Newspaper Page Text
XBB BROWNSVILLE DAILY HERALD
SATURDAY MARCH 27, 190 r: Hotel Majestic Jlrs. E. J. Harkness, Proprietress. Open Day and Night All the Year Home For Commercial Men and Tourists European Plan. Rates 50c Per Day and Up. Free Sample Rooms and Bath Everything Modern and New. L. Adams Street, Between lllh and 8 Stop tti6o(. Rio Grande Hote D. F. FIELDER, Proprietor RATES: $1.50 PER DAY Special Rates by the I I FR IS NOW & Rates $2 00 nnrl 3? Fvprvthino New M San Carlos GEO. S. BEARD,- Manager Two Blocks North of Depot. American Plan Rate $2.00 per day. Special by Week or "'.onth Commercial and Tourist Trade Solicited Strictly New. All Outside Rooms with Modern Conveniences Free Sample Room. Hot and Cold Water Baths Gulf Coast Apartments MJtS. A. ALLMAN, PROPRIETRESS ecial Attention Given to Homeseekers Strictly First-Class Accommodations Ofle Block From Miller Hotel. Phone 1 60 BROWNSVILLE, TEXAS J.S.&M.H.CROS! LUMBER. COMPANY Wholesale and Retail Dealers in LUMBER SKir4o'iesi. "Hoots and Blirtrls I. Builders Hardware Buyers of Hides, Wools, Skins and Produce. Brownsville, Texas WISE & NEWMAN Staple and Fancy GROCERIES I TRY US; WELL TREAT YOU RIGHT PHONE Brownsville Grain Company Incorporated SPECIAL: Field and Garden Seeds Large and Small Lots We Solicit Your Patronage 12th Sis., Brownsville, Texas rrJ&C&r&jr&J 8 Week or Month i WAT OPEN $2 .50 Per Dav i and I lntnnflfp No. 65 S.I Xi Hotel .Buy and Sell All Kinds oi Hay, Grain and Feedstuffs. Wholesale and Retail i1 i H TO REOLAiM B1Q IOWA MARSH. Engineers Proposa.Dralnage of 20,000 Acres of Choice. Land. Surest City, la. One ot the greatest drainage projects yet proposed for this pectlon of the state will be brought be-' foro the next meeting of the Hancock board of supervisors by Drainage En gineer E. W. Burgitt of Britt The area which it is proposed to re claim Is what is known as the Hayfleld marshes, comprising something like 20,000 acres of lowlands, most of it under water the year round, with a few sections here and there that yield a small annual profit to the owners from the hay cutting. This vast area, extending from Lake Edward south east to Hawley and southwest beyond these two points to the vicinity of Britt, will be drained and made fit for cultivation if the plans of the pro moters and land owners are accepted by the board. In company with an engineer from the government reclamation bureau at "Washington, Mr. Burgitt has made a careful investigation of the engineer ing difficulties which are likely to bo encountered and has also compiled an estimate of the cost of the work, which will be about $230,000, includ ing the main ditch and laterals. In order to give some idea of the magnitude of the work proposed, it is stated by Mr. Burgitt that the main ditch, as comprised within the survey, will extend a distance of 33 miles, and entering this .main channel or drain will be 22 miles of lateral trenches. A large number of tracts within the proposed ditches are owned by local capitalists, who are naturally interest ed in Mr. Burgitt's report, inasmuch as its adoption and the establishment Of the ditch described would greatly increase the value of their holdings. In his report Mr. Burgitt will recom mend that the main ditch be started at 6 point adjacent to the. old lake bed just southwest of Lake Edward. Com plete plans are unobtainable at pres ent, but it is probable that the drain Will follow a course directly southeast from this point TAFT IS NOT A TIPPER. Shaves Himself and Would Like to Cut His Own Hair, He Says. Washington. Secretary Taft be longs to the Anti-Tipping league, or at least acts as if he did. The other morning he dropped into the barber shop of Willard's hotel to get his regu lar monthly hair-cut, which he needed badly. After the barber finished the job he asked the big candidate if he wanted a shave. "No; I do my own shaving every morning," replied the secretary. "I wish I could cut my own Hair and then I would not have to bother going to a barber shop." When 'the war secretary had been brushed down by the colored attend ant he fished out 35 cents, the price of the hair-cut, and walked out. The barber was asked if Mr. Taft was lib eral with his tips. "Tips nothing," he replied, gloom ily. "He has been having his hair trimmed here for three years, but never did he give a tip." During the time Mr. Taft was hav ing his hair trimmed he was congratu lated by a score or more people who recognized him. He finally appealed to them to permit the barber to finish the job, after which he shook bands with a number of waiting friends. DOG MAN'S BEST FRIEND? NO! Worst of Domestic Animals, Declares Kansas Agriculturist. Topeka, Kan. The dog, till now credited with being man's best friend, has been pilloried as the embodiment of all that Is evif in a string of adjec tives complied by F. D. Coburn, secre tary of the state board of agriculture. This denunciation was called forth by a farmer in Norton county writing to Mr. Coburn for advice on sheep rais ing. Read an extract from Mr. Co burn's reply: "Norton county in 1905 had 1,709 dogs and 152 sheep, Increasing the dogs' lead 85 the following year des pite the fact that no other county would prove more profitable for sheep raising. The dog is a worthless, sy cophantic, lawn-defiling, flea-breeding, fly-snapping, porch-loafer by day, equaled by no other domestic animal in unspeakable habits of nastiness and a sneaking, murderous coward, prowl ing all the country-side by night, har monizing with the harmless, benefi cent sheep only after the sheep is in side his stomach, its wool in his teeth and his jaws dripping with its blood." And now the Norton county farmer has doubtless learned how to raise sheep and sees the foolishiness of raising dogs. Finds Coin Within a Coin. London. A remarkable find has been made at Sandwich by a local tradesman. The shopman took over his counter, among other coppers, a penny piece dated 1903. Shortly after ward he had occasion to part with it, and on tendering the coin it was thought by its ring to be counterfeit The owner, on breaking it up, discov ered to his astonishment that it con tained a sixpence of the same date. The silver coin Is in excellent condi tion. Finds Honey Mine in Attic Lawrenceburg, Ind. Jacob Shaefer noticed bees entering the attic at his home and, making an investigation, found that they had established a hive there. A slab of honey eight feet long, J8. Inches wide and four inches thick and weighing 102 pounds was taken from the rafter. To The Herald: Washington, D. C, March 26. Piles driven by the hut dwellers of the Baltic ceuturies ago are as sound today as when first placed. The wooden coffins in which the Egyptians buried their dead are still preserved in perfect condition after thousands of years of service. The longevity of timber under these two extremes of climate and moistures conditions has naturally made, people nsk, want causes wood to decay? The answer is, fungi and bacteria, low forms of plant life which live in the wood and draw their nourishment from it. The little or ganisms are so little that a micro scope is required to see them, yet their work results in the destruction of billions of feet of timber each year and the railroad corporation with its cross tie bill running np into seven figures and the farmer who spends a hundred or so dollars a year for fence posts are alike drawing upon the knowledge of experts in all parts of the world in efforts to learn the most economical and most satisfac tory method of preserving wood against the inroads of decay. In studying the means of preventing de cay wood-preserving experts have learned many things about the ob noxious fungi which sap the life of timber. The small organisms can grow ei ther in light or in total darkness; but all of them require requisite amounts of air, food,, moisture and heat. If one or more of these essential re quirements is lacking, they can not live, and the decay of timber will not take place. Wood constantly sub merged in water never rots, simply because there is an insufficient sup ply of air. This condition' accounts for the soundness of the old Baltic piles. On the other hand, if wood can be kept air-dry it will not decay because there will then be too little moisture. The timber used by the Egyptians will last indefinitely so long as it is bone-dry. There are a great many cases, how ever, where it is impossible to keep wood submerged in water, or in an absolutely air-dry condition. In fpet, a large percentage of the timber which is used is exposed to the weath er, and is subjected to decay simply because it contains enough air and enough water for the decomposing or ganisms to get a foothold. Decay is most serious where the atmosphere is warm and damp, because these condi tions are most favorable for its development- In the coal mines of Penn sylvania timber decays in two or three years because the temperature warm, humid and constant and the air is damp. And in the South, The warm atmosphere often causes the timber- to rapidly decompose. Decay may be prevented by two general methods, by treating the wood with antiseptics thus poisoning the food supply of the organisms which ..cause decay and by treating it with oils which render it water proof. A combination of these two methods Is most commonly used, as when wood is treated with creosote which fills up the pores in the timber and keeps out water ana is also a powerful antiseptic. The United States government con siders the investigation of the pre servative treatment of timber of such importance that the business of one branch of a bureau in the department of agriculture the "Office of Wood Preservation" in the Forest Service at Washington, is given over entirely to the work of experiments in co-operation with railroad companies and in dividuals in prolonging the life of railroad tiesmine props, bridge tim bers, fence posts and transmission poles. Advice and practical assis tance is furnished all who request this advice of the forester. The lengthening of life of timber means the saving of thousands of dollars annually through doing away with the heavy expense of labor and cost of material for .renewals. A Creed for the Discouraged. I believe that God created me to be happy, to enjoy the blessings of life, to be useful to my fellow beings, and an honor to my country. I believe that the trials which be sit mc today are but the fiery tests by which my character is strength ened, ennobled and made worthy to enjoy the higher things of-life which I believe are in store for me. I believe that my soul is too grand co be crushed by defeat; I will rise above .it, I believe that 1 am the architect of my own fate; therefore, I will be master of circumstances and surroundings, not their slave. I Will not yield to discourage ments; I will trample them under foot and make them serve as step ping stones to success. I will con quer my obstacles and turn them into opportunities. - My, failures of today will help to guide me on to victory on the mor row. The morrow will bring new strength, new hopes, ne- opportun ities and new beginnings. I will be ready to meet it with a brave heart a calm mind and an undaunted spirit. In all tilings 1 will do my best, an1 leave the rest to the Infinite. I will not waste my mental ener gies by usless. worry." I will learn to Jominate my restless thoughts and I ;ok on the bright side of things. I will face the world bravely; I will not be a coward. I will assert my God-given birthright and be- a man. For I am immortal and nothing can overcome me. Virginia Opal Myers, in New Idea Woman's Maga zine. . y- Because of the highrate of infant mortality; Calcutta has appointed a woman as sanitary inspector. The following, is the-shortest sen tence containing all the letters of the alphabet: '"Pack my box with five :lozen;liquor jugs . ' . GENERAL RULES FOR DISINFECTION INTEREST IX DR. PECK'S WORK IS GROWING. Good Crowds Hear His Lectures Many Ask Questions Importance of Disinfection Urged and Instruc tions By State Health Board Given, That public interest in the tuber culosis exhibit and the lectures by Dr. Peck is increasing Is evidenced by the large crowds that were out at the city hall yesterday afternoon and last night to hear the doctor. The hall was crowded last night by an atten tive audience. It was an inquisitive one as well. The doctor was plied, with questions in regard- to proper modes of caring for a consumptive and of preventing the disease. In the afternoon, too, the school chil dren took -a deep interest. The hall was packed to the doors and the little folks were almost as inquisitive as their seniors. Dr. Peck's lecture last night was along the same lines as on the pre ceding night. It embraced a descrip tion of the disease, its extent, its or igin and told how the germs are spread, its cure and prevention. The doctor laid special emphasis on the necessity for disinfection. He said every room in a house should be dis infected at least four times a year. The folowing pointers on disinfec tion as laid down by the state board of health, were given by Dr. Peck: Rules for Disinfecting. Thorough disinfection of the room with papered walls, carpeted floors, upholstered furniture or containing bedding or clothing can only be ac complished by fumigation. Formaldehyde has been recognized j for several years as the most efficient agent for disinfecting closed rooms. Numerous methods of generating the gas have been proposed, but the following has been approved by the State Health Department as being the most efficient with the smallest amount of skill and expensive ap paratus. The room must be closed and all cracks and crevices thoroughly sealed, by thoroughly wetting strips of newspaper two inches wide and pasting over them. Bedding and clothing sho'uld be spread over chairs to permit the ready penetration of the gas. As the formaldehyde - gas is promptly liberated by virtue of being very volotile, it is essential that all preparations be made in advance. The room being closed and open-' ings sealed with the exception of one exit, place In the center of the room an ordinary galvanized iron milk or water bucket. This should be placed on an oil cloth, mat or sheet of heavy paper to. avoid the possible overflow of liquid damaging the carpet or floor. The permanganate (six and three quarter ounces for each one thous and cubic feet of room space) should be placed in the bottom of the bucket and the formaldehyde 40 per cent so lution (one pint for each one thous and cubic feet of room space) should then be poured upon it. The permanganate must go in first Within a few seconds to one min ute, depending upon the size of the crystals and the temperature of the room, a vigorous reaction takes place producing sufficient heat to liberate a large volume of fhe formaldehyde gas and water vapor. This boiling continues from four to six minutes, and gradually recedes until nothing remains except the nearly dry residue. ' It is essential that all preparations be made in advance, and that tht op erator leave the room at once on the combination of the two chemicals.The door or window of exit should be closed at once, sealed and left closed six hours. Formaldehyde disinfection must be thorough to be of any value. Not less than one pint of formal dehyde can be used for one thous and cubic feet of room space. If the room is larger than ten feet square more than one pint of formal dehyde must be used. Care must be observed not to put too much of the formaldehyde solu tion in the bucket or it may boil over and be wasted, besides causing possible-damage. The following is the amount of the chemicals and size of containers for various size rooms: Room 10xl2xS, container, 8 quarts, formaldehyde, 1 pint, per manganate, C ounces. Room 12x12x10, container 12 quarts, formaldehyde 1 pints, per manganate 10 ounces. Room 14xl."x or 13,quartsFman7r Room, 11x15x10 or 15x15x9, con tainer J 4 quarts, formaldehyde 2 pints, permanganate 13 ounces. The room should be as warm as possibl" and sboald contain moisture. Don't place furniture of clothing near, the bucket, as liquid may splat ter and cause damage. Formaldehyde, when used as di rected above, is much preferable to the sulphur candles now in common use. It is more efficient and does not injure metal fabrics, while if the sul phur is used in sufficient strength to be effective it will do both. n variety or crops. It is profitable to grow a variety of crops rather than one, as this gives crops to be marketed at different times of year. This increases the regularity of the farmer's income and distributes it over a greater period. This in turn enables him to do bust-. ness on a smaller capital. Leave apples out in a cool house till it begins to be cold. They will keep longer. . When It looks like rain, draw in a load or two of corn for husking on me Dig Darn noor. Box a few apples done up in soft, paper and see how they will come out' next eprlriz.- i - , Character Valuable- Asset. Character has a commercial value. I wish every young man could real ize that fact. Character, industry and personal conduct have a cash, value at any bank. It takes some people a long time to realize this fact, and some never realize it, but it is a fact susceptible of proof la any community. Most people under stand that the business of the world is transacted on credit that the banks are a medium whereby the credlt of one person is transferred to the account of another person. For instance: You owe me ten dollars: and pay it with a check on the bank, I take that check to the bank and de posit it. The banker transfers ten dollars to my credit. I give a check for that amount in payment of a debt I owe, and the bankers again trans fers that much to the account of the mio T nntil anil so on. If one has no cash in the bank he has deposited se curities there to back up the check.In the value of these securities is where your perspnal character in dustry and good conduct couni For investment purposes you can get rash .it thA hank if vou have a good character and the hanker has confi dence in your ability the securities you deposit have an increased j?alue- ivhon lmrlfPil hv industrv and SOO& conduct Every young man in every community is watcneu ana sizea up hv the business men of that commun ity, and as he grows to manhood h& is building up. a reputation wnicn is valued in dollars by business men. A jrnntl renutation has a commercial value the same as stock in a prosper ous business. Make capuai out oi your reputation. Reputation has a Sh value. Increase it and you in crease your working capital. Men, fathers, impress this thougnt on your boys. And remember that the loafing boy who spends his time on the street corners, and stays out at nights, will have to have casn to ,ir hnslnpss because his renutation has no cash value. Eagle Pass News-Guide. Insect Resisting Vines Being Brought To Mexico. The fact that a number of men in the state of Coahuila have sent to points in the United States for varie ties of grape vines that will resist the ravages of the phylloxera insect calls for more than passing notice. .If the insect resisting vines prove to be a success, if it is shown that they will flourish in Mexico, a great step forward in grape culture in this country .will have been taken. There are parts of Mexico where the climate, soil and water are iden tical with the climate, soil and water of the parts of California where the great vineyards have brought to that section of the United States, world-wide fame as a district where fine grapes are grown, and where wines of choicest vintage are manu factured. Fruit trees and grape vines take to Mexico like a duck does to water. In telligent efforts in cultivation have to be exerted, just as anywhere else, but nature has done its part, and all that is needed is for man to do his. Some of the fruits or Mexico are superior to those grown in any other part of the world. All of the main fruit products are as good as those that come from other lands. And they can be mad,e even better. The fruit industry in Mexico is now receiving more proper attention than ever before. In the future It will command more attention than t does now. The possibilities in the fruit growing line are very great. The experiment with insect resist ing grape vines in Coahuila will be watched with the keenest interest all over the country. If the vines flour ish in Mexico, and men who have studied the situation say it is not to be for an instant doubted, more will unquestionably be brought here and planted. Eliminate the danger of in sect attacks and the grape culture and wine industry will receive an im petus that will make it one of Mexi co's most important business institu tions. Monterey News. ECHO OK TRADE EXCURSION. How Mission Enjoyed Visit of Jolly Houston Hustlers. Special Correspondence: Mission Texas, March 26. The citizens, men, women and children of Mission were out en masse to wel come the business men of Houston and Mission has never, in her four months of life, been honored by a visit from a finer looking class of men. We all felt for the time that we would glady have the right to wear the badge of Houston. Autos and carriages met the representatives at the depot and an hour was Spent in driving over the farms and viewing so far as time allowed, the cabbage and onion fields from which shipping is in progress at the present time. There was a display of beets, celery, cabbage, onions, green peas and po tatoes at tne station. While the business men were visit ing the "cabbage patches," Herb & Lewis' band and the colored string band, both of Houston, favored the citizens with a fine concert, which was a great treat to this village of pioneers. Many of the visitors were old time friends of Major John J. Wheadon, the proprietor of Mission Inn. as he was mine host for many years of a well known Houston hotel and he was greeted with open arms and a warmth one seldom sees among friends. The regret of all was that the Houstonlans could not longer r&i main with us. According to an English Oriental st the taxicab was known to the Chi ntce at leajst 1C00 years ago. The government of Uruguay is about to establish its first wireless t-!-CT3p!i station atXbbes Island. Over 1250 miles-of new electrical railroads, were built in the United States,- Canada and,Mealca .last year.