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fABM NEWS AND VIEWS. The breed fowls are said to be di Tided into sitters and non-sitters. I is true that certain breeds, such a: the Leghorns, never sit, while othe -breeds, of which the Light Brahms may be selected, hatch one or men broods in a year. Can this sittitj propensity be controlled? it is possi ble to a certain extent. Try; the foi lowing experiment, which has beet tested by many who were successful -Have a pen of Light Brahmas and on< of brown Leghorns (separate!; us in? pure breeds. Feed the Brahmai wholly on nitrogenous food and keei them in exercise by compelling then to scratch for all they get. They wil probably lay from early in the yeai until moulting. Feed the Leghorn: mostly on grain and give them verj little exercise; allow them to get fat -and the result will be that they wil probably sit. Reverse the experimem and the result will be that the Brah Jnaa wiu ?>ii. i ue icaouu tuat oumv certain breds do not sit is that thej easily become fat and are less active The maternal, or sitting, instinct ex Jsts in all hens, but fat on the body is nature's provision for their suppori and warmth while on the nest, and until the hen is so provided she sel <3oin sits. The provision is a wise one for the sitting hen remains closel> to her nest, seldom coming off foi food. The root- crops ar among the most important grown. So far as actual food value is concerned they do nol >ranl? high, but they are always relished by stock in winter because the> afford a change of food, thus promot ing the appetite and keeping the ani mals in condition. It is a mistake to plant field beets in narrow rows, so that all the wort has to be done by hand. There is a little hand labor needed while the plants are small, but after .that all the "work of cultivation can be best done with the cultivator. If the horse is careful and steady, a width of two feel between the rows is sufficient for all the Kinds ot dggis. jjul iucu lu)>c will grow so large as to completely shade the soil between. The mangel wurtzel grows still larger, and should be planted in rows two feet six inches or two feet ten inches apart, and thinned to ten inches apart in the rows. Even at this distance the man gel tops will completely shade the ground, and the roots will grow sc that they will nearly or quite toucli each other. By thus using horse laboi for cultivation the beet crop may be very easily and cheaply grown. It is not looking for too much in a lierd of cows to have every animal yield 2.500 quarts in a year, but the value of the milk will depend upon the amount of butter derived. When the herd is deficient in the production ol milk or butter there is but one reme dy for the evil, and that is to breed for better cows. The trough of foot is very important, but the main point that should be kept in view is the ad vantage of breeding for the character istics sought. When the capacity oi the cow is increased the farmer car convert a larger proportion of bulky foods into beef, milk and butter. Rape may be sown in April or May It is not a hay or fodder plant, but produces an abundance of green food The Essex variety is preferred. Sow it in drills, so as to permit of culti vation. It should make a crop in si> weeks, but may be cut and fed at any time earlier if desired. It remain? on the ground until late, like cab base, and cows, sheep and hogs reiisr it. Three pounds of seed per acre may he drilled, or four pounds broad cast. The heat, in a hive of bees wher the weather is very warm is increas ed by the animal heat given off froir the bodies of the insects. This shoulc remind those who have bees that the hive bust be in the shade or the col ony will become reduced by disease The most honey is only secured wher the colonies are large and healthy. Guessing at. the product of a cow h very common. Farmers can very eas lly arrive at a knowledge of the amount, of milk .produced, but it i: not easy to know how much foot lias been consumed unless it is weigh ed. The cost of the food is also an other "Item to observe, and by fullj understanding the receipts and ox penses of each cow the most uuprofl .table in the herd can be disposed of When the patrons of the creamer} formerly took their milk to the cream cries, and were paid by the can, irre sptScUve of quality, there was no in ducement for them to improve th< quality of milk. Since the advent o the milk tester each patron's milk cat be judged as to the proportion o butter fat it. contains. The metho( of testing for butter before it is churn ed is sure to give correct results ant will do much in forcing farmers t( improve their stock and thereby ge rirl of the scrubs. Clean out the feet of horses whei thev ijome in from the field after thi \ day's work is done, and brush out the fetlocks, the neck and breast, and if there is any sign of tenderness bathe i- with salt water, or vinegar and water, t If the work horses do not go out into s the pasture to get grass occasionally r give each a pound of carrots or rnani gels two or three times a week. No e work horse sho"Id be fed dusty hay. % The cattle can eat it, but it clogs the - lungs of the horses and brings on - coughs that may become trouble1 some. 2 There has always been some doubt ; in regard to the propriety of sowing 9 UU*CI L10.J V 1=1 J COi 1J *4-4 IUC OJ,, lUf,. ? At the Michigan station seed was 1 sown on plots every growing month i iff the year by way of experiment, r That seeded in March did fairly well, 5 but the plots seeded in April, May. 7 June and July did better, the August , plants not growing very large. The I amount of rain and other conditions I were not stated. The results do not - accord with those obtained by farmers i in this section, as the March wheat ' seems to thrive best. Corn ensilage weighs from 40 to 50 ; pounds per cubic foot. depending t mainly on the height of the ensilage L above it and" the compression to - which it is subjected. Probably 40 i to 45 cubic feet will be the usual - bulk of a ton of ensilage. It is worth * fuly one third the value of hay, ton for ton. though it is rather cheaper for most farmers to put up three tons : of ensilage, including cutting it, than I one ton of hay. as all the way from 15 ; to or more tons of succulent corn fodder can be grown on land where r it would be difficult to cut two tons - of meadow hay. When making a garden have a place for herbs, sucli as sage, thyme, balm, dill, sweet marjoram, etc. They will always be found useful and may be grown from seed. No man ought to be employed to drive or care for a.team that is not naturally fond of horses. If he does not-like them he will be likely to negL lect and spoil a good team. Such a ; man ought to drive mules or oxen, ' or work out his living with a spade I or pick. It does not take a careless L or heedless man long to spoil more ? horse-flesh than his wages amount to I in a season. A bad-tempered man i will spoil the temper of the best horse. i A cow which yields a product of > $100 a year is pretty sure to be a payl ing investment if bought at a rcasona* ble price. One which will give you ' but half that amount, as many of them do. is a poor thing to keep, even if a gift. Have good cows or none. If . buying do not be guided by tlic eye. L Value depends upon the cow's yield s of milk and not upon her beauty. ; Marrying a Drinking Man. One of the Cincinnati papers lately . opened its columns to a symposium [ in answer to the question: "What [ should a girl do upon the discovery : that the man to whom she is engag. ed is addicted to drink? Ought she . to break the engagement or to try to reform him?" L Various answers were given. In - general they warned against the marriage. We found the appended letter one of great pathos and suggestive,ness. and think it eminently worth : while to give to our readers as it is full of good sense and deals with a vital subject: 4*I would like to appeal 10 cue gin : who wants to marry the man who - drinks (perhaps just a little at first). y Being the wife of a drunkard, also the . mother of two, I could reveal heartL aches and misery that are beyond be; lief by telling my own life history for _ twenty-five years past. If I could save one soul from being a drunkard's companion. I would do it. L "I believe any girl who deliberate. !y stands before a minister of God, L taking the man's hand, saying, "For 1 better or worse, until death.* knowing v he drinks, that girl commits murder, for siie cannot reform him by her good example. If he won't quit bel fore marriage, he won't after. Then, if she is willing to risk her own soul she has no right to risk the souls of her children, for they are to be expected, and it is only one case in thousands .that the children do not | follow the father. I did not. marry Ma man to reform him. as 1 scarcely knew what drink was, hut i nave tried, O so hard, by kindness and lov* i ii ec a flee Li on, to get him to stop hill drinking. When he is sober, whidh is very seldom now. he will toll you he has the purest, sweetest, and best * wife in the world, ami when he is drunk he will curse us all until I al ' most doubt there is a God to judge. - This man has fine talents, is well - educated, and was once a prosperous - business man. I say to any girl wil ling to marry a drinking mail, let f her go into the police court and there * look at the broltcn-drunkards. f "Some say. *0. 1 would get a di1 vorce; I wouldn't live with him!' 1 - think that is easier said than done, 1 for the vows read, 'For better or :> worse, till death,''and if you know t of the drink you will he pretty sure to get. it worse, and the minister says, 'What God has joined together 1 let no man put asunder.' "?A Drunk2 ard's Wife. EVERY PA1 RALSTON HI ( HAS INVISIBLE C WHICH PERFECTLY V This Is one reasoi "HEALTH Oxfords and bals The Price is $4. RANDAL 317 IVI NO PLACE FOR THE PEANUT. Cotton Is Slowly But Steadily Crowding It Out of the South. We are told that the great doctrine of the solidarity of mankind is being: enforced as never before by the discoveries of modern science. Medicine. enconomics, biology, physics, in their latest developments, teach us with hitherto unapproaclied force that all men and all things are so bound together that what affects one affects all. It is an impressive truth. Consider the case of man. the cotton crop and the peanut. Within the last few years the consumption of the peanut has vastly increased. The interesting legume has fought its way over prejudice and contempt to a place of unchallenged preeminence in popular esteem. Sneers have not prevailed against it. Contumely in the presence of unparalleled popularity of the peanut hides at last its diminished front. Last year we broke the wrinkled shells of 5,000,000 bushels of pindars and ate some billions of arachian "nuts." If essentially the choice of a plebeian taste, if the rich and fastidious prefer a dainty delicacy, the peanut is without rival in the favor of the multitude. But now observe The plant arachis hypogaea demands an early spring, a hot and moist summer and a sandy, friable loam. But these are conditions required by another plant of-great usefulness and value?namely, cotton. With this staple at a normal value. Virginia. North Carolina. Georgia and Tennessee have found it advantageous to devote a part of their acreage to the edible at'the expense of the sartorial crop. But lately cotton has been going 11 p and the South is naturally planting it to the neglect of other crops, unhappily almost to the exclusion of the peanut. Thus we sec that such an unimportant fact as the value per bale of cotton vitally affects human happiness in a remote particular. VAST FARMING OPERATIONS. Plowing Done With Traction Engines in California. Six hundred acres ol' San Joaquin county land are being turned over every t wenty-four hours by plows hauled by traction engines. There are now fifteen traction engines engaged in plowing on lands in this county, and each engine plows from forty to fifty acres per day, says rhe Stockton Record. On the islands a few of the engines are kept plowing night and day. These pear land engines arc provided with headlights as powerful as those used on modern locomotives, bv the aid of which the engineer is enabled to follow his last furrow as closely as iri the daytime. Not only* does this bis steam horse plow the land, but it seeds and harrows it at the^same operation on land which is to be planted to stain. Each plow is fitted with a seeding; device, behind which follow teetli that cover the Stain just at the proper depth. Four men and a span of horses and a w&gon make up the crew of one of these bis plowing machines. On the engine are the engineer and fireman. The third man rides on the plows and the fourth hauls the seed, oil and water to the out fit as it is needed. Rich Gold Discovery in Caucasus. ST. PETERSBURG. April 21.?Popular excitement caused by the present war has in many quarters been almost obscured by the discovery of rich gold bearing sand in Caucasus. A railway is being built to the locality, but owing to the lack of capital, there* is not much possibility of the gold being mined in the near future. It was learned to-day that the grand son ot the last of the Uhrigis ivhans had offered 10,000 roubles for the equipment of a cavalry force in Manchuria. Hosiery sale at Stem pie's, Saturday. April 23d. ; x - . l'\ . [R OF THE EALTH SHOE ; an /ORK SOLE iKES THEM WATERPROOF. ri why they are a I SHOE." in tan and black. The Value, Best. ?L & CO. ain St. Going to Paint? The initial step to proper paintintj is the selection ot proper paints. We sell only the best paints that it is possible to make. Also full line Wall Paper and Room Moulclina. A. M. KNIGHT, Jacobs Block. Monroe St. Is Wow Open ABBOT'S BOARDING HOUSE Next to the New Jacobs Building on Monroe Street. Furnished Rooms. Table Board. Rntire house newly furnished. Baths, all conveniences. Rooms are lar&'e, airy, comfortable, homelike. Reds are soft, new and well taken care of. Board will he the best and lots of it. For rates call at house. Fine parlor for all. QR. L. B. SURK, Treatment ol E,ije, E,ar, Nose and Throat. HOURS?12 to .'1 p. m., 7 to 0 j>. m.: otherwise by appointment. Office 304 Main Street. J. L. INGRAM, ^ * ?? J&. ? f tlH ^ r guarantees satisfaction in all his work. Screen doors a specialty. Estimates free. 718 Gaston Ave. HAMILTON fit HUFFMAN, are located on the second floor of the People's Bank Building. They are prepared to do paving*, grading* cementing and all work in their line on short notice. HENNEN SUITS THE STANDARD EOR Particular Men. Designs Different, Colorings New, Workmanship Unexcelled. T. W. II ENN EN, MERCHANT TAILOR. X have three of the best lots inAIorfor sale at a very low rate. H. H. LANHAM. x ..Goal tiouse Fun The greatest displ ever was seen in the cit CARP Our Carpet Depart ing to buyers. Matting; Cloth iu great varieties. 2,000 feet of floo clusively to Cliiua---all g We are prepared t complete in every detail Stoves, Cooking Ut iteware. Come and see us. ..Goal I house Film In Hie Good Old Swim Everybody Needs Keirlc we have just famous Whiti rect from the f which enables ft Refrigerator as Low As to variety, be found in th< in and look th of the Jacobs-f J. L. ftftLL, Leading Hi IA/YEK L. C. vvyer. Come in and see us. Go looker becomes a buyer. No vaz make you money. We do not z it at the right price. We have tl in the state. & WYER & ] Real Estate Brokers, 322 IVL / Bell Phone, 13/ . 1. -v-) V V . City.. lisiiino 60. Lay of Furniture that yETS! ment is very iuterest= T.innlonms fl.nH Oil MA! r space devoted exrades. o furnish your liouse " ensils, Tin and Gran6ltU.. ichinn nn iiaimiy uu. finer Time lerators.... bought a large supply of the > Mountain Refrigerators diactory at car load lot prices, us to give you as $6.00. we have the largest line to e city. Do not fail to come em over?on the third floor iutchinson fcSlock. ardware Store. /VIASON. R. I;. Mason. out and have a look. Every itter where you buy we can \ iccept property unless we get | re best timber and coal lands ? MASON, lin St., Fairmont, W. Va. Con. 282. ' "