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The Fairmont West Virginian. (Fairmont, W. Va.) 1904-1914, October 04, 1904, Image 2

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THE FARMERS'
WILI
? NEW LAWS WERE PASSED PRIMARILY
TO RELIEVE THE
HEAVY TAX BURDEN.
?'?
A REVIEW OF THE AUTHORLESS
?gi|p| PAMPHLET DISTRIBUTED BY
DEMOCRATS TO DECEIVE
FARMERS.
The Democratic State commiltee
i lias flooded the State with a 23-page
pamphlet tinder the title of "Tax
Legislation." Mo name is signed to it
and nohody is responsible for it. It.
is a mass of misrepresentations. . It
f'_. pretends to review the acts of the special
session. It vehemently attacks
. a few of them, and treats the ma.
jority with a silence which ? can
v only oe construed to mean ujjijioval.
It is. said that a great many
Democrats did not want this document
put out at all. because they knew it
would be riddled to death by the first
Republican into tvlio.se hands it fell,
and would become a boomerang?.
After a brief preliminary history of
how the Tax Commission was created,
which is known to everybody within
the confines of this State who can
read, the Democratic "argufier" informs
the waiting world that Governor
Fleming recommended tax reduction
as far back as 1893, hut fails to
tell the people that the Democratic
Legislature paid no attention to it,
and, as usual, did nothing. Me fails
to tell the people that Governor Jackson,
another Democrat, appointed a
tax commission in 1883, but: it amounted
to nothing. He fails to tell that
Governor Matthews, another Democrat,
called attention as far back as
1S7D, to bad tax laws, but the Democratic
Legislature, as usual, paid no
attention to it.
Oi.MAl.Tr 4-nt.- xnvlni/xn 1ITOl. onnct/lnr.
eti necessary in tliose days, it ought
V to?be a good thing now. and the Democratic
position against tax revision
is thus made untenable at tlie very
outset.
The pamphlet asserts that no revision
of taxation was considered
by Republicans when they came into
power on account of the "era of
profligacy" charged against the Republicans.
The Democratic party had
conducted the affairs of this State so
- ;-. .
ably, so wisely, so economically and
in such a businesslike fasitioa for
twenty-four years that the State was
bankrupt when the Republicans canto
into power. On March 4th. ISO?. a ltai.ance
was shown of $240,000, but there
xvas a deficit of like amount which
left the treasury practically empty,
and since the Republicans came into
power they have had to appropriate
money again and again to pay Democratic
deficiencies. And this is true
notwithstanding that Governor MacCorlde,
the last Democratic governor,
got $157,000 from the National Government.
The $157,000 was money
that the Republicans spent for the National
Government in the war. Thus
it was that the first Republican governor,
Boreman. handed over to UacCorkle,
the last Democratic governor,
this large sum of money. Deficit and
Democracy are twin D's. The RcpubIf
? ~ ~ f '1 i ?? ^V>n \ r-o ( to T>r>flpitQ
jmjtXUS J/CHVl Up LiiC i<v,jnvv,iu^iv ^ .? ..
They did tliis in the next two year*
and they have managed the affairs of
the State so that there is a balance of
$300,000 in the State treasury.
Does this look lilto profligacy? Does
this look like the money of the State
had been 'squandered after the manner
of the Democrats?
Some Figures.
In license taxes the average potyear
for the last seven years of Democratic
administration was $111,000 and
for the seven Republican years of
$112,000. Was there any profligacy in
this?
The Republicans collected an actual
average every year of $125,000 more
than the Democrats in license taxes.
This saved direct taxes on property.
It was largely due to the Dawson
corporation law, so bitterly fought by
the Democrats. The total increased
revenue from these sources for the
last seven years amounts to over one
wJIIIawi OT-trl o miortor rvf rlolTnrts
this look like this department hail
been unwisely administered?
During the last seven Republican
years the average annual cost of printing,
binding, and stationery was reduced
$33,000. making an aggregate
save during the seven Republican
years of $222,000. At the same ^tirae
the Republicans collected over $23,000
more from the stile books than the
Democrats, although the Democrats
spent $229,000 more money than the
Republicans. This Is a sample of Republican
"waste and extravagance."
What do you think of it?
The pamphlet next takes up a discussion
about the tax reform campaign
and the nomination of Air. Dawson
for governor. What has this got
i to do with the issues before the people?
V However we find no mention of the
sielebrated purple pencil of the Hon.
Jdbn T. McGraw, who is running this
campaign for the Democrats. We find
no reference either to the delectable
conduct of the Secretary of State's
"TAXES
L BE REDUCED
office in the last Democratic regime.
It charges Mr. Dawson with the abandonment
of every principle of Tax
Reform. This is grossly false. Neither
Mr. Dawson nor the Republican
party has abandoned tax reform. Mr.
Dawson stands where he always stood
for the abolition of State taxes and a
just and. equitable system of taxation.
Mr. Dawson stands on the Republican
platform. That platform was adopted
July 13. 1904; and in less than six
wee lis the Republican Legislature had
redeemed practically every promise
the platform made. The Republicans
did more Cor tax reform in six weeks
than the Democrats did in al! the 25
years. The Republicans have abolished
State taxes.
The Democratic Way.
Democrats are attacking the tax revision
ritovement, simply because it is
a Republican idea. In the twenty-four
years that the Democratic party held
power they made no attempt "whatever
to readjust and improve our tax laws.
They know nothing of constructive
statesmanship. The Democratic party
in this State is animated by the
same spirit and purpose as the Democratic
party in the Nation,' which
wants to tear down, not build up.
The National Democratic party opposes
protection because it is a Republican
principle. The National Democratic
party opposed the Panama Canal
because it was backed by Republican
leaders. The National Democratic
party attempted to arrest the
course of affairs in the Spanish-American
war when our fleets were fighting
and our armies marching because a
Republican President was in the
"NVhite House. The National Democratic
party tried to undo that which had
taken place in the Philippines because
the Philippine policy was formulated
by the Republicans. The National
Democratic party sought to change
the money policy in this country to
silver just when the powerful nations
of the world were changing to
gold, because the Republican party
stood for the gold standard. The
Democratic party in this State is the
same as the Democratic party in the
Nation, the party of obstruction and
negation, the party which stands for
! nothing but opposition. This party is
true to its principles and policies in
this campaign in arraying: itself
against, every good tiling which the
Keptibl.ican party has accomplished or
seeks to accomplish.
New Laws. *
The pamphlet next gives attention
to the work of the last Legislature
and introduces the subject by assorting
that the bills passed were hidden
from the law-making body and were
prohibited from every member of "the
Leg: slat tire. It is charged that they
were crudely drawn, full of inconsistencies
and ambiguities, and provided
an insufficient system of taxation,
containing many obnoxious features
affecting the collection of State revenue.
Here is another jumble of falsehood.
The fact of the matter is these
bills were drawn by several of the
leading lawyers in the State, whose
position will compare very favorably
with the author of the Democratic
pamphlet. They are clear, plain and
incisive and may well be understood
by any layman who takes the trouble
to examine them. The bills were
given full and free discussion. They
were printed in practically every
: newspaper in the State before they
I become laws. The neoole were in
formed ar every step in this legislation
and the legislature Knew what
it was doing. The passage of the
hills is a great step onward toward
the realization of tax revision. Since
these measures have become laws,
thousands of the acts have been distributed
over the State and they have
been very fully and fairly explained
by Republican leaders. It' there is
anybody who doesn't know what they
mean, or what they will do. it is because
they can't read or won't read,
can't understand or won't understand.
These laws do not bear harshly on any
interest, but they provide for equal
and just taxation of every interest and
the wiping out of six-sevenths of the
direct tax now levied of 35 cents on
the hundred dollars and eventually a
total reduction of all of it.
ConstitutionaI Amendment.
i tic autnor 01 tne panipniet next
rlirects his attention to the constitutional
amendment and charges its defeat
to the Republicans. though every
Democrat in the Legislature voted
against it. The Democrats attempted
to amend the amendment in a
manner not germane to the subject,
and it would have been absolutely impossible
under the law. The Republicans
presented an amendment to ar- ;
riele 13 of the constitution providing |
that the "Legislature may levy or refrain
from levying State and State
school taxes on real and personal
property," but it was lost on account
of their opposition, as a two-thirds
vote is required in order to have it
submitted to the people. The Demo(Continued
on Sixth Page.)
/
Sold manages
great(
, HOW PRESIDENTIAL FIGHTS
HAVE BEEN V/ON AND LOST
BY NATIONAL CHAIRMEN
IN OTHER YEARS.
i RECOLLECTIONS OF DORSEY,
HARRITY. GORMAN, QUAY
AND HANNA IN MORE RECENT
TIMES.
By Rufus Rockwell Wilson in Pittsburg
Dispatch.]
Ir. is the verdict of veteran politicians
that no Presidential campaign
in our history was waged with more
skill and shrewdness than that of
1.S7G. when Tilden and Hayes were
opposing candidates. Zachariah Chan
titer was c.nairman uj ui? .nci;i.iujiufl?
National Committee in that year, and
the fight which he made for Hayes
proved him "one of the greatest political
generals of his; rime. Indeed, to
. a large extent, he established the popolitical
methods of the present day.
Chandler was a native of New England.
aiid was endowed with all the
personal traits of the shrewd Yankee,
enhanced by the experience incident
to a successful career in Michigan at
a time when that State was near the
frontier. Success in business brought
him wealth and influence, and those,
combined with the instincts of a
fighter and intense party spirit, made
him the dominating force in Michigan
politics during and for a dozen years
after the. Civil War. His aggressiveness
gave him a foremost place in the
Senate, and led in 1S7G to his being
chosen manager of the Hayes campaign.
Chandler was at his best in this capacity,
and the sequel proved him
equal to the task he had taken in
hand. Breaking the solid South had.
therefore, been regarded as an impossibility,
and. as a matter of fact, no
attention was paid to if. as it was supposed
to be assured to the Democracy.
Instead, the whole country was watching
the admittedly doubtful States of
New York. New Jersey, Connecticut
and Indiana. One after another of
these doubtful States on election night
swung inro line for Tilden. These,
with the solid South, elected him. and
at midnight people went to bed and
considered the fight ar an end. But
an hour later Chandler gave the press
associations this terse and now historic
dispatch:
B n rherfrwd "P.. Havps hn? received
isr> electoral votes and is elected.
Z A C JIA R FAIT C HA X DLER.
No details were given. Chandler
contented himself with the broad
claim of votes enough to elect, and
left to conjecture where they were to
come from. It soon came out, however.
that, while every one had been
watching the doubtful States Chandler
had kept his eve on South Carolina.
Florida and Louisiana.
The Hayes Tilden Struggle.
Then followed the memorable
struggle over these States. From
them in due time double sets of electoral
votes were sent 10 Congress,
each certified by rival returning
boards. Thereupon arose a condition
without precedent in our political history.
The Senate was Republican,
the House Democratic, and there is
ittle doubt, that had the President of
the Senate in February, 1S77. opened
the certificates, counted the electoral
votes, and declared Hayes elected President.
by including the votes of North
Carolina. Florida and Louisiana
among others That were not disputed,
the House would have at once proceeded
lo elect Tilden, voting by
Stares. The result would have been
two Presidents, each supported by
his party, a double inauguration, and
the two branches of Congress arrayed
.against each other with the probability
of armed collision, anarchy and
civil war.
A way out of this perilous dilemma
was found in a bill, passed by Congress
and approved by the President i
late in January. 1S77, which provided j
for the reference of all questions arising
in respect to States from which
more than one certificate had been received
to a commission consisting of
five Senators, five Representatives,
and five Justices of the Supreme Court
the decision of a majority to be final,
unless rejected by concurrent votes
of both Houses, in .which event, their
order should prevail. Four of the .Justices
were designated in the bill, and
tlicy were 10 select the fifth in such
manner as they might decide. It was
ilic hope of the framers of tlie bill
ili?it a commission tAius made up
would decide with judicial impartiality
the vexed and puzzling questions
involved; but a strange caprice of fortune
intervened to disappoint them.
I The four justices designated as members
of (lie commission were Clifford,
Field. -Miller and Strong?two Democrats
and two Republicans. This
equally divided the commission in politics,
with the fifteenth member in
abeyance and to be chosen by the four
. I'V
;'... " ..? '' V '
sin f
;ampaigns
of the past
Justices from their associates. It was
generally understood that seniority of
service would control their choice,
and that it would fall on Justice David I
Davis, of Illinois, who was believed
to favor Tihlen.
i
How Bradley Saved the Day.
Here intervened the strange caprice
of fortune. A Senatorial contest was
in progress in Illinois, with John A.
Logan, the incumbent, an active candidate
for re-election^ The Legisla
turc was so nearly a tie between the Republicans
and Democrats tliat five
"independents" held the balance of
power. They supported Justice Davis,
and after a prolonged struggle ihe
Democrats united with them and credited
him as Logan's successor. Then j
Davis resigned from the Supreme;
Court to take lis seat n the Senate. |
and Bradley, the next ranking Jus- j
ti.ee, was made the fifteenth member j
of the commission. Bradley was a
Republican, and his selection gave
that party a majority of the commission,
whose every vote proved to be j
a vote on strictly partisan lines. A |
vote of eight Republicans to seven
Democrats decided all disputed questions
in favor of the Republicans, and
though the process of decision was
slow?nor until hvo days before the
dare set by the Constitution for the
inauguration of the new President
was the counting finish, it was duly
determined that Louisiana, Florida
and South Carolina had cast their
elertoral votes for Hayes, who was
declared elected. Chandler's shrewd- i
ness and foresight lost Tilden the!
Presidency, to \Vliich he had been
elected by a popular majority of over
250.000. - ---?
i?i- oauiu, VJL .viiiiucauia, ?
chairman of the Republican National
Committee in 1SS0. but the real manager
of Garfield's successful campaign
in that year was ex-Senator Stephen
W. Dorsey, of Arkansas. Than Dorsey
few Americans of recent times
have had a more checkered career.
I-fe was born in Vermont and reared
in Ohio and fought as a private soldier
in the Civil War. Then he became
cashier of a bank in Oberlin,
hut the life was too dull and slow for
him. so lie borrowed money. went
South and for six cents a pound in
gold bought cotton, which he took to
Mobile, repairing the railroad and
running the engine which carried it
himself, and sold for SO cents a pound.
It rook him a week to travel SO -miles
by a sliakv and dilapidated railroad,
but he made $00,000 by the enterprise.
He invested it all and as much more
as he could borrow, in a stock of goods
which, sold in Alabama, yielded hint
within a year a profit of $200,000.
Dorsey's success now attracted the
attention of capitalists, who engaged
him to establish a tool company in
Sandusky. The city of Sandusky gave
him valuable properry and wharfage
rights to encourage the enterprise,
land 'he tool company quickly became
one of the biggest industrial concerns
| in the West.
Tr wns nnf lnm' 'mtt-orov Ti?fV?vir?
| Dorsey was induced to accept the
i Presidency of t ho Arkansas Central
i railway. which was such a financial
| wreck that its stock bad no market
; value. Five years later the road was
in a flourishing; condition and Dorsey
| was a millionaire. In 1S73. when he
j was 31 years old. lie was elected a
I Federal Senator from Arkansas. A
I year later he was a bankrupt, and gave
Everything over to his creditors. In
; IS SO he was again a millionaire, made
so by speculation in. New Mexico cattle
lands prosecuted on borrowed
money. The same year he managed
Gorfielcl's campaign with vim and energy
and without scruple as to the
weapons he employed. Then the Star
Route scandal burst upon the country,
and Dorsey was caught in it and
swept from his feet. It left him a
bruised and broken man. His name
still appeared now and then in the
newspapers, but his financial sun had
set. and lie will never regain either
| youth or fortune, while with politics
i lie lias had nothing to do for years.
Vet his past career has had a meteoric
brilliancy That will make ir long remembered.
Pitted against. Dorsey in 1SS0 was
William H. Barnum. of Connecticut. ,
ihen chairman of the Democratic National
Committee. Barnum was a (
liorn fighter. He not only set. forth ,
the good qualities of his own candi
date, but. he made personal warfare i
on the opposition, his campaign book j
itt 1SS0 being one of the ihost. vitriolic .
publications of its kind ever issued. \
In 1 SSI lie continued his policy of bit- ,
ter personal attacks on the enemy. |
and the campaign of that year was
memorable for expositions of the ]
"Muligan letters" anil other unsavory ,
affairs. The Burchard incident came (
as a climax to the contest, and though .
not designed by the campaign man- ^
agers it served, nevertheless, one of <
(Continued on Third Page.)
rW' ~:
^^?--. e^CVaT^.,.-^-U >J 'coPTRlCltT
THAT DELIGHTFUL FLAVOR
given by the juices of luscious fruits are (
ripe and fresh, makes Jim Martin'< try t(
soda so popular. The fact that ail are
these syrups are absolutely pure ap mat
peals to everyone's good sense who f0un
values health. The water used is pure prin<
also, and there is no Summer bever- C|T(
age so wholesome and delicious. Try
a glass of soda with his delicious ice
cream at the ?
j (jont
SOUTH SIDE PHARMACY. Cej"
ai1"
madNOTICE
"
O. B
If you see a nice I .oking
couple driving around with a * *
good stylish horse, elegant harness, monl
nobby run-a-bout, carriage or trap,
with nice clean robes, and everything
to matcli, you can wager ten to one it It
was hired from the Jackson Livery a fri<
Barn, as we put out only that kind ginia
FRED S, JACKSON, Manager. Open
day and night. 3 Tr
thing
; Com;
We carry a complete line of wood,
iron, anil Cincinnati bucket pumps. ^
J. L. Hall's Hardware Store.. x "
Doro
High
Your "want" is not important?to
anyone but yourself?until it has been So:
"put into type." City
. W. S. TH(
TRANS!
Hauling of all kinds. Moving
pianos a spec:
Residence. 319 Merchant street. ! Be
Office on Parks avenue, next "to lice,
Skinner's Tavern, Fairmont, W. j Co
Va. I 70, O
THE8MAH
, , " "
A /Vlagazlne of d
Magazines should have a well-defined pi
Genuine entertainment, amusement and
tives of The Smart Set, the
MOST SUCCESSFUL C
Its novels (a complete one in each upm
authors of both hemispheres.
Its short stories are matchless?clean
Its poetry covering the entire field of ve
ness?is by the most popular poets, men <
Its jokes, witticisms, sketches, etc., are
yoking.
ISO PAGES DELIGHT!
No pages aro wasted on cheap illustratu
ing essays and idle discussions.
Every page will interest, and refresh j
Subscribe now-?$2.50 per year. Remit
order, or registered letter to THE SMART
York.
N.3.?SAMPLE COPIES SENT FREE
CLARK GIVES f'T
land
$600,000! , e;
| skille
Montana Senator Contributes Ten nQt v
Times Amount to Democratic how t
Campaign Given By Senator perit"\
Gassaway Davis. lamit
McCo
NEW YORK. Oct. 3.?Senator W. C. form?
Clark, of Montana, has given $000,000 ^hat j
to the Democratic National campaign are
fund, ten times the amount contributed
by Henry G. Davis, the Vice BRY
Presidential candidate. The certified
check from Senator Clark reached "\ <
Chairman Thomas Taggart Friday tion, <
evening, and astounded the managers upon
of the Democratic campaign. victor
Senator A. P. Gorman, of Maryland, ANY,
yesterday in a statement said the lions
next President would be a Democrat, the c
"The general drift, as indicated by ment.
reports received from different parts as p
of the country points clearly to a friend
Democratic victory," said Senator stradc
Gorman. I cannot go far into a dis- * *
mssion of conditions in various ker V
States, but the Democrats every- ANTIwhere
are now united. A gratifying Jennii
feature of the situation is the person- er," J
ility of Judge Parker, which seems [o
draw men to him. On the whole ??
chances of Democratic success are _
.... ; ,<&>
jright. ' " J
Senator L. E. McComas, of Mary- ' , .
[and, in a statement yesterday said [
:lie Republicans have a good chance
if carrying Maryland for Roosevelt
ind Fairbanks. "The Republican
prospects in Maryland are most onpouraging,"
said Senator McComas.
rhere is a marked tendency among
" J
t,
^-?1 "^"^SoptrjGHT: *
:. ri;-.-;7fp^,\-'N
FORTUNE'S FAVORS
; .. _; ..,...' / r^
.
.f your own making. Those who
3 win them by reckless speculation
most often unsuccessful. Legitii
methods of acquiring wealth
ded on the most solid of financial
fiples are offered by the
ZENS' DOLLAR SAVINGS BANK-.
JOSEPH SCHUSTER",
ractor for Cement Sidewalks;
tr Floors, Yards, Retaining Walla
Steps. Stable Floors and Cellara
e water tight, a specialty.
:sidence?Spence street, near Maivenue.
F. & M. 'Phone, 534- E;
:ox, 476. Fairmont, W. Ve.
lave some good bargains on Fair-'
t avenue. Call and see me. H.
,anham. ? tu
is easy to get guesses by asking
2nd to subscribe for the West Vir.n
six months. x.
S
y your luck?it doesn't cost anyCoal
City House Furnishing
pany. x.
ds an enhanced feminine charm?
thy Dodd shoes for women. C. B.
land. . x
me person -will get the chair. Coal
House Furnishing Company. x
RER*.
household goods ana
Laity.
11 'Phone?Residence, 340 : Of8.
nsolidated 'Phone?[Residence,,
llice, 100.
T SET
cleverness;
irpose.
[ mental recreation are the moIF
ft$AGAZf^ES.
berl are by the most brilliantand
full of interest.
:rse?pathos, love, humor, tenderiid
women of the day.
admittedly the most mirth-pro- UL
READING.
)ns, editorial vaporings or wearyrou.
; in cheque, P. O. or ExpressSET,
452 Fifth Avenue, New" ^
ON APPLICATION.
ess nTen to vote against a
re. The young voters of Maryincline
strongly to Roosevelt,.
50 do the railroad men and the
s. Investigation among the
d labor vote shows that they do
rant, a change. They remember
hey voted out Harrison and pros
and voted in Cleveland and cay
twelve years ago." Senator
mas concluded by saying that in11
ion received gives assurance
>oth West Virginia and Delaware
ate for Roosevelt and Fairbanks.
AN'S VIEW OF PLATFORM.
shall not misrepresent the situaar
appeal for votes for the ticket
false grounds. A Democratic
y will mean VERY LITTLE, IF
PROGRESS on economic quesso
long as the party is under
ontrol of the Wall Street ete*
* * The LABOR PLANK
repared by Judge Parker's
s on the sub-committee was a
lling, meaningless plank. *
The nomination of Judge ParIRTUALLY
NULLIFIES THE
TRUST PLANK." ? William
igs Bryan, in "The Commonuly
13, 1904.
FAIRMONT. W. VA.

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