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The Brownsville daily herald. [volume] (Brownsville, Tex.) 1897-1910, March 27, 1908, Image 2

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86099906/1908-03-27/ed-1/seq-2/

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The Brownsville nera!
" OFFICIAL COUNTY AND CITY JOURNa'l
Jesse O. Wheeler. Proprietor.
Consolidated in 1893 with the Dailr Cos
mopolitan which was published in
Brownsville, for sixteen years.
Hstered at the Postoffice. Brownsville. Texa
as second-class matter.
Terms of Subscription:
Dahv: Published every evening ex
tent Sunday, daily by mail postpaid to
.nv point in the United States, Mexico
"Canada, or delivered by carrier to any
part of Brownsville, Texas, or Watamoros,
?3exico:
One c- T one yT f RS
One copy six months
WbEKI.y: Published Saturday, by
ail postpaid to any point in the United
States, or Mexico
One popy one year
-One opy six months ' j
"One copy three months
-Subscriptions invariably due and pay
able in advance.
'Advertising rates on application.
Slakes all checks payable to
JESSE O. WHEELER.
FRIDAY, MARCH 27, 190S.
Announcement
The HERAI.D is authorized to
announce the candidacy of
JOHN N. GARNER
&rr reelection as representative of
the 15th Congressional District for
the ensuing term, subject to me
taction of the democratic nominat
ing convention.
jPJROMPT MAIL DELIVERY
QUESTION.
In conjunction with the article
published in The Herald several
days ago, in regard to the change
schedule on the main line it
-would not be amiss to ask why is
it that the mail, arriving on the
branch line on the evening, from
Sam Fordyce and all points between
that place and Brownsville, is not
-distributed the same evening it is
areceived?
'his is indeed au important,
'stion for the citizens of Browns-
leXo lok int0- 11 would surprise
-giny outsider of the amount of im
,partant conjiunications which are
constantly being received by the
business men of this town from the
towns along this road and con
sequently we think it would be just
and fair to ssk the postal clerks to
jistribdte this mail the same even
ing it arrives instead of holding it
-sver until the mail from the main
Sine is in, which is not distributed
antil the next morning.
With all due consideration to the
Tgostal clerks here, we firmly be
lieve that an injustice is being done
to the best business interest of
Brownsville by not having this
mail distributed as soon as receiv
ed at the office. As it is now, any
isportant document, which re
quires immediate attention, is de
cayed a full twenty-four hours on
account of not being received the
same evening. In nearly every
ther town throughout the country
the postal clerks are required to
distribute the mail when the trains
arrive, provided it is not later than
aght o'clock. Why this post office
can not handle the mail, which ar
CTves here at 5:45 p. m., is a ques
:fem which the citizens of the town
ould inquire into.
GOOD SIDE WALKS.
San Antonio Has Set the Pace Let us
.follow in Building Sidewalks.
'San Antonio has embarked on a
-campaign to get good streets and
ssidewalks. A recent decision by
he Fourth Court of Civil Appeals
fcts compelled the city to pay five
thousand dollars damages to a man
who injured himself by stepping
into a hole on a sidewalk. Mayor
Callaghan has issued instructions
4o the Street Commission to begin
xepairing all down town streets and
plazas. He announces his purpose
f putting all of the pavements in
Srst class condition. The Business
-Hen's Club, and the Woman's
Club will join the Mayor in this
wo;k cf civic improvement, and a
E&inpcigu -for good streets and
sidewalks will be inaugurated.
San Antonio has two difficulties
!k contend with in the making of
-streets and sidewalks, the first is
4Ste size of the city, it covers
INSECT!
By F. H. CHITTEN1
Nature of A
The melon aphis, o
moiily known, the ' m
injures plants by pie
with its beak and sap"
vitality.lt occurs from e
to late in autumn o,
and others cucurbits of a'
and on many other crop
and in seasons which favor
crease, notably in summer follow
inff SDrings that are cool and rainy
it frequently develops in enormous
numbers and does very serious
damage, collecting in masses on
the under surface of the leaves of
plants and causing them to curl,
shrivel, and lose color, andinterfer-
ing with the ultimate development
of the fruit. Oiten it kills plants
outright, and destroys whole fields
or greatly reduces the yield, of fruit.
The melon aphis, like others of
its kind, excretes honey dew.v
but this is not so copious as inj-'the
case of many species of aphides,
for example, certain forms which
affect treees. When, however, the
aphis under discussion becomes
unusually abundant, the honey
dew covers the leaves of the affect
ed plants with a thin, sticky coat
ing on which the white cast skins
of the aphides adhere, and this at
tracts attention to injury, as does
also the wilting and dying down of
the plants. Some persons notice
this honey dew, and are unaware
of the presence of the insects. They
speak of the injury as "honey
dew," and have even applied this
name to the insect itself. '
Quite too frequently, by the
time the presence of the melon
aphis in injurious numbers, is notic
ed, irreparable damage has been
accomplished and the insects have
for the most part migrated to other
pastures.
Description.
The melon aphis is a minute,
soft-bodied creature, of variable
color, usually of some shade of
green or greenish black; in its
young and wingless stages, louse
like in appearance; and of slug
gish habit thruout its existence.
A brief description of the stages
figured will suffice for the present
purpose.
The winged female which shows a
form with pale abdomen . The body
si more slender than in the wingless
form the ' length being from 1.
2 1. 8mm, while the wings'expand
from 4. 5 to 6mm. The male has
not as yet been recognized,
This is by far the most import
ant and abundant aphis affecting
melons and othor cucurbits, and is
not likely to be confused with any
other species occurring habitually
on the same class of plants. It is,
indeed, a very important pest, and,
taken season after season, the worst
aphis occurring in this country.
Distribution.
The origin of the melon aphis is
doubtful, but is probably tropical,
since this insect shows a decided
preference for plants of a tropical
nature, such as the cucurbits, cot
ton, and orange. Southward the
aphis occurs in the West Indies, in
thirty-six square miles in extent,
by reason of having such large
lawns about the houses. This is
an area equal to that of the city of
Boston with eight times the popu
lation. The second difficulty is the
Homestead Law of Texas, which
makes it impossible to enforce a
lien against homesteads for city
improvement. Nevertheless despite
these difficulties San Antonio in
tends to be the best paved city in
the Southwest, and has set out to
accomplish this by appealing to
the patriotism and civic pride
rather than the Big Stick of the
Law.
What San Antonio can do with
her immense area of sidewalks
Browsville could surely accomplish
the same- Why not pull together
now and demand better side
walks. By this means we will
save the city a possible law-suit
and would also be better able to
apply for free mail delivery, which
we can never obtain while the
sidewalks remain in thetr present
condition.
MELONS
Bing Experiments
zil, and doubt-
re in South America.
generally distributed
United States, but does
t-r in tlit crmfrtiivesr tlinn
J " . -
heret. In Texas, Kansas, and
raska it is particularly trouble
some to melons, and in the last
two States, to cucumbers, which
are thetg extensively grown for
pickling. But it may at any time
create inore or less truble in north
ern regions, particularly in Vir
giuia,' Maryland, Delaware, and
New Jersey, where cucurbits are
muqh cultivated Occasionally it
is injurious as far north as Min
nesota and west to California. It
has (been collected also in Adelaide,
South Australia.
INSTANCES of injury
The melon aphis first attracted
notice thru its injuries to cotton in
1354, and from that time on it has
doiie more or less damage year by
year, and, in view of its rapacity,
rapid multiplication, and omnivo
rous habits, will no doubt continue
injurious in spite of all that can be
done to repress it. As a melon
and cucumber pest it was noticed
in Florida and southern Illinois in
1880, and in the next three years
caused considerable losses in those
States and in Georgia. Soon after
wards it became recognized as a
strawberry pest. In later years
many other food plants were ad
ded to its known dietary. The
years 1902, 1903, and 1898 were
unusually bad "aphis years."
In 1893 information was receiv
ed from a pickle company of
Omaha, Nebr., of severe injury in
that State. This company was
growing between 30,000 and 50,
000 bushels of cucumbers a year,
and several hundred neighboring
farmers grow this vegetable for the
company. Two-thirds of the crop
grown in 1892 was destroyed by
the aphis, and in 1893 half of the
crop was loss. These injuries
made it difficult to induce outside
planters to grow for the company.
In 1898 this species was extreme
ly troublesome. In order that a
good idea of its destructiveness
may be had, some reports are cited.
In January, injury was reported on
cucumbers in Florida and in May
to strawberries in Delaware, where
the insects were described as "tak
ing everything clean." By June
this insect had been very injurious
to watermelon in southern Texas,
when it destroyed many acres of
early vines. In July Texas cor
respondents reported the destruc
tion of 1,000 acres of cantaloupes
in one locality, and the outbreak
assumed such proportions as ' to
cause much newspaper comment.
One company reported that the
ravages of this pest had cost them
$20,000, and that agriculturists of
that section had sustained irre
trievable loss. In November a
Pennsylvania correspondent report
ed losses to cucumbers grown un
der glass, and (in December this
aphis resumed its ravages to cu
cumbers in Florida.
TO BE CONTINUED.
CATTLE STATISTICS.
Cattle Industry in Texas Averagres
$59,138,381-
San Antonio, Texas, March 27,
1908. In the report of the Comp
troller of Public Accounts, receiv
ed from the printer this morning,
there is contained statistical in
formation concerning the cattle
industry which is of particular in
terest at present. During the fiscal
year ending Aug. 31st, 1907, there
were rendered on the assessment
rolls of the various counties of the
State 6,504,056 cattle, their value
being $59,138,381, average value
$9.09, in contrast to 6,015,859 as
the number of cattle, $54,363 their
value and $9,14 their average
value for 1906. An increase over
last year's report is shown in num
ber 488,197, and in value of $4,
140,018, This hardly indicates
that the cattle industry is on the
wane in Texas.
THE FAIR
Branch House of "El Globo"
Hosiery , Underwear, Umbrellas,
Handkerchiefs, Laces,
Embroideries, Ribbons,
Lace Curtains.
A. Garza & Bro.,
Proprietors
A Nice Line of
MOULDING
has just been received by the
Brownsville
Undertaking Company
Call and See for Yourself
FRED N. C0WEN
ELECTRICAL CONTRACTOR
....AND CONSTRUCTOR....
Electrical Fixtures
Electrical Fans
PLUMBING
HOUSE WIRING A SPECIALTY
P. O. BOX 84.
Wholesale
Groceries
Cheap for Cash
Frank Alcedo
Celaya Building.
EI Paraisoj E2SJS
JOHN DARR0UZET Prop.
American, French and Mexican dishes.
Lodging: furnished Cheap, btreet cars
pass door. Next door to opera house.
MATAMOROS. MEXICO.
MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS
T0NKD AND REPAIRED
Piano Action Work a Specialty.
Keeps on hand piano
Strings and felts.
GEORGE KRAUSSE.
Residence on Levee St.
Raspberry Jam is only one of the
many kinds of
BEECH-NUTS CONSERVES
that we sell.' The list includes all of the
best fruits (and Peanut' butter). Each
is made from selected fruit and granulat
ed sugar nothing else no preservative
needed when packed in the famous
Beech-Nut vacuum glass jars. The
Beech-Nut method of making, retains
the delicious flavor of the fruit, and
makes them superior in many ways to
the imported article. We recommend
them to you.
BROWNSVILLE GROCERY CO.
Staple and Fancy Groceries
W. n.C!r. Pres. E. McDiritt Vte-P. ICH-McDiyHI Mzr
P. W. EIBBB
Attorney-At-Law
NOTARY PUBLIC ,
Putegnat Bids. BROWNSVILLE. TEXAS
Removal Notice!
We have recently moved to 12th
btreeti opposite Precio Fijo.
Singer Sewing
Machine Company
Brownsville, Texas.
A. GOLDAMMER
CONTRACTOR AND
BUILDER
Pans and Specifications Fur
' nisbed on Short Notice
THE FIB ST NA:
OF BROWNfiVIt I r Trrr0
Capital, $100,000 Surplus
With ample resources, a strong Board of Directors, and complete
fecilities for handling all kinds of banking business, cordially invites the
accounts of corporations, firms and individuals, and extends io customers
every accommodation consistent with sound and safe banking.
OFFICERS:
Jas. A. Browne, Pres.
S. L. Dworman, 1st Vice Pres.
W. M. RntcHffe, 2d Vice Pres.
A. Ashheiro, Cashier
PROMPTNESS cAND
THE MERCHANTS'
OF BROWNSVILLE, TEXAS
Capital Stock, $100,000.00
U. S. GOVERNMENT DEPOSITORY
OFFICERS
E. H. GOODRICH, President
JOHN McALLEN, Vice President
J. G. FERNANDEZ, Cashier
E. A. McGARY,
M.
WHOLESALE DEALERS IN
Dry Goods, Boots 3b Shoes
Winchester Arms Ammunition
Wholesale and Retail Dealers in
Lumber, Shingles, Doors, Sash,
nlT i i n ' i ti
Diuius.ana ouuaers noraware '
RROWNKVIIIP TPY MATAMftDrtC MffV
I
Ihe Texas
PRODUCER, REFINER AND DISTRIBUTOR OF
Texas Petroleum and its Products
CRUDE OIL PRIME WHITE OIL SOLAR OJX
REDUCED FUEL OIL WATER WHITE OIL
TEXACO" HARD ASPHALTS
LubricatingCiIsof High Viscosity and Low Cold Test.
YeIK texas LouisIKowalski, Agt., Brownsville, Texahj
Champion & Line,
Have lands from Brownsville
PRICES
Also have some fine tracts in
Gulf Coast Engineering & Contracting Co.
Mercedes, Hidalgo County, Texas
Canal and Drainage Work, Topographical Surveying and
Mapping, Farm and Townsite Subdivision.
CorrespondenceJlnvit.ed.
The Metropolitan
Only Up-to-Date
Short Order Restaurant
In the City.
Regular Meals 25c
SPECIALTY IN LUNCHES FOR TRAVELERS
Famished Roems50c aad 75c.
J.'A.lCLOETTA.'.Proprletor.
Next to Crlxell Saloon. Browasrille Texas
Dr. E. R, im
Physician and Surgeon
OFFICE OVER PUTEGNATS DRUG STORE
Residence Adams Street,
Between 10th and 11th Streets
M. E. BIRD
WELL DRILLER
Windmills, Pumps
and Tanks
Mercedes, Texas
TAL BANK
and UndIvidedlroffis, $42,000
DIRECTORS:
A. Ashheim
C. P. Barreda
S. L. Dworman
Robert Dalzell
James B. Wells
Wm. Kelly
M. Alonso
John Closner
James A. Browne
W. M. Ratclifie
W. F. Snrague
E. C. Forto
M. H. Cross
A. Cueto.
LIBERALITY
NATIONAL BANK
4
t oha MeAllen, Jote Celaya, I. T. Ptym
Miguel Fernandez, Jr.
E. H. Goodrich, O. C Sander. I. Q. Fcrsasdex
Assistant-Cashier.
H. CROSS,
MlmJJ
Company
Dealers in Real Estate
to Houston in any size trstcts.
VERY LOW
Mexico from 75c per acre np.
John Thielen, Manager
Bread, Biscuit, Cakes, Etc., Made
From Choicest Brands of Flour
Elhabeth Slreet, Brownsville, Tex
F. W. Seabiiry
ATTQPNEY-AT-LAW
Rio Grande City. Texas
WU pi aedee in the District Conrts of
Starr, Hidalg. Zapat? and
Webb Counties.
E. B. GORE
Engineering Co.
Civil andrConstructing
Engineers and Architects
MEM. S. W. ENG. & ARCH. CLUB
Surveys, Maps, Profiles,
Plans and Estimates, Irri
gation Canals, and Drain
age Work. Drafting and
Blueprinting.
Office io Merchants NationaljBank BIdg
D. B. CHAPIN
ATTORNEY-AT LAW
HIDALGO, TEXAS
11

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