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au I J 1 VOL. XXXII. 1E2 KorrsEFj? fluuiia j kiliihis evert rmiT tomux -aUT"! r. . . t ags-i, TBRlfli - rocni-no as yes'. ' sivaac H MB"1 ...w, M ABTTanSIktKTa, (Sat rostra, first lMrtlo ..Jl aj Am tiiii, eaoa subsequeatlaitr- M Qiarterly, half yearly aa yearly a. ts.-iitemfaU etJitraoted tat al lovoa istts. Professleasl oards not xoctitu taa. Uses for ens mi, (is. AnnouselEg CA&dtdates (or State at Biitlct cfflces, !5; lor Couaiy effloea, 10; for Huparviaors dlatricia, , la aV nre. afsrrtaras aai teaiaa abllst4 a CARDS-PROFESSIONAL. I to. nn GEO. F. WEBB, Attorney at Law, OfSosla lb Butler Baildlasj, UVarty, iauta Ceaaty, UUa. 11-C-W D. C BR AM LETT, TOODTILLB, HII& Will practice la all vSe Ooart ( Aoite and adjoining oouaUea,aa4ia tad puprema umri a jacicsoa. 1-fL theo. Mcknight, Attorney at Law, UUMIT, HISS. niu prsoiice la all tha Ooirta ci Tike and adjoining counties, ant la tba Euprama and Federal Ceurti at tsonioa. J. R. GALTNEY, Attorney at Law, I LIBERTY, MI89. all Mtstnesg bob filed to ala ear, will aiealra prompt UteLtioa. E. H. RATCLIFP, Attorney at Law, GLOSTEE, HISflL win jmatft la all tk Oana e4 aute and adjoin.. 13 oosaUoa Best la tat) fw wwirt at Jaeaaoa. U-Ml t fl. RATitipr, ' Uloster, Miss. W. II. Wilkinson, Uloster, Ulsg. FF & Attorneys'OtLavv LIBERTY. MISS. Jill practical, altttie courts of Amltt ajDiniBir counting and In tha 811. rn voarc at Jaekaoc. WILL A. PARSONS, Attorneyat-Law, Jl "uaitK, tsii MISSISSIPPI. Will practice In tba courta of Ainitt Ml adjoining counties, in both criminal Wl oWll cases, and in the Suprenii Court Office in the roar of Ratcliff's drugstore, .1!. -JJ t m t. Louis, MlstMUti. . Mcdowell, i : Anatt, mite County, Illaa. HOTEL And Livery Stable LIBERTY, AIISS. andersigned begs to announce the ia bow prepared to receive , er nd entertain the traveling '"Wo- i'are he best the narket af. Ma. She Is also' prepared to meet tha ""it of the public, in the way of feed ?f tWini and grooming stock which v do cntr jstod to her care. Chattel enable. Give ma a trial. HRS. y. y, WEBB. . , l . . . aa ..in 1 m PAPER 13 ON FILE CHICAGO : KB NEW YORK CORNERS. "Not hj- aapointment do ir jneet DUIsht and Joy; ihty heed not our f ipuncy; iSui round some corner In th trfti 0t Ufa They, on a sudden, -iHS4i us with a smile." AMONG otler passengers alighting from the traiu was a tall, dark- i-uuiinexioneu gcutlfuian and a short, ihuoby child, holdings fust hia free baud, also a mite of a blue parasol. From the geacltmau'a other hand tnutij a traveling coand an umbrel la. The aun na yt high and its rays Urnino;. It Lad ben a breathless day, and although the station sat mi the out skirts of Voodvil, fiatiked by hay fleld and fsoiug a meadow, the only oilur atloat seemed that of plank and luint. A new sidewalk was being-laid, also the station plat fortu Vi rs undergo ing repairs; but lkiols, the village jauk-of-alWrndts," loncgvd beneath a big chestnut tree whose leaves hung yellow and limp on dry twigs. "Ian you dirett me to the Locurt XestV th tall gentleman asked this lounger. 'You can't misa it; it hides in the lo cust wood; the 'bus stands around here," and scrambling to his feet the speaker led the way to a low, narrow, icpeiiaut, vehicle willed the child re,- tusL-u io enter, "IU considerable loose in the Joints, c miss, out "twin carrv vou safe enougn. Uood land, no! 'tisn't hearse 1" lney rumbled over a bnig. turned uiiuincr comer, rounded the illoge tHuaie, Mru K into the Jlooney rond, asceiKica g lull, hultlnjron Its shoulder iwiorc a winginf while gate through which a wni)iii had just passed. The house nas deliohtfullv lr. Cyrus Flint and little daughter ex- uiangeil words of approval as thevwent up the gravelly path leading to the great door. Largeness seemed ull about them "thes cfamped-vp tity folks," and the 'bu driver who had run with a message to the back door, added. In parting! "Your nest must be getting ri)jht full; five lost week nnd two to night. 1 He w as addressing Catty, the cook, w hom Itools was courting. Two front rooms d!! the tipper haft were assigned to the doctor, one of xhich jutted over the side veranda and was- called the balcony chamber. In at the open window the locust branches peered, and above, almost within reach, swayed an oriole's uest. A large waxen doll sat in a chair and a child's cot stood in one corner. The little girl entered the chamber to look about, lay ing tho blue silk parasol on the table while she removed her hat and pushed back her damp, tumbled hair. The wee cot with its spotless draperies drew her instantly. "See, father, this board ing house lady must have known I was rather small. Jf your room Is as pretty us mine is let us live here for a long time." A few hours later, refreshed, retoned,, restored, the doctor and (iirlie went be low nni met. the boarders assembling fur dinner. When Mrs. Winters herself approached the doctor started slightly. Only Girlie noticed the tremor and lightened her wee warm clasp of his big hand and looked up. A lady, a very small lady, was looking down. The very tip top of this lady'scomb reached her fu Diet's elbow. Bending to the child, she said, with 11 winning pmile: "1 hope that w e shall become very good friends." ".Perhaps we may," replied Girlie, with her most captivating nod and smile, for she was greatly pleased with every detail of her surroundings. After dinner there followed an evening full of chat, song and music. Kaeh of the company seemed to have forgotten how high the thermometer was running. When the doctor left the circle that evening Mrs. Winters again bent down to his little daughter and kissed her. Good night!" returned the child. "I shall dream of the angels all night," nd her father added: "She is In love with the couch, you see." The next day the inmates of the nest betook themselves to wood and stream, and a few went in the down 'bus to the station, where 15 fresh-air children were looked for, Tiomes among1 villagers and farmery awaiting them. Mrs. Winters also went down nnd sat in her phaeton with the doctor's daugh ter beside her when the train pulled up. The children were handed out, each with a tag attached to his or her left shoulder. liools, bring me two of them, will you? Prof. Fix Eooney road?" Bools stood at the Shetland's head, but moved off at this word toward the newcomers, returning soon with the oldest and the youngest of the group. Pic addressed Jilmsen to me roau, but just here the doctor on hl new mare and his dog leaping before him rode by, wheeled and trotted back to the phaeton. "Oh, good morning!" as he lifted Girlie to his saddle, and pony and sorrel moved along together. "I confess, doctor, I stole your daugh ter. These boys are tagged tor my cous in, who lives a half mile above the Nest," Is vour pony a good traveler? lhcse storm clouds are rolling up rapidly." "Yes, very good; what a bark that dog has!" "Soul-stirring, is it?" The speaker smiled, touched his hat and tlie sorrel darted ahead, whereat Pie shook him self nnd quickened his pace, isy ten dock the storm was raging tnrougn h. town. Two churches were sirucn by lightning, also chimneys and win. dow glass about the square sunereo considerably, isrlffnt ana eany lowing morning Bools was up to 6ee Cathy, ih c0- 1500,8 ?(nera"y 010 bring the village Duageis, uui- i morning much turned on his tale, for had not a matter of two inches or to- LIBERTY, MISSISSIPPI, FRIDAY," JANUARY 23, 1893. imr B ma -uc.nocisisteeple.hehl h h.arts a,art . ' . '"vrr, it more? It was as. untwr.jf WW unbridgeable, bv dint oroamg over and cherishing, thi tnlimfr matter had 1 the elements had arbitrated. Mr. f 00& announced his finale at the breakfast tablet 'Thark the gods and (Traces ts are even at last; faithful Bools nw warm-hearted Cathy can consclen tiously wed." After this outbreak the weather re- umeo me even tenor of its wav; charm ing days rolled by, bn so much like the .rther that few Called them singly to account. LoctnU Nest stood in the midst of a dreamy old garden and Ihe hum of bee and the drone of. insect sounded by the hour. The doctor' child, when she was Bot haunting the .u.in ana window ledges of the de lightsome M mt Itself, haunted this garden. She started out of nook 01 by path, taking fTs. Winters often un ares, ana always with a book in nana. Mrs. Winters, llkinir to null t,. herself and to "fuss" amotur her ve tables, stood one day under an apple ..re surveying ner store, when a some '""'It oroppeu irom the gnarled branches above. "Mercy, child, where were you? Why do you always have mat oook .' ..oi viat oook, It Is anothv-r, rather and Ithink schools "Me, so I study by myself. I learn all over Just what I wish to. and everv FH. day evening father and I visit together 'u i ten mm wnat 1 do not know. Y'ou see when people have not got min-h out each other they think a good deal 01 turn otner. rolks say I have lo my mother, but father said that I a not real well acquainted with anybody v.... ..1.11 , ' ""' nurse, wno looks like your Cathy, and father; we cannot stay'here mucn ranger now; I thought I would tell you. We like corners; you always nun something nice around a corner: the city is full of corners, so I think we will go away soon," and blus eyeJ met blue eyes. At that Instant the thud of hoofs was heard, and away down tile drive and out Into the road, ran the child. Mrs. Winters hastened into her kitchen. That evening closed In early run of darkness and storm. IlenVeu and earth seincd to shuke beneath the mighty tread of Its approach. Llc-ht nlng cut the aJr, thunder rolled; the creek a quarter mile above the Xest rose defiantly so that fording was made Impossible, and the bridge mlgiht easily be missed In such a night. Girlie, who had been studying tip thunderstorms of late, desired her father to neither stand nor to run if ever caught by one, tall, pointed objects bcingfiuemarks." several persons watched from windows the Increasing gloom and fury without w hen dinner was called, but scarcely were they seated at table when the waitress appeared at her mistress' cl bow. The school-teacher at the pro fessor's was very 111; no doctor to be found'. Would lr. Flint accompany the messenger? Girlie uttered an Involuntary "Oh! Mrs. Winters not a word nor even raised her eyes. Cyrus Flint rose nnd strode from the room. He reappeared be capped and becloakpd and opened the outer door, liools was there with two hcrses and a lantern, under whose red glower glistened the coats of rider and horse. A fierce gust of wind met him, but he made his way out "Father!" the doctor bent from his saddle; "hold this high and sit low," and the little figure stood on its tip toes and reached up a smIl sunshade that precious blue silk parasol sacri ficed by a warm little heart to elec tric greed, confident, that surrounding that beloved head It would' be quite 'tall" enough and "pointed" enough to avert attack, "llless vou, sweetheart! Take her In," he cried; but Cathy's arms were already about her and she was carried in while her father rode away into the wild night. The chlme-like Stroke of the great clock was telling 11 when a violent knock came on the kitchen door and Boola' voice was heard. Cathy set the door ajar when Bools pushed It open and entered, followed by neighboring farmhands bearing a rude litter upon w hich was stretched a form whose gar ments, as did those of the other men, dripped water wnich trickled right and left, over the polished floor. The oook wrung her hands. "Ob, myl Oh, myl Is he killed er drowned that you fetch him on a raft, iind his fatherless babe above stairs. Oh, myl Oh, myl" "nint: Where's the lady?" But Mrs, Winter, her fiyes wide and full of ajarm, already stood on a threshold beckoliing. "Bring him this way Into the hHroora, and do you, Bools, watch aJI the trains and cntoh the first doc tor tflto cornea." Then she and Cathy worked over the injured man until day breast, with' which came Bools and Dr. Hale. Lr.te In the afternoon Ir. Flint wak ened, conscious and observant. An anx ious face was bending over him, and btfore its owner could w-ithdraw the Jioctor grasped two email hands. "Iteta! My Keta! Iseesilnow. Some thing has shadowed me persistently niace the night I arrived. For two ysars I have dreamed of you by night and searched for you by day. Reta! my wife!" Mrs, Winters Flint sobbed as she hid her face on his arm. "I went directly to Paris where I caime to myself and solemnly abjured my base vanity. I did Indeed! Uncle Cook returned with me in the fall and we have been here ever since. I, wilt ing and watching for my husband, foi I koew hft would also return sooner or later to flnd me. Oh, Cyrus, it was my pjide, not y heart, which went astray infy false pride, but I renounced it; long-ago!" . "80 round this 'corner In their -streets 01 They, on a sudden, clasped thft w.ita'a fs -Banner OjCfijld. .unhand (tin U tie publlo school. . --.-. Advantages for Education Avail ablo la tha lianas. 1 rm Crops Tkat Caa D. Croni lrof ilabl7 UrsrrlixloB at th Ittai. tf Uraatlfal Hural Itcearrr. Special Sai r'ranoico Lcuer ) Much us has been ritteu concerning Hawaiian scenery, it Is a subject ubout which literature cau never be exhr.tict fd. 1'e.ople of all nations and all cli uiatea .are still continuous in their praise of the tropical verdure and iceuery that cau be found iu the midst of .the Pacific oceau.Tbere has been ics'deifl iu the islHltTtot'iamT tlure a Scotchman Mr. Churles II. Ewart, of Dalbeattie, Scotland whose soul was moved by the beautiful vision which he describes in the following poetic language: "We are Iu an amphitheater 3f mountains rising to an altitude of 3,1X0 and 4,000 feet, wilh a glowing raiUient of leaf and blussom from base to summit, save in spots, where the red earth peeps through the radiant cur tain, as a foil to the flames of iridescent greens, and the fire of the blossoms that have enfolded the kills lu their hlnhig embrace. Here and there a pinnacle, where no plant has found grace to grow, stands out a purple sil houette against the soft blueof a topaz tinted sky. Caves and Assures are cleft In the steeps of these mountain walls, and torn from the nearly perpendicular cliffs which surround It, alone and apart. Stands a pillar of stone 20 yards wide at the base, nearly 1,000 feet iiliih. and pointing 'Godward through the blue, like the spire of some mighty cathedral. This monolith, carved and fashioned by some bygone convulsion of nature when the bills 'glared at heaven through folds of fiery bnlr, Is wathed in a glorious garment of green A CHARMING BIT OF aud gold, chequered with the rose and the azure of the bells of the convolvoli, that dangle from the cordon of vines that engird it." The valley In the enrly morning may be clear of mists, and a soft mountain breeze murmuring above the folinge, but at times it is filled with the noise less ebbing nnd flow ing of while vnpor borne iu from the sen, nnd out of this shimmering seu of mist (lie towers and minarets of the mountuiiisanseclothed with mosses and ferns, and draped w ith garlands of eddying vines, that cover the faces of the cliffs, and droop over the edges of giddy precipices in "cat nracts of bloom," till they are swal lowed up in tho "white mists that choke the vale, and blot the sides of he bewildered hills." Although sugar cane Is indigenous In Hawaii, Utile attcuipt was made to ward Its cultivation until 18.15, when a plantation was started at Kauai, aud several sugar mills were built. These mills were worked by the aid of mules nd oxen, and the process was slow and laborious. What a contrast to the mills of the present day, where the cane is taken and made into crystals of sugar. There Is no royal road to wealth in Hawaii, and anyone who anticipates such a condition had better slay away No man can go blindfolded and pick up do'lnrs in the streets, but no coun try offers a better opportunity and final reward for honest, earnest and constant labor. Especially Is this true n the coffee industry. The pretty homes nnd coffee areas of Olaa are nn evidence of this. Butter is selling in nilo at one dollar roll. It is quoted in San Francisco at 10 cents to 24 cents a pound. There every field Is as dry as a bone. In Ha waii every field is perpetually green. The dairy business offers a much bet- er opening than any line of merchan dising. And as a by-product to the dairy, hogs will pay magnificently. Pork is retailing at 25 cents a pound. The advertising columns of the local papers tell a curious story of the strancely backward condition of some of the smaller industries. Ex-Australia: reaches, plums, oranges, apples, grapes, nectarines, lemons, celery, cauliflow ers, potatoes, cheese, roll butter, crab annles. aulnces. onions. jnese are; imported from a countryiiiyer XbWf iUJies uin.aub. U Kj . . - 1 The Hawaiian inspectoifefal ,oP schools, Mr. Henry JSchil!ciownend, speaking of the education system of fh Island. ftnvs that ther rfomiln Mnn -Of the Hawaiian islands ki small and Llhe school system is necessarily small. The total population exceeds 100,000 lightly, of which 14,000 were attend- H .nhAnl h nl nf Inat ..... Fifty-si per cent, of alt the children attending school at that time sere of native Hawaiian desceat, and ii jwr cent. trt Portuguese. The remain ing 19 per rent, represent a targe num ber of tiatioualitiea. Tbe tnglish language is piactically the only language J a means of com munication or instruction ia tht Ha waiian schools. And here lies the dif ficulty of the work. Just imagine the teachers of California trying lo teach tbe children of that state through tha Arabic language. Yet English is prob ably as difficult for the children of Hawaii ps Arabic for those of Cali fornia. History, literature, natural science and even arithmetic must be taught under great difflcultiea. Edu cative instruction under these condi tions is a well-nigh unsolved problem, ttut toadition ara fapt(jir changing; The English language la coming Into use as a means of communication among the graduates of the common schools, many of whom have no other luuguage in common. Thus it is creep ing into the tiomes of the people even. When the children learn even cruda English from their mothers, the teach er's tasks will be much simplified. . For many years there have been schools in Honolulu and Ililo especial ly adapted to the needs pi thi children of English-speaking parents. Lately similar schools have been opened in a number of other localities, and still others will be opened shortly. These are nut essentially different from schools of similar grade in America. A regular publla high school la In progress of organization in Honolulu, the greater number of the departments being already In working order. The endowed institution known us Oahu college has long offered full prepara tion for any college in America, and many of Its graduates have entered leading American colleges on advanced standing. Hut the English-speaking children do not enjoy a monopoly of tbe prlvil- HAWAIIAN SCENERY. eges of educaliop beyond the common school course. The Kameliaiiieha schools, with their magnificent equip ment and no less magnificent endow ment, are open to those of native Ha waiian blood, and to no others. Manual training and industrial education are leading features of these schools, and few similar schools in America are so well equipped for work on these lines. The natives are very fond of music. The guitar, on account of the softness of its tone, is their favorite instrument. The royal Hawaiian band, which a few years ago made a tour through the United States, wus composed of native llawaiians, all of whom were accom plished muslciana. red FANTON. PYGMIES IN AFRICA. Tliej-Are Found In the Mrsterlons He. Uioni of tbe luper Nile. It is no longer possible to class as myths the pygmies of whom the poet of the Iliad speaks in his stories of their wars with the storks. They are found in tbe mysterious regions of the Upper Nile. The autique literature of Greece has achieved a brilliant triumph. Stan ley revealed the existence of the lit tle creatures. At first they attracted the attention only of a small number of anthropologists, who began Investi gations concerning the dwarfs. Now they have become interesting lo all. ft is believed that tbe Wanibouttis of tbe dark coutinent are brothers of the Accas of the Butouas, who live in tbe shadows of the Mountains of tbe Moon, and of the bushmen of Cape Colony. By mingling with other tribes, the lat ter have added to their stature. Cousius have been discovered in other portions of the earth. Dr. Ernst Uneckel, pro fessor of the University of Jena, writ ing of the primitive inhabitants of Cey- icn, shows points of affinity between the last survivors of tbe Wcddas in tbe forests of the "Island of Paradise" and the dwarfs recently discovered in Afri ca. Investigations undertaken in the neighborhood of Schaft'house, 600 years ago, have led to the discovery of skele tons of five fossil pygmies. Prof. Heeoa ner says it is impossible to deny that a race of dwarfs existed in Europe dur ing the second half of the ston age, or neolithic period. The African pyg- ies are superior to tbe vYeddas iu ia- tvlHgence, but inferior in virtues. A Cool Hand at the Game. Bystonder-I suppose we cannot con ceive how cold it is up in the Klondike geld fields. I don't suppose you did much in the winter except play poker. L Keturned Miner Play pokerl Mis ter, the frost would break the jack pots ss soon as the first ante wag made. Jf, v. Truth, , ... "-V- HI rjenK v , tM FARM AND GARDEN. TRACTIVE FORCE TESTS, Ur.l.taare ( Hug tarfaeea MrU-nrt-U br taa Tvactosraplu Traction may be defiued as the re sistance which a stationary body of fers motion, or the force requiced to move a given weight on a given .urtace. It is found that the resistance offered by different, surfaces varies consider ably, and consequently the forcj re quired to impart motion to bodies on them varies likewise. Experiments to determine the force of traction on dif ferent surfaces have been made from tiins to time, during the last 60 years, tbe latest kt'rs those conducted by the road Inquiry office of tbe department of Iu order to secure a cnt.nuous rec ord as well as a measure of the tractive fire! an apparatus called a tracto gTaph, air.ltiil to make a graphic record, was attache to a loaded wagon which was driven ovef different surfaces and gradients. These tests gave the following results: The force of trcction Is not constant, but varies with the character of the road at any given instant, being most uniform, on the smoothest surfaces. and constantly increasing the varia tions as the roughness of the road in. creasei tlntll it .. becomes merely j quick succession of violent pulls. A team is-thus subjected to a continents jerking motion, which greatly In creases the fatigue caused by the sim ple pull necessary to move a load. On asphalt the variation of traction ia very small; on smooth macadam it is some what more, and on an ordinary dirt road It is seved or eight times as great as on macadam. If the dirt road be actually bad the result Is practically a series of heavy blows tranemltted to the team through the collars, and these blows are. estimated to be doubly as fatiguing as a steady pull, even at tie maximum traction of the road. On a smooth road the traction itself is less, and Is comparatively constant, so that the pounding effect cn the team dis appears, thus enabling them to use th'ir whole strength in hauling much heavier loads with less power. The effect of tie vftrlstion of trac tion, due to irregularity of road surface Is analogous to the effect of vibration on bicycle rider. Every wheelman knows how vibration Increases as roads become rough; but, owing to pneumat ic tires, the comparason is not entlfely fair. Hide a pneumatic-tired wheel over a piece of poor macadam; then ride one with cushion tires and finally on with solid tires, and the enormous increase In vibration and greater difti- culty of propulsiqn will illustrate the changes in tractive force on teams go lug from good to poor roads. During the tests small mules eas ily drew over 6,000 pounds up a ten per cent, grade of smooth macadam, but were unable to pull the same load down a six per cent, grade of sand, though the indi cator showed that nearly double power was applied, and three-quarters of the load was removed before it could be started. A loaded wairon. with two- inch tires, drawn over a dirt road cut it into deep ruts, while the same load with four-inch tires only smoothed the surface, and it was found that the iraction on the road where the narrow (ires had been used was double what it was on the section where the wide tires were used. The tractive force for different road surfaces, expressed in terms of the number of pounds required to moveone ton, as found in these tests, is as fol lows: Tractive Force, rta. On poor asphalt 21 On Kood macadam 3 On poor block pavement 41 On best (travel 61 On cohblpstone rn On best clay !tf On loose sand S2C HOW ARE YOUR ROADS? Ask This Qne.llon llrforr Settling In a Kew Locality. In considering the features of any lo cation, whether for permanent resi dence, temporary sojourn or summer outing, there are many questions that are always asked, and on the replies to them depend tbe decision. It is In order to answer these inquiries In ad vance that prospectuses arc issued, at tractions advertised and summer-resort hand-books ure distributed. "What are your schools, churches and stores? Is society agreeable? Are surroundings elevated? Have you sew ers, gas, water and electric cars?" arc some of the questions asked before you can determine on a place of residence. "Is the bathing good? Have you fishing and boating, pleasant walks, shaded lawns and conveniences for out-of-door games? Is the table good?" and like inquiries are made before selecting a spot for summer recreation. To these must now be added another, which is often placed first In the list of interrogatories, no matter whether the lime is to be extended or very tran sient. How are your roads? It is not simply and alone that good roads are wanted for wheeling though that is an Important part of it but the progress iveness of any section is so readily shown by the way it maintains its high ways that people hesitate to go to any place In which the roads are neglect ed. The effect of better highways in bringing summer tourists is beginning to receive attention In the northern New England state and other parts of the country, and as soon as the nerve to the pocket ia touched rapid advances may be looked for. In the meantime, on Inquiring regarding any place, let the first question be: How are your roads? Ii. A. W. Bulletin and Good Roads. .' v ii ' Do not be frightened if your cows are large eaters, for it is a pretty sure indi cation that t.hey nave something of value to give you in return. All that you can induce the cow to eat and di gest, above that needed for support, will go directly to profit. Kurfcl World. NO. 42. STEAM IN THE DAIRY. It Br.t B.Ih.a ml Asslrlai Heat to It.rlllM Itenalla. The best method of applying heat to (lerijixe dairy utensils is by means ct steam.' VVhen''cenducted slowly inta large ovens or sterilizing rooms it fills all requirements of a bottle and glass ware sterilizer and if soma caution ia observed to eool slowly "very little breakage need be expected. Tin aad woodenware may. be treated ia a sim ilar way, but the quicker method is to place the ran or vessel over a jet of iteam anS'ffllow it to get the full bene fit of Its force for a short time, ' A very convenient' way- ta arrange this steam jet is shown in Fig. 1. which represeuta l steam jet Introduced into tha center of tbe draining Hoard of tha vasa sink. k'stwNsl awftfd tMkUJ iSAt ft mod erate slant toward the sink to carry oil TEAMINO TABLE AND SINK. the condensed steam. This arrange ment is very good for light work ia small quantity. A large number of eight-quart cans may be more rapidly treated by having a long sink with narrow draining board the wholu length of the back side provided with a row of steam jets the pipes of which ex tend upward a foot or ao above tha board in order that the cans may be placed above them and sterilized with out danger of falling over while others are being washed. If large 40-quart cana are to be handled I prefer a small table as repre sented In Fig. i. It should be about tyt steaming Table ron large can fet square, and a foot lo 18 inches iu height. The top should be galvanized iron. Have the outside the highest and let It slope toward the centeh where the drip is located. This had better be connected with the sewer, or at least pnss through the floor If you are so un fortunate as to have a board floor in yuur wash room. Near the center is the steam jet and tbe valve for operating it should be located at a height in the supply pipe to suit the operator. ThU sterilizing table is very convenient for steaming out not only 40-quar; cans, but also large separator bowls and even small churns and workers; iu fact, any tiling movable in or about th creamery. Orange Judd Farmer. STABLING DAIRY STOCK, A Practice Which Haa Paid Well Wherever Tried. There has been some controversy whether It was profitable to put stock In barns during the. feeding season. Many of our largett cattle feeders feed In open lots, but some of tbera feed ia bank barns, which in most cases is even worse than feeding In the open. I know of one breeder particularly who built a cellar barn at a coat of about $1,200, and It proved very unsatisfactory . Dur ing a rainy season the water would run continually into the barn and the result was that the cattle would stand almost knee deep in mud and water during the feeding season. We believe It is a good plan to stable stock just as soon as cold weather comes on and feed well; eepc daily Is this so with dairy stock. If the cows are cared for properly they will milk well -right along thrpugh the cold winter months, but if . they are fed scantily and are poorly boused they will not pay for even the food that is given them. The stable should be kept clean and well bedded. I tie up my cows In good strong stalls and furnish them with good food In box and manger, and keep them In these stalla until morning. .This la the best way that I have ever found for havim plump cows and good milkers right straight along during the year. Prai rie Farmer. i Apple Trees r Roadsides. The owner of land through which a highway rung Is also tha owner of tha land, and is entitled to make any use of it that will not interfere with tha right of the public to travel on It. It 1st not generally practicable for farmers to crop land beside the roadbed, though sometimes a patch of corn or potatoea beside a road not much used will giva paying crops. Perhaps the beat usa such land can be put to Is io plant It with apple treeg or other fruit trees, protecting tha young treeg while small from attacks of wandering stock. Iso lated trees planted -where they have plenty of room to spread and plenty of sunlight, often ylfeld more fruit than lo apple trees In closely planted or shards. American Cultivator, ?9 S- '