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VOL. XIV, NO. 151. BROWNSVUXB. TEXAS, WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 27, 1905. SINGLE COPIES, 5 GENTS. Br DAILY HERALD. If J THE i it - A Are You FAMOUS Critical? .2 Know exactly what you want when buying clothes? Come here with your mind set on what you want and your desires will be satisfied. To dress well is a matter of judgmentas Avell as price. It requires judgment to select reliable values at prices in keeping with the qualities. Our clothing "is made right at the right price." It bears the 'S. it. & S," label. Prices range from $10 to 20. You should' see our splendid assortments. Suit Cases and Valises, a splendid as sortment for the traveler, also a very useful holiday present, from..;$l to 10 Boys' suits from $1 to $6. Overcoats for the boys, ages & to 15, $4 up Stetson, Roelofs, and Young Bros. Hats, prices $3, $5, $6 and $7 It matters not what shape you prefer, we have it, in soft or stiff hajs Also Young Bros.' Silk Hats ....$7.50 Gold and Silver Brand Shirts $1 up cA SPERO COMBE BUILDING, NEXT TO P. O. A i T5 Home of Good Clothes for Man and Boy , HI warn a ii i 1 r' in ft A- ifr- i ilV- i mr I Hf" ' v" v" ily I C F. Eltlns. U.B A. B. cole. LL..B ELKINS -& COLE ATTO RNE YS-AT-LA W Will practice in all courts. State and Federal. special attention gives to land and at- ' stract business. Will do collecting Office-Ovpr Botica del Acuila. Combes Dpi? Store DR. C. H. THORN BerrList. JSS"OflTce opposite The Herald. - - TELEPHONE 51 - t Texas. Brownsville. F. W. Seabury ATTORNEY-AT-LAW - Rio Grande City, Texas Will practice in the District Courts of Starr, Hidalgo, Zapata and Webb Counties. HOW GUNS ARE MADE TOLD BY A VISITOR TO FAC- . TORY AT SPRINGFIELD. E. H. GOODRICH Sb SON ....MANAGERS.... Cameron County Abstract Company Real Estate and Mortgage Loans. For Quality, Quantity, And Delivered Prices WRITEi C E. H. CALDWELL 3 i mwnmK V ii hum mmmtdfr m CORPUS CHRISTI, TEXAS Hardware, Machinery S upplies Fordyce & Rio Grande City Transfer Co Stage leaves Fordyce on arrival of train, except Sunday, and ar rives at Rio Grande City same night taking just four hours. Leaves Rio Grande Oty daily at 2 p. m., except Sunday, and arrives at Fordyce same day at 6 p. m. Makes the rip n four hours and connects at Fordyce with trains for Brownsville, Corpus Christi, San Antonio, Texas; Monterey and other cities in Mexico. FARE ONE WAY $2.50; ROUND TRIP $4.00 Passengers will find along the route first-class hacks and teams, thus r-aveling with case and convenience. Drivers are the best to be found. ExtJa hacks will be furnished either way, if desired, at reasonable rates. GUERRA & SliELY, Proprietors R. B. CPEAGER, Attorney and . Counsellor-at-Law Office, over Yturria Bank, Eliza beth Street. Union Bakery John Thielen, Manager Bread, Biscuit, Cakes, Etc., Made From Choicest Brands of Flour Elizabeth Street, Brownsville, Tex Burt E. Hinkley Notary Public Brownsville Undertaking Comp'riy Phone 123 WHITE ELEPHANT SALOON V. 1 CRIXELL. Prerrirtor. First-class Liquors, Wines, Cigars. Polite Attention. Market Square Brownsville, Texas Wholesale Groceries Cheap for Cosh Frank Alcedo Celaya Building. D. B. CHAPIN ATTORNEYS LAW HIDALGO, TEXAS It Makes a Big Difference to You Whether the goods you buy are of the right quality cr not. If they are not and you have to have them, then you have to pay first for poor goods and pay again for good goods, which you should have had in the first place. To pay twice for the same thing or the same purpose is unprrofitahle. WILLMAN CAR RIES A LINE oF DRUGS, MEDICINES, AND TOILET ARTICLES OF THE FIRST QUALITY. Come personally, phone or send us your mail orders 1E 40. WILIMAN'S PHARMACY Constantine Hotel W. A. FITCH, Proprietor Traveling men's trade solicited. Free sample rooms are provided Nothing too good for our guests if to be found in the market..!? Corp tu Qu'!. Texas JAMES B. WELLS cAttorney at Law Successor to Powers & Maxan, Towers & Wells, Wells & Eeutfro Wells, Rentfro & Hicks, Wells & Hicks, Wells, Stayton & XIherg I buy and sell R'bu Estate and investigate land titles. A complete abstract . . all itles of record in Cameron County, Texas. Practice in all state and federal courts, when especially employed. Land Irrigation and corporation practice. How Uncle Sam Does the Vork Odd Contrasts al the Arsenal at Spring field Every Gun Tested. It- would be hard to find aii ' inH stitution as dramatic in its contrast as -the United States: arsenal- at Springfield, Capable as it is of turning out thousands of murder- t ous weapons in a single day, it is as peaceful and as pleasant to look upon asv if. it were an oldIadies' home. ' " - The buildings.are scattered over twenty-five acres or . more, With their perfect quiet, , their green lawns and fine old elms, they are like an almost forgotten park in the very heart of the city. Beau tiful homes surround the arse nal grounds. Church towers look down into them. Nine cows graz ed under the windows when the Sun representative visited theestab lishment the other day. Yet in some of those quiet brown buildings stacked with long boxes! suggestive of coffins are 150,000 of the most up""to date man killing instruments. And in the other buildings men work unremittingly, making yet more and more thou sands. Our very young Government began manufacturing guns at Springfield back in 1791, and has been at it, on practically the same sities, ever since. Early in the Nineteenth century the water shops" were started, nearer the river than the main arsenal, for forging the heavier pieces, 'and as the "water shops" they are known to this day. In the two places 1,000 men are employed, and 1,000 magazine rifles can be' turned out in a day If there were any extraordinary pressure, necessitating double shifts, or even two and a half shifts, as in war time, the output would be correspondingly greater Up to 1892 the rifle known as the Springfield was the regulation gun used in the army. At that time a change was made to the Krag-Jorgensen, which was man' ufactured at Springfield continous ly from that date to within the past year or so. Now a new model has superseded theKrag-Jorgensen. It is officially known as the United States rifle of 1903, and is suppos ed to incorporate all the best fea tures of the most improved army rifles the world over. There is no particular necessity for secrecy in the manufacture of small arms. Any Government can easily get specimens of those made in other countries. Col. Phipps' the commanding officer at Springfield, secures foreignjmade rifles and has the experts, at the armory take them to pieces and report on the details of their con struction. Of course other countries do the same with our rifles, so that there is not much danger of spies at Sprh.field; or, rather, not much of an excuse for spying. Never theless, permits to visit the armory are not issued to foreigners, and th law requires that every employe shall be a citizen of the United States. Exceptions of course, are some times made to the rule against ad mitting foreigners. Some time ago a number of Japanese visited Japanese have been buying quan 1 tities of American black walnut for gunstocks. Because of its greater density black walnut is the prefer red wood every where for this pur .pose, but the American product is not as good as the European. Im ported black walnut is denser than the American, but the price is also considerably more solid. For the square, unturned stock . as it . is bought by the Government, Uncle Sam pays 55 " cents for American black walnut and from 95 cents to Si or more for the imported wbod. Most of the domestic"wood .comes from the Indian Territory, Mis souri and Arkansas. There has been a good deal of talk for several years about the supply of black walnutgiving out, but unless we or the Japs get into another war there will probably be enough' to last for some, time to come. Apparently the. Springfield en- ployes like to work for Uncle Sam, for one is struck with the number of gray haired men in the shops. One of the foremen has been there more-than fifty years. Almost all of the work is piece work, so that unless there is extraordinary pres sure a man can be kept on, even after his earning capacity has be come less. He gets what he can make. Every machine, however, is supposed to have a certain ouc put and in case of haste in turn ing out a big consignment the machines must be made to do their full work or the man is laid off. The employes are not under mil itary discipline of any sort. One would expect to find" the place heavily guarded; for no particular reason, of course, since no one is likely to try to lug off a case of rifles. Still, the ordinary civilian would not oe surprised to and a soldier camped down at every door and peering watchfully from" every window. It is therefore a surprise to find that there are exactly" forty-three soldiers stationed there. A sentry at each gate seemed perfectly ad equate for the protection of a lot of rifles which nobody wants. Another surprise for the un thinking outsider is the activity of the arsenal in times of peace. That about 1,800 men should be assidu ousiy manufacturing nnes tor a country which hasn't a shred of war cloud in sight seems to the thrifty but thoughtless civilian an extravagance. It is with rifles, however, as it is with some other things: they don't have a chance to wear-out, perhaps, before they go out of style. And if there came a war, an army with old-fashioned equipment would be as handicap ped against an army with up to date guns as a women in old clothes at a "tea fight." It is considered good policy to change the fashion in rifles about everv eight or ten years, lne Krag-Jorgensen reign ed from 1892 to 1903. Now the new style is being furnished the army. To guard against imperfections every gun made at Springfield is fired five times. A charge one and a "half times the usual one is used, in order to develop possible seams, formed by a blow hele drawn out in the making of the barrel. An inclosure,, 60 J by 600 feet in size, serves as a range, where all gnus are tested as to their aim. a process known as targeting. Expert matks ir.en are constantly employed at this work. The firing quality of of a gun; a a velocity of the vertical accuracy loss, for instance, of eighty feet per second requiring a higher aim than what ,might be called the normal one. - As for the man behind the gini, one may sight a thirty-second of an inch higher in the V than an other; a scarcely appreciable dis tance to the ordinary -gunner him self, but in" rifles of the present length of range, enough to cause them to fall short or to overshoot. When all precautions hare been taken the guns are packed in cases and stored, perhaps in the very building of which Longfellow wrote after he and his wife had visited the arsenal in company with Charles Sumner, on their wedding- journey in 1843. . Sumner talked, a good deal of how much better it would have been for the world if the money which had gone to the making of all those guns could have been put into libraries, and Mrs. Longfellow said that the bur nished gun barrels, ranged in rows from floor to ceiling, reminded her of the pipes of a great organ. "We grew quite warlike against war," sue said atterward, and I urged H. to write a peace poem." When Longfellow followed out the suggestion a few months later. his wife's fanciful simile was" the keynote of the verses beginning. This is the Arsenal. From floor to ceil ing, Like a huge organ, rise the burnished arms, But from their silent pipes no anthem pealing . , I Startles the villages with strange alarms. r. GAP CLOSED. Brownsville and Bay City TiedBy-'BindV voUteeitTaTnWas Run Tuesday. "Apress dispatch of December 24, from Houston has the following: regarding a subject which is of in terest to the Brownsville Country: Mr. Jeff N. Miller, general man ager of the St. Louis, ' Brownsville & Mexico Railroad, stated today that the gap between Bay City and' Brownsville was connected up iast night. The steel contact was made at just 6 o'clock. The first traits will run over the entire line be tween those po'"ts on next Tues day. The first tiafhvTr commer- rc :it itM---wX. t, t February. This delay is occasion ed by the terms of the- contract with the builders. There remains the gap- betweetr. Bay City and where the line touches the Santa Fe a short dis tance below Alvin, which; will re quire sixty of seventy days to complete, then trains will be operated into Houston and Galves ton. This gap has required a; longer time on account of tfre? heavy character of construction work at several points. Some heavy draw bridges have to be built, and it takes time to complete this work. , Mr. Miller said there is nothing; in the statement published of headquarters being in-Fort Worth for the Yoakum lines. Plans lor headquarters are not mature yet. He said that Mr. Yoakum will be in Texas this week. He will spend Christmas with is family. which is now in San Antonio. Quaint. Superitendent John Flynn of the Indian schools at Chamberlain. S. D.. has at is tongue's end many qaiint stories of Indian children. Rafael Gutierrez ...CARPENTER... WQlirork by the day, week month or by Contract. Orders may be left t John W. JHoyt a rifle is. i Anent fatigue he said one day: somewhat variable; depending on) "A little redstin, Black Eagle, the arsenal in a sort of "coutiau-1 the cartridge, the atmosphere and I accompanied me on a tramp- off ed story" manner. The first one the man behind the gun.- AH jrui (sixteen miles. had a special request to study up j shoot better in warm weather than j "The boy walked well for his the subject of gun stocks. The.in cold, owing to the effect of hVat'a-je, but thelast twoor three-miles second was interested in the barrel. on the explosive force of powder, i went hard with him. He gave Another was investigating the -. A temperature of more than 70 de- i pretty plain evidences of fatigue.'' magazine; and soon. By the time grees rapidly increases the initial! "Tired? said I. the continued story was concluded velocity of a discharged jbnllet. " No he answered; 'I am not the Japs had studied the whole, itfaile lower temperatures a$ rapidly ; tired, but I'd be glad if I could gun, "lock, stock and barrel." jd crease it. The f,. nation of lem ionlj take off my legs and cnrr One of tht results was that the i perature, th-refore, directlv affects :hem under my arms a while' -'