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i VOL. BLEVBJST. BROWNSVILLE, TEXAS, SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 6, 1902. NUMBER 164. OON'SOMiATKI IN JULY 1893, WITH THE DAILY COSMOPOLITAN, WHICH WAS PUBLISHED HERE FOR SIXTEEN YEARS unt 9 PROFESSION!- CARDS.' J-A3IES B "WELXS, ATTORNEY AT LAW. Office Second, Floor Rio Grange. R1oa:l, Building. t. TL. GOODRICH. E. K. GOODRICH E. H. GOODRICH & SON Attorneys at Law. Dealers in Real Estate. (VmiDSete Abstracts of Cameron Count kept in the office. BROWNS 'l.LE. TEXAS H. THORN Sgft DENTIST. Office Opposite HERLAD Office. Office Hours: yi ' and from i to 5 p. m. BROWNSVILLE. TEXAS. p. W. KIRKHAM, Physician and Surgeon Special attention to the s ' dis-ases of the Eve, Ear, Hose and Throat. Of fife rnTilghman Buildins, (P Thirteenth street. Brownsville Texas. D It. L. F. LAVTON. Physician and Surgeon -YPWTnE: Parker Row, Corner V2tL (up and Washington stairs.) Entrance Street. BliOWffSVIfM : street., Washington TEXAS jJUVAL WEST, ATTORNEY AT LAW, , San Antoxio, Texas. FRENCH BUILDING, MAIX PLAZA. Will practice in the federal" and stat courts. Laud titles examined. W. E. DENNETT, m & F8RGV GrOCBNBS Staple Oigars, smoking and chewing tobacco, Fancy candies, cakes and crackers, Full line tin ware, crockery, Etc Washington Street. MADE NEW, -a Joseph Kuek Cabinet Maker. Aud General Repairer is i. rfiuty to repair ami uplnlsir furniture Levee and llt. .- 1 WiU&C THE TAILOR. ELIZABETH STREET. I am prepnj and eU-H?1 On !ir imi Giui Shop Uip .- i t.i Vfn k ! j'tfcrv,. not worth the cost. Tariff on Philippine Importations Is Exceedingly Small. j Washington, September 1. Sur prising results have followed the compilation of tarifi returns on goods imported from the Philippines during the first five months of the operation of the Philippine tariff act approved March 8 last. Under that act 75'per cent of the jDingey rates were to be collected on Phil ippine imports into the United States and this was to be held as a trust fund in the United States treasury. Although when the act ,vas mSsed it was realized that the imposition of any duties of this kind would be restrictive of trade it was argued that as the returns would be somewhere in the neighborhood of $500,000 per annum, that consider tion would outweigh the drawbacks of maintaining a tariff svstem J.- against the Philippines. Returns just published in the treasury show that the total receipts for the five months of March, April, May, June and July were but $11,194, a sum so small, in the opinion of the of ficials, as to scarcely meet the cost of collection. Moreover, the returns by months do not show any in creases, but rather a decrease in the collections. These facts will 1 brought to the attention of congress at its next session. NO PvOOM FOR MONARCHY. Bismarck's Reference to the South in 1SG4. Berlin, Aug. 5. 'lie American colon v is amazed at a passage m i Major Schcibert's noteworthy book, "With Sword and Pen," just pub- lished by Mittler ar.d Sohn, royal printers, in which Bismarck, then PrusMan chancellor, made a re t markable statement about alleged i rdans of the confederate states to ; found a monarchy. At tlie time of i the conversation (April' 22, 1SG4) ' Major Scheibert bad v just returned from the United States, where he acted as war correspondent for the Prussian general staff. The two men, with Minister von Keudell, were driving over the Duppeln bat tlefield, when Bismarck suddenly said: "I there any truth in the story that the confederates intend to make Prince Albert of Great Britain their king, thus founding a hereditary monarchy?" Scheibert denied that he had beard of such a scheme while in America, and branded the whole thing as a hoax, adding: "It's impossible on the face of it everything in America gravitates toward the republican from of government. If a mon archy were established hi any part ot that vast country, the wholtf con tinent would rise in rebellion." "Bismarck," continues the author, "thereupon addressed ITerr von Keudell as follows: 'You see, I was right in my estimate of the American character: History makes conservatism; the American re public is the most conservative from of government in that country: XapoleOn's --.empire meant . revolu tion: the English constitution is conservative while our own, in Prussia, is revolutionary. That tmuoli (snapping his fingers) for your Albert 1 of South America." Old newspapers office. sale at this MONT PELEE'S WORK Loss- of Life by Late Eruption Placed at 1000 and 1500 Injured." Basse Terre, Island of Guadalupe, French West Indies, Sep. 2. It has been learned from the gen darmes of the Island of Martinique that 1600 persons were killed and 1500 injured during the last erup tion of Mont Pelee. According to an official account, the eruption of August 30 was one of the most severe that has been experienced. Morne Rouge and a great part of Ajoupa Boullon were destroyed. The zone between the River Capote and the valley of Champ Florre and Fonds Marie Peine has been devastated. Mont Capote suffered severely, and the hills ftround Basse Pointe were burned. The Governor or the island is arranging for the evacuation of the northern parishes and the removal of the wounded. The temperature at Martinique is reported to be almost unbearable. SOME 'MIGHi Y FEASTS. Chicago News. In the days when George III was king of England the baronet of Wynnsfay Park, Sir Watkins Wil-liame-Wynn, entertained 15,000 guests on his estate. Three coach fuls of cooks journeyed to Wynn stay from London. I here were on the table 300 oxen, pigs and sheep, 200 rthiekrfns. 421 salmon. 37 hir- kevs, 109 lobsters. 720 trout, 200j crawfish, GO barrels of nickled ovs-1 ters, 16G hams, 110 ox tongues, 350 fruit and meat pies, 100 plum pud dings, 300 bushels ef potatoes, 6000 bundles of asparagus and hundreds of pounds of meats and fruits of various kinds. There was drunk 0000 gallons of milk and 100 quarts of cream. Twenty thousand mayors of France dined a few months ago in the Paris Tuileries gardens. Twelve ten kitchens, each with a staff of thirty chefs, cooks and potboys, were established for the mayoralty feast and the army of waiters was 3000 strong. Four hundred huge Lyons sausages were cut up into 44,000 slices, 3000 fowls and 2500 ducks were roasted, without count ing 500 sirloins of beef, 1S00 pheasants, 5700 pounds of salmon, 18,000 pounds of butter, 6600 pounds of grapes, 1SX000 peaches and 15,000 pears. Fiftv thousand j bottles of wine, champagne and minerals waters were ready in case any of the 20,000 mayors wanted a drink. COST OF CIVILIZATION. People get up and thank heaven whenever a war ends, but the ap paratus of modern civilization kills more people every year than are destroyed in g$at wars in the same length of time. Electricity kills daily, even experts growing careless 'Tpying the penalty of indis enon; moving vehicles of every sorwrom automobiles and street carsommon carts and wagons slay t heirNlhousands yearly and maim morehe list of accidents in mines and mills is a formidable one. A crowded and busy world pays a huge tribute of human life to progress. Mexican Herald. ARKANSAS VOTE LIGHT. Both Democrats and Republicans Show a Heavy Shrinkage. Little Rock, Ark., Sept. 2. Re turns from Monday's election are coming in very slowly and a de crease of about 10 per cent is being shown. Governor Davis' vote for re election will be a little less than two years ago, while the Republican vote shows a bis shrinkage. Com-. plete returns are in from but eight counties and they show a majority of 50 per cent for Davis. H. H. Miers the regular Republi can nominee, will receive 70 per cent of that vote and Charles D. Greaves, the insurgent nominee, the remainder. There was great interest in this factional fight, because it is understood that the faction polling the greatest number of votes would have the ear of the President' in fu ture. George H. Kimball, the Prohibi tionist candidate, is running ahead of the rote ever received by a third candidariji this State. The proposal amendment to the Constitution to change the compen sation of members from per diem to annual salary is probably lost. EXPANSION AND TRADE, Both Porto Rico and the Philip pines are small countries. The aggregate of their trade can not be large. But this is what five years of ex pansion have done for their pur chases from the United States: In 1897 Porto Rif) bought of the United States $l,98i,388 In 1902 Porto BMo bought of the United States $K7l9,444. " In 1897 the Philippines bought of the United States $94,597. In 19Q the Philippines bought of the United States $5,261,SG7. This is not large trade as trade is measured by this country, but neither are these countries large, nor does this trade measure all. With this trade come increased contact, increased investment, an increase m the earth's area in which order is maintained, in which education is growing, and in which civilization is developed. All nations are better for the ad vance of each nation. Neither Porto Rico nor the Philippine Islands had made progress or advance in generations. Both have do.ne more in five years under the United States flag than in a century under the sovereignty of Spain. This advance of 450 per cent in the consumption of American goods by Porto Rico and fifty-four fold in the Philippines" is a faint meas ure of the advance made by both countries in everything which makes : for civilization and the upbuilding of man. Philadelphia Press (Rep.) TO PREVENT COCK CROWING. London Country Life. It is quite easy to keep fowls and prevent them from crowing. All that is needed isli slight string over the neck and fastened to a foot. J t ' is the habit of cftanticleer to throw back his head when crowing, and he will not crow if prevented, as lie may be. by the string, from doing so. The contrivance lias the great merit of inflicting ho pain what ever. The bird scarcely, knows of the pressure of the string till he tries to crow and a harmless jerk brings him to trder. VOLCANOES IN A LAKE. Remarkable .Body of Water Near the Mexican Boundary Has Been Pound. ) Arizona Republican. 'Squire Redwine, who has been in Phoenix for several days, yester day described a smoking Jake not far from the country where he lives. The lake is about 40 miles. from the town of Imperial and 21 miles south of Mexico. It lies within the Cocgpah country at the base of th mountains, even below the foothills, but it has not been there very long. It is on the Mexican side of the line. It used to be in California, and was supplied with water by the Chino river, but the Mexican clam med that strefun and the water was turned into the Cocopah river, which feeds the new lake and does little else. Within the boundaries of the new lake there has Ijeen for several years what the Indians believed to be a volcano. Smoke was almost constantly rising from the ground., but there had been no other sign of an eruption. The water of tie lake now covers the volcano to a depth of from five to, ten feet. Ever since the water has been tUere there has been trouble and it is getting worse every day. The Indians have moved from that neighborhood, and the whites in the settlement- 20 miles north are thinking of moving. The lake is about 14 miles long-r but not of great width. At first the disturbance was con fined to that part of the water in the vicinity of the volcano, but nowT the water is boiling over a consider able parts of its aTea, and explo sions are growing more and mort frequent. People living in the neigh borhood of Texico are often awaken ed by them in the night time. Eruptions are going on all the time, but they are generally of sufficient force only to throw up the water to the height of a few feet. That makes no noise that can be heard at any great distance. But occasionally the eruption breaks through the water and shoots mud into the air at a height of 40 feet. Whenever this happens the noise can be heard and a flame can be seen for miles It was such demonstrations as these that frightened the Indians away. There are boats on the lake, and parties have started out to the vol cano, but they have always turned back without completing the inves tigation. One party which came back reported seeing an area of mud 40 feet square thrown 5Q feet into the air. The level of this lake is several feet below sea level. The whole CocopUi country has been a volcanic region. The side of the mountains and the country for a considerable distance around are covered with sulphur. Within the memory of some of the older resi dents of Arizona one of the volca aoes in the mountain range was ac tive. HE WAS MUCH OBLIGED. Tramp: I'm very much obliged for fhat piece &' fresh bread you gave me, mum. Young Housekeeper: You are welcome. Tramp: Yds, mum. It was a little too doughy to eat, mum, but it tightened my leakv shoes up ele gant X. Y. Weeklv.