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The Wheeling intelligencer. [volume] (Wheeling, W. Va.) 1903-1961, July 03, 1917, Image 1

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More Revelations of the Allies' Plight, Without America's Aid, in Second Pitney Article, in Friday s Intelligence!'.!
~~~~~~~ I **#?#??#????##*??????????
? The Weather
J Largest Morning Paper *
* Circulation in West Virginia. *
* . ?
TOLUME L X V . , NO. 27 0
* Fair Tuetday and Probably Wed.
^ * ne.day.
WHEELING, W . V A . , T U E S D A Y , .) l: L Y
One Hundred People Home
? less ? Soldiers Sent to
Scene as Guards.
CHARLESTON. W. Va.. July 2.?
Fire'originating in an oil store started
a disaster this afternoon at 1:30
o'clock which swept the little mining
town of Eskdale, n*ar here, destroyed
practically the entire business section
of the town, rendered over one hun
dred people homeless and caused a
loss in buildings, estimated at approx
imately $55,000. "which does . not in
clude the stock and furnishings ia
several of- the store*.
Appeals for aid were sent to this
city and tonight Adjutant General
John C. Bond is on the 3cene direct
ing relief work, and Colonel Morrison,
acting upon orders from Governor
Cornwell. sent a *<juad of soldiers
from the Second West Virginia regi
ment to act as guards. Every avail
able tent was taken to the scene to
afford shelter from the elements to
night and relief work will be fully
organized tomorrow.
The Are swept down the main street,
consuming twenty-four business houses
and dwellings in its path. Volunteer
fire fighters fought valiantly, but la
boring under the handicap of a strong
wind ' sweeping down Cabin Creek, it
was necessary to dynamite some
houses and to redouble efforts to pre
vent the Sre from consuming the en
tire town. .
Onlj ihr.ee stores are left in the
town, they being isolated from the
business sections. The heaviest loss
was sustained by A. Joseph's depart
tr-'nt s'or*. which was valued at $20.
nfw Risk Brother?" store and three
dwellings, valued at $10,000:' were de
stroyed. Other- losses were sustained
ranging from $2,000 to $500.
This' is the second disaster to visi;
Eskdale in a jcar. a flood having
swept the little town 1asi summet.
causing loss of life and general devas
tation. The town was Just raising it.
head from the ejects of th* previous
calamitv when ihe fire occurred.
Th" onlv injuries thus far reported
irrre some sligbt'burns sustained by
the fire fighters. -
State B. P. W. Refuses .Con
sideration of the Bonds
of Book Publishers.
CHARLESTON," W. Va.. July 2.
The State ? Board of Public
W?rk.> late to-day announced the
postponement of further consider
ation of the bonds of school text
book publishers,. and the Governor
was directed to request the State
text -bonk commission to recon
vene in Charleston at the earliest
practicable date for the purpose of
reconsidering its action as to the
adoption of the school books, in
which it recently made sweeping
chances. It was requested to meet
not later than .July I*.
Supplementing the resolution of
the board in submitting it to the
is embers of the book commission,
(jovcrnor Vormvell asked that the
board meet here ?luly 10, and ad
ded : V
"Von are' doubtless a""are that
the extensive changes in text
books made by ypur board at its
recent meeting is- much resented
throughout the State, and f trust
that the boa i?d oan Hod its way
clear to rc-assemble and give this
matter earnest reconsideration. '*
The resolution offered by Attorney
(Continued on PMrt T#n.)
Hundreds of Negro Women;
and Children Flee to
St. Louis.
Illinois National Guardsmen
on the Scene, but Can
Do Little.
EAST ST.~LOUIS. Ills.. July 2.
( ?At least fifteen negroes were
shot and killed by mobs bere
! tonight, as they fled from, their
I burning: homes which had been,
j set on fire by ?white mobs. The
I exact number who perished in
the burning houses is unknown
and will not be ascertained until
morning when the ruins are
searched, but State's Attorney
Schaumloeffel of St. Clair county,
i who drove through the riot swept
j district tonight with Police In*
1 spector Walsh of St. Louis, Mo.,
j estimated that the dead negroes
would number 2 50. All estimates,
I however, are conjectural.
Military rule was proclaimed at
I 8 o'clock tonight, and at the same
i time 300 white men wore arrested
j and locked up at police head
i quarters. Negro quarters in vari
? ous parts of the city are on Are
? and the flames reach the very
i edge of the business district.
j Estimates of the number of ne- i
g roes who perished in the fire
fan as high as 250 but there was
| nothing authentic on which to
i base these estimates, except that
j hundreds of whites stood around I
the edges of the burning districts |
! and fired a? the negroes as they I
! fled from their homes. '
At nine o'clock the Mayor of
; East St. Louis sent for Fire Chief li
Swigley of St. Louis, Mo., to as- \,
? sist in fighting the flanks which j
; threatened to destroy a large part ;
of the city. A company of the (
St. Louis fire department started
to Elast St. Louis, but was ordered
back by Chief Swlgley.
Vast clouds of smok* rolled
actoss the sky tonight from the
burning district. Flames made
some of the down town streets as
| light as day, and now and then
a yelling mob rushec' down a
} street In pursuit of a negro or
I in search of new victims. NaHon
i si guardsmen in auto trucks
I dashed at he mob. The shouting
j died down occasionally as bewil<j
ered people walked up and won i
! th? streets wondering where the
j last outbreak occurred.
Thp fires started about six i
1 o'clock this evening and spread !
j ranidly. Soon flames visible for
miles were shooting Into the sky.
I Hundreds of negro women, most
I of them carrying bundles that
I h'eld their most precious belong
ings. and leading small children.
fled across the bridge to shelter
and safety with friends on the
Missouri side.
Telephone wires were rut early
in the evening. As telegraph and
| telephone poles caught fire o her
wires went down.
The mobs in East St. Louis
' were swelled by hundreds of peo
! p]? who early in the evening
j crossed the river from St. Louis.
1 Mo. This added such a menace
j to the situation that at 8:3n
i o'clock the bridges were closed.
: This forced hundreds of residents
, of suburban towns to stay In St.
I Louis for the night.
As soon as street car traffic
ended at fi n. m.. crowds walked
( across the bridge into East Sti
! Louis by the thousands.
The mobs got Into a lynching
j mood tonight. One aged negro
: was strung up to a pole, but was
rescued just in time to save his
1 life. Soldiers rescued still anoth
j er negro who was being dragged
i through the streets.
Terrible Scenes Enacted.
Aft?r military rule had been pro
claimed, the soldiers put more vigor
into iheir methods to quell the mob.
Seventy-five white men attacked a ne
, gro In' front of a drug store down
town and shot 'him twice, attempted
to drag him to a pole, beating him as
(Continued on Ten.)
Manufacturers Light & Heat Co. Announces Advance of
40^ ? Proposed New Rates Go Into Effect August 1 ?
Advance is Big Surprise to Local Manufacturers.
Radical advances in the price of I
natural gas hare again been demand- 1
ed by the Manufacturers" Light & I
Heat. Company. ;
Notices were received by manufac- 1
turerg in the Pan Handle district yes- !
terday that the Manufacturers' Light I
A Heat Company had applied to the
Publfc Service Commission for an ad
vance In gas rates approximately 40%
hlgb#r than the present rates. The
new schedule proposed by the Manu
facturers' Light & Heat Company ig
as follows:
First 250,000 cubic fe*t, 29c.
? 725,000 -cubic fee t^ 26c.
2.000.000 cubic feet, 24c.
7,000,000 cubic feet, 23c.
40,000j000 cubic feet,. 22c.
The large majority of the Industrial !
plants In the Pan Handle district of
weft Virginia come under the fourth
classification, using between seven !
and forty million cubic feet of gas per j
month. Plants under rhis classfflca- i
tion at the present time are paying i
about 15c per thousand cubic feet for 1
gas. The rate of 23c. with the dis
count. will amount to 21.fic, and the '
proposed advance, therefore, is about I
6.6c per thousand, or a little over 40%. i
It will be remembered that a few I
months ago, following an amicable !
agreement reached between the Manu- j
facturers' association and representa- j
tives of the Manufacturers' Light & j
Heat Company, the State of West Vlr- i
ginia dropped its proceedings to pre- 1
vent an advance in gas rates charged
by the Manufacturers' Light & Heat
C'ompanv to the consumers in this sec- |
tion. That advance was approximate- >
]v from thirteen to fifteen cents. The j
Public Service Commission had. after j
a thorough investigation, found that 1
the advance of lac was not justified. !
and recommended a lowering of the
rates to about' 11c. Tending the litiga
tion. which was prolonged, the war
broke out. industrial conditions were
(Contlan?4 on Fife Nine)
Thp draft system Is one of equali
ty and fairness, President. Wilson
explained to-day in a proclamation
accompanying exemption and
draft regulations issued to-day.
His proclamation said: "Th?
regulations which I am to-day
causing to be promulgated, pursu
ant 10 the direction of the selec
tive service law, cover the remain
ing steps of the plan for calling \
into service of the United States
qualified men from those who
have registered; those selected as
the result of this process to con
stitute. with the regular army,
the National Guard and the navy,
the fighting forces of the nation,
all of which forces are under the
terms of the law placed in a posi
tion of equal right, dignity ana re
sponsibility with the members of
all other military forces.
"The regulations have been
drawn with a view to the needs
and circumstances of the whole
country, and provide a system
which, it is expected, will work
with the least Inequality and per
sonal hardships.
"Any system for selecting men
for military service, which is vol
untary or involuntary in its opera
tion, necessarily selects some men
to bear the burden of danger and
sacrifice for th? whole nation.
'Jfle system nere proviaen
all men of military age upon an
even plane, and then, by selection
?which neither favors the one nor
penalizes the other, calls out the
requisite number for service. j
"The successful operation of
this law and of these regulations
depends necessarily upon the loy.
alty, patriotism and Justice of the
members of the boards to whom
i its operation is committed .and 1
admonish every member of every
local boaxd and of each district
board of review that thetr duty
to their country requires an im
partial and fearless performance
of the delicate and different du
ties entrusted to them. They
should remember as to each indi
vidual case presented to them
that they are called upon to adju
dicate the most sacred rights of
the Individual and to preserve un
tarnished the honor of the nation.
"Our armies at the front will he
strengthened and sustained If they
be composed of men free from any
sense of Injustice in their mode nf
selection, and they will be in
spired to loftier efforts in behalf
of a country in which the citizens
called upon to perform high pub
lic functions perform thpm wifh
justice, fearlessness and impar
SUTTON, W. Va.. July 2.? The first
arrest under th? vagrancy law In
Braxton county occurred to-day. E. E.
Coulter, a miner employed by the West
Virginia Coal & Coke Company at Its
Bower mine, wan apprehended on a
charge of Tiolating that law.
Coulter is a leader among the mi
ners at that point, and for ihe last
month is said to have been endeavor
ing to organize the miners working ;
with him, and induce them to Join the ;
United Mine Workers' organization. :
By reason of this alleged activity he ?
and several others whom he had In- l
duced to join were discharged June
19. Since then they have been work
ing gardens and are said to have kept
up their effort to unionize the local
miners. A ?
Last Frldav Coulter came to Sutton
to defend himself against an eject
ment suit, the purpose of wh<ch was j
to eject him from the mine house he i
occupied Later, warrants were Issued ;
on oath of the/ mine superintendent |
charging Coulter and four others with j
vagrancy. There 1b r strike at this
mine, and the questions involved in
the vagrancy charges will be strenu- j
ouslv contested In the courts. Tbe
most important question Is whether
unionized labor can strike and the men
remain idle without violating the st^
ute agalnBt vagrancy.
' I
WASHINGTON, D. C.. July 2.?
A final draft of the war tax bill, re
duced from $1,800,000,000 to 5 1.670,
000.000. and carrying no provision for
additional bonds, was completed to
night by the Senate finance commit- |
tee and will be reported to the Sen- ;
ate to-morrow.
Next year's war expenses are placed
in new "estimates submitted to-day by
the Treasury Department at $2,326.
000,000. but Secretary McAdoo ad
vised the committee that additional
bonds were not necessary at this time.
The final committee vote on adopt
ing the revised bill was 12 to 3, Sena
tors La Follette, Gore and Thomas
uniting in support of "Senator La K"ol
lette's substitute ior raising all war '
tax from incomes, excess profits, li
quor and tobacco. The minority prob
ably will file a separate report and
urge its adoption. Virtually all other
committee members also reserved the
right to offer amendments to the com
mittee draft, completed after just six
weeks of deliberation.
The committee to-day approved in
creased taxes on "swollen" excess
profits to raise $18,000,000 additional
revenue. They increased the maxi
mum graduated tax on such profits
from 40 to 50 per cent., levying 40 p^r
cent, on excess profits between 150
and 200 per cent., 45 per cent, on
those between 200 and ?50 per cent.,
and 50 per cent, upon those over 250
per cent. These amendments would
few in all $748,000,000 on excess
profits, or $523,000,000 more than at
the present rates.
With the sale of bonds in l ho treas
ury .the committee estimated that, as
reduced to an aggregate of $1,670,
000.000. the revised bill will he short
$228,000,000 of meeting the probable
expenses of the war next year. It was
agreed that this sum, as well as addi
tional appropriations for 'he War and
Navv Departments not y t submitted,
should be provided for at the regular
December session of Congress.
The formal report of Chairman Sim
mons of the committee's revision will
not be presented until late this week,
or possiolv next week. It is to receive
the scrutinv of all members, in view ?
of the bi-partisan method of revision
the committee adopted.
CHARLESTON. W. V?? .July I. ?The
Second rr-Kim^nt troop* are to jriv* 1
minstrel nhnw In this city July 0 and 10.
rinns ar* also beinE mad" to taVjr. th*
production to Va rkorsbnrsf and Hunt
Inrton Th* entertainment Is belli?
Kiven as a benefit to purchase equip
ment for 'he atlil<*tioaH> inclined sol
diers tn camp. Some of the hr?t talent
in th1* s'nte Is represented. ,
125,203 Total of
W, h Registration
CHARLESTON, W. Va., July 2.
? The State bureau of military cen
(us and enrollment to-day an
nounced the total registration of
the State as 125,203, though atltl
subject to slight changes. The to
tal expense of the registration was
$26,195.37, of which ajnount $16,
528.85 was donated by the volun
teer registrars and board mem
bers, leaving thC-total cost to the
government $9,666.22. There were
2,423 volunteer registrars out of a
total of 3,630 used. Only 13 coun
ties returned any expenses for
boards, that amounting to $322.50.
BAN TXAirCXSCO, July a.? I I
According to cahle advlcss re- |
i ceired here by th- Chinese na- |
tloniOlst leasme, Chins in on the |
| verg-e of civil war with the north ]
I ready to fifht for the return J
of the Manchu dynasty and the '
1 southern provinces united for
the republic. The league Is the I
reorffanlred Young1 China party, |
?which ?<ded In financing the re- ]
rolt spaJnst the Jffanchus years
?r?. I
i ;
WASHINGTON. July 2. - Th<> re
storation of the Manchu dynasty in
China has b^cn demanded of Presi
dent Li by General Chant: Hsun and
other military leaders. accordlnc to|
state department advice* from Min
ister Reinsch today. Civil war . is
feared if the militarists have the'
power behind .them that they seem
to have. ?" ]
The monarchial coup d'etat camei
just at the time when peace was|
being resvorcd In China. The militar-|
Ibib, who had set up a separate gov-,
eminent at Tten Tsln in order to!
force President. Li to dissolve parlia- j
meiit. and the southern province*,
who had threatened armed resistance
to such action, had finally come to
gether. modified their demand* and
united behind President Li in a coal
ition cabinet. I
Minister Rcinsch's despatch, which
was dated noon yesterday, says Gen.
ChanK Hsun, military governor of
Anhwei province and leader of the
militarist patty, has suddenly with
drawn from the compact and sent an
ultimatum to President Li demanding
the immediate restoration of Emperor
Hsuan Tung, whose abdication of the
MRnchu throne on February 12. 1912.
ushered in the Chinese republic.
Thane Hsun was supported hv Shu
Shi-Chang, guardian of the boy cm
peror and former member of the
council of i>rate under the Manehus.
and by Kan Yen Wei and other old
type statesmen.
" No indication has been received of
President Li's attitude but as he is a
?:t rone republican and constitutional
ist it is expected he will resist the
ultimatum as lone as any chance of
success lemains.
6'r?,ul if lli? lnleltii?n'?r
CLARKSBURG, W. Va.. July 2. ? ]
Because their autor tobile broke down,
causing a forced h; ft. men giving the i
names of H. F. jw >m and John Gun-!
nirgham. of Parfe sburg, are tonight. j
prisoners in th# Doddridge jail at I
West Union. av.,it ing trial, charged]
with haulirg 3r'0 ,'i.ntF of whiskey
into the state. On ; h e way to Clarks-j
burg they were arreted at Long Run.
nenr Salem, tak?n tn Sal?m. ajid this
afternoon transfer <?d to West Union.
I Assault Personally Led by the
Waj- Minister Kerens Icy ?
French Regain Trenchcs.
Prisoners exceeding ten thou
sand and the capture of the village
of Koniuchy and .strongly fortified
posit ions southwest ui' Brzezany
are the first fruits of the new of
fensive movement of the Russian
forces in Eastern Galicia. North
of Koniuchy the Russians have at
tacked. and fresh battles are in
j The Russian artillery, long in
active front lack of shells, played
an important part in the defeat of
the Austro-Germatis at Koniuchy.
For two days a rain of iron was
thrown into the German positions,
and Berlin says officially that they
were turned Into a crater field.
The Russians not onlj carried
three lines of German trcnches and .
Koniuchy. which was stronglj for
tified, but also advanced to the
Koniuchy stream south of the vil
lage, which is on the /lota Li pa
Around Ilr7.e7.any the fighting ?
was most bitter, and Berlin claims
that. 36 Russian divisions were
thrown forward. The Russians
carried the fortified Teuton posi
tions at several points in face of
a desperate resistance by the Aus
trian. German and Turkish troops.
Minister of.Vt'nr Kerenzky per
sonally led the. Russian revolu
tionary army in its forward move
ment. and in a message to Pre
mier Lvoff says that the offensive
"proved in Russia and the entire
world its fidelity 10 the revolution
and iis love for liberty and coun
The premier has authorized Min
ister Kerr>nsky to yive the regi
ments which participated in 'the
fighting of July 1 red revolution
ary flags, ami the nam" "Regi
ments of July First." ?
On the western front there has
heen little marked activity. Roth
the British and Germans have
earried out raids in the area
1 around Lens and northward. On
t the pastern front, between C'erny
' and Allies*, the French have re
i gained a line of trenches from the
I ficrmans after spirited fightinc.
| In the Trentino. south of Riva.
the Austrian* have atlacked it*
along positions between Lake Gar
? da and the Ledro Valley. Rome
1 reports that all the Austrian ef
| forts were checker! with loss.
WASHINGTON." ' 1?. July 2.?
$;?fret investigation hj government
agents has disclosed the existence of a
great conspiracj to dest roy or hinder
shipping on the Great Lakes and
thereby delay organi7.ation of Ameri
can war armies and check Hie flow of
! food and munitions and material from
jthe Western States to the Atlantic
[coast. No conspirators ha\p been cap
I Hired and the identity of none has
been made publie. but it was learned
1 to-day that the Slate. Navy and Jus- J
tice Departments are co-operating to 1
bring the offenders to punishment, and j
that the Canadian government prob- j
ablv will be called upon to .help.
The plot, engineered by Germans, |
assisted by sympathizing American I
citizens, is believed to have been re- .
sponsihi" for the succession of "acci
dents" to lake shipping, especially^ in I
the neighborhood of the Saul! Sle. 1
Marie canal, which began about a
month ago.
1 All of the vessel? . concerned had
been, nr \\ erp about lo be, taken over
by the Navy IViiartmont. and the in
vestigations of the Department of Jus
tice and the Navy Department have j
tended to ihe conclusion that, what
were believed to have been accidents
were the acts of conspirators seeking
to hamper the government in their
prosecution of the war.
Today Is (be clay of days, tbe be-,
ginning of the week of weeks. The I
hour is one o'clock thin afternoon and j
Hip place is on the State Fair Grounds
whore the big events of entertain-!
menr and enjoyment are to be staged. |
It will be the center of pleasure and
the spot of recreation all this week
I for the thousands who will visit
j Wheeling from ibis morning until
I midnight next Saturday.
I The bip-mid-sumnier exposition, un-!
dor thp auspices of tbp Wheeling Drtv. j
lug Club, will be formally opened at. j
! noon today for a week. The programs'
? for the five days includes even- kind j
? of entertainment for all classes of I
! people There will he racing. One J
i hundred and twenty-five of th* best |
I horses on this circuit will tbrow tb?
; dust this week. Th* starting bell
will bp runs: at 1 o'clock. Between
) races the horse show will be given,
and Miss Anna Woodward, thp prima
I donna will sing. There are all kinds
: of amusements on the grounds.' In
J eluding the Rutherford great shows.
the biggest and best aggregation of
! the kind In the country. Dancing will
: be on during thp afternoon and until
j midnight every day this week. Thp
I mammoth npw swimming pool will
j also bp formally opened today. The
, exposition hall, where scores of mer
chants have fine displayp, will also bp
; ready Everything was gotten in
? shipshape last night for the opening
today of Wheeling's crackerjack week
| of fun. frolic, racing, horBe show and
| rh? other features of education and
; enjoyment.
i Washington. July 2.? Twenty
[ fiv? million dollars wa.? placed to th?
' 'Terllt of Great Britain by Secretary
MrA<inn, hrlturlnt: the loans to thRt na
tion up to J.S ?.?>. flop, POO and th? total
loaned all the allies to $
WASHIirOTOir, July a.-? Poracaat:
Ohio, Wasters Pennsylvania, WMt
Virginia ? Pair Tn??4ay and probably
Control Extended to Metals,
Cotton, Wool, Fertilizer
and Other Products.
WASHINGTON. July 2. ? Contro
versy in the senate over the food con
trol bill and its prohibition feature
reached such an acute stage today
that formal step.* were taken by ad
ministration leaders 10 limit debate
and force a final vote this week by
invoking, for the first time, the
senate's new cloture rule.
Within a half hour many more than
the necessary sixteen senators' signa
tures to cloiture motion were secured.
Senator Chamberlain. In charge of the
bill, announced to the senate later
that he would offer the motion tomor
row and ask for a vote upon it Thurs
day. Its adoption would require a
two-thirds vote and thereafter would
limit each senator's time upon the bill
and ail amendments to one hour.
Many senators say that until the pro
hibition issue is settled, the necessary
two-thirds vote for cloture cannot be
secured. Others point out, however,
that the vote on shutting off debate
at least will "show up on record
those not in favor of expediting the
bill as desired by the president.
Control Extended.
The movement for use of the clo
ture rule, adopted after the filibuster
last winter on the armed neutrality
bill, came after the senate had:
adopted the section by a vote of 42 to,
16. extending government control, In
addition to food and fuels, to iron and
steel, copper,' cotton, wool, hides and
skins, lead, aluminum, fertilizers,
farm implements, hemp and other
binding twine materials,, and their
A fast and furious skirmish on pro
hibition occurred for a half hour just
before the senate recessed tonight to
meet an hour earlier than usual to
morrow. The "wets" and "drys"
clashed when Senator Penrose, oppos
ing any attempt at. cloture, suggested
that prohibition's friends had been de
laying action. Senator Jones of
Washington vehemently denied the
charge and asserted that the delay
has been causcd by prohibition oppo
Senator Shepard asked unanimous
assent for a vote tomorrow on the
lintjor question but Senator Penrose
Prohibition Dispute.
A dispute over prohibition was
opened anew by the action of the ag
ricultural committee in approving 6
to 5 an amendment by ,,enator trbre
proposing that manufacture of dis
tilled spirits shall be prohibited and
'(Oontlnu?d on Part lflno)
?r>r<v?i nupwh to th? inipilismw.
CLARKSBURG. W. Ya.. July 2. ? A
special grand JUrv to Investigate the
alleged shipment nf several carloads
of beer into Weston was called for
July lo-dav at Weston, by Judge
Haymond Maywell, of the Harrison
Lewis Circuit Courts, thereby presum
ably giving a number of residents a
Officers of 'he court have been In
formed that the beer was shipped in
barrels mis-labeled as raw materials,
for, various industrial plants, and that
many barrels are now stored in cellars
and elsewhere in the city. Several of
the barrels have been seized and one
or two arrests made.
Method of Selection Remains
to Be Announced by tlie
War Department.
Preparation for the mobilization
of ibe first contingent of 625,000 X
troops of the new national army '<?
advanced another step to-day
when President Wilson promnf
gated the regulations to govern y
exemptions from military service. ??,
Local and appeal exemption
boards already have been appoint*
ed, and the issuance of the regu- Y
lations will permit them to organ*
ize immediately and prepare for
the concluding phases of the taak
of getting the men under training .
for duty in France.
In the order in which they mast
come, there are three steps In the ~
organization process of the na
^.ional army as prescribed by Con*
gress. They are registration, se- :
lection and exemption. The first
Btep has been carried through and
approximately 10.000.000 men be
tween 21 and 31 years of age have
been registered. The regulations
Issued to-day cover in detail the
operation of the third step, exemp- i ?
tion. < ' v"
Method of Selection. 1
Information concerning the sec
ond step in the series, however, .
is still lacking and officials are? -
guarding closely the method by- -
which selection is to be applied.- *
The exemption regulations an-* "
nounced that the boards will be"v"
advised of the selection process
later, although none of the steps
possible except the organisation -?
of the boards can be carried on
until the selection machinery has
furnished the names of the men
of whose fitness and desirability^,
for army service the boards ara -
to judge. There is one polnt^
however, as to how the selective
machinery is I o work.- The local
boards are directed upon organ* *
ization to take over from the reg
istratlon precincts the cards and"
lists of the men registered on
June 5, and as their first duty to -*
provide a serial number for each *'?*
registration card. This has given
support to the belief that tha
selection is to be by" number. ;?
Reports were current recently. .,
that the selection drawing was to.1'-,
be made in Washington.
Called Out September 1. -;V
Presumably tbe process of ee'vV'
lection will be announced only
short time before it U pnt In .
operation. September 1 has been' '
the tentative date set for calling
the 625,000 of the first contingent V
to the colors for training. Proft^
ress with construction of tie six-,
teen divisional, cantonments for.
the troops will govern that actios,- *
however. It is now believed there
will be no serious delay. ' . . <
The exemptions process will
not take a great deal of time. It ?
i 3 difficult to calculate the time
the local boards will need in pass- -
ing on the cases that come before
them: The regulations provide,
however, that decision In any in
dividual case shall not be delayed- ?
more than three days by tbe loeal '
board or an additional five days :
where appeal Is taken to tbe dis
trict boards. The whole process '
(Coattaued oa Par* Mere a.) ?
flP ,
Around Keyser Jail, Wheft
Saloonist P. Weisengoff is
Confined ? Fear Violence. !?'
epfcltl PiiM'ch to th? Inultlrrarar.
KEYSER, \V. Va., July 2>-r
Following the securing of requisi
tion papers, Peter Weiriaengofl^
the saloon keeper of Weatemport;
Md., was removed from Cumber?
land to the' Mineral county jii?
AVeinsengoff, who was driving his
auto in Piedmont, which collided
with a bridge while Sheriff Donald
P. Davis, of Keyser, was on the
running board, endeavoring to ar> ;
rest "Weinsengoff for violation of
the liquor laws, is charged witlT
the murder of Davis. - r
Because of the feeling, a guard
is maintained around the jail. ...
fi . 9
Cripples, Men With One Eye and Uncured Wounded Are
Being Sent to Trenches in Desperate Effort to Hold
the Line Till the U. S. Army Can Come Up. ?:) ?
TMi la the am of a aerlM of ar
ticiee on conditions la Prune# by
Fred B. Pitney, who has represented
the Tribune la that country. X* has
Juit returned. Ba is believed to ba
the only newspaper writer now la
this country who was In Frenee
when thi war started, and lived
with It continuously during nearly
three years. X* has a rnai deal ?(
lafo rami ton, not necaaarllj of mili
tary value, which has narer been
reportad by mall or cable. The aec
ond of- his articles will appear on
July 5.
(By rtXD B. PIT1TBT.)
Copyright, 1917 bj- the Tribune associa
Men with one eye are being eent
back to the front In France.
I know of a. scissors grinder who
pushed his little grindstone on wheels
aronnd the streets of Paris, blowing
a trumpet to And ndd Jobs. He had
been mobolized at thn beginning of taa
wax, spent a year In the trenches, and
I then loot an eye through the work. of
I a. German sniper when doing sentinel ?
J duty In the first line. Several months
; later he was able to get out bis little
jrrindstone and begin again to push,
if through the streets. Two months
ago he wan called to the colors again
and sent back to the front.
France han to hare every man
can get to put into her first line
Five Months In Hospital, Then Back
to the Front
In April I was coming up from .the
Riviera to Paris and I fell Into talk J
on the train with a Chasseur Alpines
whose beret was pushed back on hia
head, exposing a big scar over hla.
rijrht eye.
"why do yqu wear your beret back
like that?" I aoked him. "I ahoold
think you would want to hM* that
soar." . *
| "I have to wear it. back," ha W\:
I ( Oeuttantfl ea T%f* M.)
: ,1 >

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