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BROWNSVILLE DAILY HERALD.
VOL. XIV, NO. 54. BROWNSVILLE, TEXAS, SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 2, 1905. SINGLE COPIES, 5 CENTS. COST OF EDUCATION VS. COST OF WAR. His Sweetheart. A few evenings ago we saw a PHILIPPINE INDEPENDENCE. 4 McDonald's Department Store One Price The n. n. Mcdonald IT'S WORTH WHILE E. H. CALDWELL'S New Catalog No. 10. Mouths of incessant linnl work; an investment ranging from the value of a pound of type to a fine Cylinder press and hundreds of dollars more for fine paper nnd cuts; an accurate knowledge of the Implement and Machinery HardwareBusinfesS acquired by years of close attention to its details; all combined have brought the work so nearly to completion, that we announce the early issue of our New Catalog No. 10. . To learn what it contains, how it will be kept up-to-date, and how to sccurq n copy, wHl be fully explained in a descriptive circular. Your postngc bnck on receipt of your request for the circular. IT'S WOfeTH WHILE. E. H. Caldwell. GorjpuS Christi, Texas. COMPETENT ESTABLISHED 1865 Botica del Lean ....You Want the Best Your Physician aims to put all his knowledge, expedi ence and skill into the prescription he writes. It is an order for a combination of remedies which your case requires. He cannot rely on the result unless the ingredients are properly compounded. , Be fair to your doctor and to yourself by bringing your prescriptions here. They'll be compounded only by registered pharmacists, who are aided by the largest stock of drugs in this Dart of the state. Evervthine of the finest aualitv that now can B buy or experience can select. I J. L Putegnat & Biu Fordyce & Rio Grande City Transfer Co Stage leaves Fordyce on arrival of train, except Sunday, and ar rives at Rio Graudc City same uight taking just four hours. Leaves Rio Grande City daily at 2, p. m., except Sunday, and arrives at Fordyce same day at 6 p. m. Makes the trip in four hours and connects at Fordyce with trains for Brownsville, Corpus Christi, San Antonio, Texas; Monterey and other cities in Mexico. FARE ONE WAY $2.50; ROUND TRIP $4.00 Passengers will find along the route first-class hacks and teams, thus t-aveling with case and convenience. Drivers are the best to be found. ExUa hacks will be furnished either way, if desired, at reasonable rates. QUERRA & SHELY, Proprietors THIS SPACE BELONGS TO Watch for Our New Arrivals , from New York. Greater Bargains Than Ever Before PHARMACY Lowest T. J. Cahill, TIN AND SHEET IRON WORKER Galvaiized Cisterns, Smokestacks, Installation and Repairing of Irrigatioa Plants This Spce BELONGS TO Attorney W. N. Parks WATCH FOR HIS AD. C H. Klkins. IX. B A. B. cole, IX. B ELKIflS & COLE ATTORKEYS-AT-LaW "Will practice in all court. State and Federal. Special attention given to land and ab tract business. Will do collecting: Office Over Botica del Asruila. Combes Drug Store DR. C. H. THORN Office opposite The Herald. TEI.KPHOKK M Tcxv. C. A. ROBERTS ....DENTIST.... Office over Botica del Aguila. rhotic 124 Klizabeth St Brpivnsvillc. Texas Oils, Gasoline! Have on hand a stock of Kerosene Oil and Lubri cating Oils; Engine and Stove Gasoline. Call or write for prices. : : Gulf Refining Co. FRANK CHAMPION, Atut When you visit the Island City make our store your headquarters. W e take good care of all MAIL ORDERS. E. S. Levy & Co. Mn'i t4 Beys' Qfln Fra Kmc Is Fm(. GALVESTON, TEXAS 4-18 F. W. Seabury ATTWEV-AT-LAW IV Oracle CKy, TezM Will practice in the District Court of Starr, Hidalgo, Zapata and Webb Counties. Firing a Sandy Hook Gun Is More Ex pensive than (he Education of Daniel Webster. The amount now spent for edu cation in the United States is about two hundred million dollars a year. From present indications the .an nual appropriation for the navy alone will soon very largely ex ceed this sum, with prospects of in definite expansion. Until recently the combined military and naval expense of the country were less than one-fourth of those of educa tion. We are, therefore, progress ing four times as fast in the arts of war as in those of peace. The latest type of battleship will cost eight million dollars to build, as much as the entire appropria tion for the army and thenavy dur ing the eight years of Washing ton's presidency, since which time the military and naval expenses have increased firteen times as fast as the population, and when this ship is finished it will be merely an experiment! England has had the largest experience in naval con struction, and has recently declar ed a great number of her warships to be useless. Eight million dollars is more than three times the cost of all the buildings and equipments of Tufts College, Boston Univer sity, Williams College and Amherst College. The yearly maintenance, operation, interest on investment, deterioration, and gun practice of this battleship will exceed one and one-half million dollars a sum sufficient to pay every living and educational expense of three thou sand young men or women in our best colleges, or to meet the school expenses of fifty thousand children. It costs more for the mere material to fire one shot from the gun at Sandy Hook than it did to educate Daniel Webster. A day's gun prac tice of a single ship, firing at ima ginary enemies, costs more than it did to educate Emerson, Longfel low, Lowell and Phillips in Harv , ard College. Any increase in a; propriations and naval activity im mediately produces a correspond ing iucrease in activity by the other great naval powers of the world, and this, in turn, excites us to further expenditure, so none gains anything in relative strength. The burden is merely increased. The taxpayers of the different naval powers ot tne worm are kept in a state of continual excitement and fear by the activity of the others, each believing there is an intention to secure some unfair advantage, and claiming that no other reason can be offered in explanation of this extraordinary and unprece dented growth. There have been necessary and honorable wars,, and the future may have others in store. There are nobler sentiments than those of peace duty patriotism, justice and honor but above them all we may write love to man. To deny a penny of necessary appro priation or to cease one moment's needed activity in any genuinely patriotic cause is so wholly un American that I need not refer to it. But it is far better to direct our labors toward the things that will build us up rather than toward those that tend to pull is down. It is far nobler and more in accordance with the spirit of American develop ment ana progress to direct our energies into the channels through which we may uplift our entire country and aid the whole world. Many of the arguments for a great er navy are untenable and specious. There is little reason for the exis tence of the navy, but many reasons why it should be dismissed and pass away as soon as possible. Austin Barclay Fletcher in "Suc cess Magazine." Near the Panama canal exist gold mines abandoned by Spain centuries ago. TWy will soon be reopened. ; friend at the livery stable hiring a rig for a drive. We jocularly re marked: "Going to be kind to your sweetneartr aim tne young fellow replied somewhat bashfully, Yes, sir." Later we saw him M with his mother in thebuggy. They were in front of a soda fountain. The young man called to us, and when "he had spoken to his mother, the young fellow re marked: "This is the sweetheart I told you I was going to take for a drive," and he looked as proud as a king. The mother's eyes suddenly became moist, and the editor's heart was too full of emo tion for speech. With a "God bless them both" in my heart we turned away and left them, the mother proud of the boy lover and the son as happy in the love of the mother as ever he will be in the paradise of. God. Such love can never die. Sulphur Springs Ga zette. Swindling Tramp. James B. Dill, whose recent speech on "Graft," at Oberlin College, was widely quoted, told recently a story about a swindling tramp. "This tramp," said Mr. Dill, "had the alert, unscrupulous, bold mind that makes grafting suc cessful. He was walking down a city street one day when he saw a little boy stoop and pick up some thing. He crossed over to the boy quietly. 'You have made a find, my lad?' he said. 'Yes, sir,' said the innocent boy; 'I have found a silver ring.' 'I thought so,' said the tramp. 'It's the one I just dropped. Now, ain't it lucky I had my name cut in it? 'What is your name?' said the .boy suspiciously. 'Sterling, lad Take it, then. It is yours,' said .the boy handing the ring over with a disappointed air." Kansas City Star. The vitality of the snail is re markable. One that was glued to a card in a museum for four years J came to life on being immersed in the collection of a naturalist reviv ed after they apparently had been dead for fifteen years. New South Wales is overrun with town mice. In one store in the e of Merrion the other day 10,000 were caught. THE NEW YORK WORLD Twkc.A.Wee, Edakm Kui Wherever the EnP' Language is Spoken. For the autumn season now at hand the most valuable paber to you will be the New York Thrice a-Week World, because it offers you more at the price than any paper published anywhere in the world. Tnic ic i fitno rvf nrroo f oxmti I c , , . . ,'l shelf to gather dust until you get We are having great wars, ano'jt . , . . . other changes of a stirring hum are occurring both at home and abroad. 1 he 1 hrice-a-Week world comes to you every other day, except Sunday, with all the news, fully, accurately and promptly told. The Thrice-a-Veek World is fair in its political reports. You can get the truth from its columns, whether you are Republican or Democrat, and that is what you want. The Thrice-a-Week World al ways has a serial story running, and it is always a first-class story by a first-class author. The Thrice- a-Week World publishes better fic tion than any other newspaper in the United States. Special atten tion is also given to markets, and there are many other valuable fea tures. The Thrice-a-Week World's reg ular subscription price is only $1.00 per year, and this pays for 156 pa pers. We offers this unequalled newspaper and Tmx Weekly Her ald together one year forBl.75. The regular subscription price of tfce two papers is $2,50. Concensus of Opinion of Congressmen That Filipinos Arc Unfit for It. Manila, P. I. The last session of the conference with the agitators for the independence of the Philip pine Islands developed the fact, according to a concensus of opinion among the Congressmen present, that the Filipinos are altogether unfit for immediate independedce. Apart from the problems presented in the civilization of the Igorrotes, the Moros, the Maccabees and other tribes, it would be cruel to turn tlem over to the theorists and demagogues. They would then experience the worst kind of exploitation. The statements of the speakers at the meeting were widely divergent, those of the mercenary faction being in contrast with the native agitators. The Provincial Governors, when they were heard, emphatically declared that the whole people of the islands were unfit for independence for many years. It developed during the session that the two principal agitators had been under sentence for various crimes. Secretary Taft, Miss Roosevelt. and'W. Bourke Cochran visited several of the Catholic colleges, which conferred honors on the gentlemen and presented souvenirs to the ladies of the party. The ladies of the party and formed a branch of the Red Cross society. Desultory Reading Habits. (0. 9. Marden in "Success Maeazine.") The mind is a -very delicate, complicated piece Of mechanism, and, although made to do a cer tain kind of work marvelously well, yet, when put to an entirely differertt Use, its efficiency is ruin ed, just as the delicate machinery intended for producing fine watch parts would be completely spoiled for this purjpose if used to make clock parts. When the mind be comes deflected, to a certain ex tent, from its normal condition by the vicious reading habit, it di verges more and mjpre, and rarely goes back to the normal. By desultory habits of reading and lack of system you confuse the mind with a large riiass of unclas sified material. You pick up a book and read a few pages and then pick up another one, and then go from that to a paper or maga zine. This puts the mind in a chaotic state, because you let every thing run into the mental reservoir without any order or definite plans. Systemless reading is profitless. You cannot gain knowledge of a friend or prize his friendship oy a hasty first impression, so in read ing a book you cannot gain ever lasting good by skimming over Its contents, or by reading a few, pages ! one night and then putting it on a cime to read it again. Everything comes out of the mind as it went in, and if it does not enter in an orderly manner it will come out in chaos. Notice of Meeting. The annual meeting of the stock holders of the Brownsville and Gulf Railway Company will be held at the office of the company, in Brownsville, Texas, on Thurs day, the 21st day of September 1905, at 10 o'clock a. m., for the purpose of electing directors, and the transaction of such other busi ness as may be brought before the meeting. The transfer books of the com pany will be closed at 3 o'clock p. m. on the 20th day of September, 1905, and will remain closed until three days after the final adjourn ment of the meeting. The regular annual meeting of the board of directors will be held at the'same place and on the same date. Brownsville, Tex. August IStk. 1905.. M.PAYntv 8-15-9-20 Secretary.