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LIBERTY, MISSISSIPPI, FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 9, 1892.
K V I V ! !!!'( !'
.... I til i ! J 1 I J
Tee Southern Herald
PUBLISHED EVERT FRIDAY HORNING.
Ona year, ta advance $ 5t
Six Months Tj
On square, first Insertion fl O
One square, each subsequent Inser
Quarterly, half yearly and yearly ad
vertisements contracted for at lower
Professional cards not exceeding tea
lines for one year, S10.
Announcing candidates for State or
IHstict offices, S15; for County offices,
10; fur Supervisors districts, 5, in ad
vance. Marriage? and deaths published as
GEO. F. WEBB,
Attorney at Law,
Office is the Butler Jtullding, Liberty,
Amite Conaty, Miss. 11-IMKI
D. C BR AM LETT,
ail Esrisr ii kw,
' WU1 practice in all the Courts of
Amite and djoininf counties, and in th
supreme Court at Jackson. 1-91. .
Attorney at Law,
Will practice In all the Courts of
Pike and adjoining counties, and In
the Supreme and Federal Courts at
J. R. GALTNEY,
Attorney at Law,
All business confided to his car will
receive prompt attention.
E. H. RATCLIFF,
Attorney at Law,
Will practice in all the Courts 4
Am He and adjoining counties and in ts
Supreme Court at Jackson.
E. IT. Ratcmff,
J. II. Wkhh,
KATCLIFF & WEBB,
Attorneys at Law,
Will practice in all the courts of Amite
and adjoining counties and in the Su
preme Court at Jackson.
W. E. CILL,
Attorney -at -Law,
Will practice in all the courts ol
Amite and adjoining counties, and la
the Supremo Court at Jackson.
St. Louis, Missouri.
w. u. Mcdowell, : :
Amite County, Miss.
And Livery Stable,
The undersigned oegs to anaouaoa
Ik at he is now prepared to reoeira
bcarders and entertain the traveling
poblic. ; Faro the beat the market af
fords. Ho i3 also prepared to meet the
want of the publio in the way of feed
Inff, Itabhng and rroominff stock whica
may be entrusted to nil care. Charjee
teaaonable. Give me a trial
' V TnOMAR WAROO.
UaertJt 9 K
tHSS PAPER IS ON FILK
m NEW YORK
, a mi atneat or
rm in low, in4 you isk why, id fellow
liy Jove, man, but ho cam I tell
CnUtw it, may bp, to Iter beautiful
Ttubt r iirry and wader like well.
Lik the pure eyr of tntrcU ia pictures
Bui no, in 1 think, it s kv r mouth.
With Up, jwt like curled rrinuoa roe lers.
arm and swet with the breath ol the uvuih.
Then Yft buir- ah! fcer hair In the sunshine.
It a like roiiper ami fold In its the.-a.
And r-be tniiUs It in notue way thai perfect
Aw it cniwis her (small head hiic a qmm
Perhaps X' her chic wy of dresiinj
bhe U always o fcrjiilesaly sweet, .
From the crown of h r lc Paris turban
To the small rrniihel shoes on her fret
Th"re was neTer another drewed like ber,
Nwr carrittl herself with such pr.ice.
Sot smiled in so winsonv a m-inner.
With such archness and joy ia her face-
You are hmpbinjc: O'jl rome now, old fellow.
You're a celibate, omrtletts and wise
So was 1 yet a email thinp may chance yoaj
Just one look nto me woman a eyes.
Marie Juureau, In UrooLlya Life.
A Job Which Sam Pomeroy Cor
w Jo Cravt Showed Ulna a riensant
Wmj to Cot nitl of It Bat Then
llaytn' and H arret tin
Ar to Come.
When 1 was fishing down on ISarlcy
ruu Uoc Ilarnes caine in one day nnd
said he hud just been np to Farmer
lien I'omeroy's and Jim Crane's taking
soiuo stitches in lien's boy Snm and
Jim's boy Joe. The circumstance that
led to his cull up in that neighborhood,
as near as I could iret it from authentic
sources, were substantially as follows:
Fourteen-year-old Sara 1'nmeroy was
industriously planting potatoes In a
back Held on his father's furin that
forenoon when thirteen-year-old Joo
Crane came along.
"l'lantin' taters, Sam?" said Joe.
Snm said he was.
"What do you git fer doiu' it?"' nsked
"Don't git nothin' fer doin' it," re
plied Sam. "l'er not doin' it I get
Then there was silence for a mo
ment, liy and by Joe said: "It's too
wet to plaut 'taters. They'll rot."
"Don't mm to strike my pup that
way," said Sam, and he planted nloug.
Silence for a spell. Then Joe suid:
"Tha's a wildcat up here apiece,
"Uo 'way!" exclaimed Sam, straight
enin up and loaning ou hi3 hoe.
"Jist beyond tlio laurel patch, ni'h
the edge o' the Devil's ltut," replied Joe.
Sam pondered in silence for a minute,
with his chin on his hoc, and then, sigh
ing, resumed his planting. Joo broke
tbo silence again:
"Can't you sneak your pap's gun?"
said he. "I've snuck ray pap's."
"Yes, I kin sneak it easy enough,"
said Sam, leaning on his hoe with one
hnnd and scratching his head with the
other. "Hut pnp'U lick mo like tarna
tion fer knockln' off plantin'."
"Tha's two dollars liounty now for
the wildcat's cars," Insinuated Joe.
"An' the hide's wuth two dollars more."
"That's to," said Sam, shaking his
hend dolefully. "Durn the taters!"
"Tha's a circus over in town next
week," said Joe, "an' 'taint fur yit till
the Fourth o' July. I s'poso your pap'll
give you two dollars, o' course, to take
"Not by a jugful, ho won't!" ex
claimed Sain, dropping the hoe.
"Wherc'U 1 meet you, Joe?"
"liy the rock spring," replied Joe.
"I got pap's gun hid up there."
And Joo went back to the woods,
while Sam took a circuitous route for
home, as his father was plowing on the
direct route. In less than a quarter of
an hour ho and Joo loaded their guns
nt the rock spring and marched for the
place where the wildcat was alleged to
be lurking. That there was.a wildcat
in the vicinity, anil a big one, was well
known. Some said there were two.
Ope had been seen several times, at any
rate, nnd a number of lambs had been
killed and carried off, and poultry yards
had been thinned out in a way that de-
I noted tho methods of the wildcut. So
mere tvsn uuuuuui um, whw v
destructive prowlers at least was oper
ating in the neighborhood JUcn mm
hunted for it and trapped for it, but it
had thus far eluded hunter and trapper.
The day Joe Crane appeared to Sam
T,i(-rnv on the notnto Held nc nau
been looking for a hawk's nest that he
believed was somewhere among the
old pine stubs around the Devil's Rut
when he ran across a big wildcat, wnicn
ran up a tree, crouched in the fork, and
glared back at him. lie liaa thereupon
hurried home, "snuck" his father's gun,
and with rare diplomacy induced Sam
I'omeroy to "sneak" his fathers gnu
nnd Join in acarapaign against the wild
cat's pelt and ears.
Joe, as tho arbiter ol tne mini, sent
Sara through the laurel patcli wncn
they got there, where he shrewdly sus
pected the catamount had his refuge,
while he himself went around the patch
to be ready for the wily game if Sam
routed it out. Sam started we Dig cai
and got a shot at it. He broke one of
its hind legs, but tho wildcat bonnded
on out of the laurels on three legs. It
came out near Joe, and he gave it a
charge from his pap'sgun, and tumbled
It heels over head. It fell, kicKiog ana
yelling, right on the edge of the Devil's
Rut. and its dying kicks carried it over
the edge, and it fell headlong to the bot
tom of the rot. -
The Devil's Rut, ao-called, is a, can
yon on a small scale. It is a seam in
the rocks, not over ten feet wide at its
widest part, thirty , feet deep and a
quarter of a mile long. Joe and Earn
looked Cown into the Devil's Rut and
could see the wildcat lying there dead.
To climb down the side of the opening
was an impossibility, and ft looked as
if the hunt was to be a fruitless one
"We're dished!" said (jam, "an' I'm a
heap worse off than nothin', fer all Lll,
tt .,-ii i.'n',n rfc-kln1!" - ' 5
Hut Sam was too much of a pessimist.
with more skin of their own than they
diii, to say nothing of clothe.
It is a greit place for wiUt grapes
around and about the Devil's Hut. The
vines extend from tree to tree-, nome of
tin in continuous stretch for fifty
feet or more. It took Joe Crane no
lon-rer than two minutes to think nut a
plan for securing the wildcat and all
that it implied. He traced out a vine
that had thrown itself through the
trees f'r fifteen or twenty yards from
it3 parent cane. He eliralied the trees
in succession, cutting the vine looe
frpra the branch vines anil tendrils
that held it, and at last had it free, a
long, strong natural rope, fully fifty
feet in length. The two boys tested its
strength by both putting their weight
on it at once, and hanging from it It
held stanch and safe to its native tree.
Joe lowered the vine to the bottom of
the Devil's Hut, and went down iu'.o
the ravine, hand over haml upon it
His intention was to fasten the wild
cat's carcass to the vine and haul it up.
liut while Sam was waiting for the
signal to pull away he heard Joe shout
ing something else.
"Hello. Sain! Joe s voice come up
from the Rut. "Dropdown here with
the guns! Tha s a hole full o more
Sam couldn't drop down with the
guns, so he tied them to a long grape
vine and lowered them to tho bottom.
Then he dropped himself down Joe's
grapevine and joined Joo in the lint.
"look in yonder!" said Jix. pointing
to a big hole in the rocks. Sam looked.
and saw four balls of hrc, all in a row,
"Kach pair o' them balls o' fire," said
Joe, "is two dollars for bounty an' two
dollars fer hide. That's tootcms four
is eight, and this feller lavin' over here
is tootems two is four, makin twelve,
'cordin' ta DubolL You talie the two
balls on the nigh side, Sam, an' I'll
take the two on the oft side. When 1
say three, let her bim!"
It seemed a good while to Sam before
Joe said three, but when the word
came ho "let her bim," according to dl
reetionB. ltoth guns went off at once,
and the four balls of fire disappeared,
but something else eaine in Right Two
wildcats bounded out of the hole in the
rocks, over tho liodics of the two Joe
and Sura had shot, and while the re
port of tho guns was still bowlinj
along the narrow passage in booming
echoes, and before tho boys had time to
be surprised they found themselves
mixed up on the rocky bottom of the
Devil's Unt with wildcats, grapevines.
guns and stones in such a way that the
impress of It on their minds will bo
fresh and vivid long after tho impres
sions it mane oil incir douics i;'vo
hea'ied up and disappeared.
Neither Joe nor Sam can recall just
how they managed to bring the end
about, but tho upicarniiee of the two
wildcats' heads conveyed tlio impres
sion that it was accomplished princi
pally by the butts of guns. At any
rate, when the rush and whirl and yell
Inir was all over the boys found them
selves sitting on the bottom of tho Rut
without much elotliiug on to speak of.
and with fcarcely a spot four inches
snuare from their shoulders down that
didn't have the marks of a wildcat's
claw imprinted on it As tlicy sat
there wiping blood with such bits of
shirt and things as still hung to them
Joe was the first to break the silence.
"That hole." said he, "wns a lcctlc
fuller o' wildcat than I calkilated on
Itut them last ones makes tootcms four
is ciirht more, Sam."
Sara said he "know'd It," hut made
tho apt suggestion that they had better
be digging out of there anil malting lor
home to get patched up. So they ugreed
that they hud done their share, and
would go home and send their paps
back after the guns and the wildcats.
They hauled themselves out of tho Rut
by the grapevines and limped home
It happened that not long after Snm
I'omeroy hud abandoned operations iu
the potato field and jniucd Joo Crane in
the wildcat hunt, his father strolled
over to the field to sec how he was get
ting along. Finding the hoe there
alone, Farmer I'omeroy hurried home
to see what had becomo of Sam. Not
finding Sam, but noticing that the gun
was gone, lie started for tho woods. In
the course of his reconnoitering he at
last came upon Sam and Joe as they wero
making the best time they could home
ward, tattered and disabled.
"Jist what 1 ben a 'spectra, ex
claimed Farmer Pomeroy. "1 hat gun
has gone and busted on you at lastl
Sarves von right, an' I'll give yer hide
a tannin' when I git ye home.
Don't know about that, pap," said
Sam. "You won t find mucu nine, icii
on me to tan, I'm thiukin'."
Then the boys told the wildcat story,
and Farmer I'omeroy helped them homo
on the double quick, turned them over
to their mothers, sent for tke doctor,
and he and Joe's father went to the
Devil's Rut and brought in tho wildcats
and their guns. After Doc. Barnes had
patched Joo and Sam up, be said:
"Potato planting win an oe over,
Sam, when you get around again."
'So I s'pofie," said Sam. "But then
comes the grass and the rye. Them
wildcats seen me through the plantin'
all ritrht . 1 only wisht that me an Joe
could find another hole full o' more of
em. That'd help me over hayln' an'
harvest, too." fid Mott, In N. Y. bun.
A Famonf Carriage.
The carriage which Napoleon I. need
in his famous retreat from Moscow,
and in which he startei'out from Paris
in the campaign that ended at Water
loo, is now held by the trustees of the
Wellington estate, having been cap
tured by the iron duke. It is a two
seated conveyance; top and sides lined
with iron; there is also a front "cur
tain" that can be raised and lowered at
will The wheels are largo and heavy
and the stops are finished with curious
battle designs done la silver. The em
peror used the back seat and kept his
pillows and blankets, under It The
.back of Ihe front scat mm need as a
cupboard, and was provided with all
sorts of culinary articles and a small
spirit or oil store, llttsburgh Dp
agricultu ral hints.
SCIENCE IN FARMING.
Sorter Cmltlntlo BXabH Moktara i
The constant evaporation at the sur
face of the ground causes the moisture
In the soil to ereep upward over tna
surfaces of tliose soil particles which
touch each other. Stirring the soil
cheeks this upward nsovement by put
ting air between mauy of the particle.
To ascertain how much moisture is re
tained bv sarface cultivation, F. U.
King, at the Wisconsin station (R. '91),
plowed aud harrowed twelve-foot
strips in the spring, and summer-fal
lowed them. One strip was rolled Slay
H.snd afterwards not disturbed except
to scrape off the weeds. Another strip
was frequently cultivated three inehea
deep nntll July 13. The soil was a
sanity clay loam, underlaid at four leet
with sand. On May i, the ground wa-
te was found at a depth of seven feet.
and on July 17 was six inches lower.
Six times, samples were taken with a
soil tube to a depth of six feet, from
near the ten points marked in the dia
gram. Each foot of moist sou was
weighed, then thoroughly dried and
gain weighed. Thus it was found
that, from- May 33 to July 17, each
square foot of the scraped surface lost,
from a depth of six feet, J.84 pounds
more water than the cultivated surface.
noiHTi'HK in ri.owr.D ohoi'nd.
This amount Is equivalent to a rainfall
of 1.7 iuches. . As M01.49 pounds of wa
ter are needed to grow a pound of di7
matter in American corn, the above
saviug of moisture would, in a drought,
increase the vield IB per cent. I lie en-
irnivinir shows tl.a per cent, of soil
moisture, on July 25, at each foot In
dentil of the slightly sloping ground
The most moisture is retained near the
cultivated surface, in reach of the plant
roots. Shallow surface cultivation has
kept the soil moist through the sever
est droughts, by retaining the subsoil
moisture. American Agriculturist
im Furtlirn Method, of
Cow, and Milk.
In order to calm the anxieties of ths
public respecting tho consumption of
milk from diseased cows, the French
authorities have passed a law requiring
Paris dairymen henceforth, when. stock
ing their sheds, to produce a certificate
from the olMal veterinary surgeon in
whose district the animal has been
purchased that the milch cow is free
from organic disease. They must also
advise the similar officials in the city
of the arrival of t'he purchase. As a
further protection, all dairy cattle nro
to be inspected mouthly by the gov
ernment veterinary surgeon, who is
also empowered to report on the snni
;iry conditloa of the cow stables and
These measures: are not untimely in
presence ot tne Heavy numan monaniy
from tuljereulous ancctions; of the in
creasing use of milk as adiet and of the
communications of tuberculosis from
milk from diseased cows a fact now
nlaced bevond controversy. The re
cent researches of Dr. Hang, of Copen
hagen, have established that milk can
contain the Koch bacillus of tubercU'
losis without tho milk glands or udder
exhibiting the symptoms of that dis
ease, though the latter was detected on
the cow being slaughtered. The disease
trcrms can exist in the cream as well
as In the creamed milk despite no ex
ternal signs of the malady being per
To sterilize the microbes in rnilK tne
Tasteur plan of heating the liquid and
then rapidly cooling down is resorted
to. A temperature of IM to 107 degrees
Fahrenheit does not kill the septic ani'
mnlcules: It rather checks the rapidity
of their multiplication. Prof. Duolaux
has shown that even at the boiling
point vitality is not conquered in the
ferment germs, an additional twelve
degrees is necessary to make sure,
Highly heated milk loses none of its
nutritive qualities, but is not so easy
of digestion as the ordinary milk, and
acquires the cooked flavor that so many
dislike. Milk thus heated and placed
in vessels that have been steam-scalded
keeps for a long time.
Dr. Sraester, of Normandy, sends milk
to Paris in a perfectly sweet condition
without resorting to any agent for its
preservation save extreme cleanliness.
Thr cow that has not had good treat
ment through the winter will show the
result in a marked ..manner in the
T'HTckE are many people who take
first-rate care of their horses, bat neg
lect their cows. Why? Is not the cow
entitled to as good treatment as the
Too hioh feeding along before "calv
ing time is r. good way to produce milk
fever. Feed the bone and muscle
forming foods in reasonable quantities.
Breeding animals should be kept in a
Treat the cow as if she were a lady,
tome one has said. Treat her as if she
were a cow. - .That is all there is to da
It is the dut7 of intelligent men to treat
every beast kindly, ' and the cow, es
pecially, will pay well for all such
treatment J '
KrMNixu streams on farms ar esti
mated far above their Value, in our
opinion. Contagions 'disease! among
animals hawe often been spread by run
Ling nti eams. Whatever impnrities get
into them above, of course, must come
l. 'nw. A good well, with a good wind
mill., is the safest and best t UiS knii
I .1 ml VI L aaU.www.
CURIOUS LAWS OF OPTICS.
The Zbra- Strip Mak tk AalMI
Alml InWHl at .Klakt.
Almost every writer who treats of tha
colors of animals refers to Gai ton's ob
servatiuos that in the bright starlight
of an African night xebras are practi
cally invisible even at a short distance;
bat there can be no doubt that their
peculiar striped appearance is also of
great protective value in broad day
light On a recent xebra hunt near
Cradock, in which I took part, aeveTml
members of our party commented, on
the difficulty of seeing aebraa even at
moderate distances, although there waa
nothing to hide them, the black and
white stripes blending so completely
that the animals assume a dull brown
appearance in harmony with the gener
al color of the locality ia which they are
found, and In which, for Instance,
Rooi rehbok (Pelca carpraolata) is also
well protected on account of
iU peculiar brownish coat A
member of our party, who,
on another occasion, gave proof that he
Is possessed of excellent eyesight, and
who has frequently hunted in similar
localities, saw a xebra which was
wounded in one of the front legs at a
distance of about four hundred yards,
and, strange to any, he mistook it for a
big baboon. In a letter which I re
ceived from hlra a few days ago he said:
It galloped like a baboon from me.
and 1 could only aee that the color was
grayish-brown. At about five hundred
yards from me It ran on to a little
kranta, and mounting the highest rock,
drew its body together just as a baboon
does when its fonr feet are all together
on the summit of a little rock." His
remark as to the grayish-brown eolor of
the animal is the more valuable, as I
believe this gentleman, Mr. Wrench, A.
R. M., of Cradock, is quite un
prejudiced. In my own letters to him,
which drew forth these remarks, I bad
only asked him for the distance at
which he saw tha xebra, and I did not
ask him how it was that he mistook s
black and whit cobra for a brown
baboon on a perfectly clear South
My own observations also confirm
that the stripes of the zebra are of pro
tective value. Riding along a slope I
suddenly saw fonr xebras within one
hundred yards above me. Thoy were
galloping down the hill, but atopped
when they caught sight ot me. A soon
they stopped I saw their stripes
pretty distinctly. After I had fired
and wounded one of them they started
again galloping down the hill round mo
In a semi-circle at a distance of about
seventy yards. AH this time they pre"
sen ted a dull brown appearanoe, n
stripes being visible, although I had
my attention Bxed on this point 1 ney
isappeared beyond a ridge. wentown
little valley, and 1 heard afterward
that they ascended the next slope,
which was not more than fifteen hun
dred yardsawayfroin wherel stood with
native servant Yet even this lynx-
eyed native could not see them going
up the slope. They had vanished from
Perhaps it may Interest some of yonr
readers that zebras are still fairly
plentiful on the rugged hills west of
Cradock. A troop of forty-one ani
mals was seen on the very ground over
which we hunted a short time before i
we arrived, unr party saw eleven in
two days, but I believe three were seen
on two if not on three different occa
sions. This would reduce their num
ber to eight if not to five. They are
protected by government and also by
the farmers themselves, but I am afraid
that in spite of that their days are
numbered. They are said to be very
destructive to wire fences, and, as the
Inclosing of farms with wire fences is
steadily on the increase in this colony,
many a farmer will have, though per
haps reluctantly apd In defiance of tho
law to take np his gun and clear
them off his property. There will then
probably be an outery by people who
know the difficulties of south African
farming only from books written by
travelers who hurry through south
Africa In a first-class railway carriage;
but those who really know south Af
rica well will say it Is a great, great
pity, but it can not be helped unless
governmens provides speedily an abode
for these and other animals threatened
with extinction. The first step in the
right direction would perhaps be the
establishment of a government xoolog-
leal garden; but I hope others who are
more competent than I am will stir the
people of Cape Colony up before it Is too
late, so that something more than
mere game laws may Ve done to pre
serve them. Nature.
ONLY A HORSESHOE NAIL.
Th Tal of tk Yoonc I-sdrssd the T'slr
of Hrkoa Snapendors.
She was a beautiful girl, upon whose
lustrous curls twenty summers had laid
their roses in showers of color and
fragrance, and upon whose fair shoul
ders the decree of fashon had placed a
pair of suspenders.
If any who read tnese lines nave not
ret got themselves upon this fad, they
should at once look tip the latest fashion
She was radiant in her loveliness, and
the young man who sat beside her when
the shadows of the evening fell was at
happy as she was beautiful.
It was an Iridescent combination.
He had proposed and' been accepted
and he had just concluded a wild, im
pulsive embrace that now waa tapering
off gradually in a tender, one-armed
hug and lingering as a case of the grip
in a hard winter. ,
"George," she murmured, "will yon
do me a favor?"
"A million!" he exolaimed. with trop
ical luxuriance; "a million times a mil
"One is enough, dear," she said, with
s little soft smile of joyous content
"What la-It, darling?" he whispered.
drawing her closer to him.
"Will you lend me a horseshoe nail?"
she lisped, blushingly. "We bars
busted my gallus."
And George's great heart yearned and
broke then, for he had oome to ths
trysting place without a horseshoe
Mil-Detroit Fres Press,
Am B4 Habit Wklo Ik. KtB Has la.
kwlW-HuUi kl rtarM.
"It was my first hunting trip ia Flor
ida, and I waa anxious to shoot an alli
gator, so I snatched np my fua be for
the camp was half made and wandered
along the bank of the Indian river
looking for one. Although 1 wanted
big game, I did not despise th small,
snd so carried a doable-barreled breech
loader, one barrel of which threw ball
and the other shot . I had a splendid
retriever, too, for which I Had paid a
pretty sum, and I expected him to earn
"It was not long before I eaQ upon
a little flock of coots, a curious water
fowl, looking like a cross between a
duck and a hen. t Deed into the
flock and killed two. My dog dashed
in alter "them, and retrieving
one, brought It ashore. When he turned
to go after tha other it was gone. I
thought it strange, and so did the dog,
evidently, for he swam all about look
ing for it Suddenly he give a yelp,
struggling violently for a moment in
the water snd then disappeared beneath
I had fonnd my alligator. That
thought struck me all at once. And he
had found my expensive dog. and I did
not like the meeting one little bit Not
knowing how big the brute might be,
and having had no experience of alli
gators anyway, I felt genuinely afraid
to tackle this unseen, noiseless foe and
go to my dog's rescue. Wading cau
tiously in. I leaped upon a fallen tree
which lay half in and half out of the
water a few yards from shore. On
the other side of it th river be
came suddenly deep, and here I could
see my poor dog, held under water In
the jaws of a good-sised' alligator, and
slowly drowning. Th alligator was
taking things coolly. He was in no
hurry. Nature had fitted hun on pur
pose to drown animals In his jaws.
while he breathed freely in the air
above. His nnntrlls were on top of his
upper jaw at the end, and he was thus
able to keep them just above surface of
tho water, while my dog was wholly
"Quick as a flash I fired both barrels
at him. The bullet struck the watei
just above his head and recocheted rods
and rods away, and the shot kicked up
a little ripple above him and that was
alL Ho dived deeper and moved off
with my dog and I never saw either of
them again. That was my first experi
ence with an alligator.
"The next on I met was lying bask
ing in the snn on s mud flat I crawled
cautiously np within gunshot snd be
fore firing watched the curious ores ture.
I was astonished to see a liittle plover
settle on hts ugly head sod began ta
pick, pick, pick among the big brutes
scales. Thought I, 'My little fellow,
you will be snapped 'up by those cruol
jaws for your impertinence.' Presently
the plover got aronnd to the alligator't
nose, still picking, picking, snd the big
jaws began to open slowly. They
opened about a foot and to my surprise
the little plover walked right inside
and began to pick more vigorously than
ever among the horrid teeth. I laughed
bo that the alligator took alarm and
waded Into deep water; not without
holding his jaws open long enough
however, for the plover to come out ol
his mouth and fly away.
I afterward learned that this speclei
of plover greedily eata the water leechei
which fasten on the alligator s gumi
and other pests which burrow under
his scales, and the big lizard will not
hurt the bird so usefull to him.
My third alligator I shot dead and 1
had the pleasure -of skinning him. I
learned then how the brute can bold his
mouth wide open under water, wtthoul
letting anything go down his throat oi
windpipe. There is a valve in the back
of its mouth which can be made to shut
off tho mouth completely from th
throat nnd as the upper jaws lift up
ward and tho nostrils are on top, ss I
said before, the creature can breathe
without showing anything above water,
but the tip of his nose.
Everybody kuows that an alllgatoi
is well supplied with teeth, but few
know that the baby alligator is bora
with all iU teeth In place. They art
conical on top and hollow at the base.
The new ones come up and shove then
conic al tops Into the hollow base of the
old ones, gradually forcing them out
This shedding and renewing of teeth
goes on all Its life. Moreover ' a baby
alligator probably grows more, In pro
portion, than any other animal. It
comes out of a shell no bigger than
goose egg. From the start it has tc
fear the cannibalistio appetite of its
father. It is a curious fact that h
ancient ancestors had the same trick,
for In the fossilized bodies of the male
plcsiosaurus have been isund the fos
silized fragments of baby plcsiosauri,
"My fourth and last alligator I cap
tured alive with the aid of a daring ne
gro hunter. Hy means of a squealing,
hungry little pig tied to a tree a short
Way from the river bank we enticed
fine, medium-sized alligator to crawl np
the bank andn little way into the grass
after the succulent porker. Then we
got between him and the river, and
with a singular boldness snd agility my
hunting companion jumped astride the
back of the scaly beast snd, bending
down, grasped one of its short forelegs
In each hand, and by main strength
dragged them back and yanked them
upon the alligators back; for all the
world like crossing a man's armsbehind
him. In this undignified position the
alligator fell forward on its belly and
throat, and could only lash Its tail about
in impotent rage. It was not hard to
tie it up after that, bnt it seemed to me
a dangerous way to 'monkey' with a
'gator." S. Y. Tribune. .
-Why haven't you been pro
a higher grade long before
Little Tommy I guess It's 'cause th'
teacher I've had so long doesn't want to
lose me. Good News.
Father-t"Evsrytliing I say to you
goes In one one ear and out at the oth
er." Little Son (thoughtfully) "Is
thai, what little bovs has two ears for.
A frtwsltrr Trib Ti ik 1
la ta tjtnn.
A deep ravin cult;;- in t 1
sngles to the liaco. b ,ui
Mexico closed our wav to 1' r
w ascended the winding tr.. !,
when w had worked our war u
stern bank some two or t'.r, i- 1 .'
r ' I
feet a favorable ex t ri i
scrubby olues gave m en ruit.'v
to look straight across t!.; px-ta-esqu
ravin, and was surprised to se, oa tha
other bank, which sermi?d ever more
precipitous than the one on hi h I
stood, a deep eav walled up in front
nearly to the top, and evidently indi
cating cave-or-cliil -dwellers. ,,Mv first
thought wa that the curious K-,(-:tv,:,'n
la front of me belonged to t' i- of
similar baildlngs in Arizona- ' N'v
Mexico, whk'h the best auth-wi r ton
signs to a very old period. W.th roe,
however, wss a Mexican ''
man who said mat in cave .waa
Inhabited, but as the occupants
wer extremely timui, pnumniv
we would not be able to see them with
out forcing an entrance Into tnnir
Strang home. " He believed thst most
of them were Inside peepmg at ns over
th rude walls ani around the very di
lapidated animal's hide that served to
loM tb door. Th esve wa not over
two hundred yards away, and, with the
aid of our field-glasses, w oou Id plainly
make out its detail.
M y Impressione led me to the theory
that these wore vagabond Individ ualaof
th local Indian tribes who were oecu
nying this old cave-dwelling In the
cliffs, much m we se the corresponding
elaas with ns occasionally occupying
dugouts, shsntles built into the side
hills, and even eaves around the sub
urbs of towns, But one of the Mex
icans, who argued against forcible
Intrusion into the home of these ;
eople, said that we would find a great
number of them further on m the deep
recesses of the Sierra Madre range, and
that among so many wa would have
good opportunitlee of Seeing them to
better advantage than . we possibly
could here.. My Mexican friend was
born and reared in this part of Chi
huahua; his father and unci owned
one of the largest and richest mining
districts in that portion of the Siernt
Madre toward which our course waa ,
directed, and to reach which he at
tached himself to our party fur a couple
of days, when our paths separated.
ills business called for almost constant
traveling In these parts. He placed
the number of living cliff and esve-
dwellers in this part of Mexico at from
nine thousand to twelve thousand per
sons. We afterward saw from thre
hundred to five hundred of them, whirh,
considering their great timidity and
th small part of their land traversed
by us, would give an air of reasonable
ness to the estimate of Don Augustin
Becerra, for such was my friend's nsme.
Even a we stood on the edge of the
cliff opposite this singular home, we
saw an Indian In the canyon far below.
II appeared to b wearing only a
breeeh-clont of animal skins; he car
ried long bow and arrows. He looked
almost as dark as a Guinea negro ss he
skirted the shadows of the canyon, and
his hair was long. A rattling of the
falling chips of shale drew his atten
tion to us, when he at once skulked be-,
hind a big bowlder at the base of th,
cliff, and we saw him no more. Fred
erick Schwatka, in Century. , . ,
Brlttoh Writers OhjMt to Our Labor-Savin;
Improvements I Orthofi-Bphr.
What do British writers mean when
they animadvert upon "American spell
ing?" So far as I have been able to dis- .
cover, the British journalists object to
certain minor labor-saving Improve
ments of American orthography, such
as the dropping of the k from almanack,
the omission of one g from waggon, and
the like; and they protest with denote
force, with all the strength that in them
lies, against the substitution of a single
1 for a double I In such words as trav- ,
eler, against the omission of the u from
such words as honour, against the
substitution of an s for a e in
such words as defence, and against
the transposing of the final two
letters in such words aa the theater.
The objection to "American spelling"
may lie deeper than I have hers sug
gested, and it may have a wider appli
cation; but I have done my best to
state It fully and fairly as I hsve de
duced it from a pslnful perusal of
many colums of exacerbated British
Now if I have succeeded in stating
honestly the extent of the British
journalistic objections to "American
spelling," the unprejudiced reader may
be moved to ask: "Is this all? Are
these few and slight and unimportant
ehanges the cause of this mighty
commotion?" One may agree with
Salnte-Beuv In thinking that "or
thography is the beginning of litera
ture," without discovering in these
modifications from the Johnsonian
canon any eanae for extreme disgust.
And since I have quoted Sainte-Beiivtt
once, I venture to cite him sr'n. "t
to take from th same letter of March
15, 1887, his snggestion thst "if we
write mors correctly, let it be to ex
press especially honest feelings and
Just thoughts." '
Feelings may be honest, though they
re violent, but irritation is not the
best frame of mind for just thinking.
The tenacity with which some of the
newspapers of London are wont to de
fend the accepted British orthosr.
raphy Is perhaps due rather to feel
ing than to thought. Lowell
told - us that aesthetic hatred
burnt nowadays with as fierce a Same
aa ever once theological hatred; and any
America who chuces to note the force
and the fervor and the freqnency of tbe
objurgations against "American spell
ing" in th columns of the Saturd.iv Re
view, for example, snd of the Aihe
nanum, may find himself wondering as
to the date of the papal bull which de
clared th Infallibility of contemporary
British orthography, and aa to the place
where the council of the church was
held at which Jt was made an art icle of
faith. Braudr Matthews, in Harper's
Joo was optimistic. U he hadn't been
be would hm lost th wildcat's boas
wn, rarwer's Vetotw.., rw.
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