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The Fairmont West Virginian. (Fairmont, W. Va.) 1904-1914, June 21, 1904, Image 7

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86092557/1904-06-21/ed-1/seq-7/

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AVfcgetable PreparationFor As - ?
similating iheFoodandRegula- I
ling the Stomachs and Bowels of 5
Promotes Digeslion.Cheerful- if
nessandRest.Contains neither S
Opium.Morpliine nor>fii\eral. f,
72ccy>eafOUCJlrSiU?CEL PITCHES?. \l
ftarp&ui SectC- , ti|j
stLx.Senn/z + I
RoefaUs Salts ? i
liaise SeetZ 1 '-ill
/ |
r licrtttsSfAcl- I
Cfrznfit-d Sugar I J'i,
UEitny/^m. flavor: / ^
Aperfecl Remedy forConstipalion,
Sour Stomach,Diarrhoea
Worms.Convulsions .Feygrish- if
itess andLoss OF Sleep. i
?tt : ^
Facsimile Signature of a
- . r!
| * 317 Foi
3 By out- System
= that is, making deposits and vithdi
3 saying than banking in person. A
3 yourreqnest. Our capital ana rea
r: Our advice, embodying the success!
S is at your command.
5 Assets ovc
- }- T >- ;i
cj* The fire insure
itig does not cot
* "sidewalks," "si;
- furniture or fixt
"5* suretl wants pa
JE. items, he must
, icy is written. (
his peace.
315 M
4--T- -v #
I ? ??? - ~
" T^-'- ~ I
Samuel B. Holbert.
:~c; "Fire insurance
We represent TWf
most Jiberal fire insurant
and have unequalled gfac
small lines at the lowest
you to consult us before p
Skinner Block,
mm a mm
lyon's rrencn r
Strictly vegetable, perfectly hart
RESULTS. Greatest known fere
OAIITIAH Beware of counterfeits and linltatli
wAUIlUn ton with fao-slmlle signature on
Send for Circular to. WILLIAMS MFO CO.. Solo
Sold by M. D. Ch
aeaCTcsBia 1
For Infants and Cnildren.
The Kind You Have
Always Bough;
j Bears the A. ^
|V/ For Oyer
j Thirty Years
I-ii. Df'f/cj
t/fcf* M pj.
erf Banking by Mall g
arth, is Jest as essy and to'stars ttsro =
little booklet tellhig vbyv ssslts s
OTrces speak far themselres. =
W tnislness experience of yarn, E
Si- $21,000,000 |
> * > -.V ^ '?
'.-s. '.> _?. X i-i?.
tnce policy on a build- ,
er loss on "awnings/' '
jns," "store or office
tires," and if the in- ^
y for loss on these . ?_
say so when the pol- '
)r forever after hold *"*T
ain Street. ' '
-t- - *- t- 1- -r.- -t-p
-( ~r -p 1 c
- r
Dealers in Pumps and Pump Pipe. t
Drillers of Artesian and Ordinary a
ater Welisl t
rest Wells For IVIinersI and Air g
ties for Shafts. n
Donsolidated 'Phone 182. ;
... - . I,, , o
Edward F. Ffolbert. \
is the best policy." \
<\TV of fhp <sfron(rp<sf and ?
I A V* ?? ? - w-?- w
:e companies in the world, I
ilities for placing- large or *
possible rates. It will pay SD
lacing your insurance. ?>
InsiiraiM i;
Fairmont;, W. V. ?
================================: a
eriodical Drops f
nless, sure to accomplish DESIRED ''
lale remedy. Price, $1.50 per bottle. e
ons. Trie icenulne Is put up only jn paste-board Car-,
side or tbe bpulo, tats:
ristle., - ?
Fhe Sensations He Experiences When
t'niler Water. Incased Iu 53i? Hideous
Ariaor?Four Honrs*a Day Are
the Limit of Hi* Endurance.
The dangers ef tbe diver's life are
Sttle realized by tbe world on land anil
one Is hilled. Some fifty divers are
it work almost every day ill tbe waers
of New Vork harbor, yet as long as
:bey perform tlieir tasks successfully
ihey remain as obscure as their aim
muiits. While scouring off barnacles
from ship bottoms or patching boles
n sunken bulls.or mending pipes unlet
the East river their work, even if
risible, is too commonplace "to point
i moral or ntloru a tale." Even when
here is a wreck and lives are lost few
.kink of the patient, plodding diver,
who gropes through the watery saoons
of the steamships and brings
:o the surface the pallid corpses.
When the diver is initiated into the
mysteries of the deep he is extremely
raufaous. Then he appreciates far
more than after he has become necus:oiued
to his strange surroundings the
perils of his new 'ife. As soon as he
3as donned his armor, whose very
aideousuess would seem to indicate the
terrors lurking in that unnatural element
into which he ventures, and has
sunk beneath the surface every sense
jegins to act in a weirdly distorted
fashion. Tie thinks he sees objects
within reach which in reality are far
emote. lie claps his hands with difii ulty
and hears no sound, yet n knock
)n'the side of a ^liip with his knuckles
jives the ring of a bell. Ills body has
in unusual lightness, so that a little
eap will carry him over vast spaces.
3is sense of smell has been anailiilat?d.
The air which puffs into his hel
net and then. leaking out through the
escape valve hack of one ear, bubbles
tp to the surface as if out of the
snout of a porpoise at first had the
scent of machine oil. In a few rninttes
it becomes utterly odorless.
There are still buried treasure ships
vliose exact situations are known to
nariuers, but which are inaccessible
oecause of their great depth. JDIvers
.equipped with the present brass and
ubber uniforms cunnot go deeper than
>00 feet, and even at this depth only a
'ew can remain more than live minites.
One hundred and twenty feet is
he limit for most miners of the sea,
'or at this depth they are under a
iressure of four atmospheres.
For the reason that man can venture
>nly a few feet down Into the sea the
liver of these practical modern times
ins abandoned his bunt for treasure
ind has become a skilled laborer at ifo
t day. Though his wages are larger
:ban many kinds of workmen earn,
levertkeless they are less regular, and
:he diver who earns $150 a mouth is
egarded lucky. He is indeed fortulate
if he can obtain a steady job in
he dock department, for the city em>Ioys
eight divers at $5 a day through>ut
the year, wilh only four hours of
ir. twentv-foiir and SI-1>5 ex
ra for every additional boar.
In preparing for his work the diver
nust serve a long and tedious apprenieesbip.
For the reason that he will
>e called on to do the work of various
rades. such as those of mason, carjenter,
iron worker, plumber and marner
he must master the principles of
l11 these vocations. He generally
serves three years as a member of a
vrecking crew, and in addition to everything
else he studies the character
>f the waters, their depth and cur ents,
in which he will one clay work.
3e learns to be a diver's tender, the
nan who holds the life line and air
ube of the diver, and these-are some
>f the signals with which he becomes
One pull of air. hose?more air.
Two pulls of a%r hose?less air.
Three pulls of air hose?pull it up.
One pull of life line?haul up working
Two pulls of life line?lower working
Three pulls of life line?haul up diver.
As the pressure of the water inx
eases on the diver's suit at about the
ate of one pound for every two feet
he apprentice must learn how to mange
the air pump. He must memorize
he following table and see that the
;auge of the air pump tallies to it as
tearly as possible:
Depth Pounds Depth Pounds
f diver pressure of diver pressure
i feet. sq. inch, in feet. sq. inch.
20 ................ 8So ................ 3-1 vi
10 12& 90 39
10 1714 100 43\*
i0 21% 110 474;
10 2G% 120 52%
I'O 30ft
A diTer may be killed or his life
hortened many years if the air is not
riven umi ut me ngut pressure. r/li
be surface of tbe water tbe utcaoshere
presses against all parts of bis
ody about fifteen pounds to tbe
quare inch. l'et tbe pressure Is as
lucb from witbin outward as in tbe
pposite direction and so neutrali7.es itelf.
As soon as tbe diver descends
jto water tbe pressure of air against j
is flesli must be increased just enough '
o prevent tbe ponderous brass bellet
in wbicb bis bead is incased from
rusbing bis shoulders.
A peril wbicb constantly menaces
be diver is tbe breaking of bis air
ipe. Wherever be goes be watches
?st be cut it on some sbarp projecion.
The moment that it snaps the
ir pressure witbin bis suit is gone,
nd tbe dead weight of ail tbose feet
f water pounds bis helmet, witb the
tree of n trin hammer. As bis body
s charged with air at a high pressure
bis air rushes outward, tbiis distend3g
such elastic organs as the eyes and
ardrums to.bursting.'*"
"I remember a ease where n diver's
ose broke.1' said a master diver. "He
ras at work on a sunken sughr ship,
nd he was down some sixty feet A1J
; r __ I
S once the air pump bandies whizzed
Ijund like the flywheels of an euglne
ivhen the belt slips off. and. with a hiss
that sounded like n snake's, the hose
tame writhing and twisting to the surface.
Before the tender could yell for
help a great bubble exploded right under
him. followed by a string of smaller
"Well, we pulled up that life liue all
in one breath. We got that helmet off
nud pulled off bis suit. We thought
him dead. His eyes bulged out till
they looked like tiugers, and his eardrums
were blown out like little balloons.
Around his neck, where the
heavy brass rim of the helmet struck
him. there was a livid black circle
which looKeu use uurum \yoou. dui
he came out of it. He's alive, but -life
Isn't much good to him uow."
, At depths less than sixty feet the
ordinary direr can work hour after
hour, but below that limit he must take
frequent rests. Four hours constitute
a day's work at all depths. Thus, at
seventy feet lie works three-quarters
of an hpur and rests fifteen minutes.
At eighty feet he works forty and rests
twenty minutes. Thus the ratio continues
until at 110 feet few divers can
work more than ten minutes.
"When a diver has stayed down too
long, he does not sutler while still In
the water, but after coming to the surface.
After a protracted immersion
his organs do not react as quickly to
the lighter pressure, and the swellings
from air pushing out through the tissues
do not subside as rapidly.
Ordinarily the experienced diver as
he slowly descends does not notice any
sensations that are painful. He feels
j a cracking of the eardrums, which he
j relieves l>y keeping his mouth open
j and swallowing frequently. ,He does
I not find it much harder to breathe uu|
til he gets very deep, when the air has
a drowsy effect on his senses. On rising
after the usual "stay down" the
crackings of the ears begin again, and
again they may be checked by swallowing.
an act which forces air of the
same density as that outside through
the? eustachian tubes into the chauilier
; behind the eardrum. Unless a man
i has a heart that is perfectly sound and
! lungs that are especially strong he
I should never don the (liver's armor.
Evcu with these lie sometimes is compelled
to abandon, submarine work
j after a year or two.
Another peril which the diver en!
counters is the "somersault." Because
| of the great weight of his helmet he is
| likely to turu turtle despite his lead
i soled boots. In Suda bay, island of
; Crete, a diver of the British battleship
j Hood lost ids balance while at work
' on a sunken torpedo nnd hung for five
j hours heels over head under some for;
t.v feet of water. lie had tangled his
| lines with the hawser, which he had
j attached to the torpedo and with which
! liiu rnmnnninns above were attempting
to hoist. When rescued at Inst by a
fellow diver he was found unconscious.
but alive. In another bait hour,
however, he would have drowned. Because
the pressure of air had not been
sufficient water bad leaked in and collected
in the helmet. When he was
found the water bad risen to within a
quarter of an inch of his nostrils. In
tropical waters sharks menace a diver
with such ferocity that he is only safe
when working in a great cylindrical
cage.?New York Tribune.
Medicinal Vegetable*.
Vegetables have direct effect upon
the human system and often combine
rare curative powers. Spinach affords
relief in kidney troubles, and
the common dandelion, used as greens,
is excellent for the same thing. Asparagus
purges the blood. Celery acts
admirably upon the nervous system
and is a cure for rheumatism and
neuralgia. Tomatoes act upon the liver.
Beets and turnips are excellent
appetizers. Lettuce and cucumbers
are cooling in their effects upon the
system. Onions, garlic, leeks, olives
! and shallots, ail of which are similar,
I possess medicinal virtues of a marked
I character, stimulating the circulatory
I system, and tlie consequent increase
j in tlie saliva and gastric juice promotes
| digestion. Red onions are an excellent
I diuretic, and the white ones are recj
ommended to be eaten raw as a rerni
edy tor insomnia. A soup made from
; onions is regarded by the French as
an excellent restorative in weakness
of the digestive organs.
Election Urlhcry In Exitsrlxintl.
j Some years ago an investigation of
i election bribery in Kngland disclosed
! the following method of buying votes:
| An elector entered the agent's room.
' Agent (holding up three lingers to signify
o sovereigns)?Well, Mr, Smith,
how are you today? Mr. Smith?I
a in not very well today. Agent (holding
tip five lingers)?I am sorry you
are not very well today. Mr. Smith?
Oh, I am not very ill. It is all right.
Then Smith looked out of the window
while the agent put 5 sovereigns on the
table. It was then, the agent's turn to
look out of the window, und when he
turned round a?ain Smith and the
money had disappeared. Smith never
saw the agent put down the money;
the agent never saw Smitji pick it up.
Consequently when a parliamentary
com mission was aDDointed the agent
, swore he never gave Smith any money
' and Smith swore that no one gave him
I any.
Iltmnlayn Gubr*B"Nvoa<luy \np.
In certain parts of the Himalaya
mountains the native women have a
singular way of putting their children
to sleep in the middle of the day. The,
child is- put near a stream of water,
and by means of a palm leaf or a tin
scoop the water is deflected so as to
. run over the back of the child's head.
The water pouring on the child's headj
apparently sends it to sleep and keeps
it so, while the mother proceeds with
her work in the fields. No one seems 1
to fear that baby may be drowned.?%.
Chicago journal. ' 1
I have a saloon centraliyylocated-tor .
said quick. H. H. Lanham. ' x
] . . -?- : ^
How many buttons have you got
j on your waistcoat? This ts a simple
i question, and if you can answer it
without counting it shows that you
i possess powers of perception above
I the average. It is an absolute fact
i that nine men out of ten cannot tell
; oft'hanii liow many buttons there are
: on the garment which they put on
j every morning and take off every
i evfiimj;.
! This is just one of those things
I which exemplifies how most people
! fail to cultivate their powers of ol>;
serration. Here is (mother.
! A watch Is a fairly "familiar object.
! yet if yon were asked whether the
; numbers on the face correspond with
'the Roman numerals what would you
! say ? Ninety-nine persons out of a
hundred would nt once answer "yes."
Yes the ninety-nine would be wrong.
The symbol for four is not the customary
IV.. hut 1111.
One could multiply such instances
to almost any extent. It is safe to
bet almost any man except an architect
that he "does not know how
many stairs there are in any particular
(light, in ids own house, even
though lie lias climbed them thousands
of limes.
It is not Hint we have not the faculty
of remembering such, facts. That
wo do possess this is proved by the
comparatively astonishing feats of
memory each of as performs dally
in -his or her especial line of occupation.
The cook will carry in tier head
hundreds of different recipes unci a
chtnninir eter-1.- h 11 n,trp,tc of artrtrc.cKOS.
The mischief is thai, so few of us
train our powers of observation outside
our own particular line.
Perhaps nowhere is this better exemplified
than in courts of law.
In a recent murder case a man suspected
of the crime was seen- on tlie
road near the house by three different
persons. One said the individual was
rather short and stout, had a board
and mustache, and wore a dark suit
of clothes and a bowler bat. A second
witness, a woman, declared the
man was above medium height, had a
black beard and whiskers, but no
mustache and wore a cap. Of his
clothes she was not sure, but thought
they were light in color.
The third witness was positive the
man was short, thin, elderly, liad a
gray beard and mustache, and wore a
L.uck*ly for the cause of law and justice,
it turned out that, the suspect
was innocent, for the real criminal
was discovered.
There is no point in which average
human judgment, errs more completely
than in the estimate of distance,
length, depth, height and speed. An
amusing prooi or mis was recenuy
offered by the mayor of a certain
South country town.
Edmund Davis, a well-known motorist,
convicted of traveling: at excessive
speed in the borough in question,
made an offer to give ?100 to the
poor of the town if the mayor could,
estimate his speed within two miles
an hour on three successive trials.
But the mayor, no doubt, mistrusting
his powers, did not even reply to Mr.
Davis's challenge.
An interesting experiment was tried
in Berlin in December last, with a
view to throwing a light, on this question
of the conflict of evidence., Its
originator was Professor Von Uszt.
He got up a quarrel between two of
the 'pupils. Only the two pupils and
the professor knew I he Quarrel was
to take place. To the twenty-three 1
other persons In the room the whole
affair earne as a surprise.
The quarrel, it was arranged, was
to take place in two parts?first, the
exchange ot abuse and angry epithets:
secondly, the use of a pistol j
1 <>rn7 KfTr*!,- Thft nisfol was. of !
course, loaded only with blank cartridge.
At the time appointed the quarrel
took place amitl tremendous excitement.
The professor succeeded in
putting a stop to it, ami getting hold
of the smoking pistol.
At the end of the hour he told his
class the quarrel had been a sham
one. hut asked the young men to consider
it as real. A week later he lectured
on the difficulties of evidence,
and afterward took in private the testimony
of those who had witnessed
the quarrel.
Out of these twenty-three well educated
young men the evidence of no
two was exactly alike. No fewer
than eight different names were given
as that of the originator of the
.The actual firing of the pistol was
accurately described by nearly all,
sions of the exact period of the quarrel
at which it was fired. The professor's
own attempt to quell the disturbance
was told in eight different
versions, and the result confirmed the
futility of corroborative evidence in
a court of law.
The sense of sight is deceived'in a
hundred ways - which are rarely considered:'
for instance, stand and
watch the revolutions of the cups of
as carefully as-you please, yet at the
end of that time still be puzzled as to
the real direction in which they are
turning. The more, uncertain. the
wind and the greater, consequently,
the variation of the speed, the more is
the difficulty of the task increased.
Again, standing below a high building
and looking up. many will aver
that the wall is not exactly perpen- *'?
dicuiar, but inclines : overhead in- a r
threatening manner. The longer the
wall extends the stronger becomes .
the illusion.
Another simple illustration of the
difficulty experienced by most persons
in making exact, observation is
the failure to notice mistakes In " '3
i . vii,'. in -i r?->r-pn5 pvim pni coriies '
of uncorrected proofs were distributed
anions pupils in the highest .
grade or u primary school. The aver- V-g
age age of the class was 14 years..
Tito average number of errors
found was only twelve. Some of the '
children only found three. Tiie actnnl
number us marked by a protes-sional
proofreader was forty-one. A ' ||
particularly Interesting point about.
this experiment was that the older _ ,
children as a rule found fewer mis- .' V.cp
takes than the younger.?Pearson's '
Wwk,y-- |
Hospitality In Southern Hills. ::i
In the hill country of Northern Vir- .
ginia u tourist, who was making'' a
long trip on horseback, halted one , ,?j
noon before u log house, which lie at . -Ogl-Sl
first took to lie it (liable. An old man "cs|
was seated on a log near the ' tloor.
An emaciated nude stood with hip
head half way Inside the window. jS
No sign of smoke issued from kthe
tuntblo-down chimney-.
The tourist made inquiry concern- ;
ins the mountain roads, and was on ~ 'imi
the pultit of asking It" ho could get a ' ' :'.wj|
meal for himself and his horse, when "ft;
the owner of the shanty said: ,.-.'S'S
"Stranger. I'd like mighty well to .
invite ye to dinner, but f reckon ye wouldn't
relish cold hoe-cake and
The rider was about to say any- '
tiling would he acceptable, when the
told man continued:
"I'll like to feed tlint horse o! yov.m.
but my old mule there's got to lirowse ' "V
mighty line to keep on her legs this
The stranger explained that he_ ' *?
would be glad to pay for anything
that could be obtained.
'"Taint that," returned the other,
reproachfully. "Ve don't think. I'd-.,,
take anything from a guest? But?
well, fact is, we ain't been gettln' on
as well as we might lately. The old
woman's down with rheumatiz, and
Sal. she's over the Ridge fer a spell,.
and things ain't just ready for com- , i||
pany, as ye might say." -??* i'Si
It was easy to see that his pride
was putting the best possible face up- j?
on a pinching . poverty. The rider
gathered up his reigns, and, making
light of his needs, tendered a cigar. ||
That touched the old man. He is
turned the gift over and over, looked r' ..v^l
up and down the road, from the rider ?,
to the house, and then back to the
rider again. Then he seized the ',--111
man's bootleg and exclaimed:
"Stranger. I'm poor and 'way down, -+ ?
I'll own up! I can't feed ye, nor ;
warm ye, nor gin ye so much as a .
whiff of smoke, but if ye don't git
down off en that horse and come over '.3
to the spring and have some water ;"v5|
with mo. I'll never forgive ye on the ' Ml
alrth!"?Youth's Companion. - JS
Some Timely Hints For General ;;Wi
Work oh the Farm.
The farmers feed them all. -j,' ": ' '
Get ready Cor root "crops. : - 'V':i?S
All kinds of live stock like man'gelwurzels
and other root crops. M'-*?!
Get the hills ready for the late cab
bage plants. It' commercial-fortlitzer .v?vi|
j is used in the hills mix it well through
[ the soil a short time before the plants If
is u good plan to plant the seed
j direct In hills for the late cabbages. :'
[ Put three seeds in a hill and finally j
j thin out to one plant. Cabbage re- rpiires
frequent cultivation, so keep .
the soil well stirred about theni.
See that all the having implements " .' CM
an<l tools are in perfect condition so as
to take advantage of the good
weather when hay is ready to be cut.
Delays are truly dangerous in hay- ;jSSs
making time. r.-S: -jfl
There is much complaint of corn K&
notcomlng up well this season. Go. nj
over the fields and replant the miss-. ;
ing hills. Beter use some early ma- fffj
utring corn. Some farmers replant MB
with sweet corn aDd use the ears for . fl
- vn
the table or sell .while green. The :
stalk of the sweet corn makes excel- /?H
lent fodder. t \||
Now get ready for potato planting yjgj
and for field beans. .-M|H
Keep the scythe moving on the
weeds around the house and .outbt^idjfiH
ings. Don't give them a chance
form seeds or become conspicutijrisSHH
jects of sloppy farming. /.IgegjjjHj
surroundings add both
V. o linfnpec *t rt rl {t- 'v.fst a
I to have neat, and
- whitewash
to s0' ->p -

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