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The Southern herald. (Liberty, Miss.) 1866-current, December 29, 1922, Image 1

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OFFICIAL JOURNAL OF AMITE COUNTY
SUBSCRIPTION 1.25 PER YEAR
VOL' LVII NO
LIBERTY, MISSISSIPPI FRIDAY, DECEMBER ffl? 1922
S1.25 PER YEA R
STATE HAPPENINGS
TOLQJ BRIEF
THE HAPPENINGS OF A WEEK
BRIEFLY TOLD FOR OUR
BUSY READERS.
BENTON COUNTY FARMERS
ARE SIGNING CONTRACTS
About 90 Farmers, Representing Ap
proximately 500 Bales, Enter
Market Bureau.
Ashland. Approximately 90 Benton
County farmers have signed contracts
in the Farm Bureau Cotton Associa
tion of Benton county. These sign
ers represent a total of about 550
bales. The quota for this county is
1,195 bales, and J. W. Gresham, local
banker, who is pushing forward the
organization in this county, is anxious
that the remaining number of bales
of Benton's quota be pledged before
the close of Victory Week.
W. C. Lassetter of the Progressive
Farmer in hia recent speech In this
county called the attention of the
farmers to the fact that . less than
one-fourth of the oil interests of the
country controlled the price of oil;
that less than one-fourth of the pack
ing interests dictated prices in that
line, and he reasoned that 25 per
cent of the cotton should be ablo to
favorably influence the price of that
commodity.
Mr. Gresham, who is himself a
farmer, is heartily in favor of the
plan, and in the absence of a county
agent, Is putting forth every effort
to make the campaign a success !n
Benton County.
More Stills Captured.
Grenada. Stills contin"' to yield to
the search of the sherifl jf Grenada
County and most of the time it is a
negro "caught with the goods," yet
the Impression seems to be quite gen
eral that in most cases a white man
is behind the negro in furnishing the
plans and whatever funds are neces
sary. There have been 20-odd stills
captured in Grenada county since
early in April last, end yet there is,
said to be marked evidence of more
stills doing business.
Award Temple Contract
Clarksdale. In competitive bidding
Boh Ellis, local contractor, was award
ed the contract for the construction
of the Clarksdale Masonic temple,
which will be built at a cost of more
than $33,000. The bid of Mr. Ellis was
slightly above this figure and does not
Include the electric wiring, plumbing
and heating, contracts for whioh will
be let separately at a later date.
Acquitted of Murder.
Greenwood. Gay den, alias Red Sul
livan, charged with murder in connec
tion with the killing of his father In
law, J. Z. Williams, in this city on Oct.
27, was freed on the murder charge.j
when Judge S. F. Davis sustained the
defendant's motion for a peremptory
Instruction at the close of the Intro,
duction of testimony.
j 11 Tickets for Fimlly.
Itta Bena. A very interesting scene
was witnessed here when two old ne
groes moved their families from Itta
Bena, one family going to St. Louis,
the other to an Arkansas point. One
old negro purchased for the trip to
8t. Louis for himself and family 11
tickets, costing him over $160.
Car Presented Pastor,
Tunica. Probably no citiiens of
Tunica were more thankful than were
Rev. T. T. Williams of the Presbyte
rian church here, and his good wife,
when the members of that church pre
sented to Mr. Williams a car as a
token of the members' appreciation of
bis service in the community.
See Pool Success.
Jackson That Victory Week of the
Mississippi Farm Bureau Cotton As
sociation campaign will be put over
was shown In the Interest of the
county "pep" meetings held In every
county in the state where the cotton
sign-up drive is being conducted.
Remove Hotel Walls.
Jackson. Work has been begun on
removal of the old brick walls on the.
Norvslle Hotel site, at Capitol aid
Congress streets, to make way for the
new auditorium building to be erect
ed on the rear of the lot at Congress
and Pearl. ,
Turkeys Bell at 80 Cents.
' Blue Mountain. Though their
ranks "have been considerably thinned
out in this county for Thanksgiving,
turkeys are selling in Tippah at 18
and 30 eents a pound,
NEW8 AND VIEWS FROM THE
STATE CAPITAL.
By r. R. Blrdsall
; The newspapers of the state, in
anticipation of what seems to be a
unusually large number of county,
legislative and beat candidates, are
announcing that the rule of cash with
the announcement will be rigidly en
forced and that no announcement of
any candidate for any office will ap
pear unless paid for before the issue
in which it is expected to appear is
printed. Some of the newspapers, ac
cording to reports which reach the
capital, that have shown courtesies in
the past to candidates, have an ac
cumulation of unpaid announcements.
One or two of the editors of the state
are talking about advertising those
accounts for sale to the highest bid
der. It is stated that this was done
in another state once and the de
linquents, especially those who de
sired to run again, paid their bills
with interest and accompanied their
announcements with cash as well as
renewals for subscriptions.
As an evidence of the good feeling
and fine fellowship between the peo
ple of Jackson and the great county
of Hinds, Jackson and Hinds County
united in building a magnificent au
ditorium and a splendid armory. In
this armory will be a club room for
the American Legion and the build
ing, which will contain both the au
ditorium and the armory, will be an
ornament to the capital city, and will
furnish a splendid armory as well. as
an auditorium to accommodate all as
semblages and conventions. Jackson
has become, because of its accessi
bility, the great convention city of
Mississippi, it is hoped to have the
auditorium completed in tme for the
assembling of the press convention in
May as well as for the meeting of the
state teachers' association.
The board of supervisors of Sun
'flower County, which has spent sev
eral millions of dollars for good roads,
has appointed guards to protect the
lives of reckless drivers of motor cars
by regulating the speed and prevent
ing accidents at abrupt turns of the
road. These guards will also enforce
the regulations against logging outfits
and other heavy vehicular traffic,
which In violation of load limits and
tire regulations and wejt roads, vio
late the ordinance along these lines
and destroy magnificent' highways. It
Is reported that other supervisors in
various counties may follow the ex
ample of Sunflower in order to safe
guard life and protect the highways.
The question is often asked what
iconstitutes l4kl with reference to
liberty of speech and freedom of the
the press In Mississippi. The state
constitution declares that the freedom
,of speech and of the press shall be
held sacred; and that all prosecution
for libel, that proof may be given in
evidence, and the Jury shall determine
the law and the facts under the di
rection of the court; and if it shall
appear to the jury that the matter
charged as libel Is true, and was
published with good motives and with
justifiable ends, the party shall be
acquitted.
It is reported that a lumber of
women will be candidates for seats in
both the State Senate and House of
Representatives in the primary elec
tion, and perhaps in some counties
there will be women candidates for
; county superintendents of education
and other county offices. Adams
County has a woman county superin
tendent of education, Miss Fltts, who
was appointed first to fill a vacancy
and at the election to fill the unex
pired term she outran all of her op
ponents. Indications point to the fact that
there will be an unusually large num
:ber of candidates for the various
state offices. Under the constitution
the auditor and treasurer cannot suc
ceed themselves or each other imme
diately, nor can the governor succeed
himself. Only one governor has gone
from the executive chair to the
United States Senate since the con
stitution of 1890 made the governor
ineligible to succeed himself. This
was A. 'J. MoLaurin of Rankin.
The argument In the case of Ex
cell Coody, appointed by Gov. Russell
to succeed Thomas M. Henry, state
insurance commissioner, removed by
!the governor for alleged embezzle
ment, will take place In the supreme
court on Wednesday, Dec. 13.
966 Women Registered,
Indianola. At the request of Gov.
Lee Russell, Circuit Clerk 3. R. Key
of Sunflower county made a report
that the number of women who have
registered at the several precincts of
the county totals 996.
REPARATION
PLANS REJECTED
ALLIED PREMIERS ARE UNIT IN
NOT ACCEPTING.
CONTINUE THE DISCUSSION
Italian Declares a Concrete Offer for
German Payments Will Be Made,
But Refuses to Outline What
Form Note Will Take.
London. The German proposal for
a re-arrangement of terms for the
payment of reparations has been re
jected by the London conference.
The British tried to keep up their
policy of a closed door to the last,
only giving out bare statements that
the conference had discussed the pro
posals from Germany and would con
tinue the discussion.
The French also revolted, but less
radically than the Italians. Premier
Mussolini received correspondents
from all over the world and declared
the German proposals absolutely were
impossible to be accepted and all
members of the conference agreed on
this view. He declared a definite re
jection will be sent to Germany.
Premier Mussolini declared the
whole tone of the conference was
very cordial and all the members
agreed that the questions of inter
allied debts and reparations were In
separable. If reparations were not
paid by Germany debts also must be
unpaid.
In reply to a question what about
American djpbts, he said a memoran
dum also had been made of definite,
concrete proposasl for payment by
Germany, which Premier Poincare
said was interesting and worthy of
examination. Premier ilussolini re
fused to outline these proposals, but
he said they included only economip
and not military sanctions.
In conclusion he said if the London
conference was successful, as seemed
likely, there would be no need of a
Brussels conference, except a gather
ing of experts to arrange a few de
tails.
Premier Poincare also gave hit
opinion of the German proposals, and
while he was more cautious than Pre
mier Mussolini, he Indicated that they
were entirely unacceptable to France.
TWO CROSS OCEAN TO WED.
Norwegian Girls Journey to Mobile
and Marry Seamen.
Mobile, Ala. Miss Karey Maria
Braavig of Christlania, Norway, and
Miss Anna Anderson of Sandefjord,
Norway, traveled 6,000 -miles to Mo
bile from their homes to become the
brides of Capt. O. Wroldsen, master
of the Norwegian fruit steamer Vera,
and John K. Hansen, chief engineer
of the same vessel.
FAR EAST WAR LOOMS.
Chinese and Russians May Fight Over
Chinese Eastern Railway.
Tokyo. Official reports and rumors
reaching Tokyo Indicate serious trou
ble in North Manchuria, with a pos
sibility of war between the Reds and
General Chang Tso Lin. The Chinese
Eastern railway, which both claim, Is
the bone of contention, and the Rus
sians may attempt at an early date to
forcibly occupy It.
NOMINATIONS RETURNED.
Harding Sends Back Name For South
Carolina Marshal.
Washington. President Harding
has returned to the senate several
nominations which failed of confir
mation at the recent special session,
including that of Joseph W. Tolbert,
of South Carolina, to be federal mar
shal in the western district of that
state.
NO MORE EXECUTIONS.
Greece Will Fine and Punish Former
Military Leaders.
Athens. The trial of those involv
ed In the Asia Minor debacle will con
tinue, and minor officials and officers
are being interrogated. It is believed
the sentences of those found guilty of
treason will be fines and imprison
ment. Better Late Than Never.
."t-c'sea, England. Thirty years af
k ;tey took out a marriage license
"ill- ught they were married, Mr.
sjp j. Thomas Whitfield discover-
lf mistake and had the legal
orv.iiony performed.
WOMAN
WINS NEW
SUFFRAGE POINI
COURT NULLIFIES COMMON LAW
RIGHT OF HUSBAND.
AFFECTS HER PROPERTY
Wife Controls Personal Belongings
Just the Same As If She Were
Single Husband Cannot In
Any Manner Control.
'Nashville. The married women's
emancipation statute of 1919 was con
strued by the supreme court so as to
entirely abrogate and nullify the com
mon law right of a husband to appro
priate to his own use the personal
property of his wife without her con
sent and to reduce to his own posses
sion her choses in action.
Since the enactment of the statute,
the supreme court held, a married
woman holds her own property just
as if she were not married, and the
only way the husband can acquire
her property during coverture is by
purchase or gift, just as he may ac
quire the property of a stranger.
This holding of the supreme court
was rendered In the case of Tellico
Bank and Trust Company vs. Loomis,
from Loudon county, in a written
opinion prepared by Justice Green.
The bank undertook to subject to
the payment of Loomis' debts certain
money in his hands as the proceeds
of a sale of valuable farm belonging
to his wife, and was defeated in the
effort on proof that the husband had
been permitted by his wife to hold
and manage her property for her, but
had not given it to him.
The debt in question was created
prior to the acquisition of the prop
erty by Loomis, otherwise, the court
observed, the wife might have been
stopped from asserting her ownership
of the property if Loomis had been
extended credit on the facts of his
possession of her property, and appar
ent ownership of it.
CASH YOUR WAR STAMPSI
Former State Director Urges Holders
to Start Turning Them In.
Chattanooga, Tenn. T. R. Preston,
former Tennessee director for war
savings, has addressed a letter to the
holders of securities throughout the
state to the effect that they would
mature January 1, and that payment
of interest would cease at the time.
Mr. Preston says that it will be
necessary for the people to begin at
once to turn their stamps into the
banks which have arranged for their
redemption, otherwise there will prob
ably be congestion in January.
MUST BE PROGRESSIVE.
Young Republicans Insist on New
Ideas in Party.
Washington. Declaring the repub
lican party In New York "appears to
have lost contact with the people,"
Representative Luther Mott and 'Ham
ilton Fish, Jr., of that state, announc
ed they would request George K.
Morris, republican state chairman, to
call a conference with a view to lin
ing it up behind "certain progressive
measures."
"The younger element in the party
will not follow or remain In, if the
old reactionary leaders and policies
dominate," said a statement by the
two representatives.
"RUSSIA WILL RECOVER."
Gov. Goodrich Thinks Nation Will
Emerge From Bolshevism.
a
Washington. A gradual change
through the orderly processes of evo
lution and not by counter revolution,
will Russia merge from her present
condition, declared former.Gov. Goodj
rich of Indiana, speaking here before
the Conference on Public Opinion
and World Peace. An official go
ernment investigation of conditions
In that country was made by Mr.
Goodrich last year.
Catches Hawk With Hands.
Summerville, 111. Grappling with a
huge chicken hawk as it was making
away with one of the barnyard flock,
Mrs. Albert Bister beat the feathered
thief to death with a club.
Hard Luck Follows King.
Rome. A member of the court of
ex-King Constantlne is authority for
the statement that the Greek ruler
Host fS.OOO playing poker the day af
ter he abdicated.
DROP HOSTILE
ATTITUDE AT MEET
8UDDENLY COME INTO LINE ON
STRAITS PROP08AL8.
TURKS OFFER NEW PLAN
Agree to Many Points In the Allied
Note, and Prospect for Some Sort
of Agreement Seems
Brighter.
Lausanne. Georges Tchltcherin,
the Bolshevik foreign minister, aban
doned his previously extremely hos
tile attitude regarding the Dardanel
les question at a recent peaceful ses
sion of the Near Eastern conference
and expressed approval of the Turk
ish proposals for regulation of the
straits, with the reservation that he
must see the actual words of the
sections covering the various points
at issue before he could give full ap
proval to them.
Japan Bpoke for the first time on
the straits problem. Baron Hayashi,
the Japanese represent, tive, said that
he was entirely in accord with the
words of Richard Washburn Child,
the American ambassador, concern
ing the straits and liberty of com
merce in the Black Sea. He also
said he had listened with great de
light to the statements of Ismet Pa
sha, on behalf of Turkey, who had
approached the difficult problems in
a sympathetic and conciliatory man
ner. Baron Hayashi, the British for
elgn minister, had assured him that
a solution of the straits qusetion was
nearing.
Lord Curzon opened the session
with a long detailed review of the
points on which the Turks differed
from the entente plan and replied to
questions on which Ismet Pasha had
asked further information. His ad
dress indicated that most of. the ques
tions on which the entente and the
Turks differed were proper subjects
for informal discussion by military
and naval experts, and expressed the
opinion that such discussion would
bring forward the necessary techni
cal information which would undoubt
edly form the basis for agreement.
In opening the session Lord Cur
zon said he was glad the Turks had
accepted the principle of demilitar
ized zones on the straits, provided
they were assured adequate protec
tion; that the Turks had accepted
the principle of free passage of war
ships and merchant men in time of
peace or war, and also in principle
an international commission to regu
late commercial navigation. He also
added that the Turks had laid down
the basis of the regime they desired
to see applied to the straits, and that
It seemed possible to harmonize this
with the entente views.
The Turks withdrew their sugges
tion that the powers should not be
allowed to maintain warships In then
Black Sea.
CALLS FOR INFORMATION.
Capper Wants I. C. C. to Report on
Railroads' Excessive Earnings.
Washington. A resolution calling
upon the Interstate Commerce Cora
mi ssku to furnish information as to
the failure of railroads to turn into
the treasury one-half of any excess
earnings above six per cent as pro
vided by the transportation act was
introduced in the senate by Senator
Capper, of Kansas. The commission
is requested to furnish the senate
not later than January 1, full infor
mation relative to earnings of the
railroads, regulations under which
the excess earnings should be turned
Into the treasury and steps which the
commission proposes to take to en
force the provision of the act
How Many Ships Scrapped?
Washington. Without discussion
the house adopted the Frothingham
resolution calling on the navy depart
ment for infoimatlon as to the num
ber of warships sirai-ped or disposed
of bv the United SIMP and other na
tions participating in the arms con
ference. Many Die In Quake In Japan.
London. A serious earthquake at
Kiushiu, the southernmost of the
three principal -islands of Japan, is
reported in a Tokyo dispatch to the
Central News. Many persons are
said to have been killed or Injured
and hundreds of houses were de
stroyed. Three Students Burn.
Watervllle, Me. Three students of
Colby College were burned to death
when fire destroyed one section of
North College, the original college
building erected In 1820.
15,000,000
FIRE
LAYS CITI IN RUINS
HUNDRED8 HOMELE83, BLOCKS
BURNED IN ASTORIA.
OLDEST TOWN IN OREGON
Banks, Newspaper Plants, Hotels,
Stores, Theatres and Many Busi
ness Houses Swept Away.
Flames Spread.
Astoria, Oregon. The business dis
trict of Astoria, the oldest city In
Oregon, is In ruins, hundreds of per
sons are homeless and property loss
es.lmated around $15,000,000 was
caused by fire here. For 10 hours
the flames burned an ever-widening
rath through the city.
Hanks newspaper plants, hotels,
stores, theatres and numerous busi
ness houses were wiped out. Accord
ing (o Fire Chief E. B. Foster the
fire got out of control because It
t'lrnsd beneath the buildings' under
piling upon which the business sec
lion was built. He attributed the dis
aster to failure to fill In the space
beneath the piling. Dynamiting was
reported to in an effort to stay the
firo.
Nonis Staples, automobile man and
president of the Bank of Commerce,
dropped dead of heart disease while
the lire was at its height.
The body of C. J. Smith, a transi
ent, was fou .id hanging under the
sidewalk on the water front, but
whether he had ended his life be
cause of the fire or for other reasons
the police were unable to determine.
Ho had spent the night in a lodging
house nearby.
ThlrtJ blocks were wiped out. Many
homes in the older residence district
were destroyed nad about 50 families
living in an apartment house were
made homeless by the destruction of
that building. In addition to these
many 1 9rsons rooming in the destroy
ed aiea lost all their personal prop
erty. A committee of citizens met at the
call of Mayor Bremmer and planned
Immediate relief measures. They were
assurod of help from Portland and
Seas'de. Every restaurant and hotel
had been destroyed and stocks of
goods had been wiped out, so there
was prospect of immediate want.
Portland bakers sent bread and Sea
side ortned the hotel there to receive
those without shelter, and a large
number of cottages at the beach re
sort also made available. Homes la
the residence district also were
thrown open to aid and feed the
needy.
The Y. M. C. A. building, which was
outside the fire zone, was opened as
the headquarters of all welfare agen
cies. The As tori an recently moved Into
a new building which was swept by
the fire. Mr. Dellinger said three of
his typesetting machines had been
saved, but the rest of the plant was
destroyed, Including the Hies of 60
years.
Telephone exchanges and telegraph
offices were burned. Communication
vlth the outside was maintained
through the day by means of a long
distance line temporarily set up at
the city hall.
The hotelkeepers of Oregon, In ses
sion at Portland, donated $5,000 for
relief and railroads offered free trans
portat'on and other aid.
BENCH WARRANT ISSUED.
Federal Court After Bergdoll Should
He Receive Pardon.
Philadelphia. A bench warrant has
been issued by Federal Judge Dick
inson, for the arrest of Edwin R.
Bergdoll should he receive a pardon
for the remainder of the four years'
sentence he Is serving in the federal
prison at Leavenworth. Kansas, for
evading army service during the war.
A plea for Bergdoll's pardon was
made a few weeks ago and a decision
is pending.
Grain Elevators for Bulgaria.
Chicago. The American grain ele
vator plan will be Introduced Into
Bulgaria at an approximate, coat of
$10,000,000, and work will get under
way during 1923 building season, the
McDonald Engineering Company at
Chicago announced.
Holden Elected Chairman.
Chicago.- Hale Holden. nresldent
of the Chicago, Burlington and Quia-
cy railroad, has been elected chair
man of the pew executive committee
of 34 of the reorganised Association
of Railway Executive!,

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