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VOL. XVII. NO. 346- BROWNSVILLE, TEXAS, THUTSDAY, OCTOBER 21, 1909 SINGLE COPIES 5 CENTS JL Jk JL JL. Masurys Liquid House Paints and Varnishes Masury's Nomar Wood Stains, Pratt and Lambert's Var nishes, -Adelite One-coat Dull Finish Wood Stains, Sapolin Enamels for all Decorations, Collier's and Railroad White Leads, Pure Linseed Oil, Turpentine and Window Glass, Paint and Varnish Brushes, and Painters' Tools. HICKS HARDWARE Shipments from February 17 to fnS May 2 1,1909) Cabbages I onap Beans cTWISSION Station was opened December 15, 1908, and the above vegetables billed to San Antonio on a 28 cent rate netted the railroad company between $7,000 and $8,000. This is over and above express shipments. cAlfalfa shipments are just beginning. W. L. Rockwell, Irrigation Engineer for the Government, examined the red soil four miles north of cTWission, on June 24th, and pronounced it equal to the finest in Texas. If you want an irrigated farm under the most favorable conditions, or a town lot in one of the most prosperous new towns in Texas, address CONWAY & HOIT Mission, Texas PENSACOLA NOW j UNDER WATERI KAIXFAMj AMOUNTED TO 1.20 IXCHES IX AX HOI K. Almost Equal to Cloudburst Streets Flooded to Depth of Four Inches Street Car Traffic Stopped, Wat erworks Out of Commission. Associated Press. Pensacola, Fla., Oct. 21. A ter rific downpour of rain almost equal ling a cloudburst, struck this city early today, stopping street car traf fic, putting the city waterworks plant out of commission and damaging other property. Many stree'ts were floo-ed to the depth of four inches. According to the weather bureau the rainfall, jemounted to 4.26 inches in one hour. DECIDE OX MEDINA CHOaSIXG. Edward's Railroad Will Span 3Ie dina Itiver at Earl Crossing. Reports from the headquarters of the engineers, who are actively en gaged in running the line of the J. v-. T-.-1 I . T" SI .1 moiniinnli t ll '1 , , Luwaiua naiiLuau, nuuvum-t iuuv the surveying squad has reached and crossed the Medina River. The krijira wViirVi is in snnn this river will be placed at the Earl crossing, according, to the construction data received by the Chamber of Com merce Tuesday. Work on the line south from the Medina River is being pushed, ana the route is to take a course due ' south toward Jourdanton. Engineers rodmen and other members of a typical chain gang are being employ ed by the surveying engineers. San Antonio Express. MARKIXG HISTORICAL. SITES. Louisiana State Museum Placarding Many Buildings. By Associated Press. New Orleans. Oct. 21. Visitors to New Orleans during the presi lenfs visit at the Lakes to Gulf Deep tVaterways Convention, Oct. 30, have' little use for guide boks tofind his toric sites and buidings. Hundreds of notable old landmark in the quaint French quarter and buildings occupying sites where once such his toric structures stood are heing pla carded by the Louisiana State Mu seum for the information of those who come to the city at that time. 1 COMPANY J SION A28 cars .-..29 cars 1 car SPANISH CABINET HAS RESIGNED THE SIXTH L.IIIEKAL 3IIX1STKV IX EIGHTEEN MONTH. Religious Issue Caused Downfall of the Others War in Morocco the Present Question Ferrer's Ex ecution Precipitated Matters. Madrid. Oct. 21. The Spanish cabinet, headed by Premier .Maura, resigned ithis afternoon. Preceding the formation of this cabinet there have be.m no less than five liberal ministries in IS months. The religious issue has been the rock on which these ministries were wrecked and the accession to power of Senor Maura, was regarded as a sweeping victory for the clericals and one likely to arouse a revolu tionary spirit. This proved to be the case, the opposition finally unit ing against the government's con duct and furtherance of the war in Morocco. Stern measures taken to put down the recent anti-war demonstrations in Spain tended to inflame the oppo sition", and the execution of Ferrer, foPowed by popular demonstrations of disapproval brought matters to a crisis. GIFT FROM CARXEGIE. Laud in Pennsylvania to Be Used For Sanitarium. By Associated Press. Harrisburg, Oct. 21. Andrew Car negie has offered to State Health Commissioner Dixon a tract of 450 acres of land on the crest of Alle ghany mountain near Cresson as a gift in recognition of the state's great fight against tuberculosis. The tract is offered so it can be made a sanitarium for Western Pennsylvania just as Mont Alto is for the eastern section BOMB IX MUXICH. Pavement Torn Up, Building Dam aged Xo Explanation. By Associated Press. Munich, Oct. ,21. A powerful bomb exploded on the street hre early today. The pavement nearby was torn up and a neighboring build ing considerably damaged. Xo one was injured. There is no explana tion of the incident. BROWNSVILLE SENDS LARGEST DELEGATION MAKE A BIG HIT WITH FLAGS, SUGAR CAMC AXD SOMBREROS. March Through the Principal Streets and are Extended a Cordial Wel come by Secretary Miller Com mittee Appointments. Special Dispatch to The Herald. Corpus Chrisn, Oct. 21. At :4a the Brownsville delegation, the big gest one here arrived. Over Two hundred including the band, Rifles and delegates with flags, cane and sombreros marched through the principal streets to the headquarters of the convention. The morning session was called to order by President C. S. E. Holland. A welcome was extended by Secre tary Miller. The reply was by Sen ator H. L. Guydon of Louisiana, the vice president. Hon. Ball of Hous ton was nominated for chairman, but declined. Senator Willacy of Corpus Christi was elected. Senator T. B. Labbe of St. Mar tinsville, Louisiana, was elected sec retary. R. B. Creager was named in the credentials committee; F. J. Combe, organization; L. Cobolini, resolution and R. N. Magill, nomi nations. Annual Convention Inland Waterways By Associated Press. " Corpus Christi, Tex., Oct. 21.The anuual convention of the Interstate Inland Waterways League met here today with a large number of dele gates present. Secretary of War Dickinson, Governor Campbell of Texas, and several congressmen ar rived today. Secretary Dickinson addressed the convention this after noon. The Field Artillery band from San Antonio is here and will furnish music during President Taft's vis it. The president is scheduled to make an address tomorrow. FIFTV-TWO RAILROADS VS. COMMERCE COMMISSIOX. Arguments Heard Today Roads Claim Their Loss From Reduction in Rates .S.00,00 Yearly. By Associated Press. St. Louis, Oct. 21. Arguments were heard here today in the suit of fifty-two western and southwestern railroads against the interstate com merce commission brought over a year ago and known as the "cattle rate cases." The filing of the suit was followed by an order from the commission reducing transportation rates on cattle. The roads claim their loss as the result of the redac tions approximates $500,000 annu ally. VACATION' ALMOST OVER. President Taft Enjoys Game of Golf Witli Robert Connolly. ?y Associated Press. Gregory, Tex., Oct. 21. President Taft began the third day of his ranch vacation with a game of golf this morning against Robert Connolly, champion of Texas. This afternoon he visited Taft, one of the towns on Charles Taft's property to see the work of development there. Governor Campbell and a large number of delegates passed through here today en route to the Inland Waterways Convention at Corpus Christi. LAKE MOHOXK COJiKKIlKVCE. Topic for Discussion Today Is "The Philippines." Associated Press Mohonk Lake," X. Y., Oct. 12. "The Philippines" is the subject for discussion at the Mohonk conference today. Members of Congress, judges and educators and men interested in tht physical improvement of the islands, are the speakers. A Filipino student is also on the program. DAM GAVE WAY. Twenty-five Persons Drowned Xear Constantinople, By Associated Press. Constantinople, Oct. 21. Twenty five persons were drowned toe ay fr" lowing the bursting of a dam at Lake Derkos, thirty miles northwest of this city. The lake supplies water for the capital. STANDARD OIL PRICES CUT. Almost AH Grades Crude Oil Affect ed Somewhat. Associated Press. Pittsburg, Oct 21. Announce ment was made today by the Stan dard Oil Company of a cut in prices of all grades of crude oil except Ragland. Pennsylvania brand is reduced to five cents and other grades from 2 to 8 cents. BLOODHOUNDS ON MURDERER'S TRAIL FOLLOW TRACKS FROM SCEXE OF CRIME TO KAXSAS C1TV. Alonzo Vanroyen, Wife and Sister-in-Law the Victims Robbery the Motive for the Deed Thought to Be Stranger. Associated Press. Kansas City, Kan., Oct. 21. Blood hounds today are fresh on the trail of the men suspected of the murder of Alonzo Van Royan, his wife and sister-in-law, Rose McMahan, five miles west of Kansas City, yesterday. Followed by a posse of officers and farmers the bloodhounds fol lowed on the trail all last night. They traced the suspect from the house in which the two women lay murdered to the ravine where Van royen's body lay. Then the hounds turned into the road and came to ward Kansas City. Officers are confident that the murderer is a stranger jrho .Traa seen with Van Royan last week. The theft of ?500 from a trunk In the house and a diamond ring from the finger of Mrs. Van Royen indicates that the motive was robbery. W. C. T. U. CONVENTION-. Evangelistic Work Today Conven tion Proper Tomorrow. Associated Press. Omaha, Xeb., Oct. 21. Evange listic work occupied the time of the officers and delegates to the annual convention of the Woman's Chris tian Temperance Union, the greater part o ftoday, designated as "Day of Prayer." The convention proper will begin tomorrow, when President Stevens calls to order tne delegates representing 300,000 women and ev ery State in the Union. CHILD LABOR Criticism of Doctor Who Advocated It in Southern Cotton Miils. Associated Press. Washington, Oct. 21 While criti cising Doctor Stiles of the United States Pubiic Health ana Marine Hospital Service for defending be fore the Southern Textile association at Raleigh. X. C, the employment of children in the cotton mills of the South, F. C. Roberts, chairman of the labor committee of the Central Labor Union of this city, today stirred up strong indignation among the delegates to the United Textile Workers of America, assembled in convention in this city. Rotljrts de clared his surprise that public offi cer, paid from the public revenue would come before a convention of employers of labor and undertake to defend the system of child labor in the South. Roberts advocated ac tion by the convention in opposition to any further attempt to extend and perpetuate the system of child labor in southern cotton mills. DAUGHTERS OF CONFEDERACY. Much Interest Developing in Elec tion of Officers. By Associated Press. Houston, Oct. 21. Interest is be coming more pronounced in the elec tion of officers of the United Daugh ters of the Confederacy, which takes place Friday. Slates are being made and unmade, and a lively con test is promised. Mrs. States of North Carolina ha sdeveloped much strength for the office of president general. Mrs. Hickman of Tennes see also appears to have a strong following. WISCONSIN BANK ROBBERS. Secured S."0 Cash and Negotiable Papers. Associated Press. Manito, Wis., Oct. 21. Bank rob bers looted the Readaville State Bank lagt night and secured $6500 cash and negotiable papers. They made their escape. SLIGHT EARTHQUAKE SHOCK. Apparently About Five Thousand Miles Away. By Associated Press. Cleveland, Oct. 21. A prolonged and somewhat severe earthquake shock- was recorded by the St. Igna tius college seismograph here last "'.ight. The quake was apparently about five thousand miles distant. DR. JAMES CARLISLE DEAD. President Emeritus of Wofford Col lege, Spartanburg, S. C. By Associated Press. Spartansburg, S. C, Oct. 21. Dr. James Carlisle, the venerable president emeritus of Wofford Col lege, died at his home here this morning. He was 84 years of age. RAISES RATE OF DISCOUNT. Bank of , England Raises Rate From "4 to 5 Per Cent. By Associated Press. London, Oct. 21. Governors of the Bank of England today raised the minimum rate of discount from 4 to 5 per cent. SAN BENITO, TEXAS Is in the very heart of the Lower Rio Grande Valley Nineieen miles north of Brownsville on the main ling of the St. Louis, Brownsville & Mexico Railway. SAN BENITO Is the most favored spot in this, the most favored valley on the Continent. Forty thousand acres of rich alluvial soil, varying from a black sai.lv sill to a rich chocolate loam. The Only Gravity Canal in the Rio Grande Val ley the Largest Canal in Texas. The San Benito gravity canal is 37 miles long, averaees 2.10 'eet in width and 20 feet in depth. It is navigable its entirelength, afford ing cheap and convenient transportation for the products of our farrns. Each of the six great locks in- this canal will pass boats 20x60 feet. Many motor boats and small pleasure craft plv our canal's waters. This immense channel affords storage for 31,000 acrefeet of water We can store enough water at a single filling to last us four months Storage and Gravity are the Two Most Neces sary Conditions for Successful Irrigation, The town of San Benjto, although only two years old, has a population of more than 1,000, a complete water system, cement sidewalks now being laid, two good schools with a corps of six competent teachers, churches, stores and many permanent and expensive residences THE BUSIEST NEW TOWN IN THE LOWERRIO GRANDE VALLEY Come to San Benito and see what has been accomplished in two years seven thousand acres of our tract id cultivation, prosperous farms in all directions. Many thousand acres more being cleared and pre pared for crops. Write for Illustrated Booklet SAN BENITO LAND & WATER COMPANY SAN BENITOTEXAS. ALBA HEY WOOD, Pres. and Gen. Manager, Brownsville office opposite Miller Hotel. re; rr. rr. r!r tI- '-V- -I- -V -'- t'i -. - , Leveling, Subdividing, Lateral Building, Concrete Construction Z Two years First Asst. KnK. Panama Canal, four j cars Loc. Enj:. Mexican Central Ky. Mexico; nine .ears irrigation and general envineering l work in Texas. Xew Mexico and Arizona. J. A. CARD S Civil Engineer and Contractor My experience is of vIue to you. Engineering has been my lift uork. Tle in Mr formation and knowledge I possess has been attained only by clo-c -tuj-. of condi- lions. If you want to know trie lest way to irrigate jour lam! I can tell you. Each piece of land needs to be irrigated and treated differential. Lands ary the - slope in different directions; some portions are high. others low. Von need the advice , of an experienced and successful engineer to build your laterals. 1 he- things 1 can Positively do. You are not experimenting if I do the work. Fourteen ears of ex- perience to back mi claims I am at your -service. Harlingen. Tesa. 2e K Vr X :- -'r -- -'r -r i'r rr 2tK Hf Hi Yr ?r -. - Vr 3- COTTON MILLS OF THE SOUTH OWXEKS AKE CABEKUL OF HEALTH OK EMPLOYES Not Actuated by Philanthropy Good Health :m Asset of Value to Manu facturer Physician Defends Child Ijibor in Mills. By Associated Press. Raleigh. X. C, Oct. 20. That the health of child laborers and. in fait all employes of cotton mills of the South has been infinitely improved through the safeguards thrown round them! by the mill owners was main tained by A S. Winslow, superin tendent of cotton mills in Clinton, S. C, in an address before the South ern Textile Association here today. In view of the widespread interest taken in the labor problem in South ern factories, and especially cotton mills, the address was of more than local importance. Mr. Winslow's position was that the health and morals of the em ployes were greatly bettered through their employment in its mills. He contended that the first thought of the mill owners was the safeguard ing of the health and well being of their workers. This, Mr. Winslow frankly 'acknowledged, was not prompted solely by philanthropy He acknowledged that the good health of tne employes was of the greatest importance to the owner of a mill. "Good health among the operatives is an asset of value to the manufac turer," he said, "It means more and better work. The knowledge of this fact explains the increasing over sight of the operative, both in and out of the miii. His physical, moral and spiritual health are being con sidered so carefully today that the old-time prejudice against employ ment in the mill is fading from the public mind." Mr. Winslow quoted from a letter written by Dr. C. W Stiles, of tne United States Public Health and Ma rine Hospital Service, and addressed IKK -'i i'i Hi iU -- , t ,t . 2. to him last june. In this letter Dr. Stiles deiends the employment ot children in the mills, holding sucfe employment infinitely better tbam existence in the insanitary dwellings of the people in tne sand jands ana thD Appalachian regions of the South. -Mr. Winslow quoted Dr. Stiles -as saying that he would much rather place his ten-year old daughter in the spinning room of a cotton mill thac send her to the insanitary surroufTd ings to be found on the average ten ant farm in those sections. Mr. Winslow proceeded to quote the testimony of a physician who is en gaged in making a careful study5fcJ sanitary conditions of the South. This physician, he deokired. stated that Dr. Stiles had not gone far enough and that hp should not have ; confined his strictures to the tenant j farms. The homes of many of the planters, Mr. Winslow said the phy i sician declared, were not above se vere criticism fro ma sanitary point of view. "The fact is. and we have a right I to be proud of it," continued Sir Winslow, '-that the cotton mills i ' yhe South are better suited to the oj- I eratives than many places whera 'he I world has been taught to look "for : health. The mills may not be perfect 1 for human as well as local limitations will not permit us to attain unto per ' fection. but we may boldly proclaim I that the mills are safe places of oe i cupation from a health point of vie"x, and that the mill ofiicials are keenly intent upon the Tiiajnten ' ance of sound health anion:; .the 1 operatives. And we are not only jus- f tified in claiming this, but we may safely challenge the world to dia- prove our statements." Mr. Winslow credited the great ' advance in the health conditionsor Southern workers to the fact that j new factories now are constructed ' and old ones remodtled with the physical welfare of the workers in 1 view. This fact, together with the ptrsonal interest taken by owners in their employes health, he said, has w.orked wonders among the i operatives. The Cotton Market. Liverpool, Oct. 21. Cotton spot moderate, business done; prices 3 points lower American middling to fair, 7.80d.