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DELIVERED AT THE FIRST SAP; T1ST CHURCH BY REV. J. A. 1 MAXWELL, OF McKEES PORT, PA., AT THE COMMENCEMENT EXERCISES OF THE CHURCH LIBRARY SYSTEM OF CHRISTIAN EDUCATION. SUBJECT: '^CHRISTIAN EDUCATION AND THE LOCALCHURCH." LARGE CROWD WAS PRESENT. r Takng the Scriptural analysis of man, he is made up of body, soul and spirit. This is the most reliable statement concerning the constituent parts of a man that I know of. If 1 > wanted to know how many parts ' there are in a watch I would take ' the statement of a watch-maker before I would the statement of a 1 blacksmith, because' he made the : watch. There are some psychologists and physiologists who say that there are only two parts in a man. But I would rather take God's word, be- ' cause He has made a man anu the i psychologists haven't. .When God 1 made Adam, He certainly knew what He put into him. Weil, there being ' three pants to a man. every [tart is : a subject for development. We begin this life with these three parts in a ! very weak and helpless- condition, yet 1 in them are potencies and possibili- ' ties that no person can measure. s When Lyman Beecher was born he 1 weighed two and a half pounds, yet in that two and a half pounds were ! possibilities and potencies wrapped up ' that no one of the whole world ever ( dreamed of. It was ail there in that ' little bunch of two and a half pounds. ' The problem of education is not to ' put things into people, but bring out 1 of them what God has put into them ' at birth. 1 me necessity ui meuiai ucvcivj ment is very great, seeing the money and care expended. But then man has a soul also, a soul that requires development just as truly as does the body or does the mind. Culture is as necessary for the soul as for the mind or body. A person has no more, trn! v a full-.fiedged soul when he comes into the world than he has a full-fledged mind. There is no greater need for mental development than there is for Chris tian education. When the development of the mind does not Iteep pace with the development of the body, injury is sure to result. These two must be developed together. They are so vitally related that we cannot have a high state of cultivation in one without the same in the other. But when we put the emphasis upon mental^anri physical development to the disregard of the soul's cultivation, injury is bound to result also. When a man's head is bigger than his bodyit isn't a healthy state. When a man's head is bigger than liis heart or soul it isn't a healthy state. It is an abnormal condition. Now, if yot: were to observe, the heresy that disturbs our churches comes from sources where the intellectual predominates, where men's heads are larger than their hearts. Christian education is important. But here's the question: Who is to give it? Where are people to get this Christian education? From our public schools? No; certainly not. The public school, as it is now, has no right to teach anything distinctly Christian. It is not its function. Well, shall we depend upon our colleges and universities, founded and maintained by Cnnstian 1 money to do it? Well, there are two things facing us at this point. The ^ first is that they are not doing it. The 1 devotional and religious atmosphere 1 and life of our colleges and universi- t ties to-day are not calculated to culti- 1 vate a very high religious life. People are sending their sons and daughters r to our great educational institutions r "With faith in the Bible and the church a and in Jesus Christ, to have tliem 1 come home with a sneer on their coun- f tecance for what they once believed, t with no greater appreciation for the c church and prayer and Bible read- t ing, and often not as much, as when c they left the home. 1 Why. a professor in one of our great ^ universities read to a class in English t literature two pages from a book that ? contained allusions to or illustrations i from the Bible and scarcely anybody c in the large class before him knew i what. thr.v moant. There was no per- t son there who had ever heard ot the t waters of Marah. or the Cave of Ada! i luni, or the Valley of Dry Bones. Well, where are you going to get it? < We come back to two institutions to : get it: The church and the family. ( Let us take up the family. There t stands the fact again that the family < isn't doing it. The family altar, fam- i ily Bible reading, family prayer, fam- ' ily devotion, all this is of the pa3t. t It is not of the present. While it is i to be sadly deplored that it is so, 1 while we should hang our heads in ( shame that it is so and weep bitter 1 tears that it is true, yet, friends, it is . so. Nothing is to be gained by wink- i ing at it. It is so. Why, the presi- 1 dent of the Western Reserve TJniversi- i ty sent out a large number of Bible p questions to young men who had been o brought up in Christian homes, which a he .had them answer without invest: h Ration, and it was alarming what they r did not know. One said that Joseph 1 of Arimathea was a young man who h had a coat of many colors. Another t said that Saul, the son of Kish. was v converted on his way to Capernaum. C Two young men were discussing this b matter one day, when the one said d to the other: "I'll bet you ten dollars V that you don't know the Lord's pray- j C er." He took him up. He said "Mow t; just listen to me repeat it?'This y night I lay rue down to sleep.' " The a other fellow broke in and said "Here's c your ten dollars, for you do know u c after all." We are driven back to y the local church for the securing of i c what we caii Curistian education. J t] I congratulate you upon what I he-- j e lieve is a solution for one of the I o gravest things that confronts us as ; t< churches co-day. the lack of Christian j ti education. Having: now come slow * i] to the college in the First Baptist j t] Church of Fairmont, let us take a few f< moments to see what Christian educ i o tion will do for people. c It Will Produce Steadfastness. ' C There is a vacillation and unrelia- t< bility and shiftiness among so many j lc people that they readily fall a prey \ s? to any new ism that comes along. ] g Tliey don't have any back bone, any j C stamina, any power to resist, but just \\ field to the latest fad of the times. o They are easily carried away. The e: east wind catches them up like down j tl ind oh ^_ey go. In Mrs. Ward's book a Robert Elsmere. you know she repr- d :ents a dbntest between "Squire Wei - :i lover and Robert Elsmere. 'Squne C iVendover is against Christianity. In ; u speaking with Robert Elsmere he I a; lrops a few words against the-mira- I tl lies and claims of Christ, and Robert ; p Slsmere just surrenders without a pro- | k est. He puts up no counter argument, j J< >ut throws up his hands without a j .vara. i\ow nun is> ci n uc i-"*- < j?. are of things as they now are among nany churches. When I first went U .6 McKeesport, I called on the meni- ^ iers. and one lady told me: "O Mr. Maxwell. I am not a Baptist any long- ^ ?r. I have' joined the Russelites." 1 ' :aid I was sorry, told her wherein 1 ^ hought she was wrong, left her in * he hope that she would see her error l\ ind repent. The next time I saw her ^ asked her if she was of the same ^ nirtd as when I saw her before. She ;aid: "O no; I have changed my nind in regard to that belief." I was j ^ dad. hoping that she had changed for lie better. "No. no." she said. "! u lave joined the Christian Science Church." Well, I told her wherein 1 ,?J houglit she was wrong and left her. .v loping that my words had done some IS ,rood. The next time I called. 1 j isked her if she was still of the same nind as when I last talked with her. O. no." she said. "I have joined the j spiritualists." E thought, well, surely j m hat's the end; she is as far as she ! ^ :nn go. I have not seen her for-sev- j j tral years, but I know that if there I (T ias anything new come along that i he has joined it. Now. what does hat woman neecl? Why. she needs ' Christian education. Take spiritual- j}< sm, for instance, the last ism to cl t'hich I knev; that she surrenderee; Cow. she thought that it was some- tl It ins new, just going to sweep "the 1)1 vhole world in a few weeks. What ni vould an education do for her? Why. cj he would learn that this fake is as old c is the hills: that the Brahmins held n( eances, made tables dance, heard G wrappings thousands of years ag?>. *c Vhy. she would learn that one thous.nd years before Christ the Greeks iracticed Spiritualism. She would lave learned that all the fathers tell is of these things practiced; that ohn denounced the Nicolaitans or Inostics, just Spiritualists, in his episle, that it is nothing new. but somehing that has been tried for fou.* housand years and found to yield lothing but revenue for the mediums. At the present day there is a curen t, dangerous current, in which nany, many people are being caught ind carried away from the truth and lope of the Gospel. Personally, I re :ard nothing more dangerous than the eaching, attracting so many, as to the livinity of Jesus Christ. I mean the eaching by which fie is regarded as l good man. the best man the world tas ever known, exemplary in every vay, yet nothing more than a mi. i ind His death nothing more than :t ipectaeie 01 nciui^iu, vaiu<iu?; t has a moral influence in inspiring ithers to heroic deeds. Very prettv, sn't it? We need Christian educaion to-day to make v>eople firm in he deity of ?esus Christ and the ,'iearious nature of Christ's sufferings md death. We need an education t > counteract teaching^ like that of Strauss and Draper. Harr.ack an 1 ?hanning and Dr. Everett Hale, and I uher such inen. What belter thin ; | can be done than to have people think 1 W .vith men like Stalker and Geiko and | H Hurray and Hoardman, about this wo .- ! E lerful character? Then let people ; * ead the history of the church. Let hem see in the early years of the church's life a class of people called Ebionites, who held and taught thai lesus Christ was no more than a man. Let them see this people with his as a central truth living and dy- fl ing within a few decades, hot able to j erpetuate themselves. Let them read -f another people who -were willing to ccord to Jestis Christ a place a little dgher than the .Ebionites,^ but only aid way between God and man, and et them see the Gnostics too being lotted out in a few decades. Let hem learn of the JCeoplatonisxs also. .*ho weie willing: to accord to Jesus Ihrist the character of a lovely man. lit withheld from him the honor of eity. Let them learn of this people. .ho. though willing to place Jestis Ihrist alongside of Abraham arid I yhagoris and many other great men. et lived, nourished and died within few decades. Let them see another lass, called Arians, willing to asribe to Jesus Christ pre-existcnce. et net equally with God, see Arianisin oloring to some extent Christian hought but never getting strength nough to conquer. Let them read f the S?ecinians that came in the six3enth century with another concepion of Christ, but not as God. Let tern see. ^ociaiiianism die. too. Let . i tiem see English Presbyterians at- t ictcd by its influence, the weakest r f all protestant denominations in that r ountry. Let them read of how the ongregationalisis at one time seemed > be going; over wholesale to this )w conception of Christ- Let then.- 1 ee those who remained in the Ceng re- ^ ational body holding to the deity of 1 hrist coming to number now TOO.OpO % 'iiilc those who held to the lower ( inception of Christ dwindling to sev- 1 1 nty thousand in America. Then see | c lat God has placed his stamp of (lis- 1 pproval upon anybody that denies the [ ivinity of Jesus Christ. Let him ;:co 1 lat the lower conception of Jesus [ hrist that many to-day would haw 11 s believe as true lias had a fair trial 1 gain and again?lias been weighed in H le balances and found wanting. Pec ^ Ie discovering this will not he easily 1 ;d away from the true doctrine ol 0 ?sus Christ. Then we have a good many pes so Lists among us. There is a tendency ^ nvarrf pessimism everywhere. Many a eople think that this is a day of a eresies and isms and cliques. "There y ever was such a fanaticism in the 0 [story of the wo rid a .s now. Every- s ling is going to the bow wows." ; o\v. what, those people need to know 0 i a little church history. Yon have i lat in your course, too. It is a good ling. It will keep a person sweet, p Dim Morley says that true education v uts sunshine into your heart and j-.; ikes moonshine out of your head. v ow, if a person will study the his- y >ry of liie church, lie will find tiiata'l ]< t the bad people are not in ike , lurch as it. is to-day. Why. do you p now that I have discovered that flier .1 r ; not an ago to whose church 1 ' a ould art her belong than -this one. ! a hey hold up to us the Puritan iatii- ; l: ~s as examples of high Christian liv- v Lg, pious men. It's false. Why, thos r>!v' ien, as much as we honor them, were ; < oefully short in the prime virtue of y le Christian life, love, charity. They fl illed people that wouldn't believe a- a ley thought they ought to. The pres- \ it church cannot parallel by a great a ?al the fanaticism and foolishness of n ist people. All the isms of the world j_. ave not been spared for the present t] lurch. Go back to the second cen- o iry. There you find a class of pco- p e who came to feel that because God j, ado Adam and Eve without any f; othes, therefore it is wrong to wear ^ othes, so they went around in naked- f< 3ss. This society of Adamites, came n i number a great many people. Can 0 ? m nro .HI gUL lljj iiilj lilUJo viu.- I fJ ? V ' Pr?s6iKi iis> T" iie C rcsii cal Productio "ft Trip 10 1116 MO! Founded on the subject by Vcrne." From the Earth Moon direct. lows thai GP ttee and Miff .-idiculous or preposterous than that? w But that was in the second century. e> tYell, come down to the seventeenth N' century, when a society of people ^ sprang up who taught that the fruit w .vliich God forbade Adam and Eve to te ?at was potatoes. So they counted, it he unpardonable sin to eat potatoes. ^ They styled themselves the Potatoites. Tan you produce anything in the pros- hi mt age more ridiculous than that? 1,1 See persons of the past. lashing thein- cc ;elves. supposing that thus suffering. 1,1 hey were partakers of Christ's suffer- ?c ngs. that this pain was meritorious Ci md sanctifying anguish. Can you natch that consummate nonsense from ar he church of the present? See persons climbing to the top of high pil ars. made by themselves, and there C iving in the sky the rest of their ives, others chaining themselves to ocks and crags and peaks of tho nountains and spending their lives in his loneliness and dreariness. Can i.ii mntr?h iiint tomfoolery out of the >reseni church? O yes, your course | >f Christian education is designed to i nake a person cheerful, hopeful, opti- j nistic. ! M It Produces Enthusiasm. You know that in Christian work here is a good deal of fit fulness. A rreat many go by jerks and spurts, its and spasms. 11* you can get them Jti chen a fit or spasm is 011 they will h.i to something, but there is a great ?]ti >art of the year in which the fits don't ?i; omc. When there is a special meet- or ng and they finally get worked up. or hey do very well for a time, but it s not long until decline sets in and | on heir interest is reduced almost to to tothing bv th'e time another special w?' tieeiing comes around. If some per- T1 011 conies and makes a stirring ad- in; Iress about missions, tells a few piti- rit ul and harrowing stories about molli* rs giving their babies to-crocodiles. Iai hey become wonderfully interested in thi nissions. Bur after the person is im one with his crocodile stories this en orson's interest is gone. Now, there's pr picture that is not of fancy or im- j At filiation. The great question i.s to on ecure perennial interest in the hearts f members. II' one could keep up i ome kind of a. commotion or seusa- M ion the year around iliai would he ne solution. II one could keep behind hem all the year he might keep them oing. if one could hold his services n a cemetery where people could i reep over their dead, he might keep : "T hern going, but to get an interest that j ou can depend upon the year round i ear in and year out, that, 's the pro? - 1 sin. Here is the solution, in eutica- sa; ion. For illustration: 1 believe thai Ilk r you have persons who will take foi his course in missions they will have be 11 intelligent conception of mission- is ry work that will give them a con- ' iuuous and reliable interest. Then, Of 'lien you want to take a collection fo~ j in; lissioas you will not need to hav I :n< ome agent come arotmd and stir up he people, but you will have an in- At si est upon which you can draw at I3u r.v time. Over in an association ??f tin kennsylvania. a certain mail came to gk certain church to take lip a foreign Ik lissionary collection. Mo preached Kn efore he did so. and told thorn about Tli he second coming of the Lord, and cal or some of them to feeling that the qn; ,ord was just waiting to come whou the eople gave a good-sized offering to ra< <-n missions. Well, in this highly -Ja< rough! state they gave 390. The Fit Dreign missionary man wont of?. The mc ext time it. came the turn to take an thi ffering for missions there was no "-sl erson there to stir them, but they coj P. Meed's J | f 1 the following spec "me G? Train Rot Qjl ' One of the citing and se to the moving psctu photographed ^ v\ jn, it I K g-\ g / ^ I } dm mom and opera House,; , Prices, ioc;joe \ 7 *~7 ere left to give according to their , ery-daj- interest, and they gave I ow . that great slump meant some ing. It just meant this: There as no "bottom to their missionary inrest. The thing is to get an intelllsnt foundation into our J.ord s worn. ;ad people to know the history o: j e work, the wonderful tilings that I tve been accomplished, the obstacles I spite of which they have been ac j impiislied, tlio needs of the fields, e vastness of the work. l.ol them ' t into the company of men like i irey and .Tudson and Morrison and ! ! m ttton, ancl then you'll set a missiony life instead of a missionary spoil. ^ WEEPING I INJUNCTION S j !"c SUED AGAINST STRIKING MA- ] S< CHIN'STS ON SANTA FE RAILROAD. | t I ML wUKi\tno. r ir t ivi c.i\ mi> u ,v( COPPER SMITHS HAVE JOIN- ?t ED MACHINISTS. [u tl ALB! QUERQl'B. X. M.. April :h>.? cc idge Banker, of the "District Court. w is issued an injunction upon the : e - 01 iest of the Santa Fe Railroad against sc ncliinists, boiler makers, their help- w s and apprentices and metal work- tc s now on strike, restraining thorn si j;n interfering with the adonis and vi uployes of the company or from on- R ring" upon the company's right o* th ty and other grounds and property, ec te injunction Is the most far roaclv g< g ever issued by a court in the tor- at ory. kt The strike situation has assumed si rger proportions by the action of of 0 metal workers, copper smiths, pipe fr ;n, with their apprentices and help s. the boiler makers and their ap- ot entices and helpers in walking our. w 1 effort is being made to have the or icksmiths join the strikers. ro MELANCHOLY DAYS H \v< WE BEEN WITH US THIS WEEK Cf; IN POLICE COURT NEWS. ,vj OO WARM FOR WHISKEY AND re TOO COOL FOR BEER." r-v Police Conn lias kept up about t he me all week. This week has been nt e the "rnehinclioiy hays," loo warm vv' whiskey straight, and too cool for T1 er, so the average number this week ti< about two. to The first one tip was George W'eitb. in Rcor Fortney arrested Iiijn for he- be r drnnlc and indecent. His assess- w! 'lit was five and costs. in. The next one was a man named fi\ idorson. While coming out of t h rns* saloon last night It is claimed in xt he knocked Frank Jackson's j lsscs off. breaking them to pieces, j > had too much "swill" in liirn to i ow exactly what he was doing. 1 Jo ey got into a quarrel and Anderson th (led Jackson names a yard and a di arter long. For a time it looked as Gi >ugh there would be a mixing of fir *<>s (Jackson Is a colored man) but O! skson went away and sent Officer in truing after his tormentor. This nc ?rning Anderson admitted every- te ng except the breaking of the )ecks." He was assessed eight and ds. High CJ ;tal features and ?( =eat "ft Dc iDery," Feat u most ex- ,, \\ oriel s G ri tnsationai rade at c; ires ever ranffenieuts Bros. ^ j.. S' k ys Ifob dliu GAMING PRACTICES ROUGHT TO LIGHT BY A CRUSADE AGAINST THE WESTERN UNION TELEGRAPH I COMPANY * AN ENDEAVOR TO PREVENT THAT COMPANY FROM REPORTING RACE TRACK ort/M oonMc ... in c. vv o w r wu r\w ???w. NEW YORK. April ."0.?Police Comlissioner McAdoo tool; notice to-day E the crusade started by Capt. F. orton Goddard against the Western niun Telegraph Company In an eneavor'to check that company from irnishlng race track news to pool routs. The commissioner said: "1 utice by the newspapers that Captain oddard and District Attorney Jcr>tne have apjtcaled to the tuotjil use of the Western Union directors . > use their power and prevent, pool tiling in this city, if Mr. lidrris K. yssup. Mr. Russell Sage, Mr. J. H. ehielf and other highly respectable nil lemon who have given such rong evidence in the past of tlieir op interest in the moral .welfare of ic community will call on nic in impaiiy with Superintendent Dealey ho says ho does not know what goes i in pool rooms, bill thinks it is metking like shooting balls, or plays . here .Mary and her little lamb meet > gambol. 1 will take pleasure in towing llieni the evil effects of tills ce. The wives, daughters and sisth of bread winners, the clerk and ic laborer complain that the hardtrned money of tlieir supporters is unhlcd away. Then comes debt, id It may be crime. The room >opors have reduced the bet to the liallesi arnounts so that even an no iniv ten rns 10 sneculafe and ..." om it 10 cheat. "If .Mr. Jessup, Mr. Dealey and tho hers won lil like to see It and. they ill rivit me notice in advance, 1 will ideavor to show them u. ladles'* pool om where they can see women mibling a way tlie money which their : isbands and fathers gave them to lv tlie necessary bills of tlie family."In such places are also to be found >men from disreputable bouses, and mtacl. or association with them ljy minim women who have a deepoted passion for gambling, very soon ulis in suggestions lor betting roonthai bring otherwise re spec tahle mien lo I he last step. 1 ' In the second band distribution of urn from a telegraph company's Ires die gambling is not even, square. .to hidden operator behind a partliii. with a hole about large enough admit your hand, knows the result many instances before he accepts ' is I cart show .Mr. Jessup a place hlrh wi are besieging, kept by a v' eorioiis criminal that would closet In . minutes IT I hati tbo power, under law. to snip the wire that leads o tho back room." Former Legislator Dead. I 'A itKI-1RSBURG, April .30.?Hon. soph M. Meyer, a former member of . state legislature from this county, ltd ibis morning at his home on eon street, after an Illness of some ne. lie was born in .Moriroe county, lio. 71 years ago. and has resided this city for many years. The fu ral will take place Saturday afrnoon. I have three of the best lots iiiMorr sale at a very low rate. ,~H. H. LANHAM. X ? y [ass )0 others: HI jy uu tne Girous," jrinj* the Ringlinj; Bvo's. utest Circus on the pa- /. ' VS hicajjo. By special ar-' with the Ringling sine to ail. ; ''