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FAIR PLAY. STE. GENEVIEVE. MISSOURI.
PRODUCERS AS WELL AS RAILROADS AND
DEALERS MUST SHARE BLAME FOR LOSS
Unloadina Potatoes From Freight Car to Truck. Careful Haidling Is Essen
tial From Field to the Consumer.
(Prepared by the United States Depart
ment of Agriculture.)
Much of the loss In marketing pota
toes duo to shipping ungraded, care
lessly handled, diseased stock can ho
eliminated by the grower with a re
sultant Increase In his profits. Every
rotten, frozen or under-grade potato
that Is loaded, nnd every potato spoil
ed while In transit or In storage, re
duces the grower's profits nnd means
a waste of time nnd labor. It also
means a waste of time and labor for
every person .handling It, a waste of
car space, and consequently It amounts
to an appreciable loss to the com
munity as a whole. The United States
department of agriculture, through Its
markets Inspection service, Is trying
to eliminate this waste.
The original purpose of the markets
Inspection service was conceived to be
a protection to the shipper. By a re
cent, act of congress the inspection
law has been so amended that anyone
with an Interest In a shipment can ask
for an inspection. If a shipper re
ceives word that a shipment has been
rejected by the consignee, he can wire
the markets Inspection office in desig
nated markets asking for an inspec
tion to determine the cause and Jus
tice of the rejection. The result, as
was anticipated, has been the almost
automatic elimination of unjust rejec
tions. Knowing that an inspector Is
available to the shipper, a receiver
who discovers that he has bought on
a falling market does not feel so free
to reject the shipments consigned to
him. The mere establishment of the
inspection service has almost done
away with that practice.
Faults Found In Shipments.
A second typo of protection this
iervice was designed to afford shippers
was In settlement of claims made
when shipments were received In bad
condition. Inspections have demon
strated that the railroads often are
responsible for losses, especially for
freezing Injury, and for troubles which
may arise because of delay In transit.
These results were expected, but to n
surprising ertcnt It has been found
that the grower and shipper also are
responsible, In that they often ship
poor, undergrade, diseased potatoes.
Growers and shippers must be held
responsible for much of the loss which
results from shipping diseased pota
toes, slnco a large portion of such
losses can bo controlled, If not entirely
prevented, In the field.
Serious damage results from careless
handling when the potatoes are liar
vested. Too many people handle pota
toes as though they were cobblestones
rather than n perlshablo product.
Even the breaking of the protective
skin frequently proves serious. Such
Injury not only damages the appear
ance and necessitates deep paring of
the tuber, but affords ready entrance
to infection. Loss of this sort lies In
every grower's nnd shipper's power
Sizing Not Always Dependable.
In grading potatoes too much de
pendence should not bo put on sizing
alone. A potato, for example, may bo
ko covered with second growth knobs
that It will not pass through tho
meshes of the grader, but It does not
rightly belong In tho first grade. Tho
knobs mean much waste nnd require
extra time In preparing tho potato for
tho table. Or, a potato may measure
up satisfactorily to tho standards of
slzo and yet bo so diseased as to be
worthless. A potato may even present
n fine prize-winning nppearance on
the surface and be far below grade be
cause of Injuries or disease of which
there is no evidence without cutting
the tuber. Freezing injury, or hollow
heart, illustrates cases of this kind.
Tho grower should not bo blamed for
losses which result from these causes,
but to n great extent field conditions
nre tho primary causo of tho troubles
which appear when tho potatoes are
In its study of shipments of potatoes
on the principal markets, the Inspec
tion service finds that lato blight tuber
rot, which Is frequently followed by
slimy soft rot, causns Heavy losses.
This disease Is apparent nt tho time
M loading, and tho bad tubers can be
FOUR MEN GET PAYROLL OF MID.
DLE FORK MINE NEAR BEN
CLERK KILLS ONE OF THIEVES
Desperadoes Use Army Rifles Thrco
Employes Injured Thieves Seize
Cash, Despite the Heavy
sorted out. There Is no business econr
omy In paying freight for shipping po
tntoes when rejection Is a foregono
Scab Is another example of a fieli?
disease which causes severe deprccia
tion In the value of a crop of potatoes,
Tlie presence of a few scabby potatoes
may lower the grade of an otherwise
fancy lot. In some sections scab cun
bo controlled by seed treatment, but
In many cases careful grading will pre
vent scabby potatoes ns well as thoso
affected with wire-worm, white-grub,
nematode, and llea-beetlo Injury from
reaching the market.
Other Troubles Cause Rejection.
Other field troubles, less apparent at
the time of digging than these, often
play a role in the rejection of ship
ments. Among them are brown rot of
southern potatoes, and the group of
rots associated with fusarlum wilt.
During the winter tho heaviest losses
are due to rots which start In wounds
inflicted In digging, loading and haul
ing. These rots, known as fusarlum
tuber rots, are caused by fungi which
live In tho soli, and can attack tubers
In any sort of break In the cttln,
whether cnused by bruising, fork in
jury, jamming, freezing, or disease
such as late blight tuber rot. Theso
rots progress rapidly in storage and
transit, and cause enormous losses.
Freezing duo to Improper loading, or
heating of cars is also very common.
In warm weather, tho greatest losses
aro due to slimy soft rot, which Is
caused by certain bacteria attacking
potato tissue which has been killed by
bruising, wnter-logging of the soli,
scalding, freezing, or other causes.
Benton, III. Four of the bandits
who robbed the Middlo Forks Mine of
fice, near hor, of f 4 1,000 in gold and
currency and fled to the woods after
one of tho band had been shot dead
by a wounded clerk, were captured in
the forest seven miles out of Benton.
The money, however, has not been
Tho fugitives had been surrounded
by a posse of several hundred citizens
and every avenue of escape cut off.
There vas brisk firing until dusk,
then came a gradual closing In by tho
volunteer vigilantes and the robbers
were trapped. Two of the quartet were
so badly wounded that it was impoS'
siblo to move them, and they were glv
en emergency aid in the woods. Chief
of I'olice Kelly, who led the law
forces, said that ho would take his
prisoners to Harrisonburg or Marion.
He was advised against moving them
Benton because of the wild excite
ment and anger caused by the hold-up.
Tho thloves had abandoned their
automobile. Near the machine was
found the body of a 19-year-old boy,
the top of his head blown off. The
body had been flung into a ditch from
the careening automobile.
BILL READY FOR SIGNATURE ON
Toll and Local Telephone Rates Con
tlnue for Four Months After Bill
Goes into Effect.
Buy a Farm Now.
Decants land Is cheaper than It vJlll ever
be hgaln. The U. 8. Itallroad Administration
la prepared to furnish free Information to
tiomeseekers regarding farming opportuni
ty. We have nothing to sell; no money to
londj only Information to Blve. wrlto mo
fully with rcferenca to vour needs. Namo
tho ntato you want to learn about. J. I
Uilwardn, Manager, Agricultural Section,
U. S. Itallroad Administration, Itoora 70,
Washington, 1). C. adv.
BETTER LOOK OUT!
The mere fact that a man doesn't
call you a liar Is no reason that ho
doesn't think you nro one.
Cutlcura for Pimply Facet?.
To remove pimples nnd blackheads
smear them with Cutlcura Ointment.
Wash off In flvo minutes with Cutl
cura Soap and hot water. Onco clear
keep your skin clear by using them for
dally toilet purposes. Don't fall to in
clude Cutlcura Talcum. Adr.
Sllcnco is more eloquent than words.
Kldney and bladder' troubles don't
disappear of themselves. They grow
upon you, slowly but steadily, under
mining your health with deadly cer
tainty, until you fall n victim to in
Stop your troubles wMlo thcro Is
time. Don't wait until littlo pains be
corao big aches. Don't trlfla with dis
ease. To avoid futuro suffrting begin
treatment with GOLD MEDAIj Hnar-
1 ntl HnnatilAii n-nf rPfllfft t M T P H fl T
irui uu - ----- "
four every dny until you feel that you
ore entirely ireo irora pun.
This well-known preparation has been
one of the notional remedies of Hol
land for centuries. In 1000 tho govern
ment of tho Netherlands (ranted a sptn
clal charter authorizing its sale.
Tho good housewife of Holland would
almost as soon bo without food as with
out her ''Ileal Dutch Drops," as she)
quaintly calls GOLD MEDAL Ilanrlera
Oil Capsules. Their uso restores
strength end is rcsponslblo in a great .
measure for tho sturdy, robust health'
of the Hollanders.
Do not delay. Go to your druggist
nnd insist on his supplying you with a
box of GOLD MEDAL Haarlem Oil
Capsules. Tako them as directed, and
if you aro not satisfied with results yourr
druggist will gladly refund your money
Look for tho namo GOLD MEDAL on
tho bos and accept no other. In sealed
poxes, thrco sizes.
"What nro you selling bananas for
"To mnkc n living."
How many worthy men havo wo soeo
survlvo their own reputations. Mon
BALANCING THE TRACTOR
(rrepared by the
1. Labor saved. 1,
2. Fewer horses
3. Horse focd 8.
4. Extra acreage -i
5. Extra Income
United States Do
. Large first
, Cost of fuel
Lack of adapt
ability .to all
CLUB BUYING SAVES $6,000
Splendid Results Obtained by Farmers'
Organization' In Rapides Parish,
(Prepared by the United States Depart
ment of Afrrlculture.)
Fourteen farmers' co-operatlvo clubs
havo been organized by the agricul
tural agent in Itapldes Parish, La.
Through them seed, fertilizer, and
farmers' supplies have been purchased,
resulting In a saving of more than
$0,000 to tho members. By co-opern-tlve
buying $-1,000 has been saved In
the purchase of ncld phosphate, 91,
G50 on potato sacks, $410 on Irish po
tato seed, and $50 on seed wheat. Tho
agent Is now planning to buy two
thrashing outfits on the co-opcratlvo
plan for members of tho clubs.
Rmlnn crass is n comnoratlvclv new
crop, but has proved superior to either
ryo or rape for general nnnuul pasturo
Power machinery for cutting fire
wood offers a practical solution of the
fuel problem on farms where wood Is
Itapo Is generally broadcasted at
tho rate of about four pounds per
acre, nt tho tlmo of tho last cultlva
Every wash and gully on your farm
that isn't, stopped tells tho folks that
pass on the road you'ro a poor farmer.
Washington. Tho bill ending Gov.
eminent control and operation of tele
graphs, telephones, cable and radio
communication was made ready In
Congress for President Wilson's sig
nature. Final legislative action was
taken in adoption by tho House and
Senate of the conference agreement
which is expected to terminate Gov
ernment wire administration July 31.
As finally approved, tho legislation
ends Government control at midnight
on the last day of tho calendar month
In which President Wilson approves
tho bill. Chairman Cummins of the
Interstate Commerce Committee told
tho Senate that it was assumed the
president would sign the bill next
month and that tho repeal law would
be effective July 31.
Tho only other important provision
of the measure continues toll and local
telephone rates for four months after
approval of the bill unless sooner ad
justed by State commissions.
TREASURY EMPLOYE A THIEF
$05,000 in Redeemable Notes Diseov.
ered in Buried Tin Cans at
Washington. Secret service agents
it the Intelligence Department are
said to have struck a veritable gold
mine hero in prospecting in the back
yard of Charles H. Turnbull, a trusted
employe in the macerating room of tho
Treasury Department, and unearthed
more than $65,000 in redeemable treas
ury notes, buried in tin cans and other
receptacles, several foet below the
surface of tho earth.
Socialists Alarm Japan.
Tokio. Japaneso authorities aro
somewhat disturbed over what looks
like an organized effort to start a
Socialist movement of an extreme na
ture in this country. Several secret
meetings have been held at which
speakers havo proclaimed radical doc
Wilson Another Solomon.
Paris. President Wilton: ''Merely
to beat a nation that was wrong onco
is not enough. Thcro must follow tho
wanting to all other nations that
would do like things that thoy, in
turn, will be vanquished and shamed
if they attempt a dishonorable purpose.
Geneva. Schoidemann, former Gor
man Chancellor, arrived In Switzer
land on foot. He fled from Germany
Report of Jewish Massacres,
Washington. President Wilson ad
vised tho Senate through tho State De
partment that ho was considering
sending another commission to'Poland
to investigate reports of Jewish mas
Fate of Ship Unknown.
Now York. Tho Japaneso steam
ship Tsuruga Maru wirelessed tho
navy radio station th-t no traco had
been found of tho vessel with which
she rnlllflwi CO miles off this port
Are Here Told the Best Remedy
for Their Troubles.
Prcemont, O. "I was passing through the critical
period of life, being forty-six years of ago and had nil
the symptoms incident to that chango heat flashes,
nervousness, and was in a general run down condition,
bo it was hard for mo to do my work. Lydia E. Pink
ham's Vegetable Compound was rocommonded to mo as
the best rcmed v for mv troublos.irhicb, it suroly proved,
to be. I feel better and stronger in every way slnco
taking it, and tho annoying symptoms nave disap-
Seared." Mrs. M. Goddes, 025 Napoleon St, Fremont,
North Haven, Conm "Lydia E. Pinkham'a Vegota
Me Compound restored my health, after everything else
had failed when passing through change of life. There
1b nothing HUo it to overcomo tho trying symptoms."
mmjixtt FLossscs IbLLA,Box 1S7, North. Haven, Conn,
LYDIA E. PINKHAM
9ias the qm&nt &r& for A f&&&si cp$
LYDIA E. PINKHAM MEDICINE CO. LYNN. MASS.
THIS HEAD WORTH $10,000
London Doctors Eager to Examine
Brain of Man Known as
Of course you have heard of Datas,
tho human encyclopedia the man
who can memorize nnd reel off dates
quicker than the fire of a machine
gun ; the man on whoso head the doc
tors have placed a price of 2,000?
"But I am not anxious to sell it yet
for dissection," Datas told a writer
for London Tit-Bits the other day.
"It is worth more to mo thnn 2,000."
Datas has lately been devouring
war facts and had Just added a couple
of thousand In two and a half hours
to his repertolro when wo met.
"For an outlay of twopence," he
said, "I bought a little book on n
bookstall, called 'Two Thousand Facts
About the War.' I bought It and rend
the list through in two and a half
hours and then knew it by heart."
There Is no doubt about it. I test
ed Datas with tho book in my hand,
and no matter what question I asked
him dates of battles, air raids, names
of ships sunk, famous generals' ca
reers he answered them without hesi
tation, says the writer.
Datas has had many amusing and
curious experiences, but the most ex
traordinary was the friendly dinner ho
shared with John Lee, the Babbacombe
murderer, and tho late James Barry,
tho executioner who tried to Hang
Lee three times but failed. "Berry,
nftcr ceasing to be an executioner, set
up at Bradford as a phrenologist and
character reader," said Datas. His
card bore the words: "Heads exam
ined." He examined n good many
heads in his time."
Dressed to Kill In "Shell-Cloth."
Shell-cloth is the name of n new
fabric being manufactured in Eng
land. The stuff Is a fine serge and an
essential part of projectiles.
And now that the war is over the
stuff is going into the making of
clothes Instead of shells, says the
Philadelphia North American. It
ought to make "staggeringly" good
looking clothes, don't you think? One
woman might say quite truly to an
other: "Oh, my dear, she was dressed
to kill, all in shellcloth."
Or, on the other hand, what clever
opportunity for tho feminine cat to
say that her dear enemy has "shock
ing taste in the matter of clothes 1"
Boy's Bill of Fare.
George Bailey, answering tho in
quiry, "What Is good for n boy to eat?"
"At this tlmo of the year, according
to tho theories extant in North Caro
lina In 1870, n boy should have dally
plenty of green fruit, pine rosin, young
cucumbers, raw new potatoes, green
blackberries, doughnuts, branch water
and two hours In tho swimming hole."
Economy to Both
Health and Purse
follow a change from
coffee to the American
A rich, full-bodied
beverage boiled full
fifteen minutes after
boiling begins. Pure
and free from the
nerve impairing drug,
Kill All Flies! "KB1
I'laced anywhere. DAISY FLY KILLER attract; and
kill all flies. Neat, clean, ornamental, convenient and
411 nnt snll nr inlnrak
at your dealer or
HABOLD SOtlEKS. 1H Da Kalb Ave.. Brooklyn, N. aS.
Ideal for the
All drag-gUts: Soap nS. Ointment 25 and CO, TalccaB.I
Sample each free of "catUara. Dpi. E. Beiton." I
Nova Scotia Cherries.
Tho provlnco of Nova Scotia raises
exceedingly largo nnd luscious blaclf
Now It the Tune to Get Rid of Tni Ugly Spet
There's no longer the .lightest need of feeling!
ashamed ot roar freckles, as Othlne double,
strength Is guaranteed to remove these homely
Simply get an ounce of Othlne double
strength from your druggist, and apply a little
of it night snd morning and you should soon see.
that even the worst freckles have begun to dl
sppear, while the lighter ones hsve Tsnlshed en
tirely. It Is seldom that more than one ounce
Is needed to completely clesr the skin snd gal
a beautiful clear complexion.
Be sure to sik for the double strength Othlne.
s this Is sold under guarantee of money bad"
U U falls to remove freckles. Adv.
Two sizes, usually sold at 15c and 25c
At Grocers Everywhere!
And lots of men make fools of them
selves by doing tho fool things thejf
nro invited to do.
Millions ot people In fact about 9 out oC
10 surfer more or less from Indigestion,
acute or chronic Nearly every case 1
caused by Acid-Stomach.
There are othor stomach disorders whlck
also are euro signs ot Acid-Stomach belch
1 lng, heartburn, bloat after eating-, food re
peating, eour, gassy stomach. There are.
many ailments which, while they do not
cause much distress In the stomach Itself.,
are, nevertheless, traceable to an acid
stomach. Among; these are nervousness,,
biliousness, cirrhosis ot the liver, rheuma
tism, Impoverished blood, weakness. Insom
nia, melancholia and a lone train of phys
ical and mental miseries that keep the
victims In miserable health year after year.
The right thing- to do Is to attack these
ailments at their source cet rid of the acid
stomach. A wonderful modern remedy called
EATON1C now makes It easy to do this.
One ot hundreds ot thousands of grateful
users of EATONIC writes: "I have been
troubled with Intestinal Indigestion tor about
nine years and have spent quite a sum. for
medicine, but without relief, After using:
EATONIC for a few days the gas and patnsi
In my bowels disappeared. EATONIC Is Just
the remedy I needed."
We have thousands et letters telling oC
these marvelous benefits. Try BATONIC an,
you. too, will be Just as enthusiastic In ltt
Your druggtst has BATONIC. Get a bit
SOe box from him today. lis will refunij
your money If-you are not satisfied.
CrO YOUR AClD-STOMACg)
A tollftS taNUMtlon Af MMll
Rslps to eradicate d indraft.
FrRtorins Color and
Uaanty OCray r Faded itak.
w anq s.w.t urncsms.