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r Xm iJS la Mi m VOL. XXXII. MUSHES EVERY FSJSAT atORSilH Txaifii tCIi-TJO Ciyss'. ! aiTssos .I t) avS'U W M niiir, (rat lnsert!o.........8l q aa iqttrt, saoa u'jjqiit issdr- Uos M Qtrtrlj, hiif yearly aal yearly a& IwUMBiBO contracts!1 tor at lae-ei HtH. ProhuloBU cirJi aot excetllaf tea UiMisr on year, 110. iaooandsf tsdldst for Btat llitlct cXoet, f 15; (or County offices, 10; (or SiipeMisori dlitxiou, IS, In lir tsacs. Mintsrof 1 4tstit fabllsBs4 u ewi. QARDS-PROFE89!ONAL, Eta. GEO. F. WEBB, Attorney at Law, OSosli ths Butlsr BnllIsj. UUttf, Imtt County, ill. 11-e-to' D. C. BRAULETT, WOODVILLE, U11&. Will practtc la all tk OMrtt 4 imite aaj adjoiningcountia, aad la ihl lapreaia Court at Jacksoa. 1-L THEO. McKNIQHT, Attornoy at Law, SU-JMIT, MISS. Will practict la all tb Ooarta fiki and tdjolnlnff couatlea, and Iha Stiprema aad Federal Couria Jiokioa. J. R. GALTNEY, Attorney at Law, LIBSRTT, MI8S. ill builneM r.on&ded to kit car will Noalre proas pt iitteutloa. E. H. RATCLIFF, Attorney at Law, GLOSTEB, Ifisa 1HU pnwtic la all ta Oia ) !ta and ijol,.i.if oouaUotac4 la & kfrasM Un;r J uiaoa. 1C t 11 ItAtiirr, Uloster, Misa. W. n. Vilkioo, Gloator, ilisa. Attorneysct-Law LIBEBTT. MISa Will practice In all tbe court of AmlU no adjolnlat; countloa and in ta So- r1"' war; at Juckucn. A. PARSONS, Attorneyat'Law, uositlt, I 1 i I MISSISSIPPI. Wilt practice In the courts of Ajilti W4 adjoininfj counties, in both criminal sl civil caaea, and in tho fiupreir wurt Office in therearof Eatcliffidruffitcra. t Louis, Missouri. B. McDOWELt, ! : Amite County, Miss. HOTEL And Livery Stable LIBERTY, MISS. it, ' nnBr,'snel begs to announce Inat she Is ow prepared to recoir, warders and entertain ibe traveling fnMic. l aro the best tho tnarkot af. fords. She ia alto prepared to mcot ths U of the publio In the way of feed- 'tsiollnif and grooming stock which y be cntr jated to her caro. Chattel Isasoaable. Give ms a trial. HRS. V. V. WEBB. THIS PAPER 19 ON FILfi CHICAGO H NEW YORK . -4TIMI omcts n- I N. felta Newsier Ca wiciYiu.-titS O- LONG AGO. C7" V ''i7i77hei)ir.. .... t-aii, unr jours, wa-;ni Her eyes Kv J;at , will tine a. I eor.fes, Je or s;itd- As these you raU so swUy , n;v uwn And you seem s.k.r.s v. tin !,. r y'ryc Ck. - .... -,Vk ' . "Kl """r;-a Hue l.n le shoe and her Was much the same I t trade di.k j-ou could not y,'lihut 'twas even-yes, a buckle, too. I us sue came u trie si;:;is iti an v.er to her name. Grandrnothe set. say you? Yes I v.i.i.juiuiner s pown refashioned, d f'r you? tar, If hut one hoi.r I your acaln eould he I d lend myself t. dan. e a measure, too As on a Christmas eve lung- years at;o I led the ball with one 1 used tu know What pr her miles and Wuehes! Ay, he's Think you he true? cannot wait this lover J.'or was I pleastd at any waiting, dear. When I was young and grandmother 'like you. Go, k t such greeting: as my heart still fives To her who ever In my memory lives. Mary Clarke Huntington, in Ladies' H..me Journal. -fy kuw ceojamm & vjs Lomisoa Was Cored. I g EY HELEN ELLZABETU WILSON. & B' i..J..Mi. l.OMISON, niotormiir. of street car No. , was a short, stout man with a full beard and rmklv com plcxiou; but lie bad none of the clicer fill good nature w l:i-h issiipposi'd toai coitipany a curpulrnt fi.'iirc. YYhrthr U was a strain of Saxon gloom or the Hardships ot ms ending, some cause impelled his lilack, bendy eves to twin Lie lnounifiilly in the midst of the signed and hopeless expression of bis fair-. His route took him to flic .suburban tirminus of tile street railway, am there were the numerous delays com tnon to a single track with a series of sult'-KWitclit'D. When these delays op. curred it was Ins custom to come into the cur and discourse in n gloomy limn net- upon whatever subject was at hand The daily passengers on this run were used to his ways, unci some one usually took the opposite side so that a chance for argument might not be lost; for what nui'i was ever known to resist such a temptation? The line was quite deny ocratic, and the sorrowful liintorma hail as antagonists n'.l sorts and eondi 1 ions of men, none of whom moved him from his deep-seated discontent with the universe. J he older passengers knew Ins views, and he knew theirs; so it was on the new and Inexperienced traveler that lie expended his darkest pessimism backed bv illustrations from bis own experience. Such an one wns ("lmrles Knight, fur niture dealer and cabinet maker, newly (nine to J.iiKicn and established on a prominent street; prepared to sell all kinds of fnrnit lire mid also to repair or make the sa me, If so desired. All his hopes and plans were fully shared by young nr.d pretty Mrs. Knight, and, in n less degree, by their small daughter. whose three-year-old interest was large 1' conliiied to making piayliouse among the furniture. The tirocess of getting established, even in a modest way in a modest, i:!i.l-fashioued suburb. rfnuired frequent trip; to the city ; and en some of these Mr. Knight was lie companied by Ms wife and child. The niilri.t liaim'ness of the family was noted by the observant Ileiijaiiiln, ami further increased (lie bitterness of his spirit and warmed him for mi encounter with the innocent and unsuspecting furniture dealer. It was on a sultry day in July that he began the campaign. The car stood on the bridge switch with the prospectof a long delay. The rails shon" with n bright, hot glare and sent off a shim mrring hi at painful to the eyes. Mr. Knight noted w ith the satisfaction of n practical workman the neat woodwork and perfect appointments of the car, not thinking of the heat and the delay. Sealed in a corner Itenjnniiti look in the situation; here was n new man nnd a long wait, lie settled down nnd crossed his short legs and gazed down the track. '.'o matter how many trips T make over this road, I've always got lo wait," be began, sadly; "gain' or eomln', junc tion of ti rminus, tills car's always got to wait." I!y this time lie was looking directly at Mr. Knight, nnd as no one rcpneii. the young man fell into the trap with great ease and politeness. "That's too bad. Is there some difference in tbe cars?" he said, sympathetically. No, it jest seems as if it was so had to be so. Comes with the work; hard job, motorman; out in all kinds of weather and nil hours; stand on your leet constant, oniy mini "nt to wait. No exerei.se, nnd you get so r' ... . . i- losly you re a burden to yonrse.r. .mi rest' Sundays or holidays; never even get laid rIT for hard times anil sine work. Now w ith your tmsiness u uu- ferent, f s'pose. You have to lay oir, so to speak, many's the time. Hain't done much yet in Linden, have yon?" Ilv this time the other passengers were listening with more or less inter est, nnd they nearu .vie. ivoigni knowledge that business had not been ycry brisk so far. Benjamin went on gloomily nnd with relish: No, nor it won't be. as naru to pet custom here, ine j.rapes mis mc rttu of trade; they've been here for years and made money; but they have dertnkin' too. lou don t Dave mat. branch, do you?' The young man liumediy iiisciaimeu any Interest In the undertaking uum- IlCSS. Thnt's n n ly. It pays wen, nine yen get started; but I wouldn't try here. LIBERTY, MISSISSIPPI, FRIDAY, Ivrapea has everything their war, and pood reason (or it. It would teem iiatlirA fur n nuKn.. - .... ri, -uU in uirr 4 strcrtrer ir a ttmeral when they've been used to see the same man ilrhin' the hearse lord's they rati remember nr.J their Mtuer arore ihrm. It's h(irrowin? to man s leeliu s to think of hisself Dr any oi his friends beiu' laid away by -u.iprr; mi it would take a Ion while jest to et rij of that feeliuMo say notniu ot tlie inepericnee of youiiff man. i on re well out of it; but jou ii nae lull as hard work to ret start in furniture. I've known others to try. I wish you luck; but you can mark my words. Krape know s the tow and the town knows Krape." Arnd as the belated ear for which they hail been waiting nearej the switch, he went out and prasped the motor-orank with the air of a man who had put the urah.es on the career of a Personal foe. "Our friend Menu inclined to look on the dark side of things," said Mr. Knight, with a smile. ti... .. . , . "e man across i ne aisie leaned over, ln?m? his tin dkiner pail between ins Hands. "I've been going over this road every day for five years, nnd I have jet to sc the limo u lin l1.. .. T n : i .....v iiiu a.cii jjuiiiii-uu nasu complainiu or tryln" to discourage ji somebody. We all know Iten. He 5f! means Well, lien's as faithful . ... eight-day clock, but his grumble's as Middy as its tick. The gong sounded loudly as the Car riundeil a curve, and Mr. Knight rose and nodded gnod-by to his eompanlou This was the chief point on the route, and the transfer of passengers caused delay or several minutes. Among the crow it on the sidew alk w ere a happy faced woman, and a little girl dressed in w hite. One hamd clasped her mother' end the other excitedly waved a much berullled blue parasol." The little erea tore was dancing up and down Inn rap ture of delight and singing to herself : 1 ather is coming, dear father. Oh 1 can hardly wait. There he is, mother. Look at me, dear father. Oh, dear fa tlier!" Mr. Knight caught up his litt daughter in his arms for a moment, and then the three moved nway, tbe hus hand and wife talking quietly together, while the child dacced along lietween them, kissing and fondling her father's hand. Hie little Incident was not tin noticed by the crowd, and eveu the mo torman looked after the group without frnw utng. "I!y jingo:" laughed the man with the tin pail, slapping his knee, "if old Ik'iiny hain't clean forgot hlsself. He": smiliti at them knights like a C'hris- rin; and he s forgot to ring the gong. The next time the sad-eved Den in mi' had a chance at the new man. Mrs. Knight was with him, and the small Mary sat demurely between them. The ear stood on the switch as usual, and the motoruian occupied his corner. lie began with a heavy sigh, but stopped w hen he saw the child whisper, ing to her father. "Hint Is Mr. Lu tn i so n , Mary," taid Mr. Knight. .re you the man tnat nring mv father home?" she said, in a clear, sweet voice. i m going to watcli for you every day nnd wine mv hand. And the astonished llennv found himself speechless, nnd. smiling at the little maid, without a trace of gloom on his oiintenance. while she chatted away in her childish treble till the car moved After that It beianie a rommoin thing to see a small and excited figure rush out to Mr. Knight's gate nnd wave er chubby hand nt the motorman. Somehow the sight so warmed the gruff old fellow's heart that he often forgot to grumble for a whole trip. One day that winter came the supreme moment of transformation in his life. It was n brisrht afternoon In late De- ember, and t lie air wns full of Christ inas sights mud sounds. As car No. 8 ame round the curve nnd started down the slope, Bon saw a henp of something trugglmg on the track some distance ahead. He rang the gong loudly and put on the brake; but he knew the car could pot stop in time, and, to his hor ror, the struggling henp w as n little girl fallen mm hopelessly tangled in the rope of her sled, fhe women shrieked and id their facs, nnd the men groaned and swore under their breath. The old man on the platform rose tor the icroic. It ijjight mean death, but he bounded down the track like an nth- le, grasped the child nnd jumped side as the car grated by with a rnsp- g sound like the snnrl of am angry monster. The passengers crowded around, 1iut he had no eyes for any one but the child who was patting and kissing his big hand. I knew you wouldn't ran over me. Mr. Lomison," she said. "Will you take me home to my father?" And Iinnjnmin Lomison spent the rest of that day with the Knight family, laid off on full pay. As the weeks passed by it was ob- rved that his expression had changed. and tbe travelers "were no longer re galed by his gloom. "Well, Llenny, you seem to have for got how to grumble," said our friend of the tin pail one day. "Yes, I have," replied the motorman. "I tell you w hen a man has it given him to save such n child as little Mary Knight, he ain't no room to complain about notbin'. There's only one draw back," and the old mournful look stole over his face, "if her father had only took to tindertakin'. Ivrape's dead and it's pitch n payin' business. But you can't have everything." N'. Y. Inde pendent. Steamed Apple Pnddlnir. Line a mold with slices of bread and butter. Put in a layer of stewed npples. another layer cf bread and butter, an olher layer of apples, arnd so continue until you have the mold filled. Beat wo eggs: add a pint of milk; pour this over tbe bread and apple; steam for one hour, uud serve with a liquid puddinf sauce. Ladies' Home Journal. Some- one 1ms counted 1,423 charac ters In the 2i books Dickens wrote. HOW WOMEN ARE CRUEL. Tticr Er.ari(i Ike Pitiful Death f Dumb Ilulbrra. The follow ing concercirg one of the worst forms of cruelty to animals is taken from our Dumb Animals. That paper saj s: "We find iu the New York Journal of November 1 the following artiele in regard to 'XVrsian Baby Lambs' Fur, and very earnest letters.iu regard to the same from Mrs. John Sherman, wife of our secretary of state at Washington, Mrs. (ien. John A. Lcgaa, and Mrs. l'ev. Dr. Ilainsford. We are going to take vigorous measures to have this meas ure thoroughly investigated and see what, if anything, can be done in both Persia and America to prevent the ter rible wrong which our investigations may show." Sealskin has pone fltt. Tersian baby lamb has come In. Every woman with any pretension to "smart" dressing has a bit of Tersian baby lamb somew here about her dress. It is very expensive. A Tersian blouse of Persian baby lamb costs $3no, and it will wear de cently about two years. It is made from the skin of the un born lambs. The ewes are fed on cer tain foods which stimulate the sheen and delicacy of the fur, and then the ewe is killed and the little unborn lamb is skinned. Hie skin is not much big ger than the breadth of a pair of de cently sized hands. It is tin finest and most delicate fur in the world. It is so black that sable looks a rusty brown beside it, and it is so fine nnd so soft that the finest silk of the softest mu'.l looks coarse by con trast. The Journal has been asked to te!! the women of America the truth about that fad and what it means in agony and suffering to the harmless little creature. Women who woull not give pain to the slightest living thing are buying these pitiful little skins, nnd wearing them as calmly as if they were roses grown in a garden full of sunshine. To get the true delicacy nnd shim mer to the fur, so that every woman who sees it will know that it is gen uine "baby lamb," the poor little crea ture must be torn alive from its moth er. I he mother is killed afterw ard. Her skin does not shine so much, so she Is not the fashion. It takes at least 20 of these pitiful little skins to make even a short coat. They have to bp perfectly matched, so that the "crinkle" will run the same way, and that one side of the cont will not be more curly than the other. For one coat 40 miserable little nn- nils are made to suffer torture beyond human Imagining. For one collar four living creatures must die In hid eons agony Y"et, baby Iamb is the fashion ; nnd the gentlest women are rushing to buy it to adorn their daughters nnd make them beautiful, The furriers are displaying the tiny skins In their windows. It does not pay to ntnke them up, unless they are made to order, Kvery woman who buys nn inch of that skin knows w hat she Is doing, for the saleswoman hastens to tell her Hint It is "no imitation. It Is the renl thing the unborn lamb, torn from its moth er just as the fur is nt the liest.' Two women with the little silver cross of the King's Daughters pinned upon their gowns bought a baby lamb coat apiece up at a Fifth avenue shop the other day. And a woman who belongs to two so cletles for ethical culture and society for (he prevention of crvelty to nnl rnals bought 25 of the skins to make her daughter's skating dress pretty. 1 et there have been cynics who sny that women are inconsistent. N. i. Journal CLERGYMEN LONG-LIVED. Arcraa-ca lven by Inanrnnee Tallies for Various rrnfeaalon The figures collated by the life Insur ance companies in the United States and Knglnnd show tlint ns a rule cler gymen are long-lived. Physicians nnd scientists agree that among the etc ments w hich contribute to long life arc sobriety, regulnr hours, outdoor exer cise, some mental occupation, and above nil, serenity the quality which qualifies one for honorary membership of a Don t orry club. Clergymen, per haps, come nearer to complying with these conditions than do people In other walks of life. What Is known ns Neuville's table of professional men gave the following nveragcof the length of life in 1,000 cases taken for illustra. tion: Physicians, S2 years', lawyers, 54; merchants, 57; teachers, 5!); clergy. men, C6. The average life of sailors In those countries in which accurate rec ords are kept is 40 years, of mechanics 48, and of farmers 65, though the aver age for farmers is unduly high, perhaps, Long life among clergymen Is rather the rule than the exception. Cardinal Mertel (he is a Bohemian and occu pies at Home the office of vice chancel lor of the Sacred college) is 92; the pope is 87. Very liev. Henry Liddell, of Oxford, who died on January 19, was 87. Bishop Wilmcr is 81, and Bishop Williams, of Connecticut, Is 80. A French statistician some years ngo made the discovery, corroboration of which has been afforded in the United States cf Into years, that persons draw ing pensions live longer than those who don't. Vi'hnt is known among insur ance men as Kasper's table gives the percentage of persons of various pro fessions in England who reach the age of 70 years ns follows: Physicians, 24; teachers, 27; artists, 28; lawyers, 29; clerks, 32; soldier. 32; merchants, 33; farmers, 40; clergymen, 42. y. Y. Sun. Ham Pie, Make a crust tlbe same as for soda biscuit; line your dish; then put in a layer of potatoes, sliced thin, a lit .le peipper and salt to tasteand a bit of but ter; then a layer of hum; add con siderable water and you will havft a nice pic. Ladies' World, MARCH 25, 1893. FASHION'S MIRROR. So ana Sew Items l'carilif Drni for I he La J I r a. Large lace tics are in togue. both op ilr.y and evening toilets, and these are extremely becoming to women of every age ana type, The blouse bodice Is by do means uni versal on evening gowns. When vel vet is used a little pointed basque is liked, and some of these pointed bodices J are completely covj-ed with paillettes arranged to overlap one another, armor fashion. The newest frocks thow that one fea ture very plainly. Even the ornamenta tion of the cuffs has departed. Tb. very modish thing; Is to have only silk cable cord about the wrist, ending probably in a little scroll at tbe side. The severest walking sleeves are made for over the hand, and all sleeves are ima'l. It la quite the mode to have the sleeve of the handsomest gown en tity plain from shoulder to wrist. One of the latest models in silk petti coats is made with a graduated flounce much wider at the back than in front. and fitted on a yoke just over the bips. But the real novelty is In the bustle, made by gathering the top of the back breadth into a sort of pouch lined with hair-cloth. This little affair Is Inno- i cent enough in appearance now, but It has a significance as a forerunner which conjures up all sorts of visions of a very assertive counterpart that may come later. llose-colored silk or satin waists are very fashionably worn this winter wilh skirts of black velvet, brocade or satin and occasionally they are 6een with s-kirts of dark green corded silk. These wa'sts are, as a rule, very much trimmed with handsome lace, but tbe garniture is cft.n of velvet matching the skirt, with the rich addition of fur bands uud beaded passementerie. Another one of the latest winter fur wraps shews a conibinatu,r r.f two kinds of fur. Astrakhan ji made tip with tnoulllon, Mongolian lamb, otter, ermine or chinchilla. All kinds of brown furs nre combined with sealskin, and black astrakhan is seen with gray trimming. A caracul coat for an ultra fashionable woman was liued with tiger skin. Yokes nnd guimpes of every shape, color and fabric ore in fashion. l!e uiiies being a very dressy addition to the toilet, they are must useful in transforming a half-low, rounding or Pompadour bodice into one appropri ate for any daytime dress occasion. Many of the silk petticoats this sea con are lined with a fine, thin quality of outing clulh or albatross, to make them comfortable for cold-weather wear. Hussar style of jackets are noted In the newest of the cloth gowns. Short basques nre nlso noted, and by some these nre supposed to presage the downfall of tho blouse. A style only recently put otie side is said to be com ing back he round waist w ith a blouse front. Fitted waists for street suits nre prophesied by an authority. The newest models of capes and cloaks seen In Paris have the fronts curving from the throat to the back, instead of falling straight, and mak ing a right angle with the lower edge. The curve is not accentuated to the d.grec where the back would be much longer than the sides. The style is pretty, and will be much In evidence for early spring. Straps of braid terminate on many costumes with the oddition of tiny hue ks or fancy buttons, nnd tailor vests fasten with the latter trimming. The necessary button is small, but the one for ornament only is rather large. In these, ns in gimps and buckles, cut steel, jet nnd jeweled designs outnum ber all others. Light, tissue materials In medium qualities will be in demand another ea sen. Chi (Tons, gauzes, nets, Liberty silk and mousselines in endless variety of coloring will soon be seen in the stores, and for evening wear will prove both satisfactory and stylish. Velour gros grain is a new silk high Iy recommended for skirts. It Is very rich and soft, with a finish like velvet. Boston Budget. Proper Treatment of Froaen Plants. As soon ns discovered remove the frosted plants to o cool place where the temperature can by some means be gradually raised until it readies that to which the plants have been accus tomed. A sudden rise in the temper ature, after plants have been badly frosted, thaws them too rapidly and results disastrously. Trim off the ten der shoots which are beyond help, and then gradually raise the temperature during the day uutil It reaches the ac customed mark. They may then soon be placed in their proper places, but it might be well to shade them for n day or two from the sun. A splendid and effective protectiou against a certain amount of cold Is secured by placing over the plants cones made from paper. In this manner cold drafts from about windows on very severe windy nights can be kept from harming the plants. Woman's Home Companion. New Frllla In Vosoe. Bayaderes are in high favor this sea son, and w ill be seen in the spring nov elties and lightweight goods, such aa mousselines, gauzes, satin umd chiffon. Brocade and Jnequard weaves are held In popular memory mther than pres ent favor. The demand for taffeta is unabated. The favorite shades are cardinal, ox- blood and cherry, and they are a trifle more expensive than other colors. The national blues, violets and greens are also popular tints, and plaid taffeta ii appearing. Among the latest styles In ribbons are the colored failles nnd gros grains, satin-black velvet, w ith either violet or mode Lacks, and black double-faced sains, with raised flowers on one sine. Otter, emem!d,"'ruby and tawny brown lend in colors, and are much used for dress and iilousc trimmings. Harle quin blacks and printed failles are also muca p favor. Chicago Kccord. FARMER AND PLANTER. THE CHEAPEST FERTILIZER. Tlnaa for laram to b. Thinking What l arj in Ouluf to Ind Tht-lr LanO. The time of year is at hand when farmers !giu to think about spring erops ana determine how and w here they can procure su-.-h fesiilizers as they may need for the least money After three years' experience In trying the necessary chemicals aud mate rials, and doiug my own mixing, 1 know that I have saved considerable money in my outlay for fertilizers, and there is no reasou w hy farmers who use fertilizers to any considerable extent can't do likewise. A savin? of from five to eight dollars per ton can be made by home-mixing, If care is taken in securing the necessary materials. Most manufacturers of fertilizers will not sill materi als for mixing at prices so that it will be economy for the farmer to buy, be cause they would thereby injure their established trade. They even tell us that they can supply ready-mixed fer tilisers cheaper than the farmer can mix, as they possess the necessary ma chinery to do the work cheaply andean ao ii mare thoroughly than it can pos- aiuiy oe aone witn shovels nnd screens. as the farmer has to do the work. A farmer can mix a ton of fertiliser on the barn floor in a couple of hours, and lor all practical purposes the work thus done w ith sho cl is lust as thor ough aa if done bv a machine in a rtilizer factory. But the cont of mixing is but one small item in the manufacture of ready-mixed fertilizers. There are extra freights topay.oiiioers" salaries and laborers' bills amount to a good deul, the expense of a traveling salesman runs from one to two dollars a ton, to say nothing of loeul agents' commissions, which are two to five dol lars a ton. So in home-mixing the farm er mny saye from a fourth to a third of bis annual expenditure for the item of commercial fertilizers. Many farmers will say: 1 would like to savo this money, but d...:'t know what to buy or where to get it. A good, complete fertiliser slion'd coutuin froit into v; per eent. of avail able phosphoric acid. '. to 1 per cent, of ammonia and to 4 of (V.tush Tobacco, potatoes and most garden crops need more potash than corn ox wheat. The cheapest form in which you can buy the necessary phosphoric acid for your mix ture is the rock of ucid phosphate. It may be bought in car lots cheuply now, and laid down at your railroad stution should not cost exceeding $15 per ton, perhapsconsiilerably less. The material that 1 prefer for giving ammonia to a home-mixed goods is cotton-soed meal. It is not so readily soluble as the nitrate of soda, and gives excellent re sults. It will cost from 818 to .'0 per ton. The marinte of potusli is worth 845 per ton. Now if you will procure a table of analyses of these ingredients you can very easily calculate just how muc ii of each of the above you must use to get just such a fertilizer as you want. Twelve hundred pounds of acid phosphate, carrying 15 per cent, of available phosphoric acid, OOOpundsof cotton meal and 200 pounds of muriate of potash will make a most excellent complete fertilizer, and should not cost you more thun Jlfl to $17 per ton. The same grade of fertilizer, if purchased reudy-iuixed, will cost you from $-3 to 8-'4. Some might ask: How am I to get these materials at wholesale prices when I only need a ton or two for my own use? You must co-operate with your neighbor and make up a ciirlond. Farmers must learn that they, like men in nil other trades and professions, must come together must organize for mutual benefit and protection and whenever you are in shape to use a car load of fertilizing material there will be little trouble in finding a good man ufacturer with whom you can place your order. Fanners, don't longer throw your money away on ready-mixed fer tilizers when you can so easily save 25 per cent, of your usual outlay by home mixing. W. W. Stevens, in 1'armers' Home Journal. DIVERSIFYING. A Subject that Farmers Can Not till Too Much Attention To. The seeds of diversity arc being Rown broadcast. What will the harvest be? The idea is not a new one. The writer who advocates it now only expresses thoughts that have occurred to thou sands of farmers for many years. The cotton conventions, organizations and the influence of the press did not reduce the acreage in 1895, but the cheap price In 1804 did. It is to be hoped the same cause will reduce it in 1808. The farm er whocomplainsof speculators, middle men, trusts, transportation charges, and a luck of circulating medium, cun in a measure dodge theso real or imaginary monsters by producing at home as nearly everything consumed as practical. But after he has done this he is compelled to produce some one more of the staples that aro non-perishable and have a universal market as a money crop. Sooner or la ter ho must have tho services of the grocer, hardware and dry goods mer chant, the druggist, lumber man, car penter, blacksmith, teacher, preacher, lawyer, editor and doctor; they demand money and not barter for their serv ices and wares. He must either do with out these conveniences of a higher civ ilization or continue to pay tribute to aggregated wealth,skill and knowledge. Between the two he is ut liberty to take his choice. Too much diversity is as bad as too little. Chickens, eggs, butter, fruits and garden truck are o. k. for family use, but they will not pay rents, interest or taxes, nor bring the wherewith without a market. A few favorably located can afford to create this market, but the bulk of farmers must continue to de pend upon the live-stock and staple crops adapted to their several localities aa money-getters. Seasons, acreage and consumption being unknown quanti ties, future prices are in tho dark; 50 cent wheat, 20-centoats, 17-ccnt corn, 2XJ-eent hogs, and 3 cents for prime beef is on a parity with 5-cent cotton. There is no more money in one than NO. 50. the other. They Iiaeall Umcied thesa low prices ia the past three or f.iur years, aud will ao doubt do so arin. The product of all human eCorU are gradually growing cheaper, and will continue to do so as long as there is universal progress equally distributed, in venti ve ger.i us, skill aud knowledge are for naught, unless it enables that which represent past, present and future endeavor to purchase more of the netvssilie and luxuries of life. When the manufae turer fails to produce goods to compete in the open markets at a profit prwress compels him to make room for some one w ho can. The farmer who can not produce crops to sell on the markets at a profit must give way to those who can. If oats at 20 cents and cotton at five cents can not be grown at a profit they will go higher. It is folly to bur den one's mind with the possibilities of xuture prices ana seajwns; they are be yond our risiou. We should first Dro- duce everything consumed at home aa near as practical, then select those staple crops and stock best suited to our tastes and locality, and then give the full swing of our attention to producing the largest yields with th least expense. If we will do t his, prac-' tiee economy, steer clear of debt, bad trades uud bad habits, we will be doing business at the old stund when all the other pursuits and avocations of " man nave Jaded in tho gloom. Many aro hammering at the mortgage, but it will not bo cracked. A a rule, the man who lives in a community for several years and can not get supplies wunout a mortgago u bevond tbe he In of legislation or advice. Tho farmer a troubles are not la his avocation or legislation, but within himself. 1U laeksnot brains, but am hi tion. To con centrate his mind upon his business he considers hardly worth his while. At any village post office surrounded by farms you will see 20 political ta- pers handed out to one devoted to ayri- culture. Texus is pre-emincntl v a farm and stock country, but has only about nun dozen papers devoted to thee pursuits. Tho average furiner takes a h.en days of recreation where the business man takes one. At the coun ty fairs, picnics, reunions, circus. ical meetiugo, Uirisluias holidays, nil meetings and first Mondays, w id the termer recreating, while tb" meiriiiint is siitiiijr around on double duty. Is it any wonder he mal,i tl.il. Inrs while the farmer makes dimes' "The laborer is worthy of his hire." Brethren, let us pick our flints well be fore we tiro. T. 0. Slaughter, In Teiai Farm und Bunch. ltal llice. The low price of cotton Is compelling many farmers to plant far less acreagu of that staple, and to substitute snch crops as will enable them to raise theii own living at borne and be independent of the merchant. Among these wops besides corn, are sweet potatoes, cow peas, sorghum and ribbon cane und ricu. And it is the last mentioned crop that I would urge tho fanners of tho coast region to try the coining season. Select a moist piece of land, open furrows or ditches ut the lower part to let off the water, when dry enough plow deep, pulverize and harrow in your seed about three pecks to the acre, sown broadcast like wheat or oats. When three or four inches high stop up ditches to retain water on the field, but regular ruinfull, such as will make a great corn crop, will iiiiike a fuir cropof rice. Tho time to sow is from lust frost until July, April and May being considered the best months. In four or live months the crop can be cut. If there is only an acre or two, with hand sickle or cradle. In Louisiana self-binding harvesters are used. For home usa no machinery is needed, and harvesting and hulling may be done by hand with simple home made tools, which I may describe luter, Farm and Hunch. Nmit a. s Sllmulnnt. There are those who would think It both foiKilishncss nnd a sin to whip a jaded animal, yet who fail to reasou that the principle is the same in try ing to stimulate a plant lacking abun dant roots. In both cases strength for tho required work ia lacking. With tlu'iving, well-rooted plants, there are few helps so good a soot. The finest collection of plants wo have ever seen in the bunds of an amateur was pushed almost entirely with soot. Cyclamens, primulas, begonias, callus, roses, all seemed to revel in its murky strength. HERE ANDTHERE. The only permanent agriculture la that which provides not merely for maintaining, but for increasing, the fertility of the soil. The furmer must know what his land will grow to the best advantage under existing conditions, and he must carefully adapt his means to this end. Never attempt to grow flowers in entire shade. Few, if any, will do well, Pansies will do pretty well, and even they are improved by a little suusliine. Each field on the farm is fitted for special use the coming year. Consider the soil, the rotation nnd the needs of the proposed crop, and then you can go ahead with safety. The system which increases fertil ity naturally improves tho yield each year, and puts the soil in such me chanical condition that it is loss likely to be injured by drought or excessive rainfall. The time will come when eycrj flock-master will just as regularly sow some food every spring to provide pas ture for his sheep as he will sow seed to provide food for them in winter. There will be a brighter day for sheep then. If you have not time tc shelter your sheep In summer or winter, when ever they need it, you have not tithe to raise sheep. No man can afford to bury his lambs in premature graves when he might have kept them by ex ercising. Kill off those old hens and give the room to the yearling hens and early pullets; they are the moneymakers; tin old hens and surplus male birds the drones. Reduce the expense of keep ing the flocks by culling' out tb gou productive individuala,