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Fair play. (Ste. Genevieve [Mo.]) 1872-1961, June 28, 1919, Image 7

Image and text provided by State Historical Society of Missouri; Columbia, MO

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn87052181/1919-06-28/ed-1/seq-7/

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mm- New
otaoe Plant?
jMONG the many scientific
discoveries brought nbout
by tho war Is the fact that
In kudzu, a leguminous
plant, this country pos
sesses one of the hardiest
and most valuable forage
plants known. Indeed, this
remarkable vine seems des
tined 'to become one of
the leading sources of
wealth In certain sections
of the United States. Especially Is
this true of the sonthcrn states, where
-tho slow development of agriculture
has been due In largo measure to the
lack of good nutritious pastures and
of roughage that lasts throughout tho
entire year.
While kudzu Is by no means n new
plant, It was only a year ago that any
extensive experiments were made with
It; tho number of farms on which It
was grown was Insignificant. In fact,
it nppears not to have been studiously
-cultivated anywhere until a Florida
iman made tho accidental discovery
"that his live stock seemed to prefer It
to any other kind of forage plant and
that they waxed fat upon It. As this
-was at a tlmo when the high cost of
feed forced many farmers to reduce
the dally allowance of their animals,
ho hastened to plant a number of acres
to kudzu, with the most satisfactory re
sults. Builds Up Poor Land.
It was not only ns n feed for his
farm animals that ho discovered vir
tue In the plant, however. Ho found
that, by reason of Its power of extract
ling nitrogen from the air through
the medium of the bacteria on Its roots
And adding this essential clement to
tbe soil, It quickly built up poor and
worn-out land, making It fertile and
productive. Tn this respect ho be
lieves It even superior to clover, al
falfa and other leguminous plants. Last
eeason he made the best corn ever
crown In Florida, averaging '50 bush
els to tho acre, on land that the sca
on before had been planted to kudzu,
and this without any fertilizer what
ever. What made the experiment more
Interesting was the fact that this land
'ct any sort, being considered practi
cally worthless.
All this came about as the result of
ia few vines which had been planted
on the lawn of his homo for orna
mental purposes. Kudzu makes a
beautiful growth, tho leaves being of
(a dark green, and Is one of tho fastest
(growers known, producing a dense
shade In a very short time. On tho
lawn of this Florida man It was grown
to cover a summer house.
So rapid was Its growth, In fact, thot
iaftcr tho second year ho grubbed It
out as something of a nuisance, be
cause tho vines trailed all over tho
aawn, making It lmposslblo to keep the
.growth confined to tho summer house.
Mrs. Marshall Stetson of Hanson
fstuffc.1 and baked 40 chickens for
the supper served at tho Rod Men's
nll. ,
Detailed soil surveys covering 33,130
equaro miles of tho United States
(wcro mado last year by department
i ..... .1 n n nvnr,!.'
TO String Ueuun huiv-iwj
operated machine has been Invented by
.41 European that feeds them upon the
l-Doiut of a threaded needle.
The three roots so dug up were thrown
on a trash pile In one corner of the
yard, with tho Idea "that, since It
wanted to run oif the ground, It would
grow and conceal the trash pile.
It not only did this tho first season,
but continued to reach out until It cov
ered all the adjoining fences, finally
reaching the barn lot, where the fam
ily horse was kept. According to Its
owner, tho horse literally wore his
mane off reaching under the bars of
the fence for the vine, while the neigh
bors' cuttle and hogs continually broke
through the fence to get It.
Becoming alarmed, lest the plant
might be poisonous, the owner of the
horse sent some of It to the depart
ment of agriculture for nn opinion. On
learning from this source that kudzu
had no poisonous properties that were
known of, he began Investigating and
experimenting, with tho result that It
was found by repeated analyses to con
tain nn average of 17 per cent of pro
tein, In one lnstnnco tho percentage
being 10.82. The average percentage
of protein In alfalfa Is 14.3 per cent.
On a measured space 30 feet square
he cut during one season at the rate
of 11 tons cured hay at four cuttings.
This, however, was an exceptionally fa
vorable season, there being no lato
frosts, and tho first cutting was ready
May 1. The second cutting was made
June 11, tho third tho last of July, and
the fourth enrly In September.
While It Is not claimed that kudzu
will make four cuttings every season,
nor yield 11 tons per aero at a cutting
It Is believed thnt a safe estimate Is
from two to throe cuttings, with n
yield of from four to six tons per
acre, anywhere that the plant may
bo grown under favorable drcum
stnnces, and experiments haye proved
thot It Is perfectly hardy nil over tho
United States, enduring tho winters as
far north ns Nova Scotia.
Needed In the South.
What Is needed In the South espe
cially. Is a forage that stock can live
and keep fat on tho year nround. There
Are many valuable cultivated crops
that make Immense yields, but their
period of mnturo life Is short, making
frequent plantings necessary In order
to have a complete succession. The
velvet bean, for Instance, Is an all-season
crop, but it Is not ready to feed
until November. Tho cowpca, soy
bean, and tho various sorghums and
millets nre good forage crops, but all
must bo planted In succession and cul
tivated for best results. Furthermore,
In the case of crops that must be har
vested before feeding, the farmer has
only a few days In which to get It
In Its prlmo condition, something that
Is lmposslblo If rains nro frequent.
Again, nil the legumes, with tho ex
ception of kudzu, nro open to objec
tion through dropping their leaves and
shattering while curing and harvest-
lng. And n heavy rain on them, or
A velocipede for two has been de
signed, so constructed that a smaller
boy can rldo safely behind n larger
one, who supplies tho motlvo power.
A railroad tn Brazil utilizes Its
old rails, mounted In pairs, for tele
graph polos In a region whero Insects
destroy wooden ones.
A dead whale that drifted ashore,
high on tho rocks on I'einaquld point,
facing Johns bay, ifhs been blown up
by dynamite. Tho carcass was CO feet
long nnU was estimated to weigh tuoro
than 20 to'
any of tho grasses, hays or fodders dur
ing the period of curing means seri
ous injury If not complete ruin.
Kudzu's Hardy Qualities.
Kudzu, however, possesses none of
these disadvantages.. One planting
lasts for many years and It may be
cut or pastured at any time during tho
season, In north Florida, from about
the middle, of April until frost comes.
And where there Is a growth left In
the ground, stock will feed on It all
winter. Stock, In fact, have been
known to eat tho dead leaves and vines
which have lain out and weathered
until March, when It was hnulcd In for
bedding, In preference to tho best hny
thnt conld bo bought. Tho vines do
not bloom or 'bear seed, and Its roots
penetrate the soil deeply, for which
reason they remain green and full
of life during the entire growing sea
son. Accordingly, the hny can bo cut
any time when weather conditions nre
suitable for curing hay, as kudzti Is
not Injured by wnlting for good weath
er as other hay crops are. In fact,
even If kudzu Is thoroughly soaked
during tho curing period, It will nfter
wards show little effect of wetting.
Most people might think that, be
cause kudzu Is n vine, It must bo very
difficult to cut and handle It as a hay
crop. On the contrary, experience tins
shown that It Is no more trouble to
cut or handle than a heavy crop of
red clover, Mexican clover, crabgrass,
or any other hay that makes n matted
growth, while It Is much easier to han
dle than either cowpca or velvet bean
hay. Unlike the cowpea and velvet
bean, kudzu Is anchored to the ground
every few Inches, and so tho vines can
not drag ahead of the mower blade, as
In the ense of peas and beans.
Kudzu should bo propagated by
means of tho rooted plants, for when
these plants are removed to new fields
they enrry with them tho bacterln, on
the tubercles of their roots, which are
necessary to Inoculate tho new soil In
order to secure tho best results. When
the plant becomes well established It
needs no further cultivation, being
nble to control native weeds and
grnsses without assistance. The roots
live for many years and do not require
replanting uftor tho first senson.
Tho proper time for planting kudzu
Is two or three weeks In ndvnnco of
corn planting, or a little earlier If
ono can get the ground ready. A full
crop of corn may be grown on tho
srfme land during tho first year by
simply dropping the grains between
tho plants. Neither crop will Inter
fere with tho other and both need
about the same attention. The ground,
however, should be left smooth and
lovel nt the last cultivation to permit
easy rooting of the vines or runners
und-subsequent mowing for hay. Setter
tho first .year tho kudzu will not neod
any cultivation at all, us the vines will
I root at tho Joints.
Try keroseno oil for washing win
dows. Dampen n cloth with It and
clean tho glass, then polish with a dry
Mrs. Henry E. Snow of Urockton
and her twin sister, Mrs. Evelina
Dawley of I'rovldenco, aged 70, Just
had n birthday party.
A chcmlcnl for preserving art ob
jects In good condition has been de
vised by Dr. Chlcknshlgo, professor
of the Kyoto university. It has proved
very effective In protecting wall pic
tures and other fine works of art,
Wheat Bran Is Relished by Young Ani
mals and Corn Has Excellent
Physiological Effect.
(Prepared by tho United States Depart
ment of Agriculture.)
"When tho cnlf Is In Its second week
It should begin to receive grain, and
when ono month old It should eat
nbout hnlf a pound n day. After this
tlmo tho quantity of grain may be
gradually Increased, feeding all that
tho calf will eat until three pounds n
day Is reached, probably during tho
third month. Grain fed to supplement
sepnratcd milk should never bo mixed
with the milk. It Is questionable
whether the preparation of grain In
any way, such as soaking or boiling, Is
advlsnblo under most circumstances.
Wheat bran Is eaten readily by
young calves. Corn has nn excellent
physiological effect and to a great ex
tent may take the place of fnt removed
from skim or separated milk. Experi
ments' tend to show that corn fed to
cnlves should bo cracked rather than
finely ground. Ground oats are good
In grain mixtures when available, but
In many cases cost much more per unit
of feed than corn and bran. Tho fol
lowing grain mixtures nro recommend
ed by dairy specialists of tho United
States department of agriculture:
1. Three parts cracked corn and ono
part wheat bran.
2. Threi parts cracked corn, one
part wheat bran and one part ground
3. Three parts cracked corn, ono
part wheat bran, one part ground oats,
and one part linseed meal.
4. Five parts crncked corn, one part
whent bran, ono part ground onts, and
ono pnrt blood meal.
0. Oats, ground.
Clover hay, alfalfa hay, or the most
palatable roughage available should be
given the calf after tho second week.
Alfnlfu Is likely to cause scours, and
should be fed sparingly at first and In-
(V Good Method of Feeding Calves So
That Each Will Get Its Share.
crensed only nfter the calf gets accus
tomed to It. At first hay should be fur
nished only n handful nt a time, and
be plnced so that It cannot be soiled.
JVS Ve first six months, at least, tho
calf should receive all tho roughage
of good quality that It will eat up
clean. When the cnlf has access to
good pasture during the first six
months It need not receive other
roughage. It Is not advisable, howev
er, to havo the calf under two months
of ago on pasture In the early spring.
Good Dairy Bull, Purchased as Calf
for $100, Put at Head of Herd
lo Good Investment.
(Prepareu by tho United States Depart
ment of Agriculture.)
A good dairy bull, purchased by a
Montana county farm bureau mem
ber, cost $100 as a calf; It was put at
tho head of n herd of ten cows, tho
average annunl production of which
was 4,800 pounds of milk and 2G0
pounds of butterfat The daughters
of the bull havo now replaced tho old
cows In the hord and exceed the pro
duction of their dnms by nn nvefago
of 102 pounds butterfat and 1,828
pounds of milk per year. This Im
provement nets $300 profit each year
without taking into account the dif
ference in value of tho calves. A cow
should "carry on" for at least six
years, which would mean $1,800 addi
tional profit from the ten cows, because
of the $100 Invested In tho bull cnlf.
"It was a bully good Investment,"
says tho farmer.
They Aro the Men Who Cause to Bo
Manufactured Poor Grade of
Butter for Market
There Is n class of men who nro
more dangerous to tho dairy Industry
thnn tho men who use tho substitute,
and they nre tho men who cause to be
manufactured a poor grade of butter.
There Is no substltuto for first-class
butter, but for butter mado from old,
ptnlo cream there Is not only danger of
substitutes, but thero Is danger of
many people not using butter at all.
Save Family Expenses.
Tho dairy cows under rensonnblo
conditions will save nearly or qulto
half of the expenses of n smnll farao
On a warm day there's no more refresh
ing luncheon than Libby's Veal Loaf,
chilled and sliced! So easy, too. Ask
your grocer for a package today.
Libby, M9Neill & Libby, Chicago
Kili Dandruff
With Cwficiira
'All drurrgtflts! 8oAp2S. Ointment
pi and lAJ. micum u. uampio each
,frfe of ''Cntlcurft, Dtpt. E, Boiton."
Dissolved in vrater for douches stops
pelvic catarrh, ulceration and inflammation-
Recommended by Lydia .
Pinkham Med. Co, for ton years.
A healing wonder for nasal catarrh,
sore throat and sore eyes. Economical.
H ejlraotdinuy cWniioa uj geroildo'al power.
Snp!Fre. 50c. all dniscatj, or poitpud br
1ia rsilon Toilet Corapur. Boston. Mu, i
cheap. Last
all season. Alado of
rnetal, can't spill or
tip over; uill uot soil
or injure anything.
Guaranteed effective.
Sold by dealers, or
6 by EXPl'.ESS,
prepaid. 11.23.
nAliOLU S0MEK3, ISO Do Kalb An., Brooklyn. N. Y.
Everything Lovely.
"Howdy, Gnpl" saluted an acquaint
ance, upon meeting the well known
Rumpus Ridge citizen on a shopping
expedition in Tumllnville. "How's
everything going with you?"
"Flncr'n frog hair, Jurdl" triumph
antly replied Gap Johnson. "Of course,
my wife has been sorter puny, yur of
late, and several of the children have
got the measles and mumps and ono
thing and another, nnd the lightning
struck tho corner of tho house tuther
night and like to have tore the whole
place to pieces, and one of the kids
fell out of a treo und broke his arm,
nnd a feller took a shot nt me day bo
rons yesterday nnd ventilated my ear,
nnd such as that, but I swapped for
n running horse last week, and a
couple of my hounds have got sis
pups apiece. Aw, I tell you, they
can't keep a good man down I" Kan
sas City Star.
Well Known.
I was hurrying homo up tho hill when
n Httlo boy camo rushing down In such
hnsto that he ran headlong Into me.
Ho wns qulto breathless and very
"Havo you seen my pa?" ho managed
to stammer.
"I don't know your pa, Httlo boy,"
said I.
Ho looked nt mo In round-eyed won
der nnd his pink cheeks fairly stuck
"Sou don't know my pa?" he said In
credulously. "Why, I know pa Just
us ensy I" Exchange.
Brighten the
Morning' Meal
with a hot drink that gives re
freshing invigoration.
The Original
Postum Cereal
is so pleasing and satisfying
that it has completely taken the
place of tea and coffee in many
homes everywhere.
Try this healthful
note results.
Two sizes, usually
At Grocers
Caused by
Let EATONIC, the wonderful modern
stomach remedy, clvo you quick relief
from disgusting belching, food-repeatlnc.
Indigestion, bloated, eassy stomach, dyspep
sia, heartburn and other stomach miseries.
They are all caused by Acid-Stomach from
which about nine people out of ten suffer
In one way or another. One writes as fol
lows: "Before I used EATONIC, I could not
eat a bite without belching It right up. sour
and bitter. I have not bad a bit of trouble
since the first talilet."
Millions are victims of Acld-Stomnch '
without knowing It. They are weak and
ailing, have poor digestion, bodies improp
erly nourished although they may eat heart
ily. Oravo disorders are likely to follow If
an acid-stomach is neglected. Cirrhosis ot
tho liver. . Intestinal congestion, gastritis,
catarrh of the stomach these are only a
few of the many ailments often caused by
A sufferer from Catarrh of the Stomach
of 11 years' standing writes: "I had catarrb
of the stomach for 11 long years and I never
found anything to do me any good Just
temporary relief until I used EATONIC It
Is a wonderful remedy and I do not want to
be without It."
If you are not feeling quite right lach
energy and enthusiasm and don't know Just
whore to locate the trouble try HATONIO
and see how much better you will feel In
every way.
At all drug stores a big box for BOo u4
your money back it you are not satisfied.
Lawyer Evidently Was Well Ao
quainted With the Weakness of
His Long-WInded Friend.
C. H. Murphy relates the story of 4
Philadelphia lawyer, retired, who, In
the days of his active practice, was
notorious fov his long-wlndedness.
On on occasion ho had been spout
ing forth his concluding argument for
six hours, nnd the end was nowhere
In sight, when the opposing attorney
beckoned his associate and whispered:
"Can't you stop him, Jack?"
"I'll stop him In two minutes," Jack
replied confidently. And he wrote
nnd passed to the orator the following
"My Dear Colonel As soon ns yon
finish your magnificent nrgument I
would like you to join me at tho ho
tel In n bumper of rare old Bourbon."
The lawyer halted in the midst of
an Impassioned period, put on his
glasses, and rend tho note that had
been handed him, then he removed his
glnsses again and, taking up his hat
nnd bng, he said:
"And now, may It please the court
and gentlemen of the Jury, I leavo tho
case with you."
A minute later ho wns proceeding In
stately fashion In the direction of the
hotel bar.
Who'd do the work of tho world It
everybody were rich?
Drink and
sold at 15c and 25c.
C for your acid-stomach)

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