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NEW YORK ALAKMCII.
And Calls for : the Abolltlou
Western Ports of Entry.
From the Sew York Graphic
The merchants ot New York are unani
mous in their opinions regarding the law
styled the "Immediate Transportation"
act which allows packages of imported
goods to pass into the interior of the
country without inspection. That the
roods enn only be properly appraised and
the duties collected ou the sea coast there
can be no doubt. One of the most exten
sive merchants in this country or in the
world expressed himself as fallows' :
"Do you think," he was asked, "that
there should be very few custom-houses
'No; I think there should bo none at
all. We should return to tlio old sys
tem." "Would it bo better to narrow the
whole custnm-houso business down to
New York P"
"Oh, no. Let there bo custom-houses
in the principal coast cities ns before, from
l'ortland, Me., to Houston, Tex.
"But granting that competent and hon
est appraisers could bo tound, would it
not bo sale to have Western custom
houses P The goyernment seals and
locks on the cars are supposed to aftord
sufficient protection and prevent any tam
pering with the goods wile in transit."
"Quite a mistake. There is no certain
ty about the seals being kept inviolate.
The men who do the sealing, those who
make the seals, those who do the locking
and those who make the locks, can be and
have beeu so tampered with as to make
the system quite unreliable. Say, for in
stance, that by collusion between the
smugglers and the men who load tho train
ulcaris started for the West three-quarters
all. Somewhere near Elmlra, by collu
sion with the train-hands, tho seal is brok
en and the car entered. There is room
to manipulate tho cases and remove or
change their contents. Some cases may
even be dropped in the woods. The du
plicate seals being on hand the car be re-
sealed. All t'us ot course has to be nr
ranzed beforehand; the nn.ker oi' the
seals must be mild a double inlet;: seal
ers, train-hands and appraisers must be
'seen.' As a specimen of the manner in
which goods can be stolen from the cars.
I will relate an incidence ot our expert
ence with the Philadelphia railroad. We
had awhile ago a message irom Philadcl
phia to this effect from one of our corres
pondents : 'We think wo are getting your
goods in a strange way.' On reaching
that city we found some $30,000 worth ot
our goods in small parcels scattered
among the merchants. Knowing that
these parcel had been taken from our
cases, we determined to trace the thieves.
We finally got tho tacts as to tho whole
process of stealing goods from tho cars
through a detected thlet wbo turned
State's evidence. But we first traced the
thieves directly to the cars by careiully
marking every piece that went Irom here
to Philadelphia, and then cheeking them
oil In that city. When the cases were op
ened it was found that they had been cu
riouslr ransacked. The straps had been
carefully pried oft' and the covers wedged
open tur enough to admit ot the aostrae
tion of single packages. These in turn
had been adroitly opened and a couple ot
uairs ot irloves taken from this pack, a
lew stockings from another, and a dress
patera from a piece ot silk. The stealing
though large in tho aggregate, was done
in this way in order to draw attention from
the possibility of its having been done in
the cars. The idea was that car thieves
would take nothing less than a whole
package. This illustration is given to
show how the contents ot the cars can be
tampered with. The rascals need only to
bnbe the car hands and the lock-makers
or the seal-makers, and there is nothing to
prevent freights going to Chicago from
beinsr handled very extensively on the
It is announced that a meeting ot rep
resentatives ot a number ot largo import
ing houses is soon to be held in this city
tor the purpose oi iorming a cuiuuimuwu
10 resist mo gruwiug cvii ui omuaSuuS,
The Basis op IxTEi.LECTuaL Great
ness, There h a great deal ot intellect
ual labor nnderzone simply for discipline,
which shows no present result that is np-
nreciable. and which, therelore, requires
in addition to patience ami humility, one
ot tho noblest of moral yirtuos, faith. Ul
all the toils in which men engase none
are nobler in their origin or in their aim
than those bv which they ondeavor to be
nme mora wise. Pray observe (hat,
whenever the desire tor greater wisdom
Is earnest enough to sustain men in these
hiffh endeavors, thero roust be both hu
mil it. v nml faith the humility which ac
knowledges present insufficiency, the faith
that relies upon the mysterious law3 which
govern our intellectual being. Be sure
that there has been groat moral strength
in all who have come to intellectual great
noss. During some briet moments ot in
sight the mist has rolled away, and they
beheld, like a celestical city, the
home of their highest aspiration ; but the
cloud has gathered around them again,
mid still in the gloom, they have gone
steadily forward, stumbling often, vet
maintaining their unconquerable resolu
tlon. It is to this sublime persistence of
the Intellectual in other ages that the world
owes the treasures which they won ; it is
by a Itke persistence that we mav hope to
hand them down, augmented, to the fu
fure. Their intellectual purposes did not
weaken their moral nature, but exercised
t and exalted it.
Prussia, with her usual uniformity, lias
an equal number of cows and pigs, or,e to
every five inhabitants, besides a sheep
apiece all around.
It is said a tack factory is to be estab
lished at Fall ton, Pa.
Tho wool hat industries of Reading will
resume work on June 1st.
The Beaver Falls. Pa . cutlery works is
running full force, with large orders
The new iurnanco at Newark, Ohio,
went into blast on the 17tb.
A glass raanufacting company has been
organized in Cambridge, Ohio.
San Francisco has over $40,000,000 per
manently invested in manufactories. The
annual yalue ot the products Is estimated
The Excelsior Keapcr and Mower Man
ufacturing Company, of Akron, Ohio,
made an assignment for the benefit of its
creditors, last week.
It is stated that in Campbell county,
a., there has lately been a considerable
investment ot Northern capital m miner
al lands, the iron ore of that section being
suitable for the manufacture of Bessemer
According to Botgor, nickel is bcttut
adapted than any other metal lor galvan
izing iron, and it resists action ot oxida
tion much better than gold. The latter
metal is very porous when it is in a thin
layer; nickel, on the contrary, forms a
thoroughly impermeable coating.
The rolling mill at Akron, Ohio, nhiit
down on Wednesday last, and will remain
so for a time at least, until pressing or
ders should eompel the company to re
sume a portiou ot their mill.
On Monday last tho Alliance (Ohio)
Rolling Mill Company made an assign
ment for the benclit of its creditors. The
mill has been idle for some months in
consequence of the depressed condition
ot the iron rail market.
Alexander Brothers, leather belting
manufacturers, of Philadelphia, have just
completed a large bell tor an iron rolling
mill at Wilmington, Del. it was made ot
the best oak tanned leather, 156 feet long
and 2 feet wide, three ply.
The pig iron industry in&ngland is in
a terribly depressed condition. Of 141)
blast furnaces in tho boutli strtllonlshiro
district, 79 were, according to tho latest
mail advices in blast and 70 out. Of 150
furnaces in tho North of England, 125
are blowing and 82 are silent.
A considerable portion of the machin
ery ot the Speedwell Iron Works, Mor-
ristown, JN. J., has neon boxed ami sent
to Scotland, where it will be used for the
purpose of manufacturing sugar machin
ery, there is no business being carried
on at the Speedwell works at present, al
though tho bell is rung four times each
day, because of a peculiar clause in the
will ot tue late btephen Vail.
For the sake of experimenting, a Maine
shipbuilder, whose yard on the Penobscot
was closed during tho winter, undertook
to construct a ship of 1.4000 tons capacity
at Jiucksville, S. (J. lie brought his own
men down, and the vessel was recently
launched. The result demonstrates 'that
while a vessel can built in the Eastern
yards of $60 per ton, this one cost $65
jer ton. With regularly established yards
and facilities for work in the South, how
ever, the cost would probably be about
equal in both sections of the country.
San Francisco puts in a claim to step
into the front rank as n manufacturing
city, and sets down her aggregate manu
factures in the year 1870 at $52,003,475 in
value, without including gold and silver
rellned, and lor the year 1875 a total oi
$67,33o,'J3U, an increase oi near 'J. per
cent, in three years, ot which latter Hem
$5,506,780 was machinery, chiefly for
mining purposes. It is claimed that the
capital invested in that city in manufac
turing industries is over $30,000,000.
which renders it clear that she does not
hang her hopes of greatness exclusively
on commerce, but depends on trade ot a
more permanent and enduring character,
San Francisco occupies an admirable po
sition to become one ot the greatest in
dustrial centers in the world, with her
access to tho cheap labor of China, the
superabundance ot capital at home, and
exiiausuess mineral uuu agricultural re
Sources for the production ot raw mate
rials ot all desirable kinds.
Lincoln, Nei Mav 26. Tho second
revolt in the Nebraska Penitentiary occur
red to-day, led by Wm. Mc Waters and
Eldridge Gray, two leaders of the revolt
four months ago. The Warden was ap
prised ot the expected revolt a few days
ago, and telegraphed to Deputy Warden
Moses, at Joliet, to come home. A letter
was found in the wash-house, directed to
Gerry, from somebody outside, advising
an insurrection, Yesterday all the oris
oners were kept in confinement, but went
out to work to-day at 2 o clock, (jerry
went out to the water closet. As he came
out, McWatcrs started for it. Both meet
Imr In Irnnt nt the Steward's enrra. touch
ed their elbows, and exchanged words un
heard bv the Steward. McWaters enter
ed the closet and picked up a sharp stone.
saving he would kill the guard, when the
. - - - . ... I J5 . 1 .1 t t(
latter, liugn Dianuey, nreu, me oau sev
ering the carotid artery of McWaters,
passsng through the body, and killod him
almost instantly. McV. reeled and fell.
Blaney leveled" tho gun at Gerry, who ran
to the ulaco ot work, and all the prison
ers resumed work. McWaters has killed
soveral men. When the shot was fired
and bell rung, Inspector Gould and War
en Wvman and Noble, with coeked re
voiveis. ran to the work-house, and all
was aulet. McWaters has a wife and two
children nt Nebraska City. The verdict
oi everybody is, "Served aim right.
CoRt of Living.
An European contemporary which is
generally carelul and considerate in its
facts concludes that while oi late years
there has been "a steady and continuous
rise in the ordinary rate of household ex
penses," this IS actually not due to a cor
respondingly increased deirness of house
hold commodities, but to an increased scale
ot expenses because we live higher and
indulgo onrselrcs more freely than was
formerly the case. Palpably the writer
has lived aloof from lands cursed by high
tarifts and low currency, or he would not
be able to say what he does. With us the
cost of living has at least doubled during
the past twenty years, no matter where
we examine the price lists ; but it is un
doubtedly true of us as it is of our English
cousins, that we have enlarged the scale
of our expenses unduly by encouraging
extravagant habits and extravagant ap
petites. We have learned to spend out ot
all proportion to our nggregate earnings,
for the reason that wo have unconsciously
habituated ourselves to a system under
which money was very cheap and every
thing elso very dear. It is a common re
mark that the i icoiiie of $1,500 to-day is
not more than an equivalent to an income
of $600 in 1857 ; but this can not be be
cause tho differeuco in the value ot money
is so great. One thousand dollars to-day
has, perhaps, all the purchasing power of
$600 in 1857, but our ideas are much more
magnificent now than they were then, and
we are consequently worse oft".
It is refreshing, it amazing, to go back
a little over a hundred years"or so and see
how cheaply men could and did livo in
this country. In 1751 a young gentleman
ot Massachusetts had occassion to go
from his home near Waltham to Newark,
N. J., to matriculate in the collego of
New Jersey, then located nt that point, to
pass a year in that college, graduate and
return home upon horseback. He kept a
diary, and in that diary all his expenses
were scrupulously written down. We
nro thus enabled to know something about
the costs of bachelor lite 124 years ago.
For tho voyage from Boston to Newark,
which was made aboard a sloop, this
you ng Massachusetts candidate lor the
ministry laid in live quarts of New Eng
land rum at 64 cents a gallon ; a dozen
chickens at$l a dozen; a quarter ot a
pound of iea at $4 a pound ; two
pounds of loaf sugar at 34 cents per
pound; nearly two dozen lemons and
three pounds of butter ut 16 cents. Tho
rum and the tea do not seem to be fairly
proportioned in this exhibit, but then on the
other hand the symmetry between the
lemons and tho rum is beautiful. The
passage money to New York, tho trip last
ing eiguteen days, was 3 oO. In Aew
lork our traveler bought some elotes, and
boarded one dav, paying 60 cents for his
"entertainment." His fare to Newark
was 18 3-4 cents, and in Newark his board
tor five days, vash bill and delivery of
baggage was in all 62 1-2 cents. Soon
afier his arrival in Newark, and consider
ably loss than a month after the former
purchase, our divinity student buys an
other gallon ot .new England rum. A
sleigh-ride from Newark to New York
costs him $1 06; postage on a letter 20
cents; making flannel jackets, 25 cents
apiece. A barrel of cider which he buys
costs only $1 75; a horse and a chaise
to tho fall cost $1 ; a cocked hat. $5. His
board was 80 cents a week, and hickory
wood $1 60 per cord. His graduation
breeches cost lor materials, $3 50 ; ma'v
ing 75 cents: his college bills $20; his
entire expenses for the twelve months.
including the journey home and part pay
ment upon a horse purchased, amounted
to $100. let tins young gentleman was
not a niggard in anything: he lived liber
ally; he had his little excursions, his small
frolics, his amusements (costing $6), his
rum, cider nnd etcetoras, lust like the col
lege bovs of to-day. On tho eve of grad
uating, and alter our student has present
ed Mr. Prrosas (Rev. Mr. Burr) with r
silver can as a gilt, at a cost ot 7 10s
($18 25), the diary gives every indication
ot u valedictory "blow out." There are
evidences ot the buying of wine, of limes,
of sugar, of rum we can almost smell
the cloves tnat spiced that punch nnd hear
the songs ot Aula Lang Syne that crown
ed the flowing bowl as its. steaming con
tents grew less and less. And all this for
$165, the price ot a lubberly modern
school-boy's first quarter's bill, scarcely
the equivalent for a good square supper
lor a purtie carree at Delmonico's. N. Y.
A Period of "Shrinkage."
We are passing through a period of
"shrinkage," ot contractions, which was
the inevitable sequel of the expansion wit
nessed during the war, and which is prob
ably stilled destined to cause much indi
vidual loss and suffering. In the course
ot such n process, the weak are doomed
to go under. Yet the number ot failures
is, and probably will be surprisingly
small, and it becomes the duty ot the crotl
itor class not to make it larger than is ab
solutoly unavoidable. The summer may
be expected to help us, but we may read
ily look lorward with hope and commence
to the fall. It is highly creditable to our
business people that, upon tbe wuoie great
strength, patience and forbearance have
been exhibited to all directions. Tho con
dition of affairs which we have witnessed
during the last eighteen months have been
predicted ever since 1864, and political
economists proved that whenever it oc
ean ed half the country totally would be
rumen, in reality, we nave sutterea very
nuch less than the most sanguie ot us
could have anticipated. Tho progress to
ward a healthy state ot business is not
rapid but it is sound, and when it is com
pleted we may safely look lorward to a
long and uninterrupted period ot prosperi
ty. It is the imperative duty of both the
great parties ot the day to combine in
bringing about this result, and to be care
ful that the national commerce shall not
be necessarily injured in their struggles
The interests involved in that directions
are too vast to be sacrificed to personal
ambition or to political intrigues. im. x,
FARMERS AND CITIZENS !
Study your Interest In these Ilird Times, you can save money In biyinc your
DOMESTICS, CLOTHING, BOOTS and SUOES.
COTTON, YARN, Ac.
At great Bargain f
I. E. SCHULTZ, Jefferson City, Mo.
Printing Ink Works.
PRATT AND ROBINSON,
8 Spruco Street, New Tork.
ROBINSON AND PRATT.
14 Sansora Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
ITTy Black and Colored muting inks. isui
GLAZIER and PAPER
Jefferson City, Mo.
jt3TWork d""e ln tho best style of tbe art.
MANUKACTL'IlKn AND DKAXKR IN
CIGARS & TOBACCO.
ARTICLES OF THE VESY BEST QUAL
ity always on hand. Store in
(Beutler's new Building.)
F. J. MAYER,
Stoves, Tinware, Etc.
High Street, (opp. Pratt's Auction Room.)
Jefferson City, Mo.
A LARGE ASSORTMENT Or l'AUl.oit
and Cooking Stoves, Cooking Utensils, Tin
Ware, etc., nlwnvs on hsnd.
Till Piping and Guttering, nnd nil kinds of Tin
pare made to order with neatness nml dis-
watc.b ' ilcc.Si.iJ-i
Jefferson City Bant
JEFFERSON CITY. MISSOTRI.
apital - - $100,000,
CHARLES E. 11 ESS. Prenidenl.
. II. DITLLE, Vice-Presuttint.
Danikl Boon, Asa't Cashier.
Do a general Banking business. Collections
made and promptly remitted Ht lowest
rates. WM. v. iioon,
SUPPAN & BEttNIIARD,
DRUGGISTS & APOTH CARIES,
PAINTS, OILS AND
PUKE WINES and LIQUORS
FOR MEDICAL PURPOSES,
Jcff'jrsoii City, Missouri,
PRESCRIPTIONS CAREFULLY COM
apitol Star Milt.
G. H. Dalle & Sons,
DEALERS IN ALL KLNDS OF
FLOUR and MEAL,
SHIPSTUFF, SHORTS, BRAN.
Cor. Main and Walnut Sts.,
JEFFERSON CITY, MISSOURI.
HIGHEST MARKET PRICE PAID FO
No. 311 North Third Street.
CAPITAL PAID UP $400,000,
A GENERAL BANKING BUSINESS
transacted. Accounts solicited.
INTEREST PAID ON TIME DEPOSITS
WM. II. MAURICE, Pres't.
L. E. Alkxandkr Ca'jler. deeSMf.
; (Successor to Dnehla A Son,)
HATS AND CAPS,
HOOTS AXD SHOES,
STAPLE AND FANCY GROCERIES,
(High St., Oppo Pratt' Auction House )
OUR stock comprises everything kept In a
tlrst-cliiss store, such ns Calicos nml Do
must ics, Boots nml Shoes, Hats nml Cups. Hiiril
ware nml yueenswnrc. tiniin lings. Teas. Sugnr
nml Cotrco. etc. Highest, cash prices pvid for
Otintrv iiroilucc. ma! v-iy
J. K. Wilson & Co
AC. AC. AC.
AGRICULTURAL IMPLEMENTS AND
No 107 HIGH ST., JEFFERSON CITY MO.
A FORTUNE IN IT. Kvcry family buys It.
told liy Agents. AdilruM,, U. f. Walker,
Kile, Ph. 4w
COO HA11.Y TO AUENTS. 85 new articles
WfcU mid tli best Kiimllv I'upcr in Amcricu,
with two r.00 lii'omos, t'rec. AM. M't'UCO.,
300 liroiulwiiy, N. Y. 4w
pnrr SAMPLE to Aent. I.mltea Comhlua
I tlLu tlon Nccdlo-book. with ChvomoH. Scud
stamp. E. P. Ul.UCK.Xcw lledl'ord, Mass. 4w.
JtCrilTC UfflllTFn for tho fastest RellliiK
AutN I O W AN I LU book cvcrpublished.
fcond for ourextra tei nis to Atfi'lis. NATIONAL
I'fllLl.SIUNU CO., Chicago, 111., or St. Louis,
i A rMVTTj"V AGENTS IN OUR
1L.1 Pj X ten New Novelties;
lust out; needed in every house; sample and
circulars free by mail. 11. U. WHITE A CO.,
Newark, X. J. 4w
Blfl Tfl Pcnn Invested in Wall Street
0 I U I U u3UU often leads to fortune. A
7 2 pagn book explaining everything, and copy
of the Wall Street Review.
rrijT CDtr John hicklini; a co..
Ot.ll I rntr. Hankers and Brokers, 72
Uroadwny. New York. 4w
Couffhs, Colds, Hoarseness,
AND ALL THROAT DESEASES
WELLS' CARBOLIC T BLETS!
PUT LP ONLY IN HU E POXES.
A TRIED AXD SUUE REMEDY.
For sale bv iIiukkIsib generally, and
Kl'LLEH & H'LLElt, Chicago, III. 4w
Free! FREE! Free!
A handsome illustrated newspaper containing
information for everybody. Tells bow nnd
wheru to secure a iiomk cheap. Sent free to all
pints ot the world.
It contains the New Homestead and Timber
Laws, with other interesting matter found only
in this paper.
Send for it at once !
It will only cost you a Postal Caku.
New number for April lust out.
Address. o. F. DAVIS.
Land Commissioner ('. , It. It.,
may21-4w Omaha, Ni:U.
WHEREVER IT HAS BEEN TRIED
has established Itself as a perfect regulator and
huhb remedy for disorders of tho system aris
ing from improper action of the Liver am'.
IT IS NOT A PHYSIC, but. by stimulating the
secretive organs, gently and gradually removes
all Impurities, and ruirulates the entire system.
IT IS NOT A DOCTORED BITTERS, but Is a
which assists digestion, and thug stimulates the
appetite for food necessary to invigorate the
weakened or inact ive organs, and gives strength
to nil the vital forces.
IT CARRIES ITS OWN RECOMMENDATION,
as tho 1 urge and rapidly increasing stiles testify
Price One Hollar a bottle. Ask your druggist
for it FULLER A FULLER. Chicago, III..
4w Wholesale Agents
REDUCED PASSENGER FARES,
The immurement of tho Missouri Pacific
Railroad, ever alive to tho interests of its pa
trons, has, within the last few months, reflueed
the passenger fates between through or compe
ting points from ten to twenty per cent., and
has so arranged the stile ot tickets between way
stations that people can travel with almost
as little expense as it would cost to stay at
homo. To secure the advantage of a reduction
of fully fifteen per cent., passengers going short
distances (say one hundred niles or less) should
apply to any station agent of the Missouri Pa
cific Railroad for a Round Trip Ticket, which
will enable the passenger to make his trip to his
destination and return to his home at a compar
atively small cost.
Tbe agents at the larger stations on tho road
have been supplied with through or coupon
tickets to all principle point In the country,
which they are instructed to sell at the lowest
Any special Information as to ticket rates and
routes will be cheerfully furnished by E, A.
Ford, General Passenger Agent, St. Louis,