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The Brownsville nera!
" OFFICIAL COUNTY AND CITY JOURNa'l Jesse O. Wheeler. Proprietor. Consolidated in 1893 with the Dailr Cos mopolitan which was published in Brownsville, for sixteen years. Hstered at the Postoffice. Brownsville. Texa as second-class matter. Terms of Subscription: Dahv: Published every evening ex tent Sunday, daily by mail postpaid to .nv point in the United States, Mexico "Canada, or delivered by carrier to any part of Brownsville, Texas, or Watamoros, ?3exico: One c- T one yT f RS One copy six months WbEKI.y: Published Saturday, by ail postpaid to any point in the United States, or Mexico One popy one year -One opy six months ' j "One copy three months -Subscriptions invariably due and pay able in advance. 'Advertising rates on application. Slakes all checks payable to JESSE O. WHEELER. FRIDAY, MARCH 27, 190S. Announcement The HERAI.D is authorized to announce the candidacy of JOHN N. GARNER &rr reelection as representative of the 15th Congressional District for the ensuing term, subject to me taction of the democratic nominat ing convention. jPJROMPT MAIL DELIVERY QUESTION. In conjunction with the article published in The Herald several days ago, in regard to the change schedule on the main line it -would not be amiss to ask why is it that the mail, arriving on the branch line on the evening, from Sam Fordyce and all points between that place and Brownsville, is not -distributed the same evening it is areceived? 'his is indeed au important, 'stion for the citizens of Browns- leXo lok int0- 11 would surprise -giny outsider of the amount of im ,partant conjiunications which are constantly being received by the business men of this town from the towns along this road and con sequently we think it would be just and fair to ssk the postal clerks to jistribdte this mail the same even ing it arrives instead of holding it -sver until the mail from the main Sine is in, which is not distributed antil the next morning. With all due consideration to the Tgostal clerks here, we firmly be lieve that an injustice is being done to the best business interest of Brownsville by not having this mail distributed as soon as receiv ed at the office. As it is now, any isportant document, which re quires immediate attention, is de cayed a full twenty-four hours on account of not being received the same evening. In nearly every ther town throughout the country the postal clerks are required to distribute the mail when the trains arrive, provided it is not later than aght o'clock. Why this post office can not handle the mail, which ar CTves here at 5:45 p. m., is a ques :fem which the citizens of the town ould inquire into. GOOD SIDE WALKS. San Antonio Has Set the Pace Let us .follow in Building Sidewalks. 'San Antonio has embarked on a -campaign to get good streets and ssidewalks. A recent decision by he Fourth Court of Civil Appeals fcts compelled the city to pay five thousand dollars damages to a man who injured himself by stepping into a hole on a sidewalk. Mayor Callaghan has issued instructions 4o the Street Commission to begin xepairing all down town streets and plazas. He announces his purpose f putting all of the pavements in Srst class condition. The Business -Hen's Club, and the Woman's Club will join the Mayor in this wo;k cf civic improvement, and a E&inpcigu -for good streets and sidewalks will be inaugurated. San Antonio has two difficulties !k contend with in the making of -streets and sidewalks, the first is 4Ste size of the city, it covers INSECT! By F. H. CHITTEN1 Nature of A The melon aphis, o moiily known, the ' m injures plants by pie with its beak and sap" vitality.lt occurs from e to late in autumn o, and others cucurbits of a' and on many other crop and in seasons which favor crease, notably in summer follow inff SDrings that are cool and rainy it frequently develops in enormous numbers and does very serious damage, collecting in masses on the under surface of the leaves of plants and causing them to curl, shrivel, and lose color, andinterfer- ing with the ultimate development of the fruit. Oiten it kills plants outright, and destroys whole fields or greatly reduces the yield, of fruit. The melon aphis, like others of its kind, excretes honey dew.v but this is not so copious as inj-'the case of many species of aphides, for example, certain forms which affect treees. When, however, the aphis under discussion becomes unusually abundant, the honey dew covers the leaves of the affect ed plants with a thin, sticky coat ing on which the white cast skins of the aphides adhere, and this at tracts attention to injury, as does also the wilting and dying down of the plants. Some persons notice this honey dew, and are unaware of the presence of the insects. They speak of the injury as "honey dew," and have even applied this name to the insect itself. ' Quite too frequently, by the time the presence of the melon aphis in injurious numbers, is notic ed, irreparable damage has been accomplished and the insects have for the most part migrated to other pastures. Description. The melon aphis is a minute, soft-bodied creature, of variable color, usually of some shade of green or greenish black; in its young and wingless stages, louse like in appearance; and of slug gish habit thruout its existence. A brief description of the stages figured will suffice for the present purpose. The winged female which shows a form with pale abdomen . The body si more slender than in the wingless form the ' length being from 1. 2 1. 8mm, while the wings'expand from 4. 5 to 6mm. The male has not as yet been recognized, This is by far the most import ant and abundant aphis affecting melons and othor cucurbits, and is not likely to be confused with any other species occurring habitually on the same class of plants. It is, indeed, a very important pest, and, taken season after season, the worst aphis occurring in this country. Distribution. The origin of the melon aphis is doubtful, but is probably tropical, since this insect shows a decided preference for plants of a tropical nature, such as the cucurbits, cot ton, and orange. Southward the aphis occurs in the West Indies, in thirty-six square miles in extent, by reason of having such large lawns about the houses. This is an area equal to that of the city of Boston with eight times the popu lation. The second difficulty is the Homestead Law of Texas, which makes it impossible to enforce a lien against homesteads for city improvement. Nevertheless despite these difficulties San Antonio in tends to be the best paved city in the Southwest, and has set out to accomplish this by appealing to the patriotism and civic pride rather than the Big Stick of the Law. What San Antonio can do with her immense area of sidewalks Browsville could surely accomplish the same- Why not pull together now and demand better side walks. By this means we will save the city a possible law-suit and would also be better able to apply for free mail delivery, which we can never obtain while the sidewalks remain in thetr present condition. MELONS Bing Experiments zil, and doubt- re in South America. generally distributed United States, but does t-r in tlit crmfrtiivesr tlinn J " . - heret. In Texas, Kansas, and raska it is particularly trouble some to melons, and in the last two States, to cucumbers, which are thetg extensively grown for pickling. But it may at any time create inore or less truble in north ern regions, particularly in Vir giuia,' Maryland, Delaware, and New Jersey, where cucurbits are muqh cultivated Occasionally it is injurious as far north as Min nesota and west to California. It has (been collected also in Adelaide, South Australia. INSTANCES of injury The melon aphis first attracted notice thru its injuries to cotton in 1354, and from that time on it has doiie more or less damage year by year, and, in view of its rapacity, rapid multiplication, and omnivo rous habits, will no doubt continue injurious in spite of all that can be done to repress it. As a melon and cucumber pest it was noticed in Florida and southern Illinois in 1880, and in the next three years caused considerable losses in those States and in Georgia. Soon after wards it became recognized as a strawberry pest. In later years many other food plants were ad ded to its known dietary. The years 1902, 1903, and 1898 were unusually bad "aphis years." In 1893 information was receiv ed from a pickle company of Omaha, Nebr., of severe injury in that State. This company was growing between 30,000 and 50, 000 bushels of cucumbers a year, and several hundred neighboring farmers grow this vegetable for the company. Two-thirds of the crop grown in 1892 was destroyed by the aphis, and in 1893 half of the crop was loss. These injuries made it difficult to induce outside planters to grow for the company. In 1898 this species was extreme ly troublesome. In order that a good idea of its destructiveness may be had, some reports are cited. In January, injury was reported on cucumbers in Florida and in May to strawberries in Delaware, where the insects were described as "tak ing everything clean." By June this insect had been very injurious to watermelon in southern Texas, when it destroyed many acres of early vines. In July Texas cor respondents reported the destruc tion of 1,000 acres of cantaloupes in one locality, and the outbreak assumed such proportions as ' to cause much newspaper comment. One company reported that the ravages of this pest had cost them $20,000, and that agriculturists of that section had sustained irre trievable loss. In November a Pennsylvania correspondent report ed losses to cucumbers grown un der glass, and (in December this aphis resumed its ravages to cu cumbers in Florida. TO BE CONTINUED. CATTLE STATISTICS. Cattle Industry in Texas Averagres $59,138,381- San Antonio, Texas, March 27, 1908. In the report of the Comp troller of Public Accounts, receiv ed from the printer this morning, there is contained statistical in formation concerning the cattle industry which is of particular in terest at present. During the fiscal year ending Aug. 31st, 1907, there were rendered on the assessment rolls of the various counties of the State 6,504,056 cattle, their value being $59,138,381, average value $9.09, in contrast to 6,015,859 as the number of cattle, $54,363 their value and $9,14 their average value for 1906. An increase over last year's report is shown in num ber 488,197, and in value of $4, 140,018, This hardly indicates that the cattle industry is on the wane in Texas. THE FAIR Branch House of "El Globo" Hosiery , Underwear, Umbrellas, Handkerchiefs, Laces, Embroideries, Ribbons, Lace Curtains. A. Garza & Bro., Proprietors A Nice Line of MOULDING has just been received by the Brownsville Undertaking Company Call and See for Yourself FRED N. C0WEN ELECTRICAL CONTRACTOR ....AND CONSTRUCTOR.... Electrical Fixtures Electrical Fans PLUMBING HOUSE WIRING A SPECIALTY P. O. BOX 84. Wholesale Groceries Cheap for Cash Frank Alcedo Celaya Building. EI Paraisoj E2SJS JOHN DARR0UZET Prop. American, French and Mexican dishes. Lodging: furnished Cheap, btreet cars pass door. Next door to opera house. MATAMOROS. MEXICO. MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS T0NKD AND REPAIRED Piano Action Work a Specialty. Keeps on hand piano Strings and felts. GEORGE KRAUSSE. Residence on Levee St. Raspberry Jam is only one of the many kinds of BEECH-NUTS CONSERVES that we sell.' The list includes all of the best fruits (and Peanut' butter). Each is made from selected fruit and granulat ed sugar nothing else no preservative needed when packed in the famous Beech-Nut vacuum glass jars. The Beech-Nut method of making, retains the delicious flavor of the fruit, and makes them superior in many ways to the imported article. We recommend them to you. BROWNSVILLE GROCERY CO. Staple and Fancy Groceries W. n.C!r. Pres. E. McDiritt Vte-P. ICH-McDiyHI Mzr P. W. EIBBB Attorney-At-Law NOTARY PUBLIC , Putegnat Bids. BROWNSVILLE. TEXAS Removal Notice! We have recently moved to 12th btreeti opposite Precio Fijo. Singer Sewing Machine Company Brownsville, Texas. A. GOLDAMMER CONTRACTOR AND BUILDER Pans and Specifications Fur ' nisbed on Short Notice THE FIB ST NA: OF BROWNfiVIt I r Trrr0 Capital, $100,000 Surplus With ample resources, a strong Board of Directors, and complete fecilities for handling all kinds of banking business, cordially invites the accounts of corporations, firms and individuals, and extends io customers every accommodation consistent with sound and safe banking. OFFICERS: Jas. A. Browne, Pres. S. L. Dworman, 1st Vice Pres. W. M. RntcHffe, 2d Vice Pres. A. Ashheiro, Cashier PROMPTNESS cAND THE MERCHANTS' OF BROWNSVILLE, TEXAS Capital Stock, $100,000.00 U. S. GOVERNMENT DEPOSITORY OFFICERS E. H. GOODRICH, President JOHN McALLEN, Vice President J. G. FERNANDEZ, Cashier E. A. McGARY, M. WHOLESALE DEALERS IN Dry Goods, Boots 3b Shoes Winchester Arms Ammunition Wholesale and Retail Dealers in Lumber, Shingles, Doors, Sash, nlT i i n ' i ti Diuius.ana ouuaers noraware ' RROWNKVIIIP TPY MATAMftDrtC MffV I Ihe Texas PRODUCER, REFINER AND DISTRIBUTOR OF Texas Petroleum and its Products CRUDE OIL PRIME WHITE OIL SOLAR OJX REDUCED FUEL OIL WATER WHITE OIL TEXACO" HARD ASPHALTS LubricatingCiIsof High Viscosity and Low Cold Test. YeIK texas LouisIKowalski, Agt., Brownsville, Texahj Champion & Line, Have lands from Brownsville PRICES Also have some fine tracts in Gulf Coast Engineering & Contracting Co. Mercedes, Hidalgo County, Texas Canal and Drainage Work, Topographical Surveying and Mapping, Farm and Townsite Subdivision. CorrespondenceJlnvit.ed. The Metropolitan Only Up-to-Date Short Order Restaurant In the City. Regular Meals 25c SPECIALTY IN LUNCHES FOR TRAVELERS Famished Roems50c aad 75c. J.'A.lCLOETTA.'.Proprletor. Next to Crlxell Saloon. Browasrille Texas Dr. E. R, im Physician and Surgeon OFFICE OVER PUTEGNATS DRUG STORE Residence Adams Street, Between 10th and 11th Streets M. E. BIRD WELL DRILLER Windmills, Pumps and Tanks Mercedes, Texas TAL BANK and UndIvidedlroffis, $42,000 DIRECTORS: A. Ashheim C. P. Barreda S. L. Dworman Robert Dalzell James B. Wells Wm. Kelly M. Alonso John Closner James A. Browne W. M. Ratclifie W. F. Snrague E. C. Forto M. H. Cross A. Cueto. LIBERALITY NATIONAL BANK 4 t oha MeAllen, Jote Celaya, I. T. Ptym Miguel Fernandez, Jr. E. H. Goodrich, O. C Sander. I. Q. Fcrsasdex Assistant-Cashier. H. CROSS, MlmJJ Company Dealers in Real Estate to Houston in any size trstcts. VERY LOW Mexico from 75c per acre np. John Thielen, Manager Bread, Biscuit, Cakes, Etc., Made From Choicest Brands of Flour Elhabeth Slreet, Brownsville, Tex F. W. Seabiiry ATTQPNEY-AT-LAW Rio Grande City. Texas WU pi aedee in the District Conrts of Starr, Hidalg. Zapat? and Webb Counties. E. B. GORE Engineering Co. Civil andrConstructing Engineers and Architects MEM. S. W. ENG. & ARCH. CLUB Surveys, Maps, Profiles, Plans and Estimates, Irri gation Canals, and Drain age Work. Drafting and Blueprinting. Office io Merchants NationaljBank BIdg D. B. CHAPIN ATTORNEY-AT LAW HIDALGO, TEXAS 11