. UEO. HOOK, Vice Prwidi P. B. DOBBINS. Canhier. lent ■ealdont apli The Mutual Savings Baak No. 41 Twelfth Street, (Office of iheUndf-rwriwri' Imw Company), WH».EM.*U. W. ▼*. Bank open daily from 6.30 to 8:110 p. u. Deport» raoelred from one dime upwards. HOWARD HAZLXrr, President W. B. HIMPflOW, KDWAÄD ROBKRT0OW, Vice Prtwldtnu. W. 0. WILKINSON, ALU MITCHELL, myl4h Secretary Trearorei Uf NSHINS «ssttÄWÄsr r Lliwiunv,a rriri prvU» Ho«m ■ or no fee. Write for rlrrulv* »od new l*«r*. A. W. WbO»r->«*v * fc>n. a. r. * iv.»'m n Attend the 6reat West Virginia Exposition and State Fair! 1 i > TO BE HELD AT WHEELING, SEPTEMBER 6, 0. 7, 8 AMD 9, 1887. ExeanitH m all lallwara 4arli( Uk* Pair. Trotting and Pacing Entries dose August 29th. Rnnning Entrât clow fljpÉwmhar 5th. AU Lire Stock Entries close September 2d. Addraae Secretary far Preminn Liât or information. J. H. HOBBSL Prea't GEORGE HOOK, Secretary» wmiEn/LMM Jfffl WedaSat-eowxag éfoattiiitxl ROCK HIbL COLLEGE, KLLICOTT CÏTT, MD. CMdielf« by th« Biwlken *f Um fhriiilM ItkMl*. Scientific, Claartcal and OcunmercUl Ooutwa. The Modern Language* and Drawing taught without extra charge. I tladies wilt be resumed on the lit Monday of September. 1*87. 8end for pmapectua. aulONgi LAW SCHOOL WASHINGTON é IKE UNIVERSITY. SM.*. W. c. LU, fmMrat Instruction br text-books and printed lectnrea, with courte» or lecture« on *p«ci*l by eminent turinu. Tuition and fNa, ITS Tor ae» •ion of nine moatha. bertnalag September Uth. For catalogue acd fall In formation. tMrrm •"IIIS. A. ttRAVES, Prof of Law, Uxingtou, Va. Jyleiçrb Uiirersity, Lexiagtoa, Va. Infraction in the usual A cade aale Hla4l«« and in the professional ochoots of La« and Ka> (la«erla(. Tuition and fee». |75 for Mmkxi of nine month«, beginning Sept. 15Ü«. Cata logne free. Addra* « Trleagrb «. W. C. LEK, PtmMmL WAlHIXfiTOS, PA. The 87th year bénin* September 14th. Claaical, S. ieiitiiioaiid Preparatory Department*. Ft>r Informttion concerning Preparatory De» partaient apply to Prof. J. Adolph Sçhmlt*,.Prin cipal For Catalogue or other Information to ku!u;t PKEM'T «OU AT. ST. HALL for Hoy» and Young **■. 8t. George'*, Balto. Co.. M J. Able teacher*, thorvtigh trainlug. large bulld lntfs beautiful ground*; juepare« for any college or itnivenlty. liltorfSK), accord in« toage. Re open* Sept. ao. Prot J. C. Klnear, I. Prln. JyaaWaSathgb ■B|HgMAl£SEMINARY. Ll_r: -r:k ±. JJlBMfTD THE WEST VIRGINIA STATE UNIVERSITY llorgautown, W. Va., offer* une^ualed ad vantage« to the youuf meu of Wert Virginia. TUITION FREE lo onertudcnt (over fifteen yeamof age) for every MX) population In each county. Klght cadet*(not leu than 1C nor more than 21 ytiura old) from each Scuatorialdirtrict ftirnUhid with le*t book* and Ntationrcy, biwldeafrce tuition. Full cour»« are offered for the regular academic degree* III Artaud Science, and taught by a full coq* ol competent ititfnictor*. Student may alao puraua a partial coqik. A thoroughly equipped Cheml cal aud 1'hjnical Ijitxirauiry, and Mine urn of «pecimeuslu (ieoliwy, Natural History. Ac. A flue Library. Two Bourlahiug Literary .Suclellea. Prl«* for uneclal Literary and Oratorlal cicel leuce. Miment» are (lermittcd to enter any claa* for which they are prepared, in any Miidy. A preparatory department, directed by one of tbe best practical teacher* In the country. A law department, hilly oraauixed and In Miccewful operaton. A thorough courue preparatory lo tbe study of Medicine. Hoarding and lolginc Si .SO to IS AO per week. Washing II 00 to ll .ftO per month. Total expenne per rear, 9140 U> IJ00, ex cliwive of travel aud clothing Tho scliolaMlc year opens flot Wednesday lu Beptemlwr. Kor farther Information and catalogue« add row K.M. TIIRNKR, LL. D . frirtdent. Mor*antown, W. Va. lui» B.&B. ! Grand Clearance Sale —or— SUMMER DRESS GOODS. SUMMER SILKS, SUITS, PARASOLS, &c. I To make room for the largeat and mc*t elegant *u«;k of FALL GOODS, Foreign an<l Dome«tle, yet ot*ned In thli market. Tbl* I» your qp^ortaaity (or bargain). KRAI. LIVE BAB'S AIM*. Price« put on lb« balanre of mir Spring and Summer Hu* k are meant to more the kumIk and thatonlokly. Many all wool 91 00 Dr«w> (roods ko at ttcenu; 60 rent DrrmtkirMa, go at 2f> oent». Tbl» wUu to be emphati«ally a clearance tale a* we raunt hav« tbe room. lArrellne offl«.|IM'H TBI COT*. mo.'ly light »had«*, at to cent*. ;*>■ wh AliL-WOOL 1 RICOTM, AI ITH CBS TW. down from SO rent*. Vanj large ax*orttn*nt of Printed CfcallJa— tbe t*i«t good*—wool or mobair Alling, at » rent* a yard. Hold regularly every where at li « enta. SUITS AND PARASOLS. Iu tbf ae department* the great*** coi* bava hcen mailr in prion, many parawia offered at one-half their real value and price. tbe «am« inay ba aald of all made up hummer rinlu, La dle« and Children'» Whit« Holt* Matinee, Light Weight Wool huita, etc , tie. BLACK & COLORED SILKS. We continue to off-r the VEST REKT VAL UKri in Black 811a* from 7'< cent* u> tt 0 and ap. to 1* obtained any* here. Tbl« la beyond ■jura tion, and we rbeerfUHy «take our rejwutlon upon oom|>ariaona New line* of <*olorwd Hllk* one eapet'ially good one lk iurbe* wide at W eta. HEW FALL GOODS. • Kir)* arrival* roameortaf. a few of wbUh i't 1H-|V(II ALL NtHIL laVELTr CHE4 KN, iftrefli», Terr ai|iiah tOnto. «*•■*< H ALL WML ('HECK», ?• CRHTM, *7yt «'KVTH, ILM, »I*>rUI ralu«"« uid la/*" liIK- >•< tbadM. Nur Litiri Fall breaa Good« arriving daily. at to W ln<hrt> w idc. m 4S 'en W to »1.25 a yard. d*ud tuotir HtilOrdrr Drjivtnnl (or aam pies, aid •«ecure *on.e of lha* Hvgalua »«Hot* all areaoM. rtpf^-Ul valiw* in all lia«« of NTAPLK HOMKKKRPISe MT WMLC'I INUK, LISCIII, ET« .. BTt'. B0GGS& BUHL, 115,117,119 m< 121 Fe*«ral8t, ul^ Allerheajr/Pm. The only tmuxl of New Oflfn» Wu«*i UuuaeboMl purpoO »_"» I12--L SOAR Jiilroiii. CLEVELAND à PITT8BÜRG R R. D Uudar arbedule la eftet May 22, 1«7. traîna MTV Bridgeport, Ohio, Central Blandow Ah: ■or Pittsburgh and Cleveland, 1.10 a. wl, 1:19 k m. For PUtaburgh, 10:17 a. m. Ftor Walla Ill«, 4:12 p. a. FVr ttteubenrllle, IH a. m. "or Martin » Ferry, M& a. m. Traîna arriva al trtdgepon at 7:M a. a., 10;» a. a.. 230 p. m., 44 p a., 6:19 p. a. ayl7 PITTBBURG, CINCINNATI AND BT. LOUIS RAILROAD OO, Pan Handle Roula.) Coder arbodnte In rfte la* öd. 1«7, traîna leare Wheeling. Ccn ral Standard Tlmo For Sleube'iville and Pilla «irgh. 6S» a. m.. I2tf> p. m, S 30 p a. Fof ieul>envtlte, k uft p m. The itt a. a. and Oft p m. tnuus make illn-cl inmibeetle* fat inUin^Kiia.C'Inriiinalt. Indlanapolia amU'hleagu he u m. train inakea dlreet (nonertJât» * l'o'inmiiu* and Chicago Traîna arrive at rhaelictf al 6.16 a. m., lut*» a. a., p a. and 40 p a. m r 17 Baltimou ahd oni'< railroad oom pur. On and afu?r July (7, 1*" paaaerget raina «nil ran aa folio*»--l>t*-liiig, "5 Meridian r«at of Hirer, ''«(lirai lime : un »own. P Leave»— fowling »Ilaire .... Artitoa at— 'al raonu....... raftOQ UmbfrUnd. raahlnirton «ty....—. p. a. « 101 74Ü lilladelpha. I-... •Dally except Bon day. Ho. >/. No. M and Mo. a*op »»Kr nun. A.B. : • »! p. It. 12 90 490 6 90 • 46 at all at a. a. • 9rt P. M , it m :: r. a. I 4ft • Oft • 10 • «0 a. ■. 1 « • a. 7 M H 19M £ l<eavea— r heeling lellalrt* Arrlvra at - lane«Ttlle....~_~ lewark ...... kitnmhua liulutiaU.. atnluaky r. M.i 2 JO * 01 6 >61 d udlauapolla. it. lamia. :hioNpi.....„ Canaa# City a. M • 04 p. m. 2 Jft 7 ■*! I o .J 7« P. II • 16, • •7 a. m :a n. I 11 M II 07 12 00 îiu> V l«t *« 7 t r> to w; a. ■ 12 p. » * ay n 4a p. a 4 40] a. a. a p. ■. 11 u M 6J a. a. 1 97 • 96 9 M T ao • 00 p. a. II« • M I 90 • 0ft Hi. Clalrevlll« Accommodation 7 «3p. m..daily. Zan «»ville Acoo—dâUflO Ihtm WhMUnc M 4'' * m «1*11 y Ht. Claliwtll« accommodation. leavwi Wh«U n* at ».M a. m.. 2.00 aud 7 0i p. m. lUtumln*. Lfrivw ai Wheel lu« al »46 a. a. dally, 140 aal 11& r m , dally extent Kuuday. Train Wavln* al ifi0 a. lu., and 11 1» p. M., hrrxixh u> Cincinnati without rhaa#«. «lit ileeper throuah lu UoHnuall on nicht train. • !olura l'ii» ircuinmodaUoti leaven H hue. I ui al i:'Ji p m . Hella) re at >-0) p. a., «tally azoapt Hun l.lmlu*1 Ivartil*at V:lftp M. baai .1« oar for Chicago ml of Wheeling. Mouudtvllle Accommodation leavw Whealtaf a 1140 m. and arrive« at Moundurlli« at 13:« >. m., dally eiiwpi Himday. Fairmont Accommodation Imtm at 4:10 p. m. Through ooarti from Whaling to Cincinnati lally on No. 1, leaving Wheeling at iMle, ar« ■IfIii* at Cincinnati at 6:60 p. m. B. 4 O, aleeplng can on all through traîna. CVwc onnnertlou mad« ftir all point* Boutfe and loath w«< North and North wrm, mäkln« Ürita Imlrahle runt« far oolonlrt* and pomma movtBf p the great waal. and to whom particular attai Ion 1« given. Ttcknu to all principal point« no «I« M 4M, riUy|.iiiM car amommodatiooa oan baaamiiad at Depot T1r!»ot Ofloo r. a bitm* 1 ksket Agent B.40.DÎM. JOHN BAILS I Ticket Ann I, under tfcLunt Hamm iOHN T. LANK, Ira» Paawngw Agrai. C. K IX)RD, Oen. I'am. Agent ww M CKUf KNTft. Manacwr, HalUmor«, Md Y^HItKUNfi AND riTTH»rJW UITIfJOM. On ar»I after May 29. lKr7, pa*wn««r traîna wtii tin m (• Jlow»- <>ulraJ Standard Um«. MVasnnuL forHtuborf—6<0 a.m.,dally: lUiE,«aClyi i :4ft p. m. dnJIy, and 7M p m., daily. Ko* WMMncioa-*» ». m., dmfy asMpI In* w AaaifAiA from lliutori »40 a m. dally: 11:1* a. a. kud*t*p m., dally «snapt Uunday; 11:11 p. m. tally. rrum Washington dOOa a., daily«mapitoa lay. U. K. 1AMD, Oanarai PaM J. V rATTON, Huwrr'dent, L _ — J. T. LANE, Travrilng Agaut, WhmSa$. H10 RlVn EAJLkOAD. <C Paaaenger train« iaM« takln« »#Mt Jan« M. Im. im wtu mm m fallow» -O—tral U*f» WhMlInf . Km wood MoundvTllIc... 'larinfVm. ........... New MutiMTtl)«.. MenrUl* »... friendly *. Muy WllllUMiown Pa/k> nititirf .... HolUriUe...... Murr*r*rili« kUvro»«K»rf. „..... I*««rt T...m S>* Haveu. ........ llftAlurl .... Him iMj (Vtlna Ar're H. KImmbI " K. A 0. Juactta « OAlilBOik - «TiaiUtoo W»tf —Ipfcjt r.v a » s v> 4« « 6 12 ft A » «JI « 1« 7 7 A.a , 11 «M r. ■. 12 01, U s* 12 »! ■ m i 3 I v<i 3 iM ?| is !§ IS t A. ■ 7 « 7 M «« • a »14 tm I« MM Il M 11 M r ■ 12 U IM I 47 I M II • M SM 4M J" « Letra K. JanrUon OMUo Mam Cttf HarUM New U*r«a Mr' < .rtlte... Ä" JàiMûJjWlU«.. »«wood. ..—. Atrt Wbactta«. Antf*-OtrtfiM IKtttafr 1 Kt«£ WMtMd I • 1ft • 7 1 II % u a r.m. ia UMj 1M 1 « S U IM IÜ -»J S SS St I« sa ;| is M Mi. MM u 3. P.B. ISM, M Ä a , A. ■ J3_ m